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I, it I selves •ti «z, THE HERALD-ADVANCE MIL13AJSK, Editor ana liOVTNlK, 'j 11 i FRIDAY. FEB. 23,1900. Pop \ntio»iHl Convention. The populist national conven tion will be held at Sioux Falls on May 9. Kansas City, Milwau kee and Indianapolis* were also aft« the convention, but the na tional committee which met at Lincoln, Neb., decided on Sionx Falls. The midroaders bolted the meeting and organized a new national committee by them Lee Stover on (lie Philippines. At the Lincolon day celebra tion at Clark last week Lieutenant Colonel Lee Stover of Water town gave a presentation of the Fili pino question,and his personal ex perieuees and observations while on duty in the First South Dak ota regiment at the outbreak of the insurrection. Following is a portion of his remarks on this Subject: 1 have heard much of this Filipino republic, that was supposed to have been established have heard it highly commended by men of acknowledged ability in our own country. What was this government? Purely an oli garcy. There never was ah election there never was any pretence of any election of any one to represent the people. It was a self continuing oligarchy. A few visionary political Malays established it, acknowledged It and attempted to continue it. It never was recognized a rod from their soldiery. It never was obeyed by any one, except where sufficient force was present to inspire fear. Aside from a few young hot-blooded Malay politi cians, it represented no one. It could not have continued for an hour, nor for a mile beyond the range of their troops. It was made up exclusively of Tagalogs, the one race of the is lands that, if possible, is most thor oughly hated and detested by all the other tribes: the one clan that has come most closely under the debasing and demoralizing influence of the Spanish. Because of its constant repetition, although the matter h®s been much discussed and it seems to me thorough ly settled, it might be well to discuss at some length the claim that our friends the opposition make, aside from the question as to wheather the natives are fit for Belf government, namely, the one that our senior sena tor is constantly reiterating, that the Tagalogs were our allies and that we in violation of all civilized warfare and in opposition to all principles of humanity, tired upon and are now try ing to destroy them. Not a particle of evidence has been produced worthy of consideration towards proving their assertions, but this constant nagging, this filing of'resolutions of inquiry, and those never ending requests for documents and evidence from the Gov|patriots" ernment, I think justify me in giving some little evidence within my person al knowledge as to what happened in the islands with reference to our rela tion with the Tagalogs, and along the general line as to whether the bulk of the natives are seeking freedom, so called, from our domination. It is easy to demonstrate. There are something like 8(H) boys scattered through this state alone who were •there and know the facts. At that time Aguinaldo had his headquarters in Cavite, and there was every inter* course between the officers and troop® of the different commands. The Fili» pino troops as well as their officer# were quarter ed at Cavite within our lines during that time. I met General Luna, afterwards assassinated by Aguinaldo's personal guard, and I distinctly recollect his asking me, in the course of our conversation, if America would hold the islands. He said then that the hope and wish of the Tagalos was that America would Uold the islands, remove the Spanish and destroy the power of the church, and gave the Filipino people a chance to live under American rule. Notfy ing whatever was said about a re public. The question of self-govern ment never was mentioned. The only foAr he seemed to have was that we would give the island back to Spain. Before we left Cavite I met General Aguinaldo. I had more or less conver sation with him, and never was the Subject of a Filipino republic mention ed, never was there a hope or a wish expressed as to the future of their race other then tliat the United States would hold the islands. 1 see in the speech that Senator Petti grow delivered in the senate January 15th, he makes the statement that there was a town beween the 1 ines of the two armies, 1,500 yards in advance of the line occupied by our troops, that Otis wished to gain possession of, and that he made an agreement with Aguinaldo to withdraw his pickets from the town and retire to a greater distance that •-lifter this was flone, on the next night, patrol of the insurgents entered the town that they entered to see if any of their army had remained in the village, so as to pick up stragglers that we had occupied the town, and that after the Nebraska soldiers had ordered them to halt and they did not, our soldiers fired upon them. That is just about as true as the ordinary run of information that is given out to the people by some of those who advo cate the abandonment of the islands. By the original agreement the Fili pinos' advance post were to be the line of blockhouses. The place where the fighting finally commenced was more than a haft mile inside, towards Manila from the blockhouse. Repeat edly we had trouble at this place, and their advance post was repeatedly withdrawn with the promise that it should not happen again. When I went on duty that day aud arrived at this place I found they had establish ed a post entirely within our line, and right in back of the last one of our posts, between that post and Manila. We had quite an earnest conference with them, in the course of which, at one time, the whole out-lit cocked their rifles and covered me, and did every thing but fire, trying to induce the boys that were at their post to fire at them. The simple truth is that on February 4th, the insurgent soldiers left their posts and atttempted to locate a posts inside our line, between one of our posts and Manilla. So far, I have yet to find the first officer or soldier that served in the American army in the islands but who feels that it is a personal insult to him, to his uniform and his flag, when any man says we started the ighting, that we provoked it, or that it was any thing but intentional and premeditated on the part of Aguinaldo and his troops. I have personally seen and examin ed a copy of Aguinaldo's proclama tion, issued at that time, ordering his troops to kill every white face in the city, to spare no one, not even the Chinese, promising his troops that they should loot the city and divide all the foreigners' property among themselves. I have been asked why the Filipino army did not then disband if they were not for freedom. Every American sol dier who was there can tell you why. Simply because they feared that we would give the islands back to Spain. It was not for any sentiment of freedom or from any desire of self-government, but simply because they did not know, and we did not know, what was to be come of these island^. At that time no peace treaty had been made. The pro tocol was simply in force. For weeks we lay there. The two armies were on the best of terms. There was no fric tion or hard feelings until about the 1st of December, about the time con gress convened, or, rather, about the time a lot our "home patriots'' (that is an expression we coined in the army we always put the word "home" before the word "patriot" in referring to a lot of men who were really fighting be hind our backs) began to advocate the abandonment of the islands, and time enough had elapsed to give some of the political Tagals like Aguinaldo a taste of power. When these "home and these local political Tagalogs, by using their combined energies toward what appears to have been a common end, had had sufficient time, there gradually came to be a dif ference in the actions of tNe Tagalog officers and men. They became arro gant, insulting, hostile. We saw in Manila, within a week after it was de livered, printed in Tagalog, what was claimed to be a copy of Senator Hoar's speech. A LITTLE WARMER, But don't let that lead vou into trouble by putting on your light underwear and catching cold. This is important, and at the prices you can get underwear for, at E. H. Johnson & Go's, it won't pay to go without heavy goods. We have it in all grades —all prices and every jfarment a bargain.—Come and see it. E. H. JOHNSON & CO., Clothiers. Slilbank, S. D. A FREE PATTERN frotir own selection) to every sab scriber. Only 50 cuts a year. MAGAZINE A LADIES' MAGAZINE. bi-aunful colored plates latest dressmaking economies fancy »rk household Innts fiction, etc. Sub iibe to .lav, or, srntl.^c for iairst copy. l-*dy agents warned, ijend for terms. Stylish, Reliable, Simple, Up-to date, Economical and Absolutely Perfect-Fitting Paper Patterns. scAUL/rrfik Patternsw (No-Sea in-Allowance Patterns.) Only io and 15 ct*. each—none higher. Ask for them Sold nearly every city and o w n or by mail from THE McCALL CO., «g 138-146 West 14th St., New York. ParnsnaT'i Particular Fleai. Perhaps the plague in Paraguay is merely an attack of pigue, or sand flea. Tills insect is called nigua in the native language. In lSfo it killed a whole colony of Englishmen, consisting of 200 families, turning the colony, which was at Itape, Into a cemetery. A Ger man colony at Acegua was driven out. The pigue causes buboes and attacks the warmest parts of the body—that is, the cavities and the groin and armpit just the same spots as the eastern plague. It attacks Englishmen and Germans preferentially and avoids those that use but little soap. Soaps clean the body, and the pigue likes clean persons to eat. It also avoids people who eat more or less poisonous food. A man saturated with alcohols, Boca gin, nicotine and Paseo de Jul'o cookery is pretty well safe from the sand flea.—Buenos Ayres Herald. Governor* Inland. There is a large expanse of rolling sward on Governors island kept at all times in the pink of condition. This little island off Battery park Is con ceded to be the best kept army post on the Atlantic coast. There are two reasons for this. Fort Columbus is the headquarters of the department of the east. It must assume an appearauce in keeping with its high standing in the department. It also lias a military prison, and the convicts sent there for terms of months or years are sentenced to hard labor. Under the supervision of sentinels these men keep the walks and prome nades scrupulously clean and the sward closely clipped and free from falling leaves and other litter. They also give proper attention to the vari ous buildings and their immediate sur roundings.—New York Press. Apftlntiwe and Criticism. It was after the piano recital, and the audience was still applauding. There were two English women, though, who did not clap their hands. But they comthented in tones that were audible for some distance around thus: "The poor man! Will they make him play again?" "Isn't it awful the way the Ameri cans applaud? It's so vulgar!" "Yes it's the most vulgar thing they do." And the Americans took meekly their lesson in manners.—New York Com mercial Advertiser. The ChanKe of a Commit, "Whenever she asks me to do any* thing," soliloquized Mr. Meeker pen sively. "I always go and do It. like a fool." "Yes," said Mrs. Meeker, who hap pened along in time to overhear him. "Whenever I ask you to do anything you always go and do It like a fool."— Chicago Tribune. Candles Nothing elm" w i. to tlii" i''tiiirm of the drawing room or bou'toir its he soft ly ra•! i atit li^tit from OOROOVA Cim'tir-. Nothing will contribut-- more to in artistic S U S S of u i -h v .- tf(i or dinner. The hei-t decorai i\--, candles for the simplest or most elaborate fnn.-tion—for e»t-the ta*e or mansion. Made in all colors and the tno~t .1. 1 i,-at I Kits |,y ST A OA li l» OH. CO. and go!d everywhere. Pioneer Store has iu.'st received an ele gant invoice of Hats and Caps. Also a full line of Ladies and Gents Shoes We can supply you with the best of everything in the way of Dry Goods or Groceries. M. S. Druecker DAKOTA FTRNM That's Our Theme THE DAKOTA FARMER ABERDEEN, 8. D. W. F.T. Buahnell, Managing Editor. With the following Assistants and Regular Contributors. Dairy—Chas. H. Loucks. Agriculture—Prof. J. H. Shepperd. Flock and Fleece—Hon. M. F. Greeley. Horticulture, Forestry—Prof. N. E. Hansen Veterinary—Dr. Chas. N. Ferrier. Besides Prof. Thomas Shaw, Prof. E. A. Burnett, C. E. Kittinger, "Bay Bar ker," Alda M. Miller, Hon. H. C. Warner, J. B. Power, A. Ford, D. Roberts, Alma Cole Pickering, etc. Cur Dakota Farm Brevities Xlie ii partnu-nt established la: fail Is the Bert ttilng jK'ili.-.hpri for the Dakota farmers. It consists of nut les.t than ten oontributionM each isMue, short arvd tit-ii ly, written ty Dakota farmers and their wivef. Every subscriber will be able to read at least Mi JJakota farm brevities each year. Nothing of th* kind is found elsewhere. We jmy out $10 a month in prizes for the best contributions in this depart mi ni, Is Paper for Farmers of and South Dakota! Otir rpRiilar issuon nmlain over eijrhty per ccnt. JJ Ol iifinul matter—every lino of which is written liy pi aetieal 1 'nkota farmers or t-xjx'rimeiiterg. No othijr farm i-ani-r published contains regularly one-tentih SO much original Dakota matter. It has been published under present manajfement over III teen years, ami i" so well ehtiiblistie that it Is no! likely to suspend like nand untried papers. HV lb enption price is 00 per year, payable in advi-icc, b-t by dpeoial arrangement with the pub lifcht are able to offer it ia conncut leu ou r-pw Arrow Shots. I shot an arrow iutu the air, It (ell to the earth I know not wtere. —Longfellow. Only a few people understand more then half of what they read. Stamps without mucilage are not much ahead of none. One almost expects a person from a small town t. use bad grammar. When a man marries the second time, people all recall the nice things he said about his first wife while he was a widower. It is a pretty sure sign that a kid is a girl if it wants its clothes long. We could never see any reason why Bibles should be leather bound. Everyjonce in a while a fellow has has to take a lay-off to do things he been neglecting. Some men always move a chair be fore siting down. Men will come in and get to relating an argument they had and get to talk ing as loud as they did originally. The best time to do a thing is when you first think of it. When some men come back t^at used to live here they act as if they thought folks were glad to see them. When you brag on a man lie is apt to tell you he could have done lots bet ter if he had tried his best. A man never wants his son to learn the trade he has always worked at. We wonder how it feels to be able to say,"we have no debts." It is nearly always when you have left the chairs standing around in the way that you have to get up in the night. We never see a man brush his clothes that we do not make" up our mind to go home and do likewise and straight way break the resolution. A jeweller thinks if you have done without your clock a long time, a while longer won't hurt. Everybody thinks there is always an opening for a newspaper. Most women think they know a good deal about money matters. There is one time when every man is glad that there is a baby in the house and that is when he has to stay at home from church to take care of it. Every man thinks there is an open ing anywhere for any business. Everybody rings the doorbell when the baby sleeps. Plans and specifications fur nished for all kinds of buildings. Estimates given on application. Terms reasonable. NECKWEAR Is always the liuishinjs touch of a well dressed man. We Sell these finishing touches to the most perfect and fas tidious drjssef. In our line will be found none of those nightmares of ira harmonizing colors. We eelect our silks from latest Persian productions and have them made up in tecks, puffs, strings,four in-hand, ascots and hows. They range in price from a quarter to dollar. Everyone a credit to the man that wears them. E. H. JOHNSON & CO., Clothiers, Call on- E. EMANUEL -ior- Baby Carriages, "W^H Paper, 8*AS""Ali of the NKWJEST DESIGNS. If U Thinking of having Photos taken sooa Don't Wait as the tune is pasniiiK swiftlv But Start at without, delay For Eddy's Studio where you will find everything In up to date Photoyrnphv at very moder ate prices. Milbank. Have a very 0 ALEX. MILLER John A. St«»vpn« Walter A. '•tevens STEVENS BROTHNRS, Architects & Builders MILBANK, S. D. I MILBANK, S. D. All kinds of Complete Stock of Groceries In tins line you will find that our Teas, Coffees, Sugars, Dried Fruits, Canned Goods, and all other articles of our staple Groceries are of the best. Dress Goods In our new lines of Dress Goods we can eive sat isfaction in color, qiiiility and price. We have all colors and grades, priccs ranging from 10 eents to $3.00 per yard. Closing Out We nrf closing out our vvinler s'.ock of Clothing, Overcoat*, Overshoes and Rubbers. If you want genuine bargains on these goods come in and see what we have to oiler you. ERLANDSON & JOHNSON. A Bitter Fill is not necessarily a potent one, nor high priced Nelson s hN °Ur Store. 1ri,tf8 anrt avear«t-iuality. fc*7 here will be exactly tus '•Sfci fcs?f and Toflet 4.O You can save money HarJ and Si LUMBER HIN by buying a stove of tilwayg on hand. Peed Ground while you are waiting for it. Gasoline Engine Oil. ohms! j, p. Burkhardt. Aiul Building Material ol every description t:an be secured at HEINS, NEUENBCRG COMPANY. et & Medicines the beet. Our prices are less than the ordinary Drugstore figure. ft!-:' are the doctor orders and will do all he expecta. of more than Ihc Jru«s art fresh aud efficient aud Prescription* Fitted fc? W J. S. FARLEY. 4 Wish to call attention to their Urge and varied Bopplv of PickleH, Mustard, Table sauce which ia handled in connection with tneimmence slock of Fresh and Salt Meat olall kinds always on hand. Seliad & Co. L. Ecker.. Wood and Coal I am prepared to supply Hard and Soft Coal and the different kinds of Wood,at lowest rates. Call on lue and I will verily this .itatt'tiicnt M. L. ECK.EE. I!