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'. 1. .V v*" s®/ HEWS BRIEFLY TOLD 4MTSLLIGENCE GATHERED HERE COVERS WIDE A&CA. OUTER OR LESSER IMPORT •Includes What It Going O* tt Wash ington and in Other Sections of the Country. Menta/at's state-wide prohibition law went into effect lit luidmght Mon day, It?cember '0. 9 Another attempt to legalize boxing lp» Nebraska will be made by spurt promoters when the state legislature convenes this month. Report* reaching the public health «fvlce at Washington .show that Vptinixh influenza is «m ttw decline throughout the country. U Sfee Iowa Teachers' association has demanded thut. use of "foreign '«1B gu»ge*" as a ineiiiutn of instruction in Iowa schools be prohibited, Storing tlx week ended Pecember 2(», 7,468 wounded and sick soldiers were landed in the Tinted States from the American expeditionary forces. finely Sam will sell nearly 45,000 horse* mid mules at cam]** and can tonments on the four Tuesday* iti Jbiiuury, to help the spring plowing. NupoTeoto Lujoie, for twenty years MBceded to be one of the world's greatest infielders, lias announced his retirement front professional b*«eball. The cost of living in New York Mate Imis Increased 62 per cent since 1914. according to figures made pub lic by the consumers' league of New T«rk. The ywtofflof department atmmwe et! thai it had turned back to the war fhittirtment about WO le ilaviland uirpkutem aa unwuited Cur curr'iutf nail. 0 Iteports received from Germany in tflcMte tint the present government there is to constitute a federal repub lie on virtually the same plan as the Vuited States. The 1010 war savings campaign will tie wpehed actively by a nationwide celebration. January 17, the anniver sary at the Mrth of Benjasata Frwik »a. 0 0 0 1'resident Lunger of tlij| Equitable Wfe lnsurartee company estimates that IntlueiiKi hks thus far cost life Insurance companies in the United CUutea «3UKJU,000. Homes of three judges all Philadel phia were partially destroyed by Shrapnel lMmhs. The outrages were MtftpoHed to have been committed by anarchisrs. No one was seriously In jured by the explosions. Representative Johnson of angfc -T if" t- !^S«»uth Dakota lias axked the War department Siul Julius Kalnt, ranking republican Htemlier of the boute military commit ire, for an Investigation of the treat ment accorded sick and wounded sol Ihm A Mil is to be presented to the Tda ko legislature providing that, all per •wns over-16 years of age in the state mho cannot read or write the Krigllsl. language, shall Attend night school for certain nuasber of hoars each school faar until socb knowledge is attained. 0 0 0 Sixty airplanes of the Folcker type fcave arrived la Coblens hy special trala front Berlin. They were tiie HAM of 2U0 airplanen which are lo be turned over to the Ainerlnm forces In Cnhlm la accordance with tbe «r* mistlce. Jacques Stern, member of the Preach Chamber of deputies, estimate* ftfcs* the total war expenses of France Utijlrt reach 250.000.000.000 francs Of Oreat llrlinln *1.000.000.000 «ad of Belgium 20.000.000.000 Thu*. Inm. the alliea coukl ask from tifeOttaay 470.GQ0,000.000 francs ($94.- ftecretary of th# Navy Taniels told aaval affair* committee that a jt^ague of natioba. or other Aat will make certain the MffiMi of International armament led. the United States mnst ttm greatest navy in the world. alAlfd that President Wih-on wij^ Wa views, V iai ¥hlir tefilHltttet order regarding 9f allver dievmoi) in de -«^''tion« 4«it -then* day. ivy#, i. rn Ui M. aaaociatloa tea jto faahakala a' lob darlag the •MVHbty \V.ii' sMvinzs stamps in ihc iliu' "t S.'WJ.OOO nul souie cash, wvre Mulyn ironi the snfe of tha '.rei'lcy, Colo. posttdice u' The War department announced that 1"»0 Aiiierit-iin connnissloned ofllcers of the air service were killed in action in France iu 11)18. The 22nd annual convention of the American National Live Htocn associa tion. will be held at Denver, January 21 to 23. Russian refugee* at 'openhagen r» |f»rt that I^udendorlt has arriveii in Kussia and will take over command or* the soviet army. Thfrty-ftvp sailors on leave from warships in harbor at New York ,vere robbed of all their money ar. res»rt to which they were enticed. The department of agrleiilmro ha recommeixled to congress leuislat'nai to Insure payment of the $2.20 u i»uMi el guaranteeti price for the 10?H \»cai crop. Fighting between the Poles and ieniMiis in Poseu resulted in thirty eight women and children and about 100 Germans and Polanders being killed. The nuinl ipal *ouncil of Paris haf decided to ask the government t*» take stejrs toward ihe holding of an Inter allied colonial exposition In Paris in P.I20 or 1J21. Sailing of three transports and of three battleships serving as trans |M»rts. bringing back 7.700 troops from rance. wa» announced by the War de partment. 0 The Aero Club of America ha* awarded its war medal and diploma to Captain Jame* Norrnnn Mali of Col fax. la., and four other American aviators. Announcement wa* made In the French ehainlcr of deputies that France's losses in officers and men killed up to Nov. 1 of the present year aggregated 1,071 *.. General Pershing has issued an or der to all American commanders to co operate fully with the French govern ment in measures against excessive use of alcoholic liquors. Capt. llohart A. II. Baker, the fam ous Princeton athlete, known in his college days as "Hobey" Baker, an aviator in the American army in Prance, was killed in the fall of his plane. Premier Ltsyd George and foreign Secretary Balfour have publicly de clared President Wilson's visit to Lon don had resulted in a complete under standing between Great Britain and America. Sixty-two lyachings took place la the United Stute* in 1918. The total, which includes f»8 negroes and four white persons, is an increase of 21 over last year. Five of the number were woiueu. Election results in Great Britain siiow that the Lloyd George coalition has won 519 smts in the house of commons out of a membership of 707. Tbe Sinn Feiners have elected 70 member* and labor 7.~. The approximate estimate of the loss of life in the war is placed nt r».730.f»04. divided as follows: British, 700.726 French, 1.071..-HI0: American. IVS.47S Unssian. 1,700.000 Austrian. 800,000 German, l,(i00.000. A resolution proposing that an ar»ny of allied and I'nited State* troop* tri umphantly enter Berlin to impr"s upon tbe mind* of the Germans the fact that Germany has been decisively defeated, has been introduced in con gress. Deportation of ftiost of tiim $010 or 4.000 enemy aliens now interned In the United States will be recommend ed to congress shortly h.v the JVparr merit of Justice. Special legislation will he rc|uired for the deportations and for authority to prevent the re^ entry of Ihese men into this country. The banquet tendered President and Mr*. Wilson at the Buckingham pal ace. London. Is *aid to have been a scene of splendor never before equal ed. Kvery royal formality which had attended epochal occasion* at the pal ace for two or three hundred years wn* carried oat before and during the banquet, fn the dip'" *alon was a great collection of solid gold nlate and huge gold ornaments valued at $15. 000.000. 0 President and Mrs. Wilson were given n welcome at London uneqnaled la the history of the British capital. In a driving! snow storm. Jen of America's great battleships reached New York after 18' months' service overseas. The home-coming' vessels were given a welcome nnequalled in the history of Now York Sty. The ships which arrived are: Pennsyl vania. New York. Texas, Nevada. Ar kwm*» Florida. Wjraminf. Utah, Ok- WEST DAKOTA LAND OECIDEO MOVEMENT TOWARD THAT SECTION OF TWt STATE. Tks demand tor lands to the west ern part of South Dakota in growing. That Is the one section of the state In which what might be called cheap lands are yet to be had in the state, and a number of transfer* are being made all over the *ect.ion west of the Missouri. Outside of the direct Sale* being made, there are numerous in quiries as to the lands of that part of the state, and many residents of the eastern section are disposing of their holdings and reinvesting in the west ern part. Taken altogether the out look is for a larger increase in actual settlement of the west half of the state this year than at. any time for years. The homestead rush, of course, took a larger number of people into that sec tion, but many of them had no idea of making that section their homes when they located, while the movement, of this year i* that of ac tual homeseeker* taking advantage of land prices which appear to be at tractive to them, and which the man with average means can meet. The following recommendations for suggested changes in the school laws were discussed by the teachers at their recent meeting: Professional life cer tificates to college graduates: 36 weeks of professional training for all begin ning teachers normal course to be prescribed by the state department n connection with fourth year high school work: in view of the establish ment of the high school normal course, the elimination of the two-year ele mentary normal course rural one teacher schools and consolidated schools to be standardized under rules to be furnished by the department cf public instruction state aid for the standardized schools standardization of all high schoAls dther than consol idated schools under rules devised by the state educational department state aid for such schools fleld deputy and office clerk for county superinten dents with living wage for each. Recent reports sent from tha cen tral part of the state were to the ef fect that a representative of the old Maxwell Mennonite colony, which moved from South Dakota to western Canada some months ago, had arrived in South Dakota for the purpose of striving to purchase back the colony lands In this state, the inference being that the colonists had decided to re turn to South Dakota. Rev. Paul Stahl of the Tschetter colony, denies these reports, stating that the colon ists had purchased a very fine tract of land in Canada, consisting of several thousand acres, and had no intention of returning to South Dakota. The old misunderstanding regarding the closing of the season for shooting ducks is again being discussed. This question comes up every year as many hunters get the dates confused. There is a conflict in dates between the state and federal laws. Under the state law the open season is from September 10 to December 20 which under the federal laws the season does not open until the 16th of September and closes on the 31st day of December. While the state law forbids the shooting of ducks after December 20, the federal law per mits shooting of ducks until the 3ist. but hunters must obey the state law or take the consequences. The extent to which the names of American towns which bore German names have been changed was noted by Depot Agent Landmark, in chsrge of the Hudson station of the Milwau kee railroad company, when examining new railway guides which have just been Issued by his company. Among the change* noted by him were the fol lowing: Berlin. Ind., railway office closed Berlin, la., name changed to Lincoln Germantown. Kan., changed to Mercler Berlin, Mich., office clos ad Germantown, Tenn.. changed to Neshobe West Berlin, Vt., changed to Riverton Krupp, Wis., ahanged to •Marlin. The summary report of grain yields for Yankton county, as compiled by the farm bureau, shows the following returns for the 191g season Wheat. 448,292 bushels from 24,525 acres 1. 679,637 bushels of oats, 4,506 bushel* of rye, 34,470 bushels of barley, 7 bushels of peas, 368 bi^hels of flax, 2,426 bushels of spelt, 4 bushels buck wheat, 84 bushels sweet clover, I bushels of cane, 5 bushels of millet, 9 bushels of alfalfa. In comparison with 1917, the yield of wheat shows a gain of 282,835 bushels. Announcement is made by the Aberdeen Commercial club that that city will not this winter tender a re ception and banqtiet to legislators from the northern part of the state as they gather in the city on their way to the state capital. In times past, for the last 18 years, a banquet has been given the legislators two or three nights before the time of the opening session of the. legislature. The di rectors of th« Commercial club decid ed not to give the banquet and recep tion this year owiag to the prevalence of influenza in th* state. German helmet sent to L. H. Woodworth, of Webster, by Lars Sand, who is serving in France, is something of a novelty and evidently was worn, by a German sniper, for tt Is painted in various colors in. an at tempt at camouflage. Another helmet aent by Sand carries a good-sized mark made by a bullet, which no doubt waa fired from aa American gun. Rev. K. 8. Horton, pastor of oaa of tha Parker ch arches, has accepted the position of deputy county treasurer of Turner couaty uadet the aew county treasurer. THE HERALD ADVANCE It is expected that the "investigation by officers of the federal food admin istration of butter prices in Iowa will be extended to South L*akota within a short time. Retail prices of butter in Sioux Falls and other points in South Dakota have very materially increased during the past month, butter now selling at the hfghest prices ever com manded in the state. According to thi manufacturers there was a large de crease in the production of butter for storage purposes because of an alleg ed shortage of help during tbe sunt? mer months. They also claim that lack of pasturage among dairymen made it necessary to use high priced feed in order to keep the creameries supplied. It is believed, however, that with the announcemeat that butter prices may be investigated by federal agents that the South Dakota manu facturers of butter may find a way to adjust the retail market conditions «o that the consumer may be able to pur chase butter at fair price. Owing lo the present high prices numerous con sumers are using butter substitutes, whieli can be purchased at about one half the price charged for reamery butter. It would aot be aecessary to go back very many ya»ra to find the time when a traveler in the west part of the slate could make the trip from the Missouri river to the Black Hills and not see a hog on the trip. The rancher had no use for these animals, as it meant raising corn in his mind, and no farming was dpsirer. Just a few days ago there was shipped out of Pierre two train loads of hogs. While most of these shipments are of corn fed hogs, the west river rancher is learning that corn raising is not necessary for profitable hog raising. All he needs is a good alfalfa pasture, on which the hogs thrive and make a rapid growth, and while such pasture does not put the animals in shape for the market it gives them a good market price in the corn belt farther south, and they are picked up at a good profit to the breeder to be finish ed for market by the corn raisers. All of which means that the west country will increase its hog production every year under the conditions which they can most easily handle. Arrangements have been completed for the sixth annual exhibition of the Northwest Poultry association, which will be held in Wratertoo on January 3. 4. 5, 6 and 7. Three hundred dollars in prizes will be offered. The exhibit is expected to be the largest and best in the history of the association. The judging will be done by G. D. II olden, of Owatonna. Minn., one of the oldest and ablest judges of the fine points of poultry to be found in America, la addition to the 11 classes for chickens there will be classes for turkeys, ducks, geese, guinea fowls aaC pigeons, ribbita, hares and cavies. las Thirteen months ago City Commit sioner Joseph Henlrfn. of Madison, mailed a draft to his mother, whose residence is or was in the province of Paltova, in Russian Ukrasia. The letter now has been returned to Mr Henkin marked "service suspended.*' Just where the letter was for IS months without leaving the Cnitec States is a mystern known only to the proper officials of the postal serv ice. Because of the cutting off e« mail service to the Ukraine, as this wouki indicate. Henkin's mother i* minus a helpful remittance of several hundred rubles. Aberdeen is informally enrolled aa a candidate for the pleasure of ten i dering a reception and Welcome horns to South Dakota's soldiers at a time sometime not too far in the future when the state's soldiers who hav* fought in the world war have in the main returned home and gathere foi a reunion. Steps to extend an invita tion to the soldiers to hoftl their first state reunion in Aberdeen have been taken, and there is no doubt but that Aberdeen will be a strong contendet for the honor at the proper time. The Hen that gets out the fashion plates it August. September or early October and dreasee up in swell new winter costume is Invariably a pool layer, fhe profltble poultry raiser will have culled these birds eat of his flock. sa}s K L. Dakan. head of th« poultry department at South Dakota State eolege. Mr. Daken iaet fall culled a lock of 5N trap-nested kens none of *4ich he knew the yearly egf record. Ik comparing records it wai found thai! in every instance the earl moulter u^s a poor layer. When bits for inherited Indian lands were openid at Greenwood they Indi cated a substantial demand for the land. Abon 250 bids were submitted: The land slid for from 990 to 9137.5C an acre. Ihe total amount realized was $322,511. Bona fide homemaketa procured thi greater share of the land Heretofore k sales of this kind the speculator has been a prominent figure. Pat Ryan js the name given by aa individual wlo has disappeared aftei victimizing slveral Carthage baslnesa men by meat* of forged chocks. Ths authorities ibw are conducting a search for hini He secured about |30Q on the checksland then fled, it speed ily developing that the checks were worthless. George Patt ty. has probab of the state fo this year, selli been akunk, far: for several year business was among bis neig! ef Bonhomme conn the Individual reoord ikuak kldee marketed eighty-els. He had ling on a small scale hand decided that the lot popular enough »ors to continue. Following fa summary of thresh ers* reports fori Turner county, -for 1918: Wheat, 2B.371 bushels oats, 3,242,869 hnshels barley. M2,4tt bush- eys rye. 10.169 bkhels. The estimat ed yield of corn !ak«4S,m bushels, 49 taubels to the acitoa UMM aent. FEWFREAKSTYLE& Dignity and Simplicity in Both Line and Color. Velvets Much in Evidence for Indoor Gowns aa Well aa for the Street Frock. It is interesting to note that there are few freak styles in women's wear ing apparel or absurd creations to' catch the attention this season, but rather a determined effort to express dignity and simplicity, both in line and color. The street frocks and suits, says it fashion writer, are of somber, neutral tone, and often trimmed with fur in harmonizing or contrasting tint. Th fur forms the collar and cuffs, and when used on the skirt or tunic i generally put on in patches. Take, for instance, a smart street frock of beaver color duvetyn with its patches of heaver, trimming tlv panels that hang from the waistline at the back and front. The cuffs and high collar .are also of the beaver. The lower pari of the bodice is inset with a square of embroidery in brown i and dull gold thread. Directly at the front and back underneath the two fur-trimmed panels is a larger panel of the material, decorated at the hem with cord tucking. Another extremely smart frock is' of oroun velveteen, trimmed with nu* tria. model is made with a long tunic, whi^b is slit at the sides and trimmed at the v.dges with nutria. The tunic is set on to a loose-fitting back, which is drawn in slightly at the waist line with a sash, which encircles the waist, crossing at the front and loosely at the back, the ends being finished with tassels. The large collar, cuffs and the draped toque are of nutria. Velvets are being used more and more for indoor gQwns, as well as for the street frock. Many beautiful din ner gowns are fashioned from velvet Fur Cuffs and Cellar. in the softest and most supple of weaves. These lovely velvets drape, but do not crush, a rare attribute in any fabric of this natnrfe. Often georgette crepe or chiffon is used in combination with the velvet. The crepe or chiffon, for instance, may form the sleeves and part of the bodice while the velvet is used as a part of the bodice and skirt. Or the crepe may form an overtunic, as in the case of one lovely model, and the underskirt of velvet. USE OF FUR FOR TRIMMING Stylish Decoration Figures Conspicu ously on Majority of Winter Suits and Wraps. Almost every suit or wrap this win ter has its bit of fur trimming. In some instances the fur trimming forms almost half the garment. A lovely wrap recently seen was of henna red velours with an enormous beaver col lar which when opened formed a cape effect. A deep band of the beaver trimmed the coat at the lower part, extending up one-third of the coat length. The accompanying hat was of beaver decorated with a feather orna ment of henna red. Jaunty little Eton coats of fur often complete a costume of cloth. An ex ample is a costume of soft, watm wool velours, which has almost the warmth of a wrap which may be made com fortable enough for even average win ter weather by the addttion of a smart little coat of fur. Narrow bands of the for could be used to trim the frock. Different Aprons. There ia infinite variety of aprons they are either of chiffon embroidered like the front of the corsage, which continues In two points' around the waist, or else they are made with a dchu to match, no aa to connect with (fee waist SMAPT BLACK VELVET TAW This chic black velvet tam, witl* white wool embroidery, will appeal to many to whom this sort of headgear is becoming. SOME MODES OF THE MOMENT Most Decided Changes in Newest Cre ations Are Presented in Collar Arrangements. One of the modes of the moment i^ the curious assembling of different fabrics for the fashioning of one gar ment. Thus a black satin afternoon frock has been richly trimmed with» soft white Angora cloth, and this ii* turn has been thickly beaded with jet. The frock shows a criss-cross of the beaded white Angora forming a trim ming for the narrow skirt, a curious belt arrangement, not straight around the waist, but higher at one side and slanting diagonally across the front of the skirt. The sleeves are long nnt tight, ornamented at the waist with the white fuzzy stuff and the beads, and the neck is high and finished wit I* one of the new very high collars made of the white material, one end being left leng like a scarf, thrown over one shoulder and finished with a long jet tassel. The most decided changes in any of the newest creations are presented in the collar arrangements. Very high collars with thrown ends appear on many frocks. Often they are knotted on the neck of tbe dres9, a heavy silk thread of a bright and beautiful color being used. This sort of collar appears on a blue coat dress. The collar is of Belgian blue, knitted round and round, so that a sort of small yoke is formed at the top of the waist, narrowing into a hisrh collar which ends in a throw at one side. Touches of the blue threads have been knitted at intervals across thi* front of the bodice to brighten it, and a long sash is knitted at one «ide ol the skirt. SIMPLICITY IN SPRING WEAR Lack of Display Promises to Be Espe cially Noticeable in Latest Models of Apparel. Fashion designers seen# at last t* have been converted to a realization of the power and beauty of simplicity. As everyone knows, says a fashiot, writer, simple language is most con vincing, and the house built on lines of simple dignity at once advertiser Its occupants as people of culture andi refinement. Why then should the in dividual woman elect to wear clothe« that are over ornate either in styl* line or decorative features? Apparet is properly meant to emphasize the good points of the Individual it cov ers, rather than that the individuality of womun be submerged and her for mi serve merely as a foundation for thfc display of rich garments. In the development of early spring: styles the leaning to simple garments Is especially noticeable. Of course the very first of the spring garments are bought by those fortunate ones who flee to Southern resorts to es cape the rigors of the Northern o* Western winter. In suits nnd coat* sport suggestions usually lead. CHANGE IN POST FAVORITES Roses, Chrysanthemums and Carna tion* Are Given Preference Over Beautiful Camellias. Camellias are wonderfully beautifui flowers, but recently fashion has de manded roses, chrysanthemums and carnations to the exclusion of camel lias, and florists bow to fashion for purely financial reasons. Camellias are excellent plants foi the cool greenhouse. Once they were the aristocrats of flowers in America occupying the position that orchids dm now. They are no less beautiful no\r than then and there is no reason why amateurs should not grow them. Blooming, as they do in the late au tumn, winter and early spring, they supply bloom at a time when flower* are scarce. With a little care camellias can' be grown in the window garden where the temperature Is not too high and the atmosphere not too dry. Camellias Heed a cool, motet placer where the temperature dees not gt over 00 or 55 degrees Fahrenheit, an| fresh air should be admitted as often as possible without lowering the teos» perature.