Mr. Uosseter has decided ideas on
•the training of young Americans for
seafaring and for steamship opera
tion. He has tried out many of these
ideas in a practical way through his
.management of the Pacific Mail Steam
ship company, one of the largest ship
ping interests operating from the
TO CARRY CADETS
Training System of Shipping
Board to Be Extended to
STUDY FOR I1IGO PUCES
Young Men Wil! Learn the Road to
the Quarter Deck and Counting
Room—High Class of Sea
Washington.—Apprentices and cadet
'iflicers will he placed on all large ves
-els of till- American merchant marine,
to be trained for higher places, much
the same as sailor boys were trained
10 become officers and shipping mer
chants in the early days of American
seagoing, according to a plan to he
put into execution at once, by the
I'nited States shipping board.
The basis of this plan is a system
.if individual training on shipboard
for American youth capable of rising
through instruction to a .shipping ca
reer, the ultimate goal of which is the
position of shipmaster, steamship
itrent or manager, or trade representa
tive at home or abroad in the great
program of commercial expansion by
*ea by which the country is to keep
•lusy its vast merchant fleet.
The plan has been devised as an ex
tension of the wartime sy.-tem of
"raining conducted by the board,
iirough which large numbers of Amer
an lads were given brief intensive
schooling on training ships, before be
ng sent to sea.
For Commercial Service.
This finished product is expected to
ainttire in tlie form of aide seamen of
high type, petty officers, deck and
'ngine-room oflieers—all Americans—
as well as a needed supply of young
•:nen experienced in sea-going and car
eo-handlftig, who ran be further
trained in steamship offices and export
ing and importing business houses,
with a view to later commercial serv
ice connected with shipping.
It was this system of training that
enabled early merchants of Salem and
Huston to outstrip all rivals in foreign
trade, and make themselves and their
In thus extending its present train
ing service—which continues as here
tofore under the direction of Henry
Howard of Boston—the shipping hoard
has the benefit of experience in train
ing cadets at sea gained by its new
11 rector of operations, John H. Hos
seter of San Francisco,
American West coast to the Orient,
South Seas and South America.
At the conclusion of a recent con
ference at Washington of shipping
*»oard officials interested in develop
ing the training plans of the board un
br peace conditions, Mr. Itosseter
expressed his views on the subject at
length. Later he embodied them io
•lie following interview:
High Class of Seaman Wanted.
"Shipping men are agreed that if at
cikimeut of our new and enlarging in
terest in foreign commerce is to be se
cured, we must certainly have a very
high class of American merchant sea
men the same kind we have so ad
mirably developed for our navy.
"We all know of the higher social
standard that naturally prevails in
this country and, ptysonally. I would
say that I would not only accept the
present standards, but I am disposed
'to go a step further, because that is
the tendency and if we are to get
.-'good men and train them to he good
seamen and then good officers, we
iinust see that they are placed under
such environment as will naturally
evolve into condition of their being
SHOES FOR THE DESTITUTE BELGIANS
The girl In this photograph is seen near the summit of an enormous pile
•of shoes donated by people all over the United States for the destitute people
•of Belgium. The shoes are at a warehouse In Newark, N. J., which l» the
distributing center of thousands of toils of doting for the Belgian*.
US18.104.22.168.9.S tj?.* SUtfiAS
2 DAD AND 3 SONS FIGHT j°
2 UNDER GEN. PERSHING
Natiek, Mass.—Martin Neary jo
this town, whose three sons
are members of Cefieral I'er- A*
shing's forces in
hiiriself in Pershing's command
on the plains of Arizona during &
the Indian campaigns. Pershing
was then second lieutenant of a S
cavalry trooj and Neary was a o
foreign representatives in com
mercial and industrial lines, and
agents on the staffs of the steamship
lilies at home and in foreign ports,
"I regard the recruiting service of
(the shipping board as something that
is to produce for the mercantile ma
°f the United States a substantial
I type of men of the seamen's class that
i will be officers later on, men who can
So abroad arid learn the business and
carry the American interests with
"I want to make seagoing Just as
attractive as I possibly can. I want
to attract to it the hoys who come
from colleges, and who know how to
swim and play baseball. I want to
make conditions aboard ship such that
they will feel it is the best destiny
they can find.
"The men we want to attract to the
sea, I feel, are the men such as we
remember ourselves in our school days
—nice, clean boys, who had good
homes, and who were leaving home
amid the old family discussion as to
whether they would be bankers, insur
ance men, retail merchants, or what
not. I want to add to that list the
very important and very alluring oc
cupation of the pursuit of the sea.
"When we ask American boys to
come aboard ship, we certainly must
all recognize that we have got to as
sure them of quite a different condi
tion than has existed in foreign com
merce during the past thirty years
I might say. unhappily existed."
THEFT OF HOUSE CHARGEO
Contractor Is Brought Into Court Ac
cused the Larceny of a Dwell
Medford. Mass.—Charged with the
larceny of a dwelling house, Clarenee
McLean, a building wrecker, has been
brought into court by Mrs. Mary J.
(iilleland, owner u£ the property. Ac-
Few Hundreds Only Are Suffering
From War's Stranp
SHELL SHOCK HITS
RESTORED BY PEACE
AM Victims Will Be Completely Re
covered in a Year, Says Surgeon
General's Office—Less Than
1,000 Cases to Be Treated.
Washington.—Fear that the nation
will have a big problem on its hands
in the care of soldiers suffering from
shell shock fs utterly without foun
dation, declared Col. Peace Uaiiey of
the surgeon general's office. Amplify
ing the statement before the senate
military committee that hundreds of
victims of the strange disease actually
recovered at the signing of the armis
tice, Colonel Bailey expressed the
opinion that so far as present knowl
edge of the malady indicates, practi-
9 Western N*ws|Mip«r Cntoo
MISS ELIZABETH WALKER
THE HERALD ADVANCE
one of the handsomest of the debu
tantes of this winter's social season in
cording to the evidence submitted Mc
Lean negotiated with Mrs. (iilleland
for the dismantlement of the house, af
ter it had been condemned by a build
ing inspector. Mrs. (iilleland denied
that such a^i arrangement had been
made and charged that McLean "stole
the house." The court continued the
case to give the principals an oppor
tunity to adjust the matter between
BRITISH GIRLS ARE TRAINED
Food Ministry Prepares Young Women
Employees for Commercial
London.—Hundreds of girls em
ployed at the ministry of food regis
tration clearing house are .receiving in
structions during working hours for
commercial careers. The Loudon
county council has taken charge of
their education and each girl is given
one and a quarter hours every day ex
cept Saturday for instruction arid
Classes are held three times a di'.y.
The girls are from sixteen to eighteen
There are classes In bookkeeping
French and shorthand, and the girls
ar«.' also given the choice of recreation
classes in elocution and singing.
cally all victims of shell shock should
be completely recovered within a year,
the great majority in a much shorter
Less Than Thousand Cases.
Reports received here aiv that there
are now less than a thousand eases
of shellNhock to be treated, thanks to
the improved methods by which the
I'nited States army combated the af
fliction. Preparations had been made
to take cure of 12,."00 case*, sent to this
side by March 1, but since hostilities
ceased word from France shows there
are only cases there requiring
treatment in this country. There are
probably abouL the same number en
It is accepted here that the drop ill
the expected number el" sufferers was
due directly to the news of 'Jermany's
surrender. The only explanation for
this is the removal from the sufferers
of apprehension that they would
again be subjected to an ordeal that,
acting on the minds, actually twisted
their bodies cut of shape.
Serious as have been the ravages of
shell shock among the troops, said
Colonel Bailey, described by Surgeon
(jeneral Ireland as one of the coun
try's leading psychiatrists, the United
Slates forces have not suffered to the
extent those of the other allies have.
This is due largely to the fact that 9H
per cent of the cases developing have
been cured in the field hospitals by the
prompt treatmen: provided.
ven Special Treatment.
The more seriously afflicted are
brought to this country and sent to
Plattsburg, N. JT., where there is a
special hospital of beds. Within
a short time alter admiilance most
patients avow they are regaining tiieir
normal condition, and after observa
tion indicates rhat this is so, they are
removed to a casual detachment at the
hospital for brief additional observa
tion. When it is evident they have
recovered th«f are sent to camps near
their homes be mustered out.
The rapidity with which cases are
being clearei through Plattsburg con
vinces Coloiel Bailey that there will
be few perpanently disabled by the
disease. TJis Is in marked contrast
to the sitiation in England where
there are 2),000 shell shock victims on
the pensioi rolls.
Colonel Bailey revealed that, con
trary to tie general belief, shell shock
does not lecessarily come from heavy
cannonadng. Proof of this is found
in the /aft that from 10 to li! per cent
of the cisualties in the Chateau Thi
erry fighting were shell shock, most of
these mm having been exposed only
to mach.ne gun Are.
THE CANOE BIRCH.
"A canoe was being put away for
the season." said Daddy, "and after
the ciiuoe was hanging upside down in
nice old cellar which was not too
near u furnace, and yet not too damp,
some little brownies jumped upon it.
"It was covered over with rugs and
was well cared for. It would not
need any attention throughout the win
"We would like to have a talk with
you.' said Hi I lie Brownie.
"'I'd like to have a talk with you,
too,* said the canoe.
"'We can understand you, for we're
brownies.* said Billie.
'Yes, we're very much like fairies,'
said Bennie Brownie, 'except tliat fair
ies are beautiful and we are funuy and
round and fat.'
'That makes no difference,' said
"'Thank vou,' said Billie Brownie.
"'Thank you,' said Bennie Brownie.
come along too said in their most po
lite tones, 'We also thank you.'
"'Then I'm being well thanked,*
said the canoe, 'and that is nice—for
I like to be thanked when I have said
something polite. Tfs a bit ban! for
"I Have a Very Pleasant Life."
a canoe to be polite, you know. A
canoe can go through the water so
easily when people paddle it, and a
canoe is very useful and lots of fun
If it is properly understood, but it
isn't the habit of a canoe to make
'It was most good you to make
the effort,' said Bane brownie, bowing
'It was extremely kind of you,'
said Bennie Brownie.
"'We think-you are ft kind and po
lite canoe,' said the other little brown
'Well,' said Billie Brownie, after a
pause, and after they had all chosen
places about the canoe so they could
hear its story, 'won't you tell us all
about yourself. We have heard that
you came from a tree.'
'I did,' said the canoe. 'I came
from the Canoe Birch tree. 'There are
many kinds of birch trees, but m.v
family belonged to the Canoe Birch
tree family. I'm so glad I belonged
to that family, for we are so use
"'Now I have had a useful am:
very pleasant life as a canoe. The
people who own me are so fond of me.
They won't let holes get Into my
sides by running me up on rocky
shores. They are careful oi' me. They
like me and they want to keep me a
long, long time.
"'You see,' the canoe continued
•the Canoe Birch tree family can dc
many things. People cai^get delicious
sirup from our sap. They can make
wooden shacks out of us, too—and ol
course, as you know, they can get
canoes from us.
The partridges enjoy our buds,
but most of all are useful to men
for we can be made into so many
things. But best of ail, the very best
of all, to my canoe mind, is that we
can be made into wonderful bail
"'That's fine,' said Billie Brownie
'I had no idea your family could do sc
many things and that so much coulc
be made out of -you and your rela
'I beg your pardon,' said the canoe
•but my relatives are different. They
are the other birch trees, and some o
my relatives can't do much of any
thing. such as the White Birch fam
ily, for example.
'They don't live long, they must
have swampy ground, and they aren't
at all useful. Although.' the canoe add
ed. 'I must say one thing. The White
Birch family will grow In ugly place*
where there have been fires and
where the land looks shabby.
'But am glad that I belong to thr
Birch family, or that I did belong tn
it—for we are considered the finest
members of the whole Birch Tree fam
"'Often some branches of m.v fam
ily are thrown into a merry bonfire,
and how gayly they crackle ant
burn, and hovv they do add to an au
tumn bonfire party.'
'Well, we're delighted to havf
heard about you,' said Billie Brownie.
"'And we thank you most extremely
for telling us your history,' added Ben
nie Brownie, as they all said good-by
and left the canoe for its winter's
iCopfttgbt. t»18, Western Newspaper lislos.
A man likes to concentrate bl» mind
hut he tries to be very careful not tc
American's Tribute to Soldier of
Victor Pronounced Typical Member ol
That Wonderful Body of Men
Which Has Made French Mili
tary History Gloriotii.
have Just seen a legionnaire. lie
happened to be of my company, the
Seventh. "Do you know that Victor
is dead?" lie asked. It seemed to me
almost impossible. The legion without
Victor! I asked how he had died.
"He was killed, but he gave them
was the answer. Of course he
did that was his habit. »"I am one
of the five who are left," continued my
In April we were 120 strong. There
may be more now, but they must be
recruits. Victor a short time ago cap
tured ten (Ioniums ami received the
military medal. Now he is dead, at
his post, writes Algernon Sartorls in
Chicago Daily News.
Sergeant Bouligny. an American le
gionnaire, has a snapshot of Victor.
Fnderneath is written: "A typical le
gionnaire." Victor was a Breton, horn
in Morlaix. He was tattooed all over.
There was nothing in his military note
book save records of his numerous
campaigns. He was a soldier, pure
and simple. As Bouligny says, he was
typical of all that was best In the le
gion—courage, honesty, bravery. His
history was written in his heart, lie
wore the medals of Morocco, Tonkin,
the war cross with several palms and
finally the military medal—a glorious
record. Victor acted always as a
stimulant he was always gay and al
On one of our long marches he saw
that I was suffering. He came to me
and offered to carry my haversack In
addilion to his own. I declined his
offer, but his courage apd kindness
went to my heart, and in spite of sore
feet I arrived in Mount Melon with
my company, thanks to Victor.
Among the soldiers Victor's name
was proverbial for gallantry. On the
banks of the fetid rivers of Annatn,
on the burning sands of Morocco, Vic
tor was there. In the mud and mire
of the trenches of France he was also
there. Always 'kind, always thought
ful of others! Simple and unaffected,
he related deeds of valor that would
move a stone deeds that would
tory of France.
I asked his comrade how many
Bodies Victor got. He answered:
"When 1 last saw him he was whirl
ing his gun about his head. There
were about a dozen dead Bodies
around him. I think an officer killed
him with a revolver I couldn't swear
to it, but I think so."
When I last saw Victor in Paris a
little while ago I asked him how he
had won his military medal. "In a
tit of bravery," lie answered. Victor
was always having those fits of
bravery they are common in the le
Now he is dead on some lotielv bat
tlefield. hut his is the death that he
would have asked. In the words of
(Jen. de Castelman: "It is the best
possible death." the only possible death
for such as be.
Wrong Kind of Animal.
This is the latest Paris boulevard
llindcnhurg died, uutl since he was
a marshal lie went to heaven. But
the Uerman fuucliouary at the door
said to him:
"Marshal, you must enter on a
Ilindenhurg descended to hunt for
a horse and encountered the Herman
"So you'r^ dead, too?" he said,
"Yes." responded the kaiser's son,
"T ate too much Holland cheese. But
show me the door io heaven, where,
naturally, I go."
Hindenburg took the crown prince
by the arm and they got in line be
hind the other heaven-hound pilgrims.
The line moved up and finally they
reached the door where the (Jerman
functionary again blocked Hinden
"Marshal," he said, "I told you to
get a horse, not «n asm."
Doomed to Disappointment.
On a train, a few evenhigs ago, two
business men were discussing the din
ing car service which has been es
tablished by the railroad administra
tion, when the negro waiter came tc
takV their order.
"How is this dinner tonight—an
you proud of it?" one of the 'men asked
"Well." he said, "I ain't ashamed of
it—exactly. If a gentleman is hungry
enough it will taste good. If he is not
very hungry, he will not like it, per
haps. And If he is very hungry so
that he likes It, he will still be hungry
when lie eats all we bring him."
"If I'm not hungry 1 can't eat the
stuff, and if I am. I'll not have
enough?" repeated the
The waiter grinned.
Find Steel Ladle in Oak Tree.
A Steel ladle, seven inches ling, sup
posed to have been used by Indians In
melting lead for bullets many years
ago. was found Imbedded in the heart
of a red oak tree sawed up for fire
wood at South Aljoonn, Pa. Rings on
the tree Indicate that It was more than
one hundred years old. The ladle, made
of the finest charcoal steei, is believed
to have been driven into the tree when
as a sapling.
DIED HERO'S DEATH DANDRUFF MAKES
HAIR FALL OUT
glorious military his
small bottle of "Danderine"
keeps hair thick, strong,
Girls! Try this! Doubles beauty
of your hair in a few
Within ten minutes after an appli
cation of Danderine you can not find
single trace of dandruff or falling hair
and your scalp will not itch, but what
will please you most will be after a few
weeks' use, when you see new hair, fine
and downy at first—yes—but reallF
new hair—growing all over the scalp.
A little Danderine immediately. dou
bles the beauty of your hair. No dif
ference how dull, faded, brittle aBd
scraggy. Just moisten a doth with Dan
deriue and carefully draw it through
your hair, taking one small strand at a
time. The effect is amazing—your hair
will he light, fluffy and wavy, and havo
an appearance of abundance an In
comparable lustre, softness and luxu
(let a small bottle of Kuowltonlt
Danderine for a few cents at any drag
store or toilet counter, and prove that
your hair is as pretty aud soft as any
—that it has been neglected or injored
by careless treatment—that's all—yo«
surely can have beautiful hair and late
of it if you will just try a little,
"Look how the rain is pouring
in sh^«»ts." "That's all right in
ering the bed of the .street."
Important to Mothtw
Examine carefully every bottle
CASTOKIA, that famous old rctau,
for infants and children, and see that II
In Use for Over 3U dear's."
Children Cry for Fletcher'sCastorisj
In Most Cases.
"How do you prouounce 'hautfur'1
"Hot air, in some cases.'
The first phonograph was TriAtt*.
years ago, but its popularity Is"
more recent date.
What Lydia E. PinkkAnJ
F#r Ohio Woman.
Portsmouth, Ohio.—" I tuff end fH
Irregularities, pains in my side imUh
so weak at tfmaf
around to OOL
work, and as
four in my
and three boi
it made it very I
for me. Lydia
to me. I took!
and it has resttf
my health. Ij
medicine for woman's ailments I
saw."—Mrs. SARA SHAW, R.
Mrs. Shaw proved the merit of
medicine and wrote this letter in
that other suffering woman may!
relief aa ahe did.
Women who are suffering i
should not drag along from
without giving this famous
herb remedy, Lydia E. Pink ham
table Compound, a trial. For
advice in regard to such ailments]
to Lydia E. Pinkhum Medicine Co.
Masa. The result of its forty
experience is at your service.
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