OCR Interpretation

The herald-advance. (Milbank, S.D.) 1890-1922, January 31, 1919, Image 3

Image and text provided by South Dakota State Historical Society – State Archives

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn00065154/1919-01-31/ed-1/seq-3/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

i 'v V
i 'v V
V V' y
yg\l^!ort 5'
y^*Qt:z«OQZ e^N»e»t*fooo
Thrifty French Already Cleaning
Up Battle Ground to
Plant Grain.
Removing of Barbed Wire Entangle
ments Is Ne Easy Matter—Nar
row Gauge Railways Being
Torn Up and Trenches
Filled In.
Paris.—Eradication of all traces of
Itoe V2 months' war has already begun
••wrywhere along the old stationary
3)ronl which marked the line of the op
posing armies since the inception of a
•war of position.
ltarbed wir» entanglements are be
ing torn up, trenches are being tilled
la, camouflage is being taken down,
Marrow-gauge railways removed, and
tihell dumps and other depots for ma
terial being transported away.
This Ls the first time that any "Held
fortifications have been permitted to
fee touched by the civilian population.
:Mven after the tiermans had been
elolven from the Chateau Thierry re
K*ua .south of the Marne to north of
tfcp Yesle, the military authorities re
fused to permit barbed wire to be
fate*) up or earthworks tilled in.
la most cases this work is being
4oae by civilians, but everywhere with
afee release of the older Classen of
ICnwch soldiers and the numerous re
J'ormes—wounded discharged from the
ttcuiy—there are enough men familiar
•with Held works to supervise the re
tuovui of them,
Difficult Work.
it is ao easy matter for the novice
to pull up barbed wire, and in places,
particularly In the Juvigny region
worth of the Aisne, where the Thirty
second division fought with Ceneral
Mangin's superb Tenth army and won
{Cor themselves the sobriquet of ''The
fPigefs," the entanglements cover hun
dreds of acres the belts being hun
ulreds of yards in depth. This wire
aiates back from September, 1914. and
(is rusty and dangerous to handle,
lowing to the presence of tetanus mi
crobes. The newer, "giant German
(wire," the strands of which are a
quarter of an inch thick and which
jbristle with barbs, is equally hard to
The old wide trenches which were
Ha vogue earlier in the war before the
^development of the minenwerfer us an
-accurate piece of ordnance, are hard
4o till In, as their parapets have been
washpd away by rains and blasted to
Mb) of shellfire. They are like great
jdttdies, furrowing the earth in every
{direction. The newer. narrower
marches, shored with timber and pro
vided with duckboard floors are easier
jte All In. The thrifty French first pull
lout the shoring and let the rain act
mm the trenches for a couple of weeks
|i« which time they invariably fall in.
Vkem they shovel over the top, smooth
(fog ft off.
Mo attempts are made to All in the
'dugouts, the entrances merely being
boarded up and covered over. In
hMiiT of these German dugouts there
tare iafernal machines and man traps
fIJIoety to explode when the first per
enters. Loose l»oards on the stairs
tor bits of string stretched across the
«a*rance set off explosives. In many
tofeer dugouts there are corpses of
friends or foes, killed underground by
fcsmhs hurled down the exits.
Al roads In the zone where the op
lining armies have swayed back and
tforth are lined with fox holes, as the
American doughboys call the tiny
•aheHer caves they are taught to dig
iwith bayonets and mess kits and
(Which provide such wonderful shelter
against shrapnel. Everywhere In the
4elt of terrain marking the extreme
Ikalts of the passage of the fighting
troops there are endless rows of these
holes dug iuto the ditches beside
This is Young'S Meinori il cemetery at (tyster U.iy, N. Y„ whore ilip body of Theodore lloosevelt WHS interr
after simply services. Inset is a portrait of Itev. Dr. (.Jeorge K. Taluiadgo. pastor of Christ Episcopal church, w
conducted the ceremony.
the roads. They tell the silent tales
of brfdies of troops on the inarch spied
out by enemy airplanes or captive bal
loons and caught under concentrated
tire by many batteries. Then the men
are ordered to take cover, and since
there is none to take they must Im
provise their own shelter.
It is a remarkable sight to see how
fast a soldier can dig a cave that will
shelter his Jhody with no implements
but a baymiet and mess kit. They
loosen the earth with the bayonet and
scoop it out with the big. long-handled
tin cup. sometimes working with the
skillet in the other hand.
Only light, Decauvilie railways are
being taken up, all standard gauge
lines which have been laid since the
war remaining in position umil such
time as the administration determines
what shall bp done with them.
Few pieces of artillery remain in
their emplacements, nearly all of those
which were overlooked in capture dur
ing attacks having been dragged out
Maine Woodsmen Now Have to Pay
$5 for Pint of
Chaplain Thomas Sw .a ... the
Episcopal church at Saginaw, Mich.,
arrived in New York recently front
England. Chaplain Swatui was
awarded the distinguished service
cross tqr extraordinary heroism in
action at the Marne and Vesle rivers
during the first two weeks in August.
He was in the front line trenches ad
ministering to sick nnd wounded sol
diers, and on one occasion went over
the top 200 yards under heavy fire to
rescve two wounded doughboys.
y fK
tiongor, lie.—War, which used up so
much alcohol and starved the distil
leries, and the bone-dry law affecting
the shipment of liquors from wet into
dry territory, have made anything like
warm sociability, let alone hilarity,
impossible in Maine to any save the
in the olden days a woodsman or a i
sailor went into a Bangor bar (and at
V |m|
JeJ Norway, Me.—Henry and Ben
•J jsimin Hosmer of this town are $
••J twins, it has been their experi
jijj eti'-e through life that when
•J sickness overtakes one the other
is stricken too. Recently lien- »Ji
•J» jamin, who is a soldier In the J»J
army overseas, was taken to a 6
V base hospital suffering from an
attack of Spanish influenza.
I Here at home at the same time A
•$ Henry was also down with the
of their pits and placed in the public
square of the nearest French town or
village. But. there are btiil hundreds
of thousands of live shells, hand
grenades and millions of rounds of
small arms ammunition lying about
everywhere. The earth is pitted with
holes made by "duds" which may ex
plode the first time the farmer's plow
strikes against thein.
Despite that, however, the thrifty
French are cleaniug up their country,
preparing for the sowing of crops next
one time there were 181 inclu ling
seven varieties to choose from), laid
dow« a dime and took a drink of what
could easily be identified as whisky.
But now a drink of whisky is served
with Black Haud secrecy, and many a
wink and whisper of caution in some
dugout up an alley, or maybe taken in
a dark hallway from the dirty glass of
a bootlegger, and costs i!." to 40 cents,
while a half pint costs *2 to $2.50, a
pint $4 to $5, and a quart $6 to $10,
according to quality, time and place.
There seems to be plenty of whisky,
or near whisky, here aud elsewhere in
Maine, but the high cost of drinking
has driven common folks out of the
Declares Widow Who Charges $24,000
Theft Made Love to
New York.—Louis Alberthy, known
as "Count" Csaki Bela, on trial before
Judge Mulqueen In general sessions,
charged with the larceny of $24,000
from Mrs. Anna Onilch, a Newark (N.
J.) widow, who asserts he went
through a fake wedding ceremony with
her, denies all her charges,
Mrs. Gruieh testified the "count"
made ardent love to her. The "count"
swore she made the same brand of
love to him, unsought. She said she
believed he was single. He asserted
slie knew all the time he was married
and "went up in the air" when he
I threatened to leave her.
The "count" added that she became
lufatuated with him on account of
what he admitted to be his "good
looks that she gave him as pres
ents, in amounts of $100 to $250 a
week, the money he is alleged to have
taken from her that she Invited him
to Newark and offered to start him in
business and threatened him when ho
Found Wandering About Boston, a Vic
tim of Aphasia, He Is Identified
by Family.
Boston.—An aged man was found
wandering in the South end In n daze,
lie was a victim of aphasia. His cMh
ing or prickets had nothing to aid vb
the Identification. Newspapers pub
lished a description of the man and
ills photograph. After three weeks he
was restored to virtually normal con
dition, hut was unable to tell the hos
pital physicians his name or address.
Mrs. JF. H. Borofsky of East Boston
saw the description in the newspapers,
went to the hospital aud identified the
man as her father, for whom she said
her family had btm searching many
Face Coverings Abandoned
the Women of Paris.
Surious Arrangement, Imitation of ffti
"Flu" Mask. Is Being Worn by
American Women.
The story comes from Paris that
women have abandoned the veil. They
are tired of it. They have taken to
cartwheel hats and do not wish to de
stroy the outline of the brim by the
folds of a face covering.
There are women over here, howev
er. writes a fashion correspondent,
recently returned from Paris, who are
wearing the most curious veil America
•las seen. It is attached to a turban
is as thick as the heaviest coarse
let can he woven, and it is drawn
'.ight around the eyes and the top of
the nose, leaving the neck and lower
•jart of the face bare. It Is the best
mitation of a masque that we have
lad so far, and it is intimated that it
,vas taken from the influenza mask
which was
over the lower part
the face. One of our own design
ers of eccentricities has produced a
genuine influenza mask of dyed lace
which is rlfawn upward over the chin
ind nose to the back of the head. The
French one is more seductive and co
In America we are addicted to veils.
We wear them at all seasons, whether
ir not we know how to adjust thepa.
The reason for their diminished fash
ion during the last year is due to the
aar activities of the great mass of
women. First, a veil takes a long
Mme to adjust It should be done well,
not at all and, secondly, it Is not a
^ood addition to uniform caps. So the
reil dropped out, except among a cer
'ain segment of fashionables who
would feel ashamed of their naked
jess, as they say. if they went with
out it. The hurry and flurry of life
•las not allowed much time for leisure
'y dressing, and although the veil was
nsisted upon by the shops during the
.nfluenza epidemic, the doctors thought
it was extremely harmful and injuri
es. They knew what the shops evl
lently did not know, that an influenza
mask must be washed every three
nours in a disinfectant. The ex
trenie danger In the veil rested in the
fact that it was not hashed for days
at a time, if ever.
For those who wear the veil, the mil
liners and jewelers have united in in
jfroducing a trifle which has gained
much prestige. It is an arrow, an
aviator's wings, a dagger or the tleur
le-lis done in Jewels. This catches
the veil at the extreme upper tilt of
the hat in front.
It hns been the jewel of the war.
Women have turned their brooches into
these veil pins they have had other
jewelry reset to possess the luxury of
the moment, and they have bought
them in real or imitation stones, in
order to be in the procession of fash
Accessory Is More Sophisticated and
Alluring Than Was Its Prede
cessor of a Decade Ago.
The sash of 1919 Is a more sophis
ticated and alluring accessory than
its predecessor of a decade ago, and
it is adjusted to suit the fancy of the
wearer or the artistic conception of
the designer. Sometimes the bow is
directly in the back, big and broad,
like the obi of the maid of old Japan.
Again the loops will be placed at the
right or the left side, a perky, jaunty
Here Is shown a winsome evening
gown in two shadea of blue chiffon vel
vet. An especially attractive feature
of this garment is the unique sleeves
Qold-and-yellow brocaded satin Is
the material In this luxurious evening
wrap. The lines are extremely simple.
The collar and cuffs are formed of
wide bands of sable.
arrangement of silk or satin, some
times with one instead of two long
ends and fringe edged. Then there is
the broad girdle, usually of the mate
rial, deftly maneuvered with ends
terminating in tassels.
However it is introduced the sash
is a distinctive fqpture frocks. Even
the tailored serge, fashioned severely,
with high collar and long, tight
sleeves, boasts a sash these days, at
least one chic model does, the sash
being of the material and terminating
in a wide bow at the normal waistline
in the back. Another use for the ma
terial sash is on the velvet frock, one
example being an old rose velvet gown
woru by a young girl in one of the
new plays. It is a delightfully simple
gown, one-piece, medium width skirt
and wide girdle and broad bow of the
velvet. A narrow bund of kolinsky
outlines the round neck and edges the
modified kimono sleeves.
The sash, on the order of the sweat
er accessory, of medium width and
finished with halls and tassels of silk,
is still in vogue and it Is particularly
adapted to the trim Uttle gown of tri
colette' or the equally supple wont
Three-Piece Sets of Fur or Fur and
Silk or Velvet 'Combined Com
prise Attractive Outfit.
What could be more fascinating
than some one of the three-piece sets
—hat, collarette and muff—made of
fur or fur and silk or velvet com
bined? They are of varied shapes
and in various color combinations,
these jaunty little sets.
One set consists of turban, with
just the top of the crown of kolinsky,
while the lower part of the turban is
swathed with velvet in a charming old
blue tone, the velvet terminating in a
large loop at the left side toward the
hack. A large crushed band of the
velvet edged at the top with a narrow
band of the kolinsky forms the col
larette, which also terminates in a
largs bow at the left side towards the
back. The muff is made of the blue
velvet and kolinsky. A wide band of
the fur forms the center, while the
fabric forms the sides, one end of
which is drawn through a band of
the fur.
Another set consists of a wrap
which after being snugly draped about
the shoulders crosses In front and is
tied in the back with a velvet ribbon.
The muff would be simple and round,
were it not for the velvet bow that
runs through it, with loops of coquet
tish twist. The hat ls oddly shaped
and fits the head closely at the top
are loops of the velvet ribbon.
Rosettes of Velvet.
Large puffed rosettes of velvet,
which were very popular as trimmings
In millinery circles late last fall, are
again being seen. On extremely large
huts this trimming is placed at the
trout, while for the smaller shapes It
Is used at the side or back. Often
the rosettes correspond tn color with
the facing of the hat. Another fea
tiie of the millinery situation Is the
inert a&ing call for blue hats. Sev
eral shades of blue are being used ID
i.'akinfe small velvet hats, including
elcctric, national, sapphire, Tale
New Necklines In Night Wear.
The varied neck line that ia domi
nant in our frocks, has also gained
high vogue in pajamas, nightgowns
and negligees. In these garments the
square, the deeply oval, the round line
are all seen. Sometimes
collars, and sometimes
Duty Devolving on Farmers of
This Continent.
western dtta«a WeVV Prepared t»
Meet the Needs of the Old Wortf.
""Hie Earth Is a Machine W|eh
Yielda Almost Gratuitous Service to
Every Application of Intellect"—
Speaking with one eff the commis
sioners appointed to make a survey of
the food situation in the battle-tern
countries of Europe the writer was
told that the depletion and shortage
of food was far greater than anybody
had expected. With the investigation,
which at that time had merely started,
much had been brought to light that
had only been surmised. Herds of live
stock were completely wiped out, ffcldH
that had been prolific yielders of grain,
mots and vegetables were terraced a*d
humtnocked by bombs and shells,
many of them still lying unexploded
and dangerous. Until this land caa be
gone over and cleaned nothing iu the
way of cultivation can be* carried en,
and even where that is done the work
of leveling and getting under cultiva
tion will take a long time.
Much more devolves upon the farmer
on this side of the Atlantic than was
at first supposed. Herds of live stoek
will have to be replenished, and this
will take years the provisioning
the people in the meantime is the task
the farmers here will be asked to un
dertake. Producing countries wlU bo
taxed to their utmost to meet this de
mand all that can be provided will
be needed. This need will continue*
for some time, and during this period
prices will be high. The opinion of
those who have given the question
most careful thought and study is that
food scarcity will be greater than e«er
before. The Allies will have to feed
Germany, Austria, Turkey and Russia
and this in addition to the require'
ments of European neutrals for in
creased supplies now that there is no
submarine menace.
To the Canadian and American fam*
er this means a demand for his grabs
fully as great as at any time in tt»
past. Wheat will be needed, meat wflt
be required. The slogan "don't stop
saving food" is as necessary today a*
ever. The purpose of this article is to
direct attention to the fact that hun
dreds of thousands of acres of land
in Western Canada are still unoccu
pied, and this land is capable of pre*
ducing enough to supply all needa. Offt
Its rich grasses are easily raised—and
cheaply too—the cattle that will b«
sought in its soil lies the r.utrlrnenfe
that makes easy the production of Mm
grain that will be needed, and In
the farmer will be assured of a
profit on his Investment. The land eat
be purchased at low prices, on egaf
terms, and with the abundance of re»
turns that It will give, it does not nasi
a matter of speculation. The facta at
set out are known, and certainly ar#
These facts, the low emit of the Ias4
and Its great productivity, combine#
with »the admirable marketing tMl
transport facilities at the disposal at
the farmer make farming in Westprs
Canada an attractive proposition.—
Figuring the Finances.
**Why don't you go into politics?"
"Can't afford it," replied the aav»
citizen. "It has become almottt
a custom for a statesman to leave of
fice a poorer man than when lie en
tered it. And I'm in debt now.'*
B(I «ke I»ata.
Tn* hurt or a burn or a cut stop« wIm*
Coif's Carbolisalve applied. It Ueahl
quickly without sc&rn. 25c and Mo fer
all druggtets. For free sample write W
J. ^. Cole Co., Rock ford. lit.—Adv.
A Time-Saver.
Mistress—I want a maid who Wl*
be faithful and not a time-waster. (Sail
you promise that?
Bridget—Indeed'n I can. fia that
scrup-lous, ma'am, about wastlif ttaae
that I make one Job of prayin' and
scrubbln .—Life.
Important to Mothoro
Examine carefully every bottle if
CASTOItIA, that famous old
for Infants and children, and se
Bears the
Signature of
In Use for Over 80 tears.
Children Cry for Fletcher's Caetocit
Truly Rated.
"What do you think of a man
will constantly deceive his wtf^MT
*•1 think he's a wonder I**
$100 toward, $100
Catarrh la a local disease imtlr
eaesd by constitutional conditions
therefore requires coaatltuttoaal
js taken Internally and acta through
Blood on the Ifueous Surfaces of the
aestroys the foundation of the
gives the patlsnt strength by lin
the genersl health and aealsta
doing ita work. V1M.M for at
Catarrh that HAIX'S
MBDICINSteUs to cure.
He. Testimonials
f. Cheney 6 Co., Toledo,
Patches and Patriots.
It's the clothes that make the
these days, all right. Patriots
known by their patches.
are BO
bn Mtft,

xml | txt