A MEMoltlAL to Brig. Gen. Wil
I^L Ham Crawford Gorgas, United
States army, is to be established
In the form of "Tlie Institute fof
Research iu Tropical Disease*
I and the Study of Preventive
This Gorgas memorial will be
established at Balboa, the I'll*
etflc entrance to the Fanaiaa
canal. The location is tittinjf*
since it was General Gorgas who
made the construction of the
canal possible it also puts the institute closely In
touch with its work.
The memorial will be of international character.
This is as it should be, since the fame of General
Oorgas is world wide. It may be doubted if the
work of any single man has meant more to civil*
Izatlon. It wus his sanitary work that demon
strated to the world that the white man can live
and work in the tropics and maintain good health.
And the end is not yet. since when the time comes
that the North American continent is crowded the
next great migration of the white man will be to
Jentral and South America. In fact it is no ex
aggeration to say that the settling of the tropics
by the Caucasian dates from the completioa of the
Anyone who has seen the old Panama at the
time of the abandonment of the work of the first
canal, involving so much wasted energy, life, and
money, with its abandoned equipment and the evi
dences of unsuccessful labor, and the thousand*
of unknown and unnumbered graves of its work
ers. cannot help but be struck with the present
aspect of I'anama, its splendid sanitation, Its beau
tiful cities, its fine hospitals, and the magnificent
accomplishment of the completion of the work Of
the canal, making it one of the most beautiful and
salubrious spots in the world, writes Hear Admiral
VV. C. Braisted, U. S. N., dietired) in the Pau
The accomplishment of this great work and the
sanitary regeneration of Panama are due to the
efforts of the late William C. Gorgas, United
States army, and to his efforts more than to any
other the success of this work must be accredited.
His earlier work in the southern states and the
West Indies, and particularly Cuba, and his later
efforts in Ecuador and Peru, and his projected
work in Africa give one an idea of the vast tield
of splendid endeavor which he accomplished and
would have continued had his life been prolonged.
His reputation has gone forth to all the world,
and he is loved and revered in every household.
Perhaps no single life has ever made possible so
much for the good and well-being of humanity as
litis that of General Gorgas. There can be, there
fore, no question as to the desirability of erecting
some memorial which will do honor to this great
Many types of memorials have been considered
In this connection, but I feel sure that the estab
lishment of this memorial. The Institute for Re
search In Tropical Diseases and the Study of Pre
ventive Medicine, carrying with it not only a per
manent u*mu4nent to his memory, but one that
will continue his work and be of the greatest value
to the welfare of the entire world, would be his
Ideal of this commemorative effort. Panama, sit
uated In the heart of the Tropics and In the midst
.of the Central and South American states, which of
fer a splendid tield for work of this kind, would
seem to be the Ideal location, furnishing a wealth
-of material for the institution which Is being
brought Into existence.
The honor for the conception of this Idea and
of bringing It into actual existence must be given
to Dr. Belisario Porras, the president of the re
public of Panama. It was owing to his efforts and
those associated with him, such as the Hon. Jo
seph Lefevre. the representative of the Panaman
government in Washington, that a provisional
Invar(1 has been established to begin and carry on
this v\wfc. Deep interest has been evinced in the
*ucct»r of this undertaking by all who have
approached on the subject in every part of the
world, and especially by the presidents and repre
sentatives of the Central and South American re
publics, to whom the project has been made known
largely through the efforts of Dr. Franklin Martin,
who has just returned from a tour of these coun
tries. which he visits from time to time in the in
terests of the American College of Surgeons.
In this connection I would state that the sub
ject of tropical medicine has been one of deep
interest to all medical minds in every part of the
world. While much has been done in our largest
and best educational institutions to endeavor to
carry on research work and to acquire knowledge
of tropical diseases, and a great deal accomplished
by many special institutions and departments,
such .is the London and Liverpool schools of
tropical medicine, and the work of institutions
such as Harvard, Johns Hopkins, the University
of California, and many other organizations of
this kind, nevertheless, all this work has leef»
limited and hampered by the dearth of material
for such study and research, and on account of the
distance of these institutions from the tropcial
Panama offers the ideal situation in almost ev
ery respect for the successful investigation of these
diseases, which have in the past proven to be an
insuperable obstacle to the development of some
of the most splendid sections of the earth. What
has been (^one in Panama proves that hitherto
uninhabitable and undeveloped countries of the
greatest possibilities for successful human habi
tation, with attendant prosperity and well-being,
in the most attractive and desirable parts of the
earth, are easily within our reach if we can apply
in their development the knowledge that will come
from this great institution.
Another splendid feature of this endeavor Is its
international character, bringing about a com
munity of interest and kindly intercourse among
the humanitarian leaders of all countries, making
for a better and kinder feeling than has been pos
sible where the association has been one merely Of
political and diplomatic relations. As a single
example of this, it is my belief that nothing will
tend to cement the friendship of the American re
publics more than the common inteiest and inter
course brought about by the work of this institu
tion for the welfare of their individual countries.
The proposed memorial will consist of a digni
fied and classic building, housing the laboratories
for the work and providing every facility for the
teaching of students from the various countries
who may be privileged to undertake work at this
institution, and who will carry to their homes the
knowledge that when applied will, it is hoped, pro
duce results as splendid as have been produced
in Pftnama itself.
Until the completion of the Gorgas memorial
building proper the laboratories and equipment of
the new Santo Tomas hospital have been offered
for use, so that It is hoped that active research
work may begin by January 1, 1922. This work
is actually in progress now. The study of the
plans for the memorial building proper is well
under way, aud construction will be begun as soon
as these are completed.
The Tropics, which are so prolific In vegetation
of every kind, seem equally fertile in the devel
opment of all types and kinds of dread diseases,
which tend to make them unsuited and Impossible
of habitation until careful sanitation makes them
safe, when they become the most desirable, the
most attractive, and most prosperous of abiding
It would not be feasible In this short article to
direct attention to all the known diseases that It
would be possible to study In this Institution, bgt
among them would be found such as malaria \el
low fever,' plague, dengue, human trypanosom asls,
beriberi, pellagra, leprosy, the various helminthic
Infections, cholera, the various mycoses, the my.
lases, etc. Added to these are many unknown and
undiscovered banes of existence, which remain to
fee found oat and
be made Innocuous. We are
THE HERALD ADVANCE
but on the threshold of tremendous advances that
can nnd will be made through the efforts of re
search work. IOvery scientist today realizes that
it needs only effort with willing, conscientious, and
untiring workers, and the proper provisions for
carrying on efforts of this kind, to discover and
control diseases in a way that never was dreamed
of in the ages gone by. Already the nucleus of a
corps of men specially skilled in tropical and pre
ventive medicine has been selected and is await
ing assignment to work as soon as the laborator
ies are ready. Almost all the leading institutions
have expressed an interest in the work and a de
sin1 to send the best of their research workers to
take advantage of the privileges they will be of
fered at this in^itution for an endeavor of this
It is hoped that many scholarships will be de
veloped in the great educational institutions which
will enable deserving young men of high attain
ments who wish to make a life work of these sub
jects to be sent to the Gorgas Memorial institute
for a thorough grounding that will enable them
to carry on throughout their lives in all countries
the purposes thai will mean so much to the well
being and happiness of their respective countries.
It must be remembered that the dangers of trop
ical diseases are not confined to the Tropics alone,
but on account of world intercourse are constant
ly being carried to the non-tropical countries, en
dangering their health and well-being. With this
institute at Panama, associated as It will be with
the health department of the republic and that of
the 1'nlted States, whose officers are stationed In
Panama, the constant flow of persons coining front
the Tropics "through the canal to the northern and
non-tropical countries will be under most careful
supervision, and any dangerous element should be
discovered and taken care of at this point. The
splendid chain of hospitals already built and build
ing in Panama, which are the equal of any in the
world, furnish opportunity for the care, isolation,
treatment, and study of any infected persons that
may be found. In view of this practical applica
tion of the work of the Institute it is felt that all
countries Involved will be interested to assist in
the maintenance of the institution when once es
To my mind one of the important and special
departments of the institute will be Its library. It
is our hope to gather here the most complete and
the finest iibrary on the subjects ©f tropical and
preventive medicine In the world.
It should be mentioned in this cnrv/ection that
the headquarters of the provisional board have
been established at the Pan American Union, un
der the personal supervision of the director. Dr.
L. S. Howe, who is a member of the provisional
It is easy for one who has been In Panama to
picture this beautiful and useful Institution, stand
ing upon the shores of the Pacific and surrounded
by the buildings of the new Santo Tonias hospital
anJ those of the Panama Exposition, with their
beautiful gardens and artistic embellishment, ami
to realise how splendid will be the ultlnfate result
of these endeavors to perpetuate the life and work
of Geuewl Uorta*.
"BLUFFERS" WHO MAKE GOOD
Mot Infrequently It Is Essential te
Gain the Neighbors' Confidence
fey Any Meana.
There Is ah oil man out west—and
If his name were printed every one
would know it—who on one occasion
was so near the rocks that when he
walked his back hair dragged on the
ground. He had about as much money
as a chipmunk has diamond neck
luces, and his debts would sound like
a statement of Kurope's financial re
lations with the United States. But
lie had a good prospect. So he got
together a group or investing possi
bilities and gave them the best dinner
they had ever lasted, says a writer
in an exchange.
"But how did you do It?" I asked.
"You're after telling me that you had
been living on rubber heels aud old
clothes for weeks aud yet you gave
iheui a dinner?"
"I bluffed," said the oil man. "1
fooled em all, hotel man, waiters, cab
men. florist, every one else. If I had
not put that proposition over I would
have walked out of town that night
if I had been lucky enough to get
out of town. But I fooled 'em. And
we all got rich out of It."
The theory on which he1 worked
might be staled differently. The con
fidence of one's neighbors is essential
to success in life, and sometimes it
seems advisable to bluff in order to
get it. It never pays to lop the un
der lip down on the breastbone apd
tell the world that you're a gone gos
ling. After all, only the man with
real courage is able to bluff success
fully, and such a man is worth back
ing—so that one might unwisely argue
it is safe to back bluffers. Best say
that some bluffers are worth hack
ing. Which recalls the story of George
Graham Vest, for years one of the
senators from Missouri. At the con
vention which later nominated him
his rivals had promised what they
would do if elected. In his turn Vest
"1 will only promise you," said he,
"that if 1 am elected I will draw the
salary with clock-like regularity and
spend it like a gentleman."
That bluff won. But the bluffer who
can make a bluff like that la no bluffer
One Too Many.
A literary family in which a seventh
child had just come was at a country
house, and lot a time a good deal oi' tht
care of the other six children devolved
upon the father, who had Spartan
Ideas as to the upbringing of his sons
One morning he carried Ids two-year
old to the creek near his home to give
hint a cold plunge. The child object
ed lustily to this proceeding, but was
firmly held and ducked, notwithstand
At the Instant of the ducking, how
ever, a brawny hand seized the Spar
tan father by the shoulder aud flung
liim back, while the angry voice ol
the farmer, who was his nearest neigh
bor, roared in his ears:
"Here! None of that! I'll have the
law mi you for ihis."
For some time the father endeav
ored to convince the farmer that he
was not trying to drown the child.
Even then he wasn't wholly convinced.
To the very last minute he kept shak*
ing his head skeptically and saying:
"Well, I dunno about that, I dunno.
You got six besides this."—Harper'?
Census Reveals Odd Names.
What will be the strangest name on
the British census paper? asks the
London Morning Post. Last time the
palm went to a Yorkshireman, who
had been saddled with the name of
Mahershalalhashbaz. The longest
name was that of a Derby child whose
parents had inflicted upon her Chris
tian names beginning with every let
ter of the alphabet. Of punning and
other curious names there will be no
end. Some of those revealed by pre
vious enumerations have been Arch
Bishop, Arch Deacon, Rose Budd, Prim
Ilose, Righteous Williams. Temper
ance Sober Lane, Sudden Death, Pine
Coffin, and Alfred Gott Barelegs. An
other factor is the astonishing fre
quency with which such high-sounding
names as Lord George Smith, Lady
Mary Brown, Marcus Cicero are
found in the poorer quarters of our
cities. Such names are usually select
ed from the cheap novels which form
the chief reading of the parents.
Fowls' Peculiar Appetite.
In a village in Hants, England, a
man had a pen of fowls, enclosed in
a wire run of 1-inch mesh. Sparrows
used to get in the run under the sides
and the rooster one day killed and ate
a young one. After that woe betide
the sparrow that entered that pen, for
the old hens acquired a liking for
sparrow meat and they would chase
a sparrow about until they caught
and killed it. In the fall the fowls
were moved to another farm and
shortly after a wheat stack which
was infested with mice was threshed.
The rooster and hens were soon on
the job and had a merry time catch
ing mice which they made short work
of swallowing, after giving them
few raps on the ground.
Vets Against Bobbing.
"Well," announced the fall" Jroung
thing at the dinner table. "I'm not
going to get my hair bobbed after all."
"Praise be." said her father* "But
"You see. It's like this,** she dimpled
In reply. "I didn't know whether the
boys would be sure to like It, so I sent
around a questionnaire. They all an
swered, and the result was that six of
them said not to bob It, while only two
were In favor, so I can't do it, really."
Points the Way to Comfort
And Health. Other Women
Moundsville, W. Va.—"I had taken
doctor's medicine for nearly two years
(because my periods
were irregular, came
every two weeks,
land I would suffer
pains. A lady told
I me of Lydia E. Pink
Compound and how
much good it had
done her daughter,
so I took it and now
I am regular every
I month and have no
pain at all. 1 recommend your medi
cine to everyone and you may publish
my testimonial, hoping that the Vege
table Compound does
the good it has done me. "—Mrs.GEORGEgirlothersome
TEGARDEN. 915 Third Street, Mounds
ville, W. Va.
How many young girls suffer as Mrs.
Tegarden did and do not know where to
turn for advice or help. They often are
obliged to earn their living by toiling
day in and day out no matter how hard
the pain they have to bear. Every girl
who suffers in this way should try Lydia
E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound and
if she does not get prompt relief write
to the Lydia E. Pinkham Medicine Co.,
Lynn, Massachusetts, about her health.
Such letters are held in strict confi
Didn't Fool Percy.
Kvery night when Percy's mother
thought it about time to put him to
bed she was in the habit of spelling to
his father, so much so until the little
fellow had caught on to it. but it so
happened that on this particular night
mother was spelling something else to
father. However, Percy, looking up
from his playing on the floor, said:
"Ah! Come on and put me to bed. I
know that's what you are si e
All for Love.
Clarence was in doubt and SO 61
pressed himself as follows:
"Clara, I want you to give me some
proof «f your love."
"Why. Clarence," said the girl, "am
I not dancing with you?"
"That's nothing," said Clarence.
Whereupon Clara bridled. "You
wouldn't say that. Clarence, If you
knew how badly you danced 1"
Cuticura for Sore Hantffc
Soak hands on retiring in the hot suds
of Cuticura Soap, dry and rub In Cu
ticura Ointment. Remove surplus
Ointment with tissue paper. This Is
only one of the things Cuticura will do
if Soap, Ointment and Talcum ar" used
for all toilet purposes. Advertisement.
Fitted for the Job.
Mr. Latitat—You sent a young man
to me for a job as Information clerk.
Is he honest enough to work for me?
Mr. Frankleigh—Just about that.
But I wouldn't recommend him to any
Just the Kind.
She—I do not care to marry you.
I do not care even to talk to you.
He (a widower)—That is precisely
the reason I want you to marry me.
Many things remain impossible till
they are attempted.
tobacco makes 50
flood cigarettes for
EASY TO KILL
BEADY FOR USB—BHTBB THAN TRAM
destroy food and property
im an earrlenofdlMM*
Steams' Sleetrle Fiat* force* thM« (Nti to MSt
Croat the bnlldtacfbr water and ffeanalr.
Ite and SCtD. "Noser back If It tallfc"
U. S. OorwaaiMt bin lt»
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