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Turner County herald. (Hurley, Dakota [S.D.]) 1883-19??, July 16, 1891, Image 2

Image and text provided by South Dakota State Historical Society – State Archives

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn2001063133/1891-07-16/ed-1/seq-2/

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V' THE most turbulent member of the
yt-Jopeka City Council is named Lull.
WTHEHK are seven cotton-mills in
*?reece and grease is in every one of
MASSACHUSETTS has a third of all the
cotton spindles in the United States.
Perhaps this is why Boston abounds in
SACRAMENTO, Cal., is shipping brandy
by the ship-load to Europe. If Ameri
cans are sensible they will buy their
"dbgnao ait first hands.
A PHILADELPHIA baker treats the
conductor and passengers of a car that
passes his shop afc two o'clock every
morning to a hot loaf of bread.
MENTHOL, one part, in ten parts of
alcohol, makes a cooling and effectual
solution for local relief of itching witli
i?4.i out eruptions and for tlio smarting irii
^tation of insects.
-XN Italian, immigrant who landod in
nSTew York the other day was so over
joyed at reaching free America that he
dropped upon his hands and knees and
kissed the ground.
GERMAN professors and university
authorities have a natural cause for
*4* theirgreat dissatisfaction at the Kaiser's
ridiculous advocacy of dueling in the
large increase of duels.
OSE-FIFTH of the 1,000,000 families
,4 jn France have no children. As many
more have only one child, and of those
who have as may as seven children the
number is only 230,000.
A ST. LOUIS medical journal has
coined the word "kochery" for the Ger
man professor's system of treatment.
The St. Louis editor ought to bj3 ar
rested for base coinage.
IF Connecticut doesn't hurry up and
settle her political controversy the bot
inm hf things will fall out in that State.
Already a mound twelve feet .high has
sunk out of sight at Bloomfield.
MEMBERS of the Weather Bureau
should know that the oldest known
journal of the weather was kept by one
Walter Merle, a fellow of Merton Col
lege, Oxford, during A. D. 1337-44.
ALTIMORE claims a colored man over
117 years old who now devotes himself
mainly to sleeping and who can be of
fered as a beautiful"
example of teetotal
ism both
as regards alcohol and tobacco.
PEOPLE who think that Newfound
land hasn't the means to make war
against England do not stop to think
"Sf the vast number of codfish balls
which she will be ablo to fire at the red
A LITTLE boy from North East, Md.,
while visiting his grandmother in Ches
ter, fell asleep on the floor and rolled
under the bed. Before he reappeavecT
,• the polico were scouring the town for
a missing boy.
A GEORGIA woodman has cut a tree.
from which he got two saw logs, each
forty-feet long, and forty feet of the
top of tlie tree was left after removing
this section of ninety feet, making the
tree 130 feet high.
%^^-AMEMBER of Parliament named Hun
ter proposes that the Scotch deer for
ests should be bought and turned into
popular farms and pleasure grounds.
The present rental of these areas is
«toRt £90.000 a year. ,,
THE latest novelty in ferns used in
UjLojidon is one simulating arose. When
4l6kfed it'looks likeabnd. When opened
it resembles a full-blown rose, ana as
it is scented with the perfume of that
flower, the illusion is complete.
%IKBLACK ants are crowding the guests
out of a Ludingtor. (Mich.) hotel, and
the proprietor advertises for an extermi
nator. One guest watched a solid pro
cession of them a foot wide crawl
up the side of the room for six consec
ntive hours.
DURING a heavy rainstorm in Indi
ana a mud turtle as large as a man's
•V hand fell from the clouds near Craw
fords ville. For an hour the reptile lay
mytionless as if stunned, then it began
to crawl away, but it was captured and
kept as a curiosity.
REMEDIES for relief of mosquito bites
are so numerous thao if one remem
Jjered them all he might try a differ
ent "cure" on every hummock. One of
the last is plain soap—the lather al
lowed to dry on. Cheap and handy. Try
it on, first chance you get.
IT seems that the Chinese preserved
ginger of commerce is not ginger at all.
The director of the botanioal gardens
at Hong Kong has succeeded in obtain
ing the flower of the plant used and has
identified it as tho Alpinia Galadga.
W j,though not ginger, it is very nice.
,f Two PATULUMA, Cal., lioys found a
nest of two young foxes in the limb of
f" tree. There were four of the little crea
tures, and each boy took two of them
home, where each happened to have a
cat with a litter of kittens, and each
pussy has adopted and is raising two
Foun things need to be committed to
memory to insure safety against our poi
son sumachs: First.—The three-leaved
ivy is dangerous. Second—The five
leaved is harmless. Third—The poi
son sumachs havo white berries.—
Fourth—No red-berried sumach is
WALT WHITMAN is now 72 years of
*age, hale and happy. May he live to
grow still younger and sing many more
jubilant chants? Whitman is the
ffi.. smost American American living and he
is intimate with the national senti
ments and aspirations. The top of the
morning of his birthday to him.
B. M. DUFFIELD, aged seventy, a
mail carrier in Jackson County, West
•, Virginia, claims to have walked 110,
*000 miles in the last ten years. He
thinks no other man has done such an
•v.amount of walking. He is also a sort
of expressman. A fow weeks ago he
carried a plow ten miles and on the
"next trip carried a small cookstove
twenty-five miles.
SOME ingenious prisoners in the jail
at Marion, Ind., by means of a hose
connected with the natural gas pipe,
projected aflame against the inner side
"of the outer wall. When the stone was
xnade red-hot, cold water was applied,
and huge slices were peeled off until
-. the wall was bi cached. None of them
•^wanted to escape, and they explained
cifchat the mischief was done to phow the
authorities how easily one could be
WILDER, tho Western humorist, says
that in appreciating good jokes a crowd
of newsboys is the quickest and most
intelligent he ever met. No point, ges
turcor shade of inflection escapes these
alert little nomads, while on the other
hand many fashionable assemblages
a're chilly and unresponsive until you
breakJLlie crust of reserve or indiffer
ence as if with a sledge-hammer.
THE "angry tree," a woody plant,
•which, grows from tea to twenty-tive
feet high, and was formerly supposed
to exist only in' Nevada, has recently
been found both io Eastorn California
and' iii Arizona, says the Omaha
Bee. If disturbed this peculiar tree
tree shows every sigh of vexation, even
to ruffiiug up its leaves likfe tho hair on
an avtgrv eat, and giving forth an un
pleaiiiut, sickening odor.
SEVERAL Chinamen were engaged in
San Francisco to go to the lisli cannerie
in Alaska, and were supplied with ad
vahce inoney and articles of clothing
suited to the new climate. When the
contractors "went for the heathen Chi
nese," to get them to go ou board the
waiting vessel, they learned that some
of them had decamped, wlii'e most of
them were ljoyiug themselves in a
prolonged opium debauch, and refused
to leave San Francisco.
THE uses of bells in places devoted
to religious purposes is very ancient,
dating many centuries before the
Christian era. In China, long before
the time of Christ, bells were hung at
the temple gate and tho worshipper on
entering rung them to attract the at
tention of the deity he was about to
honor. Bells-were common in India at
the time of Pliny, and it is believed
that they came into Europe in the
fiist or second century. They were first
used ou Christian churches A. D. 4C0,
in Nola, Italy, not so much to give
notice of the time of worship as from an
idea that their music drove away evil
spirits and protected the people of the
parish from thunder and lightning.
AN army physician who sees a good
deal of the diseases among tho Indians ol
Northern California, finds them very
susceptible to the pet disease of civil
ization—consumption. When the dis
ease attacks a healthy, robust Indian
he is seen actually to melt away
under its influence, which is due in
part at least to the fact that while the
Indian has taken to the clothing, food
and shelter of the whites and lost some
thing of his natural hardiness to expos
ure, he adheres obstinately to certain
habits, crowding in close apartments,
going about in wet clothing, etc., which
make him an easy victim. The mortal
ity among infants is very large, and
families are not seen with more than
four children, some having but one or
two. Itheumatism is crippling a great
many. Tho one thing which they do
seem to enjoy is immunity against
trouble from poison oak, the stems ol
which they use in making baskets.
WHILE the remains of the old com
mander lie in a rude and neglectcd
tomb in the city of New York, whose
people manifest no purpose speedily to
completed their long promised monu
ment, another majestic Western me
morial of General Grant has been fit
tingly, dedicated. H. H. Ivohlsaat's
generosity, patriotism and public spirit
have given to Galena a superb statue
of the great captain who went forth
from that town in 1861 to inscribe his
name on the scroll of fame, and repre
sentatives of the people of half a dozen
Western States assembled to partici
pate in the exercises -attending the for
mal transfer of the monument to the
municipality. The day, the crowd, the
speakers were all that could be de
sired. The presence of Chauncey M.
Depew, ex-Governor Hoard and others
gave the affair more than a local sig
nificance and the honors shown to Mr.
Kohlsaat no less than those paid to the
memory of a national hero cannot fail
to have an influence for good upon
many thousands of Americans. With
one such man as Mr. Kohlsaat in
New York that imperial city would soon
be relieved of the odium that must rest
upon it so long as its oft repeated
promise to provide a suitable tomb for
Grant's ashes is unfulfilled.
Tho Admission to Statehood or Wyoming
to Be Properly Symbolized.
Another star now glitters in tho
national flag. This is not because of
any recent admission to Statehood, for
there has been nono. But the law re
quires that the admission of a new
State shall be signalized in the na
tional banner from the Independence
Day following the admission. The
new star which will find a place July
4 this year will stand for Wyoming.
That vigorous young Commonwealth
came in after last Independence day
by just a week or so. Idaho had been
more lucky, as the. President had
signed the bill admitting it the even
ing of July 3, so'it has had its star all
the year. With the one added for
Wyoming the stars will number forty
four. It promises to be several
years before any more Territories
are admitted into Statehood, so that
the emblem is not likely to under
go further change for some time to
come. In unofficial flags the admis
sion of Wyoming has been recognized
by its extra star for nearly the year
past, and the grouping of the stars
has been according to the individual
flag-makers. It is left for the army
emblem to fix the. grouping according
to the Government's ido-. This is
done in the order just issued by tho
War Department, as follows:
"The field or union of the national
flag in use in the army will, on and
after July 4, 1891, consist of forty-four
stars in six rows, the upper and lower
rows to have eight stars, and the sec
ond, third, fourth and fifth rows seven
stars each in a blue field."
Every flag floating as the sign of
authority of the National Government
will henceforth conform to this order.
The flags with less than forty-four
stars and with the old grouping will
not be at once condemned, for the Gov'
ernment does not go to that extrava
gance. But as the new emblems are
called for the new order will be ob
served and the old flags will gradually
/["Brief Compendium, of the
Busy World's Events.
A Madman of Paris Makes an Effort to
Shoot Carnot.
Considerable excltcment was occasioned
throughout Paris by an attempt to
shoot President Carnot. The president was
present at the ceremonies of tlie official
opening of a new thoroughfare, where he
received an enthusiastic welcome. Sud
denly a man, wild-eyed and making insane
gestures, forced liis way through the crowd,
rushed to the carriage and iired a pistol,
the man shouting: "I'll prove there are
more bastiles to be demolished." The man
was promptly arrested, and such was the
anger of tho crowd present that tho officers
had the greatest difficulty in protecting the
prisoner from becoming the victim of popu
lar fury. It was soon learned that the pris
oner was a mad man and had -Just been re
leased from confinement in a lunatic asy
Endowments In Danger.
Eight hundred thousand dollars, nearly
the entire cash endowment of Union theo
logical seminary, Is in jeopardy because of
the action of the seminary's directors In the
Dr. Brlggs controversy. The endowment
was made by various parties with the stip
ulation that the seminary was to be under
the authority of the Presbyterian church.
The action of the seminary's directors in re
fusing by a vote of 20 to 2 to observe the
disapproval of Dr. Briggs' election to the
faculty pussed by the general assembly of
the church will place all these donations In
Jeopardy. The withdrawal of nearly the
entire cash endowment will depend on tho
action of the directors this fall.
Immense Cavern in Oregon.
The discovery is announced of an enor
mous cavern In Josephine county. Ore.,
about twelve miles north of the California
line and about forty miles from the ocean.
estimated main body of the cave is 1,500
feet from the surface of the mountain and
the cavern Itself appears to be fully as
large as the Mammoth cave of Kentucky.
Many passages within the cave are described
as of great beauty and containing semi
transparent stalactites, giant milk white
pillars and pools and streams of clear
An Artesian Well Abandoned.
The Alpena artesian well had to be aban
doned at a depth of 730 feet. A stratum of
fine gravel and sand was struck that re
sisted the drill, and instead of going deeper
hole had filled up seventy-five feet be
fore It was abandoned,
DURING the first half of the present
year 1,728 miles of railroad were built
in the United States.
FRENCHY, the New York "Jack the
Ripper," has been sentenced to life im
SENATOR QUAY denies the statements
in the address recently issued by dissat
isfied Pennsylvania republicans.
THE four murderers at Sing Sing,
N. Y., were electrocuted, the operation
in each case being entirely successful.
FIRE in Cincinnati destroyed the great
building at the corner of Fourth and
Elm streets, owned by William Hooper.
The loss is 81,250,000.
THE business failures throughout the
country last week number 247, as com
pared with a total of 237 tho previous
week. For the corresponding week of
last year the figures were 197.
A NEW YORK paper prints a story
about the body of the murderer Smiler,
who was put to death by electrocution,
which was removed from Sing Sing by
his wife. The reporter says he was only
able to see the faco. but it prevented a
horrible sight. The face had been
burned and seamed by tho electric fluid
until It presented the appearance of
having been boiled. One of the under
taker's. assistants said the leg was
burned to the bone through the calf.
Warden Brown positively refused to
talk about the matter.
Ax extended canvass by the NcwEng
land Homestead .shows the new people's
party is not indorsed by the farmers of
New England and New York. While
some favor more independent political
action than heretofore nearly all opposo
the idea of a special fanners' party.
One or two go go far as to say that this
party, if conservative and tlie right
platform is put forward, will draw 10
per cent, of the farmers' votes in Maine
and New York, but the majority place
this number far lower, from I to 2 per
cent, being the average. The sub
treasury bill and tlie loaning of new
issues of paper by the government on
land values are looked upon as wild
schemes, and the free coinage of silver
lias but a small following.
THE reports which come from the re
cent executions by electricity at Sing
Sing indicate beyond all question that
this new method of inflicting capital
punishment is painless and therefore a
success, The med(ca| men who made
the autopsy state that the yietiins were
seared but not- burned, $i}d slightly dis
figured but not tortured. Sp far as the
disfiguration is concerned, hanging has
no advantages over the n«W iflethod
for strangulation by the halter produces
most repulsive evidences of its work.
The physicians further testify that al
though tlie electricity entered the eyes
and caused the albuminous fluid to co
agulate and film each iris pyer, it did
not even injure the delicate optic
nerves, while as for the brain and other
organs, they were left in perfectly nor*
mal condition. The effects of tho elec
tricity, so far as the visible marks were
concerned, did not show themselves be
neath the cuticle.
AT Washington indefinite rumors of
filibustering expeditions to the southern
neighbors flf the United States are
afloat. A letter hifs beep received by a
government official in Ayhiclj the
gays that a man calling himself
Annett has bpep .engaged in Nprfo'
Va., in shipping men for a frpaSHFg hjiij
in Mexican waters. The 0B.ptaip §ai|
he wanted only seventy-five men, but
the writer is informed that he baa
shipped over ?00. Moreover k9 h.W
Europe Looks to the United States to
Supply the Deficiency In the Bread
Supply—An Official Report to the State
Tbe report on the harvest prospects In
Prance and Europe has been received at the
state department at Washington from Com
mercial Agent Orlffiu, of Limoges, France.
The National Millers' association, of France,
says tlie report just issued makes the esti
mate of the probable wheat harvest for
1891. The necessary supply of wheat for
the year's consumption in France is 128,000,
000 hectolitres. Tho estimated yield is
82,779,000 hectolitres. This is 33 per cent,
less than lest year's yield. Russia. Tunis,
Egypt, Rournaula and some Danubian
provinces will have fair harvests,
but in Hungary it. will be below
the average this year. The
estimates given by the millers are optimis
tic. Tliey desire to create the impression
that there is a better supply than really ex
ists, because they waut to buy the grain as
cheaply as possible in those countries that
have an abundance to export. In 1S90 17,
687,735 acres were sown with wheat, and tlie
average yield was 18.7 hectolitres per acre.
In conclusion the report says that not only
France, but all Europe is looking to the
wheat fields ot the United States. Last
year many hoped that South America would
help supply the deficit, especially the Ar
gentine republic, but to-day no mention is
made of these countries, and all hope is
built on the United Statos harvest. The
fact Is the bread of Europe must couio from
.earned that the vessel which Is to carry
the party is now secretly engaged in
taking aboard.a large quantity of arms
and ammunition at a port on Long
Island sound. The writer savs he doos
not want to get himself into trouble,
and above all docs not want to fight,
and although he hss signed.to go on the
expedition he will withdraw if there is
any illegal act in contemplation. Offi
cials at Washington are not disposed to
attach much importance to the com
munication, aa they believe that a fili
bustering expedition would be conducted
with more caution than appears to be
shown in this case. They are also puz
zled to guess the destination of the
party if it should be of warlike intent.
A filibustering-expedition to Mexico
would not be a healthy undertaking at
CHIEF MEREDITH has filled the places
which were kept open for the Knights
of Labor in the bureau of engraving
and printing at Washington. Had they
put in their applications tlie seven dis
charged men would all have had work
by this time and would have been hold
ing positions almost as good as those
they lost. There was need of more help
at the bureau and after a talk with Sec
retary Foster Capt. Meredith decided
that places could not b» kept open in
definitely to await the pleasure of the
knights. In time more vacancies are
likely, and the discharged men will have
a chance to apply for them. It is doubt
ful now if Secretary Foster pays any
more attention to the knights^ even so
far as to reply to I'owderly's letter. The
Ohio campaign is not involved, and the
government is finding no trouble in
getting competent plate printers to fill
the places of the knights.
AT New York Dr. Fuller, who re
cently sued his young wife for divorce,
charging ex-Judge Holme as co-re
spondent, met the latter in the ladies'
cabin of a ferryboat, blackened both his
eyes, spat upon him and denounced him
amid great excitement as a scoundrel
and a coward. Dr. Fuller then apolo
gized to the ladies in the cabin.
THE arrival of the much-dreaded
grasshoppers in the far southwest has
already been called to the attention of
the department of agriculture, together
with the information that they have al
ready spread from Arizona and Utah as
far north as South Dakota. As yet it is
not known whether theso migratory
nuisances, whose advent was mentioned
a few days ago, are the old reliable sev
enteen-year locusts or simply the ordi
nary grasshopper of the present in un
usual numbers. Tho return of the for
mer unwelcome visitor has been prophe
sied for about this time, and there is
considerable apprehension felt that per
haps he really has materialized. A spe
cialist from the agricultural depart
ment, an entomologist, will be sent
directly to examine into the situation
and decide as to how serious the pest is
likely to prove this year. The depart
ment issued a bulletin to farmers some
time ago, telling them how to distin
guish between the two classes, the
grasshopper and the seventeen-year
locust, and also giving directions a^ to
how best to fight them.
A LVERT NERILLON and C. Bourbon,
French mining engineers, are en route
to Utah. M. Bourbon said that while
the English had invested much capital
in this, country French capitalists had
been rather shy of imitating their ex
amples. They were now becoming con
vinced, however, that it would be a
good thing to do, and large amounts of
French capital were ready for invest
ment in America as soon as the posses
sors of it were convinced that their
money would be safely placed. To this
end, M. Bourbon added, he and a com
panion were going to Utah and Colorado
to inspect certain well known mining
properties. They would mako reports
upon them that could be relied upon by
tho bourse. This was made necessary
by the numerous wildcat reports which
have been spread abroad in Paris about
American enterprises.
THE law passed by the last Illinois
general assembly, which went into
effect July 1, inflicts heavy penalties for
participation in trusts and combina
tions and provides punishment for the
purchasers as welt as tho sellers of arti
cles whose price is controlled by agree
ment. Very many of the articles dealt
in by the grocers are so controlled, the
wholesalers contracting with the manu
facturers not to sell below the card
rates. This has been rather irksome to
tlie large dealers here, and they have
taken opportunity to notify tlie manu
facturers that under the law the can no
longer be bound by the agreement.
Whether the resultwill be a disturbance
in values remains to be seen.
THE whisky trust has notified the col
lector of internal revenue that the out
put of the Shufoldt and Calumet distil
leries has been reduced. At I'coria
similar reduction has taken place and
tho same is true of other distilleries in
the trust. The trust officers claim the
decrease in tho output from Shufeldt's
distillery is because of the usual summer
stagnation, but as the trust distilleries
are universally restricting their output
those who are In a position to know say
the trust don't intend to waste its money
when this is unnecessary.
THE weather crop bulletin of the Da
kotas for last week shows a great im
provement in all crops. Where the
moisture was ample the wheat, oats,
rye, barley and potatoes have made
marked advances. Considerable barley
and rye has been cut. Some early wheat
is nearly ripe and all is heading out
satisfactorily. Considerable haying has
been done. Corn has made fine pro
gress. Altogether the outlook con
tinues to Improve, and the prospect for
a large harvest is flattering,
TIIE supreme court of Kansas, on the
statement of facts presented in the
mandamus of the board of directors of
tho penitentiary, held that the eight
hour law did not apply to any of the
state institutions. This settles the
question of the extra session of the leg
islature, as the appropriations are suf
ficient to run the institutions under the
old law-
THE Sunflower club, the Kansas in
surance men's organization, has been
held by the supreme court of Kansas to
be organized in violation of the anti
trust laws of the statp. The organiza
tion was formed to ipaintain suitable jn
surance rates in Kansas apd Missouri.
OF the Mississippi counties which have
nominated their legislative candidates
the result stands for United States
senator: George, 17% votes Barks
dale, 3. Barksdale favors the sub
treasury schcme, while George op
poses it. This is the principal issue be
tween them. The result so far points
cjearly tp George's re-election and indi
cates that thp subtreasifry has i)ot a
large following. Barksdale is no$ at all
discQuraged, $nd l)e
his friends
plaim thaf the counties yet tp act will
chapge the result iii his favor.
JAMES BARLEY, t|ie negrp \yhq crim
Jnaliy assapltp4 Mrs. }?alsom, pf Bpebe,
Ark., was taken from jail at that place
by an infuriated mob ^nd hanged tp a.
railroad sign. The coroner's jury re
turned a verdict of dpatli at the lijipds
Unknown persons.
L, J. Iiox[}Y, editor of tlip L'Orleans,
at New Orlpans, and A, S. Cp,ruthers,
editor of the Mascot, fought a duel,
using rapiers, C&ruthers was cut below
the eye and the seconds declared honors,
The combatants wore subsequently rec
Tns vicinity of Summit, Miss., was
visited by two cyclones. They were
about eight miles apart. Many houses
were destroyed and a number of people
injured and one child killed.
THE jiary in the case of ex-State
Treasurer Nplant} of Missouri returned
a verdict of guilty of embezzlement and
fixed tho penajty at two years in tfte
Small Items of Crime and Casualty In
South Dakota Improvement Notos
Throughout the Commonwealth—Va
rious Kvonts of More Than Usual Im
THE Henry (S. D.) Independent has
carried out a happy idea in refutation
of the impression prevalent in the
eastern states that the people of South
Dakota are almost on the verge of
starvation. The Independent picked out
at random twenty-five representative
farmers of Coddington county and sub
mitted the following list of questions,
among others, urging only conservative
answers: 1. When did you settle, here?
2. What was the total value of all of
your possessions at that time? 3. What
are you now worth? 4. What do you
consider deeded real estate worth per
acre in your vicinity? A summary of
the answers shows that the twenty-five
gentlemen had been residents of that,
locality, on an average, about eight
years. The average wealth of each man
at the date of settlement was $557.98.
The average wealth ,to-day is 33,847,
showing that each has accumulated an
average of 5500 each year. The average
value per acre of improved deeded real
estate was, calculating on the same
basis, 811.25 per aero, and unimproved
deeded real estate $5.75 per acre. All
the answers expressed that tlie writers
were entirely satisfied with their lot
and had no desire to abandon the state
for another. The same showing could
probably be made in every county in
South Dakota, a complete disproof of
tho slanders against tho state which are
sometimes believed in the east.
The Tin In tho Hills.
WITHIN several days a number of
eastern papers have contained lengthy
articles to tho effect that there was no
tin in the Black Hills and that the whole
tin business was a gigantic fraud. The
fact that these letters, which closely re
semble each other, appeared almost
simultaneously in a. number of daily
papers of both political parties pub
lished in different cities, is rather sus
picious. There is a feeling among some
of the people that they were sent out by
some one connected with the Harney
Peak company as an aid to a stock
jobbing scheme, but this is only con
jecture. The letters grossly misrepre
sent the condition of affairs, and the
people, especially the miners, at Rapid
City, S D.,say they know that there is
tin in the Hills, notwithstanding the
fact that the Harney Peak company has
spent thousands of dollars in buying
claims and prospecting and has uot yet
produced a ton of marketable tin. A
local company has been organized which
will go into the mining, milling and
manufacturing business in a business
like manner, and will have no connec
tion with any other company. This
will mean a good deal for the material
advancement of the Hills country.
Pushing Work in tho Tin Mines*
SUPT. WILBSIE, of the Harney Peak
Tin Mining company at Rapid City de
nies that there is any discord between
the English and American directors of
the company. The men are working
night and day, he says, sinking five
shafts, and arrangements have been
made for the erection of the reduction
Agricultural Press Bulletin.
THE South Dakota agricultural ex
periment station has commenced a new
feature in the way of press bulletins,
which are sent to the newspapers of the
state for publication, giving results of
tests made at the station in regard to
various matters. No. 1 pertains to head
fti£ Crop of Clilckenn.
LIKE everything else the prairie
chicken crop is immense in South Da
kota this year. Hunters report that the
young chickens are strong enough to fly
and are very numerous.
Koal Estate Agonts' Convention.
A CONVENTION of tlie real estate
agents of the south half of South Dakota
was held a Yankton for the purpose of
effecting a state organization for their
mutual benefit.
Madison Will Have a Spouter.
MADISON'S artesian well is now down
nearly 900 feet. The city has voted
810,000 to prosecute the work and bor
ing will continue until a spouter is
Kronta Great and Small of Interest All
Around the State*
THE closing chapter in a case at law
which has resulted in the blasting of the
lives of a whole family was settled in
the district court at Beatrice, Neb. One
year ago Owen Owens, the head of a
family residing in that county, was
tried, convicted and sent to the peniten
tiary for a term of seven years for an
alleged crime of incest. Recently the
supreme court passed on tho case and
ruled that the evidence did not sustain
the verdict. Judge Appleget, of tho
district court, immediately nollo prose
qued the case and ordered that Owens
be released from the penitentiary. In
tho family are a number of grown up
children, and one or two of them mar
ried. Owens is sixty-five years old, and
it is thought he cannot live much
longer, owing to tho shock to his mind
caused by his incarceration and tho
odium of the charge, which, in the eyes
of the public was uot sustained by the
Roatylisting Nebraska Railroad Rates.
THE Nebraska state board of trans
portation has its secretaries at work
gathering data to be used in considering
a readjustment of railroad rates in the
state. One of the secretaries is author
ity for the statement that they intend
to make a local distance tariff for
Nebraska and submit it to the board.
He ventured the opinion that it will be
completed before the fall crops are
moyed. Of course it is impossible to tell
what that tariff will be. The secretaries
themselves probably do not know, but
they haye been speculating on the fu
ture and they '^tliink" it will range froiq
10 tp 25 per cent, higher than the low:*
"Thp Return or Spring,"
CAREY J. WARBINTON is a free man
again. He is the self-appointed pro
tector of female virtue, who during the
art exhibition last fall in Omaha visited
the gallery at Thirteenth and Harney
streets, and while there suddenly came
before Bougereau's famous painting,
"The Return of Spring." The picture
shocked his modesty and ho at onco
threw a chair through it, mining the
handsome work of art. He \yas arrested
$nd given a trial, but the jury disr
agrepd. T|ie defense was insanity. The
cqunty attorney called up the case and
asked the court to dismiss it, as he wa$
convinced np conviction coujd bo had.
Rpiml^Hcai} Convejntiqn Date.
THE rePub]icaP state central com
mlttep pf Nebraska has fixed Sepi- 24th
at Lincoln for the state cpnvpntioq. A
lpng discussion censued ip the com?
jpjttee as to the advisability pf request^
jng the state board of transportation to
reducp the railroad rates ip Nebraska.
It was shpwn, however, that the bpard
was already engaged on the work, and
it was therefore allowed to take its time
in announcing its determination.
The Audience Grow Tired.
A CIRCUS visited Cliadron last week,
but will probably not do so again. The
audience at night was small but en
thusiastic, and growing tired of the de
lay in starting the performance, opened
up the show by the music of their six
shooters. The lights were shot opt and
the show people fled to the police station
fpr protection- No performance was
given tb,it night
A STRANGE sect has come to public
notice in Madrid. There are about
1,000 members in Madrid and the mem
bership in the provinces i3 increasing
despite the united efforts of the govern
ment and the clericals to check its
growth. The two leading doctrines of
the sect are the propagation of tho
human race and the banishment of dis
ease. -The leader is a former workman
named Jemina, who is called "the great
pontiff." After prayers and singing at
their meetings the pontiff blesses the
sick and administers doses of holy water
to them. Crowds of sick people flock to
him to be healed. The gatherings take
place at night. The strictest morality
is enforced as a part of the tenets of the
new religion. The doctrine of the prop
agation of the race is carried into prac
tical effect in this wise: Any woman is
entitled to rise In meeting and cry out,
"I wish to marry So-and-So," naming
the favored man. The man upon whom
her choice has fallen is doomed to be
come a husband. It is useless for him
to protest prior engagements. The pon
tiff marries tlie couple then and there.
Over 300 such marriages have been con
summated and the popularity of the
pontiff among women desiring matri
monial partners is unbounded. Their
benefactor is just now under a cloud,
having been thrust into prison on a
charge of practicing edicine without
legal authority. Scores of women show
their devotion to the persecuted pontiff
by .gathering outside the prison and
uttering lamentations and expressions
of sympathy for him.
THE English people have had their
heads quite full of the German emperor
all the week. They have taken a fancy
to him and he returns the compliment.
It would be a great mistake to look upon
this visit as one of ceremony only. It
possesses high political importance and_
may materially shape the course of
European politics for some years to
come. It is true England lias no army
worth considering, but it has plenty of
money. Tho emperor probably did not
forget when he went to London that the
sinews of war are found there in profu
sion, and men and arms are easily
picked up anywhere. Some French
papers are trying to make out the visit
has been a failure, but they know noth
ing about it. It is afar greater success
than any one ventured to anticipate.
The opinion of the best informed per
sons in positions of power and responsi
bility is that the alliance between En
gland and Germany, though informal, is
infinitely stronger than ever it has been
before, and that it is a potent influence
which other great European powers
cannot henceforth afford to leave out of
WHEN Mgr. Folchie took the admin
istration of tlie Vatican finances he had
under his control about 25,000.000 lire,
and after eight years' administration
about 31,000,000 lire, of which, however,
6,000,000 was still in danger, as it con
sisted of loans made to the Roman
princes and of a large number of depre
ciated securities. All the time Folchie
has paid over each year to the pope the
sum of $120,000 to cover the extraordin
ary expenses of tho Vatican. Conse
quently his adversaries can only re
proach him with making imprudent in
vestments and with the Catholic banks
affair. The reaction, consequently, has
already begun to be noticed in his favor
and many Roman groups are beginning
to think his rivals acted too violently.
In any case the pope has been kept in
ignorance of these speculations and it is
known he disapproves and lias always
disapproved all kinds of Catholic banks.
LATE mail advices from London indi
cate an excessively weak money mar
ket in that city, with corresponding
conditions in other parts of tho united
kingdom. They say short time bills
had recently been negotiated at tlie low
rate of 1 per cent, per annum, and for
longer times the rates were very low,
with an unusually small volume of de
mand by borrowers. The abundance of
money is explained to be in great part
due to the prevailing distrust, which
makes capitalists "unwilling to lix
funds." Many men prefer to let their
money lie in the bank at 1 per cent, per
annum rather than risk the principal in
any of the offered forms of investment.
Hence business in stocks has sunk to
insignificant proportions.
MR. PARNEI.L says that his marriage
will shortly be celebrated with all due
form and ceremony in a London church,
although the vicar of Steyningso harsh
ly refused to permit the wedding to take
place in his church. No priest in holy
orders can be compelled to perform the
marriage ceremony for a divorced
woman, nor is there any penalty at
tached for his refusal. But any other
clergyman of the diocese has a perfect
right to perform the marriage service in
any church of that diocese therefore
the vicar of Steyning was not strictly
within his right when he wired to Mr.
Parnell, "No wedding in my church."
THE rosult of tho election at Carlow
for a successor in parliament to the late
O'Gorman Mahon resulted in a crushing
defeat for tho Parncllite candidate in a
district which Parnell admitted was his
stronghold and where, he said, if lie
was defeated lie could admit, that there
is nothing left in political life for him to
fall back upon.
IT has been definitely decided to hold
an Italian-American exposition at Rome,
to open in September, 1892, in commem
oration of the discovery of America.
The aim will bo to show the progress
made by the two countries and develop
their commercial relations.
A SENSATION has been caused in Col
ogne by tho discovery of a number of
child murders at a baby farm kept by a
woman named Scholz. The d^ath of
six babies has been traced to inanition.
SWITZERLAND has adopted by popular
vote a new law which empowers 50,000
citizens to submit the text of bills to the
chambers, and to compel the chambers
to discuss such bills.
THE census of England and Wales
shows a total population of 29,001,018,
an increase of 3,02G,572, or 11.05 per
cent., since the last censps wq.s taken.
SPRING wheat in Russia will yield a
good harvest and this will compensate
fqr the deficiency in winter whe^t.
THE Prince of Wales narrowly escaped
a hostile popular reception in London
during the German pmperor's visit.
Investigating Indian A (fonts.
GEN. MILES has sent Capt. Iluggins,
one of his aides, to the Indian agencies
along the upper Missouri river with the
object, it is said, of inquiring into the
abuses alleged to exist in the treatment
by Indian agents of their charges.
FULTON GARDINER, of Chicago, has
invented an electric drill. He wants tp
show it in operation at the world's fair,
apd proposes to drill a hole to the cen
ter pf the parth.
3 85
CATTLE—Common to prime.$
IIoas—Shipping grades
Rips —....
BpTTER—Western dairy....
CATTLE—Common to prime.$ 3.00
& 4.00
CATTOB—Fat steers 9 5.00
HOAA 4.70
SHEEP 4.00
& 3.73
& 4. SO
& 5.00
& 4,35
-A? jv^v*Aw-^
Mlolilgan and Wisconsin Only Will Be
Short on Hay—Grain Damaged In Lo
calities, but a Heavy Crop Assured-
Causes of Occasional Failure*
The following appears in the Farmers'
The reports of our correspondents in
twelve States show that in some the hey
crop will be enormous, and in two or
three an almost complete failure.
In Illinois lifty-nine correspondents
say that the prospects for a large crop
aro good. Thirty-fivo correspondents
say that in their counties the crop will
be light, owing to the spring drought.
The outlook for the State, as a whole, is
In Indiana tho condition does not vary
greatly from that in Illinois.
In Ohio the condition is the same as in
the two above-mentioned States.
The condition of the hay crop in Ken
tucky is just the opposite of that of tlie
three States previously referred to In
two-thirds of the counties the crop is
very poor. The drought in May gave it
a back-set from whicli it was not able to
recover. In some counties the clover is
good, but timothy, in the same counties,
will not make half a crop.
Michigan is very much woise off than
Kentucky. Forty-six correspondents ro
port tho outlook as bad, and only ten
report tho crop as average in condition.
Missouri is rejoicing In an abundant
crop: tho hay crop was never better.
Only one county reports the crop as be
low expectations.
Kansas and Nebraska aro in tho same
condition as Missouri, tho hay crop be
ing uniformly large, and in good con
dition. Tho reports from every corre
spondent in Nebraska, and from all but
one in Kansas, aie to the same effect.
In Wisconsin tho drought lias blasted
the hopes of even a fair hay ciop, and
only ten correspondents report the con
dition as good, while, on the other hand,
fifly-three report tho crop as in a very
bad condition.
In Iowa tho early drought was not
able to retard the grass beyond recupera
tion, and the copious rains have brought
it forward in line shape. Fifty-eight
correspondents report that the crop is
first class, while only a few report it as
from one-half to three-fourths of an
The condition in the Dakotas is oven
better than in Iowa, eight out of every
nine correspondents giving an encour
aging report.
In Minnesota tho hay prospects are
good in two-thirds of the counties poor
in the others.
The annual crop report of the J.
Case Threshing Machine Company. Ra
cine, Wis., which is made from careful
reports sent by their agents throughout
the country, states that should no ad
verse condition set in during the next
two weeks tho Northwest will have se
cured the largest grain crop ever known.
The dangers to be apprehended are from
too much rain and hot winds. Except in
Central Wisconsin and some parts of
South Dakota there is an excess of
moisture already, seriously interfering
with the cultivation of corn and causing
an excessive growth of straw in wheat
and oats. Harvest is progressing in
Southern Iowa and Nebra-ka. The fol
lowing table gives the results. In sum
mary form, as reported from the States
Iowa—One hundred and one reports
small grain: 82 good, 17 fair,
corn, 47 good, 45 fair, 9 poor
Minnesota—Fifty-eight reports small
grain: 51 good, 7 fair corn, 19 good,
fair, 12 poor.
Nebraska—Sixty reports small grain:
53 good, 7 fair -corn, 30 good, 23 fair, 7
North Dakota—Fourteen reports small
grain: 14 good.
South Dakota—Thirty-eight reports
small grain: 32 good, 6 fair corn, 14
good, 13 fair, 11 poor.
Wisconsin—Fifty-six reports small
grain: 16 good, 22 fair, 18 poor corn,
26 good, 20 fair, 10 poor.
Iowa complains of too much rain, es
pecially in the north aud northwest, and
damage by hail and iiood in northwest
counties. In Minnesota tho conditions
are very favorable throughout tho State.
Nebraska reports excessive rain in tho
eastern part. Harvest is now under
way and well over in the southern por
tions. North Dakota's present prospect
Is for a crop in excess of any ever raised.
South Dakota conditions aro favorable
for wheat. Cold and late spring and cut
worms injured corn. Wisconsin—This
State, except in the northwest and along
the south line, is below average, owing
to dry weather in April and .May. Tho
last storm appears to have been quite
general, and doubtless did more or loss
damage to tho heavy stands of small
grain, besides furthor delaying attention
to the corn-fields whero the weeds are
struggling for the mastery.
An Acquitted Mau Says He Kilietl J. P,
Cash Twenty-four Years Ago.
About twenty-four years ago J. P.
Cash was murdered four miles west of
Paris, III., and Bruce Ray and C'. W.
Perry were arrested charged with the
crime. Vendever Perry escaped. Ray
and C. W. Perry were acquitted. A let
ter was received at Paris which exoner
ates Vandever Perry of all complicity in
the crime, and is as follows:
TO all whom It may concern:
Believing that I urn about to die, I wish
to make a confession of tho murder of J. P.
Cash on the evening of tho 18th of Decem
ber, 1867, at tho residence of tho deceased's
brother, Johnson Cash, about four miles
west of Paris, Edgar County, Illinois, the
crime of which my brother, Vandevor l'erry,
was charged. But when I met my brother
on tho 2(Hh of January, 1868, 1 told him
Just how it was, and that If he had done as
I wanted him to do and kept out of the way
as much as he could and did accidentally
get caught, I would step in and give my
self up aud he should be vindicated and
exonerated from all harm. If he did not
he would have to suffer an unjust punish
ment that I had been tried and ac
quitted, and they had nothiug against me
as far as they knew. Some of them
thought my brother had a knife, but he did
not. I took tho knife and used it, hut in
self-defense, as Mr. Cash came at me «ith
a club, swearing he would knock my brains
out. He struck at mo with tho club. I
threw up my left arm and knocked the lick
off, and we came together and I had to do
something to save myself. Now 1 make
this confession to let the people know who
did It and to cjear my brother of tho charge
against him, as I am about ready to die and
bo out of the way. PERRY.
P. 8.—When this Is found havo it publish
ed In the papers so all who are concerned
may know that I was tho man, and not my
brother, who killed Sir. Cash.
California'* ^evr La\
IF a lake has been permanently re
stored to its ancient bod in California by
an earthquake shock it will be a very
unusual case of seismic beneficence for
which the State should be duly grateful
A lake is better than a desert.—
lyn. Citizen.
THE sudden appearance of a lake
whero theyo was a desert before, out in
Arizona, is attributed to a subterranean
deposit of water. In view of the fact
that there has been no recent squeeze in
the stocks of tlie transcontinental roads
this may be tho correct theory.—Pitts
burg Ilsputch.
A GKEAT lake in the Colorado Desert
basin would be of incalculable benefit to
that region, and if, as reported, the Col
orado River has started in to form one,
It should not be interfered with. But
the story has a supicion of far Western
spaciousness in tho shape in which it
comes.— Buffalo Express.
IF the basin fills with water it will
modify to a considerablo extent the
desert climate of Southera California
and Arizona. Tho cause of the lake Is
not known. If tho recent San Josa
earthquake has opened a permanent
connection with tho Pacific Ocean, the
Gulf of California, or the Colorado River,
it will be great benofactor. There can
be no doubt that such a connection for
merly existed, and was closed by earth
quake3.—Blnghamtan Republican,
WHENEVER a soul is converted it be
comes possible for God to make the world
a little richer.
Louisiana Convicts Killed In a Terrible
Wind Storm at Baton Rouge—Results
Elsevvliere—Loss of l.lfa on England's
Coast—Baloon Struck by Lightning.
The cyclone that wrecked the State
penitentiary at Haton Rouge, La, was
widespread and its results most disas
trous. At that place tifty houses were
destroyed besides the prison building.
Ten con\icts were killed, thirty-ait
wounded, six fatally, and the streets of
(he beautiful little city presented a woe
jl picture of destruction.
There were forty prisoners at work In
tho pants factory at the time of the
:!rash, and of that number six were
:il!ed, aud twenty-two were wounded
uid horribly crushed. On the second story
DI central floor was the hospital, where
twenty-six prisoners lay undergoing
medical treatment, of which number four
were killed and fourteen seriously if not
fatally injured. The lire alarm was'!
tounded and the entiro fire department
was summoned to the scone of the dread
ful catastrophe, and together with the
.-Itizens and prison oflicials, aided by the
injured prisoners, worked vigorously for
the rescue of tho unfortunate souls, who
laj', some dond and others dying, con
lined under tho great heap of debris that
v/as thickly strewn over every quarter of
the premises. Scenes of the greatest
honor greeted the eyo of thoso engaged
in the rescuing work, and the pitiful
wails and deat'i groans from the men
buried out of sight by massive heaps of
bricks and mortar could be heard arising
from every part of tho wreck, imploring
help, and altogether tho scene was heart
rending. Tho storm was attended by a
most violent rain, in which tho resfcu'ers
toiled for several hours, or until both
the living and the dead were extricated
from tlie ruins.
The tow-boat Smoky City was caught
eight miles below the city, and almost
wrecked. One man was drownod, and
nine of the crew seriously hurt
Near Brook Haven aud Madison, Miss.,
several people were killed, many wound
ed, and crops and buildings leveled.
At Galveston. Texas, a driving southi
west wind accompanied by heavy rain
caused many of the lower portions of the
city to be practically inundated. Tha
wind readied a velocity of flfty-fiva
miles per hour. The electric-light plant
was useless, and the darkness added to.
the fury of tho storm made anything
like travel impossible, and caused many
to think that a repetition of the great
storm flood of 18SS was about to occur.
All street railway service was aban
doned. The worst damage done was
along the Ciulf beach, where the terrifia
force of the surf carried away almost
everything within its reach.
Tlie tide was the highest known for
years and when the wind veered to the
west late at night it looked as though
every craft in the harbor was doomed to
destruction. Much uneasiness is felt for
the safety of the steamer Pra-iklin, due
from tho banana fields of Nicaragua.
The occup-mts of tho pagodas and many
of the beach resorts had to be taken
out by means of life-saving lines.
Throughout the city houses wore blown
down and steps and stairs were carried
away. Several eople were injured.
The Monger Captive 1'allcon of Pari*
truck by Lightning.
The frolicsome Frenchman at tha
Paris exposition had a monster captive -1
balloon, which was one of the wonders
of the vast multitudes who saw it. It "M
wa-i brought direct to Chicago, to ba •v
used in a celebration of the Fourth, and *il
ascensions were so oxtensively advertis- "a
ed that thousanas went to see it. High
winds, however, and insufficient gas,
supply rendered trips impossible, and
preparations were made for a later ex
hibition. But she has mado her last
trip. "jig
The direful electrical storms which
have swept the Southern States swooped ciS
down upon Chicago iii the middle of tha'^
night tho monster balloon, with it9
100,000 cubic feet of gas, was rolling 1|
ponderously, making tho restraining
hawsers used as guy ropes groan anqr'^
creak, when Hash!—a b.'ilt descended"-^3
and the next instant there was a fabu* '--jl
lous.mass of flame which startled thfl
surrounding country by its intensity a
sullen roar, a trembling of tho earth,
which threw people fro their feet and
shattered windows—and the erstwhila
captive was captive no more. Light
ning had released it fiom its bonds, and
a piio of ashes alone marked the scene
of its hist abiding place on earth. Pro
fes.-ors Codard and l'anis, of Paris, who
hud the balloon in charge, were both
very severoly burned. The air-ship cost
S2:"i,ooo, and had nevor made an ascen
sion in America. It had been in use in
Frame for several years. It was ninety
feet in height, sixty feet in diameter,
and carried twenty people in its flight.
Tho Vessel Breaks a Crank Kn and II
Obliged to Iteturn t'i Sew York.
The lookout-man in his eyrie on Flra
Island, off New York, was startled by
signals from tho North German. Lloyd
steamship Eider, which told of a meet- 3
ing in mid-ocean with tho big Cunardei
Servia. The latter was in tow of the
little oil-tanker Chester, and had her
crank-pin broken. Tho accident was
discovered just in time to prevent the
piston rod from thrashing around as It
did on tho City of Paris, when a similar
accident befell that vessol oil Ireland's
coast. The Servia was perfectly help
less, except for her sails, and it was
fortunate indeed for her that the "tank
er" appoarcd so opportunely. It is also
fortunate for the Chester, as sha
will get more for salvaso on tho mag-«
nilicont Cunarder than she could niak«
in a whole season of oil trade, tshi
struggled along with her monster bur
den at tho rato of five knots an hour,
retracing the way to New York. 'Ih4
Captain of the Eider says that Captain
Dutton of the Servia reported his shij
in no danger, and declined assistance
from tho Eider, but requested that 4
fleet of tugs bo sent to him off the har
A large number of passengers were on
board the Servia, most of them being
Chicago people. Prince George of Greec4
Is also on the ship.
Collision Horror.
Intelligence has been received at Lon.
4on that a large steamer sunk off Dovor.
Tho dispatches say that one mast of th4
vessel is visible above tho water. Th'
wreck appers to be that of a steamer oi
over a thousand tons burden. No £n^
,vivors of the disaster have yet reacbeff
ports near tho spot where the vessel
The British steamer Kinloch,
tons register, from Zebu, May2i,'fH
London, passed Deal with her bowscom
pletely smashed, and it is thought that
she may "kiavo been concerned with thl
Later Tho steamer Kinloch ha!
landed at Gravesend part of the crew
of the sunken steamer, which was tha
Dunholme, bound from Middlesborougn
to Rio Janeiro. Tho Dunholme
sunk at 2 o'clock in the morning, two
minutes after a collision with the Kin
loch. Seventeen of the persons on
board at the timo. of tho collision art.,
missing. The captain, mate, two sail"
ors, and three firemen of tho Dunholnw
are saved. They state that the Kinlocn
struck tho Dunholmo in a thick fog*
From Great Jblnds.
THERE is in some houses an
sclous atmosphere of domestic and socia
ozone which brightens ovorobody, wea^
cannot givo it nor can poverty take
FOOLS with bookish knowledge areciu
dren with edged weapons they hurt tM
solves and put others in pain. The
learned is more dangerous than the
THE heart never grows better by AS®J
I fear rather worse always harder.
young liar will bo an old one, and a }0
knave will only be a greater knave as
grows older.
rsfeVtafer' .. r.^

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