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Turner County herald. (Hurley, Dakota [S.D.]) 1883-19??, July 16, 1891, Image 3

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn2001063133/1891-07-16/ed-1/seq-3/

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The Poorhouse Waifs.
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\Vhftn Joe woke up the next morning
tho sva was shining across the floor the
pattern on the carpet looked brilliant:
rsuch o**utifui, bright colors she had
••never scon on a floor.
There was a prodigious noise outside.
'Chickens were cackling and cackling,
cocks crowing, gft&:se cackling, turkeys
gobbtlng, men shouting and calling to
'I each other. There was a sound indoors
—a rattling of pans and sound of dishes
and many feet moving.
.loo sat bolt upright. Everything was
so strango She did not know where she
^*S$was until she recalled her journey. She
had slipped out of her bed. was slipping
quietly into her clothes, when suddenly
a head was thrust in the door.
"Oh. you are up. Well, you'll find
some thJiigs on the chair over there, and
an apran."
Then the h^ad was withdrawn.
The voic was Samantha's. It was
sharp and disagreeable. Joe did not
li\e It. But she turned to the chair,
where she found a brown stuff dross, a
world too wide and much too long for
her. The sleeves were so long they
came down over her hands When she
was faily in the dress she gave herself a
-Uuuiph! I feel liko—like a granny
in its. I supDose I've got to wearit.
I'd rather have my old one—but here
She turned up the sleeves aud put tho
apron on and tied it Then she discovered
it was wrong side out She turned it,
and wondered if she did not look like a
woman. Then she walked down to the
"You are here, are vou?" said Mrs.
Wonder. "Go out and bring in the pans
the chicken feed was in. Wash them
out—clean, mind thon wash tho milk
pails, ana mind you scald them with hot
.loe, who was very quick-witted, won
dered how they could be scalded with cold
water, but she obeyed the orders prompt
ly. SamantUi observed her critically,
then deliberately washed the feed pans
aud scalded the pails.
"Now, maybe you can do it the next:
One or two of tho farm hands were
looking on. They wore waiting for their
breakfast, and Joe blushed for shame.
The men ate break-fast first. Mr. Job
Wonder was so busy he did not see Joe
lor a good while. Then he asked her
"Well, how'd you sleep last night?
Tooty good, I reckon. My wife's beds
ain't ekalled in Acorn County leastwise
Ss* I -never find none like 'em."
"I slept very well, thank you." said
Joe with burning chcoks.
When the men wore gone, Mrs. Won-:
der, Satnautha, two girls that were here,
there, everywhere, Joe thought, at once,
aud Joe sat down to the table. Tho
breakfast was not as bountiful as the
supper: but thero was more on the table,
and a greater variety, than Joe had ever
beheld on Mr. Zeko Caper's private ta
ble. of which she had obtained mauy
glimpses in passing his rooms.
When breakfast was over, Joe, with
out being prompted, was helping to wash
the dishes, when Mrs. Wonder told her
to drive tho cows down tho lane into the
meadow, and put tho bars up after thom.
Joe wont about her task like one who
understood it. One little cow, a brindle,
with crumpled horns refused to follow
the others. She turned on Joe, and Joe
retreated precipitately. Again and
again Joe returned to the charge, and
the cow with the crumpled horns Invari
ably drove her back.
Finally, when she was a little fright
ened, sho picked up a stone, threw it,
hit the cow on tho horn, and brindle
about-faced and trotted into the meadow
after her fellows. When Joe returned
to the house, sho was perspiring with
her exertions.
There was a curious twinkle in the
other girls' eyes, and even Mrs. Wonder
seemed to bo trying to keep her coun
tenance. Saraantha snorted out:
"You let brindle get ahead of you.
You've got to make the cows mind you
If you'll make your salt In the coun
try. miss?"
"What must I do now?" Joe asked Mrs.
Mrs. Wonder gave her numerous or
dera, They were so many that Joe
thought it impossible to perform tho du
ties in one day. But she obeyed her in
structions to the best of her ability.
Then, to her surprise, she found she had
abundance of time.
Availing herself of the opportunity,
sho stole out to the barn where the
chickens were hunting food. Then sho
ran down to tho brook, and watched the
ducks and geese playing In the ponds
made for them.
Suddenly she remembered her banjo
and accordion.
To return to tho house, get hor treas
ures, and slip out tho back way, and
mako a circle to the barn occupied loss
than fifteen minutes.
"I can play here, and no one will hear
me," said Joe to hersolf gayly as sho
thummed the banjo, and hummed a
song. Then she tried the wheezy old
accordion by way of variety. Whou sho
satisfied herself she had found a hiding
place for these treasures, sho concealed
them, and returned to tho farm house,
where Samantha contrived to find work
for her.
She placed a pile of carpet-rags before
her, instructed her how to sew them,
and poor Joe was loft alone with the
When Job Wonder entered the house
in the middle of the afternoon, he
found Joe lying with her head against
chair, fast asleep, her needle lying
her lap.
Job called hia wife. "What makes
you set her to sewing them rags!"
«I didn't do It"
"Whare's Samanthy?—Samanthy's did
it then."
"What is it now?" Samantha asked,
coming In.
"Job don't want the new girl to be
killed with work, I reckon," said Mrs.
"Wonder, scornfully.
"'Taln't that, ezackly—only I want
you to break herln easy liko. She ain't
used to steddy work."
"Well, she'll learn it if sho lives here,"
responded^ Samantha tartly.
"Now, Samanthy, you go
some say here. I reckon."
"You wouldn't, then, if I was your
.wife. I'd not have any man meddlln' in
the house."
slow. I'vo
Job felt ill at ease. He was not qu'to
sure he had done right bringing a girl
home from the poorhouso. But he con
trolled himself and walked out.
Poor Joe, who was wide awake now
(the conversation aroused her), from
that moment disliked Samantha fully as
much as Samantha disliked her.
In time sho began to feel more at
home. At tho end of a week she knew
and called every farmhand by his name,
knew tlie names of the horses and cows,
and learned, like the others, to call
Samantha "a crank."
But sho made many mortifying mis
takes. Both the women forgot she had
,no opportunities. Both exported quite
•as much of her as of any girl of a sim
ilar age familiar with farm life. Both
(indulged peculiar whims both were set
In their ways. Samantha. to mako her
self more disagreeable, was stiff, pre
cise, angular, exacting. She was a
thorn in her brother's side. Mrs. Won
der, if left alone, would have sympa
thized more with her husband's alms,
and fell more in his ways and views of
'life. With the best intentions in the
world, Samantha rendered her brother
miserable at times.
Job was well named. A more patient
man did not live in Acorn County.
He was looking over some papers one
like a—a
"Why don't you spit it out, Samanthy?
An eejiot. Is that it?"
"You'vo said it"
"What's the gai done now?"
"I told her to boil a quart of rice."
"Well—go on."
"I was busy—so was Maria. Well—I
was busy over the bedding, and a good
while afterward I called to Joe to put on
some cabbage, as tho other girls were
in. I said to put it in the pot. She said
the pot? were all full. 'That can't be,'
says I. -Nothing to put the cabbage in?'
I called down. 'No.'says she 'every-j
thing's full of rice.' Now, Job, what do
you think that ignorant creaturo did?
Instead of putting on enough rice to
make a quart, she deliberately measured
out a whole quart of rice and put it in
theipot! Of course the rico swelled, and
sweyed, and swelled! She got out all
the pans and put it in them, and got
out tho other pot—and it swelled and
"There, thero! Stop! You'll ki mo!"
said Job, putting his hands to his sides
as he laughed until tears rolled down
his cheeks.
Samantha bounced out of the room,
angry with him, with his wife, with
everybody and everything. Poor Joe
was laughed at by tho women folks for
a week.
Tho next formal complaint was mado
by Mrs. Wonder.
"Will you liston to mo. Job? You
must take that girl away, ^.fter all the
trouble I've been at to get my hair
matched, didn't Joe take my new switch,
that cost me eighteen dollars, plait it,
and make a whip out of it to chase the
cat with."
Job was consuming with inward
laughter, but he did not daro to look at
his wife.
"The gal's lively—full of ideas, that's
Another and greater grievance was
poor Joe's tenacious hold upon her banjo
and accordion. The farm-hands sur
prised her playing ono day. If she had
any spare time she hastened to tho barn,
and thummed hor banjo and played the
I will explain here that those solo
treasures were bequeathed to her by a
poor wretch who died at Barnesville
poorhouso—a man who In his time was
a negro minstrel, but could not stand
prosperity He took to Joe from tho
first, and when he found his fingers had
not wholly lost their cunning he taught!
her as he sadly picked up aud played
upon the instruments that had made his
namo famous.
Joe romembered—treasured up scraps
of tho songs he sang, and what she
could not remember, she "pieced out,"
woman-like, with her own composition.
She made parts of tunes. Anything
more laughable or whimsical than Joe's
performances on tho banjo and ac
cordion, wheozy. torn as it was, could
scarcely be conceived. This was a
sample of the extemporo performances
the farm hands enjoyed when they
prevailed upon hor to bring hor banjo
and accordion to the farmhouse, aud
play while thoy gathered around her in
a wondering, admiring group.
(With banjo accompanyment)
Como day, go day.
Lord send Sunday:
Shake dat nlggor out ob do grass,
Or he'll never see Mouday.
Nevor soo—never see Monday.
(With accordion—vory dismal.)
O poor Lucy No-a-a-1,
O poor Lucy Ne-a-a-l,
If 1 had you by my sido
How happy I would feel.
(With banjo—rapid.)
A little tuau came riding by,
Says I, "Ole man. your hoss will die."
"Well, if he dies I'll tan his skin.
An' If lie lives I'll ride him agin."
(Very rapid):
Camptown ladies sing dls song,
Du da, du da
Camptown race-truck fivo mllos long,
Du da. du da
Went down dar wid pocket full ob tin,
Du da. du da
Came back home wid hat smashed 111,
Du la, du da, da-a-a.
Gwlne to run all night,
Gwlne to run all day
I'll bet my money on do bobtail boss,
Who'll bet on do bay-y-y?
As Joe entertained tho group beside
the farm door, she "worked hard" to
borrow Job's ianguage. Hor feet, head
and hands were in constant motion,
showing, as Job Wonder said, a com-,
mendable resolution to "get there."
But Joo's accomplishments wcro not
limited to the banjo and accordion. Sho
was nimble-footed, and remembering
some of the "steps" the negro minstrel
taught her, sho would dance and play
the accordion. This was a treat to tho
farm hands, who sympathized with the
girl, and who applauded her perform
ances beyond their desorts.
Unnecessary to add that her dancing
was Joo's crowning dlsgraco in Saman
tha's eyes. "It was an abomination."
Samantha never could see what thero
was in Joe's "antics" to mako her
brother Job laugh.
A young lady, bred in tho city, a rela
tive of Job's, visited tho farmhouse in
company with a young gentleman A
party was given in their honor to which
many were invited. The company was
so largo that tho dancing was confined
to tho clean swept barn floor. Fore
most among those who helped fo put tho
barn In order was-Joe. She helped to
bring in and arrange the evergreens, and
for once displayed good tasto in Samati-1
tha's judgment
When the night camo Joo was in her
element Contrary to all expectations,
all the festivities after tho supper was
disposed of centered at the barn. Tho
old-fashioned games were bognn, and pro
grossed merriJy thero. Old-fusliionoci
dances wore revived there. Joe, attired
in a new calico dress, with her hair done
up for the first time (it was usually In a
tanglo of curls), was among the specta
tors for a time until the needs of tho
merrymakers compelled them to press
Joo into the dance. She was enjoying
herself as she had never dreamed of en
joyment, wnen suddenly Miss Barkley
"I have lo3t my diamond ring.
The dance was interrupted. Specula
tion was rife as to tho manner in which
it had been lost. Miss Barkloy's part
ner, a young farmer, suggested that the
ring might have fallen between the
boards composing the barn floor, which
Job Wonder speedily demonstrated was
Impossible. I
Samantha, too, said if the ring was
really lost somebody must know where
iti was.
"Oh," said the owner of tho ring, In
visible distress, "say no moro about it."
"But it is my duty to speak," said Sa
mantha, looking at Joo.
Poor Joe blushed carnation.
thought every eye was upon lier.
"Don't say any moro,"
wet day, when Samantha suddenly burst' "The Impntere. of her," ttclaimed
in upon him. Samantha. "I never
did s«e oucti a bold,
"Brother Job, I'll not have that girl brassy creature. I will look in your
about ,here." pockets!"
"Hoity toity!" exclaimed Job,, rising "O pray—pray don't," slid the owner
suddenly. "What ye flustered for, Sa-[ of the ring.
manthy?" But Samantha made a motion as if to
"I'm not flustered. You'd not be execute her threat
flustered if she was your hand." "If you do, I'll bite you," said Joe.
"There you go agin, now. Fussin'— "You shall not search me."
fussin" for a trifle. I "Hear that. Brother Job?"
"What do you call a trifle, Job? I "Yes, I hear It. Yes, and you're mak
told you from the first you had no busi- ing very little of yourself, Samanthy,*
ness brlngln' a girl from tho poorhouse said Job sharply.
here. She's unbiddable, too." "She shan't search me—I'll die first:"
"You'd orter to—to mako some 'low- Joe reiterated.
ance for her.
"Allowances! Job Wonder, you talk
helping Maria with the peas and things. ley "I'vo found my ring in a fold in my
She asked me what she'd put the cabbage dres
In all probability Joo's life at the farm keeping tho same sido always on top.
would have flowed on moro evenly in havon't consistency mysolf."—
time, but fato ordered that it was to be
cut vory short
piilinzh'i to bis sister. ••o—
Job. I must speak. What did you do
with Miss Barkloy's ring, Joe?
Poor Joo looked at her accuser in
amazement, then at the curlousfa.es
about her. Her own facei was deadly
pale now. She confronted Samantha
with flashing eyes.
"How dare you say I stole it. -,
"Do yon deny you have it? Samantha
demanded angrily, looking down on her.
"I don't deny it. Why should I deny
it any more than any other person here.
Nobody else is denying it-why should
I? You have no right to ask me if I saw
the ring.
'••V "jy
She pushed thoso nearest her aside,
and ran out of the barn, exclaiming:
"She shan't search me—I won't stay to
be called a thief!"
"Stop, Joe." said the farmer, running
after her. "Stop! stop!"
But Joe was running toward tho
roa-J, running with a fleetness that
laughed pursuit to scorn.. Even while
the farmer stood shouting to her to re
turn.' sho disappeared in the darkness of
the night.
"O, do stop her—do!" said Miss Bark-
"It's too late—too late, now," said Job
Wonder "she's gone."
It was true. Although a dozen men
rau hither and thither searching her. not
a trace of poor Joe could be found any
whero near the farmhouse.
Joe had vanished—vanished utterly,
••Munt'* mid
"A fellow cau't have any fun,"
growled Tom. "It's j.ist 'must' and
'mustn't' from morning till night. You
must do this, you must learn that or
you mustn't go there, you must say
that, and you mustn't do tlie other thing.
At school you are just tied right up to
tho rules, at -home—well a shake of
mother's head means more than a
dozen 'mustn't.' Seems a pity a boy
cau't have his own way half the tiiue
and do something as he likes."
"Going to the city, this morning,
Tom?" asked Uncle Thed from tho
adjoiniug room.
"Why, of course," answered Tom.
"Going across the common."
"Yes sir always do."
"I wish you'd notice those young
trees they've been setting out the last
year or two. There's something rather
queer, it seems to me. Of course the
old trees will die sooner or later, and
others will be needed, but—well you
must observe rather carefully, so as to
describe their appearance, etc."
"What about those trees, Tom?"
asked Uncle Thed after tea, as they
sat on the piazza.
"Why, they're all right looked a
little cramped to be sure, snipped
short off on top, and tied up to poles,
snug as j'ou please, every identical
twig of them but that's as it should
be, to make them ship-sliape—don't
you see? They can't grow crooked if
they would. They'll make as hand
some trees as ever you saw
one of these
days. Haven't you noticed the trees
in Mr. Benson's yard?—tall and Bcrag
gy and crooked, just because they
were left to grow an they pleased.
The city fathers now don't propose to
run any risks ."
"But I wonder how the trees feel
about the must and mustn't," remarked
Uncle Thed, dryly.
Exit Tom, wishing he had not said
quite sc much on the subject of trees—
and boys.—Sunday Afternoon.
Some Kcul Children's Sayings.
Sidney's aunt found him in the pan
try eating cake and lump sugar. "Oh,
Sidney," she said reprovingly, "you
know "you have no right to come here
and help yourself."
"Auntie," he answered, gravely, "a
man who gave a 'dress in our school
room the other day said: 'The Lord
helps those who helps themselves,' and
I'm just lielpin' myself.'"
"Are you really sick, Sidney?" asked
the family doctor, one day
"Dr. McCartney, I'm perfectly sur
prised at your asking such a question.
I suppose that you forgot that it's
Saturday," was the reply.
Sid's father heard a crash in his
study and, when he went to investi
gate, found a liolo in tho window and a
ball on the floor. "Papa," said Sid,
calmly, "you told me to apply your
teacliin's practerly, so I've been 'speri
mentin' with distraction of gravitation."
"I've learned a whole column of
spellings and... meanings," exclaimed
"Do you understand what you havo
learned asked her sister.
"Of course I do just hoar mo. It
begins with 'anarchy,' a-n-n-r-o-h-y,
anarchy—confusion, disorder, misrule."
"Before you go any further," said
her sister, "put that word into a sen
Bessie thought for a moment, and
then said triumphantly, "Did over any
body seo such an untidy place! Sarah
Jane, come in here with your broom
and sweep up tjiis anarchy."
She described a man as "bounded on
tho north by his poll, on tho south by
his solo, and east and west by his
funny bones."
On another occasion she gave the
dictionary definition of "consistency,
but added, "I can explain it much
better in my own way. I understand
exactly what it means. It moans either
haviug one side to your mind, or
Field's Washington.
MATTERS like tho telegraph, tele
phone and electric light only come
when the world is ready for them. In
1808 Sir Humphrey Davy produced
electric light, but two generations havo
had to pass away before it could be
improved and brought into general
use. Faraday's discoveries made the
application of electricity for this
purpose not very difficult. Davy
feared that tho electric light would
cost too much to over como into
general use, and even within twenty
vears so high an authority as Tyndall
spoke doubtfully of distributing
a light from house lo house.
Davy's light was produced by a
battery of two thousand voltaio
cells, and was, of course, very costly.
Tho incandescent light is quite a re
cent application of electricity. Tho
improved dynamo has greatly reduced
the cost of generating electricity, w-hich
has now become one of the worlds in
dispensable forces, and half a dozen
able thinkers and.investigators have
made it possible for a hundred ingeni
ous men to devise mechanism and make
applications of electricity to lighting
human habitations, aud important im
provements upon existing processes
are still foreshawowed.
said Job, an-
tell you the ring is stolon, brother ^bizoplibvlliistindPolypodium vulgar©,
1 TI'I.a 4
VAIl nn .. 1 1
the rarest fern in the
United States is Asplenium ebenoide3.
It was first found as a solitary plant
along the Schuylkill, near Philadel
phia, forty vears ago. About ten years
ago a number were found by Miss
Tutweiler at Huntsville, Ala. Re
cently S. L. Powell of Johns Hopkins
University has found it in considerable
abundance on Knip's
part of the
where this
piJ't of
the famous battlefield of Gettysburg.
It was growing with Camptosorus
the former its usual companion
A CABLEGRAM from London says that
the metropolis is much exercised over
"a dross-reform movement." The new
dress, it is said, "consists of brevity of
skirt, duality of underdrcss, and short
ness of upper drapery." And this the
London reformers "call the rational
dress." This is not new. We have
seen this garb in its scanty abundance
in Central America, and have heard
th*t it was sometimes seen upon the
stage in variety theaters.

Houw-How to
lot I
is and
But, now, where does tho plumpest
wheat grow? Where do I find the larg
est berries? In the thfii spots every
time. Where do I find berries of large
average size, aud more or loss shrunken
some years? In the richest parts of tho
field, where the growth is great, and the
crop more or less lodged. If wo thrash
the grain and mix It and then grade out
tho largest berries, wo shall be likely to
get most of our seed from the parts of
the field that yielded the least Is the
plump Individual berry the best one to
sow, without regard to tho conditions
under which it grew? This is what I
would liko to know for a certainty from
a series of careful experiments. Prof.
Plumb Is just the mau to find this out
for us.
1 take the wheat from tho best half
acre and run it through tho fanning-inlll
in such a way as to take out merely tho
screenings—the very small and badly
shrunken grains. In most seasons these
would amount to ono bushel out of from
twenty to forty. All grains of fair size
are left in the seed. Perhaps you ask:
AVhy not grade tho wheat from tho best
half-acre? Wall, which heads contained
the largest grains—the small ones with a
few kernels, or the longer ones that had
twice as many? I have thought for some
years that the former did, and I do not
care to plant them to the exclusion of
the others. If it were practical to select,
tho best heads from the best half-acre,
and thon tho best berries from them, I
would liko to do so but, as far as my
present knowledge goes, I do not caro to
grade my seed from the best of the field,
except to take out tho very poorest. I
have not jumped at this conclusion as a
matter of theory, for it is tho result of a
good deal of observation, and still I pre
sume that nine farmers out of ten who
go out to buy seed wheat would select
fine, plump grain, from a field which had
yielded twenty or twenty-live bushels per
acre, rather than an inferior-looking
article somewhat smaller and perhaps a
little shrunken, from a field which they
know had yielded thirty-llvo or forty
bushels per acre.
Clioi'V Clod C'ruHher.
Take five or six or more hard wood
saplings of uniform size, 4 or 5 Inches iu
diameter and straight, (i or 8 feet long
18 incites from each end, bore an inch
hole then take a chain and run it
through as represented In the cut fasten
it at tho outside pieces, and the lloat is
ready for business. You can hitch so as
to work it straight or catering.—Prac
tical Farmer.
Tho Needs or tho Fnrmers.
The enactment of a law by which' a
liberal increase of endowment is mado to
tho agricultural colleges, is an evidence
that Congress appreciates fully the im
portance of technical education for fann
ers. Farmers, says Henry Stewart in
Practical Fanner, are to be considered in
tho light of public servants In a great
measure. Their Industry provides food
and clothing for tho people. It Is tho
most Important of all arts, and It is
based upon scientific knowledge which is
not afforded by ordinary means of educa
It is an acccptcd principle of our free
and liberal Government that the. educa
tion of the young is a public charge and
duty. This was a fundamental princi
ple of tho ancient republics, and is un
questionably the basis of any trc.o aud
popular government in which every elti
zon is at once sovereign and a public
servant. This Idea has been rccogni/.ed
in the establishment of agricultural col
legf-.s and experiment stations, and under
our present system of protection to na
tive industries it becomes a right that
agriculturo should receive its share,
which cannot be given in any practicable
way in any other manner than by giving
every facility to farmers to mako their
industry as productive and profitable as
Tho greatest need of the farmers of
tho present time Is a thorough education.
Agriculture is based on a vast system of
scientific knowledge which is to be ac
quired not only through woll conducted
agricultural journals but by means of
technical schools for tho young. The
schools lay the foundation which the ag
ricultural press must bo constantly
building upon and enlarging and the ex
isting colleges need be made more ofli
clent. Tho new appropriation of 815,
000 annually for each college, with an
increase of §1,000 yearly until the
amount reaches 5525,009, Is thus a just
recognition by the Government of what
is a pressing need oT tho farmers.
Tape Worm In Sheep.
Reports from the West indicate
many sheop, especially lambs,
being killed by tape-worms.
SolccTiitg Seed Wheat —Tape Worm »n peared clear io look at, yeti whan an
Staeop—Ne«l* of the Farmer*—Mistak*# SlVZOd it is found to be by all odd8 the
... ,,, worst specimen which has yet
in I'ouitry «u,iuos,-i i«.. o. ou.tr- ^lve.0M0.th0usandth parts of
ammonia would ordinarily be enough to
cause a water specimen to be looked upon
with suspicion, and this specimen con
tained one aud three-tenths parts of am
monia, or in other words was as much
worse than water ordinarily suspicious
from excess of ammonia, as five to 1,300.
Make Milk Far—About
Selecting 5oert Wheat.
HEN I first began
growing wheat I
my wheat
through a mill,
grading it so as to
take out about
half, which would
smaller iir
grain was
sold at the mill.
At oresent, savs T.
B. Leroy, in
Kcw Yorker,
practice Is to se
lect, when cutting
the wheat, a half
acre which prom
ises to yield more
than any other
notice particularly
when the wheat is
drawn to the barn, this Is taken last and
put by itself on top of the hay. Then it
is thrashed first and my own seed saved
from it Mv soil is not uniform in qual
ity. Oho could find spots yielding at the
rate of, say, from twenty-live up to fifty
bushels per acre. Seldom is there a year,
I think, when I can not pick out a half
acre that will yield at the rato of from
twenty to twenty-five bushels, or twice
that amouut per acre.
Tho writer lost several sheep from
this cause before it was*generally known
that sheep were troubled in that way.
Lambs sometimes die in a few days af
ter tho first symptoms appear, but slieeo
that have got their growth will linger
for months and sometimes a year. They
appear dull and stupid, stand with their
heads up and eyes wide open, but show
no desire to keep with tho flock. Thoy
grow poor and weak and finally die
•with tho appearance of having starved
to death. As there is but little hope of
saving a sheep that shows these symp
toms from any cause the best way is to
kill thcrt and see that they aro deeply
buried or, if medicines aro to bo tried,
put the patient in a pen where the excre
ment can be scraped up and destroyed.
Turkeys are frequently troubled w'th
tapo worms and show about the samo
symptoms as sheep, but they are moro
likely to get rid of them and recover,
and if they run over the sheep pasture
uiay spread the tioublo iu that way.
xnpurn Water lor Stock.
Dr. Young, the Secretary of the Stat#
Board of Health, has recently had sent
to him for analysis, water from well
near tho barnyard of a Maine dairyman.
From it comes the water supply for all
tho stock on the farm. Tho waller ap-
The question arises whether tho. milk
from cows who drink this impure water
can by any possibility escape its contain*
inatton. Knowing the condition of
this water supply ono would scarcely
feel able to vouch for the wholosonie
ness of such milk. This is a matter
which is open to discussion. It will illus
trate tho fact, however, that many
farmers are prone to look upon any
kind of a water supply as "good enough
for the stock." Nothing could bo moro
fallacious. If a bad water supply is a
source of disease to niou, one need
not expect that it will prove other
wise with cattle. Tho stock on
a farm should havo as, pure
water as that used by tho family, yet
how often it is that we find wells dug—
as was the ono above niontloned, close
to, or even in tho bnrnyara, and receiv
ing a large part of its drainage. Can It
be expected that cattle drinking the pro
duct of such cesspools as thoso will bo
i*lan of Poultry-Houso.
A plan of a poultry-house has been
sent us by Mr. S. Johnson, Indiana tho
cost of which Is 818 for lumber and Sr for
labor, or total of S-'.l. It holds 100 fowls.
It is 10 feet wide, 0 feet high ill front and
4 feet feet at the rear. Tho house Is 33
feet long, having two rooms, each 8 feet
wide, and ono 10 feet wide, the room A
being the laying-room B, the. feed-room
and C, the roosting-room. 1) shows
steps for reaching the iloor. Underneath
is lattlco railing, enclosing tho under
portion as a resort in rainy weather.
W W aro windows. E E 13 are ventila
tors. The houso can be made of any
size or hoife'ht.—Farm and Fireside.
Mlntukn In the I'ouitry ltu»lnn«*.
Tho author of the following should
have duo credit, but it Is going tho rounds
credited to an "exchange:"
To think that a man who has never
boon able to mako a living at anything
else—who has failed in everything else-^
can go into tho poultry business and
make a "grand success" of it
To try to keep 100 fowls through the
winter In a houso that is none too largo
for half that number.
To neglect to provide comfortable
wlntor quarters for their poultry.
To waste food by throwing it on tho
floor instead of feeding iu troughs or
some other vessel.
Todosowell fowls -itb all sorts of
stuff to "keep thoin well."
To think that any "poultry powders,"
or any "egg food"' iu creation, will mako
your liens lay unless they have proper
food, conifortablo quarters, and good
care besides.
To cram 50 cents worth of drugs down
the throat of a sick chicken that wouldn't
bo worth even a quarter if it was well.
To ventilate tho poultry houso through
cracks iu tho walls and floors and holes
iu tho roof.
To put off until "to-morrow or next
day" tho things that ought to bo done
To feed one kind of food 305 days In a
To keep a lot of old lions that aro 3
or 4 years old.
To allow tho poultry droppings to ac
cumulate in the houso for weeks at a
To neglect to supply green food
regularly throughout tho wlntor.
To give all the waste milk to pigs.
To buy an incubator boforo you know
enough about poultry to set a ben.
To hatch out a lot of chicks in mid
winter. or very early spring, unless you
have a suitable place in which to raise
How to Mnko Milk 1'ay.
If tnonoy making is tho object In keep
ing cows, there aro times when moro can
be mado in other ways than by.making
butter. During the hot weather when
butter is cheap it Is often better to find
other use for the milk. I have in my
mind one woman who makes smearkasc,
or cottage cheese, thus using both milk
and cream. She delivers it to hor cus
tomers in shining pails, and she cannot
mako enough to meet her demand. On
another farm near mo the milk Is all
made into Ice cream and delivered to
regular customers. It is put into cans
holding a pint, quart, half-gallon or
more each can put into a pail and
packed in ice, so it keeps nicely for sev
eral hours after it is delivered. I do not
advise every one to rush into this kind of
work, but every small town will
havo numerous families who do not
keep a cow, and consequently must
buy these things or go without. Many
of these families aro only too glad lo
make arrangements to tako sueli things
on certain days of eaeli 'week, and by so
doing they know what to depend on for
tho table, and the ono who prepares It
knows Just how much he has sale for.
To the one who delivers it Iu neat shape
and promptly according to agreement,
there aro good prices to bo had in almost
any small town. Those living near the
largo cities or towns, of course, havo
tholr regular "market,days" to help them
disposed of such things. While on the
subject of milk, lot me say to thoso who
cannot churn as often as It should bo
done, that every time you milk add a cup
ful of new milk to your cream. Itssiems
to freshen tho cream, and tho butter
will bu far better and come easier.
Something About Ourpotn.
Unless carpets havo been woven In
breadths of tho desired length and width
for a room, nearly every one getting
them ready to put down finds it, a diffi
cult matter to keep the edges from fray
ing as soon as they are cut. To prevent
this, measure the breadth t.o bo cut off,
and before cutting It run a double row of
stitching, with tlie sewing machine, on
each side of the lino where It Is to bo
cut off. Cut It between tho rows of
stitching it can then be bound, or
hemmed, as desired, and It will not fray
or ravel at the ends.
A durable and nice-looking stair-car
pet may bo easily and cheaply mado
when one is matdng rag carpet, by hav
ing a pretty stripe of dark colors woven,
as wldo as you wish your stair-carpet, to
be, alternating with a stripe, say two
Inches wide, using string, warp or old
yarn instead of rags for filling.
When enough to make tho length de
sired lias boon woven, stitch with tho
sewing machine twice across each place
where the twine or warp has been woven
In, cut tho stripes apart between the
rows of stitching and hem the warp
stripe down thon sew tho endsof'the
stripes so formed together, and you will
havo a stair-carpet that not only looks
well but that will wear as long as two of
the ordinary kind.
Hounohold (lints*
'J? JM^S^VVnr^" w~- /TWI^ JIM^vne.V I I'
boiled vory difj,. is acceptably
served with fish Instead of potatoes.
A smaIjTj bag of sulphur kept In a
drawer will prove an absolute, preven
tive to red ants.
spoons and forks In daily use
may be kept bright by leaving them In
strong borax water several hours. Thw
water should be
put !n
boiling thoy ui
"No, old man thanks for your kind
ness. but 1 car't" alToixl to take that flat.
I It costs too much to furnish it."
."Why don't you buy furniture on the
installment plan?"
"But what'll I do when the bills come
due?" "C
-,w"Move and begin over again."
tVhen Baby nai sick, wo uaro her Casto(ta«
When the nu a Child, she cried for Caitwfc,
When she became Mia*, she clung to Castor!*,
Wrt-Wl- «(u»sj,-,'v.
&> *i*
nnxlneas Acumen,
When she had Children, she Bare tJiem Castorll
can repeat tho four
gospels from memory. It is perhaps
needless lo add that he learned them
In his far-off Sunday school days.
tjOKTHK wrote Charlotte von Stein a
thousand letters in ten years. When a
man or letters goes In for the tender
passion, how he does squander Ids ink:
the new premier of Can­
ada, owns a beautiful estato at St.
Anne's, about an hour's ride from Mon
treal, which is stocked with Guernsey
cattle and Shropshire sheep.
RrsK calls tho attention
of the pi.rk consuming public to the su
periority of our hogs, which, he ob
serves, are not confined in small pens,
'llils is true of the railroad variety,
which insists on having two or three
seals all to lilniseif, if possible, while
others may stand.
who served
iu the civil war as a member of the
Forty-second Massachusetts regiment,
was forced to yield his sword to the con
federates at Calveston. Tex., in 1802.
lie has recently received word from a
southerner that tho present possessor of
the sword would bo glad to return it to
the famous artist,
has all the exaggerated fondness for
show and glitter that characterizes the
natives of southern France, lie likes
to load his fingers with rings and to wear
handsome silk linings to his coats. In
addition to his distinction in painting he
excels in several minor arts, such as rid
ing. guitar-playing, and fencing. Ho is
popular on the boulovards and every
body In Paris knows him.
J. A. JOHNSON, Medina. N. Y., says:
•'Hall's Catarrh Cure curod me." Sold by
Druggists, 75c.
man who lets his. wifo split all
the wood may mean woll, but he
shouldn't be allowed to do all the talk
ing at prayer meeting.
I never borrow
trouble, anyhow." Lender—"O, no,
you alwags give that to the people you
borrow other things from."
correspondent writes
about "well dressed literary women."
They certainly do not write tho fashion
articles for the newspapers.
wondah what Is Wales
doing now, deali boy?" Chappie—"Pay
ing liis debts, 1 heah." Cliolly—"The
dooce, you say. That's deiumed awk
warlc, dontchewknaw."
(to his cellmate) "An'
yer never chawed or drank In yer life?''
Second convict (gloomily)—"Naw."
First convict—"Aw, don't try any o' yer
temporary Insanity rackets on me! I
ain't no juryman."
saw an advertisement
of Dullard's store in the paper this
morning." McFangle—"I thought he
never advertised, lie told mo so, and
he said ho never would." McFlngle—
"lie didn't. It was in the list of sher
iff's sales.
SitAitrE—"Say, Steele, wo can settle
tho rase of Smith vs. Thompson forSlSO.
That's 57.1 for you and S75 for me."
Steele—"But how about our cllent?
Where does lie como in'.''' Sliarpe (im
patiently)—"O, give him S10. (Sudden
ly) No. promise to give him 810."
easiest, to use and cheapest. Plso's
Remedy for Catarrh. By druggists. 50c.
.. .Stolen, l*orliu)iH.
"What has become of tho sea serpent
this year'.'" asked tho guest of tho land
"1 dunno," was tho reply, "but 1
guess some of these awkward fishing
smacks must havo run up against her
ami stove her In."
Tun King of Denmark tops Queen
Victoria by one year as the senior sov
ereign of Europe.
FITS.—All Flfn fltoppofl frtsbr Dr.ttttne'ft «roiu
Nert Itontorer. No Kits after flint iluv's u-s Mur*
vellouw cure*. Troattne Had f.'.OO trlU bottla fr*o to
Fit CUM. TTCUD lo Dr. KJiuti. W1
CorrnioKT 1630
Aroh Ht,
Can you ask more?
The "Discovery" acts equally
well all the year round. Made by
tho World's Dispensary Medical
Association, at 003 Main Street,
.Buffalo, N. Y.
The Soap
Cleans 3
is Lenox.
6* C. N. 29-91
Whcthar Vou Tr»v»l by or .««•
Tou neaJ ft medicinal Mteguard. Cli*uiw«
climate or btaekUh water, via
uiual diil, draught* from o|»m windows that
autly fello* jtftitiMtgtn vrtU not clow -ail
bread ailmetiU against whicU tho surest pro
tection it Ho»Utt«r'» Stomach Bltt«r». Quest of
medicinal fortifier*. Soa sickness, land nausea,
are promptly counteracted by this agreeable
correotlvo, which is also a capital defense
aeaiust malaria, the effects of a tropical or
chilly temperature, damp and exposure. Per
sons of scdeutary pursuits, mill opir*U*e»,
mariners, miners, engineers, frontiersmen, ver
?ot of ovcry calling involving mental fatigue,
excessive bodily effort, and liability to un
healthful Influences of any sort, regard it as an
l-.com^arabls safeguard. Biliousness, colisti
1 ation, dyspepsia, rheumatism, sick lieadacne
aud kidney troubles aro effectually subdued by
the great alterati re.
est men In Massachusetts, is likewise
the plainest in attire and manner. He
wears an inconspicuous business suit of
quiet colorlug, and his head Is covered
by a broad brimmed, Quakerlike straw
hat. Tho general appearancu of the
ex-governor Is that of a portly and be
nevolent farmer.
Good as Gold
So enthusiastic »ro thousands of people over the
benefits derived from Hood's SursMiarilla, that tber
csn hardly find words to express t'leir conddencc in
and gratitude (or this medicine. 'Worili iti weight
In gold" Is a tsvorlte expression of these warm
If .vou are In need of good medlclno to purify
VI.ur blood, btilld ap your strength, euro dvsiiepsla,
or create an appetite, try Hood's Sarsaparllla.
X.B. Be sure to get only
Hood's 8ar6aparilla
Sold by all druiilata. 1 six for |S. Prepared only
by C. I. HOOD CO. Lowell. Mass.
IOO Doses One Dollar
Both tho method and results when
Syrup of Figs is taken it is pleasant
and refreshing to the taste, and nets
gently yet promptly on the Kidneys,
Liver and Bowels, cleanses the sys
tem effectually, dispels colds, head
aches and fevers nnd cures habitual
constipation. Syrup of Figs is tho
only remedy of its kind ever pro
duced, pleasing to the taste and ac
ceptable to the dtomach, prompt iu
its action and truly beneficial in its
efleets, prepared only from the most
healthy ana agreeable substances, its
many excellent qualities commend it
to all and have made it the most
popular remedy known.
Syrup of Figs is for sale in 50c
and $1 bottles by all leading drug
gists. Any reliable druggist who
may not have it on hand will pro
cure it promptly for any one who
wishes to try it. Do not accept any
'Successfully Prosecutes Claims.
Lat« Principal Exiuiluor U.S.Penslou Dure&u.
jr.Mn Iftut Vfftf, JJjulJmlk'Rtluffclfttuis, utty sincc.
A prompt return
of your money, if you get neither
benefit nor euro. Kisky terms for
the doctor, but safe and sure for the
patient. Everything to gain, noth
ing to lose. There's just ono medi
cine of its class that's sold on these
conditions—just one that could bo—
Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical Dis
covery. It's a peculiar way to sell
it—but it's a peculiar medicine.
It's tho guaranteed remedy for all
Blood, Skin and Scalp Diseases,
from a common blotch or eruption
to tho worst Scrofula. It cleanses,
purifies and enriches the blood, and
euros Salt-rheum, Tetter, Eczema,
Erysipelas, and all manner of blood
taints, from whatever cause. It
co3ts you nothing if it doesn't help
you. The only question is, whether
you want to be helped.
"Golden Medical Discovery" is
tho cheapest blood purifier sold,
through druggists, because you
only pay for the good you get.
disabled, r: fco for lncrc**p. JHv^nrHrx*
perl«nca. Write for Lawa. A.W. MCCOKMICK
*O A
Took Him Unawares. "5,
Urlggs—iDid you hoar about Robinson
losing his new flaunel shirt?
Griggs—No. How did it happen?
Brlggs—He got caught in a ihower.
was visited by a won-
do-ful phenomenon recently. Millions
upt millions ot fire flies issued from the
neighboring mountain ridge and took
down tho course of the Chickauiauga
river, which skirts that city on the
southern boundary. Tho pyrotechnic
display was grand. Trunks of trees
skirting the river were plainly visiblo
a quarter of a mile distant, and the en
tire mountain side was illuminated. Tho
horde of fire flies was fully forty feet
high and It took a quarter of an hour to
pass down the stream, extending over a
mllo along its course.
Ip afflicted with Soro Byes, nse Or. Isnao
Thompson's Ere Water. Druggists seU it. 350.
one of tho rich­
Consisting of Type, Cases, Stands, Cylinder
Presses, Job Presses, Hand Presses, Paper
Cutters, etc. The Largest Stock to be found
west of Chicago. All in good condition.
Complete Outfits furnished upon Short Notice.
Estimates and lists furnished upon application.
Address or call upon
212 Poarl Street, Sioux City, lows?.
For Symme
try, Beauty,
Material and WorkmanulAp
Jf your dealer doel not have it, tee will tend it
potlpoid on receipt of price.
Suud Co. In «t.inps for our 100-pago Illus
trated Catalogue of dans, It
I Bee. Revol
vers, Pol
I co (load*, Sporting Goody of all kinds, etc.
This L'aUilofve ($ to forge tht pottag* on it mJem*C6»U&e.
JOHN P. LOVELl ARMS CO., Manufacturers, Basfw, M»s.
"PISO'8 RKMKDY FOll OATAKBH.—Best. Easiest to USD.
Cheapest. Kellcf If ImmedUtc. A euro Is corteliu Vor
Cold In the Head It bits no cquaL
It Is un Ointment, of which a gmftU particle Is applied to the
Mtrils. I'rice.COc. Hold by druggists or sent by mall.
Address, JL T.
all IfMl
Here is something from Mr. Frank
A. Hale, proprietor of the De Witt
House, Lewiston, and the Tontine,
Hotel, Brunswick, Me. Hotel men.
meet the world as it comes and goes,
and are not slow in sizi&g people
and things up for what they are
worth. He says that he has lost a,a
father and several brothers and sis-»
"ters from Pulmonary Consumption,::,
and is himself frequently troubled,.
with colds, and he:
Hereditary often coughs enough
to make him sick at
Consumptlonhis stomach. When-.
ever he has taken a
cold of this kind he uses Boschee's
German Syrup, and it cures him
every time. Here is man who
knows the full danger of lung trou
bles, and would therefore be most
particular as to the medicine he used.
What is his opinion Listen I
use nothing but Boschee's Germans.
Syrup, and have advised, I presume,
more than a hundred different per
sons to take it. They agree with
me that it is the best cough syrup,
in the market."
To qqn coittTenMitbfl nedioino mvit b*
morothnn purgative^ It must contain
tonic, alterative and cathartic propcrtfte*
Tuft's Pills
{IMSOM thoso qualities, and attend!!,
etorototl»elKwelsthelrn»t\irml perl*
essential to r«ffularitj~
3:10 P.M.
5.30 P.M
.v Tourist Folder,
-3|s Bhowlna Routes anil Rates to-+^fe
tiio Pilnclpnl Eastern Resorts, and
Scliodule of Tmlns.
A. J. SMITH, 6. P. 4 T. A.T C. K. WIlBER, W.'P.®
Dr._W00D, sE».
Keuuler GrmUmUt in Medldno-90
oux City Nln*
veurt hoivitul
tublUhecl in Sioux
r*-U «tiU trentlng ft)) Prlruft*.
Nervous. Chronic and SpnclaA
Soimnal Wo
ittkneeit Cnfyfit
encjr—A Quiet Home and tout
(loiio/wrual pouwj, tnd all Female
rrrrffufctrtJHM. (tf Cures guaranteed or
tnouejr refunuod fair. Terms
cash. Aire and experience nre Important. No la*
lurloua medicines used—No Nm« loci from work or
business—Patients at A distance troated by mall—v
Afrdlcin** i*nf tt'ervivhers /rw from ana DtwiV
your case nnd send for Opinion ana
tornis—Consultation itrtctlr confidential, person*
ally or br letter—Or. WOOD has tho Iftrreit
Medical and Surgical Institute and Kre
and Kar Intlrinnry Sn the West—Mootna fur
patients nt fnlr rates, fecilltlen to meet say omer-
ono •Mil /or
Prtynancy wrt
Bend Ip.
pontage for Illuctrntrd HOOK and MBDICAL*
JOURNAL. iUP~Meutton this DADitrJ
That will piano sixteen inches wide. Thl»
machine 1B
good order nnd will bo delivered
on hoard tho cars for 175. For fiirthor particu
lars address W. H. ROGERS,
919 Pearl St.. Sioux City, Iowa.
Facfeaf* ratkM ft galltna. Dtllcloat, iparklisc »t»d •pptititag*
s*id by Ml A twmtlftii rielart Book ann Carrti MO I
aaj #at mb4Ia| Ihalr address Tb« 0. R. HIRK8 00., Pkilsdi
lremsdlM. Noatarftng.nolttoonisnlencji
-v-.wl no bad sffsoU, Strlotly •onfldatotUt
Udt««, iik DfinlM
niostrtted Hind Book tree,
Wanlilnrtoo, D. C.
Pieaso mention this Paper ever/ time lot writ*.
TT Treatment." ATslusblellluitritedbookof
puces sent tree, on receipt o( 10 oenta. to oover oost
ot mailing, ete. Address P. O. Box 1000. Fhlla, Fa,
Safety Barrel Cafcb,
Impossible to throw the
barrel open when
38 Col.
Uilng ^W,
by all
Warren. Pa.
t«i«c with (fa# rtfctM*, Take *Ul«r kl»4.
la iuibjii for parttauUrc, (Mil in
10,906 TMtlaiaalala. JTmm
All ptiu ia patMbotrd bet«», plat wrapper*, vt Iwyii At DragfUW, *r NH
return MAIL

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