Newspaper Page Text
& VOLUME X\.
Loucks says he lias lost faith the promises of democratic politicians. He says fusion is .J* :i, played put. s. Coxey, he of marching' fame, has been nominated by the popu lists of Ohio .as their candidate L. M. Shaw of Crawford Co, was nominated for governor of Iowa Wednesday by the republi can convention at Cedar Rapids. The American tin-plate mills are making shipments to foreign countries, 500 boxes of the best grade having recently been sent to Italy. vf- The whaleback steamer Colum bus is to be used in the Klondike trade. She will be fitted to carry 1,500 passengers and a year's pro visions for the same. 1 The secretary of the treasury says that there is $22.53 in circu lation for every man, woman and child in the United States—and this conclusion is based upon an estimated population of 77,000, 000.,^- ,- 5 if 'JL— The South Dakota Statfe Fair, which is to be held at Yankton Sept. 27, 28, 29 and 30and Oct. 1, promises to be the best exhibition of the kind ever held in the state. Business men of the Cement City have given a $6,000 guarantee for the payment of all premiums.. The London Spectator has been reading the riot act to the United States and says the people of that country tvill not longer ignore the "indiscretions of Secretary Sherman" and that "if America does not keep a better watch over her politicians they will have her into a conflict with this country, whereof no one is able to see the end." mwmm 0' rf. Centerville Journal: A year ago we heard much about the in justice of requiring the farmers to pay debts contracted when wheat was a dollar a bushel, with dollars for which they had to give two and three bushels of wheat—the debts were doubled and trebled thereby, and it was nothing short of robbery! Now those same innocent victims, when it comes to paying the debts con tracted last year when wheat was worth 35 cents a bushel, ar'n't saying a word about pay ing- them on the wheat standard —or any gold price of wheat has advanced more than 100 per cent, they are very willing to pay "value" in the recognized units of commerce without regard to the compara tive value of wheat. How like common mortals mo are, anyway. other standard but the standard. #Now that the of us saints ji. Si MitcHellRepublican: When the South Dakota Grand Army boys '"march in the streets of Buffalo during the national/ encampment they will attract no little atten tion from the arms which they will carry on that occasion. It .consists of a spear suni-ounted with an ear of corn and a minia ture sheaf of wheat and a small streamer with "South Dakota" printed on it to "show where we come from." This idea origin ated with Capt. J. II. Hauser, of .Aberdeen^.'who last year made 500 of them and presente/i them to the ^tate department.' They were carried in the procession at St. Paul and 'here wa^ nothing' wljich so attracted and^held the attention of/iithe people as di .this spear. .yWhile thooe'is noth i»g pfdrticul£tl3^ handtcaife abeut the sjtear, yet tyith an immense aumber put together in a parade they attract a great deal ot atten tion. It can safely be counted upon ttjat South Elakot^ vill be a well advertised sta^e fit the na tional encampment. The Vermillion Freeman, pop ulist, contains the following well merited notice: "J. D. Elliott, U. §. District Attorney aud Chair man of the Republican state committee, was associated with Col. Jolley in the Wamsley trial. We were glad to see Jim. We remember him as plain honest Jim when we neighbored and went to school together, when we played together tire plays of boy hood. A little later we remember him occupying a room in Crock Russels' empty saloon building, batching and going to school. Jim was bent on getting an edu cation and all honor to his am it on reached maturity we here in Clay county ran him for County Super intendent of schools, but he was oh the losing side but this did not dampen his ambition. In 'S2 he began to read law with Col. Jolley and shortly after entered the office of Gamble Brothers. After that five left for Nebraska and lost '.rack of Jim until we met liim here at the trial. We again repeat in Common school parlance that we were "awful glad" to see and shake hands with Jim and we may here add that the Republi cans of this state could not have put their political destiny in more honest hands than Jim's. Though there be a political chasm be tween us, Jim, our hand reaches over in friendship and wishes you unstinted success in life's noblest efforts, WASHINGTONLKTTKU. Prom Our Resular Correspondent. WASHINGTON, D. C., AU?. 13, 1897. There is a serious question, of veracity between Hon. John Sher man, secretary of state, and a number of prominent newspaper men of Washington and New York, concerning certain utter ances of Mr. Sherman on the assassination of the Spanish Pre mier and its probable effect upon Cuba,, and on the general attitude of England towards the United States, which were published as interviews i-with Mr. Sherman. The newspaper men, who are among the most prominent in the business, declare that Mr. Sher man used the language they quoted, while Mr. Sherman de clares most emphatically, bdih verbally and in a signed commun ication to a local paper, that he did not. This controversy has revived the talk about age telling upon the faculties of Mr. Sher man, which.was quite prevalent when he left Washington several days before the adjournment .of congress. It was his personal friends who first began to talk about his failing memory. Mr. Sherman is now in his seventy fifth year, but the world is full of men older than he whose men tal faculties are at their best. It is queer what different yiews are taken on the same thing. When Secretary Alger took charge of the war department .he found a system under which the watchman of that department made daily reports of the goings and comings of the clerks and promptly abolished it, believing that better results would be ob tained by putting -the clerk^ on their honor. Now the abolished system.: of the waif- department has been adopted by the treasury department. .p There is no doub^of the ^od •intentions of Sectary Bils£ in fesmej^hatv -Oifficiat-)warning4' to the KiondikeVbouud public,'*rli£ch was published this Vebk. Nor is there any doubt that all the dan gers enumerated in that warning exist, aye, and more but who ever heard of a man with the gold fever in his veins being turned aside by warnings of danger ahead of him. Senator Hansbrough, of N. D., was in Washington this week, but he wasn't worrying about political or other public matters, as he came to see Miss Chapman, to whom he will be married next Monday, in New York. In view of the large sums of money the Cramps have received from the government in the shape of premiums for speed in excess of the requirements in the war vessels they have built for the government there was much sur prise in Washington when they filed a suit in the Court of Claims against the United States govern ment for damages aggregating $1,736,149, which they claim to have sustained by reason of delay and defaults on the part of the government in furnishing the ar mor. plate and plans while the battleships Massachusetts, Iowa, and Indiana, and the cruisers New York, Brooklyn and Columbia were being constructed by them. While congress has nothing to do with the court of claims, it is probable that members of con gress who think the Cramps liaye been exceedingly well treated in all their dealings with the gov ernment will have something to say about these claims next win ter. p| ATTOliNEX-GENERAL VS. GO VJ5RNOK. 1 The Sioux Falls Press and other papers who follow its lead, have been censuring the state board of equalization because the majority thereof would not follow the lead of Goy. Lee in regard to the tax ation of railroad property. They have even attacked Attorney-gen who, in his own eral Grigsby, defense, says: Governor Lee insisted that the statements of the roads as to value in their complaints be made the basis of assessment, disregarding- all other evi dence. It seems tnat I haye been criticised for not supporting his motion to that effect. I did not support the several motions and could not because that would haye fixed the value of each division and each branch of each road at the same sum utterly disregarding the law requiring the earnings of each division of each road to be taken into consideration. And I say now, that if such an assessment had been made the taxes on railroad property in this state would have been totally lost for this .year. "One other important question arose —the statute requires* that the return made by each railroad should state the: value per mile of each diyision and branch. This requirement was not ful filled by any of the roads. They claimed that the blanks sent out did not provide for it. The statute also re quires the board, in case any railroad fails to make the proper return, 'to pro ceed to assess such railroad property on the best information obtainable and shall add 25 per cent to the assessable value thereof.' This statute is man datory. I made the motion to add 25 per cent to the value fixed by the board on each diyision and each branch of each road according to this statute. Mr. Roddle stated that theconstitution iluy of that law had been questioned and moved that before the motion was put the attorney genneral should pre pare and submit an official opinion. This motion prevailed. After examin ing the question I was compelled to hold that it would not be safe to pror ceed under that statute. My opinion is in writing and on file. I£ in that opin ion I have erred thetr it might with some reason be claimed that I took an indefensible position. But let no one come to that conclusion without exam ining the authorities On 'the question. "Whi^&I disclaim having had any desire ot having attempted to make any record for political purposes it will be foucd on the record that I moVed to raise the ae&e8Bsment,of one liofe from $4,100 po $4,500 per jnile and that the gove^jpr's vote d^&atad tbe: motion. Thaft^then movt^W assesfe 3$i»e road $4,200 pet mite the mo* iota pre-', vailed* the ^oyerabi? voting no. Ao§* I yoted for/aid the governor against every raise that was made." 20ic HURLEY, SOUTH DAKOTA, THURSDAY, AUGUST 19, 1897. NUMBER 18. C«)HN AS A FUEL. Minneapolis Tribune: Tho recent leeting, in Minneapolis, of the Asso ciation of American Colleges and Ex periment Stations, was of great edu cational importance as well as social interest. Some of the papers will at tract much attention for the facts of general interest which were presented therein. Ffom an economical stand-1 point probably none were more import ant than one read by Prof. Richards of the University of Nebraska on the Calorimetric determination of the Heating Value of Corn.'j In explanation, Professor Richards said that persons in Nebraska became anxious over the condition of the fuel market in that state. Questions were accordingly sent to nearly all the rail way stations in the state making inquiries in reference to the consump tion of fuel in the respective commun ities. The replies received were surprising. Prom many counties they were, in effect, that yery little coal was being sold to the farmers. In a few cases villagers and city residents wfere actuaUy buying corn of the farmers io ie used as a fuel instead of coal of the fuel dealers. The answers to the in quiry led Professor Richards to insti tute some experiments to determine the relative value of corn and coal as a fuel and the results, of the experi ment formed the basis of the paper referred to. In the paper it was shown that in many of the western states, where corn is cheap and coal is expen sive, the former is in most cases the more economical fuel and that in Nebraska and some of the other western •states it is very largely burned in place of coal. The coals on the western market will give up an average of about 11,500 British thermal units per pound, while yellow corn on the ear will liberate 8,040, showing that the coal gives up only 1.43 times as much heat as the corn. At this rate Lacka wanna anthracite costing $8 per ton, would be no more economical than corn at per bushel. Corn at from 10c to 15c per bushel wilcost no more as fuel than many of the soft coals ranging from $3.50 to $7 per ton. Experiments on the heating value of the yellow corn ^raiu and the cob separately showed that the heat of combustion of the for mer is 8,202 British thermal units and of tho latter 7,214. Thus an acre of land will produce corn whose fuel value is equal to from 1 to 2f tons of coal, not counting the heat to be obtained from the stalk, etc. Or putting the results in another way, we learn that in a crop of corn yielding 30 bushels per acre each acre crop'is equivalent to .8 of a ton of an thracite, and fifty bushels is the equiv alent of 1.4 tons of anthracite. Also when anthracite, taking Lackawanna as a standard, retails at $7 per ton, corn is worth 17c per bushel as fuel and ana when Lackawanna retails at $8 per ton, corn is worth 20*c. With coal in Nebraska somewhat higher than in Minnesota markets and corn selling as low as 8c per bushel one cau readily see the great economic advantage to t-he farmer in burning his corn instead of coal, for he thereby sell his corn at about 20c per bushel instead of the market price, 8c Attention need hardly be called to the prospective im portance of the corn field as a source of ,fuel supply throughout the entire corn belt of the country. Tho corn is said to burn with a yigoroUs and intense flame thereby burning out the lining of furnaces and stoves with greater rapidity than coal or wood, yet that is a matter which the construction of'the furnaces and stoves may to a consider erable extent overcome. When this is done, the farmer can insure himself of a yearly supply of fuel by raising from 10 to 15' acres of corn. He thus becomes still more independent of the coal baron and the middle man than he is at the present time. There is a sentimental prejudice against burning corn, but ft is sure to disappear when tho economy, of it is once recognized. There is this to be •said in favor of burning corn, too—that vou can burn up the product of an acre planted in corn and the next year raise anoth'er supply of fuel on the same ground, but when you burn up a ton of coal you can't raise another ton where that one grew. NOTICE TO TAXPAYERS. Eyery one knowing themselves in debted to Turner County for Personal Taxes for the year 1896 or prior years will saye costs by paying the same at the ofiaceiof County Treasurer before Sept. I5th.rext, as I shall sfter that date profefced to collect all unpaid per sonal tares by distress. -w'.i ~*S /r-" .' f. J* Floprmg:^ 3 wJ&T? raHl K. The Man who is Raising a Bio Crop ,0. Vf /t i, 1 '"4 I A- ,,^4 f4 *'•& Don't You Need a Little f—• I WILL NEED A STEEL RANGE We have got a full line, come knd. see them. For your Darn or your granaries, corn cribs or house? We have some n*ce ma^clie(i 5 S County Treasurer. 's If you waat to bUy4 a goc$ se^inginar (Shine cheap, call at tbe Herald office Sind see what» bargain yoii can get. ELLIOTT & BACH. BANK OF HURLEY. "ORGANIZED 1892, ':fc C. J. EACH, President. E. *4$ UiiAUCH, Vice-pre&ident. 3'# lap PETLR ALLEN, Cashier. DOES A GENERAL BANKING BUSINESS COLLECTIONS A SPECIALTY. HURLEY SOUTH DAKOTA flooring for use in your house and granaries, and a lot of plank—just the 4 *zZ t- the thing for barn floors. Lots of good fencing, too. In fact all kinds of lumber and building material. If you need anything in the lumber line, you can save money by buying it now. pfsif Lumber, Lath, Shingles, pi k- 41 3 No matter what, you can get more of it for less money right here from as than you can anywhere else Don't think that because we are not in a large city }K that we can't give you bargains. We can give you better bargains than the city fellows can because our expenses are less. Come over and se,e otir bargain, counter prices. J. alii®®#* H. QUEAL gDa.0A69«M««»0 SI.00 —tME— JfiIS It. W. Pit ATT, Ass't Cashier. & CO. F. S. VAUGHAN, Agent, WEEKLY Ii^TEII Oceaiv* The Greatest Republican Paper of the West. 2 TT is the most stalwart and unswerving Republican Weekly pub -L lished today and can always be relied upon for fair and honest re- nrtfte rtf «11 AtfA ports of all political affairs. The Weekly Inter Oceaa Supplies All of the News and the Best of Current Literature. It is Morally Clean, and as a Family Paper is Without a Peer. Its Literary Columns are equal to those of the best magazines. fis Youth's Department is the finest of its kind. It- brings to the family the News ot the Entire World and elves tbe bestand ablest, discussions ot all questions of the day. The Ijlt6r OlMan nlttnH Jl, and the people west of th«..Alleghany': $i.oo, epjc.E.QNg poLlab peb year si.oo s^yidif ter Oceuire th« best oftbeir jUnd SI.0&I