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A SUSPECT HAS RiK..ic~
Mission Hill Man Calls on County At toi ney and Gives Account: of Himself. Centervillo.—Another startling in cident lias taken place in connection •with the mysterious disappearance of David F.-ihibere who has not been seen by any one since the night of January 2. N. E. Lewis, one of the parties who has, probably unjustly, been suspected of knowing something of the Falilberg affair, came to this city from his home near Mission Hill and went directly to the office of State's Attorney A. S. Rogue, of Turner county, and request ed him to notify the authorities of Clay county that he was here and if thep desired in any way to see him he would be glad to remain here until they came. Lew-is further stated that he knew absolutely nothing of the dis appearance of Falilberg and could prove by reliable witnesses where he had been during the last few weeks. He declared that his first news of the missing man came to him through the newspapers, and when he saw that his name was mixed rip in it he decided at once to notify the authorities that he could lie found at any time on a. farm two miles west of Mission Hill and that he received his mail at Yankton. Fahlberg carried a life insurance policy for $5,000 in the Mutual Life, of New York. The Fahlbergs own a large amount of valuable property and David would receive his share when the estate is divided next year, when the youngest son becomes of age. During the past year ?20,0(10 was spent in improve ments on the home farm. Skeptics concerning the murder the ory of Fahlberg's disappearance are beginning to put forward the hypothe sis that the young man has flown to escape marriage with 'Miss Emily An derson. of Feresford. which was to have taken place on the lfith inst. The theory is strengthened by the discov ery that his new overcoat, new suit of clothes and new shoes are missing from among his effects. SOUTH DAKOTA NEWS NOTES There were 235 births in Grant county last. year. Rev. A. I'.. Keeler of Watertown has commenced a revival at Revillo. The Prookings Commercial club tiuw ijuM.-i.H a membership ui" u\ei'- L'OC., The directors of the Mobridge State bank increased the capital stock of the institution from ?10,000 to $-0,000. 10. .1. Cook has resigned as postmas ter at Mcintosh and George J. Ham ilton has been appointed as his suc cessor. The extremely cold weather has caused the management of Wasp Xo. 2. a, Lead mine, to shut down for tho winter. The vear 1012 will be a hummer in the building line at Chancellor, plans already having been made for the erection of a number of buildings. During the year 1011 an aggregate of 'llitl carloads of grain and live stock were shipped from Dclmonl to eastern markets, making this one of the impor tant shipping points in this part of the state. Xe\t .lune will be the twenty-fifth anniversary of the establishment of Wessington Springs academy, and the institution is preparing to celebrate the anniversary in an appropriate manner. Fire during the night destroyed the fine new ?G,000 residence of II. C. Dachelder, cashier of the Marvin State bank. The house had been erected last summer and was the finest resi dence in Marvin. An agitation has commenced at Bry ant for the adoption of the commis sion form of municipal government, and it is expected the proposition will bfc submitted to the voters at a spe cial election. John Bliss of Sioux Falls had his two sons arrested and hailed into po lice court on a charge of disturbing the peace, but the boys, aged respect ively Hi and 23, told a different tale, saying Bliss never had whipped any of his children save "with a chair or a club," and had been generally cruel to them. Dr. Zetlitz, a Sioux Falls physi cian, has stocked his farm near that place with a number of pheasants. The other day the physician visited his farm and found one of the pheas ants suffering from a broken wing, and investigation proved it to have been shot. The bird died, and Dr. Zetlitz/ is looking for the miscreant who wantonly shot the bird. Charles Myers in the name of a young man who severely froze his feet while stealing a ride on a Great North ern train between Garretson and Sioux Falls. When he reached Sioux sFalls his condition was so bad that he had to be cared for, and the au thorities finally sent him to Minnea haha county jail in order that he niieht rec'ive proper medical treat ment. At a meeting the stockholders of .•the Wakonda Light, Power and Heat ing company, composed of local busi ness men. the contract was awarded for all equipment except the engine, for the lighting, heating and power system which the company will install. •"'h A state college professor has 'den tified the birds that were recently found dead in several towns of the state as Lapland longspurs, and sa/s their long flight from the far north exhausted the birds and caused their drath. The dead birds were thought by many to be English sparrows. !IT EXPENSES Taft Tells Congress Results of Economy Inquiry. SUBMITS SPECIAL MESSAGE How Increased Efficiency In Govern ment Service at Lower Cost May Be Obtained, According to Special Commission. "Washington.—President Taft has sub mitted to congTess a special message on economy and efficiency in the govern ment service. The message in part Is as follows: To the Senate and House of Representa tives I submit for the Information of the con gress this report of progress made in the Inquiry into the efficiency and economy of the methods of transacting: public busi ness. Efficiency and economy in the govern ment service have been demanded with Increasing insistence for a generation. Real economy is tho result of efficient or ganization. By perfecting the organiza tion tho same benefils may be obtained at less expense. A reduction In the to tal of tho annual appropriations is not in Itself a proof of economy, since It Is often accompanied by a decrease in effi ciency. The needs of the nation may de mand a large increase of expenditure, yet to keep the total appropriation within the expected revenue Is necessary to the maintenance of public credit. Upon the president must rest a large •hare of the responsibility for the de mands made upon the treasury for the current administration of the executive branch of the government. Upon the congress must rest responsibility for those grants of public funds which are made for other purposes. Plan of the Work. In accordance with my Instructions, thn commission on economy and efficiency, TV,hlch I organized to ftld m? In In quiry, has directed its efforts primarily to the formulation of concrete recommen dations looking to the betterment of the fundamental conditions under which gov ernmental operations must be carried on. With a basis thus laid, it has proceeded to the prosecution of detailed Etudies of Individual services and classes of work, and of particular practices and methods, pushing these studies as far and cover ing as many points and services, as the resources and time at its disposal have permitted. In approaching its task it has divided the work into five fields of inquiry hav ing to do respectively with organization, personnel, business methods, accounting and reporting, and the budget. Comprehensive Plan of Organization. On organization the commission has en tered upon uie preparation of three uerles of reports. The first series deals with the manner In which the services of the government should he gro'.Mx-d in depart ments. This Is a matter of fundamental Importance. It is only after a satisfac tory solution of this probl.m that many important measures of reform become possible. The second and third scries of reports deal, respectively, with the organization and activities of particular services, and the form of organization for the perform ance of particular business operations. One of the report^ of the second se ries is upon the revenue cutter service, which costs the government over two and a half million-dollars each year. In the opinion of the commission its vnrled ac tivities can be performed with equal, or greater, advantage by other services. The commission, therefore, recommends that it bo abolished. It is estimated that by so doing a saving of not less than $!, 000.000 a year can be made. Another report illustrating the second series recommends that the lighthouse and life saving services be administered by a single bureau, instead of as at pres ent by two bureaus located In different departments. These services have much in common. Geographically, the are similarly located administratively, they have many of the same problems. It Is estimated that consolidation would result in a saving of not less than $100,000 an nually. Abolition of Local Offices. Perhaps the part of the organization In which the greatest economy in public ex penditure is possible Is to be found In the numerous local offices of the govern ment. In some Instances the establish ment and the discontinuance of the.se lo cal offices are matters of administrative discretion. In other instances they are established by permanent law in such a manner that their discontinuance Is be yond the power of the president or that of any executive officer. The responsibility for the maintenance of these conditions must naturally be di vided between the congress and the exe cutive. But that the executive has per formed his duty when he has called the attention of the congress to the matter must also be admitted. Realizing my re sponsibility In the premises, I have di rected the commission to prepare a re port setting forth the positions In the local services of the government which may be discontinued with advantage, the saving which would result from such ac tion and the changes In law which are necessary to carry into effect changes In organization found to be desirable. On the coming In of the report, such offices as may be found useless and can be abol ished will be so treated by executive or der. Classification of Local Officer In my recent message to the congress I urged consideration of the necessity of placing In the classified service all of the local officers under the departments of the treasury, the interior, postoffice and commerce and labor. The next step which must be taken is to require of heads of bureaus in the de partments at Washington, and of most of the local officers under the departments, qualifications of capacity similar to those now required of certain heads of bureaus and of local officers. The extension of the merit system to these officers and a needed readjustment of salaries will have Important effects In securing greater economy and efficiency. In the first place, the possession by the Incumbents of these positions of requisite qualifications must In Itself promote effi ciency. I In the second place, the removal of lo cal officers from the realm of political patronage in many cases would reduce the pay roll of the field services. At the present time the incumbents of many of these positions leave the actual perform ance of many of their duties to deputies and assistants. The government often pays two persons for doing work that could easily be done by one. What is the loss to the government cannot be stated but that it !s Very large cannot be denied. In the third place, so long as local of ficers are within tho «phnre of political patronage It Is difficult to consider the question of the establishment or discon tinuance of local offlres apart from the effect upon local political situations. Finally, the view that these various offices are to be filed as a result of political considerations has for Its con sequence the necessity tuat the preslCeii and members of congress devote to mat ters of patronage time which they should devote to questions of policy and admin istration. Business Methods. In every case where technical pro cesses have been studied it has been dem onstrated beyond question that large eco nomies may be effected. The subjects first approached were those which lie cloee to each administrator, viz., office practices. An illustration of the possi bilities within thin field may be found In the results of the Inquiry into the meth ods of handling and filing correspondence. Bvery office in the government lias re ported Its methods to the commission. These reports brought to light the fact that present methods were quite In the reverse of uniform. Some offices follow the practice of briefing all correspon dence some do not. Some have flat files others fold all papers before filing. Soino use press copies others retain only carbon copies. Need for Lavor-Saving Office Devices, The use of labor-saving office devices In the service has been made the subject of special inquiry. An Impression prevails I that the government is not making use of mechanical devices for economizing labor to the same extent as are efficiently managed private enterprises. A study has been made of the extent to which devices of this character are now being employed in the several branches of the government and tho opportunities that exist for their more general use. The efforts of the commission resulted also in the adoption by several bureaus or departments of Improved methods of do Ing copying. The amount of copy work heretofore done by hand each year in the I many offices Is estimated to aggregate several hundred thousand dollars. The commission exhibited, at Its offices, ap pliances that were thought to be especial ly adapted to tills kind of government work. Following these demonstrations methods of copying wore introduced which have brought about a saving of over 75 per cent, in offices where used for six months. Tills change in one small cross-section of office practice will more than offset the whole cost of by Inquiry. Waste In the Distribution of Publio Documents. Going outside the office, one of the business processes which have been In vestigated is the distribution of depart ment documonts. This is a subject with which boiii the congress and adminis tration heads are familiar. The prevail ing practice in iiandiing departmental publications Is to have them manufac tured at the government printing office: ach Job when completed is delivered to the department here the books or pam phlets are wrapped and addressed then are then sent to the postoffice: there they are assorted and prepared for shipment through the mails from the postoffice they are sent to the railroad station, which is only a few steps from the gov rnment printing office, when they started. The results of this laborious and circuitous method is to make tho use of the best mechanical equipment impractic able and to waste each year not less than a quarter of a million dollars of govern ment funds in useless iiandiing, to say nothing of the indirect loss due to lack of proper co-ordination. The use of equipment is a matter which also has been investigated. Up to the present time tills investigation has been thn main confined to the subject cf electric lighting. rffK-s Lack of Specifications. The importance of establishing and maintaining standard specifications is found not only in the. possibility of very materially reducing the direct cost of gov- I crr.ment trading, but also In insuring to the service materials, supplies and equip nent which are better adapted to its purposes. One of the results of Indefiri iteness of specifications is to impose con tract conditions which make it extra ha zardous for persons to enter into con ractual relations. This not only deprives he government of the advantage of broad competition, but causes it to pc.y added margin In price to vendors who must carry the risk. The Budget. The United States Is the only great na tion whose government is operated with out a budget. This fact seems to be more striking when It Is considered that bud its and budget procedures are the out growth of democratic doctrines and have had an important part in the development of modern constitutional rights. Tho American commonwealth has suffered much from irresponsibility on the part of ts govern', agencies. The constitution al purpose of a budget is to make gov ernment responsive to public opinion and responsible for Its acts. The Budget as an Annual Program. A budget should be the means for get ting before the legislative branch, before the press, and before the people a definite annual program of business to be finan ced It should be In the nature of a pros pectus both of revenues and expendi tures It should comprehend every rela tion of the government to the people, whether with reference to the raising of revenues or the rendering of service. The principal government objects In which the people of the United States are interested include: The national defense the protection of persons and property the promotion of friendly relations and the protection of American interests abroad the regulation of commerce and Industry the promotion of agriculture, fisheries, forestry and min ing the promotion of manufacturing, commerce, and banking the promotion of transportation and communication the postal service, including postal savings and parcels post tho care for and utili zation of the public domain the promo tion of education, art. science and recre ation: the promotion of the public health the care and education of the Indians and other wards of the nation. These are public-welfare questions in which I assume every citizen has a vi'al !ntor?sl. I byHsvo congress, as an official representative of Hie people, each editor, as a non-official representative of public opinion, each citizen, as a heneficlary of the trust Im posed on officers of the government, should be able readily to ascertain how much has been spent for each of th-se purposes how much has been appropri ated for the current year how much th« administration Is asking for each of these purposes for the next fiscal year. Furthermore, each person interested should have laid before him a clear, w^il digested statement showing in detail whether moneys appropriated have b"en economically spent and whether each di vision or office has been efficiently run. This Is the Information which should be available each year In the form of «. budget and In detail accounts and reports supporting the budget. I ask the continuance of this commis sion on economy and efficiency because of the excellent beginning which has been made toward the reorganization of the machinery of this government on busi ness principles. I ask It because its work Is entirely non-partisan In character nnd ought to apply to every citizen vho wishes to give effectiveness to popular government In which we feel a Just pride. The work further commends Itself for the teason that the cost of organization and work has been carefully considered at every point. Three months were u.ken In consideration of plans before the in quiry was begun: six months were then spent In preliminary investigations before the commission was organized: before March 3. 1911, when I asked for a con tinuation of the original appropriation for the current year, only $12,000 had bee,, spent. WM. H. TA: REACHED LIMIT OF TORTURE Real Reason Why Burglar Gave Even ing Papers Chance to Use Effect ive Headline. A burglar broke into N'ew York mansion eitrly the other morning and found himself after wandering about the place in the music room. Hearing footsteps approaching, he took refuge behind a screen. From eight to nine the eldest daughter had a singing lesion. From nine to ten the second daughter took a piano lesson. From 10 to 11 the eldest son got his instruc tion on the violin. From 11 to 12 the younger boy got a lesson on the flute and piccolo. Then at 12:15, the fam ily got together and practiced music on all their instruments. They were flying up for a concert. At 12:45 the porch-climber staggered from behind the screen. "For heaven's sake, send for the police!" he shrieked. "Tor ture me no longer!" And in the even ing paper there was the headline: "Nervy Children Capture Desperate Burglar," ,. Man and Meter Both Unique. A Kansas City man notified tho gas company that his meter was running slow. Greater honesty liath no man than this. An Oppressive Trust. Before the Coffee Roasters' Association, in ses sion at Chicago on Thursday, Thomas J. Webb, of Chicago, charged that there is in existence a coffee combine which is "the most monstrous im position in the history of human commerce." There is very slight exaggeration about this statement. It comes very close to being literally true. There is a coffee combine in Brazil, from which country comes the bulk of the coffee used in the United States, which i3 backed by the gov ernment of Brazil and financed by it, which com-, pels American consumers, as Mr. Webb said, "to pay famine prices for coffee when no famine exists." The worst thing about this is that the consum ers of the United States have been compelled to put up the money through which this combine, iu further ciiiCti theni, has been mads cfTcctivc* There were formerly revenue duties imposed upon all coffee entering the United States. Those taxes were denounced as an imposition upon the people as taxing the poor man's breakfast table, and the like. The taxes were removed. Immediately thereafter Brazil imposed an export duty upon coffee up to the full amount of the former customs taxes in this country. The revenue which for merly went into tho treasury of the United States was diverted to the treasury of Brazil. The poor man's breakfast coffeo continued to cost him the eame old price. But thi3 was only the commencement. The "valorization" plan was evolved in Brazil. Through this plan the government, using the rev enues derived from the export duties for the pur poses, takes all of the surplus crop in a season of large yields and holds it off the market, thus keeping the supply down to the demands of the market and permitting the planters to receive a much higher price than they would otherwise have done. BACK YARD COMMUNINGS. Ill II iW The Dog—Is this a free concert? The Cat (pausing in his contented monologue)—No, I get so much pur. The annual per capita lire waste in Europo averages 33 cents, while in the United States it amounts to $2.51. The easiest thing in the world to make light of is a ton of coal. A Hold-Up The United States consumes more Brazilian cof fee thandoes the rest of the world. We are tho best customers of Brazil, and Brazil buys little from us. Now Brazil is promoting, financing and maintaining a trust designed, and working effect ively for the purpose, tocompelAmericancon^ turners to pay an exorbitant price for the coffee they use. What is the remedy?—Seattle Post-la* tclligcncer—Nor. 19,1911.<p></p>POSTUM is a pure food-drinK made of the field grains, with a pleasing' flavour not unliKe hig'h g'rade Java. A Big' Package About lbs. Costs 25 cts. At Grocers Economy to one's purse is not the main reason for using' Postum. It is absolutely free from -any harmful substance, such as "caffeine" (the drug* in coffee), to which so much of the nervousness, biliousness and indig'es tion of today are due. Thousands of former coffee drinKers now use Postum because they Know from experience the harm that coffee drinfting' causes. Boil it according' to directions (that's easy) and it will become clear to you why— "There's a Reason Postum. Cereal Company, Limited, Battle CreeK, Michigan. Walking for 6 Nerves. The nerves suffer from want an excellent tonic for the nerves. Standard statistics of the coffee trade 6how a falling off in sales during the last two years of over two hundred million pounds. Authenticated reports from the Postum factories in this city show a tremendous increase in the sale of Postum in alike period of time. While the 6aleq of Postum invariably 6how marked increase year over year, the extraordinary demand for that well known breakfast beverage during 1911 is very likely due to a public awakening to the oppression of the coffee trust. Sucn an awakening naturally disposes the multitude who suffer from tne ill cffects of coffee drinking to be more re ceptive to knowledge or harm which so often comes as a result of the use of the drug-beverage, coffee.—Battle Creek Evening Newt—Dee, 19,19U. 91 of pure oxygen. They run like a neU work all through the skin and when they are overwrought the skin is apt to be dry and cuiuriesa. Walking Is It gives them strength to control them selves. If one has means or leisure, there are plenty of other more enjoyable ex ercises. But few forms aro so bone ik'lal as the regular Snily jaunt of four or five miles for obtaining a good complexion. Had to Put in Human Interest. An old negro preacher, says the At lanta Constitution, gave as his text: "Do tree is known by its fruit, an' it's des impossible to shake do possum down." After the benediction an old .broth er said to him: "I never knowed befo* dat slch a text wuz In de Bible." "Well," admitted tho preacher, "It ain't set down dat way. I throwed in de possum to hit Uts intelligence of my congregation!" Ingredients of Life. Tho ingredients of health and long life are great temperance, open air, easy labor and little care.—Philip Sid ney.