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%*, z*us mi VEILED REFERENCE MADE TO 1916 CAMPAIGN—MAY TRY *t«FOR A REELECTION. /V0RDS STIR 4,000 PEOPLE m&j&m President Vigorously Defends Hia Mexican Policy and. Tariff and Currency Acts and Scores Repub lican Opponents Ship Bill. tflwSwm Nonspaper Union Sews 8errtcft Indianapolis, Ind.—-President Wil eon Friday voiced what a crowd of more than 4,000 people assembled here to hear him make a Jackson day speech interpreted as a hint that he might be a candidate for the presi dency again In 1916, The people leaped to their feet and cheered until the president himself raised his hand and called for quiet. The president had been discussing the Mexican Question and referred to •v. (his belief that he ltnew the tempera ment and principles of the American people, adding that he would not be flit to stay where he was if he did not understand them. 'x "There may come'a trifie," he went "when the American people will have to Judge whether I know what I am talking about or not." There was a slight pause and then the crowd, which included the mem bers of the Indiana legislature, jump ed up and began shouting and cheer ing. Realising the construction which .. had been put on his words, the presi dent held up his hand for silence aiid *aid: "I did not mean to stir up any thing, That was merely preparatory to. saying that for at lepet two mpre years I am free to think I know the 'American people." The president spoke briefly of Mex Ico. He said that the people there were "entitled to liberty, no matter how long they take in determining it." Speaking slowly and carefully, he declared that "so far as my influence goes, while I am president nobody interfere with them." 'mHIg defended the record of his ad* ministration on the Mexican policy and the tariff and currency questions ®od declared that a careful examina tion of the returns from the elections last November showed that if it had been a presidential year a Democrat would have had a majority of about .-.80,, in the electoral college.' WAR ON HIGH CO^T OF FLOUR. ^Wcago Grocers and Butchers Are fjs Up In Arms. Chife'ago.-—Resolution? calling on «0ngreB& to place an embargo on the export of wheat and flour, as well as on arms and ammunition, it .was an nounced here, would be introduced at the next meeting of the Chicago Re tail Grocers' and Butchers* associa tion. S, W-esterfield, chairman of the tradw relations committee of the na tional association of the retailers, planned to begin in this manner a determined fight against the high cost of flour and incidentally of tome .j. baked bread. Leaders on 'change predicted to iyr$bme instances that if th? price of wheat wont much higher there would a general turning to com in place vi wheat bread, both in this country and in Europe. Other dealers were of a contrary opinion and asserted bakers' complaints were unwar ranted—that a barrel of flour costing .17 .would make 275 loaves of bread, y, tor willed the retailer collected $13,75 5, cents a loaf. Who got the dif ^etssnco Was asked, and the conclusion /i§^a.8 drawn that wheat was still rela el he a «.«?, i.... inn rr^j.v.taa,, New Orleans Celebrates. i$ Orleans.—Celebration of the -'Centenary of peace between: Great ^Britain and the United States was be here Friday with a salute of twen y-oae guns, timed to. end 100 years, moment, after Andrew Jackson, ^triumphed over the British army at "Chalmette. Other ceremonies of the three days' celebration included the 'eiiing of a statue of Jackson on |^the spat where the general had his ^xchattge ol greetings between Assia- Seeretery Peters, of the terasury department, who is President Wilson's representative, and the envoy pfJKing George, Consul Carew-Hunt. jt'X -^'Leavenworth, Kan.—The rapidity with whichthey constructed a new j^cell house at the federal prison was me of the arguments put forward by *^lSi&e^'enteea 8tructural iron, workers, ^cj»avteted in the "dynamite conspir at Indianapolis, who ap id before the federal parole board r,e6«ivened here $ ^, Mi)' Neb.—-First steps toward ,||!!?peBtn# the Missouri rivej to traffic W 'l5l8retwee!^ Saims C}tywd QmMba I $ EPITOME OF THE BIG HAPPEN INGS OF THE WEEK. TO BE READ AT A 6LANGE Items, Both Foreign and Domestic! That Have Interest for Busy Read ers, Arranged and Classified foi Their Convenience. European War News lu reply to Germany's complaint that American manufacturers were export ing dumdum bullets and "riot guns" for the British army, Secretary Bryan informed Count Bernstorff at Wash ington, the German ambassador, that the manufacturers named had denied the charge, and asked that the state department be furnished any evidence the ambassador might have to sup port his protest. Italy has fixed January 10 as the time limit for Turkey to apologize for mally for the Hodeida incident or suf fer the consequences. Unless repara tion is made relations of the two gov ernments will, become of the utmost delicacy. a Formal denial was issued at Berlin of reports that Cardinal Mercier of Belgium had been arrested by German troops. 'V*' ,' A violent German counter-offensive developed in the Argonne region, about Verdun and in front of Steinbach, in Alsace. Air scouts report the arrival of important bodies of re-enforcements brought up to strengthen the German lines in the Argonne and along the Alsne.^.. r* ... ... were at meeting: of shippers of cities at-the Commercial club i.rWhfn a wnsmittee was appointed to quire. &to the feasibilltj' of river iiflc'befcyeeg hte two eittecr. Watsm, a pioneer who followed a he was 96 years old, di«d 'ibere ct.'j# iyeftnj. 4 Wr? i$kr yt/- WWm 4 Fifty thousand Turks were'slain in the last week of fighting in the Cau casus. The attempt of the Turks, un der German commanders, to flapk the caar's forces, was an absolute fail ure Two army corps were slaugh l'TAm .iw** England cannot accept 17. S. certifi cation aa an absolute guaranty of the nature of cargo in case any vessel leaves America. In Other words, the right of search cannot be waived, be cause of the possibility of shifting car goes at sea. Russian advance into Hungary is gaining strength rapidly. Already more than two hundred thousand Cos sacks tu-e reported to have penetrated the Carpathian passes and to be fol lowing the railway and highways south toward Budapest. The Hcdeida Incident girSwing out of the violation of the Italian consulate at that place by the Turks is becomlng complicated. Turkey has refused to accede to the demands. Italy has sent a note insisting that its demand be complied with and that it will not tolerate any further delay. Afri Roumanians in Switzerland lia ble to military service have been or dered to return to their country be fore. the lend of January. The German official statement from BerHn declares t^at fighting east of Steinbach resulted in French being driven back. French attacks repulsed in Argonne and hear Arras. ... :.r 1 :'V" Official announcement was made at Berlin that German aviators had con ducted a succeasful raid upon the Brit ish ammunition storehouses at Rosen dile and Gouderkarque, near Dunkirk. One hundred,, British, soldiers were killed or wounded by bombs. Ammu* nition stores were set on fire and vil lagQg wor,a also fired. •. Domestic Gov David I, Walsh of Massachu setts, addressing the legislature at Boston, recommended, among other legislation, the following reforms: The initiative, referendum and recall wqpian'a suffrage btenul&l elections and the short hallot,' The government filed suit at Colum bns,^ O., against the Capital City Dairy company, asking judgment of over nine million dollars. Allege that this .amount is- due representing dif ference between one-fourth of a cent pounc for Uncolored oleo stamps and- tea cents & poond for colored ojeo, which the eompapy did not pay. tii v^ith 30,000,000 bushels of grain stored in Chicago elevators and ves pels, the heaviest stock on record, and a tremendous movement of graia througli the local market, 'the city oc cupies the most important position as a grain center that it ever has held. '#f The Arizona anttalies employment act edopted to tjie people of the state at the November election as aa initia tive measure, was declared unconsti tutional, null and void at San. Fran cisco by a special court of three fed .eralJu4a®8 -k new AttteVk»an altitude record for pasaenger-carrySng biplanes ,was es tablished by^mt. Joseph C^rberry, carrying Lieut Arthur R, Christie as paaaep.ger to at height at 11,6S0 feet at Saa Diego.: The old record is ,000 feet.' Wire communication restored aftei terrific wind and rainstorms in south era Georgia, Florida and aloiig the At lantic coast, three persons were killed ten injured and damage approximating $100,000 done. '1C¥?' iw-: Winamac, Ind., was throatened with destruction when the huge grain ele vator caught fire. The elevator, with Its bins full of wheat and olher grain, estimated value about $25,000, was de stroyed. Joseph Boyer, sx-convict, and Harry Shepley, his brother-in-law, escaped from Sheriff Mackey and ef pesse of Ogle county citizens from the cottage on an island in the Rock river near Oregon, 111., in which they were barri caded for more than twenty-four hours. The worst accident in the ten years' history of. New York's subway oc curred during the morning rush hours when /700 passengers iii two stalled trains were stricken with panic in the darkened tubes by the dense smoke and acrid fumes from a short-circuited cable. Two hundred persons were in jured, one—a woman—fatally. Others were overcome and were rescued. Attorneys representing?- the Federal league have asked United States. Dis trict Judge K. M. Landis at Chicago to grant an injunction declaring the Na tional Baseball commission a trust, for bidding its members from continuing in business and voiding all its acts and contracts with players.- Mexican Revolt Lining utf for one of the m6st san guinary battles of the Mexican con flict, Villa and Carranza troops were arraying their forces between Vera Cruz and Mexico City. Battle may be final showdown between the two chieftains. ... Saltillo, Mex., was captured by Gen. Felipe Angeles' division of Villa troops. A firing squad finished the career of ex-Huertista General Andreu Almazan, who commanded the Villista garrison at Puebla, which was retaken by Gen eral Obregon's- division of Carran« zista troops. Foreign The Danish steamer Shingolf was lost in ISforth sea and 17 members of crew drowned. British steamer Al fredia sunk off Scarborough. tJrew took to boats and nine of them arrived! in London. Captain and 12 others missing. The British response to the Ameri can note on shipping seizures has been drafted in London and will bla presented to Washington soon. Personal 1 Word was received at La Crosse, Wis., of the death in Los Angeles of Miss Ida Williams, sister of E. A. Wil liams, ex-general maniager of the Erie railroad. She was sixty-two and for merly lived in Milwaukee. United States Senator Lewis is ill at the governor's mansion in Springfield, 111. He, stopped off on his way, to St Louis, where he Was to make at Jack son, day speech. He was attacked by gastric indigestion. ... B. Fulton French, a famous feud leader of Kentucky, noted through the French-Eversole feud, in which scores, were slain, died peacefully at his home in Winchester, Ky.. of asthma. 0 0 Horatio Taft, cousin of William How ard, Taft, who. bore a remarkable re semblance- to the former president died suddenly while In a taxicab at Rockford. III. 0 0 It became known at New Haven, Conn., that Charles S. Mellen, former ly president of the New Haven rail road, is to withdraw from active busi ness life. His health has not been ro bust. iiiiii Washington ,• President Wilson addressed a Jack son day celebration at Indianapolis under the auspices of the Indiana Dem ocratic club. Governor Ralston, Sena tor Kern and many other leading citi zens of the state greeted the presi dent on his arrival at the statioju. With some'of the returns yet to be made, the department of commerce at Washington estimates that the ex cess Of exports over imports for the month of December was $110,000,000. ^President Wilson reiterated%at Washington his position on woman suffrage when 100 women from dif ferent parts of the country called on. blBi, the chief executive repeating his belief that state action, and not na tional, should be had. & O 1 ,'^By a vote of 268 to 75, the house at Washington struck out the senate amendment to the immigration bill providing that"all members of the African race" shall be excluded fronj tl?e, -United States. v4- 4 .^The Brat .of the new powerful 14* Inch army rifles for aiy fortress in the .'United States proper will be emplaced at the harbor of Los Angeles. Cal. This was learned 'from an authoritative suus^k) in Washington. Tli« guna tor the Los Angeles section are aboo* f be eomraoted, .v imiTl PETITION DOCUMENT CALLS FOR A BANK GUARANTY ACT—CARRIES NEARLY.7,000 NAMES. OTHER ITEMS OF INTEREST From the Capital City, this Various State Institutions and from Many Different Parts of. the Sunshine State. Western Newspaper Onion News Service. Pierre.—The first initiative petition for the session of the South Dakota legislature was filed with the secre tary of state January 6. J. E. Plat# secretary of the State Bankers' asso eiation, filed a petition calling for a vote of the people on a bank guaranty act which has been framed by the State Bankers' association. The peti tion carries a few over 6,900 names and will be presented to the two houses as soon as copies can be made. Neither house has attempted to transact any great amount of busi ness, the house meeting merely to ad journ. In the senate three bills were presented by Senator Amsden relating to control of county' property. Bill No. 1 calls for a favorable vote of the people l^fore county property can be offered fr sale. First Senate Committee. The first committee of the senate to be announced was on rules, With McLean as chairman. Hayes' and Daily are the other members. At a meeting of the Republican state committee held here the matter of a new primary act was discussed and the resolution presented by Com mitteeman Roberts at the December meeting, declaring for the repeal of the Richards primary act, waB in dorsed. A committee consisting of Chairman Lockhart, Secretary Powers, T. B. Roberts, committeeman from Hughes county Dr. Lamb, committeean from Davison county, and one other yet to be selected, was appointed to draft the skeleton of a new primary act to be presented to the elections committees of' the two houses for consideration. The new committer will act for the state committee before the legislative committees. The first committee to be announced was the journal committee of the house, with McGrath of Lyman, chair man. Roberts of Day and Knight of Dewey are'the other members. ., Among the registered lobbyists were J. E. Piatt, representing the State Bankers' association A. E. Hall, the State Brewers' ,association Fred R. Rice, railway firemen C. A. Beebe, the Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul Railway company, and E. C. Issenhuth, good roads. Representative Bilger and wife of Fall River were called to their home at Ardmore by a message announcing the loss of their home by fire. ATTACKS ON PRIMARY ACT. Dakota House Orators Have a Lively Inning. Pierre.—The first mixup of the leg islative session was started in the house January 7 over the issue Of a new primary election law. Ruhlman started things by a motion directing the elections committee to report a primary act not later than the first of February. He denounced the present primary act and declared he did not dare go home without some effort to do away with the present law, Blake opposed the motion, declaring the peo ple had not sustained the present law by a vote, Rinehart opposed criticism of the existing statute and the attacks were stricken out before the resolution was adopted. The motion gave sev eral members an opportunity to try out their oratorical powers on the floor. The spea^er^am^d two^tif tfteWgu Iaf committees. That on per diem and mileage is composed of Tidblom. Sto ner, Berdahl, Day, Bergen, .Moe and Stein on rules, Etursh, Withee, March ReinhartV Paulson and Widlon. STS, An Additional Committee On account of the probable impor tance of tax matters at the session a motion was "adopted for an addition al standing committee of seven to be known as the committee of assessment and taxation. Representatives Ruckman, Weller, Reinhart, Buckhols, Norby, Hansen ,and Benson were appointed as the spe cial committee to hear testimony in the Mollitor-Donahoe contest The eight Pierre ministers werte ap pointed as chaplains to alternate by weeks in that office. House bill No, 1 Was offered by Mc Farland. It provides for a. survey of the state, with an appropriation of $30,000 to begin, the work. The senate session was brief. The appointment of McLean, Hale, Lund ley, Berndt and Bobb as a committee on legislative expense was announced. Stiles. Browne, Van de Mark, Sbeafe and Mr. President ^were named as the rules committee^.. The dealers oit" the state claim thvt present statutes? discriminate againet state wholesalers to handling of cigar ets. and they will ask for an amend »nect allowing them to be handled by the aoaejoea noi aU eiipoed in orijld# dealtt*. 1 PRINTING QUESTION BOBS UP. "YV _____ .4r "i 41 Joint Committee to Adjust Number of Bills. Pierre.—The bitter contest *over printing bills of the last legislative session showed its teeth again Friday in an innocent looking resolution in creasing the number of house bills printed for distribution from 750 to 10,000 and another providing for extra house journals. Before it got far on its road a dozen members—Ruckman, Withee, Johnson of Spink, Benson Patterson and otherSs—were taking part. The final result was the adop tion of an amendment for a joint, com mittee to adjust the number of bills printed between the house and senate. The resolution fixing pay days start ed a lot of discussion as to just when the members might be absent on a recess. The date of January 22 as the first recess was objected to, indicat ing that the expectation of the mem bers is to take their recess on that date. The whole matter finally went over to a special committee after all who desired had discussed it. The house adopted a resolution by Quickstad setting the fortieth day as the last for receiving general bills and the forty-fifth day as the last for committee bills, which is the earliest "closing" date ever fixed. Among the senate bills Friday was one by Hagen, of Beadle, which gives cities which have adopted a commis sion form of government the right to back up and again adopt the coun cil form if so desired by- a majority of the voters of their city. Widlong presented a bill in the house fixing the liability of townships and counties for damages by defective bridges, dividing the responsibility on the line between structures built by the different subdivisions. The senate accepted two new bills and several committees were an nounced, the chairman of which are: Health, Miller cities under commis sion, Printup education, Whitt.emore agriculture, Lincoln mines and min ing, May charitable institutions, Mor ris. The record of quitting a legislative job after securing an appointment goes to J. M. Lork, of Clark county, who has set a precedent in that line. He started as an applicant for house bill clerk and, failing in that finally took a committee clerkship, but changed his mind before beginning work and has gone home. An effort will be made to change the ballot form for constitutional amendments and referred laws. so as to give the. voter a concise statement of what he is voting on on the face of the ballot, instead of the vague provisions which were given in the last election. STOCK BREEDERS TO MEET. Program Announced for Convention to Be Held at Mitchell. Mitchell.—The program of the an nual meeting of the South Dakota Im proved Live Stock and Poultry Breed ers' association, at Mitchell, January 25 to 28, inclusive, is as follows MONDAY, JANUARY 25, 7:30 P. M. Address—"The Association,:' Presi dent J. M. Erion, Mitchell. Report of secretary and treasurer, James W. Wilson, Brookings. Address—"Needed Legislation," P. F. Wickhem, Alexandria. Address—"The Kind of Poultry (for the Farmer," C. S. Etanley, Dolton. Appointment of committees, Presi dent Erion. Tuesday forenoon visiting poultry and grain shows. "TUESDAY, 7:30 P. M. Address—"Successful and Perma nent Agriculture," Dr. C. F. Curtiss, Ames, la. Address—"My Experience While in Belgium and France at the Outbreak of the War," Fred B. Holbert, Sioux Falls. VV Address—"Raising Durocs," Fred B. Painter, Canton, S. D. Wednesday forenoon, get acquainted and visit other shows. WEDNESDAY, 12:30 P. M. Sale of Clydesdales, Percherona, Suffolk and French draft horses and Short-horns, Hereford?, Polled Durham and Aberdeen Angus cattle in the pa vilion. WEDNESDAY, 7:30 P. S Address—A E. Hitfehcock, president of regents of education. Address—Dr. E. C. Perisho, presi dent of state college, Brookings. Address—Samuel Jordon, "Better Farming," Missouri. Thursday forenoon visit other asso ciations and become acquainted. THURSDAY, 12:15 P. M. ,Sale of Poland China, Duroc Jersey, Chester White and Hampshire swine and Shropshire and Hampshire ewes in the pavilion. ..... THURSDAY, 7:30 P. M. Address—"A Successful County Fair," Geo. B. Otte, Clark, S. D. Address-—"Hog Cholera," Dr. C. C. Lipp, state college. Open session. Unfinished business. Election of officers. Abstractors Names Officer*. Pierre.—At the meeting of the ab stractors of the state here H. J. Gie sen of Aberdeen was chosen presi dent L. E. Goldsmith, Fork Pierre, vice presidentsind C. E. Noel, High-, more, secretary-treasurer." ,The asso ciation held a banquet. Gold Sin# for Anderson. Pierre,—An engraved gold ring was presented to retiring State Auditor H. B. Anderson, it was a tribute irom the office force, which has been witb bin duriag his term of otBs*. J. T1 I NEWS OF SOUTH DAKOTA Western Newspaper Union News Sct-Weo The total building operations £t Brookings during the past year amounts to $263,900. The Catholic church of Sioux Falls has announced the erection of a $200,- 000 edifice this year. Paul Bernard and Roy Kingborn. living near. Belle Fourche, have been arrested, charged with cattle rustling. They were bound over to the circuit court. The Iroquois opera house has been extensively improved under the direc tion of an expert from Chicago, and now is one of the finest playhouses in that part of the state. Sheriff Sullivan of Oacoma has. lodged in the Sioux. Falls penitentiary Bert K. Gravelle of Hilmoe, who en tered a plea. of guilty to the charge of grand larceny, and was sentenced by Judge Williamson to a term of four teen months. The Northwestern railway officials believe that afire bug is endeavoring to destroy their stations between. Pierre and Rapid City. The Wendfc station was destroyed Saturday uight and Monday night fire was discovered in the Sapa station. Simon Schoeberl of Salem had a. narrow escape from death while oper ating a corn shelling machine. He was attending the engine when his sheepskin lined coat became caught in the engine, dragging him into the ma chinery. One leg and two ribs were broken and in addition he was badly bruised and cut. Mrs. Ellen Simmons, a Sioux Indian, and one of the most respected Indian, women on the Yankton ,reservation,, died at Greenwood, south'of Wagner. The funeral service was conducted by Mr. Williamson at the Presbyterian church. The deceased was 90 years old, and her grandsons acted as pall bearers for the occasion. According to a. detailed statement published by the Chicago Herald, Sioux Falls with bank clearings which in round figures totaled $722,000 for the last week, compares very favora bly in bank clearings with towns sev eral times as large and in many cases being considerable higher than those in cities of three times the size ot Sioux Falls. Robert Muckler, who has been ex aminer in charge of the Farmers' State bank of Winner, has practically com pleted the Work of closing up the af fairs of the bank. A week or two ago the depositors had been paid 75 per cent of their claims and the remainder will soon be paid, so that none of them will lose a cent through the closing, of: the institution. The abolishment of capital punish ment in the state and a more humane treatment of prisoners is urged by the governor, and he commends the change at the penitentiary which al lows the prisoners to converse during meals. The governor is in favor of road work for the convicts and rec ommends the abolishment of contract labor at the penitentiary. Unknown robbers, who are believed' to have been professionals, robbed the store of the Brooberg Mercantile Co. of Groton of a quantitiy of goods and made their" escape. They selected only the best goods. Twenty bolts of silk of the best grade, a fur lined coat, a number of pairs of trousers, and oth er goods were carried away. Two men are believed to have been implicated in the robbery. No trace has yet been found of a bold thief whp entered the Emery sa loon building of A. D. Meyer and es caped with |175 in cash, which had been left in the money drawer. The robbery occurred during a fifteen min ute period that the bartender chanced to be absent. During this time the robber broke a panel in the back door opened the door from the inside and entered the building, disappearing be fore the bartender returned. Residents of western South Dakota will ask their -representatives in the state legislature to make an effort' to secure legislation which will do away with the state practice Of collecting taxes on homesteads immediately af ter final proof has been made by an applicant and the land office receiv er's receipt has been issued, but be fore the applicant has received his patent (title) from the federal gov ernment. A hew theo'ry'hlFdev^bped' re'gard ing Gardner B. Spinier, the youngr Northwestern railroad engineer who -J mysteriously disappeared in Aberdeen on December 16, while on his way to Crandall, S. D., to marry Miss Emma Dawson, a well known and popular young woman of that place This theory was given to a local newspa per by an Aberdeen business man who refused to allow his name to be used and who stated that he had learned from a local physician. that the miss ing young man is safe, and will reap pear in due time, but would say noth ing further regarding the case: in quiry among Aberdeen physciians fail ed to. bring to light any one of them who owned to having made any such statement. After visJWnjf his doctor and paying* him a large bill, Christ Eggo, a res taurant employe here,, went to hip room and drained the contents of a vial of tincture of opium. He died an from rheumatism for isome time. Ekeo leaves a wife u,d tVo small children Miwi and 6 l3r0tlier 5&V l&U Hi Minneapolis. Stanley Philip, *n heir to the Philin ,e8t^t,*Thich 18 t**6 °waer of a largo herd of buffaloes, haa denied the story that the estate was considering the canning of the buffalo meat to he sold on the eastern markets.