-. v.-'.- fcfrkvSMis,-:
The Saturday News
Published Brery Friday at Watertown, Codlagtoa County,
South Dakota, on Midway.
E. M. BARKER» EDITO^ND Publisher,,
Entered at the Postofflce, Wntertown., fcfeuth fiakota. as Second Class Matter
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TO OWN OR NOT TO OWN?
Public ownership may be said to be one of the leading ques
tions of the day it is a sign which shows the direction progress is
taking. It prayea that men are getting tired of being gouged and
milked to the extreme limit, without redress it shows a desire to
take a hand ia some of the things that so deeply touch the com
Cases could be multiplied showing the benefit of public
•ownership, while the few cases that are adduced on the other side,
when investigated show, not the weakness of the principle, but
£he weakness of its application in those particular cases. Some
•times a bank doses its doors on'account of the defalcation of its
•cashier, but aB banks "are not worthless, and all cashiers are not
The city, of Manistee, Mich., some ten years ago bought out
its private water company. The manager under the private com
pany was retained in the employ of the city. Rates were reduced
twenty per ecot. Besides this saving to the city, extensive im
provements in the plant have been made and paid out of current
receipts, and a sinking fund has been carried along which,in a very
short time notr, will retire the bonds.
Of courae, like everything human, this plan is liable to
abuse. But the people would be dealing with their own employees
whom they hare the power to remove. They would not be deal
ing with a company that could shake a twenty-five or fifty years
franchise in their faces and say: "Now what are you going to do
But some say: "If you begin by owning water,and gas and
street railways, where will you end? You will want to go into
the grocery business next!"
Not necessarily. But if the grocery business was a monop
oly, and people were compelled to pay more for groceries than
they were wortHf J:hen it would be time for the' government to
step in and take a hand,—regulate: them, if it could or own them there,
if regulation provfd a failure
The question of monopoly 'for .-private profit is involved,
"When a private company undertakes to operate a public utility, it
demands a. franchise, which constitutes an absolute monopoly in
that particular utility as long as that franchise lasts. IT CUTS
OFF ALL COMPETITION. If you think there is too much wa
that with the water company, Ifyou don't like your grocer, you
can try another. But the only thing you can do when you and
the street car company differ is to walk. True, we have no street
car system here, but a franchise is out allowing it
Sec the point? Monopoly in private hands, for private
profit, is open to,abuses which it is impossible to remedy because
ji the underlying principle is not just. The people can best attend
to their best interests themselves.
is a very
bf the water worVs here. The matter should fee thoroly discussed.
"THERE IS NO DOUBT ABOUT ITS BEING A STEP FORWARD.
If the city owned its own waterworks it would hold an investment
that vyould pay back the original outlay in a few years, and be
/Soured of profit and satisfaction to the city as long as it lasts.
It should not be looked at as an EXPENSE, but as a PRO
TIT BEAKING iNVESTM ENT,—for the CITY.
jl B&orattyc vt»ie wssmioM. It is therefore impossible to forecast thif
ininiediaiepssalt. Ultimately, of course, the House of Lords
preiae Co&t doe* attimea/i virotdc^not^ibe worth a
... ... s, ...
Give old .as well as new
v-w«ircfiJLi.i.u«. you nmnK tliere is too much wa- Held in the talons of a ijufee
¥r in the, milk, you can change the imilkman. But you can't do
in favor of the city ownership
THE BRITISH PARLIAMENT.
•The present session of the Britisn parliament promises to be
•of unusual moment. A large number of important measures relat
ing to Ireland, education, land tenure, liquor and other matters
TiHll be introduced by the government, and will probably pass the
commons by large majorities only to be rejected by the lords.
This the government expects and in a sense the bills are pre
pared with that end in view. As all know the house of lords is
not only overwhelmingly Conservative but, being a non-elective
feody it is not responsible to the people in the ordinary sense arid
therefore is not much influenced by public opinion. This combing
tion makes it wdl nigh impossible for a
"Liberal ministry to enact
-Any-legislation affecting certain questions. In the hope of remedy
ing this the government has opened war on the lords, the plan be
ing to introduce popular measures isfMch it knows the lords will
inject or radically alter. In either case the government would ap
the country with the slogan, "End or mendthe Lords."
the result would be is uncertain. Just at ptesefat ),^
show that the tide of pubGc opinion is against the
ministry, though not to the extent that some suppose, for in
agvera) of the elections the Liberals have lost the fight because
p- "ThtitjvSte watf divided between two candidates while
It t» also iwell known that
r£ 5* £.
in many cities and states the chief executive, after stating in his
oath of office that he will impartially enforce the law, deliberately
refuses to enforce certain laws.
Herein lies one exceedingly weak point in our American life
—that of lack of respect for the law.^How can law that is "more
kept i'-th' breach than? throbservance lie,Wspected? It is this
which is so largely responsible for infractions of law, for illegal
business methods and for Criine^against property and persons.
People have reasoned and not without caus?, that they could
commit wrongs because of the possibility that'the law would not
be enforced against them. This is the secret of the wholesale vio
lation of law thruout the country. This is the reason why the
Sherman and other anti-trust laws have been violated by corpor
ations that have, in the not recent past flouted both the courts
and the government. This, and the fact that law is made and
regulated by the corporation interests. And the further fact that
money can purchase immunity from crime thus placing a premium
on vice, and bringing the law into disrepute as having its "price."
People talk of anarchy and anarchists. But the worst an
archy is that committed by public officials who arc sworn to en
force the law and who then refuse to do it, and by those men who
amass enormous fortunes by systematically breaking the law, and
who in so doing plunder the people on one hand, and on the other
undermine reverence for law and for government. It is well that
a healthy public conscience is now awakened on this question.
The editor of the Herald does not like the prospect of Lester
for mayor, and the possibility of Sherin for city attorney. We do
not know why the Herald should object to Mr. Lester, unless it
be that he is a little too strenuous for our easy-going contempor
ary* The reason for her antipathy to Mr. Sherin is very obvious,
as every student of history will remember. The Herald objects to
the expense of the Sherin regime. It must be remembered that
muck-raking costs money, and aitho the odors arising from such
a work may offend too delicate nostrils, yet in the end it results in
good. The Herald poses as a reform, organ, but it doesn't seem
natural. True reform always begins at home.
Advice to a political candidate: Saw wood and if your op
ponent begins to compile a fictitious history showing you to be a
tyrant, a grafter, a nature faker and an undesirable,—keep on
sawing wood. You are probably the man the people want.
Senator Knox has introduced a bill to establish a system of
postal savings banks. If the bill is passed it will no doubt be de
clared unconstitutional. If Mr. Taft were asked the reason,would
he say: "God knows?"
When a politician begins to throw mud, it is a sign that he
is running short of arguments.
Put Glass in congress so you cari see how things
EAGLE ABDUCTS A BABY.
Big Bird Carries New Jersey Child to
Top of Tall Tree,
reel and, three yearijoid^was
tree near Caldwell, N. J. There the
child got free and fell to the ground.
She landed on a haystack and'escaped
The child weighed forty pound*, and,
according to the father's story, the
great bird was barely able to maintain
its flight under the weight Its carry
ing oft of the girl was more than half
Involuntary, Its talons having tokome
caught in her clothing when she at
tempted to save a hen from the .eagle.
Vreeland .aid the girl had been soar
ing over his chicken run for than
an hour. He Baw it swoop downward
Into a clump o£ currant bushes. In the
HRB CROS BBOUGB9 HEB &A3S2B
bttshes the eagls pounced upon fc hen,
but could not rise vrtt.h Its pr& be^
cause of .the thick foliage. The flap
ttfng of the srre&t wings attracted the
ehi)d to .tbfl iittot, and when sti# eaur
the hen held ty the eagle she
•tick and ,began tp belabor th*- ata-
The eagfe- ipwng oh her. sliMiif tta
lntjs Sw tew, the vharb ela,wj|
toMln# i»r fl«h. Her crtes
fey. of the au the bird S«w,..
jjWWteg "troggUog. after It
ha** been ftunQJtr
Mlghbcrhood 1803, bat a
fiMtbey bMn^lmawn tn attack
Puniah Their Fbe«. by' Cutting
Their Tendons Aohillei.
Evidence^ of thb brutal methods em
ployed in their depredations by' Ma
carlo Sakay and the other men who
were convicted of the crime of bando
lerlsmo and sentenced to death in the
supreme court of the Philippines is
afforded by a copy of the decision Just
received in Washington.
The appellants in the case had in the
lower court changed their plea of not
guilty to that of guilty and attempted
to show that whatever they did was
done from a patriotic motive. The su
preme court declared that, "with refer
ence to this patriotic motive," it would
allow two of tha exhibits introduced
by the prosecution during .the trial to
explain. One of these exhibits was a
letter addressed by Sakay to Pip del
Pilar, major genera], and said:
"Direct the troops to enter the town
of Teresa. Seine all foods which you
can carry also take the money .in or
der to defray the expenses of our sol
diers and the war. Arrest the conse
jal, Memlmino Grebillos, and all per
sons concerned with him In' detaining
our commissioners, and:as soou as ar
rested you will punish them as provid
ed In order No. 9, prescribing that tlife
tendon achilles shall be cut and the
fingers of both hands crushed. Should
the town's people offer resistance to
the troops burn all the houses wlUwut.
showing mercy to the inhabitants. Ail
the provisions of this letter had been
(assed on hi the supreme junta on ac
count of the treacherous conduct of
the Inhabitants of Teresa toward our
Another letter, signed by Sakay, di
•ected to Major komos, acknowledges
the receipt of a letter reporting the
resultof some expedition and adds:
"Direct Captain Franca to take away
Francisco Itosalla and Faustino Casto
dlo and cut the tendons of their feet
and crush the angers of their hands.
Do'hot fall to obey this order, or oth
erwise you will be held responsible for
noncompliance therewith, because they
are traitors to our government."
stuns to Qoath by a Bew1^
W. S. Richardson, a farmer's
vflfe, living a ffew miles east
lag Green, O.,: a suburb of Toledo,
died within ten minutes after being
by a honpybee- She was at
work In the garden when the bee buzz
ed about her until £he was excited
and tten stung her under the right
eje as she tried to fight it off. Her
husband heard ier cried and hastened
to-.her Bide, but vshft became iincon
tog cHirricia to the hOTse. D^ath was
«Mto ap^lery caused by the sting
aadlhe excitement. Bha Smitm a hua
of railroad eommto.
naun wlli naka an inveatisatlon of
A Man Eats
Basement Saturday News
at your order. Call on us when
you need anything in the line of
fuel. Hard and soft
and wood. Orders carefully al^
tended to. Prices very reasonable.
M.W. Murphy & Co.
Watertown «S. D.
And shoo them Right.
Perfect satisfaction guaranteed. A
East Kemp Avenue Watertown, S. D.
Three times a day.
We are noted for
our up- to- date
service. Give us
a trial. In court
and cooking we
why so many like
to eat here.
Corner Maple St. and First Ave. N. Watertown, S. D.
Strong, Reliable, and at
JJie:.saine time nobby and
Up-iEo-date. Big stock to
See my line of Trunks,
Traveling Bags, Grips and
Suit Cases. Prices very
Up-to-date Shoe Repair
J. M. XTaho wald
"fp N. Oak Street
Let I^Te Do Your
I do electrical work of all kinds-!
wiring—putting in fixtures
I carry in stock a complete line of
supplies and gaurantee satisfaction
and prompt attention.
^UNNY8II)K Washed Bjfgr Atofl" Nut
Soft Coal, the 6efl^C(Mk% aadleatii^:
cun« thetfhtsiff SPatrd C*i^
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