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MANISTEE MAKES GOOD Nine Years Successful Working Under Municipal Ownership The problem of city ownership of tho water works has been fully worked out and thoroly tested at Manistee, Mich. It has been proved a great Hiiccess, far beyond the highest hopes of its most en thusiastic supporters. ManiBtoo is a city of 14,000. Twelve years ago a movement was started to bring about city ownership of tho water plant. Throe years the fight waged fiercely, and thon tho matter was put to the vote of the citizens, and it was dc cided to acquire tho water works on be half of the city. Only 17 voted against the measure, while the vote in favor of it was over 1800. We huve an interesting letter from Stephen Cahill, the superintendent of tho water works, giving particulars of present conditions in Manistee and also relating a little history. Tho city of Manistee acquired posses sion of tho water works in 189!) at a price of $125,000. Tho price was deter mined by arbitration, the arbitrators being three in number, all hydrauln engineers, and all non-residents of th city. Tho matter was in tho hands of committee appointed by tho city, an or dinary council committeo, who, says Mr. Cahill, "acted exactly as if they were acting for themselves, notwithstanding that I brought the most severo pressure to bear on them, in fact, they paid no attention to anything except the point they had in view, and as I said, finally won out. And I'll be jiggered if they didnt hire mysolf, and six months after wards appointed a board, which board from that time until this has had com plete control of tho water system." Tho cost of the original purchase was covered by an issue of bonds, for $500 each, bearing four percont interest,pay able semi-annually, the principal sum being payable $10,000 on Oct. 1 of each year, until the whole sum is paid. Regarding tho splendid work done for tho citizens by this water board Mr. Cahill proceeds: "At the very start they reduced tho water rates to tho ex tent of 83000 per year, which more thnn offset the taxos formerly paid by my old company which taxes amounted to 82500 a year, and which lot it be said they only paid for throe years. Next they in creased tho water supply 100 per cent, and have run water pipes, no pipe being less than 4 inches in diamoter, to dis tricts which formorly had no water. They have increased the number of iire plugs in uso 75 por cent, and during tho presont year havo redue.ed the hydrant rental to $10,000, which is $500 less than that received by my old people. In short they have not only made a success of the water works from a sentimental point of view but from a uionoy point of view also." Tho following is taken from tho an nual report of the city water department of Manistee, Mich., for the year ending February, "07: "$9,823.32 has boen expended during the year in extending and bettering the system and at the present wo are en gaged in incrensing the water supply by -building a new well. "Tho clerk's report shows that tho earnings of tho department for the past year were $20,383.77. Impressed in tormB of percentage, the water workB pays 11% per cont on the money invest ed, the total investment to date being #178,183.14. Allowing S per cent for de preciation, the set roturns to the people of tho city from the operation of the water works amounts to 8% per cent .on tho capital invested." After paying $10,000 of the bonded in debtedness $11,603 operating expenses, including interest on the outstanding u" bonded indebtedness and (8,883 con ::Btmotion aocount, the accounts show a -.'balance in hand of over $7500, The following general information concerning the water works, taken from -.the last report, will be of interest. The 'original cost of the water works was t: $125,000, and improvements and addi tions have been added since to the amount of over $53,000. There are 23 wiles of water mains 153 fire plugs 1820 taps in servioe the total amount of wa ter pumped during the year is about .306,850,000 gallons, while the average daily consumption is-840,670 gallons,The number of services metered is 8 per eent. The ordinary pressure carried is ^2 pounds, with a fire pressure of from 300 to 120 pounds. The running expen ses of the plant, less interest, are 18805 and the cost of pumping lOOO gallons of water, coat being based on the operating ppexpensea and interest on the total cost the works to date (I178QQ0 at 4 per cent) in five cents. S Again referring -to the letter of Mr jfOahiH's. He states that besides reduc ing the water rates, municipal owner «hi| haft resulted raising the wages oif trteiyona oonheotecl with the works, be ginning with the common labor, and ending with the superintendent. He says the people cannot be persuaded tp wtum to ihy eld method of private ownership, that no offer can tempt them to take what they consider a backward step. In other words they have tested for themselves and find beyond a doubt that what can be done successfully and with profit by a private company can be done just as well and just as profitably by a eity, with the very best results both financially am! otherwise to that city, plus the PROFITS which would Services at 10:4") a. m. and 7:30 p. m. Sunday school at 12:15. Pastor, Itov. R. L. Palmerton. Subjects for sermons: Morning, a "When Sin is Full-grown." Prayer meeting on Thursday evening at 7:30. Strangers and the public are most cor dially invited to these services. OKKMAN KVANGKMCAT. LUTHERAN Kev. R. Polzin, pastor. Service 'i.'iO o'clock in tho afternoon, school after servico. TRINITY CHURCH, PROTKSTANT KI'IHCOI'AL Rector tho Kev. ,J. 15. Van Fleet. Sunday school at 10. Second Sunday in Lent. Morning service 11. Evening service 7::«J. OATHOUC Immaculate Conception Church. Fr. W. S. O'Meara pastor. Sunday: First Mass at a. m., High mass at 10::t0a. m. Sunday school at 2:30 p. m. ntESnVTKIilAN Rev. A. M. Work, Ph. D., pastor. Ser vices Sunday at 10:45 a. m.. Sunday school at 12:00, V. P. S. C. E. at 0:30, evening service at 7:30. At the morning hour (10:45) there will be a public reception of members. All who hold church letters and all who would come on profession of faith are requested to meet at the church at 10:15 Sunday morning. Evening theme: "Where nrt thou?" Everybody welcome. MKTHOD1ST El'lSOOl Al. Dr. J. P. Jenkins pastor. Class meet ing at 10:15. Services morning and evoning, atl0:4."aml 7:30. Sunday school 12:00. Epworth League at 0:30. All are cordially invited. Morning theme-"Qharacter Build ing overling theme—"The Loper's Di lemma." Class meeting to be led by K. F.Tracy. Junior League at 3:30 p. m. FIRST CHURCH OF CHRIST, SCIENTIST Service is held Sunday at 11 a. m. Subject: "Substance." Sunday school 0:45 a. m. Wednesday evening meeting at 8:00 o'clock. Reading room open Wednesdays and Saturdays from 2 to 4 p. m. All interested are cor dially invited to attend these meetings, AV. J. Dean, Clerk. BSOOND CBUROH OP CHRIST, SCIENTIST Alexander block, over Model Clo thing house, B. Maple street. Sunday morning at 11 a. m. subject, "Sub stance." Sunday anhool at 9:45. Wednesday evening iesHmonjrmeeting at 8. Read ing rtom open Wednesdays and Satur days from three to tour p. m. A cor dial invitation is extended to all to at tend these meetings. Thomas A. Ains worth, clerk ji 'JY ..' SALVATION ABMY Meetings every night at 8 o'clock, ex cept Monday. Sunday services: Sun day school, 10:30 a. tn. Holiness, 3 p, In. Battle for Souls 8 p. m. 1 JTsfiSl" B. Y. P. v. Meets Sunday evening at 6:30. Sub ject, "The Wise Use of Money." Leader: Paul Johnson. wm'' .The Epworth League of the E. ohurch will hold its weekly devotional meetingin the League hall at 630 Sunday evening. Subject: "Why we go to Church*" Leader: Gertrude SsbprUwiL,, 'V i* H»e Christian JjJndeavor of tne Congregational onurch will hold its weekly devotion al meeting Sunday evening at have accrued to the private company. Perfect control means perfect satis faction and the common interest in "our" works tends to the best conBerva- I tion of the interests of all concerned.We will back municipal co-operatior •again': private competition any day. Watertown has never tried it. Others Cburcb Motes Services BAPTIST 6:30 in the lecture hall. "The Wise Use of Money." Loader: Alfred E. Piercy. Organ Dedication at Mazeppa at Sunday COSOREIiATlO.NAI. •I. P. Clyde, pastor. Preaching both morning and evening. Morning service, 10:15 Sunday school, Rndeavor, 0:30 preaching 7:30 Prayer Meeting, Thursday evening at 7:.'5tl o'clock. Organ dedication services will be held in the Evangelical Lutheran church at Mazeppa on the 22nd. of this month. Services will be held as follows: 10.00 a. m. dedication of organ by Rev. P. Hinderer, followed by dedicatory ser mon by Rev. K. Polzin of Watertown. Ir. the afternoon at 2 o'clock Kev. M. Mich aels of Henry will speak in both Eng lish and German. I'rof. (i. Burke of New Ulrn, Minn., a very skilful organ ist,will play selections on the new organ. The organ eost $S50, and is a very tine instrument. Everybody is cordially in vited. Revival Services The Revival services lire to be brough a conclusion Friday evening of week. Resides the regular services le-ld nightly in the Methodist church, special services have been held for both men and women, and tho young people's so cieties held a union service in the M. 10. church last Sunday eveuiug. The period of thi moetings has been a time of great refreshing to the various churches participating and cannot but result in good, both in the reviving of interest in church work, and the bringing in of new members. Those in charge of the meetings arc very well pleased with the results of the work,""which lias been of a quiot and helpful character. There has been no undue excitement and no sensa tional methods used, that oring the work of some professional evangelists into disrepute. Tho meetings have been marked by a quiot intensity of purpose, and singleness of aim, which counts for much in tho winning of recruits for the Kingdom. Rev. R..L. Palmerton w'll be in his pulpit at tho Baptist church both morn ing and evening next Sundify. There will bo an evangelistic, sorvice in the evening. Come in time to tako part in the song sorvice at 7:30. Tlic Ridjjeway Recital Tho Epworth League is to bf con gratulated on the magnificent success of the Ridgeway recital. One of the larg est houses ever seen in the city groeted this talented entertainer and her com pany. The greatest enthusiasm was shown, and repeated encores proved that Miss Ridgeway'stilljkeeps her grip upon her Watertown admirers. Mr. Chalmers as a vocalist met with a hearty greeting, while Miss LaGrange as a uiiviiaii^o aa a pianist was verv tine. The concert waif opinion they generally voted, of a most succes§ful character in every way, and ensures a profitable balance at ths end of the course. Petition Against Bridge Award A petition of tax payers has been served upon States' attorney Schull ask ing for an appeal from the decision of the county commissioners in the letting of the contracts of three bridges to be built in the county to L. N. Butler of the Security Bridge Co. Several objec tions were urged in the petition. The principal objection, however, was that the work was not awarded to the lowest responsible bidder. It is claimed that Mr. J. H. JBruns of this city bid $540 less than tho Minneapolis 'concern and further, that he did not figure on using any of the timbers of the old bridges in the wings of the new bridges, which the Minneapolis company did, altho this was not mentioned in the advertisement for bids. This would make the Bruns' bid nearly $800 lower. The petition represents that there is an apparent dis crimination in favor of the Butler com panv, which it claims does not do jus tice to local bidders. li How Cough Germs Multiply When yon have a cold the ..mucous membrane is inflamed and the disease genus whioh you breathe find lodgement and multiply, especially the genn. Foley's Horny and ta: and: heals the inflamed air stops* the ^3pudi add expels Qie cold .¥il23T By8K)1«- Refuse substitutes. A.:^uflner. H|.^ Tha "Hunch." Let ui give you a hunch—it la tha baat cigar t» amoKa aftar UhmH. :fe?*Sr ARRIVING IN CROWDS SctnSS 1 1 have, and succeeded. Manistee has made a brilliant success. Why should not Watertown? of immigrants Seeking Homes in This State. SETTLING WEST OF RIVER Majority of the Newcomers Have Taken Up Homesteads on New Lands Subject' in That Section. T,ast week over 100 cars of emi grant oods crossed the river at Pierre bound for the homestead country west of the Missouri river. It is also re ported that fully 300 more cars are being loaded or are now on the way to thai country from Iowa and Mlnne »ota points and which will be at Pierre within a few days. Along with these are many cars which belong to pur I chasers of land on the east side of the river, who are getting out to begin farming on their new possessions. A I number of this class of cars stop at Blunt and Harrold, the owners having purchased lands last fall in Eastern Hughes and Sully counties and now desire to begin spring work upon the land. With the prasent Immigration to the western and central parts of the state the figures of the next census are going to make a different showing for South Dakota than have those of any census since that of lS8.r, which shifted the center of population from the southeast corner of the old t.errl lory almost up to a line In the center eat! and we.st, and the figures of 1910 will show that the center has moved a long way west along practically a central line of the state. KILLS ADOPTED DAUGHTER Rapid City Woman Shoot6 Seventeen Year-Old Girl. During a quarrel over a trivial af fair All's. Charles S. Harbour of Rapid City snot. her seventeen-year-old daughter, Rose Adams, in the head and the t^irl died two hours later with out regaining consciousness. No one witnessed the tragedy. The girl had just returned from school, where she had been to get some extra books, and finding her mother's door locked borrowed a key from a neighbor across the hall. Soon high words were heard in the Bar bour rooms and ai'ter a shot the mother rushed out, crying that she had killed her daughter. Mrs. Barbour was taken to jail, where she gave indications of becom inga raving maniac. The girl was an adopted child, taken when three years old from an institution in Omaha. WOMEN CAN VOTE. 8chool Issue Gives Right of Suffrage, Attorney General Says. A number of towns arid citias of the stale will this year vote on the question of issuing school bonds to meet the rapidly growing demands of the school population. In this rela tion it is generally interesting to know that Attorney General Clark k«s ruled that women are entitled to vote at such elections, basing his opinion upon the provisions of section 9 of article 7 of the constitution, which, after providing that any wo man having the qualifications of a voter as to age and residence, "may vote at any election held solely for school purposes." The question was taken to the attorney general by wo men at Mitchell, where a vote was being taken on bonds for school build ing construction, and after securing Aberdeen Poslofflce in Firut Cfasn. When the new olasstScatiou of post offiees. which is made after Aoril which is made after of each year, goes into effect Aber deen's postoffice will be raised from second to first class. The amount of business necessary to secure the first class rating is $40,000 a year, exclu sive of the money order department, and this amount already has been ex ceeded, with another month still to run. The business at the Aberdeen office has been increasing rapidly dur ing the past few years. Nearly Killed- by Runaway Team. Mat Zelen, a prominent Davison county farmer, was seriously injured in an effort to stop a runaway, team. He ran directly in front of the ani mals and attempted to get a firm grip on their bridles, but they shook him loose and he was thrown violently, to the ground, tha wheels of the heavy wagon passing over his body. It la feared ha is internally Injured. Woman Forger Sentenced. mss,. Anna Mlljas, the check forger, •onvlcted in the circuit court at Dead wood, was sehtenced by Judge Rice to spend three years and eight months the penitentiary. The woman ap pealed her case to the state supreme eoart and was granted a stay of thirty days, under a new law, in which to perfect tha appeal. Settler w*:' Naw rAmong the new settlers to arrive at Miller is a family from Naw York state With thirtssn children. Their name is Smith. Another family brought along twenty-two mules. the biggest ihljcment of those animals aver made to that section. They will be used in breaking prairie for farm lug. INDIANS CLAIM BUILDINGS Refuse to Permit Railroad Company to Remove Them. That the Sioux Indians are able to hold I heir own even with the great railroad corporations-is demonstrated by an incident which occurred on the west bank of the Missouri opposite Evarts. The territory across the river is a part of the Cheyenne River Indian reservation, but some years ago, when there was no other way of securing the heavy stock shipments from the West to Evarts, the Milwaukee Rail way company arranged with the In dians to construct stock yards direct ly opposite Evarts and permit the driving of cattle across their reserva tion from the great ranges in the northwestern part of South Dakota for shipment over the line of the company from Evarts. The coast ex tension of the Milwaukee company, which crosses the Missouri river some milas above Evarts, taps the stook ranges of Northwestern South Dakota and makes unnecessary the main tenance of such stock yards. The other day the railroad com pany sent a force of men across the river to demolish the stock yards and bring the material to Evarts. The men hail scarcely commenced the work when Indian police forced them to cease. The Indians contend that when they leased the land to the com pany an agreement was made that all building0 erocted by the company on the land should be forfeited to the Indians when iho lease expired. The Indians are in possession of the builditjE uutterlai and it looks as if "IISIsl F. K. Meadowd DOLLIVEB, AND ROGERS Petite Singing and Dancing Ai-tists Gall up the Light Man they would retain possession unless the railroad company sends out a sufficient i.umber of men to take it by force or institutes an action in the federal court. TO SEE MILLION SNAKES. Indians Predict Discovery When Uncle I Sam Dynamites Bluff. If the predictions of mbny of the Sioux Indians residing on the Chey enne River Indian reservation prove correct employes of the government who are about to dynamite a bluff on the reservation will unearth not less than 1,000,000 rattlesnakes. The bluff in question is situated ou the bank of the Moreau river at the White Horse sub-agency. A new steel bridge is to be constructed across the river at that point and In order to prepare an ap proach to the bridge it will be neces sary to tear away a part of the bluff. SAVES LIFE WITH HAMMER Yankton County Farmer Badly Hurt Mi Fight With Bull. Fighting for his life with a hammer against a vicious bull George Moon, a well known farmer residing near Yankton, drove off the brute, but is In a terrible condition. Several ribs are broken also his collarbone. He re ceived Internal injuries and his body is fearfully bruised where the ani mal crushed his victim against the barn wall, where the struggle took place. The bull then attacked a fine cow and soon killed it. It is though* Moon will recover. This Week at the Orpheum When you need anything in my line. I do electrical work of all kinds— wiring—putting in fixtures etc. I carry in stock a complete line supplies and guarantee satisfaction Vf and prompt attention. Motor repairs a specialty ir„ J. Augustus Snyder Basement Saturday News 1 HUSTLE! telThat's the system used and it wprks ta perfect tion. Let us hustle some for you. Insurance gf- fl Real Estate ii City Property 56 Office over IVleadowH & Horswill Phone Main 363 Sr a. T- Hor8Will '•WM':. Watertown, S. D.