Nine Years Successful Working
Under Municipal Ownership
The problem of city ownership of tho
water works has been fully worked out
and thoroly tested at Manistee, Mich.
It has been proved a great Hiiccess, far
beyond the highest hopes of its most en
ManiBtoo is a city of 14,000. Twelve
years ago a movement was started to
bring about city ownership of tho water
plant. Throe years the fight waged
fiercely, and thon tho matter was put to
the vote of the citizens, and it was dc
cided to acquire tho water works on be
half of the city. Only 17 voted against
the measure, while the vote in favor of
it was over 1800.
We huve an interesting letter from
Stephen Cahill, the superintendent of
tho water works, giving particulars of
present conditions in Manistee and also
relating a little history.
Tho city of Manistee acquired posses
sion of tho water works in 189!) at a
price of $125,000. Tho price was deter
mined by arbitration, the arbitrators
being three in number, all hydrauln
engineers, and all non-residents of th
city. Tho matter was in tho hands of
committee appointed by tho city, an or
dinary council committeo, who, says Mr.
Cahill, "acted exactly as if they were
acting for themselves, notwithstanding
that I brought the most severo pressure
to bear on them, in fact, they paid no
attention to anything except the point
they had in view, and as I said, finally
won out. And I'll be jiggered if they
didnt hire mysolf, and six months after
wards appointed a board, which board
from that time until this has had com
plete control of tho water system."
Tho cost of the original purchase was
covered by an issue of bonds, for $500
each, bearing four percont interest,pay
able semi-annually, the principal sum
being payable $10,000 on Oct. 1 of each
year, until the whole sum is paid.
Regarding tho splendid work done for
tho citizens by this water board Mr.
Cahill proceeds: "At the very start
they reduced tho water rates to tho ex
tent of 83000 per year, which more thnn
offset the taxos formerly paid by my old
company which taxes amounted to 82500
a year, and which lot it be said they
only paid for throe years. Next they in
creased tho water supply 100 per cent,
and have run water pipes, no pipe being
less than 4 inches in diamoter, to dis
tricts which formorly had no water.
They have increased the number of iire
plugs in uso 75 por cent, and during tho
presont year havo redue.ed the hydrant
rental to $10,000, which is $500 less than
that received by my old people. In short
they have not only made a success of the
water works from a sentimental point of
view but from a uionoy point of view
Tho following is taken from tho an
nual report of the city water department
of Manistee, Mich., for the year ending
"$9,823.32 has boen expended during
the year in extending and bettering the
system and at the present wo are en
gaged in incrensing the water supply by
-building a new well.
"Tho clerk's report shows that tho
earnings of tho department for the past
year were $20,383.77. Impressed in
tormB of percentage, the water
pays 11% per cont on the money invest
ed, the total investment to date being
#178,183.14. Allowing S per cent for de
preciation, the set roturns to the people
of tho city from the operation of the
water works amounts to 8% per cent
.on tho capital invested."
After paying $10,000 of the bonded in
debtedness $11,603 operating expenses,
including interest on the outstanding
u" bonded indebtedness and (8,883 con
::Btmotion aocount, the accounts show a
-.'balance in hand of over $7500,
The following general information
concerning the water works, taken from
-.the last report, will be of interest. The
'original cost of the water works was
$125,000, and improvements and addi
tions have been added since to the
amount of over $53,000. There are 23
wiles of water mains 153 fire plugs 1820
taps in servioe the total amount of wa
ter pumped during the year is about
.306,850,000 gallons, while the average
daily consumption is-840,670 gallons,The
number of services metered is 8 per
eent. The ordinary pressure carried is
^2 pounds, with a fire pressure of from
300 to 120 pounds. The running expen
ses of the plant, less interest, are 18805
and the cost of pumping lOOO gallons of
water, coat being based on the operating
ppexpensea and interest on the total cost
the works to date (I178QQ0 at 4 per
cent) in five cents. S
Again referring -to the letter of Mr
jfOahiH's. He states that besides reduc
ing the water rates, municipal owner
«hi| haft resulted raising the wages oif
trteiyona oonheotecl with the works, be
ginning with the common labor, and
ending with the superintendent. He
says the people cannot be persuaded tp
wtum to ihy eld method of private
ownership, that no offer can tempt
them to take what they consider a
In other words they have tested for
themselves and find beyond a doubt
that what can be done successfully and
with profit by a private company can be
done just as well and just as profitably
by a eity, with the very best results
both financially am! otherwise to that
city, plus the PROFITS which would
Services at 10:4") a. m. and 7:30 p. m.
Sunday school at 12:15. Pastor, Itov.
R. L. Palmerton.
Subjects for sermons: Morning,
"When Sin is Full-grown." Prayer
meeting on Thursday evening at 7:30.
Strangers and the public are most cor
dially invited to these services.
OKKMAN KVANGKMCAT. LUTHERAN
Kev. R. Polzin, pastor. Service
'i.'iO o'clock in tho afternoon,
school after servico.
TRINITY CHURCH, PROTKSTANT KI'IHCOI'AL
Rector tho Kev. ,J. 15. Van Fleet.
Sunday school at 10. Second Sunday in
Morning service 11. Evening service
Immaculate Conception Church. Fr.
W. S. O'Meara pastor. Sunday: First
Mass at a. m., High mass at 10::t0a. m.
Sunday school at 2:30 p. m.
Rev. A. M. Work, Ph. D., pastor. Ser
vices Sunday at 10:45 a. m.. Sunday school
at 12:00, V. P. S. C. E. at 0:30, evening
service at 7:30.
At the morning hour (10:45) there
will be a public reception of members.
All who hold church letters and all
who would come on profession of faith
are requested to meet at the church
at 10:15 Sunday morning. Evening
theme: "Where nrt thou?" Everybody
MKTHOD1ST El'lSOOl Al.
Dr. J. P. Jenkins pastor. Class meet
ing at 10:15. Services morning and
evoning, atl0:4."aml 7:30. Sunday school
12:00. Epworth League at 0:30. All
are cordially invited.
Morning theme-"Qharacter Build
ing overling theme—"The Loper's Di
lemma." Class meeting to be led by K.
F.Tracy. Junior League at 3:30 p. m.
FIRST CHURCH OF CHRIST, SCIENTIST
Service is held Sunday at 11 a. m.
Sunday school 0:45 a. m. Wednesday
evening meeting at 8:00 o'clock. Reading
room open Wednesdays and Saturdays
from 2 to 4 p. m. All interested are cor
dially invited to attend these meetings,
AV. J. Dean, Clerk.
BSOOND CBUROH OP CHRIST, SCIENTIST
Alexander block, over Model Clo
thing house, B. Maple street. Sunday
morning at 11 a. m. subject, "Sub
Sunday anhool at 9:45. Wednesday
evening iesHmonjrmeeting at 8. Read
ing rtom open Wednesdays and Satur
days from three to tour p. m. A cor
dial invitation is extended to all to at
tend these meetings. Thomas A. Ains
ji 'JY ..'
Meetings every night at 8 o'clock, ex
cept Monday. Sunday services: Sun
day school, 10:30 a. tn. Holiness, 3 p, In.
8 p. m. 1
JTsfiSl" B. Y. P.
Meets Sunday evening at 6:30. Sub
ject, "The Wise Use of Money."
Leader: Paul Johnson.
.The Epworth League of the
E. ohurch will hold its
weekly devotional meetingin
the League hall at 630 Sunday evening.
Subject: "Why we go to Church*"
Leader: Gertrude SsbprUwiL,,
H»e Christian JjJndeavor of
tne Congregational onurch
will hold its weekly devotion
al meeting Sunday evening at
have accrued to the private company.
Perfect control means perfect satis
faction and the common interest in
"our" works tends to the best conBerva- I
tion of the interests of all concerned.We
will back municipal co-operatior •again':
private competition any day.
Watertown has never tried it. Others
6:30 in the lecture hall.
"The Wise Use of Money."
Loader: Alfred E. Piercy.
Organ Dedication at Mazeppa
•I. P. Clyde, pastor. Preaching both
morning and evening. Morning service,
10:15 Sunday school, Rndeavor,
0:30 preaching 7:30 Prayer Meeting,
Thursday evening at 7:.'5tl o'clock.
Organ dedication services will be held
in the Evangelical Lutheran church at
Mazeppa on the 22nd. of this month.
Services will be held as follows: 10.00
a. m. dedication of organ by Rev. P.
Hinderer, followed by dedicatory ser
mon by Rev. K. Polzin of Watertown. Ir.
the afternoon at 2 o'clock Kev. M. Mich
aels of Henry will speak in both Eng
lish and German. I'rof. (i. Burke of
New Ulrn, Minn., a very skilful organ
ist,will play selections on the new organ.
The organ eost $S50, and is a very tine
instrument. Everybody is cordially in
The Revival services lire to be brough
a conclusion Friday evening of
week. Resides the regular services le-ld
nightly in the Methodist church, special
services have been held for both men
and women, and tho young people's so
cieties held a union service in the M. 10.
church last Sunday eveuiug. The period
of thi moetings has been a time of
great refreshing to the various churches
participating and cannot but result in
good, both in the reviving of interest in
church work, and the bringing in of
new members. Those in charge of the
meetings arc very well pleased with the
results of the work,""which lias been of a
quiot and helpful character. There has
been no undue excitement and no sensa
tional methods used, that oring the
work of some professional evangelists
into disrepute. Tho meetings have been
marked by a quiot intensity of purpose,
and singleness of aim, which counts for
much in tho winning of recruits for the
Rev. R..L. Palmerton w'll be in his
pulpit at tho Baptist church both morn
ing and evening next Sundify. There
will bo an evangelistic, sorvice in the
evening. Come in time to tako part in
the song sorvice at 7:30.
Tlic Ridjjeway Recital
Tho Epworth League is to bf con
gratulated on the magnificent success of
the Ridgeway recital. One of the larg
est houses ever seen in the city groeted
this talented entertainer and her com
pany. The greatest enthusiasm was
shown, and repeated encores proved
that Miss Ridgeway'stilljkeeps her grip
upon her Watertown admirers. Mr.
Chalmers as a vocalist met with a hearty
greeting, while Miss LaGrange as a
uiiviiaii^o aa a
pianist was verv tine. The concert waif opinion they generally voted,
of a most succes§ful character in every
way, and ensures a profitable balance at
ths end of the course.
Petition Against Bridge Award
A petition of tax payers has been
served upon States' attorney Schull ask
ing for an appeal from the decision of
the county commissioners in the letting
of the contracts of three bridges to be
built in the county to L. N. Butler of
the Security Bridge Co. Several objec
tions were urged in the petition. The
principal objection, however, was that
the work was not awarded to the lowest
responsible bidder. It is claimed that
Mr. J. H. JBruns of this city bid $540
less than tho Minneapolis 'concern and
further, that he did not figure on using
any of the timbers of the old bridges in
the wings of the new bridges, which the
Minneapolis company did, altho this
was not mentioned in the advertisement
for bids. This would make the Bruns'
bid nearly $800 lower. The petition
represents that there is an apparent dis
crimination in favor of the Butler com
panv, which it claims does not do jus
tice to local bidders.
How Cough Germs Multiply
When yon have a cold the ..mucous
membrane is inflamed and the disease
genus whioh you breathe find lodgement
and multiply, especially the
genn. Foley's Horny and ta:
and: heals the inflamed air
stops* the ^3pudi add expels Qie cold
Tha "Hunch." Let ui give you a
hunch—it la tha baat cigar t» amoKa
ARRIVING IN CROWDS
have, and succeeded. Manistee has
made a brilliant success. Why should
of immigrants Seeking
Homes in This State.
SETTLING WEST OF RIVER
the Newcomers Have
Homesteads on New
in That Section.
T,ast week over 100 cars of emi
grant oods crossed the river at Pierre
bound for the homestead country west
of the Missouri river. It is also re
ported that fully 300 more cars are
being loaded or are now on the way
to thai country from Iowa and Mlnne
»ota points and which will be at Pierre
within a few days. Along with these
are many cars which belong to pur
I chasers of land on the east side of the
river, who are getting out to begin
farming on their new possessions. A
I number of this class of cars stop at
Blunt and Harrold, the owners having
purchased lands last fall in Eastern
Hughes and Sully counties and now
desire to begin spring work upon the
With the prasent Immigration to
the western and central parts of the
state the figures of the next census
are going to make a different showing
for South Dakota than have those of
any census since that of lS8.r, which
shifted the center of population from
the southeast corner of the old t.errl
lory almost up to a line In the center
eat! and we.st, and the figures of 1910
will show that the center has moved
a long way west along practically a
central line of the state.
KILLS ADOPTED DAUGHTER
Rapid City Woman Shoot6 Seventeen
During a quarrel over a trivial af
fair All's. Charles S. Harbour of Rapid
City snot. her seventeen-year-old
daughter, Rose Adams, in the head
and the t^irl died two hours later with
out regaining consciousness. No one
witnessed the tragedy.
The girl had just returned from
school, where she had been to get
some extra books, and finding her
mother's door locked borrowed a key
from a neighbor across the hall. Soon
high words were heard in the Bar
bour rooms and ai'ter a shot the
mother rushed out, crying that she
had killed her daughter.
Mrs. Barbour was taken to jail,
where she gave indications of becom
inga raving maniac. The girl was an
adopted child, taken when three years
old from an institution in Omaha.
WOMEN CAN VOTE.
8chool Issue Gives Right of Suffrage,
Attorney General Says.
A number of towns arid citias of
the stale will this year vote on the
question of issuing school bonds to
meet the rapidly growing demands of
the school population. In this rela
tion it is generally interesting to
know that Attorney General Clark
k«s ruled that women are entitled to
vote at such elections, basing his
opinion upon the provisions of section
9 of article 7 of the constitution,
which, after providing that any wo
man having the qualifications of a
voter as to age and residence, "may
vote at any election held solely for
school purposes." The question was
taken to the attorney general by wo
men at Mitchell, where a vote was
being taken on bonds for school build
ing construction, and after securing
Aberdeen Poslofflce in Firut Cfasn.
When the new olasstScatiou of post
offiees. which is made after Aoril
which is made after
each year, goes into effect Aber
deen's postoffice will be raised from
second to first class. The amount of
business necessary to secure the first
class rating is $40,000 a year, exclu
sive of the money order department,
and this amount already has been ex
ceeded, with another month still to
run. The business at the Aberdeen
office has been increasing rapidly dur
ing the past few years.
Nearly Killed- by Runaway Team.
Mat Zelen, a prominent Davison
county farmer, was seriously injured
in an effort to stop a runaway, team.
He ran directly in front of the ani
mals and attempted to get a firm grip
on their bridles, but they shook him
loose and he was thrown violently, to
the ground, tha wheels of the heavy
wagon passing over his body. It la
feared ha is internally Injured.
Woman Forger Sentenced.
mss,. Anna Mlljas, the check forger,
•onvlcted in the circuit court at Dead
wood, was sehtenced by Judge Rice
to spend three years and eight months
the penitentiary. The woman ap
pealed her case to the state supreme
eoart and was granted a stay of thirty
days, under a new law, in which to
perfect tha appeal.
rAmong the new settlers to arrive at
Miller is a family from Naw York
state With thirtssn children. Their
name is Smith. Another family
brought along twenty-two mules. the
biggest ihljcment of those animals
aver made to that section. They will
be used in breaking prairie for farm
INDIANS CLAIM BUILDINGS
Refuse to Permit Railroad Company
to Remove Them.
That the Sioux Indians are able to
hold I heir own even with the great
railroad corporations-is demonstrated
by an incident which occurred on the
west bank of the Missouri opposite
The territory across the river is a
part of the Cheyenne River Indian
reservation, but some years ago, when
there was no other way of securing
the heavy stock shipments from the
West to Evarts, the Milwaukee Rail
way company arranged with the In
dians to construct stock yards direct
ly opposite Evarts and permit the
driving of cattle across their reserva
tion from the great ranges in the
northwestern part of South Dakota
for shipment over the line of the
company from Evarts. The coast ex
tension of the Milwaukee company,
which crosses the Missouri river some
milas above Evarts, taps the stook
ranges of Northwestern South Dakota
and makes unnecessary the main
tenance of such stock yards.
The other day the railroad com
pany sent a force of men across the
river to demolish the stock yards and
bring the material to Evarts. The
men hail scarcely commenced the
work when Indian police forced them
to cease. The Indians contend that
when they leased the land to the com
pany an agreement was made that all
building0 erocted by the company on
the land should be forfeited to the
Indians when iho lease expired.
The Indians are in possession of the
builditjE uutterlai and it looks as if
F. K. Meadowd
DOLLIVEB, AND ROGERS
Petite Singing and Dancing Ai-tists
Gall up the
they would retain possession unless
the railroad company sends out a
sufficient i.umber of men to take it
by force or institutes an action in the
TO SEE MILLION SNAKES.
Indians Predict Discovery When Uncle
I Sam Dynamites Bluff.
If the predictions of mbny of the
Sioux Indians residing on the Chey
enne River Indian reservation prove
correct employes of the government
who are about to dynamite a bluff on
the reservation will unearth not less
than 1,000,000 rattlesnakes. The bluff
in question is situated ou the bank of
the Moreau river at the White Horse
sub-agency. A new steel bridge is to
be constructed across the river at that
point and In order to prepare an ap
proach to the bridge it will be neces
sary to tear away a part of the bluff.
SAVES LIFE WITH HAMMER
Yankton County Farmer Badly Hurt Mi
Fight With Bull.
Fighting for his life with a hammer
against a vicious bull George Moon, a
well known farmer residing near
Yankton, drove off the brute, but is In
a terrible condition. Several ribs are
broken also his collarbone. He re
ceived Internal injuries and his body
is fearfully bruised where the ani
mal crushed his victim against the
barn wall, where the struggle took
place. The bull then attacked a fine
cow and soon killed it. It is though*
Moon will recover.
This Week at the Orpheum
When you need anything in my
I do electrical work of all kinds—
wiring—putting in fixtures etc.
I carry in stock a complete line
supplies and guarantee satisfaction Vf
and prompt attention.
Motor repairs a specialty ir„
J. Augustus Snyder
Basement Saturday News
telThat's the system used and it wprks ta perfect
tion. Let us hustle some for you.
Insurance gf- fl Real Estate
ii City Property
IVleadowH & Horswill
Phone Main 363
a. T- Hor8Will
Watertown, S. D.
xml | txt