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I |ki *£$ s4' Ot?er 2,0*0 paid subscrib to the Saturday News and figuring on a basis that four people read each copy every week would give us over. 8,000 readers weekly. BOARD ON TARIFF Interesting Work Being Done by Tariff Board Figuring Out New Schedule NO GUESS WORK ABOUT IT Mail is Carried in An Airship on Long Island—Parcels Post Given Boost Washington, D. C., October 2.—1 v, isli it were possible to take the read ers of the Saturday News on a per se nally conducted tour of the head quarters of the tariff board, in order that they miglii leaj:n as did your cor les-poiulejit that the universal belief that the tariff is a dry and uninter esting question, and what is more im portant—it's -r)luUon a hopeless prob lem, is entirely a mistake, owing to the method o£ work being carried on by the tarilf board. If this simple statement lias served to carry the reader beyond the cus tomary point where having discov ered that the subject pertains to the tariff, and he is still willing to follow join correspondent, 1 will endeavor tc give him "something new" that may modify ItiS previous notions con cerning this over-ripe subject. The tariff board is applying simple rules long recognized in private bus iness, in the classification of indus tries. A striking proof shown by their work is that while it may be that the members of the board are not tariff exports, as has been claimed, that their work absolutely demonon sirates that the so-called authorities of congress, working with their prim itive methods, could never possibly form an intelligent tariff schedule at. any kind. Wool and worsted statis tics: are now being prepared, and a corps of representatives are in the lie'.d covering every detail entering into the question of cost regarding the growth and manufacture of wool en goods. By the same principle oy which a farmer who keeps a first class set of books can tell at a glance the cost per bushel or acre of raising any portion of his crops or by the methods employed by corporations and manufacturing institutions, ena bling them to compute the price which they must command to secure a profit on their products, has our industrial and commercial develop ment been able to advance along safe lines. Lagging far behind comes the government of our country, now pro posing to -substitute in place of guess ing that washed, fleeced and unwash ed combings may be produced at a ,given figure, a method whereby the actual prices governing the growth of wool, its manufacture, etc., may be ascertained. An army of trained men has been dispatched to every section of the country, and working upon carefully prepared schedules they have analyzed the differences in con ditions existing in Wyoming, New Mexico, Montana, Idaho, Nevada, Col orado, Arizona, Washington, and oth er western states, where the growth of wool is carried on as a great and separate industry, independent of other branches of farming. An en tirely different condition exists in states like O iio, Pennsylvania, Illi nois, Wisconsin, Indiana, Iowa, Ne braska, South Dakota, and other states, where wool growing is recog nized as only a part of the general scheme of farm life—not constituting a separate industry. The results of the tariff, as it affects the wool grow er in each state, may be anticipated when taken in connection with the absolutely correct figures governing every phase of the industry. The agents of the tariff board, be sides their work in the United States, have covered every country In the world, where the wool and worsted Industry is of consequence. The magnitude of the job seems tremendous, but it has been demon strated that with a sufficient force of people, working along an Intelligent, systematic course, that the results may be as accurately calculated as the annual statement of a fifty thous and dollar corporation. The simplicity of the plan is admir vJ2*k '^Continued on Pago 12. mtf&M sswssswsyj A $! "\i'v J. G. McFarland Is Highly Honored Attorney .G. McFarland, of' this citV, has been appointed District De puty for South Dakota by Grand Ex alted Ruler Hermann, of Cincinnatti, Ohio, of the Benevolent and Protec tive Order of Elks of the United States. The local lodge of Elks feels highly honored by having one of its members so recognized. The honor could not have been more worthily bestowed as "Mac" is one of the best Elks in the rorthwest Miss Lena Kaiser Bride, Chas. Drumeter On Tuesday morning at Miesville, Minn., occurred the marriage of MIbk Lena Kaiser of Kranzburg, to Charles Drumeter, the ceremony being per formed at 7 o'clock a. m. at the Cath olic church in that town. The bride is well and favorably krrown in Watertown and Codington county where she was born and raised. She is endowed with many attainments and a charming disposi tion, and is a young woman whom any man may well feel proud to claim her hand. The groom is a successful youi«g farmer residing near Cannon Palls, Minn., and the happy young couple will immediately commence honse1 keeping on the farm home TJew Feature For Saturday News Readers In this issue of the Saturday News will be found the first of a series of weekly sermons by Pastor Russell of Brooklyn. Pastor Russell is 'the ac knowledged successor of the great Talmage and'-Ws-Bermone are now be-: ing as widely published aB tfhose of' Dr. Talrnage. They are popular be cause they appeal to the man who does not regularly attend church. They are not theological discussions but plain Bible talks, setting forth the teachings of the great book. They appeal to people of all the religious faiths because of ifheir simplicity— Jew as well as gemfile—and because they present simple Bible rtnuths ap plicable to everyday life. 'The Sat urday News feels strre its readers will appreciate Pastor Russell's weekly sermons—found only in the ^Saturday News in this locality. Farmers are Invited to Hear Mr. Egan Any farmer coming to Watertown on Monday, Oct. 16th, to hear Hon. Geo. W. Egan speak at the Grand Gjrera House on the political issues of the day, can put up his team at J. J. Ballou's feed barn and it won't cost him a red cent. Now, will you come, Mr. Farmer? Dug B. Wins at Many Local Fairs "Dug B," owned by Dr. E. C. Fisch er of Watertown, is demonstrating the fact that he Is the greatest trot ter ever .owned in South Dakota. He started Watertown Day at the Huron State Fair in the 2:18 trot, winning in straight heats from a classy bunch of trotters usually found at a state fair. From Huron he was shipped to Brookings and again won in straight heats, breaking the track records. The same week he was shipped to Taylor Falls, Minn., and started in two different races winning both of them. Watertown and Codington county can well feel proud of having Buch a: splendid standard bred Btallion owned in this community Ryalls Boy Injured Playing Football While practicing in a game of foot ball Tuesday evening Richard Ryalls, son of Alderman and Mrs. W. B. Ryalls, met with the unfortunate ac cident of breaking his collar bone. »V \Jbt Trt V@L. 10 NO 16. WATERTOWN, SOUTH DAKOTA, THURSDAY, OCTOBER 5, 1911. WAR IS DECLARED Hostilities Opened in Tripoli—Ital ians are Pushing Fighting Turks Unprepared TURKEY IS LIKELY TO LOSE Italian Representative in Turkey Directed to Return to Italy War On Rome, Italy.—Italy has declared war on Turkey. The Turkish embassador has hand ed in his passports and the Italian charge d'affairs at Constantinople was directed to com5 home. This action followed Turkey's re fusal to accept the demands of Italy. A statement that war had been de clared, was sent hj wireless to the commander of the Italian fleet oft Tripoli. He was ordered at once to land a iorce in Tripoli and to follow out the blockade plans which cover the cofcsts of Tripoli and Turkey and includes the paJrolling of the AJbian coast- Tripoli, villayet of the Ottoman Em pire which is 'coveted by Italy, has been a political "football" for ages. Smce its annexation by the Cartha giuians in tke second century the lit tle country on the northern coast cf Africa, has Ibeen the center of an tn relenting warfare. The viliayet is bounded by Bare a and the T-ibyjiit de?eT.t o® the east, Tunis on the west and the desert of Sahara on the south, on which -side the boundary is indefinite. 480,000 Square M-iles. The northern is called Tjipoii and the southern half is Fezzan. The total area Ss, in round numbers, 400, 000 square miles, inhabited by popula tion of Moors and Berbers rouglhly es timated rat 8,000,060. The commerce of the country wasi formerly considerable, and the port of! Tripoli was once an important outlet for the products of the interior, with which it is connected "by numerous caravan rroutes. The vinief domestic export# are wool, oil and catJSe, TCbile 'from ttej interior of Africa come gold, ostrich feathers, ivory, ruMrer and a few oth er tropical products. Importation to the country is conflnctefl largely thru'' the City of Tripoli, -which is fhe cen-, ter of foreign commerce. Numerous Fertile Spelt. The country, while exposed to the clouds of sand from the deserts has numerous fertile spots. These are lo cated mainly along the wadis. The country :has no permanent rivers, its waters coming from innumerable springs and pools which form during Continued on Page 12. 4W DEATH IN THE FLOOD Actual Loss of Life in the Dam Disaster at Austin, Penn. is Still Conjecture. AS BAD AS JOHNSTOWN FLOOD Presumption is that Several Hun dred Lives Were Wiped Out Fire Adds to Horror. Austin, Pa., Oct. 3.—With the ar rival of a carload of coffins here the grimness of the tragedy, which has practically obliterated this town, was impressed on the survivors and on a considerable number of workers, who began anew their efforts to mine deeply into the hard hills of debris. Twenty victims, including two at Costello, had been placed in a tempor ary morgue at Odd Fello.vs' hall, one of the few buildings standing on the ruined district. The most essential matter in hand liere, aside from the persistent work of clearing away the more accessible ruins, is the completion of a census of the living Autftinans. If the death list aggregates anything like the enor mous number some have estimated the health officials realize that condi tions demanding promjpt attention will arise within a few days In the ruins. Itbe policing cnoditions are practi colly perfect. A twelve-hour down pour of rait served to materially re dtrc-e the iniuiuer of incoming sight seers and to this extent the police were relieved. The state constabu lary, state' sanitary engineers and chief officials of the state health de partment are cooperating in the meas ures for protection and relief. 'Doad May "Number 150. HON. GEO. W. EGAN, of Sioux Falls, 8. D. Progressive Republican Candidate for Governor, will speak In Water town, Monday, October 16, 19X1, on the political issues of the day. Mr. Egan comes to Watertown under the auspices of the Egan Club which has a membership of over 1,000 in Water- Opera House. & The most reliable estimate of the "number of dead places the total at 150. The aupect of Xustin, CosteJIo and the valley beyond is as dreary as it is •appalling. The 'valley side tills in which they lie aw still littered by the remnante of prosperous places of bas incss and manufacturing plants. No reliable estimate of the property loss can soon be made, but it is safe tc say'it will not be less than ?8,0fl0, 000 TTfae papeniind lumber industries are utterly destroyed. Questioned -as to the cause ol -the sudden [failure -of the Baytess Pulp -and Paper company's dam citizens and business men accustomed to visit Austin iShake their heads ominously. They -recall the scare a year ago 'iast January -when :a considerable teat •was discovered iin the immense ce ment structure. Prices iere tfee lowest in John TVIooffie Dry (Goods Co. years. town and Codington county. Don't fail to hear Mr. Egan speak as he is acknowledged to be one of the most able orators in the state. Mr Egan will speak ln the Gttuid Sioux City Man To Open Restaurant John Startes, of Sioux City, la., has leased one of the rooms in the old Briggs building now owned by Ge'o. W. Case and will establish a restaur ant therein. The new cafe will open next Saturday and will make a spe cialty of 15 cent meals. Hugo B. Koch To Appear at Grand The management Of the Grani an nounces that they have secured the Gaskill and Mackitty production of Chas. Rann Kennedy's great religious play, "The Servant In the House." The play is presented with the strong est cast ever seen In the middle west and Is headed by the popular young actor Mr. Hugo B. Koch, who appear ed in this city In "The House of a 't housand Candles" and "The Port of Missing Men." Mr. Koch's rendition of the leading role In "The Servant in the House" is said to oe a wonder fully artistic piece of acting and his many friends and admirers are unan imous in saying that it is by far the most successful piece of acting he has yet attempted. The play will be seen at the Grand Sat. Oct. 14th. Farmers To Organize For Own Protection Farmers Hold Mass Meeting to Dis cuss Social and Economic Ques tions. Mitchell Republican:" A mass meet-" Ing of the farmers of South Dakota was called to order In the court house Thursday evening by G. R. Malone, Master State Grange. H. L? Loucks was appolx^d^Mi'isan iuid' Geo. W. Dixon of WSwwwife secr$ggxy Committee on organization was ap pointed as follows: It. E. Dowdell, of Artesian, G. R. Malone of Draper,Reed Matheny, of Turton, J. P. Cooley of Tabor and John Dondellnger, of Mitchell. Committee on resolutions was nam ed as follows: Zack T. Sutley, Ft. Pierre, Geo. W. Dixon, Watertown Joseph Miller, Mt. Vernon Mrs. G. R. Malone, Draper A. L. Van OBdel, Mission Hill. Splendid addresses were made by P. "V. Collins, of Minneapolis, editor of ifhe Northwestern Agriculturist G. R. Malone, Master State Grange, Col. R. A. Wilkinson, President Min nesota Farmers' League, Hon. A. L. Van Osdel and others. Report of committee on resolu tions was read, and adopted, as fol lows: "Whereas: Recent attempts of legislation such as the proposed so called 'Tariff Laws' in the interests of organized capital, have demonstrat ed that the unorganized classes are at the mercy of the organized, and Wlbereas, the farmers of South Da kota are practically unorganized, it is the sense of this convention, that we proceed to organize, as rapidly as possible, the farmers of this state into Granges and Farmers' Leagues with a view of having all farmers organi zations of the state co-operate as one body to defend the farmers' interests and to work along the lines of pro gressive popular government in all legislative matters, whether count/, state or national. Resolved, that to this end a tempor ary organization be effected at this meeting and that the committee on organizations appointed at this meet ing be hereby authorized to suggest a list of temporary officers for the ap proval of this meeting and to arrange for a permanent organization along above lines. Report of Committee on Organiza tion read and adopted, We, your committee on organiza tion report that the temporary organ ization of H. L. Loucks, chairman, and Geo. W. Dixon, secretary, be con tinued until such time as a permanent organization be affected and we sug gest that the following named gen tlemen, viz., G. R. Malone, Draper, Dr. A. A. Brlgham, Brookings, J. B. Kelley, Colman, John T. Belk, Henry, and J. Dal ton, of Woonsocket, be ap pointed to co-operate with the tempor ary officers as an executive committee for carrying on the work until the .. J^pVERflSBRS aqOtypi^L^ BEAU iN M»H& S&W «m ^.-^kcuiA^m of 'Mtttzli/fr newfi»»egto ,| |U- $1*60 PER mm* •lifiB Brilliant Young Aviator of£South Dakota Fair Meet* Deathfat Spokane PLUCLKIY FIGHTS FOR HIS Lift Was World's Younfest Aviati 0 HadBeen Flying Montks, Spokane, Wash., Oct '2.—Avlator Cromwell Dixon, who flew across the Rocky mountains last Saturday, fell from a height of one hundred} feet at the interstate fair grounds1 here to day and received injuries which caus ed his death. Caught by an adverse current of air, his machine turned on its side and plunged into a rocky rail road cut. While falling he plucklly attempted to right his aeroplane and shouted pa the spectators: "Here go, herej I go." Ho was picked up unconscious and rushed to the hos pital, where it was found that his-, skull was fracturedi, his right leg broken and his collar bone shattered so that a portion of it protruded thru the flesh. He died at 3.60 p. m. Ssife: -'Vj: Dixon is the nineteen year old lad who made wonderful flights at the South Dakotaestate fair at Huron last month In his Curtiss aeroplane, which ... he had christened "Dixon's Humming-" Bird." During his week in South Da' kota the unfortunate bird-boy made hundreds" of friends among the visG" tors to the fair with his simple, mod est manner and he won the admira tion of thousands with his spectacular feats -aloft.- u^^nely death will be keenly felt ly"those who met the young ia^latorgat Hnron, .and who lieved that his rebiarjcable uiiderstah dingiit the air seas wmld be invalu able to the future of aviation. Dixon said to a reporter .during fair week: "I am not afraid of any air currents and do not believe that I will ever have trouble unless something goes wrong with my machine. If my aire-II Ions" and rudders respond to the con trol mechanism, I can successfully overcome any condition of the air." Dixbn is a native of Columbus, O He built a dirigible balloon at ttie age :. of twelve and was flying It successful^ ly for exhibition at the age of four-.', teen. He had his first instructions the use of the aeroplane from County DeLessops, famous French blrdman,ff'.l and withia three days had sueceeded. ^B in performing the aerial maneuverssiff which entitled him to the Americm^^ Aero club's pilot's license. Dlxotfi||f| was the forty-third pilot to be so rel||| cognized among the hundreds of avl-Sf|l ators now flying, and was the young|g|i est air pilot In the world. He has been. *1 flying less than two months. 1 Rep. Burke is dut For Another Term Pierre, S. D., Oct. 5. Answering the big political question that has$y been asked many times in South ,Da kota during the past few weeks, Con gressman Charles M. Burke has auth-, orized the announcement that he will be a candidate for representative in the lower house of congress from the second district. Mr. Burke Is brief and to the point in his pronouncement' of principles. He says: 'I shall be a candidate for repre sentative in congress subject to the^ will of the republican voters of the A second congressional district of South Dakota. 'In this I shall rely upon the record I have made heretofore in congress, and if elected I shall endeavor to be consistent with that record." .• 'Ji 'Ai im State Supt. C. G. Lawrence was in the city on business last Thursday. permanent organization is offected,' That the fees of this association" be 1.00 per year, payable in advance. That we meet at the close of the An nual Meeting of the Farmers' Grain Dealers Association of South Dakota for the purpose of effecting a perman ent organization."