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1 T- VOL. 15 NO. 38 r* X*.6 a*'* w: .."i» 8 'M ^v,W sK. I 4 -V? aU 4ss 1 te Since the Ohages are so -well and favorably known in Water town, read er/! of this paper will undoubtedly be interested in reading the young doc tor's »pini9n of the situatioa.. The iiews article from the. St. Paul Dis appended in full: Ci tSJad of -Rumania's Entrance^ r-'S: "Tbank God!" was the laconic ex- -preeslon of (3*eneral ven Hindenberg, •V 3erman chief Of staff, when told that. Rumania had'entered the war against the Cental powers,"according to Ir. Justus Ohage, Jr., son of St. Paul's city heaMt officer, who returned yes terday from Germany. He has been w- working with an American physi cjans* committee maintaining hospi tals in (Jermany and Austria. 'H«Ai|mia's entrance .into the war was assessing to Germany," says Dr. Ohagel "The conquest of Rumania has opened to German the use of the Danube river, which, in connection wit^ the Rhine, provides an easy route from end to end of the Central i-:: eagres"., The"@wrtfctt" Uiay Maw® i@©in 0©irrfmittodl 9efc. 27.—Ottcial flia- patches continuing reports of the^Liouls' mall bags, death at tm Americans on the Ej&conla tsbpedoed without warning, establish the Mas a* 'the Wert act." Hhe sinking of the Laconia, with the Iom of American lives, is looked WML by the American government as a dear-cut violation of American ricfrjta, according to an authoritative expression of opinion obtained after a conference between President Wll aad Secretary Lansing. No fur ther information is considered nee- The situation, however, was un changed from where the President left St yesterday, when he asked con gress for authority to deal with the submarine peril. immediate Action. After the receipt of word that two American women and eight American negroes had lost their lives as the re sult of the sinking of the Laconia. it was indicated in official quarters that no immediate action would be tafken by President Wilson, but. that renewed pressure would be brought to bear on congress to grant the ad ditional authority requested by hirn^ yesterday. President Wilson and State* depart* meat officials took the position th4t no farther step would be taken until congress has had an' opportunity to act eat the president's request* Twenty Americans in Crew. "New York, Feb. !6.—Twenty Amer icans, all native-born, were members of the crew of the Laconia. ifts Wive thousand sacks of -. United States mail were carried by the La conia, of which 1,300 were transferred from the American liner St. Louis when it was decufted to hold -the^lat ter vessel in port. Many valuable securities attd 'docU' stents sent by American business r. Ohage^ ir 15 sr- '-m&z Sees Teuton Victory.^, Ohage predicted victory tor the £fe!(t!ral powers. "They have 10,000,000 meO' under arms," he said, "several .TJ.RMTZ PARTY 8EEKS 7 S 01 4 REMOVAL OF HOLLWEG Aanaterdam.—According to a tele gram from Berlin, thirty supporters of Admiral von Tirpltz, former minister ofithe navy including Count vOn Hoen broech, have hold a meeting to dis CUH "a change in the office of imper ial chancellor." It is said to be the purpose of thef -promoters of this movement to hold meetings in all the large towns of Germany and also £o obtain the aap port of newspapers for the purpose of forcing a change in the head of the government^" Socialist and^'Hberai hewapa^fets condemn this action. NY DECLINES' TQt^AKE CHALLENGE'.' Rome.^-The Giornale D'JTtalU, fiora ^neiitiiw on the arrival of the Amer ioaa freighter Orleans at Bordeaux, "Qtormmnr heee»tel l»'ft'dfdIenge.M Amer- IV" The Italian peperf generally eipress the belief that Germany has instruct- lin»a, etf her submarinfie to mwect 1 Ameivrf-i» firms were supposed to be in the St. Queenstown, Feb. 26.—The Cunard line steamship Laconia, 18,099 tons gross, which sailed from New York February It for Liverpool, has been sun£ Among the 100 passengers were ten or more Americans. The survivors of the Laconia, are said to number 170. ,• They will be landed tonight. Torpedoed Without Warning. It is stated authentically from Lon don that the Laconia wag" torpedoed without warning. The Cunard line, in London, after announcing the names of four Amer icans aboard the Laconia withheld the names of the rest of the passengers, with the explanation that no further, information would be given out until the destruction of the vessel had of ficially been confirmed to .the line by the British admiralty. The four Americans were: ir $• Miss Phyllis Barker, New Yortc. Arthur T. Kirby, Bainbridge, N". Mrs. F. E. Harris, New York. E While official comment, was with-' held pending a full investigation, the laconia incident is.looked on as seri nes. -'J- X. P. P. Gibbops.^of t^e ChicagQ Trib une. J: The Laconia ^was one 6f thfe iai'ge8t Vessels of the Cunard fleet and the largest thus far sunk since the new German submarine warfare was -com menced It registered 18,099 tons, Was 600 feet long, 71 feet beam and 40 feet depth. It was built, in 1911 at Newcastle. 1 ,,n Cbnaul lleport6 8inklirisr/^ "Wesley Frbst, American. consul here, telegraphed the" American em bassy at London-today: "Cunarden Laconia torpettored 10:50 Sunday night. Two hundred and sev eny-eight survivors. landed. Details lacking, but known some missing one dead." 1 Tirst'r4bfo passengers.' totaled thir ty-three and second c&bin forty-two. Tfie crew numbered 216i There -were no isteerage passengers.*: Europe, Sees German Victory '%1-vi^C 1 •r. Justus Ohage, Jr_ son of the Br. Ohage who used to -make yearly visits to Watertown-during the hunt ing season, a guest of the late H. A. "Airk, has returned to St. Paul from Burope where he has been •sojourning for the vast year_ million of them in reserve. Of the wounded, 90 per cent have returned to the trenches, many as muck as eight times. The number of civilians an the streets of German cities, fit and eligible for service, -was astonishing." The food situation is. well under control, he .declared. "Those who have lost in weight through reduced allowance of food can afford it," he said. "The thing they miss most is hospital supplies, for England will.Jet none pass the blockade." Dr. Ohage declared that Americans in Germany have been tfeated Kitlj special consideration. Me met many Canadians and Irish, he said, in the prison camps, and found then) con tented in every way, save for the small food allowance. Use Old Ammunition. Until recently. Dr. Ohage said, the German armies have been using am munition made in 1914, aii example of Germany's ample war supplies. "People in Berlin are not yet sure that the United States will enter the war," said Dr. Ohage. "When .. Am bassador Gerard returned to Berlin, late in December, he spoke glowingly of the relations between us and the central powers, and some of that feeling tfys not yet died." Dr. Ohage left the United States a year ago today, and returned on a "tip" that the kaiser's submarine,ipol icy would make a later return aible. Halifax.—Final preparations were made today for the departure of the steamer Frederik VIII. bearing Count von Bernstorff, former German ambgp fiador to the -United States, and' *a large party of Germans. It was the general expectation tiiat the steamer, which arrived here Feb ruary 16 from New York for exam ination by tne British authorities, would start for Copenhagen tonight. The last of the bunker codf wa&vput aboard today. rv 8R!TI8tij ATTACKS FAIL ON 80MME, B^RUNf VYS Berlin (by wireless).—Britis]btroops vp3terday ,.?ttany times -j&tacfced the German |4sitiohB on the fjront between Ypres, ^Belgium, ai^dv the .River. Somme, Jj&ys the official i^ftiinent is sued today by the Genmtt^jtfsiy. head-. aaarten.«t«ff. ,, Only. & one plaee Brttish Successful la entering the ^Jermnn kt ft point to. the* ea«t ot Ar •UUemant adds^ and rthera any violation wenc^ected respect to 1 *P M. ^ERNSTORFF SHIP 8AILS J/i FOR COPENHAGEN TUE8DA^ -.V11. '••4 WATBBTOWN, SOUTH DAKOTA,,THURSDAY, MARCH 1,1917, HOPE FOR THE BEST, PgEWME FOR THE WORST. Trying to Eliminate All Fake Advertising Alderman Ferguson lias introduced an ordinance aimed -to prohibit false advertising within the sity of Water liOWB. It provides penalties Tor issuing ad vertising matter, either through the newspapers or otherwise, that is not true.. ^Various, »tates ^pd'Cities, through Sgpwftess: and ordinances, hare taken: steps put a stop to this class of.&d» vertising, and Where a systematic ef forts a a been made to enforce-the pro "/isions of such measures beneficial .^results have been fihewn. Let it be stated here that during the •past couple of decades Watertown has :been one of the most fruitful fields of operations for advertising fakers. The merchants and professional men were besieged from morning till night, figuratively speaking, for paying out a little money here and a little money there for advertising -schemes that were intended ninety-nine per cent for the sole benefit of the adveritsing so licitor. Menus for hotels and restaurants cards to be hung up in (public places, giving a fejv rules about something or other,- with professional and busi ness advertising strung around the edges programs for public entertain ments—a little of this and a little vif that so that the solicitor coulS make a wad and the business and profes sional men meet the bills, was about the way things went. Finally the Merchants' Association took notice in away that put a quietus on this class of advertising. It de creed that no member of the asso ciaiton would longer countenance it, and the result was that these fake and semi-fake advertising schemes lost caste in the city of Watertown. As a direct result of its action, the Merchants' Association was made the subject of some sharp criticism bv parties who had been profiting through these fake and semi-fake schemes— but the result of the association's de termination to taboo .the fakers was such aB to justify the course, criti cism or no criticism. But these schemes are not the ones aimed at hy Alderman Ferguson's proposed ordinance. -These matters have been largely regulated through "SANE A^jounter- ma* .y^M^ardlna in Brooklyn '»fSi85S5f4. .Bally Eagl*. "The Messiah" Next T«f»#yEve.,|!arc,»S -W 'Headers el this paper should re member that "The Messiah," one of the classics in music, will be given in thie auditorium of the First Meth odist church on the evening of March 6—n ex3t Tuesday^-by the Watertown? Choral Society. This .ns^oslation of local mttsicians, nder Xhe leadership and direction of Wf. D. SI. %»o1^ is?cotnpoeed sf Mtf, of the leading musicians1 of the city-* a city, by the way, which can properly claim to number among itB citizens some of'&Ste finest musicians of the state. The Choral Society has^een re hearsing for several weeksfcrin fact, for several months—on this musical masterpiece and that it will,.he ren dered in a befitting m^uiner is con ceded by those Avho know the charac ter of- musical culture represented in the society. J- .. -s Tuesday evening, March 6, at the Methodist church. the'action of the association. What Alderman Ferguson's ordi nance aims at is'another class of ad vertising, which is injurious from the standpoint of'"the- legitimate buatoesi interests of the community. It is the class that contains not only extrava gant statements, but is misleading and is intended to deceive. If an outsider comes into the com munity, as an illustration, and adver tises, through the public prints or otherwise, that he will offer certain specified bargains on a certain date, and the facts prove that he misrepre Bunted the goods, that they were not what the advertising matter repre sented them to be, It's a clear case of tylse advertising. W If an ousider comes in or an in sider comes out, with representations that prove to be, in fact, misrepre sentations, it is a case of false adver tising, and upon conviction for the of fense in the police «urt a penalty attaches. 4' The passages^ of an adequate ordinance, it is' thought, will help along the lines, ^indicated, the ae tion of the Mefchants' Association helped to cut out the othef- class of fake advertising.-. Route 2, Florence, fl. D., Feb. 23,1917, Gentlemen: Serewith enclose check for $1.50 as per en closed bill. The Saturday tfewris all rigbt— sane and sensible. It doesn't make extravagant statements which facts, ft day or two after wards, prove absolutely ridiculous. The^jtoo, it isn't veneered with hypocrisy. f# -WTO® gcgiyfl, I Preslden feasts. "Washington, Feb. 26.—President Wilson-appeared before. 6ongress at 1 o'clock this afternoon and asked for authority to place the United States in a state of "armed- neutrality" to resist the German submarine menace Continued invasion Of die plain fights Of neutrals on the high seas, further-••-, sacrifices^of American lives and ships, the intorelable blockade of American commerce—almost as 'ef fectual ad if the country were at war —have taken the place of a dreaded "overt act" which was expected to shock the world—and have forced the president into the, next step- tow^ird war. mvM Net at Price of Uvea. "Vi President Wilson is asking iq -be empowered to take whatever steps are necesary, which includes the aiming of ships^ the convoying of merchant men by war vessels wha^ o^er steps are. necessary, made It irtsih again that he wanted peace", but tfoi at the price of American lives ajid rights or by driving tbofe, AmerlcAni flag from the seas, Congress is expected not only.. to auhorize the preatdent to use the armed forces of the country buttled to provide money. .. ?lt is devoutly to be hoped," dftid the president at one point,.''that it will not be necessary to put armed forces anywhere into' action. ,* am not now proposing or contemplat ing war or any .steps that need lead to it. War* can -come: only by the willful acts and vaggre^iions of others." Expressing the* hope thflt^it wo\^ld not become necessary to ,fpu^ armed force -into aetioo," the president epe^. clflcally asked for authority to Washington, Feb. 28. can consuls are being detained in Germany, while the Berlin government awaits official advices? that all Ger- The German government's action based on circumstances which, through no concern of the United Slates, de tained Consul Mueller at Havana, Cul$a, while' he vas on his way from Atlanta to Quito, Ecuador. Names o| Consuls. The American consuls detained in Germany are Consul Henry C. A. Damm, transferred from- Aachen to Harput, Turkey Consul John Q. Wood, transferred from Chemite to Messina Vice Consul W. Brucg. Wal lace, transferred from Magdeburg to Constantinople, and Vice Co^ul C. Innes Brown, transferred from Mann heim to Constantinople. Two notes have been received from the German government on the sub ject the first a week ago, charging that the United States had detained Mueller at Havana, and a second to day aaking for a reply £0 the first, and also containing a statement on GER^RD RECEIVES WARNING NOT TO SAIL FOR U. 8. Corunna, Spain.—»It becanjwefcnown today^that on the Jday he le^t Berlin «x-AjpapaBsador Gerard.. was. warned Semsoiyilly by a German friend" in high olllcial position against saving from Spainr" for the United States fact that th| warning Was glv has not yet bewme known except, to those men who are in M? Gerardti confidence, but among themAhere iS, uunimonue BRYAN OUITf^LVCSU*^ ro ttom SUM*®* p, From bu|k ply American merchant shipa with defensive atms "Wi^i the means ol using thetn" and to "employ, any Oth« er ineWttmentalitle^* as -wcdltJas credit" to enabl& Twitf tcT provide "adequate means of.Jproteck Request for TOts" without being specifioally 5fh t»i"ms was a request for the use of the army and navy and the necesuary mon?y to make them effective. The president's ^d4r.^ d^ilifc. red' The gravity, of the monienf,' 'if by common consent, prevented any itsvt'of 'Yi(fU8 •»-, uproaroue as marked fwe con Wbvk Country/ftehind Him,-' With a full realization of thfe lemnity ot the' occasion the president took his action today with-the calmi* confidence that congress and die' country will Btand behind him, j, Thfii ',grSm faced body of senato»r nd^iwpresentaitrves who less lhan a lOntn ''ago 'heard the president pro nounce the words which announced' 'a severance of diplomatic relations with Germany—an a6f Which in all^ the history of first-class' nations al*, waj's has led to war-r-heard today in te^is stjehce and grave attention thu ^which carry the American re a '.stejp." --furOe^-4n -tts slandf, *tna nettmf oeare^.v "War" if it must United States Consuls Held As Hostages by the Germans Four Amerl- charges that American consuls and* their'Wives departing from Germany• had been subjected to indignitlei. "1 dul hoiude uihio hktp ix Americans ta Isabel. It is known gards the given in all on. the Infant cal^ Tampa, »1a!?~Wllliam j} 6ryan cmeelTed his l^tufe engagem'elits ahd mmt to Jacksonville today, where hi said he would await a possibU sum mons Washington. While Mr. Bryan refused to discuss tiie presi dent's request^on. congneti for the to yrepat* for armed neutrality, inference (g Jgire was Oiat the cted cell Washington will be te cottneeti on the htiernatic It added that as soon as MuetJer! had been allowed to proceed AraerA«a^. 3onsulsccouia go on Owmany In trror. r' pressiltf, forward ac- who have _, tion to the situation, there w«r* orous nods of approval. The element' cussed «s pacifist and those who a S pa it in some degifee heard the address in- i. silence and When it was over, V'*'1 ed from expreeslngs, -aaytng they wete^ "thinking/' ., Greeted With A|»pta»|se.*A ^4 To .the vqiy end of the address^" there was no applause, hut whee it,. fr was conclude there was a storm of,vP ind&and cheering .andl handclapping. a^ks ^fould in the the-^Mte- tlhoiight it hou*B wotfld be Safeoduced fljesf. house 90 as to mrry the credit. A' 1 rather than a resolution^ ^iombin grant of authority and the api prmtion probably TVill be dfawn, Once biBfore in the infancy (iif' republtOv a state of armed iMltftlft was proclaimed to check 'predatot violence" on American rights- ill tb war between and England,' but ifc^did not result actually ln for ihfe* United States. .•Whatever any armed neutrrtity w|j mean war depends on whetheV iaany realises tl^t the United Sti is ready to protect its neutral right by whatever means are necessary That the German government hae's^'iV' been misinformed regarding Mueller and other Germatr consuls is certain. The departure of: npne haB beeruhindered by this government, Mueller, through no fault of the United States, was forced to remain in Havana longer than he. at flrat thought would be necessary, an) he cabled Berlin that: he, was deMned^ there. ?1' .-.s Tbe Geriman' government is believ ed to have' taken this, to mean that the United Stales was responsible fori the detention. As a matteir of fact, Mueller was forced to remain in Havana, becilvse'r Of temporary lack ot transportation and failure to receive passports from the Ecuadorian government Having made his arrangements, the former German consul at Atlanta left ^avana for his new post several a a go 1 CHICAGOAN8CARRY PLEA FOR DEFENSE TO WILSON Jfysptg' .. cKfeago,.—Resolutions adopted byfjlp -seven Chicago organizations by the 'Association' of Com eSS merce, are today on their way to WasbroRttm to be presented to Presi dent Wilson, the Illinois congressional delegations and the'house and .senate. Will WfiEN S tl&> 16 'r IV In Mr It" 1 'I 4 I ystfr4 -I .4$ I'jwy.i committees on military affairs .asking 'sty. V' for .immediate universal .service. reSoluUOaa' Were adopted '^"iterday at a conference here, and say|^hf^„,« ifert "the safety Of the co try. .demands acUon by* congress::«t. the earnest possible |?Qn»ent that w«l *4^4$ secure adequate ayatem of *hi-CvF', oiiersal mihlwy training and service."® jp/ Congress is priate legislation out""the^,J," idea of the resolutions In' ent tasen^. •J- It O .'