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Pis J-n- ,-ll.i.Mi 7** THE SATURDAY NEWS Published Every Thursday at Watertown, Codington County, South Dakota, HI South Broadway. WATERTOWN PRINTING AND BINDING CO. Entered at the Postoffice, Watertown, S. D., as Second Class Matter. TERMS OP SUBSCRIPTION: ONE DOLLAR AND A HALF PER YEAR IN ADVANCE $2.00 in Canada. •Change in address may be made at any time. new address. E I O I A WOLD AND THE FAliM'ERS. Theodore Wold, governor of the Minneapolis Reserve Bank, brings a remarkable indictment against certain of the farmers of the Northwest, comprising what is known as the ninth district of the department of (tanking. Governor Wold virtually accuses them of disloyalty in that he alleges they are placing obstacles in the way of the success of the Liberty Loan, lie particularizes those farmers who constitute what is known as the Non-Partisan League, which is said to be becoming strong in North Dakota and Minnesota and somewhat so in South Dakota. "Ju this district," said Mr. Wold, as quoted in a Minne apolis paper, "where millions of money has gone into the hands of the agricultural classes during the last year, and where the greatest prosperity has prevailed, the result is ex tremely disappointing." Then he seeks to soften the effect of the criticism by adding: "We believe that a better response will come trom 1lie farmers when they understand that the government must have the support it is asking for at this time and that the -entire loan will be spent in this country, largely for the staple^ lhat the farmer produces." While there are many farmers who could well spare the -cash necessary for the purchase of a few bonds, we fear, never theless, that Governor Wold fails to comprehend in detail the financial aspects of farming. He appears to imagine that when the average farmer receives the money for his crops he hasn't a thing in the world to do with it but "salt" it down pending the tim$ when his country needs it. The Saturday News, while upholding the government in its position and believing that every man able to do so should be anxious to render all the financial aid possible to his coun try, knows that the average farmer spends his money before he gets it, metaphorically speaking. What with the needs of the laborers employed, the gro cer, the farm implement dealer, the shoe man who has kept the children shod since the last crop was marketed, and the banker to whom must be paid a year's interest on the mortgage on the farm, the farmer has to skimp with regard to his own Wearing apparel if he would save enough to carry him. forward to the next seeding, to say nothing of the harvest. Then, too, Mr. Wold should reflect that only a very small percentage of the grain now in the country is held by the pro ducer, hat instead the bulk of it is in the hands of the speculat ors and the food gamblers who have been playing the ends against the middle since purchasing the crop last fall at prices far,.below the present level. There is another factor, also, which Governor Wold and men of his class should bear in mind when they are inclined to criticise the farmer for his slowness in getting into line for war, and that is this: For months the country was raked as with a fine-tooth comb for votes for a president who had "kept us out of war," and whose political slogan was peace, net war and after the political Campaign had been won, and won by the votes of the great West and Northwest, a sudden shift ing from peace to war was somewhat stunning in its effect upon those thousands upon thousands who had voted for a great political leader solely because he had "kept us out of •war." It does not follow that partisanship is involved in,a state "nient of this character, for it must be admitted by all reason able men that the assertion is based upon fact. It is herein set forth to indicate that more than a few weeks' time is required to work a great transition in the public mind in a region which broke away from political tradition in the fall of 1916 to sustain the, cause of peac|§ There are. two facts which Mr.4Vold should take into con sideration, namely: the one conqeTning the financial aspects •of farming and the other relating to the politioal upheaval in THE 3INA.TOH DECLARES'litWSEir.) ADMIRE HIS IUKE V#-e COT TOBACCO, AN© INT6N0 USINQ IT JUST AS LONG AiS I WANT TO,REGARDLESS OF WHAT ANYONR'SAVS&R DOES Give oli as well as ACCORDING TO THE PRINCIPLES jOF /fcflERICAN GOVERN MENT, H6 HAS THE SPIRIT OF NPBPENDiNCE $56-W wipftYcured mmmm *5' 8M& Sr 4*\ C0I?lng "5 THE SATURDAY NEWS, WATERTOWN, 8. D. ^ie the Northwest. Each tends to produce .the condition. withi«Mes respect to which lie complains. !their No special effort seems to have been made to enlist the H^ co-operation of the fanner in the line of familiarization with the needs of the hour, excepting as he has been urged to in- }be crease the output of his land. True, the government has appealed to-the country through the press, but in this matter its chief attention has been direct ed, not through the channels of information nearest the farni- cr, but through the big daily newspapers, which circulate largely, and in some instances almost exclusively, among the business and professional men. The great farm papers and the weeklies, whose circulation among the farmers outranks that of the big dailies about ten to one, have been lately ignored by the men in charge of the government's department of publicity. It must, be admitted that in the region of which Mr. Wold speaks there is a certain degree of apathy, but, as indicated, it is due, in part at least, to the two causes noted. r. Wold would be rendering signal service to his coun try is he would intervene to the extent of securing the selec tion of a man for the department of publicity who could grasp all phases of the situation and appeal to the various classes of citizens through mediums that command their confidence. The fanners—whether justifiably so or not is not a matter for immediate consideration—have become imbued with the idea that certain of the dailies have been under the thumb of interests which hoped to profit immeasurably by war. Had the proper appeal been made, in the'proper way and tlirough the proper channels, to the country at the turning point in the government's international policy, possibly there might have been a marked difference in sentiment in the region mentioned by Mr. Wold. Let him unite his efforts with those of others in getting better acquainted with his neighbors of the great Northwest to the end that a mutual understanding of the situation may be established. WHY NOT VOTE ANYWAY! The editor of The Saturday News has many times, in years gone by, criticised the failure of Watertown people to vote at their school elections. J'-.r Our department of education is one ?f our most important branches of government, and yet, as a rule, we manifest scarcely passing interest in the selection of the members of our board of education. True, we have been fortunate in having men of charac ter and high ideals to attend to our school affairs, but it is our fortune that it is so. Once in a great while we muster up sufficient interest to cast about one-fourth to one-third of our, votes, and the bal ance of the time we let about a dozen of our citizens do th§ voting for us. Not that it makes any^material difference, it is true, with only one candidate in tliel field, but merely as a matter of form, why not attend the jjjolls on the day of the school elec tion, June 19, and cast at'least half our known vote? If the candidate now before us—C. B. Williamson— should happen to receive, say, a thousand votes, not only he but the other members of the board would be justified in experiencing a feeling of elation—would they not? The Saturday News suggests that Watertown plan to outdo itself at this year's election by casting an unusually heavy, vote for one involving the selection of onlv one member of the board® Since the women have a voice in naming the members of the board of education, it would be a source of gratification all-around if, say, a thousand of our women should march to the polls on the third Tuesday in June, 1917. THE END OF THE WORLD! We have never before been impressed especially with' the idea that the end of the world is near, speaking from a literal standpoint. ra^e But we are convinced that if it is not close at hand it is sixty seconds to the minute^ ||jgThe supreme court of the state of Minnesota has thrown a man out of office because it is alleged that he lied about his opponent during the campaign which resulted in his election! James F. Wallace defeated Edward W. Hawley in an aldermanic race in Minneapolis, Hawley being a candidate for re-election. An appeal was taken to the courts, and, as stated, the supreme court has ousted Mr. Wallace on the ground that he participated in and profited by the circulation of false charges reflecting on the honesty and fidelity of his opponent. How many of us, pray, would be occupying official positions if the rule laid down by the Minnesota court wer^ enforced! I The Presidet's Message to Russia The country has been awaiting with interest President Wilson's state ment of the war situation to Russia, conveyed .thither by the American commission, the chairman of ,?which is Blihu Root, former United States senator and member of a former cabinet. Bfr. Wilson outlines the case in the following: view of the visit of the American commission to Russia to discuss the best and most praptical means of co-operation between the ,two peoples in carrying the present struggle for freedom of all peoples to a successful con* elUBion, it seems opportune and appropriate that I should state again, In the light of this new partnership, the objects the United: States has bad in mind In entering the war. OBJECTS ARE MUCH 1|ECLOUI^EO^^'W^@ ThOjSe objects have been very much beclouded to the past few weeks by mistaken and misleading £fcate momentouB, too tremendous, too permit any misinterpretations or remaln, toncprrected f»r nisment "Th»jwar1bas begun to go jtgalnst «cape the inevitable, ultimate defeat arousing every posslWe "rXsW^-^^r-r.V JJff y$y *-,• power 1 and the issues at stake are too »t lor the whole hum*n race idings, however sllght, ito (peptide! are Jta authority in atf majdng even W? SfviSlW® abroad' und°lnS excused for mistaking it. WATERTOWN t" 1 v. a- rtf" mmf of the sea which will preserve for them their*ome t0 the °f the AMERICA FIGHTING fqrj-IBERTY. I "The position of America in this war is so clearly avowed no man can She seeks no natenal profit or aggrandizement of any kind. She is fighting for no advantage or selfish object of her own, but for the liberation of peoples everywhere from the aggressions of auto cratic force. "The ruling classes in Germany have begun of late to profess a like liberality and justice of purpose, but only to preserve the power they have set up in Germany and the selfish advantages which they have wrongly gained for themselves and their private prospects of power all the way from Berlin to Bagdad and beyond. "Government after government has, by their influence without open con quest of its territory, been linked together in a net of intrigue directed against nothing less than the peace and liberty of the world. "The meshes of that intrigue must be broken, but cannot be broken unless wrongs already done are undone, and adequate measures must be taken to prevent it from ever again being re-woven or repaired. "Of course, the imperial German government and those whom it is using for their own undoing are seeking to obtain pledges the war will end in the restoration of the status quo ante. GERMAN IMPERIALISM MUST GO. "It was the status quo ante out of which this iniquitous war issued forth, the power of the imperial German government within the empire and its widespread domination and influence outside of that empire. That status must be altered in such fashion as to prevent any such hideous thing from ever happening again. "We are fighting for the liberty, the self-government and the undictated development of all peoples, and every feature of the settlement that com eludes this war must be conceived and executed for that purpose. "Wrongs must first be righted and then adequate safeguards must be created to prevent this being committed again. We ought not to consider remedies merely because they have a pleasing and sonorous sound. "Practical questions can be settled only by practical means. Phrases will not achieve the result. Effective readjustments will, and whatever readjustments are necessary must be made. But they must follow a prin ciple and that principle is plain. FUTURE PEACE OF WORLD IS AIM. "No people must be forced under sovereignty under which it does not wish to live. No territory must change hands except for the purpose of secur ng for those who inhabit it a fair chance of life and liberty. No indemni ties must be insisted on except those that constitute payment for manifest wrongs done. No readjustments of power must be made except such as will end to secure the future peace of the world and the future welfare and happiness of its peoples. "And then the free peoples of the world must draw together in some common governmeht, some genuine and practical co-operation that will, in effect, combine their force to secure peace and justice in the dealing of nations with one another. "The brotherhood of mankind must no longer ^be a fair but empty phrase. "It must be givOn a structure of force and reality. The nations must eralize their common life and effect a workable partnership to secure that life against the aggressions of autocratic and self-pleasing powers. POUR OUT BLOOD FOR LIBERTY. "For these things we can afford to pour out our blood and treasure. For these are the things we have always professed to desire, and unless we pour out blood and treasure now and succeed, we may never be able to unite or show conquering force again in the great cause of human liberty. "The day has come to conquer or submit. If the forces of autocracy can divide us, they will overcome us if we stand together, victory is certain and the liberty which victory will secure. We can afford to be generous, but we cannot afford then or now to be weak or omit any single guarantee of justice and security." Pope-Wheelock Mfg. Co. Manufacturers of Ventnators, Skylights, Ornamental Hip Shingles, Ridferoll Water Tanks and All Kinds of Sheet Metal Work. Roof Work and Steel Ceiling a Specialty. Machine Work and Repairing. Storage Battery Service Station. All Makes of Batteries Sold, Itg? Repaired and Charged. sp* -Round Oak and Huron Furnaces.—Complete Installation.^ Head Lights for Traitors. Flue Cutters. Belt Guides. Spark (m Arresters. Howg Engine Belt Guide and Shifter, few®Russell da a lWontiimn -sSK We Have No ^Time to Stop A and ('V'V.'.'.'.Si'i ft SOUTH DAKOTA if£ For COMMERCIAL PRINTING and ADVERTISING und talk about- ttfe weather or politics when we are on the job. We do plumbing work so reasonably ^hat we have to work every minute ef the time to come out even.. But don't for a minute think that hurry .m gtightfnf the plumbing. e. are looking for your fur ther order* tee mueh to permit Mow.about your flret one? P* ,1 "f4 4 f" Hv kfctt.