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Vol. XVIII-No. 17.
CORVALLIS, OREGON, AUGUST 9. 1905. B.F. IRYINK dtt and cr-irt Summer Glearance Great Bargains in a 1 1 Departments BigStoGk to make your selections ... Get our Prices and make Comparison. J. M. HARRIS, i 39 Leading HoteHn Oorvallis. Recently opened. New brick bm'lding. Newly furnished, with modern con veniences. Furnace Heat, Electric Lights, Fire Es capes. Hot and cold water on every floor. Fine single rooms. Elegant suites. Leading house in the Willam ette Valley. $1-0, $1.25 and $2.00 per day. 1 Watches, Clocks, Jewelry and Silverware. Eyes tested free of charge and glasses fitted correctly at prices within reach of all ' Fine watch repairing a spe cialty Pratt The Jeweler 6c Optician. No Prizes go with our Cbase & Sanborn Higb Grade COFFEE In fact nothing goes with our coffee but cream, sugar and SATISFACTION P. M. ZIEROLF. Sole agent for Cbase & Sanborn Higb Grade COFFEE Fine Light Sample Rooms. C . J. C. Hammel, Prop. THE NAVAL BATTLE THE REASON WHY THE JAP ANESE WERE VICTORI OUS. Double-Column Formation and At tempt to Aid Each Other Made Vessels en Easy Prey in Japan S?a Other News. Tokio, Japan, July 9. (Corres pondence of ihe Associated Press.) Commander Akyama, who partial-1 pated in the battle of the Sea of Ja- nan l-i a rl nronarjd frr nnVlinntiAn ' an extended statement relating to the great conflict, and ita weight is on the side of gunntry, the battle ships and tactics, as against the de Etroyer aud the torpedo. He pre face bis statement by declaring that gold gunnery depends mainly upon the division officers, and asserts that the Russian officers were lamentably lacking in train ing. In the early part of the battle the Russians scored but one hit, to three landed by the Japanese. Under those circumstances, it may be said that the Japhnese had three or four guns in action to every one of the Russians', and tnere was nothing remarkable about the disparity of losses. The commander says that Ad miral Rojestvensky had been criti cised for electing to take his chan ces at the Tsushima. On the con trary, it was the wisest course open to him. TeUgaru Straight is long and narrow, the season was foggy, and there were mechanical obstruc tions. Distance and coal were against Soya, aod ihe time consum ed in reaching that entrance would have betrayed the design, and his plight on emerging from Soya would have been much- worse than he might reasouably hope for at Tsu shima. The commander insists that the great mistake of the Rassians was in marshaling their vessels in double column line ahead. From the moment of going into action in this formation, the Japanese regard ed victory as assured. Apart from the impossibility of maintaining an orderly formation when pursuing such tactics for defensive purposes, there was the fact tbat only a few or the ships could bring their guns into effective action against the Jap anese fl-et. The latter ships were able to concentrate theii whole fire upon the leading Russian ships, and in return received only a lim ited fire. Had the Rassians adopted the strategy of imposing the brunt of the action upon the battleships, while the re-t of the fleet broke through and t tiered direct for Vlad- ivostok, the commander believes tbey would have achieved a partial eucctss. Instead of doicg that, they followed the plan of mutually aid ing one another, and thus, when the head of the batlleship column got into trouble, the others Bteamed up and thrust their heads into the lion's mouth without being able to accomplishing anything compensa tory. Rgarding the question of sink ing armored cruisers and battle ships by gunfire, the commander expresses the opinion that the fact the Russian ehips were exceptional ly low in the water contributed ma terially to the result. The Rus sians carried large quantities cf coal, stores and ammnnition, and thus weighted down and in a rough saa suffered badly from hits near the water line tbat ordinarily would net have beeu fatal. Gervais, Or., Aug. 5. With handkerchiefs hiding their faces, three highwaymen entered Joe Becker's 6aloon this evening at 10: 20 o'clock, robbed and beat men in the place, secured several hundred dollars and escaped. There were .three men in the bar room when the desperadoes entered A groff word of command, empha sized by a disploy of revolvers, caused a quick elevation of .hands, and the victimB turned with their faces o the wall. . First the till was rifled and $350 secured from this source. . Then the pockets and clothing of the men .with raised hands were carefully inspected. . Charley Waldpole was relieved of $17.50. He protested and was promptly knocked down with a re volver. Lee Shultz had $145 or more in his pockets, but he had not a word to say when the currency and coin went into strange hands without a receipt. Backer's gold watch attracted the attention of the collectors, and they took that, as well as a very hand somely mounted revolver he hap pened to have in his pocket as pro tection aainst. thievee. Evtrytbing was done swiftly, but in a business like manner by the robber?. Scarcely a word wa3 spok en, while everything in value in coin va s being taken from its lawful-owners. As the victims were somewhat excited over the incident they cannot give a very clear de scription of the men who robbed thepo. Thej Beem to agree, how ever, that the hold up men were ah6ut 5 feet 7 inches tail, about 150 pounds weight, youthful in appear ance and that they looked enough alike to be brothers. The town is full of threshere and farm laborers, in for the Saturday night entertainment, and the rob bers were quickly lost in the crowd outside when thpy emerged from the saloon. Reno, Nev., Aug. 5. Adolph Manheim, a well known resident of this city, form rly engaged in busi iness in San Francisco, had a thrill ing experience in the Sierra Neva da Mountains near Weber Lake yesterday.. For nearly 18 hours he was h Id a prisoner in the topmost branches of a tall pine tree while a bear, wounded into a fury by a rifle shot, patrolled the place, pawed the ground and made attempts to reach the frightened, man above him. It was late last night when ares cue party eent out from camp reach ed the place, attracted there by his cries for help. The bear, probably frightened by the intrusion of the reecuers, escaped. Pools of blood, tracks and torn up ground were the only evidence of the vigil it had kept over its captive. Mr. Manheim, weak from hunger, thirst and nerv ousness, wa3 carried back to camp, but today is recovering from his thrilling experience. Manheim started from the lake yesterday mcrning to pick wild flowers in the hills. He was alone and was not looking for game. He took no weapons. When about two miles from camp and deep in the woods, he heard the bear growling in pain and started to escape.' As he started bruin came in sight at full speed. Ih the race of 2 10 yards that ensued, ' Manheim reached a tall tree and lost no time in climb ing to the top. The bear was wounded through the neck, proba bly by scme.hunter in th- neigh borhood. It was of great size. This great stock medicine is all money saver for stock raisers.. It pi is a medicine, not a cheat) food or condition powder. Though put up fi tn rnarwni frtwi li -i T'l. nAPwmA E?S m J 11 UWll ..'li J. lll I 1 hi n.n 0 Black-Draught, renowned for the 1 cure of the digestion troubles of persons, it has the same qualities of invigorating digestion, stirring up the torpid liver and loosening the constipated bowels for all stock and poultry. It is carefully pre pared and its action is so healthful that stock grow and thrive with an occasional dose in their food. It cures hog cholera and makes hogs grow fat. It cures chicken cholera and roup and makes hens lay. It cures constipation, distemper and colds in horses, murrain in cattle, and makes a draught animal do 1 more work for the food consumed. It gives animals and fowls of all kinds new life, f Every farmer and raiser should certainly give it a trial..- dM' It costs 25c. a can and savea ten times its price in profit. v PrrTSBUBQ, Kas., March 25, 1901. I have been using your Black-Draught Stock and Poultry Medicine on my stock for some time. I have used all kinds of stock food but I have found that yours is the best for my purpose. - J. 8. HASSON. 'A ' For Sale. Household goods, toilet articles. Also two milch cows and two calves Enquire of Mrs. E. S. Murray. C. H. Newth,' Physician and Surgeon Philomath, Oregon. A NEW EMPIRE ON THE MAIN LAND OF ASIA. The Japanese Empire Is to Em Brace Corea and Manchuria aod Probably a Part of Siberia. Walter Wellman, wiring to the Record-Herald, says: "There is to be a Japanese em pire on the mainland of Asia. It is to embrace Corea and Manchuria and probably a part of Siberia. The Japan of the present is a mere isl and kingdom. The Japan of the future is to rule the littoral of the Northern Asiatic continent. Reach ing far into the interior, comprising vast, fertile and populous provinces, the new Japan is to be thrice as great in population as the Japan of the present. ''The Sea of Japan is to be the center, the heart of this new em pire. That sea is to become a Jap anese lake. Japan is to dominate it and all the lands lying about it. This dominance of the Japanese sea and its coast country on all sides the Japanese hold is absolutely es sential to their national safety. The pretention the Japanese put forth as to the Sea of Japan is not unlike the Monroe doctrine, which the United states applies to the Caribbean Sea. Japan has a Mon roe doctrine of her own. And the meaning of it is that Japan will view as an unfriendly act any effort on the part of European powers to establish their sovereignty or to plant their systems on or near the shores of Japan. "The Japanese-Monroe doctrine applies not only to Russia, but to all European rowers. Inasmuch, however, as Russia is the only Eu ropean power which has established itself on the coast of the Japanese Sia, it is Russia alone whose pos sessions and known ambitions are to be narrowed or delimited by the national aspiratiocs of the victori ous Japanese. "Thus with one mighty leap, Ja pan springs from a scattered island kingdom-elf the Asiatic shore, a mere ocean principality, half lost in the maritime fogs, to empireship, covering islands and a huge strip of the mainland and the sea which His between them. From rank as twelfth or fifteenth among the powers-of the East has Japan risen at a bound to fifth or sixth place, and with still greater possibilities lying before her in Chinese apolitical he gemony and commercial leadership. "These are the aspirations of. the the Japanese people at this mo ment. This empire-building ambi tion of theirs forms the basis of the peace terms which they will en deavor to impose upon Russia in the international conferences whose firtt sessions are to be held here next week a conference toward which the races of the whole civil ized, world are now directed. "We do not as yet know the de tails of the terms of setllemen t which the Japanese envoys are instructed by their government to present to the representatives of the czar, but in the foregoing statement I have given the Japanese national aspira tion upon which those terms are based. When the precise Japanese stipulations become known, as they may be within a week or a fort night, it will be found ' that they were framed to carry out the' great plan of, national enlargement and safety I have just outlined. The information upon which this dis patch is written comes from higb and unimpeachable sources, from authority which would create sur prise were I at liberty to identify it. - - ' "I have the highest authority for the statements that, it the Russians find themselves unable to agree to a treaty which achieves this end, there will be no peace. The Jap anese have set the stakes which are to mark the boundarief of their na tional domain or sphere of influence in the future. The line as blaz'd in the roueb is net rard and fast. Tnere is marging left for trading, for accommodation, for seeming yielding on non-essentials, but the one essential the safety of the em pire is a fixed principle by which the Japanese government will stand like a rock. 'If they cannot secure this in the treaty of Washington, they will go on fighting till they can and do secure it. "Baron Komura told President Roosevelt at Oyster Bay, as Minis ter Takabira had told him already, that the attitude of the Japanese government is substantially as fol lows: ' " 'Japan wants peace and will make all reasonaple concessions to get it. But there is one thing we will not have and that is a peace which in the end must be mote costly to us than continuance of the war. All through Japan, am rg the people as well as iu the govern ment, there is one uppermost thought and that thought s thu: "Our statesmanship must int sacrifice one iota of the advant ge which our army and navy have gained on land and sea." "The American and British gov ernments have been sounded as to their views of the reasonable! and wisdom of this principle. America has no objections; Great Britain warmly approves. More over, the American ' go vernmi nt positively favors the establishment of a Japanese-Monroe doctrine i p plied to the Ssa of Japan. Tb United States does this becau e such a doctrine, if once fixed as a living principle, would do more than any thing else could do to safeguard the territorial integri'y of China. Japan's attitude toward the Chinese empire would thus be come like that of the United Stat -s towards Central and South Ameii ca with the Caribbean sea as ih critical region. In other words Ja pan would neither commit aggrtr sion upon China cor permit it. "The situation as regards Man churia is peculiar and exceptional. Japan and Russia have simply ex changed places in Manchuria. Nom inally Chinese, Manchuria has been actually Russian. But for this war, or some other upheaval, it would have been Russia to the end of time. Now it is Japanese. All that part which Field Marshal O yamas' armies have taken is to all intents and purposes as much Jap anese as if it were not only con quered, but ceded territory. Chi nese sovereignty is a mere fiction. A fiction it has been under tLe Russians and a fiction it is to I e under ths Japanese." Chicago, Aug. 5. "Japan has Russia to deal with and Russia alon3. "The United Slates and Great Britain are well aware of the inten tion of the Japanese to spread their empire to the Asiatic mainland and neither Great Britain nor the Unit ed States has any objection thereto. If the need should arise, under an attempt to exert international pres sure favor to Russia, Great Britain would be a positive force in support of the contention of Japan, while tbe attitude of the United States would be negatively friendly to Ja pan, in that our government would decline to take any action whatso ever. "With the United States and England thus aligned, an interna tional combination strong enough tc affect tbe peace conference is an impossibility. . . ' ' Japan has Russia to deal with and Russia alone." "Walter Wellman." Louisiana, Mo., Aug. 5. -This morning while a Chicago & Alton special train was crossing the Mis sissippi River bridge, Marion War ner, of Secor, 111., a passenger on tbe train, was. shot and inBtantly killed by an unknown man. War ner was a le-'p when the unknown man came tuiouah the train, ask iug the peoplelf they had guns. He awoke Warmr and asked him if he had a gun and, receiving a negative reply; shot Warner just over tbe right eye, killing, him in stantly. He then went to another passenger and, holdiog the gun against his temple, made him emp ty his cash. After, shooting Warner he emp tied his revolver at other passen gers, one woman receiving a slight wount on the arm.'. A' boilermaker from Jacksonville volunteered to arrest the man, and, in doing so knocked him sensless with his fist. The man who did the shooting was drank, and boasted before the murder that he would kill some one. The train was held two hours while the testimony of the passen gers was taken. The man who did tbe shooting rtfu-ed t) tell his name or whtre he livep. Ladies skirts all kinds and prio at Moses' Bros. Call and see tk&iu