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Iji Spain the Ministerialist, or the supporters of Sagasta, have made a clean sweep. The followers of Castelar, or the moderate Republicans, and those of Moret, or the independent Demo crats, stand ready to support the minis try against the Radicals under Zorilla and the Conservatives under Castillo. On questions of governmental policy the country is evidently with the Lib eral party, now in control of the min istry. Old King The baw, of Burmah, ere dited last yes I wiD'i a wholesale slaughter of his relieves, had recently The icebergs of the soutkern hernia pheres are much larger than those of the northern and frequently attain height of 1,000 feet. An old horse, belonging to a Mr. Saunders at Fishkill Landing, came out of his owner's barn a few days. since and stood for a few minutes looking out upon the water. He then went back, and in a few moments came out again, went deliberately to the water, waded into the cove that is enclosed by the Hudson River Railroad track, swam through the culvert under the railroad and out into the channel of the river. A man working on the New England railroad pile-driver saw the manoeuvres of the horse, and, putting out in a small boat, brought him back. On reaching the shore the.horse persistent ly refused to go on dry land. He lay down in the water, floundered about and apparently tried his best to drown himself by keeping his head under wa ter. This he Anally accomplished in water not deep enough to cover his body. Exchange. The auditor general has compiled liom the records in his Office, some wta- tistics of interest as indicating the in crease in wealth of the state. The pro gress of clearing and improving land is shown by the record of acres assessed at the different periods of equalization as follows: 1868 12.17.M 1881 1.18L',710 18tttt 17,111,710 1HU S2t,5l5.tf 1878 27,806,2(L' 1881 2.,30t,b20 ine assessed acreage of the state, it will be seen, has nearly doubled in 20 years. The total valuation of the state as equalized by the state board has been as follows for the different periods mentioned. 1861 f 80,978,270 1863 , 120,882,474 1868 187,888,00 1881 172,066.0R 1888 ' S07,t85,h42 1871 830,0(KV00 1878 880.000,000 Between 1871 and 1876 there was a great depreciation in values of some kinds of property, notably those con nected with the iron, lumber and nav igation interests, and the aggregate valuation was left unchanged. Since 1876 there has been a great increase in values. Pine lands have in many cases doubled or trebled In market value, the mining interests have greatly revived, manufacturing industries have been prosperous, and real estate toth in city and country has been greatly enhanced in value. In 1888 England proposes (Prori-i dence and Parnell permitting) tooele-. brate the tercentenary of the defeat of the Spanish armada, and a mov ement is already on foot lor raising funds to build a monument in commemoration of the deeds of Sir Francis Drake. If the Spaniards had succeeded in making a landing in Britain, no doubt the course of history would have been greatly changed, and his Most Catholic Majesty of Spain might now be ruling England, through a pro c onsul at Dub lin. But they did not land. There were too many Englishmen in the way. A party of gentlemen and ladies in cluding Sir John Mowbray, Lady Mow bray and their daughter, were recently escorted by lt. George M. Pullman to the thriving village near CI dcago which bears his name and which is owned and managed by the Pullman Association. About $2,000,000 has been expended in the development of the town thus far, and the work of building is going tor ward with great activity. The associ ation owns about 4,000 acres, and Mr. Pullman says: "We will not sell an acre under any circumstances, and we will only lease to parties whom we are well satisfied will conform with our ideas in developing the place. We will not allow any saloons or drinking resorts in the town. We sliall db all we can to cultivate the better natures of our workmen. In short, we shall do everything that is possible to im prove them. My idea has always been that it was to the employer's interest to see that his men are clean, content ed, sober, educated and happy. They make better workmen, and they -develop the employer's industries more. I shall try to benefit humanity where it is in my power to do so. Here we shall have every attribute of a town exemplified; and I hope to be able to provide each and every attraction that can be desired churches, schools.gyro nasiums, reading-rooms, etc." In the census year there were em ployed at the collieries 68,239 hands, of whom 28.7 per cent, were miners, 69.5 were laborers above ground, and 1.8 comprised the administrative force. The total wages paid were $21,680,120. The average yearly income of each man was $359 08, and his average monthly income $42 33. On an aver age, the employers worked 70.69 per cent, of the year, while 28.60 per cent was lost by stoppages and only 0.72 per cent by strikes. The last item shows that the relation bet ween employees are much more harmonious than here tofore. The increase of force employed over 187020.04 per cent consists largely of boys under sixteen years of age, at work above ground. The num ber of adult employees has increased but 20 per cent. The coal-lands which are reported as being worked amount to 164,852 acres, valued at $102,614,844 an average valuation of $622 47 per acre. Of the total number, 13.852 are reported as having been worked over; the lower seams of coal, however, even in this area have not yet been touched. An additional area of 53,385 acres of coal-land is held in reserve by the com panies. On the extremely conservati ve supposition that only 27 per cent, of the contents of the anthracite coal field can be mined and marketed, it is esti mated that the production of anthra cite, after 1880, will reach 4,009,640,000 net tons before the field is exhausted. This would indicate that the produc tion of the census year could be main tained for 146 years. The Owosso Times. I - ' . - - - - - - - , , - VOL. III. . OWOSSO, MICH., FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 16 1881. NO. 18. OUR CITX" FARMERS. If ynii desire to rank among The public's pels and charmer. You ought to join without delay The i- Mi' of city farmers. In farming lore they al' are versed, WOt HCieuce widoly noted, And rr the weather wisdom, too, To which they are dovott d. They never ha die hoe or take, And never turn a furrow, Bnt iu respect of theory Their prnctio Is quite th rourli. They know Just when to mow the corn. And wheu to pick potatoes, Aud when to graft the pumpkin I i . And when to dig touiatoen. They can instruct the fnrmet's wife Concerning bugs that plague plantn. In making souse ot roasting eara, Aud hatching out her egg piauts. tjuite loaruedly they can describe How cheese iB got by churning; Rut how the cows give buttermilk Is quite beyond their learning. They ran discourse on breeding ttk To fill ttte wastes of ocean. And still find time to air their thought About perpetual motion. I f farming life they aie the soul, The thinkers, uot the actors, And harmltttsly believe themselves l he people t bsntunctors. 6' 1 1 n. l'HK HY8CTBIOU8 WIDOW During the summer of 1811 the British had laid claim to all that por tion of the district of Maine lying east of the Penobscot. Shortly before the arrival of the English squadron, Com modore Samuel Tucker had been sent around to Penobscot Bay to protect the American coasters, and while the British sailed up to Castino he lay at Thomaston. It was a schooner that the Commo dore commanded, but she was a heavy one, well armed and manned; and she carried the true Yankee 'grit' upon her decks, of which the enemy had re ceived from them rather too many prools. On the morning ot the 28th of August a messenger was sent down from Belfast with the intelligence that the British frigate was coming from Castine to take him. Tucker knew that the British feared him, and also that Sir John Sherbrooke had ottered a large amount for his capture. When the Commodore received the intelligence, his vessel was lying at one ot the low wharves, where he would have to wait two hours for the tide; but he hastened to have every- iiung prepareu ro gee ner on as soon as possible. The schooner's keel was just cleared from the mud, and ono of the men had been sent upon the wharf to cast off the bowline, when a wagon, drawn by one horse, came rattling down to the spot. The driver, a rough-looking coun tryman, got out upon the wharf, and then assisted a middle-aged woman from the vehicle. The lady's first in quiry was for Commodore Tucker. lie was pointed out to her, and she stepped upon the schooner's deck and approach ed him. Commodore, sho asked, 'when do you sail from hero?' Wo sail right off as soon as possible, madam.' O, then, I know you will bo kind to me,' the lady urged, in persuasive tones. 'My poor husband died yester day, and I wish to carry his corpse to Wiscasset, whero we belong, and where his parents will take care of it.' 'But, my good woman, I sha'n't go to Wiscasset' If you will only land me at the nouth of the Sheepscot, I will ask no more. I can easily find a boat there to take me up.' 'Where is the body?' ask eel Tucker. In the wagon,' returned the lady, at the same tmie raising ono corner ot her shawl to wipe away tho gath ering tears. 'I have a sum of money, with me. and you shall he paid for the trouble.' 'Tut, tut, woman; if I accommodate yon, there won't bo any pay about it' Tho kind-hearted obi Commodore was not the man to refuse a favor, and though he liked not the bother of tak ing the woman and her strange ac companiment on board, yet he could not refuse. Some of the men were sent upon the wharf to bring the body on board. A long buffalo robe was lifted off by the man who drove the wagon; beneath it appeared a neat black coffin. Somo words were passed by tho seamen as they were putting the coffin on board, which went to show pretty plainly that the affair did not exactly suit them. But it may have been prejudice on their part, but tho seamen should be allowed a prejudice once in a while, when we consider tho many stern real ities they have to encounter. Erelong the coffin was placed iu the hold, and the woman was shown tothecabin. In less than half an hour the schooner was cleared from the wharf, and stand ing out from the bay. The wind was light from the eastward, but Tucker had no fear of the frigate now that she was once out of the bay. In the evening the lady passenger came on deck, and the Commodore as sured her that he should bo able to land her early on the next morning. She expressed her gratitude, and re marked before she retired she should like to see that her husband's corpse was safe. This was, of course, granted, and one of the men lifted off the hatch that she might go down into the hold. I declare,' muttered Daniel Carter, an old sailor, who was standing at the wheel, "she takes on de'f ully !' 'Yes, poor thing I' said Tucker, as he heard her sobs and groans. 'D'ye notice what n eye she's got?' continued Carter. No,' said Tucker, 'only 'twas swollen with tears.' My eyes ! but they shone, though, when sho stood hero looking at the compass.' Tucker smiled at the man's quaint earnestness, and then went down to the cabin. When the woman came up from the hold, she looked about the deck of the ichoaaiv for a few moment and then went aft. The woman's eyes ran over the schooner's deck with a strange quickness, and Carter eyed her very sharply. Soon sho went to the taffrail, and she came and stood by tho binna cle again. 'Look out, or you'll jibe the boom,' uttered the passenger. Carter started, and found that the mainsail was shivering. Ho gave the helm a couple of spokes nport, and then cast his eyes again upon the woman. Thank'e, ma'am,' said Dan. 'Ha, hold on why, bless my soul, ther's I big spider on your "hair. Xo not there. Here I'll ugh I The hist ejaculation Dan made as he seemed to pull something from the wo man s hair, which he threw upon the deck with the 'ugh' above-mentioned. Shortly after the passenger went be low, and ere long Tucker came on deck. Commodore,' said Carter, with a re markable degree of earnestness in his manner, 'is the 'oman turned in?' I rather think so, said Tucker, look ing at the compass. 'Look out. look out, Carter! Why man alive, you're two points to the south ard of your course. lilow me! so 1 am, said tho man bringing the helm smartly aport. But say, didn't you notice any thing pecu liar about t; e old oman i Why, Dan, you seem greatly inter ested about her.' SO I am, uommouore. an so l am ibout the coffin, too. Would'nt it be well for you and I to overhaul it?' Pshaw! you re as HUN as a child n a graveyard!' No, not a bit. Just hark a bit. That 'oman ain't no 'oman.' The Commodore pronounced the name of his satanic majesty in the most emphatic manner. It s the truth, Commodore- I pur- tended there was a spider on her hair, ind I rubbed mv hand agin her face. By Sam Hyde; if it wasn't as rough and bearded as a holystone. You see, she told me as how I'd let the boom J if I didn't look out. I knowed ten was no oman there,and so I tried her. Call somebodv to take the wheel, and let's go and look at that eofhn. The Commodore was thunderstruck by what he had heard, but with a aim presence of mind that made him what ho was, he sat coolly to thinking In a few minutes he called one or the men aft to relieve Carter, and then went down to look after his passenger rhe latter had turned in, and seemed to bo sleeping. Tucker returned, aud took Carter ono side. No noise, now, Carter; follow mo as though nothing had happened. ' Sartin. Tlio two approached the main hatch. and stooped to raise it, when Dan's hand touched a small ball that seemed to have been pinned up under the break of the hatch It's a ball of twine,' said he Don t touch it, but run and got a intern replied Tucker Carter sprang to obey, and when he returned a number of the men had gathered about tho spot, me hatch was raised, and the Commodore care fully picked up the bull of twine, and found it was made fast to something below. He descended to the hold, and there ho found that the twine ran in beneath tho lid of the coffin. He had no doubt in his mind now that there as mischief boxed tip below, and sent Carter for something that might answer for a screw-driver. The man soon returned with a stout knife, and tho Commodore set to work. Ho work ed very carefully, keeping a bright lookout for tho string At length the screws were ut, and the lid very carefully lifted from its place. Great Heavens! Durst from the ups of the Commodore. By Sara Hyde!' dropped like a thun der-clap from the tongue of young Dan. God bless you, Danr said the com modore. 'I know d it,' muttered Dan The two men stood for a moment and gazed into the coffin. There was no dead man there, but in the place thereof was material for the death of score. The coffin was filled with crunpowder and pitch wood: upon a light irainowork in the centre were ar mged four pistols, all cocked, and tho string entering the coffin from without communicated with tho trigger of each The first movement of the Commo dore was to call for water, and when t was brought he dashed three or four bucketfuls into the infernal contri vance, and then he breathed more free ly. No, no, he uttered, as he leaped from the hold. 'Xo, no, my men. Do nothing rashly; let me go into the cab in first.' Commodore Tucker strode into the cabin; walking up to the bunk, where his passenger lay, and grasping hold of the female dress, he dragged its wear er out upon the floor. There was ft sharp resistance, and the passenger drew a pistol, but it was quickly knock ed away; the gown came forth from the remnants of calico and linen. The fellow was assuned that his whole plot had been discovered, and at length he owned that it had been his plan to turn out in tho course of the night and get hoi I of the ball of twine; then he intended to hav e gone af t, care fully unwinding the string as ho went along, then to have got into the boat, cut the falls, and, as the boat fell into the water, he would h,ve pulled smart ly upon t he twine. 'And I think you kjiow,' hr contin ued, with a wicked look, 'what would have followed. All I can say is that I'm sony I did'nt do it It was with much difficulty that the Commodore prevented his men from killing tho villain on the spot. He proved to be one of the enemy's officers, and he was to have a heavy reward if he succeededin destroying the Commo dore and his crew. The prisoner wa3 carried on deck, and lashed to the main-rigging. What a horrid death that villlan meant for us!' uttered Carter. Yes, he did,' said Tucker, ' with a shudder. Ho belongs to the same gang that's been a robbin' and burnin' the poor folks' houses on the eastern coast,' said one of the men. Yes,' said the Commodore, with a nervous twitch of the muscles about his mouth. A bitter curse from the prisoner now broke on the air, and with oleDch ed fist the Commodore went below. In the morning, when Tucker came on deck, Seguin was in sight upon the starboard bow, but when he looked for the prisoner he was gone. Carter, whore's the villian I lashed here last night?' I'm sure I oon't know whero he is, Commodore. Perhaps he jumped over board.' The old Commodore looked stornly In Carter's eyes, and he saw a twinkle of satisfaction gleaming there. He lvesitateda moment; then he turned away, and muttered to himself: Well, well, I can't b'ame them, the murderous villian has gone to death, he's only met a fate which deserved.' If his he Bells in Belgium. At the present time tho countrj most celebrated for its large and var ied collection of bells, in addition to its other interesting associations, is Belgium--a fact realized by compar atively tew tourists when they com mence to investigate its queer old towns. Jiut if the subject js ouce studied, the pleasure to bo derived from a sojourn here is greatly enhanc ed. This land of bells is famous forjits Oell-fouuders, particularly those uf the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, when Van den Gheyns, Hemony, and Dumeiy lived. Of these thre He mony attained the greatest, eminence, constructing, amongst nuineions other vorks, tin; Mechlin chimes find the greater number of the Antwejn hells. Cue cathedra) at Antwerp contain! sixty-live hells, besides the carillon and live other bells of great antiquity; of these latter the two principal ones are the curfew, and the carol us, given by Charles V., which is ouly rung twice in the year, and requljes sixteen men to pull it. This bell was exceed ingly costly, being composed of silver, copper, and gold, and is valued at the sum ot $iu0,ooo; tho action of the clap per has worn away the sides a good deal. Dumery was the founder of the Bruges carillon, which consists of for ty bells aud one IMJM dourdon. Looking over the Belgian plains from the belfry Of Notro Dame at. Ant werp (the spire of which is 4o:j feel high from the foot of the tower), a magnificent panoramic view m obtained; no less than IStf steeples can be counted, inclu ding Mechlin Cathedral and St. Gudule at Brussels', and from these belfries caiillonsaio wafted on the air, play ingoperatie and other melodies, mark ing the hours as they pass in a music al manner. It is quite a mistake to suppose that hells rung every seven minutes is an interruption: their con stant recurrence is found to give life and vivacity to these quaint old cities, besides penetrating into the country for miles around ; and It is wonderful, after a residence here, how the famil iar nnifi c is missed when no longer heard. The geographical aspect of Belgium is weli adapted for the transmission of cai illon3, as it has-been found that tho penetrating sound of bells is much increased by being rutig in a plain or valley, especially a water valley. The belfry at Tountay which rocks when the weather is stormy in a very omin ous manner, contains forty bells. A light is always kept- burning after dark iu the highest gallery, and if a fire breaks oui. the tocsin is sounded by the watchman, who is there night and day. The Construction of the 'tambour carillon', which produces such charm ing music, is exactly similar iu princi ple to a musical box. It consists of a barrel with a number of little spikes on it, each of which lifts a tongue, which pulls a wire, and raises a ham mer that strikes toe required note on a bell. In the last century the clave cin, or key-board, was used, and the carilloneurs used to perform on this. One of the most celebrated of these players was Van den Gheynsr who use- ed to perform quits eleborate pieces of music on the bell. The reason that so many belfries have been erected in Belgium is doubt less owing to the incessant civil wars that used to ravage tlwoountry. It was on this account that fortifying towns like Ghent and Burgee, the first thing to be done was to Imild the tower, and the second to put up t he bells, In order to hae tho m;ans id' editing the peo ple together whenever an outbreak oc curred. According to this arrange ment, it frequently batqinnert that the bells were the property of the town, whilst the tower belonged to the ca thedral chapter. Those belfries are ex tensively decorated with the names of the tourists visiting them, at Strasburg I he si una tore of Goeth and Klopstoek ire shown with pride. It seems an ex t inordinary t lung t hat In lliis.as well as in oUtnr cathedrals, there is no bettei meebnolonl appliances used for swing in lis than the wheel, with a rope over it, which is precisely tho plan employ ed by the Chinese more than a thous and years ago. THE GREAT DISASTER. The week following the 5th inst will never forgotten in Michigan. The wildspread destruction caused by tin? tlames in 1871 were entirely discounted by the conflagatlon that has just swept over Sanilac, Huron, Tuscola, and parts of Genesee, Saginaw and Montcalm Countu s As nearly as can be learned the tire originated in the mis taken method adopted by farmers to clear their lands, For weeks , no rain had fallen and the foli age and vegetation was in a parched state, and when the match was once applied the tlames spread be fore a driving wind and were soon be yond control. Thousands of acres were soon involved, and the lurid flames in their fury overleaped all bounds, carry ing death and desolation everywhere. Every effort was made to save isolated dwellings and collected settlements, but one and all were rapidly swept away. Thousands of people were sep arated from relief by miles of burning trunks and heated ash fields. As the flames subsided bodies of human be ings and domestic animals were found lying by the roadside and scattered through the blackened fields, where they had been overtaken by the fire or suffocated by the Buper-heated atmos phere. In the denser forest districts the wall of flame arose until it seemed to lap the very heavens. As the flames became spread, a dense veil of smoke overhung the earth, obscuring the sun and making the mid-day as dark as night The roar of the approaching conflagration was heard for miles and was like the Bound of terrific and rapid ly nearing thunder and a deep feeling of terror fell upon those who were su perfltitiously disposed. It is impossible to depict the scenes of horror and suf fering that were upon every hand. A few instances must suffice. In the town of Arggle the saddest was that of one family of the name of Weitzell, where the mother, five child ren and a brother, who had hastened to the rescue, were found dead. Here the committee found the bereaved fath er and one only child, a bright little fellow of 9 years, mourning over seven rough board boxes that contained the charred remains of what had been once so dear to them. It seemed that the family, having fought fire as long as there remained one ray of hope, en deavored to make their escape, but found themselves hemmed in on all sides and perished there in the road. At Forestville a women locked up her house with two children inside and went for help, but when she returned both house and children were burn ed. A man went into a burning house and took two children from the bed, carried them two or three miles, and through exhaustion had to leave them. Somo one carried them two miles further though smoke and flame, wear ied out, and left them by the roadside, whore they perished. A farmer who was plowing with his oxen a few miles from Sand Beach, perceiving the apporaching darkness, started for his house. Reaching there he found that his wife had gone to a neighboi's. He took two children and gave three ethers in charge of his eldest daugl ter. Before traveling many rods they found themselves cut off by the flames. He turned in anoth er direction and escaped with two chil dren; the three children and the daugh ter were found the next day all in a heap and charred beyond recognition. At Richmondville, a family of seven persons named Thornton sought shelter in a weU, and were suffocated by the smoke. When found they lay in a heap in the water, their hair scalded off and part of their bodies scorched and apparently cooked. At Verona Mills the wind was so strong that Mr. Bailout ine and wife were picked up and blown 15 or 20 yards. A women and her husband were found lying against a tree dead, the woman being partly delivered of a child. William Humphrey a mall carrier between Argyle and Elmer, started on his route Monday. Midway he was stopped by the flames, and unhitched his horse from the wagon. Mounting his horse with the mail bags he turned hastily back. Tho horse found its way back to Argyle without mail-bag or rider. A tag was tied to his mane and he was arged back over his usual route. He reached Kim or, but Humphrey's body was found burned in the woods in one place and the half consumed mail bag in another. A poor woman in Austin township endeavore dto save herself and children by digging a bole and covering as best she could with her hands. They were all subsequently found dead. The little ones had their heads burned off to the shoulders. A man driving through Huron coun ty directly after the spread of the lire, reported that he met five woman en tirely naked, each carrying a child. One party from White Rock saw two little children leading an old man who had been blinded by smoke and firo who bad under his arm the burned remains of a little child quite naked. At Cato a widow and five children got dowu a well, where they died from suffocation. The following graphic desert ption of of the situation in Huron county was received by a Detroit firm: White Rock, Huron Co., Mich., Sept 7. As I wish to let the people of Detroit know the situation aud condi tion of the inhabitants of this part of Huron county that have been burnt out by the late fires, I thought I would write you a few lines and give you a description of what I have seen in my travels to-day. For the past oaoru fires have been Dttf&iBf throughout thifl county, without doing much i!;nnage until last Monday. On Monday morning at 10:30 tho'smoke became so thick that the sun became obscured, no oy iij m. me uancness income impenetrate. It was by this time as dark as midnight, and we could not distinguish any pel son or object at the distance of 10 feet I made up my mind there was trouble brewing for us, and I immediately shut up our works and prepared to light fire. We were very fortunate, as the fire did not come any nearer than half a mile of our vil lage. After keeping watch 48 hours incessantly without sleep, the wind changed to the north and cleared up the Binoke, and I then got a "rig," and taking along some provisions, started west, and made for the town ship of Paris, and through that part of it that suffered the most It is almost impossible to describe to you the rava ges the fire has made in this township. I travelled miles where every farmer is burnt out I went four miles on one road, and every building, fenco, and al most every head of stock are destroyed. On this road there have been 15 lives lost 1 met one ox team and wagon on this road containing three rough board boxes with eight corpses enclosed. The man that was along was the only mourn er, walking behind the wagon, follow ing his wife and five children to the grave, they having been burned to death. A little farther alone there was another woman and five children foand in the middle of the road dead. I tell you it is terrible. It is almost impossible to realize without seeing There is nothing but a barren waste to be seen, with dead cattle, hogs, sheer, chickens, etc. At one place where J called a bear had taken refuge under the house and burned along with the building. The following is a list of those that have perished and been found in the town of Paris up to this date, with several still missing. Frank Lochs lost his wife and five children; Simon Wrohbel lost one child: Frank Masur lost one child: Mathias Walen- ski; John Spirkowski lost his wife and five children; Mrs.Laurence Wixbitzket; Mrs. Gusa; Mr. McPherson and wife; John Kobatzki lost one child; Jos.Kurs nia lost one chiitl; two grown up girls not indentified, In the township of Bingham, John Freighburger, wile and seven children all burned to death. I understand there have been some 15 bodies taken to Sand Beach for in terment. At Port Hope there are a number who have lost their lives, and to the Bouth of Minden some 13 were buried to-day. The following places are destroyed in this county: Port Hope, partially destroyed. Huron City, all gone. Forest Bay, all gone. Bad Axe, all gone but the court house and one store. Verona Mills all but one hotel and store. These are all I have heard of at pres ent, as our telegraph and mail com munication was cut off. The fire has been mere destructive than the fires of 1871, as far as I can learn. And now, gentlemen, these people need relief, and that as Boon as it can possibly be sent, as they are without noraes, almost naked, and nothing to help themselves with, as their crons vuro in tltolr Vinrna nH nnf vat marbot. ed, bo that they need everything to com mence sgain with. Wo up here are doing all in our power to aid them, but what we can do does not go far with so many. 1 sent tnree wagon loads ot provisions and clothing in to-day of our own, besides .what otfccr parties sent. The town of Paris being the on ly town I visited I can but give you the number burned out in this town. which is 110 families, or about 550 per sons. And God only knows how many there are in the other towns, but there are a large quantity. From what I can learn there must be 4,000 persons home less in tins county. And now what ever is done do it quickly, and if there is any part of this letter that will help the people by having it published you have my consent to do so. We have lost 4,000 cords of wood, and we feel happy to-night that it is ne worse. . xouis respectlully, ' '1 no mas Thomson. To name the townships and villages that suffered by the conflagration would be to gazette the whole of Huron and Sanilac counties, a large part of Tusco la county and much of the other coun ties herein before specified. At the following points the fires wore most disastrous. PLACES BURNED. Porters Station, containing four or five buildings was burned, and a train that had just arrived having run the gauntlet of the flames was badly dam aged. Richmondville, only one build ing remaining. Anderson, on the r. it . & N. W. R. R. completely destroyed. fort I lope, nearly all burned. Bad Axe, only the court-house and hotel left standing. Verona Mills, all burned but i he church and store. Charleston, an entire ruin in twenty minutes after the flames reached it. Minden, partial ly destroyed, Houghton Creek, near Vassa, all the dwellings are burned. Forester township, only one house left Paris, a total ruin. Tyre, Cato, Huron City, Forest Bay, all burned. Ubley, partly. The townships of Delaware, Minden, Austin, Bingham and Sharen can be only compared to deserts. The townships of Wat u it own, Custer, Moore and Argyle are a blackened prairie Beaver township everything burned Bloomfleld, total. Moore township, a clean sweep. Crosswell, Deckerville, White rock and Sandinkay, totally de stroyed. It is impossible te estimate the number of lives lost. In Sanilac coun tv alone nearlv 150 are reported. Es timates vary from 800 to 1,000 Probably 500 will not exceed the num b r. Property of all kinds is destroyed and to estimate its value would be but to make a wild guess at an unknown quantity, running far into the mil lioos. During a part of the time occupied by the conflagration navigation was impeded, the deiue smoke overhanging the lakes and obscuring the view to such a degree that vessels sailed only by lights. D ad birds aud fish were floating on every hand. On the shores in many places the firo reached the waters edge, burniug the docks and the shipping was forced to push out into the lake for safety. In the interior the saved portions of partially burned villages were crowded with refugees. At Bad Axe 350 sought refuge in the Court House. Universal destruction was everywhere evident, and multitudes of homeless ones, hungry and half clothed sought shelter or escape as best they might. During the piogress of the conflagra tion the people sought shelter in wells and caves, often to meet death by suf- focation. The people of whole counties are destitute and homeless and prompt measures must be takou for their re lief. At Port Huron an efficient or ganization has been effected and have issued the following APPEAL. To the People ( the United States. A most appalling disaster has fallen upon a large portion of the counties of Huron and Sanilac, Mich., with some adjacent territory, a section of country recently covered with forests and oc cupied by nearly 50,000 people, largely recent settlers and either poor or in very raoderato circumstances. In the whole of this section there has been but little rain during the past two months and everything was parched and dry, when on Monday, September 5, a hurricane swept over it, carrying with it a sheet of flame that hardly anything could withstand. We have reports already of over 100 persons burned to death, many of them by the roadside or in the fields while seeking places of safety, and it is prob able that twice this number have per ished. We also have reports from twenty or more townships in which scarcely a house, barn or supplies of any kind are left and thousands of people are destitute and helpless. All of these people require immedi ate assistance anfi most of them must depend on on charity for months to como. We are doing all iu our power to succor them, but the necessities of the case are so great that the contributions of the charitable throughout the country will be re quired to help them through the winter. We therefore appeal to you to send money, clothing, bedding, provisions or any ot her supplies that will help main tain the sufferers and enable them to provide shelter for themselves and be gin work on their farms. Contiibutions may be sent to the chairman, secretary or the treasurer of the relief committee appointed by the citizens of Port Huron, whose names are signed here, who have sent agents through the burned districts to ascertain the wants of the suffvrers and distribute supplies. (Sigatd) KU CARLE ION, Mayor of Port Huron, Chau nian; M. H. ALLARDT, secretary; H.Q. BARNUU, Caller Fust tattoos) Bmk, Tre"tirer; OMAR D. ( uN Kit. WM. I BANCROFT. WM. JENKINSON, HENItY HOWARD, J ES MOFFAT. JOHN CHW1BER3, Central Relief Counnitteo. Pin t Huron, September 8, 1881. At Detroit Mayor Thompson is at the head of a strong committee who have already raised over $15,000. At tew York city the good work is al ready well advanc ed. In many places in our state arid turoughout the coun try active measures have been taken to secure and forward the necessary supplies and money. A generous re sponse should and will promptly meet this most urgent call, and out of the desolation wo are confident that with the help that will cheerfully be given our stricken people will arise like a Phoenix from its ashes. True Words. A writer in a recent number of Scnbner's Magazine says : The farmer, having the most .- n and natural oc cupation, ought to find life pleasant. He aloe,strictly speaking, has a home. How can a man take root and thrive without land? He writes his history upou his field. How many ties, how many resources he has; his friendship with catt e. his team, his dog, his trees : the satisfaction in his growing crops, in his improved fields; his intimacy with nature, with bird and beast, and with the quickening elemental forces; his co-operation with the ulouds. sun, seasons, heat, wind rain and frost Nothing will take the various social distempers which the city and artificial life breed out of a man like tunning like direct and loving contact with the soil. It draws out the poison. It QUmbiei him, teaches him patience and roverenc, and restores tho proper tone to his system. Cling to the larm, make much of It, put yourself into it, bestow your heart and brain upon it, so that it shall savor of ou and radi ate your virtue after your day's work Is done. i The principal voyagers who have ac complished the circumnavigation of the earth are Magalliaes, 1519; Mend dane, 1507; Drake, 1576; Cavendish, 1586 and 1501; Queiror, 1605; Le Maire, 1615; Tasman, 1642; Dam pier, 1679; Roger and Cooke, 1808; Koggoween, 1721; Anson, 1740; Byron, 1764; Wallis and Carteret, 1766; Bougainville, 1766; James Cook, 1768, 1772 and 1776;Krusenstem, 1803; Kotzebue, 1828; King and Fitzroy, 1826; Belcher, 1836; Dumont d'Urville, 1837; Wilkes, 1838. Tourists who have madu the trip through the Thousand stands and down the St. Lawr nee to Montreal remember the Indian pilot who is tak en on board to guide tho steamer through the Lachine rapids. It has always been supposed by the unsophis ticated voyager that this was really a matter of necessity, but it now appears that it is all sham, a little performance introduced by tho steamboat company for dramatic and picturesque effect. Mr. R. N. Handy says in Green' Fruit-Grower that the best time to trim apple-trees is from June to Aug ust. The wounds then heal over much quicker and belter than in the wln the mouths.