Newspaper Page Text
THE CHRISTMAS DINNKR.
Howr wh'vh Hth1 Tor twelve good month Lwt's eat our to rrl" : Ail! ('ink Hi hualth of fr'MiuN ;mi fm-, li i, ii n 1 far nm y, mv frienita, Kur ' 1 k ' -' i i Yur oui.is li mii M.iiiiMii, no, lad ami by, Ilka iiurn ng udii, Y lurtppml'es wilt rtiiih 'oo. The dtn'i heil! h tllnnr Mil Hirk: d ,'. "u i Nir U ri i-ii".', : ! Mi HlKlUttll 'ln-1 i""1 pw-ww Hll.l U New nga uf plui) -niging, oh! Kiod hearts ho1 helping nauds have we, Sure sympathy fur sorrow; (iod bless ton deed of lore to day In many a glad t morrow. Vim were our loll o'er earth and sea If He who reigns above, my f rleuds, No helping huud would leud, to bring Good harvesting of love, my friends. So here's a cbeer, aud "three times three," For this our Christmas Day, my friends: May hearts be gkri, uul nil Ui lugs sad Be banished far away, my friends. Ex Preparing for Christmas. On a bright, frosty morning early in December, there was an unusual ex citement in Mrs. Sinclair s uursen, where four bright happy children wei e crowded around Aunt Helen, who had come from her distant home to visit her nephew and nieces. Oh, Auntie,' said Helen, (the eldest of the frock, who was now twelve years old), 'Yon must stay until after Christmas, and see our presents and our Christmas tree. 'Yes,' said Harry; (the next in age), 'I know you will be pleased; mamma knows how to trim Christmas trees; she always thinks of something to sur prise us. We gathered a large basket of mosses in the mountain , and I am almost sure they are to be used about the tree.' Then little Mary told of the beauti ful doll she had found sitting under the ree; and even baby Emma, who probably had no remembrance of any thing that had happened so long ago as Christmas, added her little prattle about toys and dolls. Aunt Helen waited until there was n lull, which came when the four children were quite out of breath. Then she told them that she fully expected to spend the holidays with them, and in quired if they had begun to prepare for Christmas. They were quite certain mamma had begun to prepare, for the large doset was kept locked, and when Jane had been seen carrying in some parcels they had been told to run away quickly for Christmas was coining. Helen whispered that she had made a case for papa's clothes brush, a book mark for mamma, and was now knit ting reins for Harry. Aunt Helen was pleased that her Christmas work was so far advanced, but added, 'While we are trying to make our own dear ones happy, and give them pleasant surprises, we will not forget the poor, but we will each try to bring joy to some sad or neglected one.' The next day proved to be dark and stormy, just the day for pulling out all the old toys, and with mamma's help deciding which should be given away. There wore-dolls, animals, furniture, and many other things, which, when they were piled in one corner of the nursery, presented such a dilapidated appearance that it seemed that children who could take pleasure in such toys must be indeed miserably poor. But when Aunt Helen h d brought the glue and secured the broken pieces in their places, when the dolls had been supplied with new heads or arms, ac cording to their need, when all the lit tle garments had been nicely washed and ironed (which was Jane's donation to the poor children's box), you would scarcely have believed they were fie same things. Indeed, I fear Harry would have restored some of them to his own shelf in the toy closet, if Aunt Helen had not reminded him of the great pleasure they might afford some child who might be sorrowful even on Christmas day, Several days had been occupied in these repairs. The children were hap py to help in every way, holding the glue or the string, running up and down stairs to bring such things as were required. And now,' said Aunt Helen, 'we must begin a new branch of business.' Again mamma was called upon to say which of the old books might bo spared for the poor. She would have been willing to have them part with quite a large number, but the children were loath to give them up. One had such a lovely story, another such beau tiful pictures, for one reason or another there were many great favorites. Aunt Helen was glad that they prized their books; she did not reprove them, but proceeded to show them how to improve the appearance of the few that were to be given away, by securing loose leaves or covers and covering with pa per those that were soiled Or defaced. The next day was employed in mak ing scrap-books. Papa had brought home several old directories, and little Emma, who was proud in the posses sion of her first pair of scissors, wm instructed to cut out every other leaf, that is, to cut one leaf and leave the next This gave her employment for several days. The picture papers and pretty advertising cards were gathered, and when the pictures were careful) trimmed and pasted into the books they certainly were very pretty scrap books, The children decided that getting ready for Christmas was very delightful work. Nor was the mother idle during this time of preparation. She had brought forth all the garments that could be spared from the family ward robe and had, with Jane's help, been very busy, darning, patching, replac ing buttons and putting all in complete order. When all was in readiness they were tied into neat parcels and delivered to the families for whom they were in tended, on Christmas eve. I have not space to follow each par cel. No doubt each carried with it comfort and joy, for Mrs. Sinclair was well acquainted with the needs of those poor people, and in her i hnstmas dn tribution was especially careful to suit her gifts to the tastes, as well as to the necessities of each family. I will, however, tell you of the parcel sent to Widow Lee, a poor woman who earned a living for herself and two children by washing and crabbing Her home was but one room in a crowd ed tenement ; she was a quiet, holiest woman, working early and late, to pay the rent and provide for her family. The Owosso Times. vol. m. Now, as the children were quietly sleeping, she was carefully patching the knees of her son s pantaloons and the sleeves of her daughter's dress, sighing as she realized that they would soon be too far gone foi even her skill to repair The thought that Christmas near cneer ad her. She remembered the very ac ceptable parcel of clothing that a lady had sent last year ; shs thought of the festival at the fc-nday-school ; the chil dren had been well pleased with the pretty book and the nice box of candy which had heen given them on that oc casion. Then her mind wanderexl back to the days of her childhood ; she re membered her mother, a poor widow like herself, glad to work for her chil dren, and always striving to make them both good and happy. Soon the garments are mended, and now she proceeds to arrange the little things she has prepared for Christmas On her way from work she had bought for each an orange and a few sticks of candy. These she secured to a little branch of evergreen, which was plant ed in a flower-pot; she then tied on a few little wax candles, which she in tended to light early on Christmas morning. Moving the little table, with its clean white cover, in front of the bed, she was about placing the small tree in the center, when she was start led by a tap at the door, and a large parcel was handed in for Mrs. Lee, With eager, trembling hands, she un tied the strings. You can imagine her delight as she placed on one side of the table a pretty warm dress for Mary, a doll and a scrap-book. On the other side a good suit of clothes, (which Har ry Sinclair had outgrown) a stable and a picture book. Poor, hard-working mother! she could have borne with composure these tokens of kindness to her children, but when she drew forth a warm shawl for herself, the surprise was too great, lears started trom her eyes and sue really sobbed for joy. There was a brilliant scene on that bright Christmas morning in Mr. Sin clair's pretty home. The children rous ed Aunt Helen at an early hour, she ac knowledged that the tree was truly beautiful, only a lady of great skill and taste could have arranged the beauti ful bank of mosses on which the tree was planted; she rejoiced to see those children so pleased and happy. The kind heart would have been even more gladdened could she have peeped into the rr room where the little branch, with its few candies, lit the happy faces of Mrs. Lee and her children, while a onely woman from the next room, who hud carried in her crippled child to admire the tree, gratefully accepted the widows invitation to remain to dinner. There are hundreds of families that might be made happy by a little thought fulness on the part of others. Though we ought to remember the poor at all times, it is a pleasant custom to re member them especially at the holiday time. Immigration. The way people are leaving all parts of Europe for the land of freedom and yellow corn, la something to wonder at. Four years ago the immigration at the port of New York was but seventy nine thousand people from all sources. Gradually that number has increased until last year it reached three hun dred and twenty thousand, and during the eleven months of this unaccomplish ed year it has exceeded last year's total by one hundred thousand. The trans atlantic confederation of Bteamship lines are increasing their facilities for transportation. It is estimated that the immigration of 1882 will be large ly in excess of the present year. To accommodate the large influx of men, women and children, a score of new steamships will be built during the winter and spring. In Belgium, at a railway station, an employee, placed as a sign-post at a certain door, repeats incessantly, with arm outstretched : "Passengers who have baggage will pass through this door. Passengers who have not bag gage will also pass through this door." Some men are born poor, others achieve poverty, and a legion more start newspapers, and live on cord- wood and promises. Springfield Sun day News. There is an old adage that if enough rope is given to a fool he will hang himself with it, but it appears that ever since the world legan there has been a scarcity of rope. Courier-Journal. What is that which has three feet but no legs, is all body but no limbs, has no toes on the feet, no head, moves a great deal, but never uses its legs for that purpose, has one foot at each end and one in the center of the body ? It never walks out, but goes with one foot where the head might be, dragging the other foot behind. Answer A yard stick. ( It has been proved by experiment that the more rapidly an animal is fat tened the less quantity of food is neces sary to main ain its mere vitality Thus an animal can be more cheaply fattened by consuming ten bushels of corn in two months than if four months were occupied in the process Liberal and abundant feeding is the most economical, and a saving of time in producing the same result is a gain in the protit. Stock should be well sheltered din ing winter, for when unprotected from the cold winds and snow storms a great deal of the food goes to maintain an imal heat, instead of adding pounds of flesh to the aniiaal. The scarcity of grain and the consequent high prices will make I his winter a good time to try the experiment of economizing feed by sheltering stock. OWOSSO, Little Stories for the Amusement aud Improvement ot the Nursery Brigade. Oh, what a bad mamma to leave lit tle Esther all alone in the dark room. No wonder Esther is crying. She is afraid a big bugaboo will come down the chimney and eat her up. Bugaboos like to eat little children. Did you ev er see a bugaboo with its big lire eyes and cold teeth all over blood ? The next time mamma leaves you alone in a dark room, per japs one will come to eat you. n. The old man is blind and cannot see. He holds his hat in his hand and there is a dime in the hat. Go up quietly and take the dime out of the hat. The man cannot see you. Next Sunday you can put the dime in the Sabbath school box and the teacher will praise you. Your papa will put some money in the contribution box, too. He will put in more than you do. But his opportuni ties for robbing are better than yours are. BL Daisy is crying. Poor little girl, we are sorry for her. James has hit her in the eye with a Domick. Fie on James to do so, and fie on Daisy not to hit him back. Will Daisy pray for James to-night? No. She will pull the slats from his bed, so he will fall and break his arm on the floor. That will be right, will it not, children ? IV. Has the printer tobacco? He has but he will not tell you so. He carries it in the leg of his boot and when he wants a chew he sneaks down the back alley where nobody can see him. When he spits tobacco, it sounds like a duck diving in tie water. The printer is a queer man. He is a fickle person. sometimes he has ten th usands Ems on the String, but they are always his lupes. If you area printer do not be a blacksmith or you will get fired. v. This is a boil. It is on the man's neck. Would you like to feel it? If you do, the man will ft el it, too. The boil is a mean thing, and it is a cow ard. If you strike it. it will run. Bat the man will not run. He will dance and make remarks. Boils may start way down near a little boy s waist band. But they always come to a head at last. VL The stove is red hot. Run, Ella, and get the caster and put some red pepper on the stove. Then when mamma comes in, she will be red hot, too. vn. See the fish. The fish is a trout and breathes through his ears. He lives in the brook and maybe if you try you can catch him. Any little boy who catches so many measles ought to be able to catch one little fish. The trout weighs four ounces, but you can say he weighs four puunds. Do not call him a speckled beauty or you will be shot. Eat him head, tail, inwards and all, and get a little bone in your throat if you can. VIII. The apple is in the basket. A worm is in the apple. It is & juicy little white worm. Suppose you eat the ap ple, where will the worm be? IX. Here we have a picnic. Is it not jolly ? The children are running around arid plaing tag. But where is the custard pier A moment ago it was under the elm tree. Can it be that Mr. Jones is sitting on the custard pie? Alas, it is too true. And Miss Smith is laughing at him. He looks as badly broken up as the pie, does he not f X. Btby and I In the weary night Are taking a walk for bis delight; l drowsily stumble o'er stool and chair. And clasp the babe wltn a grim despair, For o's ((ot the colic Ami paregoric Don't Beeui to ease my squealing heir. B iby and I in the morning gray re griping nni squalling and walking away uh uitra gout out ami i nearly rreeze there's a smell of peppermint on the breeze. The mamma wakes And hahv Laktwi And says "Now cook the breakfast, please." XI. This is a diamond nin. The edit .r won it at a church fu.it- Tim ra uroro ten chances at ten cents a chance.The ed itor mortgaged his paper and took one chance. The pin is worth seven hun dred dollars. Editors like diamonds. Sometimes they wear them in their snirts, out generally in then minds. xn. Who put the salt in the sugar-bowl ? Mamma is anxious to find out. Willie is busy looking out of the window. Can you guess what he is thinking about ? Perhaps he is wondering what mamma will give him before he goes to bed without his supper. If we were Willie, we would feel safer with a latin grammar in the seat of our pants. XIII. Can you see the ink bottle on the fa ble? It is full of nice black ink. If you want to, you cm pour the ink out on the carpet. It makes the carpet look black, too, does it not? Sit down on the carpet and put both of yout lit tle paddies in the ink. See, your fin gers are c ivered with the inkl What a nice picture you can make on the wall paper now. Make a picture of a big mau and a little girl. Do you want to put mme ink on the lace curtain? Very well. Put it on carefully, for you should never waste the ink or any thing else. This will be quite a sur prise to mamma when she comes in. MICH., FRIDAY, DECEMBER 23, 1881. xiv. Who is this ferocious looking man ? He is foreman in a printing office ? He gets paid for throwing men downstairs when they come to lick the editor, and for putting wrong dates at the head of the paper. He can pi more type in lit teen minutes than seven printers can set up in two weeks. He loves to ask the editor for copy. If it were not for him the paper would look pretty well every morning. Everything would be fat and none of the live ads would be left out. XV. The dramatic critic is asleep. The play does not interest him. He will give it thunder in his paper. The act ore will be sorry when they read the papers because it will say they are not artists. After the plav the critic will go to the variety show. Will he sleep there? No, he will not. Tbe lady in the short dress and pink tights will buy six copies of the paper in the morning because the critic will say she is an artist. It is very comfortable to be an artist when there are critics in the neighborhood. XVI. A hungry cat A foolish rat. Ferocious jaws Remorseless claws. A lively run A dying squeal Exciting fun. A hearty meal. Alas, poor rat! O happy cat! XVII. The frog is sitting on the log. He is waiting for a fly to come along. He has business with the fly. While he is waiting let us have some fun with him. Put a lighted (ire-cracker in his mouth. Where is the frog now i Why, there he is in the water with his ears blown out. Why does he not come back to the log? Perhaps he has forgotten all about the ily. xvin. Mamma has gone out of the room and left lit le Maggie in bed all alone. The gas is burning and Maggie cannot go to sleep. What shall she do ? She should crawl out of bed, go to the bu reau and blow out the gas. Then she can go to sleep like a good little girl. That is what you would do, is it not, dear little children ? XIX. What a delightful mud hole! It is quite deep and inviting. How cool and pleasant it must be in the mud hole. Good little boys and girls can play in the mud hole and make lots of nice patty cakes. Tell the baby to come, too, and then you can put mud in his ears and he will splash the black water all over Susie's new frock. xx. Here we have a joke and a man. The joke is very old. It is bald and tooth less. It must be about one thousand years old. The man wears a big dia mond and a shiny plug hat. He is a negro minstrel. Go and give the old, old joke to him and he will take careoi it very tenderly. It is his business. He gets forty dollars a week lor it. Den ver Tribune. The New paper as a Teacher. Rev. Dr. Bellows, in his Thanksgiv ing sermon, said the newspaper the universal literature of the people is itself becoming a library of knowledge and art. No man could read habitually even one of our chief newspapers with out an immense opening ot his horizon of thought, a great quickening of his intellect, and a substantial relation with the thought and feeling of the whole world. The difference between a man who can read well enough to enjoy his newspaper and tbe man who cannot is hardly to be estimated. 1 suppose our newspaper education is the most influential or ail in this country. But it depends for its existence and improvement on the preparation foi its use and enjoyment made in our com mon schools. It rises in tone, spreads in intellectual breadth and increases in moral purity as the reading class be roines more numerous and varied. 1 is a great mistake to speak lightly oi newspapers. The press, I think, has a somewhat romantic and exaggerated idea of its supremacy in creating or leading public opinion, but in its general educating influence, its stimulus for thought, it has a certain tendency to create a taste for bette,; reading than it can itself supply. I do not believe it is easy to overrate its nationnl importance Our schools are improving, and they have made considerable progress within the last generation ; chiefly in the it tention which has been given to teach ing as an art. It has ben found om that teaching is an art and must be made a profession, and that a wreat economy of time and money is secured by creating schools for teachers. What has been thus discovered in regard to secular teaching will ultimately have to be learned in regard to religious teaching. Indeed, blundering ittempts in this direction already very largely exist ; but as they are usually based upon erroneous or mistaken ideas of religion, they lack the highest advan tages of definite instruction. The aim at system is good, but the system ap plied is usually poor. We shall have U suffer for a long time, in both secular and religious education in this country, the consequences of the necessary in surrectiou made here against the op pressiveness of scholastic theology aud classical training. A son was born to Baron von Steu ben, Thursday. He was named after the American Secretary of State. Be ing tiossihly too young for tbe prefix "von," he probably, as yet, to use Ger man English, "vhs only Blaine Steu ben." Utioa Herald. Congress. Thus far, business in Congress can hardly be said to have begun, the House committees not having yet been announced. The brief meetings of the twe branches have, however, served to indicate that the first session ef the 47th Congress is to be a busy one. Some 800 bills and notices of bills were introduced during the first week, and though most of these were for private relief, and should not occupy the at tention of congress at all (being proper matters for the Court of Claims) there are others winch are. important and call for prompt action. Among these is the biil introduced by Mr. Willets of Michigan, to reorganize the govern ment of Utah Territory, drawn, as is sta ed, to meet the views of Presiaent Arthur. The bill makes Utah an ex ception to the system generally follow ed in the government of territories, but it does not exceed the constitutional power and right of the government, and the couree it presciibes is clearly demanded, if Utah is to be made to re spect the laws of tbe United States in regard to the practice of polygamy. It simply puts the affairs of Utah in the handr of a Governor and Legislative council of nine members, all appointed by the President. As a territory is en titled by the constitution,to such form of government only as Congress is pleased to give it. And as the people of Utah set at defiance the laws of the land, as well as the laws of decency and modes ty, it is proper, if not necessary, that they be made an exception to the gen eral rule, so far as regards the privileges of self-government. It is said that the provisions of the bill received the ap probation of the late President, to whom they were submitted previous to his assassination. Besides this, Mr. Wil- lits will submit other bilis, introduced oy him to the 46th Congress and which were referred to the judiciary commit tee, on which no report was made. The first relates "to the crime of bigamv and proof thereof." The second is "to ptovide for challenges and oaths to jur ors in trials for bigamy and polygamy in the Territories or the United States. Ihe purpose of the third bill may be inferred from its title, which is "a bill to further regulate suffrage in the Ter ritories of tne United States, and to fix certain qualifications for office, and to provide for the registration of voters in the Territory of Utah. "Tariff Reform" has received no lit tle attention in the Senate. It is pro posed to form a commission to consider the subject, and the discussion has thus far been directed to its persouel, sena tor Morril being in favor of making it up outside of Congress, and Senators Beck and Garland antagonizing that plan, on the ground that after the sub ject shall have been examined by such a commission, the committees of Con gress must again summon experts aud go over the same course of examina tion again before action can be taken. Other subjects of importance in re lation to which bills have been intro luced or speeches made, and which will claim the attention of Congress, are the different 3-perceut. refunding bills, one by Mr. Shermati and one by Mr. Ran dall, and also a proposed amendment to the constitution, guaranteeing presi dential succession in case of the presi dent's death. Public Building in Detroit. Mr. Lord, member of Congress from ihe first district, has introduced a bill for the erection of a public building in Detroit, the text of which is as fol lows: Section 1. Be it enacted, etc., that the secretary of the treasury be and is hereby authorized and directed to pur chase at private sale, or by condemna tion in pursuance of the statute of Michigan, a suitable lot of land in the city of Detroit, and cause to be erected on the grourds so purchased a t mid ing suitable for the accomodation of the courts of the United States, of the custom house, postotfice. pension office, and the other government offices in that city; and for the purpose herein mentioned the sum of $750,000 is here y appropriated, to We expended under the direction of the secretary of the treasury. Provided, that no money ap propriated for this purpose shall oe ivailable until a valid title shall be vested in the United States, nor until the state of Michigan shall cede its ju risdiction over the same, and relinquish the right to tax or assess the same while the United States shall be the owners thereof; and the site shall be if sufficient extent to leave an open space on all sides of the building to )e erected, including streets aud alleys, ot at least 50 feet. Sko. 2. That the secretary of the treasury be authorized and directed to sell at public or private sale, at such time before or during the erection ol the building provided for in the pro ceeding section as he shall deem best, the property in the city of Detroit now owned by the United States and occu pied by the United States courts, the custom house, 1 1 1 postotfice and other offices of the United States, reserving the use of the same tor the purposes of the several offices aforesaid, until the building provided for in the preced ing section snail be completed and ready for use; and the money received, resulting from such sale, shall be ap propriated for the purposes set forth in the preceding section, and in addi tion to the amount therein appropria ted. The State Grange. On Thursday evening a public meet trig was held in conjunction with the Michigan state wool-growers' asisocia tion. Hon. Oi J. Luce, worthy master NO. 32. of the Michigan state frranire. nresided. and President C. M. Fellows of the wool-growers's association occupied a position at his side. The exercise open ed with music by the choir.which gave many choice and spirited selections with good effect. W. M. Luce gave an address of welcome to the guests of the evening wnich was responded to by the Hon. William Ball of Livingston coun ty. 1 1 nam fchipman of Eaton county then addressed the meeting upon the leasioiuty oi washing sheep. Hon William Chamberlain followed, oppos ing tne practice. A. C. Glidden of Van Buren and P. D. Edmonds of Jackson, H. T. F. Moore of Lenawee and Pr CL M. Fellows of Washtenaw followed with brief addresses. Mrs. Mattie Bridge, from Florida, beinur nresent. was called out and made some excel lent remarks upon the monotonous lif oi women upon the farm. Hon. J. J. Woodman folio ved showing that th grange wan endeavoring to relieve wo man from this tedium. Hon. Henry Chamberlain and Alonson Sessions fol lowed, and the exercises dosed with music. A Pomona degree meeting was ubmu later ana lasted until lip. m. On Friday the grange was nrincirjallv oc cupied in hearing and considering re ports, many of which called out lenirthv discussions, especially the ones on pat ent, ngnts and agriculture. Compli mentary resolutions were adopted to Mr. and Mrs. Whitnev. about to leave the state, as follows: Wberea, Our much lo?ed and respected sis ir, G. L. Wuituey, who has been bo loDg and 10 actively iiMSKCiatci wnh nil 1 n mir urAar la ;lbOUt to leave US: WhnHM iiihhmiicm haa rhttruH aud eucouraged us, not only as a state organi sation, uui wuose icnueuce has been felt di rectly aud 1 11(1 1 I'm ! I V in AVArv anhnrri.nata grange in our own state and also In o.her who wis so wisely, amy aua well been tbe "other half' at Im flint, tha irHnnn. An ties of our respected lecturer, Bro. Wbitney, night hare his full and almost undivided at ten i ion, be it Unsolved. That WA extend tn nnr vnrlhv aia- ter our sincere thanks for the zeal, energy and uuuuug mnov mai nave ciiaracienzed hr as a member of our order and we desire that wherever her Hues may fall it may be iu ulasant nlnces. sni-mnmied hv i. n..,. friends, .ml mav her life-work he owned aud uet-sMu or uoa. MBS. 0 M. SIKES. Van Buren. MRS. FEftftY 4Y0, Cohoun. MBS. EUitENE CAMPBELL, Huron. Mrs. Perry Mavo gave a verv heartv and complimentary support to the above in some well cho:en remarks. The committee n mileage and per iem reported and the treasurer attend ed to paying the expenses of the ses sion. South American Diplomacy. Mr. Blaiue completes the history of the recent action of the State Depart ment in regard to the contest between Chili and Peru, by giving to the public his letters to Ministers Hurlbut and K Ipatrick, written afier the contradic tory performances of those gentlemen became Known in Washington. These letters make still plainer the fact, clear ly shown by the letters of instruction furnished the two Ministers when they sailed for their respective posts of duty last summer, that no sooflict in their action was contemplated as possible, and that they were expected to forward a satisfactory settlement of the quarrel between tne two liepublics without hurting the feelings or alienating the friendship or eitner. Their indiscreet utterances and acts were evidently due io their utter lack of fitness for ti.e business of diplomacy. Both ministers receive sharp repri mands. The death of Gen. Kilpatrick was of course, not known at the time the letter to him was written, but its publication is essential to a knowledge of the view taken by the State Depart ment or his couree, which was parti san to excess, and calculated to make the Chilians think the United States did not know its own mind or was dis honestly ready to blow hot and cold upon the same question from its mouth piece at Lima and Santiago. General (iurlburt is censured for everything he has done since he set foot in Peru, lie is told that he had no business an swering Pierola, because he was ao .red i led to Calderoii and had nothing to do with a rival government ; that he had no right to carry on diplomatic correspondence with Admiral Lynch, t he Chilian commander, because he was Minister to Peru and not to Chili ; that he seriously misrepresented the attitude of the United States by quoting a part of his instructions only, and omitting the portion which contemplated a ces sion of territory as a possible necessary result of the war ; that bis intimation that he was accredited to Calderon be cause Caldt ron would not consent to a ression of territory was a gross blunder; that his telegram to the American Minister to the Argentine Republic suggesting that that Republic send a Minister to Peru was an inexcusable error, from the fact that it bad the ap pearance of seeking to form a combina tion ho it i le to Chili ; aud that his nego iations for a naval station in Peru were inopportune and calculated to in crease Chilian distrust. A longer list of grave mistakes was, we imagine, never laid at the door of a Minister of less than six months' ser vice. In fact, everything General Hurl but h s done in Peru seems to be a blunder. We should be tempted to ask why he stays at Lima if we were not informed by Mr. Blaine's letter that his functions are practically suspended and placed in the hands of the special diplomatic commission now on its way to Pern and Chill N. Y. Tribune. A Northern paper speaks of a young farmer who "run rapidly through his property." His property was an open lot. He wore a red shirt, and a crank hull was in the wake of the young farmer. N. O. Picayune. ILeadlPoiaoning . SH W. H."' Smith, M. D., of St. Clair, Mich., contributes the following to the current number of Bctmm ami Health. published at Lewisburgh, Pa,: ''Lead is n ot i he in Ht u icful and t he s ttne t me iii st d ng i met als. "Among the phenomena canst d by t lis poison, lead colic is thn most com mon. Following, or even preceding this, may be palsy and especially that form of ptralysis known as drop wrist; at times there are indications of brain disorders, epileptic seizures, convul sions, general tremor, and delirium or stupor. Often the nervous manifesto tions appear in the form of neuralgic pains in the various parts of the body, or sight may be affected, causyig hal lucinations of vision and amaurosis. "What are the ways in which this agent gains ingress into the system? They are, first of all, inhalation. In this way painters, plumbers, and work ers in lead or lead-paints become af fected. Secondly, the stomach and skin furnish avenues for the entrance of the poison, and owing to the absorb tive power of the latter, cosmetics and hair dyes, containing the metal, have often produced deleterious effects. In the Physician and Surgeon for April, 18S1. is reported the case of a woman poisoned by tbe use of a certain pow der upon her fce called ' flake white." In a similar manner the majority of hair dyes and hair restorers are capable of doing harm. Of twenty-one exam ined by Mr. Benjamin, a New York chemist, two years ago, fifteen contain ed lead and were hence capable of pro ducing poison. In the spring of 1886 in Orange Co., New York, there occurred 213 cases of lead poisoning. For a long time the ource of the poison remained obscure. Finally, it was ascertained that the stones used In grinding the meal for ihe effected families were dm and in teed of reptir. The unlit r, nttt sus pecting the danger, when a cavity oc- urred, filled it with lead as a mere matter of convenience. The attrition of grinding wore off particles uf the metal, and thus contaminated a large nor tion of the meal used in that local ity. 'The use of lad water pipes is an other source of danger. In many houses and in cities supplied with wa ter from reservoirs the conduit pipes ire generally made of this material, rhe water containing as it does oxy gen, would, in passing, dissolve tbe ox ide of lead and thus become hurtful. If, however, carbonates or sulphates are present, they will nite with the lead, forming a thin white insoluble film over its inner surface and thus prevent any farther decomposition. On the other hand, the presence of the chlorides and nitrates adds to the cor- rooive power of water and increases the danger. A knowledge, then, of the earthly ingredients present in water is of inestimable value in enabling one to decide as to the safety of using lead pipes in its conveyance. In the ab sence of such knowledge, it is an ex cellent rule to always allow the faucet to remain open sufficiently long to re move all matter that has been for some ime in the pipes before using the wa ter. "Poisoning may also be induced by ndnlging in snuff or tobacco which has bren wrapped in tin-foil, by using earthen-ware glazed with material con taining lead, by inhaling the odor of a freshly-painted room, by ships' cooks standing in naked feet before the gal ley tire upon a sheet of lead, by the va por discharged during the manufacture t lucifer matches. The writer has personally known a hunter, a patient if his, whose system was contaminated by holding shot in his mouth prior to ading his gun. The Student's Story. A knot of young doctors were gath- ed in a pleasant p trior on L avenue, and the conversation turned upon in temperance, that prolific cause of dis ease and pauperism. "fcveral years ago, before I thought tf studying for a profession," said Dr. , "I was engaged in a wholesale establishment on F street. Among the salesmen was a South- em gentleman, one of the F. F. Vs, el egant, accomplished, generous, a truly n ble fellow. He used to wear a dia mond ring of great value and a splen- d d diamond in his shirt-bosom, of vi Inch he was, very naturally, a little proud. To this princely young Southerner the Southern trade, which was very h TV. was turned over entirely. The 8 u them merchants weie convivial f Howb, and the social glass parsed q lite too frequently for safety. "Soon R began to wear a seedy li ok, and after a little he came in one d ty without his diamonds. ."What have you done with thBm?' I auked in surprise. 'Hung them up down to wn,' he aid. Theu L Knew the pauubr.k r led i hem. Af er this he went do v n fast, i ill a sen later, when he had been dis charged from his siluatioti, I met him iu a saloon, white aud haggard as a host, his hair matted, his clothes' tat tered, a disgufting wreck. 'Lnd me ten dollars for God's sake, P he said. 'I haven't tasted food for three dajs.' I asked him to go with me to dinner; but no, he must have a drink. At last I gave him some money, when he immediately b night a glass of brandy aud ui auk it do mi at a draught. " there goes a nail in your coffi i,' I said to him; and. Aiding all remon strance useless, 1 left linn, aud have never seen him since, lie is dtMtbtli sh uead long ago, but he was a noble fel low before drink got the mastery." Aud the saddest thought of all is, that the for thousands slain year y by the drink demon no memory is fondly cherished. The soldiers who I all fight ing for their country live in the hearts of a grateful nation, which each year delights to decorate their graven with beautiful flowers. What flowers would be iii ting to deck the drunkard's grave? The most profitable way to raise beef cattle is to keep them constantly in a thrifty and improving condition. It is not necessary to keep very young stock rolling in fat, but there should always be an abundance of nutritious food to help nature in its development. To allow stock to run down in flesh and become ill-conditioned, simply be cause it is not designed for market for some time, is the height of folly. Some boys set up a straw man near some bee hives in Vermont and then threw stones at the bees. The insects tried to make it lively for the old suit of clothes, and after an hour's hard work detected the c) eat and swarmed from the neighborhood in disgust.