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LA.8 r SUMMER'S DRESSES.
' d'rMw? lhrK my last summer's Aud tltt?Ul " 'oslug-out day," TI,erKQd mw 10 " dollies, I say. tutted1"' Wrn ani1 ,K11' out MUl1 Wj tlm bed aud the chair aud Uis door, i t uuU. nuhw raXUhly battered. lhrfc8 my White laoe, mill covered with Mvora Oont a Tortune and turned out a lraud; "Ut I woi h It I l.i.i nlirhl i.i Mi.- TVuvhih' When I danced with the swell from abroad Here's a nun'i oloth, made up rather plain auu ihis old muslin. lookliiK o laueu, And with Huch au mui'iv- blic stain. J rewesnbar the laid time I wore it. At that plunto where we caught trout, Aud I caught ou a thorn bush and lore It, And of course all the shirring came out; Aud to duiHh the wreca more completely, Tom McCrary, the blundering old dear, MuHiueedtt upset hi berrleH discreetly The avalanche struck me him here. Poor Tom! Iii far-off Colorado, He'sal ig uncgullj ui ditch; Hut it never wiliove El Dorado Tom Un't the kind to get rich. Aud should he return, dear old fellow, With hlH limited lucome InoreaMed, I'm certain I'd be sere and yellow, Aud he would be forty at ium. li 1h Hilly, I know, to remember, But Home 1 1 mil - Iii - are no loth to g. Yet I'll be twenty-three next Buptembo. . And aglrl can t wait always, you kuow. Well, life 1h peculiar and puKidlng, And I don't find much game lu the hum , rni I always shall keep that blue uiuhIIu With the HlrHwbeny slain down the front Htirpei-'a Hav.ar . WHAT 18 HOSPITALITY? HE FORK THE PARTY. 'There. 1 believe old Mrs. Peck ham 'g HUM completes the number! William, my dear, will you please listen to this list of invitations, and see if 1 have omitted auy one to whom we are in debted? The poor fathor-of-the-faini-ly, thus addressed, meekly laid by his spectacles aud paper and prepared to submit to the inevitable. It was a way Mrs. Barnes had of planning with her daughter Alice some expensive indulgence, and, when too la'te to be recalled, springing the sub ject upon her husband in au easy matter-of-course way, which left him no alternative but a half unwilling con sent. 'Why, you see, my dear,' she went ou in answer to his questions of surprise, 'we haven't had a large company in over a year, and we are real'y under obligations to all these people fifty eight 1 make in all.' 'I do detest large companies,' began Mr. Karnes. 'I'm sure you cannotdread this tiling any more than 1 do,' put in Mrs. B., 'and all the work and care to come Up on me, too; but it is not so bad as a number of small gatherings, just as it is better to have several doomed teeth all extracted at once, rather than to keep dreading them.' 'What would these people say if they knew mother compared their entertain ment to pulliug teeth!' this from Alice, in au aside to brother Fred; but that young gentleman, who had been to college, assured her that it was the way with the world; they all felt just so.' 'Well, we must at least study sim plicity in our arrangements, and that will ease both your labor and my pock-et-book,' said Mr. liarnes. '.Sure enough, let's institute a ne,w departure, as Julia Dorr did in Rutland,' assented Fred. 'She just had a dainty bit of cream and fruit, or something, and lots of fellows went home Hungry, not relishing the 'feast of reason and flow of soul.' ' 'That is very well for literary people whose houses are full of objects of in terest,' said his mother 'And who have other ways of entertaining people than through their stomachs,' whisper ed naughty Alice 'but we must have au elegant supper, or we will give up the party. Of course we must have oysters and several cold meats, besides ices, ice-cream, fruits, coffee and choco late. We will pinch somewhere else to make up; leave that to me, William.' And the lady went on complacently reading her list. 'Dr. and Mrs. Bollins; you recollect we were invited to their daughter's wedding. Mr. and Mrs. Cross' silver wedding.' 'Both which 'obligations' cost us a pretty little sum for presents to people we don't care a thing about,' said Mr. Barnes, bitterly. 'Mary, if you ever hear me say a word about our having a metal wedding, know at once that I am either crazy or in my dotage. When we get so low as to invite people to give us presents, I will go round wit h a sub scription paper, but I will never get up the modern farce of a silver or golden wedding.' 'Then here are the Livingstones,' pursued the lady, 'who have just come to town, but real 'quality' people, whom it is best to place under obligations to us; and Squire Harding' 'Who invited me to his breakfast, be cause lie wanted my vote,' put in pater familias, unpleasantly. 'But it's all right, my dear, all right, I suppose, only one cannot help wondering what the Saviour meant, when he said: 'When thou makest a dinner or a supper, call not thy friends nor thy brethren, neither thy kinsmen nor thy rich neighbors, lest they also bid thee again, and a re compense be made thee.' Probably that will all 1 changed in the new translation,' said Alice, who was disposed to be a bit cynical, like her father, and to see through the ven eering of society shams. Let us peas lightly over the dreadful days of preparation; the turning upside-down of the. house from top to bottofl, the polishing of silver, the Im portation of crockery and extra help(?), and the endless cooking, cooking, for the Barnes family could uot afford to order their supper from the local Del tnonieo's. Ho the younger children stoned raisins and beat eggs, and enjoy ed immensely the confusion and gener al air ot something coming; and the family subsisted upon outside slices of roasts, unfortunate biscuits and test pieces of cake. Some things went wrong, of course, and had to be done over, ami there was hurry and terrible anxiety for Mrs. Barnes, who. I am sorry to say, lost her temper several times, and developed unknown powers of scolding. But everything was whisk ed into line at the very last moment, and the poor lady with a racking head ache was trying to get dressed and corrt H)sed, when somebody announced the first erri age. 'How dreadfully early some people do com. Here, Alice, help me on with this laoe quick, I hoped to have a moiueut te breath.' The Owosso Times VOL. III. 'Mamma, these new boots hurt me awfully,' groaned little May, an uncom fortable shild, who had not yet learned tb ways of the world. 'I would rath er wear my old oues.' 'No, no, never mind if they do hurt a little, they are lovely, so slim aud aud high, and such a perfect match for your dress.' And so the poor child stood iu simple misery all the evening, taking her first lesson in the ways of the world- AT THE PARTY. 'Good evening, my dear Mrs. ltollins. how kind of you to come early; we shall have time for a real little visit be fore there are other arrivals.' Mrs. Barnes had a headache; per haps she had forgotten what she said upstairs. Hut why describe the usual routine of hollow compliment, of pretty nothings, of flattest platitudes w'lich make up the conversation of such a gathering. Of course the guests dis cussed the tlowers, the few pictures, the music, the supper, each others' dresses and the minister. O, much en during clergy, what would society do without you. and the weather f The supper was really good, and that con stituted the eutertainment' mostly. There was some soulless music, for Miss Alice played the piano a little of course, alloung ladies must, whether they have any music in their souls or not. The geutlemen smoked after supper, but that was done one side somewhere, as questionable things usually are. About midnight the last guest had vanished into the darkness, each one saying in due form with his good night: A delightful evening, Mrs. Barnes, your companies are always so chanti ng! AFTER THE PARTY. Remarks like these in the going-home carriages : 'Such a stupid affair ! Why will people like the Barneses try to ape gentility, and give fashionable parties when they don t know how r 'Why, indeed ! Everything was stiff as a poker, and what a supper ! Such vulgar profusion in everything, and so little silver or table ornaments.' 'Did vou notice the spoons were plat ed, and half of them borrowed, I do believe. As for me, I wouldn't have a party if I couldn't have the largest sized napkins." 'Well, we must at least give Mrs. Barnes the credit of being a most charming hostess. I think she thor oughly enjoyed seeing her friends ; but her husband must be a great trial to her, he is so distant and ungracious.' Meanwhile, in the confusion of the vacant rooms, the 'genial hostess' had thrown herself wearily into a chair, ex claiming : 'I am almost dead. Well, there's one consolation, our guests" all seemed to enjoy it, if we did not. 1 eeeivcd a great many compliments tor the supper, and the entertainment gen erally ; and we shan't have to endure this affliction again for one while, I hope.' 'Why ever again, my dearr urged Mr. Barnes, gently. 'Why need we ac cept invitations we do not care to re turn? Why can we not hereaiter invite our friends, and people whom we wish especially to make happy, iu small companies, which will not tire you to death in preparation. I thoroughly enjoy receiving our friends in our home, but how can anybody enjoy such a farce as this, with hollowness on both sides. Why, I felt guilty and mean all the evening. It does seem as if that were the bet ter way,' assented the wife absently, thinking how she could get breakfast out of that mass of confusion in the kitchen ; 'but then, socUty, you know.' A few more days of hard work brought back the usual order and quiet of the family ; it seemed like a calm following a small earthquake. But the bills began to come in. They looked large, placed over against the small family income. The father tmd mother were talking them over one night after the children were in bed. They must le provided for by 'pinching' some where else, as Mrs. Barnes had said. She was ready with her devices. 'We all need new flannels this winter,' she said ; :the old ones are very thin, but they must be made todowith patching. Then we must do without beefsteak and oysters as often as usual ; these articles are expensive, you know.' 'It might be considered doubtful economy to dispense with warm cloth ing and nourishing food,' said Mr. Barnes with a shake of the head. 'Then there is the money you give a way to benevolent objects one tenth, you know,' resumed the lady doubtful ly 'couldn't you take from that a lit tle?' 'Not one cent from tfuit, my dear. The party was selfishness, not chari ty.' So the matter was compromised on flannels and beefsteak, and in another way which I am afraid they would not like me to mention. Not that they ex actly planned it so, but the next sum mer it came about in this wise. Mr. Barnes took no vacation, but stayed in the city and worked hard all the hot, long season. Fred was luckily invited to the home of a college friend. Mrs. Barnes rememlered a cousin of hers, who lived comfortably in a country home, not expensively far from the city, whom she had not seen in twenty years, and whom she really might to Vint. So with Alice and the two little ones she gave to this 'dear friend' the weeks usually spent in boarding at the mountains or seaside. Cousin Clarissa did her own work, and got rather tired, I fear, but then it was a wonderful saving, and the party had to be paid for. If I had been writing a fable UN stead of a fact, I would put at the bot tom this little moral : We all wear masks. Things are not always trailed by their right uaiues. There is still OWOSSO, much slavery in the world, much ool n nli try svrvitiuk. We are all slaves to burdensome social customs, whose yoke we abhor, but dare not throw off. The Speeri ot the Wing. A writer in Frazier's Magazine says The speed at which some wings are driven is enormous. It is occasionally so great as to emit a drumming sound. To this source the buzz, of the riy, the drone of the bee, and the boom of the beetle me to be referred. When a grouse, partridge, or pheasant suddenly springs into the air, the sound produced by the whirring of its wings greatly resembles that produced by the contact of steel with the rapidly revolving stoiu of the knife grinder. It has been estimated that the common lly moves its wings 380 times per sec ond, i. e 19,800 times per minute, and that the butterfly moves its wings nine times per second, or 540 times per min ute. These movements represent an iucredibly high speed even at the roots of the wings, but the speed is enor mously increased at the ips of the wings, from the fact that the tips ro tate upon the roots as centers, in re ality, and as it has been already indi cated, the speed at the tips of the wings increases iu proportion as the tips are removed from the axis of rotation, ;itid in proportion as the wings are long. This is explained on the principle well understood in mechanics. If' a rod or wing hinged at one point be made to vibrate, the free end of the rod or wing always passes through a very much greater space in a given time than the part nearer to the root of the wing. The progressive increase in the spread of the wings, in proportion as the wings become larger, explains why the wings of bats and birds are not driven at the extravagant speed of insect wings, and how the large and long wings of bats and birds are driven more leisurely than the small and short wings of small bats aud birds. That the wing is driven more slowly in proportion to its length Is proved by experiment, and by observing the flight of large and small birds of the same genus. Thus, large gullsrlap their wings much more slowly than small gulls; the configura tion and relative size of the wings to the body being the same in both. This is a hopeful feature in the construction of flying machines, as there can be no doubt that comparatively very slow movements will suffice for driving the long, powerful wings required to ele vate and propel flying machines. Tin? speed of the wings is partly regulated by its amplitude. Thus, if the wing be broad as well as long, the beats are necessarily reduced in frequency. This is especially true of the heron, which is one of the most picturesque, and at the same time one of the slowest flying birds we have. I have timed the heron on several occasions, and find that iu ordinary flights its wings make exactly sixty up strokes and ibcty down strokes that is, 120 beats rer minute. In the pterodactyl, the great extinct Sau rian, the wing was enormously elong ated, aud in this particular instance probably from fifty to sixty beats of the wing per minute suhlced for flight. Fifty or sixty pulsations of the wing per minute do not involve much wear and tear of the working parts, and I am strongly of opinion that artificial flight, if once achieved, will become a enmparatively safe means of locomo tion, as far its the machinery required is concerned. The Dominion of Canada has done a neighborly thing which, at least, the Fostottice Department in this country will appreciate, and will put an end to the clever evasions through which money has been saved by certain pub lishers on this side of the boundary line. The pestal laws of Canada, (if we may be so unpatriotic as to say it) are more liberal than ours, and publish ers of bulky trade publications especial ly, have been in the habit of sending tons of matter, printed here, to Canada, whence it was sent by post back to the United States at-lower rates than it could be distributed when mailed here. Thus the publishers have kept out of the hands of our postal author ities many just spoils, aud have taken a mean advantage of Canadian liberal ity. This practice is now to be stopped, and certain advertising sheets and other printed matter published here, or pur porting to be published here, and to be circulated in the United States, are to charged a rate equivalent to the domes tic postage imposed under our law. Farm Labor. A late report by ftng lish commissioners on American farm ing, says : "The farm laborer can hard ly be said to exist as a distinct class in the United States, unless it be among the colored people in the Middle and Southern states. In the large farms of the west the bothy system is carried out, and buildings are put up in which the summer men mess and sleep. In winter they are off to the towns and cities, and it is seldom the same faces are seen two years running on the fat m. It should be remarked that though wages may appear high, the hours of labor from spring to autumn are long, and winter is a period of almost com plete cessation from work for man and beast on the American farm. The very few laborers that are required upon a great wheat -growing farrtr in America during the winter mouths is surprising. In one instance we were told that only two men were kept upon 5,000 acres. When the longer days and the harder work of the American laborer, together with his being employed when he is wanted, are taken into account, the an nual cost of laltor per acre is much less than the aiuouut paid iu England." MICH., FRIDAY. MARCH 24, 1882, TH E FA KM. The Hot-Bed. We have urged from year to year up on all who wish to have early vege tables, the great importance of a hot bed. Market gardeners find it an ab solute necessity, as it is indispensable to all who do uot wait upon the slow revolution of the seasons. Even a very small garden may be greatly increased iu value by making use of it, inasmuch as from one to two months may be gained in time, in producing early veg etables. We have more than once pub lished directions for constructing a hot ted at small cost aud at little trouble These directions may be in the bands of our readers, but we renew them by publishing the following from the New England Farmer. PREPARATION. The first thing to do in the spring is to get a quantity of horse manure ready for use. Manure from grain fed horses is best, because it will heat more read ily. The manure from a horse fed ex clusively upon bog hay or dead straw, would make poor material for heating the soil of a hot-bed. Having secured the manure, it must be forked over to let in the air, for plenty of air is neces sary to any kind of fermentation. Throw it into a high heap, leaving it as light as possible. When it begins to warm up in the middle, which may be learned by thrusting in a smail,smooth stick, it should be shovelled over again, to bring the outside and bottom into a fermenting state. Repeat the throw ing over till the whole pile is thorough ly warmed through. Plenty of straw bedding or forest leaves mixed with the manure in the pile, will help to keep the heat constant and uniform. By the time the manure is thoroughly warm, the location of the bed should be made ready. In selecting a location it is well to take advantage of a wood ed hill, some building, or a high board fence at the northern side to break the wind. It is quite common to build a tight board fence about six feet high, as a special protection from cold and wind. Sometimes the fence has shut ter's attached which can be let down over the beds or turned up and fasten ed back when not in use. CONSTRircLION. Hot-beds may be made upon a large pile of warm manure, placed on the surface of the ground, or pits may be dug for receiving the manure. In wet locations the former method is to be preferred, as standing water will put out the lire in a pile of heating manure just as effectually as it will put out other fires. 11 the locatron is a dry one, as where the soil is sandy with a loose, porous subsoil, it will be better to dig a pit for the manure, lu either case the manure must extend in all direc tions several inches beyond the frame that is used, otherwise there will be very little heat at the edges of the bed. Having dug the pit of sufficient depth, the manure being alive with heat, is to be carted and thrown in, a forkful at a time, keeping it as level as possible. It will not do to tread the manure very hard as the heat would be too much checked, but it should be pressed down slightly oy the fork, and a light person may walk once around on the edges. The middle will settle solid enough when the soil is put on in which the plants are to grow. The depth of the man ure iu the pit will depend upon the season of the year and how long the heat will be wanted. A thick bed will hold heat longer than a shallow one, so the earlier the bed is made in spring the deeper must the manure be laid. Two feet of manure is not too much if the bed is started the last of February or first of March. Later iu April, frames are placed over a foot of manure in beds made for set ting out plants that require checking or more Bpace lor development. Hav ing tilled the pit with manure to the desired depth, put the frame in place over the manure: The frame may be a cheap affair of inch boards for a late bed, but arr early one would be better protected by a plank frame and with the earth banked up Against it on all sides. The frame should have square corners, and must be the right size to receive the sashes. Sashes are usually about three feet by six feet, with lap ped glass laid to shed water. After building the frame, which should be a few inches deeper at the rear side, in order to give enough pitch to .the sashes to turn off the water from rains or melting snow, the soil to plant in should be evenly spread over the bed to the depth of live or six inches. The sod should be prepared the fall pre vious, and must be kept in a dry place under cover till needed for use. The soil must have a large proportion of sand intimately mixed through it. This is to prevent puddling and baking un der the use of the watering pot. Good garden loam, old hot-bed ma nure, and sand in about equal propor tions, will make a rich, mellow soil for receiving the seeds. It will be all the better if it has been freed from weed seeds by sprouting them Ifl the soil a few days previous to planting the gar den seeds. If the manure be hot, the weed seeds will mostly sprout by the third day, when a good raking of the bed will utterly destroy them. The led is now ready for the seeds we wish to sow, and they may be drilled in, in rows, or sown broadcast, according to what is to be done with the plants. Timber Belts For Farm Protection. The Question of growing trees for wind-breaks, or storm-shields, is le- couiing one of gr-at importance to the farmers on the prairies, m tne oeciu uous t rees those that shed their leaves in the autumn the most desirable are the Cottonwood and White Willow, both of which grow rapidly from cut tings. Mr. Arthur Bryant, in his valua ble work on timber culture, recom mends the planting of a wind-break eight rods In width on the north and west side of every quarter section of laud. The best time to make Cottonwood cuttings is in the spring, after the buds begin to swell. They are made of the previous year's growth, the length vary ing from eight to twelve inches, lake a small and vigorous branch iu the left hand, lop toward you, aud with a knife in the other hand, cut them off the de sired length with a drawing cut. Methods of plautiug vary, In some cases where the soil is deep and rich, and it is saturated with water, the cut tings can be thrust down into the soil almost their entire length aud they will grow readily. A better plan is to take cuttings twelve niches in length, soak them in water from one to two days before planting, then plow straight, deep furrows four feet apart, place the cuttings at regular intervals, press some sorl firmly against the lower por tion of each, and then with a plow turn back the soil and cover them nearly or entiroly up. the young plants should be kept clean by hoeing and cultivating for two years, when a good mulching of prairie grass should be grverr them. If the season is favorable they will attain a growth of from six to eight feet. At all events, plant in good soil and culti vate well. Cuttings of the Cotton wood can usually be had of wholesale nurserymen for one dollar per thousand, Cottonwood seedlings can be had of them very cheaply also. Trim up the branches ot the young trees as high as you can reach for four or five years, and they will make tall, handsome trees. If the land is fitted as for corn, and is marked out four feet each way and set with trees, there will be 2,722 to the acre. It one year seedlings are plant ed four feet one way and eight the other l.dbl seedlings will be required to plant an acre. Enough corn can be irrown between the eight-foot rows, during the first two years, to pay for the cultiva tion of the trees. Five acres thus planted to Cotton wood will, after .seven years' growth, furnish one family with fuel for one stove a life time, and enough to sell to pay lor the use of land, atrd at the same time serve the purposeof a wind-break. In one case, to my knowledge, a grove of t wo-ye ir-old trees of this variety was set in lobv at a distance apart of lt$ by 84 feet, making ao0 trees to the acre, in I88U-01, when a part ot this grove was cut, each tree averaged two and a half cords, the entire mod net being valued at $1,200 per acre. I he White Willow is another exceed ingly hardy and rapid grower. A friend in Nebraska writes that it excels all others iu these respects. He speaks Of having grown, from one small cut ting, in two years, a tree that measured six and one fourth inches in diameter it the ground. Mr. O. B. Qalusha mentions a White Willow tree which grew from a cutting that had been planted thirteen years that was two feet and oue inch in diameter at the ground, and formed a head, or top, thirty feet across. He estimates that the expense of growing ten acres of such trees on laud valued at $40 net- acre, aud converting the same into lumber, would not exced $10 per 1,000 feet. Mr. C. S. Harrison mentions one tree grown in the vicinity of St. Paul, twenty-five years of age, which meas ured lour feet and four inches in dia meter. He says that there is no better material for hedge fencing urftl for a vvrnd-break. The plan suggested for making hedges of it is to cut stakes six feet in length that are two inches in thickness, then cut a very narrow trench two feet in depth, place the stakes ten inches apart, pack the soil firmly about them, and fasten the tops with a single wire, over which staples are driven into the ton ot each stake. In order to avoid the digging of a trench many procee i as follows: Cut off stakes live and one half feet in ength, make the holes with a crow-bar, and with a sharp axe cut the butt so that the, slope will all be on one side, and then drive them perpendicularly eight inches apart in a straight line in a well-prepared fence row. Three-inch aths nailed near the top will keep them in line. If well cultivated during the summer, and then mulched, only two years' time will be required to form a fence that will turn stock. The Cottonwood is the pioneer tree of her plains, and will become more and more welcome eastward as its merits becomeknown. 1 1 is a tree that readily adapts itself to new soils, and is unexcelled for wind-breaks when the Box Bidet (Ash-leaved Maple), or some other spreading or low-heading tree is set on either side of it. The Box Eld er grows from seeds, and not cuttings. It makes a good storm shield when planted alone, but the plan recommend ed is best. It is a tree that is compa ratively free from the attacks of in sects, and is a good substitute for the hard Maple in yielding sap for the manufacture of choice syrup. It is also a valuable tree for its timber. For the purpose recommended, the Cotton wood and the White Willow are un surpassed. Next iu the order of their popularity are the Box Elder (the Ash leaved Maple), and the Soft Maple, both of which are grown from the seed. The seed of the Box Elder can now be bought for fifty cents per pound, and that of the Soft Maple at $1.00 per pound, of the leading seedsmen in the large cities. The purchase of Ole Bull's residence at Madhion, Wis., is Hndeff considera tion for an Executive Mansim. The price asked is Si 3.000 NO. 44. THAT RICH EXPRRIENCB. A Free Press Interview Sustained and Its Source Revealed. (Dtrvit tVte Freu.) A few months Rgo an Interview with a proin 1 limit and wall-known physician, formerly a rssideut of Detroit, but now living In New York, appeared iu the columns of this puper The statement's made by the doctor and the facts be divulged were of so unusual a nature as to cause no little commotion among those who read them, and many inquiries were raised as to the genuineness of tbe interview and the validity of tbe ntate i ents it contained. Tbe name of tbe physician was at that time sup pressed at bis own request. Tbe seal of secre cy, however, cm now be removed, as tbe im portant and interesting letter which appears below will abundantly show. In order, how ever, that tbe render may fitter understand this letter, a few extracts are herewith giveu from the interview in question. After au exchange of courtesies and a few nruiinisueuses about tbe war, iu which tbe doctor was a prominent surgeon, tbe reporter remarked npou the doctor's improved appear anoe, upon which he said: "Yes, I have improved iu health since "ou last Baw me, aud I hope also in many other ways. One thing, however, I have succeeded in doing, and it is one of the hardest things for auyone, and especially a doctor, to do. and that is I have overcome my prejudices. You know there are some people who prefer to remain iu the wrong rather than acknowledge the man ifest light. Such ontjudic leads t bigotry of Hie worst order. Now, I am a physician, and 'f the "old s'jbool" order, too; but! have, after jeais of experience and observation, come to the conclusion that truth is the highest of all Ibiugr, nnd that if prejudice or bigotry stand iu the way of truth, so much it:e worse for them they are certain to be crushed sooner or latet. Why, when I knew you in Detroit, I w -uld no sooner have thought of violating ihecodeof ethics laid dowB by the profession, or or prescribing anything out of the regular order, than I would of mo putat lug my hand. Now, however, I prescribe and advise those things which I believe to be adapt ed to cure, aud which my experience has proven to be such 9 "Howilid you come to get such heretical ideas as thee?, doctor?" "Oh, they are the result of my experience aud observation. I obtained my first tdeus up on tbe subject, though, from having been enr ed after si 1 my care and 'he skill of my profes sional brethren had failed to relieve me. Why. r was it 1. iiiy ou a - many of my patteuts, with a complicatiou of troubles, i eluding dys pepsia, and consequently imoeifect. kidneys an J liver, aud I feared I should have to give up my practice. For months I suffered untold agonies. Dull, indefinite pains iu various parts of the boily ; a lack of interest in everything around m ; n loss of appetite; headaches; all these disagreeable symytoms were added to pains which were both acute and constant. Sick as 1 was, however, I became teetored to, health :h a most tvurprising manner and in tvu incredibly short space of time, and it was this that proved a revelation to me. That was tbe btui ttng point and my prejudices faded rapid ly ruier mat 1 mu assure you. 1 went to read iug extensively, and analyzing more extensive ly and siuce that time I have discovered many things of red value to humanity. Why only a few Safkaco I advised a lady who was Buffering from a serious female difficulty and displace ment to 1 in (be same remedy which cured me. I saw her this morning a d she is nearly well; the pain aud inflammation are all gone aud she is around as usual. We have no right In tbe medical fraternity to sit back and declare there is no such thing as improvement or advance ment, hi that we have a monopoly of tbe rem edies which nature has given to mankind. 1 here are grvat cbanues goiug on in every de par, ment of life, and there are great develop meLtri in medicine as well. Thousands of peo ple die every year from suppoFed typhoid fever, rheumatism or other oomDlaints. when in reality it is from trichina, caused by eating poorly cooked and diseased pork. Thousands of childreu are dying every year from dropsy as the apparent sequel to scarlatina, when in reality it is from dineased kidneys, which he come Weakened by the fever they have just had" "Well, doctor, you have got some new truths here, certainly, but they ound very reasonable to me." Well, wbettier they are reasonable or nol. I have demoustrated to my own satisfaction :h t they are true, aud 1 propose to s'aud by them, no matter how much opposition I runy raise by doing so. Any man, be be politician, preacher, or physician, who is so considerate of bis pocketbook or of bis own personal ends as to stultify himself by suppnssing the main rest truth, is iiuwui ttiy the uituie of man. and unwoitby the confidence of the public whom he serves." the above areiomeof the principal (joints in the Interview referred to. ow for theseqiiel. 1 he (oitowing outspoken letter horn the doctor himself whk h has just been received, is nub lished iu full: Kiiilor Itetroit Frt I'rett: Some lime ago a reporter of your paper had au iuteivhw with me which be said be would like to publish. I consented on condition that you would not mention my name uutil I gave you pe.rnussiou. 1 have now iiccoiunlifcheu the purpose I bad In mind, aiul wish to say to you (winch ou can publish. or not as you see fit) that 1 bad debated for a long time whether I would shake off some of the DTOfMMOBal fet l"i s which bound me with others for years, and tell the truth, or not. When I lookul back and thought ot the torturep, like Uioe describ ed by Dante iu bib trip to the infernal legions, vi hlch I endured from dyspeisia, and recalled bow much I would have given at that time for the relief which 1 have since obtained, IdeUr- kined that I would tak the step so loug med itated, and thereby dlschargo a duty to my fellowmeu. If I could thereby save oue poor mortal one night, of the terrible suffering I endured, I would be fully satisfied, be the other consequences what they might. My dyspeptic condition was produced by a UirpiJ liver, which did not. bb a const quence, remove th bilo fiom tbe blood. This produc ed derangement of tbe stomach, inflammation of its coats, dyspepsia, coustlpatiou, headache, depression of spirits, yellow complexion, fat covered eyes, chills and fever; In short, I was miserable to the last oegree. I appealed in vain to my books, to my skill aud to my fellow physic! ins. The myBtery of my ill health grew deeper. I traveled-everywhere exhausted all authorized expedients bnt to no purpose! Whe" iu this frame, of mlud, desperately in need of help, but expecting none, one of my unprofessional I riends called my attention to some unusual cures wrought by a prominent remedy and urgi d me try it. I emphatically declined. But secretly, and with the firm de termination that I would never let anyttody know what I bad done, I began Its use. It waeonly au experiment, you kuow, but for that matter, ll medical treatmeut is expert me. 1 nil. Well, to make a loug, and surprising story short, I experienced a sortcf physical revolution. My skin got a better color. My liver resumed its functions. 1 no longer had to arouse the bowels with cathartics. My head aches disappeared with my dyspepsis, hut still I was not cotiviured. "Nature did it," I rea soned. But, determined to push the invest! gallon to the extreme, while I was In active work, 1 tried the effect of the remedy on my patients afflicted with kiduey,liver and urinary diseases, watching every development care fully and studiously. Then I was completely disarmed, for the remedy sUiod every test im posed! Under such convl.iclng clrcumstanres, the matter of confessing my care became a ques lion of conscience ai d of duty to humanity "Heie is a reiuidy," I said, "that has done for me, whn the bet medical skill of the country cmld nt mpiuh" aud as au honorable max I will not sappress the facts. I therefor write yea and most unhesitatingly asset t that for all dlisMBs of the kidneys, liver, stomaeb or urinary orirans wi tub are auitmable. to treat I ment, Warner's 8nr Kidney and Liver Cars uip. 1 iisany remedy I have ever known or 'iKed, and hice ptyticians have so much ill cc -untli. tre. tmeut of diseases of these r !i a, li. prepared to accept all the oonse- w mi w , n 1 nay 1 nut may axe, lr ooBsclan 11 , in duty bound to use this pure vegetable c 'tu,. 11. 1 in their practice. Yours very truly, J. W. SMITH, M . D. Slatemouts so outspoken a the above and comiag from bucb a reliable tource are vaiaa ble beyond question. They conclusively show not only the power of tbe remedy which has become so well known and popular, but the great importance of atteutiou iu lime to the first iuuicaiious of declining health. When professional men of such high standing siuk their prejudice and willingly declare their be lief In that which they know to be valuable, tbe public may confidently follow tb'eir exam pie. Fashion Inven ions. If the ladies who spend their leisure time examining various arl idea which are necessary for their toilets could know the origin ol home of the style which are so popular, it would furniah them with amusement. The oddest devises have been resorted to iu order to improve some of the articles dis played, but it is curious to discover the motives which actuate the inventor of some familiar mode. The young ladies whose daintily slippered feet are iucas d in the handsomest hose procurable, are in many instances ignorant of the circumstances which led to tbe inven tion of tbe stocking-frame. Cloth stock ings heavily embroidered with jjold were royal gifts in tire time of tbe lug lisb Henries, and it was not until the reign of Elizabeth that these went out of style and hand-knitted silk hose were substituted. Later on in the tame reign a young student in love with a pretty maiden whose occupation consisted in stocking kniting, was refused by tbe damsel, and in his wrath and disappoint ment determined to make her reperrt her scornful rejection of his suit. At last his ideas took shape, and with much labor he constructed a stock frame, and in a short time opened a manufactory. The indignation of tbe hand-knitters whose trade was destroy ed by this invention was manifested in such a way as to force the inventor to reave n,ngianu, and, ins business suffer iiiff from the change, he died in Paris much poorer than tire arirl whose occu pation he tried to take away through revenge. Since that period there have been nu merous and great improvements upon the primitive invention, and ladies 10-uay wear tne handsomest silk and lisle thread hose, varied in evei v nossl- ble way, and made more and more at tractive. A Happy Home. back of all institutions of human in vention we have the domestic circle; and nothing varies so much in gradea us this, l he perfection of earthly hap piness or misery centre in it, and yet, the happiness of hone depends not ou a tropical sun, or a prevailing wind, or the government under whieb it is built. It has its foundation in the ordinance 01 mprnage, ami iiKe my structure. much of its strength depends on the 1 enuineness of its foundation. A happy home must be one of refine ment not. necessarily, lhe refinement that wealth cannot bring. Here the infant awakens to consciousness, and gathers material for t growth, and the voice is attuned to chord with the sounds that prevail here, and with this soul-growth grows the home, either to grandeur or to degradation. Love, peace and trust must be the constant and revered inmates of home, and tbe members of such a home dwell under the shadow of an angel's wing, and where they are not,' a home is nothing more than a lair of wild beasts, where the inmates contend over the bones of the slain. A home, to be a home in tbe true sense, must have privileges for its owu that belong not to those born outside of this circle; and a home whose laws aud privacies are subject to eucroaob ment by others is no better than tbe sheep fold that has no protection from ravages of wolves. A home should not be a hermitage, but better than that it have nothing for its own. Perhaps the greatest destroyer of homes is intemperance, but there is another that does not always receive its due, and that is the race for wealth. I n this, the tender and lofty emotions are smothered, aud affection is left to droop and die, and then perhaps wheu these are gone the race is'fouud to be futile, and even if the end is attained it fails to bring the peace and satisfac tion that had been anticipated. Rural JVw Yorker. At a meeting of some brethren it was decided to make a collection. The president concluded to pass tbe hat himself, and, in order to encourage the Others be put in a ten cent piece. After tbe collection, during which every hand bad been in the hat, the president approached the table, turned the hat upside down, and not even his own contribution dropped out. He opened his eyes with astonishment and ex claimed: "Fo' goodness, but I'ze ebeu lost de ten cents I started wid!" Then there was consternation on the faces of theasserably. Who was the lucky man ? That was the question. He could not blush, ot turn pale, for all were as black as night. It was evidently a hopeless case, and was summed up by one brother, who rose in his place and said, solemnly, "Dar 'pears to be agreat moral lesson roun heah somewhar. 1,000 if kiiled, or ftll) nor week if disable 1 Membership fee $3. Ad dress K.J, Roberts. Sec'y., 15;j (Iriswold St., Detroit. Agents wanted in eveiy fouuty in th" State. Potter Palmer is about to build tbe largest and most expensive private res idence iu Chicago. It is to be situated at the northwest cemer of Bank street and lake shore drive, and will oout $8()0,(HH) or more. Important Nottoe- Efficient, active men, with or with out exerience in tbe business, are desired by nhe Ctna Life Insurance Ott to canvass iu territory wbare it is not at present represented. Persons desiring ,-in agency should addrese. A.U.VVawmbh, Manager for Mich., ISO i-Uwald Ut US 1 Kill 1 MIOB