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The Owosso times. (Owosso, Mich.) 18??-1882, March 24, 1882, Image 1

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' d'rMw? lhrK my last summer's
Aud tltt?Ul " 'oslug-out day,"
TI,erKQd mw 10 " dollies, I say.
tutted1"' Wrn ani1 ,K11' out MUl1
Wj tlm bed aud the chair aud Uis door,
i t uuU. nuhw raXUhly battered.
lhrfc8 my White laoe, mill covered with
Oont a Tortune and turned out a lraud;
"Ut I woi h It I l.i.i nlirhl i.i Mi.- TVuvhih'
When I danced with the swell from
Here's a nun'i oloth, made up rather plain
auu ihis old muslin. lookliiK o laueu,
And with Huch au mui'iv- blic stain.
J rewesnbar the laid time I wore it.
At that plunto where we caught trout,
Aud I caught ou a thorn bush and lore It,
And of course all the shirring came out;
Aud to duiHh the wreca more completely,
Tom McCrary, the blundering old dear,
MuHiueedtt upset hi berrleH discreetly
The avalanche struck me him here.
Poor Tom! Iii far-off Colorado,
He'sal ig uncgullj ui ditch;
Hut it never wiliove El Dorado
Tom Un't the kind to get rich.
Aud should he return, dear old fellow,
With hlH limited lucome InoreaMed,
I'm certain I'd be sere and yellow,
Aud he would be forty at ium.
li 1h Hilly, I know, to remember,
But Home 1 1 mil - Iii - are no loth to g.
Yet I'll be twenty-three next Buptembo. .
And aglrl can t wait always, you kuow.
Well, life 1h peculiar and puKidlng,
And I don't find much game lu the hum ,
rni I always shall keep that blue uiuhIIu
With the HlrHwbeny slain down the front
Htirpei-'a Hav.ar .
'There. 1 believe old Mrs. Peck ham 'g
HUM completes the number! William,
my dear, will you please listen to this
list of invitations, and see if 1 have
omitted auy one to whom we are in
debted? The poor fathor-of-the-faini-ly,
thus addressed, meekly laid by his
spectacles aud paper and prepared to
submit to the inevitable.
It was a way Mrs. Barnes had of
planning with her daughter Alice some
expensive indulgence, and, when too
la'te to be recalled, springing the sub
ject upon her husband in au easy matter-of-course
way, which left him
no alternative but a half unwilling con
sent. 'Why, you see, my dear,' she went ou
in answer to his questions of surprise,
'we haven't had a large company in
over a year, and we are real'y under
obligations to all these people fifty
eight 1 make in all.'
'I do detest large companies,' began
Mr. Karnes.
'I'm sure you cannotdread this tiling
any more than 1 do,' put in Mrs. B.,
'and all the work and care to come Up
on me, too; but it is not so bad as a
number of small gatherings, just as it
is better to have several doomed teeth
all extracted at once, rather than to
keep dreading them.'
'What would these people say if they
knew mother compared their entertain
ment to pulliug teeth!' this from
Alice, in au aside to brother Fred; but
that young gentleman, who had been to
college, assured her that it was the way
with the world; they all felt just so.'
'Well, we must at least study sim
plicity in our arrangements, and that
will ease both your labor and my pock-et-book,'
said Mr. liarnes.
'.Sure enough, let's institute a ne,w
departure, as Julia Dorr did in Rutland,'
assented Fred. 'She just had a dainty
bit of cream and fruit, or something,
and lots of fellows went home Hungry,
not relishing the 'feast of reason and
flow of soul.' '
'That is very well for literary people
whose houses are full of objects of in
terest,' said his mother 'And who
have other ways of entertaining people
than through their stomachs,' whisper
ed naughty Alice 'but we must have
au elegant supper, or we will give up
the party. Of course we must have
oysters and several cold meats, besides
ices, ice-cream, fruits, coffee and choco
late. We will pinch somewhere else to
make up; leave that to me, William.'
And the lady went on complacently
reading her list. 'Dr. and Mrs. Bollins;
you recollect we were invited to their
daughter's wedding. Mr. and Mrs.
Cross' silver wedding.'
'Both which 'obligations' cost us a
pretty little sum for presents to people
we don't care a thing about,' said Mr.
Barnes, bitterly. 'Mary, if you ever
hear me say a word about our having a
metal wedding, know at once that I am
either crazy or in my dotage. When
we get so low as to invite people to give
us presents, I will go round wit h a sub
scription paper, but I will never get up
the modern farce of a silver or golden
'Then here are the Livingstones,'
pursued the lady, 'who have just come
to town, but real 'quality' people, whom
it is best to place under obligations to
us; and Squire Harding'
'Who invited me to his breakfast, be
cause lie wanted my vote,' put in pater
familias, unpleasantly. 'But it's all
right, my dear, all right, I suppose, only
one cannot help wondering what the
Saviour meant, when he said: 'When
thou makest a dinner or a supper, call
not thy friends nor thy brethren, neither
thy kinsmen nor thy rich neighbors,
lest they also bid thee again, and a re
compense be made thee.'
Probably that will all 1 changed in
the new translation,' said Alice, who
was disposed to be a bit cynical, like
her father, and to see through the ven
eering of society shams.
Let us peas lightly over the dreadful
days of preparation; the turning upside-down
of the. house from top to
bottofl, the polishing of silver, the Im
portation of crockery and extra help(?),
and the endless cooking, cooking, for
the Barnes family could uot afford to
order their supper from the local Del
tnonieo's. Ho the younger children
stoned raisins and beat eggs, and enjoy
ed immensely the confusion and gener
al air ot something coming; and the
family subsisted upon outside slices of
roasts, unfortunate biscuits and test
pieces of cake. Some things went
wrong, of course, and had to be done
over, ami there was hurry and terrible
anxiety for Mrs. Barnes, who. I am
sorry to say, lost her temper several
times, and developed unknown powers
of scolding. But everything was whisk
ed into line at the very last moment,
and the poor lady with a racking head
ache was trying to get dressed and corrt
H)sed, when somebody announced the
first erri age.
'How dreadfully early some people
do com. Here, Alice, help me on
with this laoe quick, I hoped to have a
moiueut te breath.'
The Owosso Times
'Mamma, these new boots hurt me
awfully,' groaned little May, an uncom
fortable shild, who had not yet learned
tb ways of the world. 'I would rath
er wear my old oues.'
'No, no, never mind if they do hurt
a little, they are lovely, so slim aud
aud high, and such a perfect match for
your dress.' And so the poor child
stood iu simple misery all the evening,
taking her first lesson in the ways of
the world-
'Good evening, my dear Mrs. ltollins.
how kind of you to come early; we
shall have time for a real little visit be
fore there are other arrivals.'
Mrs. Barnes had a headache; per
haps she had forgotten what she said
upstairs. Hut why describe the usual
routine of hollow compliment, of pretty
nothings, of flattest platitudes w'lich
make up the conversation of such a
gathering. Of course the guests dis
cussed the tlowers, the few pictures,
the music, the supper, each others'
dresses and the minister. O, much en
during clergy, what would society do
without you. and the weather f The
supper was really good, and that con
stituted the eutertainment' mostly.
There was some soulless music, for
Miss Alice played the piano a little of
course, alloung ladies must, whether
they have any music in their souls or
The geutlemen smoked after supper,
but that was done one side somewhere,
as questionable things usually are.
About midnight the last guest had
vanished into the darkness, each one
saying in due form with his good night:
A delightful evening, Mrs. Barnes,
your companies are always so chanti
Remarks like these in the going-home
carriages : 'Such a stupid affair ! Why
will people like the Barneses try to ape
gentility, and give fashionable parties
when they don t know how r
'Why, indeed ! Everything was stiff
as a poker, and what a supper ! Such
vulgar profusion in everything, and so
little silver or table ornaments.'
'Did vou notice the spoons were plat
ed, and half of them borrowed, I do
believe. As for me, I wouldn't have a
party if I couldn't have the largest
sized napkins."
'Well, we must at least give Mrs.
Barnes the credit of being a most
charming hostess. I think she thor
oughly enjoyed seeing her friends ; but
her husband must be a great trial to
her, he is so distant and ungracious.'
Meanwhile, in the confusion of the
vacant rooms, the 'genial hostess' had
thrown herself wearily into a chair, ex
claiming : 'I am almost dead. Well,
there's one consolation, our guests" all
seemed to enjoy it, if we did not. 1
eeeivcd a great many compliments tor
the supper, and the entertainment gen
erally ; and we shan't have to endure
this affliction again for one while, I
'Why ever again, my dearr urged
Mr. Barnes, gently. 'Why need we ac
cept invitations we do not care to re
turn? Why can we not hereaiter invite
our friends, and people whom we wish
especially to make happy, iu small
companies, which will not tire you to
death in preparation. I thoroughly
enjoy receiving our friends in our home,
but how can anybody enjoy such a
farce as this, with hollowness on both
sides. Why, I felt guilty and mean all
the evening.
It does seem as if that were the bet
ter way,' assented the wife absently,
thinking how she could get breakfast
out of that mass of confusion in the
kitchen ; 'but then, socUty, you know.'
A few more days of hard work
brought back the usual order and quiet
of the family ; it seemed like a calm
following a small earthquake. But the
bills began to come in. They looked
large, placed over against the small
family income. The father tmd mother
were talking them over one night after
the children were in bed. They must
le provided for by 'pinching' some
where else, as Mrs. Barnes had said.
She was ready with her devices. 'We
all need new flannels this winter,' she
said ; :the old ones are very thin, but
they must be made todowith patching.
Then we must do without beefsteak and
oysters as often as usual ; these articles
are expensive, you know.'
'It might be considered doubtful
economy to dispense with warm cloth
ing and nourishing food,' said Mr.
Barnes with a shake of the head.
'Then there is the money you give
a way to benevolent objects one tenth,
you know,' resumed the lady doubtful
ly 'couldn't you take from that a lit
tle?' 'Not one cent from tfuit, my dear.
The party was selfishness, not chari
ty.' So the matter was compromised on
flannels and beefsteak, and in another
way which I am afraid they would not
like me to mention. Not that they ex
actly planned it so, but the next sum
mer it came about in this wise. Mr.
Barnes took no vacation, but stayed in
the city and worked hard all the hot,
long season. Fred was luckily invited
to the home of a college friend. Mrs.
Barnes rememlered a cousin of hers,
who lived comfortably in a country
home, not expensively far from the
city, whom she had not seen in twenty
years, and whom she really might to
Vint. So with Alice and the two little
ones she gave to this 'dear friend' the
weeks usually spent in boarding at the
mountains or seaside. Cousin Clarissa
did her own work, and got rather tired,
I fear, but then it was a wonderful
saving, and the party had to be paid
for. If I had been writing a fable UN
stead of a fact, I would put at the bot
tom this little moral : We all wear
masks. Things are not always trailed
by their right uaiues. There is still
much slavery in the world, much ool
n nli try svrvitiuk. We are all slaves to
burdensome social customs, whose yoke
we abhor, but dare not throw off.
The Speeri ot the Wing.
A writer in Frazier's Magazine says
The speed at which some wings are
driven is enormous. It is occasionally
so great as to emit a drumming sound.
To this source the buzz, of the riy, the
drone of the bee, and the boom of the
beetle me to be referred. When a
grouse, partridge, or pheasant suddenly
springs into the air, the sound produced
by the whirring of its wings
greatly resembles that produced
by the contact of steel with the rapidly
revolving stoiu of the knife grinder.
It has been estimated that the common
lly moves its wings 380 times per sec
ond, i. e 19,800 times per minute, and
that the butterfly moves its wings nine
times per second, or 540 times per min
ute. These movements represent an
iucredibly high speed even at the roots
of the wings, but the speed is enor
mously increased at the ips of the
wings, from the fact that the tips ro
tate upon the roots as centers, in re
ality, and as it has been already indi
cated, the speed at the tips of the wings
increases iu proportion as the tips are
removed from the axis of rotation, ;itid
in proportion as the wings are long.
This is explained on the principle well
understood in mechanics. If' a rod or
wing hinged at one point be made to
vibrate, the free end of the rod or wing
always passes through a very much
greater space in a given time than the
part nearer to the root of the wing.
The progressive increase in the spread
of the wings, in proportion as the wings
become larger, explains why the wings
of bats and birds are not driven at the
extravagant speed of insect wings, and
how the large and long wings of bats
and birds are driven more leisurely
than the small and short wings of
small bats aud birds. That the wing
is driven more slowly in proportion to
its length Is proved by experiment, and
by observing the flight of large and
small birds of the same genus. Thus,
large gullsrlap their wings much more
slowly than small gulls; the configura
tion and relative size of the wings to
the body being the same in both. This
is a hopeful feature in the construction
of flying machines, as there can be no
doubt that comparatively very slow
movements will suffice for driving the
long, powerful wings required to ele
vate and propel flying machines. Tin?
speed of the wings is partly regulated
by its amplitude. Thus, if the wing be
broad as well as long, the beats are
necessarily reduced in frequency. This
is especially true of the heron, which is
one of the most picturesque, and at the
same time one of the slowest flying
birds we have. I have timed the heron
on several occasions, and find that iu
ordinary flights its wings make exactly
sixty up strokes and ibcty down strokes
that is, 120 beats rer minute. In
the pterodactyl, the great extinct Sau
rian, the wing was enormously elong
ated, aud in this particular instance
probably from fifty to sixty beats of
the wing per minute suhlced for flight.
Fifty or sixty pulsations of the wing
per minute do not involve much wear
and tear of the working parts, and I
am strongly of opinion that artificial
flight, if once achieved, will become a
enmparatively safe means of locomo
tion, as far its the machinery required
is concerned.
The Dominion of Canada has done a
neighborly thing which, at least, the
Fostottice Department in this country
will appreciate, and will put an end to
the clever evasions through which
money has been saved by certain pub
lishers on this side of the boundary
line. The pestal laws of Canada, (if
we may be so unpatriotic as to say it)
are more liberal than ours, and publish
ers of bulky trade publications especial
ly, have been in the habit of sending
tons of matter, printed here, to Canada,
whence it was sent by post back to
the United States at-lower rates than
it could be distributed when mailed
here. Thus the publishers have kept
out of the hands of our postal author
ities many just spoils, aud have taken
a mean advantage of Canadian liberal
ity. This practice is now to be stopped,
and certain advertising sheets and other
printed matter published here, or pur
porting to be published here, and to be
circulated in the United States, are to
charged a rate equivalent to the domes
tic postage imposed under our law.
Farm Labor. A late report by ftng
lish commissioners on American farm
ing, says : "The farm laborer can hard
ly be said to exist as a distinct class in
the United States, unless it be among
the colored people in the Middle and
Southern states. In the large farms of
the west the bothy system is carried
out, and buildings are put up in which
the summer men mess and sleep. In
winter they are off to the towns and
cities, and it is seldom the same faces
are seen two years running on the fat m.
It should be remarked that though
wages may appear high, the hours of
labor from spring to autumn are long,
and winter is a period of almost com
plete cessation from work for man and
beast on the American farm. The very
few laborers that are required upon a
great wheat -growing farrtr in America
during the winter mouths is surprising.
In one instance we were told that only
two men were kept upon 5,000 acres.
When the longer days and the harder
work of the American laborer, together
with his being employed when he is
wanted, are taken into account, the an
nual cost of laltor per acre is much less
than the aiuouut paid iu England."
MICH., FRIDAY. MARCH 24, 1882,
The Hot-Bed.
We have urged from year to year up
on all who wish to have early vege
tables, the great importance of a hot
bed. Market gardeners find it an ab
solute necessity, as it is indispensable
to all who do uot wait upon the slow
revolution of the seasons. Even a very
small garden may be greatly increased
iu value by making use of it, inasmuch
as from one to two months may be
gained in time, in producing early veg
etables. We have more than once pub
lished directions for constructing a hot
ted at small cost aud at little trouble
These directions may be in the bands
of our readers, but we renew them by
publishing the following from the New
England Farmer.
The first thing to do in the spring is
to get a quantity of horse manure ready
for use. Manure from grain fed horses
is best, because it will heat more read
ily. The manure from a horse fed ex
clusively upon bog hay or dead straw,
would make poor material for heating
the soil of a hot-bed. Having secured
the manure, it must be forked over to
let in the air, for plenty of air is neces
sary to any kind of fermentation.
Throw it into a high heap, leaving it as
light as possible. When it begins to
warm up in the middle, which may be
learned by thrusting in a smail,smooth
stick, it should be shovelled over again,
to bring the outside and bottom into a
fermenting state. Repeat the throw
ing over till the whole pile is thorough
ly warmed through. Plenty of straw
bedding or forest leaves mixed with
the manure in the pile, will help to
keep the heat constant and uniform.
By the time the manure is thoroughly
warm, the location of the bed should
be made ready. In selecting a location
it is well to take advantage of a wood
ed hill, some building, or a high board
fence at the northern side to break the
wind. It is quite common to build a
tight board fence about six feet high,
as a special protection from cold and
wind. Sometimes the fence has shut
ter's attached which can be let down
over the beds or turned up and fasten
ed back when not in use.
Hot-beds may be made upon a large
pile of warm manure, placed on the
surface of the ground, or pits may be
dug for receiving the manure. In wet
locations the former method is to be
preferred, as standing water will put
out the lire in a pile of heating manure
just as effectually as it will put out
other fires. 11 the locatron is a dry one,
as where the soil is sandy with a loose,
porous subsoil, it will be better to dig
a pit for the manure, lu either case
the manure must extend in all direc
tions several inches beyond the frame
that is used, otherwise there will be
very little heat at the edges of the bed.
Having dug the pit of sufficient depth,
the manure being alive with heat, is to
be carted and thrown in, a forkful at a
time, keeping it as level as possible. It
will not do to tread the manure very
hard as the heat would be too much
checked, but it should be pressed down
slightly oy the fork, and a light person
may walk once around on the edges.
The middle will settle solid enough
when the soil is put on in which the
plants are to grow. The depth of the
man ure iu the pit will depend upon the
season of the year and how long the
heat will be wanted. A thick bed will
hold heat longer than a shallow one, so
the earlier the bed is made in spring
the deeper must the manure be laid.
Two feet of manure is not too much if
the bed is started the last of February
or first of March.
Later iu April, frames are placed over
a foot of manure in beds made for set
ting out plants that require checking
or more Bpace lor development. Hav
ing tilled the pit with manure to the
desired depth, put the frame in place
over the manure: The frame may be
a cheap affair of inch boards for a late
bed, but arr early one would be better
protected by a plank frame and with
the earth banked up Against it on all
sides. The frame should have square
corners, and must be the right size to
receive the sashes. Sashes are usually
about three feet by six feet, with lap
ped glass laid to shed water. After
building the frame, which should be a
few inches deeper at the rear side, in
order to give enough pitch to .the
sashes to turn off the water from rains
or melting snow, the soil to plant in
should be evenly spread over the bed to
the depth of live or six inches. The
sod should be prepared the fall pre
vious, and must be kept in a dry place
under cover till needed for use. The
soil must have a large proportion of
sand intimately mixed through it. This
is to prevent puddling and baking un
der the use of the watering pot.
Good garden loam, old hot-bed ma
nure, and sand in about equal propor
tions, will make a rich, mellow soil for
receiving the seeds. It will be all the
better if it has been freed from weed
seeds by sprouting them Ifl the soil a
few days previous to planting the gar
den seeds. If the manure be hot, the
weed seeds will mostly sprout by the
third day, when a good raking of the
bed will utterly destroy them. The
led is now ready for the seeds we wish
to sow, and they may be drilled in, in
rows, or sown broadcast, according to
what is to be done with the plants.
Timber Belts For Farm Protection.
The Question of growing trees for
wind-breaks, or storm-shields, is le-
couiing one of gr-at importance to the
farmers on the prairies, m tne oeciu
uous t rees those that shed their leaves
in the autumn the most desirable are
the Cottonwood and White Willow,
both of which grow rapidly from cut
tings. Mr. Arthur Bryant, in his valua
ble work on timber culture, recom
mends the planting of a wind-break
eight rods In width on the north and
west side of every quarter section of
The best time to make Cottonwood
cuttings is in the spring, after the buds
begin to swell. They are made of the
previous year's growth, the length vary
ing from eight to twelve inches, lake
a small and vigorous branch iu the left
hand, lop toward you, aud with a knife
in the other hand, cut them off the de
sired length with a drawing cut.
Methods of plautiug vary, In some
cases where the soil is deep and rich,
and it is saturated with water, the cut
tings can be thrust down into the soil
almost their entire length aud they will
grow readily. A better plan is to take
cuttings twelve niches in length, soak
them in water from one to two days
before planting, then plow straight,
deep furrows four feet apart, place the
cuttings at regular intervals, press
some sorl firmly against the lower por
tion of each, and then with a plow turn
back the soil and cover them nearly or
entiroly up.
the young plants should be kept
clean by hoeing and cultivating for two
years, when a good mulching of prairie
grass should be grverr them. If the
season is favorable they will attain a
growth of from six to eight feet. At
all events, plant in good soil and culti
vate well. Cuttings of the Cotton
wood can usually be had of wholesale
nurserymen for one dollar per thousand,
Cottonwood seedlings can be had of
them very cheaply also. Trim up the
branches ot the young trees as high as
you can reach for four or five years, and
they will make tall, handsome trees. If
the land is fitted as for corn, and is
marked out four feet each way and set
with trees, there will be 2,722 to the
acre. It one year seedlings are plant
ed four feet one way and eight the other
l.dbl seedlings will be required to plant
an acre. Enough corn can be irrown
between the eight-foot rows, during the
first two years, to pay for the cultiva
tion of the trees.
Five acres thus planted to Cotton
wood will, after .seven years' growth,
furnish one family with fuel for one
stove a life time, and enough to sell to
pay lor the use of land, atrd at the same
time serve the purposeof a wind-break.
In one case, to my knowledge, a grove
of t wo-ye ir-old trees of this variety was
set in lobv at a distance apart of lt$
by 84 feet, making ao0 trees to the
acre, in I88U-01, when a part ot this
grove was cut, each tree averaged two
and a half cords, the entire mod net
being valued at $1,200 per acre.
I he White Willow is another exceed
ingly hardy and rapid grower. A
friend in Nebraska writes that it excels
all others iu these respects. He speaks
Of having grown, from one small cut
ting, in two years, a tree that measured
six and one fourth inches in diameter
it the ground. Mr. O. B. Qalusha
mentions a White Willow tree which
grew from a cutting that had been
planted thirteen years that was two
feet and oue inch in diameter at the
ground, and formed a head, or top,
thirty feet across. He estimates that
the expense of growing ten acres of
such trees on laud valued at $40 net-
acre, aud converting the same into
lumber, would not exced $10 per 1,000
feet. Mr. C. S. Harrison mentions one
tree grown in the vicinity of St. Paul,
twenty-five years of age, which meas
ured lour feet and four inches in dia
meter. He says that there is no better
material for hedge fencing urftl for a
vvrnd-break. The plan suggested for
making hedges of it is to cut stakes
six feet in length that are two inches in
thickness, then cut a very narrow
trench two feet in depth, place the
stakes ten inches apart, pack the soil
firmly about them, and fasten the tops
with a single wire, over which staples
are driven into the ton ot each stake.
In order to avoid the digging of a
trench many procee i as follows: Cut
off stakes live and one half feet in
ength, make the holes with a crow-bar,
and with a sharp axe cut the butt so
that the, slope will all be on one side,
and then drive them perpendicularly
eight inches apart in a straight line in
a well-prepared fence row. Three-inch
aths nailed near the top will keep them
in line. If well cultivated during the
summer, and then mulched, only two
years' time will be required to form a
fence that will turn stock.
The Cottonwood is the pioneer tree
of her plains, and will become more
and more welcome eastward as its
merits becomeknown. 1 1 is a tree that
readily adapts itself to new soils, and
is unexcelled for wind-breaks when the
Box Bidet (Ash-leaved Maple), or some
other spreading or low-heading tree is
set on either side of it. The Box Eld
er grows from seeds, and not cuttings.
It makes a good storm shield when
planted alone, but the plan recommend
ed is best. It is a tree that is compa
ratively free from the attacks of in
sects, and is a good substitute for the
hard Maple in yielding sap for the
manufacture of choice syrup. It is
also a valuable tree for its timber. For
the purpose recommended, the Cotton
wood and the White Willow are un
surpassed. Next iu the order of their
popularity are the Box Elder (the Ash
leaved Maple), and the Soft Maple, both
of which are grown from the seed.
The seed of the Box Elder can now be
bought for fifty cents per pound, and
that of the Soft Maple at $1.00 per
pound, of the leading seedsmen in the
large cities.
The purchase of Ole Bull's residence
at Madhion, Wis., is Hndeff considera
tion for an Executive Mansim. The
price asked is Si 3.000
NO. 44.
A Free Press Interview Sustained and
Its Source Revealed.
(Dtrvit tVte Freu.)
A few months Rgo an Interview with a proin
1 limit and wall-known physician, formerly a
rssideut of Detroit, but now living In New
York, appeared iu the columns of this puper
The statement's made by the doctor and the
facts be divulged were of so unusual a nature
as to cause no little commotion among those
who read them, and many inquiries were raised
as to the genuineness of tbe interview and the
validity of tbe ntate i ents it contained. Tbe
name of tbe physician was at that time sup
pressed at bis own request. Tbe seal of secre
cy, however, cm now be removed, as tbe im
portant and interesting letter which appears
below will abundantly show. In order, how
ever, that tbe render may fitter understand
this letter, a few extracts are herewith giveu
from the interview in question.
After au exchange of courtesies and a few
nruiinisueuses about tbe war, iu which tbe
doctor was a prominent surgeon, tbe reporter
remarked npou the doctor's improved appear
anoe, upon which he said:
"Yes, I have improved iu health since "ou
last Baw me, aud I hope also in many other
ways. One thing, however, I have succeeded
in doing, and it is one of the hardest things for
auyone, and especially a doctor, to do. and that
is I have overcome my prejudices. You know
there are some people who prefer to remain
iu the wrong rather than acknowledge the man
ifest light. Such ontjudic leads t bigotry of
Hie worst order. Now, I am a physician, and
'f the "old s'jbool" order, too; but! have, after
jeais of experience and observation, come to
the conclusion that truth is the highest of
all Ibiugr, nnd that if prejudice or bigotry
stand iu the way of truth, so much it:e worse
for them they are certain to be crushed sooner
or latet. Why, when I knew you in Detroit,
I w -uld no sooner have thought of violating
ihecodeof ethics laid dowB by the profession,
or or prescribing anything out of the regular
order, than I would of mo putat lug my hand.
Now, however, I prescribe and advise those
things which I believe to be adapt
ed to cure, aud which my experience has
proven to be such 9
"Howilid you come to get such heretical
ideas as thee?, doctor?"
"Oh, they are the result of my experience
aud observation. I obtained my first tdeus up
on tbe subject, though, from having been enr
ed after si 1 my care and 'he skill of my profes
sional brethren had failed to relieve me. Why.
r was it 1. iiiy ou a - many of my patteuts,
with a complicatiou of troubles, i eluding dys
pepsia, and consequently imoeifect. kidneys
an J liver, aud I feared I should have to give up
my practice. For months I suffered untold
agonies. Dull, indefinite pains iu various parts
of the boily ; a lack of interest in everything
around m ; n loss of appetite; headaches; all
these disagreeable symytoms were added to
pains which were both acute and constant.
Sick as 1 was, however, I became teetored to,
health :h a most tvurprising manner and in tvu
incredibly short space of time, and it was this
that proved a revelation to me. That was tbe
btui ttng point and my prejudices faded rapid
ly ruier mat 1 mu assure you. 1 went to read
iug extensively, and analyzing more extensive
ly and siuce that time I have discovered many
things of red value to humanity. Why only a
few Safkaco I advised a lady who was Buffering
from a serious female difficulty and displace
ment to 1 in (be same remedy which cured me.
I saw her this morning a d she is nearly well;
the pain aud inflammation are all gone aud she
is around as usual. We have no right In tbe
medical fraternity to sit back and declare there
is no such thing as improvement or advance
ment, hi that we have a monopoly of tbe rem
edies which nature has given to mankind.
1 here are grvat cbanues goiug on in every de
par, ment of life, and there are great develop
meLtri in medicine as well. Thousands of peo
ple die every year from suppoFed typhoid fever,
rheumatism or other oomDlaints. when in
reality it is from trichina, caused by eating
poorly cooked and diseased pork. Thousands
of childreu are dying every year from dropsy
as the apparent sequel to scarlatina, when in
reality it is from dineased kidneys, which he
come Weakened by the fever they have just
"Well, doctor, you have got some new truths
here, certainly, but they ound very reasonable
to me."
Well, wbettier they are reasonable or nol. I
have demoustrated to my own satisfaction :h t
they are true, aud 1 propose to s'aud by them,
no matter how much opposition I runy raise
by doing so. Any man, be be politician,
preacher, or physician, who is so considerate
of bis pocketbook or of bis own personal ends
as to stultify himself by suppnssing the main
rest truth, is iiuwui ttiy the uituie of man. and
unwoitby the confidence of the public whom
he serves."
the above areiomeof the principal (joints in
the Interview referred to. ow for theseqiiel.
1 he (oitowing outspoken letter horn the doctor
himself whk h has just been received, is nub
lished iu full:
Kiiilor Itetroit Frt I'rett:
Some lime ago a reporter of your paper had
au iuteivhw with me which be said be would
like to publish. I consented on condition that
you would not mention my name uutil I gave
you pe.rnussiou. 1 have now iiccoiunlifcheu the
purpose I bad In mind, aiul wish to say to you
(winch ou can publish. or not as you see fit)
that 1 bad debated for a long time whether I
would shake off some of the DTOfMMOBal fet
l"i s which bound me with others for years,
and tell the truth, or not. When I lookul back
and thought ot the torturep, like Uioe describ
ed by Dante iu bib trip to the infernal legions,
vi hlch I endured from dyspeisia, and recalled
bow much I would have given at that time for
the relief which 1 have since obtained, IdeUr-
kined that I would tak the step so loug med
itated, and thereby dlschargo a duty to my
fellowmeu. If I could thereby save oue poor
mortal one night, of the terrible suffering I
endured, I would be fully satisfied, be the other
consequences what they might.
My dyspeptic condition was produced by a
UirpiJ liver, which did not. bb a const quence,
remove th bilo fiom tbe blood. This produc
ed derangement of tbe stomach, inflammation
of its coats, dyspepsia, coustlpatiou, headache,
depression of spirits, yellow complexion, fat
covered eyes, chills and fever; In short, I was
miserable to the last oegree. I appealed in
vain to my books, to my skill aud to my fellow
physic! ins. The myBtery of my ill health grew
deeper. I traveled-everywhere exhausted all
authorized expedients bnt to no purpose!
Whe" iu this frame, of mlud, desperately in
need of help, but expecting none, one of my
unprofessional I riends called my attention to
some unusual cures wrought by a prominent
remedy and urgi d me try it. I emphatically
declined. But secretly, and with the firm de
termination that I would never let anyttody
know what I bad done, I began Its use. It
waeonly au experiment, you kuow, but for
that matter, ll medical treatmeut is expert
me. 1 nil. Well, to make a loug, and surprising
story short, I experienced a sortcf physical
revolution. My skin got a better color. My
liver resumed its functions. 1 no longer had
to arouse the bowels with cathartics. My head
aches disappeared with my dyspepsis, hut still
I was not cotiviured. "Nature did it," I rea
soned. But, determined to push the invest!
gallon to the extreme, while I was In active
work, 1 tried the effect of the remedy on my
patients afflicted with kiduey,liver and urinary
diseases, watching every development care
fully and studiously. Then I was completely
disarmed, for the remedy sUiod every test im
posed! Under such convl.iclng clrcumstanres, the
matter of confessing my care became a ques
lion of conscience ai d of duty to humanity
"Heie is a reiuidy," I said, "that has done for
me, whn the bet medical skill of the country
cmld nt mpiuh" aud as au honorable
max I will not sappress the facts. I therefor
write yea and most unhesitatingly asset t that
for all dlisMBs of the kidneys, liver, stomaeb
or urinary orirans wi tub are auitmable. to treat
I ment, Warner's 8nr Kidney and Liver Cars
uip. 1 iisany remedy I have ever known or
'iKed, and hice ptyticians have so much ill
cc -untli. tre. tmeut of diseases of these
r !i a, li. prepared to accept all the oonse-
w mi w , n 1 nay 1 nut may axe, lr ooBsclan
11 , in duty bound to use this pure vegetable
c 'tu,. 11. 1 in their practice.
Yours very truly,
J. W. SMITH, M . D.
Slatemouts so outspoken a the above and
comiag from bucb a reliable tource are vaiaa
ble beyond question. They conclusively show
not only the power of tbe remedy which has
become so well known and popular, but the
great importance of atteutiou iu lime to the
first iuuicaiious of declining health. When
professional men of such high standing siuk
their prejudice and willingly declare their be
lief In that which they know to be valuable,
tbe public may confidently follow tb'eir exam
Fashion Inven ions.
If the ladies who spend their leisure
time examining various arl idea which
are necessary for their toilets could
know the origin ol home of the style
which are so popular, it would furniah
them with amusement. The oddest
devises have been resorted to iu order
to improve some of the articles dis
played, but it is curious to discover the
motives which actuate the inventor of
some familiar mode. The young ladies
whose daintily slippered feet are iucas
d in the handsomest hose procurable,
are in many instances ignorant of the
circumstances which led to tbe inven
tion of tbe stocking-frame. Cloth stock
ings heavily embroidered with jjold
were royal gifts in tire time of tbe lug
lisb Henries, and it was not until the
reign of Elizabeth that these went out
of style and hand-knitted silk hose were
substituted. Later on in the tame reign
a young student in love with a pretty
maiden whose occupation consisted in
stocking kniting, was refused by tbe
damsel, and in his wrath and disappoint
ment determined to make her reperrt
her scornful rejection of his suit. At
last his ideas took shape, and with
much labor he constructed a stock
frame, and in a short time opened a
manufactory. The indignation of tbe
hand-knitters whose trade was destroy
ed by this invention was manifested in
such a way as to force the inventor to
reave n,ngianu, and, ins business suffer
iiiff from the change, he died in Paris
much poorer than tire arirl whose occu
pation he tried to take away through
Since that period there have been nu
merous and great improvements upon
the primitive invention, and ladies
10-uay wear tne handsomest silk and
lisle thread hose, varied in evei v nossl-
ble way, and made more and more at
A Happy Home.
back of all institutions of human in
vention we have the domestic circle;
and nothing varies so much in gradea
us this, l he perfection of earthly hap
piness or misery centre in it, and yet,
the happiness of hone depends not ou
a tropical sun, or a prevailing wind, or
the government under whieb it is built.
It has its foundation in the ordinance
01 mprnage, ami iiKe my structure.
much of its strength depends on the
1 enuineness of its foundation.
A happy home must be one of refine
ment not. necessarily, lhe refinement
that wealth cannot bring. Here the
infant awakens to consciousness, and
gathers material for t growth, and the
voice is attuned to chord with the
sounds that prevail here, and with
this soul-growth grows the home, either
to grandeur or to degradation. Love,
peace and trust must be the constant
and revered inmates of home, and tbe
members of such a home dwell under
the shadow of an angel's wing, and
where they are not,' a home is nothing
more than a lair of wild beasts, where
the inmates contend over the bones of
the slain.
A home, to be a home in tbe true
sense, must have privileges for its owu
that belong not to those born outside
of this circle; and a home whose laws
aud privacies are subject to eucroaob
ment by others is no better than tbe
sheep fold that has no protection from
ravages of wolves. A home should
not be a hermitage, but better than
that it have nothing for its own.
Perhaps the greatest destroyer of
homes is intemperance, but there is
another that does not always receive
its due, and that is the race for wealth.
I n this, the tender and lofty emotions
are smothered, aud affection is left to
droop and die, and then perhaps wheu
these are gone the race is'fouud to be
futile, and even if the end is attained
it fails to bring the peace and satisfac
tion that had been anticipated. Rural
JVw Yorker.
At a meeting of some brethren it
was decided to make a collection. The
president concluded to pass tbe hat
himself, and, in order to encourage the
Others be put in a ten cent piece. After
tbe collection, during which every
hand bad been in the hat, the president
approached the table, turned the hat
upside down, and not even his own
contribution dropped out. He opened
his eyes with astonishment and ex
claimed: "Fo' goodness, but I'ze ebeu
lost de ten cents I started wid!" Then
there was consternation on the faces of
theasserably. Who was the lucky man ?
That was the question. He could not
blush, ot turn pale, for all were as
black as night. It was evidently a
hopeless case, and was summed up by
one brother, who rose in his place and
said, solemnly, "Dar 'pears to be agreat
moral lesson roun heah somewhar.
1,000 if kiiled, or ftll) nor week if
disable 1 Membership fee $3. Ad
dress K.J, Roberts. Sec'y., 15;j (Iriswold
St., Detroit. Agents wanted in eveiy
fouuty in th" State.
Potter Palmer is about to build tbe
largest and most expensive private res
idence iu Chicago. It is to be situated
at the northwest cemer of Bank street
and lake shore drive, and will oout
$8()0,(HH) or more.
Important Nottoe-
Efficient, active men, with or with
out exerience in tbe business, are
desired by nhe Ctna Life Insurance
Ott to canvass iu territory wbare it
is not at present represented. Persons
desiring ,-in agency should addrese.
A.U.VVawmbh, Manager for Mich.,
ISO i-Uwald Ut US 1 Kill 1 MIOB

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