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Weekly expositor. (Brockway Centre, Mich.) 1882-1894, August 31, 1882, Image 2

Image and text provided by Central Michigan University, Clark Historical Library

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn2006060001/1882-08-31/ed-1/seq-2/

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John T. Durand, the oldest resident
of Jackson, died recently, aged 75 years. Ha
leares a wife, one son named Charles and a
daughter; Mrs. Mary Green.
The Grand Rapids & Indiana railroad
company have decided to build a new freight
hone at Kalamazoo.
Mrs. Garlield, mother of the late pres
ident, and her daughter, Mrs. M. G. Larabee,
and Master Harry Gai field, arriTed In Urand
Rplds from Ohio, and went to Jamestown to
Tls't relative.
Four prisoners overpowered the turn
ley ot the Bay county Jail recently. They were
Dan t'onnors and Theo. IVrry, alleged thieves;
Ed Johnson, In for false pretemes; and Geo.
Graham, a counterfeiter.
In the case of Johnnie Grant, the boy
who was shot through the brain while sitting
la a neighbor's doorway at Bay City a few days
ago, the coroner's Jury attribute his death to
Mra.Rvard. The theory 1b that she shot at
him, supposing be was a lad named Goelln. as
re was a feud between the GoBllns and Bi
rds. Ira A. Brown, aged 21 years, was in
tantly killed recently, at Hall's camp, north
of Farwell, by a rolling U.g. His neck was
broken and body badly crushed. His parents
reside at Farwell and his funeral was held
Hon. Byron Ballou, mayor of Cadil
lac, has resigned that office.
Wm. Johnson, a young man late of
East Saginaw, was killed by the cars near Yes
taburg, yest. rday
Rev. Levi Tarr, pastor of the M. E.
church at Portland, is about to leave for Spo
kan Falls, Vomlng tenl'ory, to assume the
presidency ot a college at that place.
Wm. Fennell, who mysteriously dis
appeared from Bay City a few weeks ago, has
turned up at Pulutb. Still this does not ac
count for the paper?, etc., found In the woods
near Toledo.
Judge Coleman, of Indianapolis,
while playing ten pics at Grand Haven laid
aside bis coat and a lad named Thomas Man!
gan stole his pocket book containing $1,500
worth of notes, etc. The youth has been sent
to a reform school.
A. B. Van Buren, aged 55, sawyer in
Mather's mill at Petersburg, was killed by a
breakage ot the machinery recently. He
leaves a family.
Among the bequests of the late Jes
sie Hoy t la suitable grounds and $100,000 for
the erection and maintenance of a public li
brary and raiding room la East Saginaw, and
also to the city for a j ubilc park a grove con
taining some twenty acres on Washington
J. C. Clark, the cashier at the Detroit,
Laming k Northern depot. Big Haplds, came
near losing $50, the money having been re
moved from the safe by a young man who
afterwards replaced the amount, although he
denies that he intended to steal It.
Elizabeth Davis, of Cadillac, mother
of Frank Davis, aged 82 yiars, was thrown
from the track by express No. 5. She will re
cover. Mrs. Garfield has built a new house
near Byron, Kent Co for Thomas Garfield,
brother of the late president.
As John Laird was going to work in
Saginaw City not long since he was attacked
ty Wm. Watson and John Garrlgan, who
struck and choked him, etc. When Laird got
away from them he procured a revolver and
again started forth. The two same at Llm
again, when Laird struck Watson with the butt
t the revolver, which was discharged by the
concuMloB, the ball entering Watson's arm. It
was later found that Laird's blow had fractur
ed Watson's skull, which was successfully tre
panned, and It Is thought he will recover.
Sympathy Is with Laird, who Is a peaceable
young man. He was not arrested, but has
himself sworn out an assault and battery war
rant against Watson and Garrlgan.
Street cars will probably be running
In Battle Creek before winter.
Unpaid notes given in aid of the
Peninsular car wo-k'e bonus In Adrian have
been placed in the bands of Messrs. Beau and
Underwood, and delinquents will be called up
on In a few dais.
Mrs. Wm. B. Hawkins, a pioneer of
'S3, died at Paw Paw last week.
It is thought the west side cars,
Grand Rapids, will run to the Union depet the
earlv Dart of this week.
A Muskegon man named Hendrix has
been "borrowing" suns of money at Grand
BaDlds. and skipping.
The conrentlon of Michigan sheriffs
at Grand Baplds last week wound up wltn an
excursion to Peteeke y.
No new arrivals at Jackson prison
In three weeks. Only 644 state boarders ther
now the smallest number lo 10 years.
G. A. Freston, who has been unable
to walk or do business since Injured by fall
on a bad Charlotte sidewalk a year age, has
sued that city in the United States court at
Grand Rapids for $5),000 damages.
Blinn & Weidman's mill at Deerfield,
Lenawee Con destrojed by fire last week,
makes the third institution of the kind burned
on the stme site. The opportune rainfall
i aved adjoining property AH the stock of
hoc ps, staves, headings, etc., burned. Insured ;
loss not knewo.
Stephen Vandresser, night foreman
in Emlaw's mill. Grand Haven, fell against a
running sun and mangled h's right arm In such
a manner that it Is feared It may be necesssry
to amputate It.
Nelson Lamare packed 47,000 shin
ties In ten hours at Ontonagon recently.
Mrs. Mary Rlvard, accused of killing
Johnnie Grant, Bay City, has been honorably
Reunion of Mexican veterans of
Michigan at Grand Rapid. September 28.
Isaac H. Parrish, Grand Baplds, will be the
Look out for frauds who promise to
secure old soldiers 150 acres of laid without
their having to lire oc it, for a fee of $10. No
Change In homestead law.
The survey of the Wisconsin fc Mich
igan railway Is now said to be completed to
the state line, where It will connect with the
Ontonagon A Brule River railway.
Some Michigan farmers are signing
orders" for carpets very cheap, and the next
day find their notes la bank for pajment
Mrs. Decker's house burned at Grand
Baplds; loss $700. The fire also damagel E
Meloard's grocery $600.
Two Lansing sisters, both married.
have been arrested for robbing a Grand Ledga
man of $300.
Tecumseh is alive on the F. & M.
railroad. Notes given one year ago have to be
renewed, and $5,000 have already been secured.
while the committee are still vigorously at
Fnineas Pearl, 90 years old, 50 years
resident of Barrlen county, died recently.
Button Broe, are buying 500 sheep
In Genesee county for their ranch in Kinsas.
N ew Greenville is to have a new depot
gut away.
C. E. Ring, South Saginaw, has in
vented a strange device for holding logs while
beirg cut
A Cincinnati boot and shoe factory
wants to locate at Flint.
Alpena mills will cut 175.000,000 feet
of lumber ttU season.
Dr. W. II. Palmer, of Jackson super
visor or the eighth ward and a prominent
grenbacker, has been arrested for embezzle
ment In converting to his own use 1 5 JO of
funds received at the plCDlc held for the benefit
of the blind policeman, Officer Schwelmer, on
the llth of July. He Is held to ball In $8 JO.
Tbe Buffalo Courier says: "Concern-
lng the report that the New York, Chicago A
St. Loals railroad, contemplated a Michigan
branch, President Cummings says that con
tracts have already been let for a btacch of
150 miles in length from Toledo to Allegan,
MIcSj, connecting at the latter point with the
Chicago & Western Michigan road, and g ving
access to Grand Havn and other Michigan
lake ports. When completed it will be operat
ed in connection with the Ohio Central, afford
ing an outlet northward for Ohio coal, and
southwest for Michigan lumber. The purpose
of (he syndicate Is to build next year from
Marshall, Mich., to junction with the Detroit,
Marquette & Mackinaw road In the Iron ore
regions. Cummlogssays money for the first
15 miles has been already subscribed.
East Rivor Bridge.
Marked progress has been made to
ward the completion of the East River
bridge. All of the floor beams have
been placed, the foot bridge is removed,
tho approaches have been brought al
most to completion, and the elevated
superstructure has been commenced
and is now progressing, having reach
ed a distance of ninety to one hundred
feet each way from each tower, and
the overfloor stays are correspondingly
The bridge is designed lo carry three
kinds of load: the outside road ways be
ing for wagon traffic, the middle one
for a promenade, with the railway
tracks on either side of it, and between
it and the roadways.
The approach on the Brooklyn side
differs from the New York approach
in having iron street bridges at all of
the streets. The New York approach
has but one iron street bridge, and this
is located at Franklin Square. All the
other streets are spanned by massive
arches of masonry.
The total weight of metal in this
bridge in round numbers is one thou
sand tons. Of this 1.058,279 pounds
are wrought iron, 82.002 pounds steel.
27,440 pounds steel pins, 146,891 pounds
cast iron. The widtn of the bridge
over all, 88 feet
Each cable contains 5,296 parallel
(not twisted) galvanized steel, oil coat
ed wires, closely wrapped to a solid
cylinder, 15$ mches in diameter.
Total height of towers above hieh
water, 278 feet.
Clear height of bridge in center of
river span above high water, 135 feet
The depots at the ends of the bridge
are to be elaborate structures of class
and iron. The one on the New York
side is to be 200 feet long and 59 feet
wide, with a platform on the bridge
end 70 feet long.
The cars will pass through the de
pot, and are shifted from one track to
the other on switches between the de
pot and end of the approach. Sci. Am.
Tho Wild Flowers ot Montana.
The wild flowers of Montana are as
abundant as those of the Alps, and
more varied. Choicest of them all, be
cause most delicate and fragrant, is a
white, star-shaped, wax like blossom
which grows very close to the ground,
and the large golden stamens of which
give out an odor like mingled hyacinth
and lily of the valley. The people call
it the mountain lily. There is another
lily, however, and a real one yellow
witn purple stamens that grows on
nigh slopes In shaded places. The yel
low flowering currant abounds on the
lower levels, and the stiems are often
Doraerea witn tmcKets or wild rose
bushes. Dandelions abound, but do
not open in full, rounded perfection.
The common blue larkspur, however,
is as well developed as in our eastern
gardens, and the little yellow violet
which In the states haunts the woods
and copses is at home in Montana, alike
in the moist valleys and upon the bleak.
dry hill-sides. Small sunflowers are
plentiful, the bluebell if. equally abun
dant in valleys and on mountain ridges
and in early June there blooms a unique
flower called the shooting star, shaped
like a shuttlecock. There are a dozen
other pretty flowers, but I could not
learn their names among them a low
growing mass the clumps of which are
starred over with delicate white or pur
pie blooms. is. v. tsmaiiey.
The Mississippi River Commission is
"taking notes."
Acting Secretary of the Treasury
French received a telegram from the Governor
ot Texas, asking the government to take charge
of the hospital and yellow fever patients at
Brownsville, Tbe Acting Secretary replied that
Surgeon Murray ot the Marine Hospital Service
at Memphis, had been ordered to proceed at
once to Brownsville, via Galveston, and the
Health Offloerct Brownsville had been request
ed to communicate with him Immediately upon
his arrival. A revenue cutter will meet Mur
ray at Galveston and convey him to Browns
ville. Br. Murray will at once take charge of
all hospital and sanitary arrangements there.
The Navy Department is in receipt
nf a lonx communication from Lieut. Barber,
U.S N , dated Yiska, Siberia, June 11, glvlntr
In detail the story ot h's preparations to search
for tbe Lena Delta. The news that De Long
and party had been found dead had reached
him. The main points of his narrkttve have
been published.
A general order has been issued from
the Fotfflee Department directing a dally
exchange of international mailt between St.
Paul and Breckenrldge, Minn, and the Cana
dian poBt'ifflees of Emerson and Winnipeg,
Manitoba. The exchange la to commence
Septemter 1, and to Include all international
correspondence except book pockets from
Canada for the Uolted States.
The postofllce department has made
an order establishing the free delivery system
at East Saginaw, Mich after October 1st
Since the adjournment of Congress
the Senate chamber and ball of the House of
Representatives have been uncarpeted, pre
paratory to a general cleaning up. lhe only
new work going on about the building Is tbe
Inclosing ot part of the space under the ro
tunda with a heavy brick walL This space Is
to be divided Into compartments In which vill
.be stored tbe books belonging to the Congres
sional librrry, which have mildewed In the
boxes in which they have been stored tor want
or air.
Mrs. Garfield has ea pressed a willing
ness to part with her late Washingt n residence!
and It la quite'iikely the house will be parches,
ei and used by the Ohio Bepubllca.1 Associa
Assistant Postmaster General Ilatton
has removed E. Oakley, postmaster at West
Fulton, N. Y , and appointed N. B. Fellows to
tbe vacancy. Oakley was removed for cheat-
By order of the Fresident, Acting
Postmaster-General Ha'ton has removed Mrs
Anna E. Thompson as Postmaster of Memphis
and appointed Jas. H. Smith.
An informal meeting of the cabinet
was held at President Arthur's house In New
York on the 21st lost. All tbe members except
Secretary Teller and Postmaster General Howe
were present There was no basinets trans
acted, and the session was more of a social one
than otherwise. The cause of the meeting as
explained by Secretary Folger and Attorney
General Brewster, was that as Secretaries
Lincoln, Chandler and Folger and tbe Presi
dent were In New York, Secretary Freilnghuy
sen in Newark, and Attorney-General Brewster
at Long Branch, It was thought beet to meet
and Inquire whether In either of the depart
ments It required Joint action. Nothing of
this nature came before the meeting. Both
Secretary Folger and the Attorney-General de
nied that changes in the heads of departments
had been discussed.
Yennor predicts a severe storm period
on the lower lakes toward tbe end of the pres
ent month and early In September. He also
predicts similar disturbances along the New
Jersry coast, and southward to and beymd
Charleston on tbe Atlantic coasL
The operatives who have been on a
strike at Cohoes,N.Y.t for so lng a time,
have virtually admitted defeat by flocking to
the gates of the mill for work. A full force
will soon be at work.
The state convention has nominated
Chas. C. Stockley tor governor
4The Empire coal mines, at Hopkins-
Tllle, Ky., caved In tne other day, killing John
Mclotoeh and John Dunning, and fatally
crushing a negro laborer.
President Arthur, while in Newport
R. I , held a reception, said to be the grandest
ever witnessed at this famous resort. Over
1,000 Invitations were sent nut The guests In
eluded all the distinguished foreigners i.m
merlng at Newport together with the residents
and American visitors. The President was
supported on either hand by Gov. and Mrs.
About 350 delegates met in Chicago
Augnst 23d and formed the National Prohibi
tion Convention.
Aside from the plank demanding
prohibition of the liquor traffic, the National
Prohibition Convention at Chicago engrafted
In Its pla'form a plank calling foi the en f ran
chlsement of women; also, one against poly
gamy, and one demanding 'the abolition of
executive, Judicial and legislative patronage;
selection of all officers by tbe people, so far as
practicable, and civil service reform In other
Sir Frederick Lei ghton, President of
the Boyal Academy at London, has written
to Wm. Cox Bennett LL. D., consenting to
add his name to the list of those willing to
promote the project of placing a bust of the
poet Longfellow in Westminster Abbey if
there be a precedent for such a step In concep
tion with a foreign poet. Mr. Bennett In re
ply, states he has no doubt about the admlssl
blllty of the bust and says: "The Americans
are not foreigners to ns, but one in blood,
language and Institutions, and share la com.
won the glory of our achievements."
Terrible rains have lately caused the
Concho rivers In Texas to overflow their banks
and flood the country. Hundreds of houses
were swept away, causing thousands ot dot
lars' worth of damage. The town of Ben
Flcklln Is all washed away, except the light
houses. The court house and Jail are a total
loss and unluf ured from loss by water. Tbe
people of 8an Angeles tried to render assist
ance, brt the raging water prevented. It is
impossible to cross the North Concho. The
country presents a spectacle which beggars
description. Houses, horses, cattle and cloth
ing are piled up la heaps at every step. The
oodles of Mrs. Metcalf and daughter are the
only ones found.
The dreadful Asiatic cholera is do
ing terrible work In the Celestial empire. Four
thousand natives died in the single province
of Philippine within a short time. The dls.
ease 1 said to bo on the decline.
The Texan cattle plague continues to
spread at Auburn, New York. One of the cattle
dieted with the fever was slaughtered and
the spleen taken out It was found to be rot
ten, weighing five pounds and three ouuees.
The spleen ot one of the healthy cattle killed
welgbed two pounds and one ounce. Uva
Cornell has been notified that stringent meas
ures will ).e necessary to stamp out the disease.
Articles of agreement have been
signed by James Eiilot and Wm. E. Hording
for Tug Wilson to TULt November 28, fo
12,51)0 a side, within 100 miles ot New Orleans.
The four story building in Fhlladel
phla occupied bv Q ia' planing mill, offices
and box factory and McCarthy's marble works
was destroyed by fire. Loss tlu.OUO; partly
Capt. James Anderson, of the steam
er J. B. Beosor, mot a horrible death at a
lumber camp on the Serpent river, Lake Su
perior. A heavy Iron grip used In loading
timber became loosened and in flying past
Capt. Anderson, fastened itself on his head,
literally cleaving his heal from his body.
Capt Anderson was well kuowa la every port
on the chain of lakes. The J. B. Benson was
owned by S. NeelsoB.of Sc. Catharloee, Ont,
and has been engaged la the Canadian timber
An insane woman named Mrs. Chap
man assaulted her sleeping husband, at
Worthlngtoo, Ind.,wlth a rszor and cut Lis
threat from ear to ear, severing the windpipe.
She was committed to an asylum.
The excursion steamer Thomas Clyde
was seized by the United States officials at
Philadelphia for carrying 631 passenger over
the number allowed by law. The penalty is a
fiae of 16.5J0.
Iled Cloud, who wanted to go on the
war-patb, has been arrested by the govern
As the fast White Mountain train
was rcnnlng through a dark hollow on the
Boston, Concord & Montreal R ad, near Woods
vllle, recently, and was rounding a curve on a
twenty-foot embankment, tbe engineer,
George Pebble, discovered an obstruction on
the track, reversed the engine and applied
the brakes, but the train struck the obstruction
a chain, placed there by design and plunged
down the bank. By a miracle nobody was
seriously, though several were severely hurt,
and the cars and locomotive badly damaged.
Bobbery was tbe evident purpose of tbe wreck
In a desperate fight at Fayettville,
Ark., between a deputy sheriff's posse and a
band of horse thieves, Webb, one of the sher
Ts men was killed and three of the robbers
couldn't stand defeat.
A special from Shelby ville, Ky., says:
Aleck Julian, brother of Ira Jalian, committed
eulclde oa th Fair ground a couple of days
ago by shoo tin? himself through the brain-
He was a candidate for Sheriff la the late
election and his defeat is believed to be the
It is evident that the ruined ex-Gov
ernor of Rhode Island Is daft. Some time ago,
t will be remembered, Trastee Chaffee sold tbe
Canonchat estate to Mrs. F. I). Moulton. Mr.
Chaffee repaired to tbe premises the other day,
in company with the purchaser, to deliver pos
session of tbe property, but was met by i
heavily armed lot of men and repulsed. The
entrances, lawns and roof were heavily guard
ed, while an anomalous flag was flying on the
house. Mr. Chaffee held an Interview with
Sprague'e boy, who said entrance would be re
sisted by rifles, GatUog guns, etc.. and conclod
ed to return to the city and call upon tbe sttte
of Rhode Island to ephold the law's dignity.
A special from Alma, Ark., says: At
Mount lnsburg Tom Simcoe, David Pope and
Frank Lane got into a quarrel when playing
cards. Lane drew a knife and cut Pope in the
abdomen, disemboweling him, and then fatally
stabbed Simcoe In the breast Pope lived one
hour. Simcoe is still alive. This morning at
last accounts Lane was In the hands of a mob.
and is believed to have been already lynched.
The majority of British troops have
been removed to Ismalla, on the Sun canal,
and future war news will become more inter
esting than ever.
A Suez correspondent writes: "I
have Just returned from Chalouf, where
witnessed the conclusion of the fight in which
253 of our men, including Highland, blue
Jackets and marines, brilliantly defeated twice
their number. The fight lasted from 11 o'clock
a. m. until nearly 5 o'clock In tbe afternoon,
Tbe firiogof tbe Highlander! was remarkable
for coolness and stead.ness. The Gatling
the tops of the gunboats worked with admlra
tie precision ana aia muca execuuon amo. g
the enemy, who advanced to within a hundred
yards cf the bank of the canat The success
was all tbe more brilliant owing to the ex
tremely difficult nature or the country, which
abounded with low ridges and water courses.
Lieut Lang, of the Highlanders, gallar-U
crossed a fresh water canal in tbe face of a hot
fire, and brought back a "boat thus enabling
a company ot each of fie Highlanders and
marines to cross and take the enemy on the
right flank. The enemy fought bravely
Their commander was killed.!
The Corporation of Dublin has passed
a resolution of sympathy with Mr. Grsy. The
resolution describes Gray's imprisonment as
arbitrary and oppressive, and expresses tbe
opinion that proceedings for contempt should
be regulated by statute. Tbe Conservative
members ot the Corporation were absent from
the meeting which pased tbe resolution.'
The noted French engineer was at
Ismalla a few days ago, and dined with Arab
Lord Spencer intends to examine the
affidavits submitted to him la the Gray Imp; Is-
onuent case, In order to learn If sufficient
grounds exist for Interfering with the due
course of law.
The Khedive of Egypt has issued a
proclamation Instructing Hi vit mi Hit s to
Implicitly obey Gar. Wolseley. l b Utter, says
the paper, If antunrfz?d to toro oraer In
A thorough reconnoissance reveals
the fact that Arahl has abandoned every posl
tlon betweeu Suez and lm tilia, and bis men
are la full retreat in the direction of Tel-el
Eaeber, at wh'cb point he will probably con
centrate bis forces and nuke the first stan
of any moment lu his effuts to reiel the
Bi I ish Invasion. Meanwhile he has succeed.
ed in cutting the canals between Cblbln Kunl
and Mabalet, 11 wdloar the Intervening country
This movement on the part of Arab! U regard
ed as very strategic, and wa evidenUy resort
ed to with the view of Impeding the advance
ot the British from the direction of the
Mediterranean. He has gathered 40,000
fellahs at Cairo and forced them to work oa the
entrenchments atthtt place.
General confidence is expressel in
diplomatic cirles arid by the press that the
moderate party has triumphed and that a mil
itary convention will be concluded, lord Duf
ferin's essential demands are already conceded
and the question o' form only awaits decision.
Over 100 women are on trial at Gross-
BetBkerek, Hungary, charged with poisoning
their husbands. Tbe guilt of thirty fiteof the
women has been proven.
our ex vice president.
Hannibal Hamlin is at Gibraltar and
will visit Tangier.
aid for arabi.
Some of the principal Arab mer
chants ot Port Said and Damletta have con
tributed money towards tbe cause of the rebels.
Five hundred horses have been sent to them
from Damletta. Wild stories are still circa
lated among the natives ot Arabl Pasha's
great successes.
Lord Dufferin informed Said Pasha
and Assym Pasha at Constantinople that his
government, yielding to the objections of the
Sultan, were prepared to waive tbe demand
that any movement of Turkish troops mast
be first approved by the British. Lord Dofferin
therefore proposed that the English and Turk
ish commanden should first deliberate to
getter, and If the English General should not
approve the proposed operations, the Turkish
commander would still be at liberty to carry
them out Said Pasha then urged that the
landing of Turkish troops in Alexandria was
indispensable for the future combined action
of tbe two armies. He suggested that the
Turks would make Alexandria, which the
Engllfh would evacuate, their base ot opera
tlons,wbile the British base should be hmailia.
As far as regards military affairs this Is tbe
only point of difference between Lord Duffer
la and the Por.e.
The lord lieutenant of Ireland has de
cided not to Interfere with Grsy's sen
Three thousand ship joiners have
struck at UiMrnw.
Says a dispatch from Alexandria,
Augnst 27: The losses on both aides in Thurs
day's fight are said to have been heavy. The
Egyptians' lots la killed and wounded reaches
475. During the battle Geo. Wolseley was eon.
spicuous by his activity, frequently being seen
In tbe most exposed positions along the lines.
A shell fired by tbe Egyptians passed over his
head, falling within a rod of the spot where he
was riding, and killing a horse near his own.
Elephants and Flowers.
The more I think about elephants,
ants, the more wonderful they seem to
be. The great, clumsy creatures are so
very knowing, so very lovine, and so
iikp numan icings in many of their
ouauiies. rnev Know their nnwor
well, and thy also know just when not
to use It Deacon ureen tells me that
keepers and trainers of elephants often
lie down on the ground and let the
huge fellows step right over the m. and
that they feel perfectly safe in doing
so, because they know the elephants
will pick their way carefully over the
prostrate forms, never so much as
touching them, still less treading on
them. Yet the mighty creatures can
brush a man out of existence as easily
as a man can brush awav a flv. Anri
what delicate taste they have delight
ed, a m loiu, wuu straw berries, cum
drops, or any little dainty of that kind!
They are fond of bright colors, too, and
travelers tell wonderful tales of seetnsr
elephants gather flowers with the
greatest care, and smell them, apparent
ly with the keenest pleasure. It la
true that they eat the same flowers
afterward but dear met 1 VR moon
girls do the same thing I Many a time
I've watched a little lady pluck a wild
rose, look at it a moment, sigh, "how
lovely P then open her pretty lips and
swallow the petals one by one. Whv
l I 1 tA -1 i .n
Buuuiun i au eiepn&nt r
Tho Marino Engine of the Future.
One need onlv reason from current
events and contemporary evidence to
deduce that tbe marine engine is rap
idly undergoing a change in character
which is so radical as to almost make
it another machine. The direction of
this change is chiefly in the velocities
at which it can be driven, which ia onlv
another way of saying that it is found
mai it can oe maae vastly more power
ful by increasing its speed. In itself
this U not a discovery, but the' poaaN
billties of speed in the pistons ot ma
rine engines nave only lately been rec
ognized. Engineers naturally feared,
in years past, to set large masses of
iron in motion at uign speeds at sea,
and not until the screw came in was
anything attempted in this direction.
Now there is scarcely any limit to the
speeds mat may be expected
The mere fact that a piston 75 inches
in diameter can be worked at 114.7
?ounds absolute, and make upward of
00 feet per minute, day in and day
out, under all ordinary circumstances,
is a fact that speaks with more force
than any combination of words or ar-
The marine engine of the future will
doubtless be a very much smaller ma
chine than the present one, speaking of
its size in feet and inches. Higher
pressure in the cylinder and higher
velocities in the ciank shaft will take
the place of lower pressures, larger
cylinders and low velocities. This will
be attained by better workmanship and
a better general knowledge of the con
ditions to be overcome.
When boiler making attains to the .
same perfection as engine making, we
may laugh at pressures that now seem
impossible and improbable. Mechani
cal Engineer.
Mackinaw Island.
This island was settled by two dIous
old monks of tho Catholic church, by
name, Father Jacques Marquette and
Father Claudius Dablon. in 1008.
While the French and English held
possession of this territory this island
was a part of Canada, but became part
of the territory of Virginia at the c'ose
of the Revolutionary war, although it
was not formally occupied by the
United States until 1796. Virginia had
In the meantime ceded to the United
States all of her territory northwest of
the Ohio river, and Congress by the
hi itorical ordinance of 1787, passed July
13 of that year, provided for its govern
ment as the Northwest territory. By
act of January, 1805, the territory of
Michigan was set off from the Indian
territory, the seat of government being
established at Detroit. By this act the
southern boundary liaeof Michigan was
established by a line struck due east
from the southerly bend or extreme of
Lake Michigan until it intersects Lake
Erie and the western boundary through
Lake Michigan and thence due north to
the northern boundary of the United
Slates, This includes on tbe south a
strip or territory now forming a portion
of the state of Ohio, a land since noted
for il3 hot-house growth of office-holders.
This does not include the northern
or upper peninsula of the now state of
Michigan. The upper peninsula con
tains, according to Lieut D. II. Kelton's
ixisiory oi AiacKt iac, 14,401,401 acres,
and Mackinac island proper, 2,221
Tne island is hilly and roucrh for the
most part, and the banks along the shore
in places are almost 300 feet in height.
A Curious Torpedo,
The latest offam-inir of Australian
destructive imrenuitv promises to be a
distinct success. Its motive power is
noi compressed air, neither is it con
tained in tne body or the torpedo. To
propel the weapon the water at asneed
of from 15 knots to 20 knots an hour
for 1,000 yards, a separate engine, or
at least a special connection with an
existing one, is necessary. This en
gine drives two drums, about 3 feet in
diameter, witn a velocity at their peri
pheries of 100 feet per second. Their
duty is to wind in two fine steel wires.
ix o. io guage, or ine same tort as thtt
used in the deep sea sounding apparatus
of Sir William Thomson. The rapid
uncoiling of tbese wires from two small
corresponding reels in the belly of the
fiib imparts to them, as may readily be
conceived, an extremely high velocity.
Tbe reels are connected with the shafts
of the two propellers which drive the
torpedo through the water. ' The pro
pellers work, as has long been known
to be necessary to injure straight run
ning, in opposite directions and both
in one line, tbe shaft of one being hol
low and containing the shaft of the
other. Now, at first sight It would
seem as if hauling a torpedo backward
by two wires was a sufficiently curious
way ef speeding it "full speed ahead,"
but it is found in practice that the
amount of "drag" is so small, as com
pared with the power utilized in spin
ning the resls that give motion to the
propellers, tbat it may be left out of
calculation altogether. Of course it is
at once seen that this method of pro
pulsion does away with the necessity
for air-compresaing engines and reser
voirs pressed to 1.500 lb. on the square
Inch, which, however carefully con.
structed, must always involve a certain
element of danger, however small.
Neither are any delicate little engines,
controlled and stopped by complicated,
though exquisite mechanism, required.
But these advantages, great as they
the power possessed by the user of the
Brennan torpedo to guide and govern
its course and movements.
Many experiments have been recent
ly made at Woolwich, and more espe
cially at Chatham, and there seems lit
tle doubt, as far as can be seen at pres
ent, that the new torpedo will prove
most valuable for the defense of har-

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