Newspaper Page Text
The Weekly Expositor.
DEL T. SOTTON, Pcblishxb. BROCK WAY CENTER. MICH GENERAL NOTES, Immediately upon the surrender and occupation of Cairo, Colonel Stewart sent for Arubi Pacha, who responded to the summons and came to the Abbas sieh, accompanied by Toulba, and was received by General Lowe. Turning to Dullier Bey, an ofllce in the Khe dive's service. Arabi asktdhimwha he was required to do. Dullier told him to surrender his sword. He was thet asked whether he understood that he was to surrender unconditionally. He replied 'Yes," that he surrendered to the clemency of England. He then began a speech to the effect that all men were brothers, but was stopped by General Lowe, who stated that his only mission was to receive his sur render. He then asked to be allowed to send to his place for some of his servants. This was allowed. As he was leaving, he started at the drawn swords of the escort, and whispered to Dullier, Tell the General I treated his prisoners well." He was assured that he should be treated with all consider ation until he was kanded over to Sir Garnet Wolselev. On the arrival of Sir Garret, he was taken by Sir Charles Wilson in a carriage to tho place prepared for him in the Abdin Palace. On the way he began making the us nal salaams to the crowds, but, finding the natives did not respond, he threw himself back in the carriage with dis gust. An advertiser in a recent issue of a Vienna newspaper revealed his truly desperate condition with such engag ing frankness that it is quite possible he received more applications than he could answer in a week, lnis is a literal transition of the advertise ment: "My baptismal name is Frede rick. I am no less reduced in circum stances than advanced in age and repulsive in person. If my inborn stupidity is exceeded in intensity by any of my other unpleasant character istics, it can only be so by my ingraiu ed malignity of disposition. Neverthe less I am anxious to marry, and take this means of offering myself as a candi date for matrimonial joys. Answers to this advertisement, under address, Who will venture? 6,265,' will reach me at the oflics of the Neue Wiener Tagellatt." John G. Whittier was asked to pre side at the VI Lth District Congression al Convention in Massachusetts, but he declined in the following letter: must beg leave respectfully to decline the honor of presiding at the Congres Bional District Convention on the 10th of October. The state of my health makes it doubtful whether I can at tend the convention, though as a dele gate and the warm personal and poli tical friend of Col. Stone I should be glad to do my part in again presenting to the voters of the VHth District a man of tried ability and integrity, whose life is a guarantee of his faith ful and efficient performance of every duty." Mr. Stone was renominated by acclamation. Two young men recently arrived at a toll bridge in the neiehoorhood of New-Haven in such a desperately moneyless condition that between them they could raise only just enough to pay for the passage of one. They ex plained the situation, but the toll keeper was obdurate. In an unguard ed moment, however, he acknowledged that a person had a right to carry i bundle over for a single fare,whereup on one of the paupers picked up his companion and ran over the bridge with him before the keeper had time to expostulate. A few years ago Paris was greatly interested In the case of a man who swallowed a fork, just now that city of sensations Is rejoiced at the recovery of a waiter at a cafe who, while divert ing himself with a gymnastic per formance not directly in the line of his profession, swallowed a toddy spoon with a long handle. He was carried to a hospital where the surgeons deft ly cut open his stomach and extricated the spoon from its perilous position. Speaking of the tariff question the Vicksburg Herald says that "Civil Ser vice Reform, the control of corpora tions, internal improvements, finance who Is to be the next President and all other questions combined, sink into insignificance compared to the tariff question. There is more at stake, and more liberty and labor Involved In it, than any question that has been dis cussed in American politics in twenty years." Father Ryau, the Southern poet priest, is lecturing in the South for the benefit of the Society of the Army of Tennessee in their endeavor to raise a monument to the memory of their fallen comrades. Mr. Knight, the new Lord-Mayor of London, began business life as a ware house porter in the city of which he is now Chief Magistrate, Arthur to Raoul -"Well, did you kill many partridges?" Not one I but still I am very well satisfied with my self I came much nearer than last yearl" French Fun. MICHIGAN. STATE JNEWd. Two hundred and sixteen "Jackson wagons" are uow inade each week at the state prison, there being 250 men employed on tbe contract A Jackson man threw his wife out of a buggy, Injuring her quite badly, and drove off, leaving her upon the ground. lie says he did it because he found her with her face painted In a manner he did not like. He was fined 15.00 P. P. Randolph, a wealthy and re spected merchant of Flint opened his store for business as upual In the morning, and while attending to his affairs fell dead of heart disease. Mattie Mosher, aged 27 years, daugh ter of Fred Valentine of Manchester, took poison and died the first of the week. She was of weak mind, having been deranged by reason of having been badly stung by been when a child two years old. This dwarfed her iihyslcdlly and mentally. 1 he only reason known for her fatal deed was her infirmities. Charles Hicks of Lapeer, was fatally Injured by the cars on the Detroit & Bay City railroad last week. He died a few hours alter. ward. Albert Hunnewell has accepted the superlntendency of the Tawas & Bay county railroad. Date C. Smith and L. II. Field, of Jackson, own a far" In Dakota, near Blanch ard, of 2,560 acres, 1,050 tinder cultivation, from which there will be taken this season 4, 500 bushels of oats, 2, 00 bushels of barley and 21,500 bushels of wheat. ;Burglars entered the store of Henry J. Woods, postmaster at Rives' Junction, broke (.pen the safe and stole about f 13 in money. "While the bookkeeper in the street railway office, Jackson, was collecting fare from the last car in, some tliief crawled through a window and carried off a box containing the evening receipts of the car, about $60. Aa a north-bound freight train on the Saginaw division of the Michigan Central was Hearing Bath station, a brakeman started to set th brakes, and was In tbe act of stepping across from one car to another when the train broke in two at that poiut and be fell between the cars. The train was then moving at the rate of 2) miles an hour, but strange to say he escaped with only a dislocated ankle. Lon Betts of Reading met with a se rious lo while fishing, lie wanted a hook which was in his pocket book which he took out and laid on hU knee. After fixing the hook on the line, he baited and threw It, forget ting to put np the book. The boat whs small, and In a few moments he found the book had slid off Into the lake. In It was a bank certifi cate of deposit for f 680; f 220 in cash, a gold ring worth f 8, a silver ring, etc. The value of tbe certificate Is all right, but the rest is lost up to present writing. James Kelly, of Owosso, a railroad man employed on the Mackinaw division of the Michigan Central railroad, was found drowned in Grand river near the Columbus street bridge in Jackson. He was about 25 years of asre. A child of Martin Hicks, of Brighton, fell Into aa old unused cistern breaking its neck by the fall. A fire broke out at l'ontiac in a building owned by Adam Shaft and 'occupied by T. Lamountain as a laundiy. Everything In the building was burned. The store north, occupied by Geo. Bower, shoemaker, was partially destroyed. The livery stable building south of the laundry building, was entirely bnrned. It was occupied on the lower floor ty Geo. Hicks, who saved his stock. The up per floor was used as a dwelling by Henry Prall and family. He is a steady, bard-work Ing young man and loses everything. Among his household goods was a new sewing ma chine and coal stove just set np. The family barely escaped with their lives. The boot and shoe store of John Chase was also partially burned and his Btock somewhat damaged. Tbe total losses on the buildings and stock will ivch f 15.C00; insurance, $5,000. Three stores were robbed at Kalkas ka tbe same night. A little over ou was obtained from them, the most of it being taken from McVeau's safe, which was blown open. A lumber jobber says that men are going in to work In the woods quite freoly and wages have slightly declined. Operators are offering 121 to $28 per month, and state they have no difficulty in obtaining men at these figures. An eight-year-old daughter of Geo. B. Why at, of near Whitehall, was fatally burned recently. Her mother sent her with a shovel full of hot coals to her father who was working in a field, and the wind blew tbe fire upon her so that her clothes cangb t fire. A reunion of ex-prisoners of war took place at Lyons this week. Many citizens from various parts of the state were present, and camp No. 2 was organized. Several able addreeees were made, and a banquet In the evening completed the good time. S. Mortimer, one of Lyons' oldest citizens, died recently. James A. Walker who for sometime has had charge of the Michigan Central Co's pn raping engine at Marshall, was found dead In bed at the Forbes house. Physicians state that death was caused by epilepsy. His home was in Convls. New postoffices have been establish ed at Episoolon, Emmet county.and Strong- vllle, Chippewa couuty. J. C. Benedict, one of the oldest bus iness men In Clayton, Is closing out his stock. preparatory to Investing In a Texas cattle, ranch. Talk of lowering Stone lake, Jackson county, three feet by means of a new outlet Into the Rilaln river. J. II. Halbert, of Flalnwell, lost his left arm In the machinery of His man & Ward's flouring mill, Battle Creek. He would have been killed had not the men stopped the ma chinery very quickly. The M. E. church of Grand Ledge has pal i its longstanding debt of 1 2,600. Walter Rossman, a 5-year-old boy of Grand Ledge, was sent one evening after tbe cow. Not having returned at 9 o'clock, the family became alarmed, the fire bell wa rung. the citizens called out and a general search Instituted, which resulted in finding Llm In neighbor's yard, under a grapevine and drench ed with rain He was afraid to go home with out the cow, which he bad not found. The roller skating season at Stanton hat opened auspiciously, and one young lady has already broken an arm. The venison market opens up at 20 cents per pound In the Interior cltiee of the state. It Is deer meat even at that price. By a misplaced switch recently an engine on tbe Tawaa A Bay county railroad wa thrown into a creek and wrecked. The hardware store of F. D. Jones of Bronaon was found to have been broken Into and f 512 takei from the safe. Tbe loss falls heavy on Mr. Jones who Is a young man just bt-glnblng business and on a mall capital. Mt. Clemens is to have a citizens' lecture course thia winter. Beckwith's livery stables and an ad joining building at Hastings burned last week. Loss about fl.C 09. The products of the reporting copper mines for the months of September are as follows: Calumet & Heclu. 1.C03 tODS, 1,880 pounds; Quincy, 825 tons, 250 pound; Frank lin, 170 tone, 28o pounds; Atlantic, 158 tons, 1,425 pounds; Allowz 100 tons, 885 pounds; Pewabic, 74 tons, 667 pounds. James Heddon, of Dowagiac, has over 400 bives of been to winter over this year. The Bangor chemical works made 150,000 pounds of acetate and 2,009 gallons of wood alcohol lant month. A New Michigan Ship Yard. John Craig, formerly of Linn & Craig, the well-known ship-builder, has purchased a ship-building site in tbe enterprising little town of Trenton. The location is one admirably adopted for a shipyard, having a large frontage on the river, with a good depth of wa ter. Abyut 300 feet from the mainland is a grassy island, which makes an ad mirable boomage and a natural ice harbor of refuge, so that the citizens will not be under the necessity, as were the vessel men of St. Clair, to get an appropriation for an ice harbor of ref uge. This place was used by the Northern Indiana and Michigan South em, the largest side-wheel steamers ever on the lakes, as their winter quar ters. Mr. Craig has still faith in the future of lake navigation, for he is con structlng a saw-mill 120 feet long by 30 feet wide, which will have a gang-saw known aa the Scotch gang, similar to the one lately destroyed by fire at the Detroit Dry-dock Company's yard. It will also have a circular saw six feet in diameter, which will be driven by an engine 20x24 inches, with plenty of boiler capacity. He is also constructing a mold loft 113x30 feet, and ofllce and a blacksmith shop. In about two weeks Mr. Linn will begin the construction of a steam yacht for M. S. Smith, which will be 150 fert in length on deck, 21 feet beam and 10 feet deep. She will have a compound engine of moderate power, and is ex pected to make about 14 miles per hour. She will be as staunch as wood and iron can make her and will cost f 40, 000. DETROIT MARKETS. Wbat No. 1, white tl H)J(? 1 01 Flour 74 e o Corn 71 Oats 40 itt Barley rfr cental 2 00 ( 2 AddIw hbl 2 00 & 2 oo 73 50 00 Peaches Sou 60 2 & 2 Pears ffbu 1 60 Plums Vbu 1 6) 60 fc? 2 5 J Urapes y lb Butter - 8X0 9 27 20 (t Eirtrs 23 Potatoes bu 40 Sweet Potatoes 1 bbl 2 25 Hay 18 00 Straw 7 00 Pork.mese .....25 25 Pork, family 27 50 Heef, extra mess 12 60 Wood. Hecb and Maple. 24 (4 50 S3 50 15 00 (ft 9 00 (i25 75 28 00 12 75 I ou Wood, Maple. 8 00 Woa, Hickory H uo Coal, Eg 8 25 Coal, Stove. 50 Coa), Chestnut. 0 60 -A - - - A Confederate Tribute. In an article descriptive of the bat tie of Spottsylvania, Mr. J. II. Moore, who was a member of the Seventh Tennessee ltegiment, says: "in con clusion, I desire to call the attention of those who participated in the battle of Spottsylvania to what appeared to me the most daring and desperate act of the war by any battery. On the morning of the 13th, while 1 was with in our works, I saw to our right, dis tant about five hundred yards, and about the same distance immediately in front of our artillery, a federal bat tery advanced at full speed, and there, in an open field, halt. The artillery men at once took out their horses and sent them to the rear, as much as to say We have come to stay.' This was within full view and within easy reach of our forty pieces. As quick as tbe horses were starting back every man of that battery was seen digging, yet I could hardly think they were in earnest, for 1 was satisfied that if our battery would but once open on them nut a man could escape. Presently our artillery opened, and as soon as the smoke cleared off I could see that dig ging with desperate energy was kept up by the survivors. Death and de struction, I thought, would be the por tion of the battery and its brave de feaden, for it appeared at times as if their very caissons were literally cov ered with bursting shells, yet, strange to say, a few gallant fellows survived the attack of the forty Held pieces, and amid showers of shot and shell, sue ceeded in throwing up tolerably secure works. Tbey came to stay and they did remain. This was the bravest act of the war, and in the hope that I may yet learn whom those gallant fellows were I mention the Incident.' No small degree of courage, or expe rience which begau with the exercise of courage, is displayed by workmen on lofty structures high buildings, bridges, chimneys and the like. There are many such men who work at eleva tions which make even the beholder diz y as he looks atf them from the firm ground below, but who are themselves perfectly at ease or profess to be, and who certainly attend to their business with an air of being thoroughly at home. There are doubtless a few men who are proof against derangement of the nerves at any height. But the number of this last-mentioned class is not so large as many may suppose. A part of the great Kinzua bridge, on the N. Y., Lake Erie & Western R, R,, reaches an altitude of from 218 to 302 feet; and although f 3 per day was of fered for workmen on this part of the structure, great difficulty was expert enced in obtaining a sufficient force. It appears from this fact that the intre pidity often shown in this regard is not in absolute quality, good for all heights and circumstances, but is subject bo limitations; and that a man may be a hero at 100 or 200 feet, and as timor. ous as an ordinal y mortal at 300 feet. Mechanical News' Never ask for a sample copy, but take half a dozen. "What does 'in memorlara mean, pa?" asked Billy. "Oh," said pa, be hind his newspaper, "it's nothing. It's something you write) on the tombstone of a man you are going to forget in a week." Lurlington Uawkeye, - NEWS OF THE WEEK. FOREIGN, ARABI AMDTHK JUKI MASSACBBS. Tho evidence of. Arabi's complicity In the Jane massacres U possibly enough to secure bis conviction, but it leaves little doubt that "not proven" rather than "not guilt)" will See the verdict of impartial minds. Tbe cor respondence between Arabl and various per eoi s wbldi fell Into Gen. Woisoley's bauds after the battle of Tel el Keblr has reached the foreign office. Eight hundred documents are la the correspondence. At the private investi gation of the rebel prisoners, moet of them ob jected to being questioned in regard to events which occurred prior to the outbreak, Arabl es pecially urging that they were covered by the general pardon issued by the Khedive, Arabl declares that the June massacre was precipi tated by tbe presence of the British fleet. WHO SHALL DECIDE, ETC. Sir Edward Malet announces that the trial of Arabl Pasha and associates will not proceed unless they are defended by English cmnsel, while the Egyptian ministry has In formed Sir Edward tbat It will not be respon sible for the government of the country If English counsel introduces a method of pro cedure unknown to Egyptian courts. THB SELF CONFESSED ASSASSIN. Says a Dublin dispatch of the 16th : "Three London detectives bave arrived with three of the crew of the Gladstone on which Westgate, the self accused assassin of Lord Frederick Cavendish and Under Secretary Burke, sailed for the West Indies. The sailor were subjected to a searching examination. the authorities determined thoroughly to sift West gates story to quiet tbe public mind. Westgate probably will be brought hme for tbe samo purpose, but the police firmly adhere to tbe belief that Weetgate is crazy, and that his assertions are unworthy of belief." THE IRISH NATIONAL CONFERENCE. Pari ell presided over the Irish na tional conference which met recently at Dub lln. There was a large attendance of dele gates, Including all the extremists among the Irish members of parliament The leading speakers of the day were Parnell, Davltt and O'Connor. A letter was read from Egan at Paris resigning tbe ofllce of treasurer of the land league and giving an account of the funds which he bas bandied in his ( fflclal capacity. The scheme for the establishment of an Irish national league, heretofore given in detail in the cable dispatches, was adopted. A SEVERE WCMEDT. The letter of an official of the de partment of public domains is published de dating Egypt is in a state of ferment which can only be cured by the execution of the leadets of the rebellion. THE INDICTMENT AGAINST ABABI. It is believed the following will con stitute the chief .counts of the Indictment against Arabl Pasha: 1. That In violation ff the right of nations, he hoisted a white flig in Alexandria and under cover thereof retired with bis troops and gave np the city to fires u J pillage. 2. Tbat be excPed Eirjptlsns to arms against the Khedive. 3. t hat be continued the war deeplte news of peace. 4. With naviug incited civil war, devastation, massacre and pillag in Egyptian territory. AN ARMI BE-OROANIZ ATION SCHEME. That the power of England in Egypt did not cease with the laying down of aims end capture of the rebels at Kafr el-Dwar, is demonstrated by the news that tbe Egyptian Council of Ministers has adopted the prelimi nary scheme of Biker Pasha for the reorgan Izntlon of the Eg) utlan army. Baker recom mends that the field officers of each regiment. battalion, battery, etc., be one balf British and one-half Egyptian, an J that the other officers, from the rank of captain downward.be select ed from Egyptians, .lbanlans and others 1 ready in the service of the Khedive. The staff will consist of an equal number of British and Egyptians. Tbe expense of the army will be 318,000 yearly. Tbe gendarmine will be ffl. cered by Egyptians, but will bave two British inspectors. Baker Pasha considers that Oue of the principal a1vantAgs of bis scheme will be a healthy emulation between the regiments commanded by British officers and those com manded by native officers. Tbe army will number 11,000 men. IRELAND BETTER. Trevelyan is pleased to say that in Ireland the relafons between landlords and tenants are Improving, rente are being fairly paid and Intimidation is decreasing. THE OKRMiN ELECTIONS. In all the great towns where the Catholics do not predominate the elections resulted In favor of the Liberals. Tbe Llbsr ala gain SO vwtes In the diet from Conserva tives. In several new districts in the vicinity of Berlin and Potsdam the Conservatives bave bsen victorious. No one party will have a majority in the new chamber. In order to obtain a majority It would be necessary for the government to enter into an alliance with Clericals and Conservatives. LET US HAVE PEACE. At the final sitting of the interna tional arbitration conference at Brussels, Ger many, Herr Laeker, a member of the German relchstag, and one of the delegates to tbe con ference, declared tbat Germany, especially iberal Germany, was at heart pacific. "If the country which is our western neighbor," said he, "wishes peace as sincerely as we do, peace la assured." THE MODE OV PBOCKDCBB. According to the agreement between Broadley and Napier, Arabi's counsel, and the; government lawyer, In regird to tbe course of procedure, the Eoglish counsel will have ac cess to Arabi and the right of recalling wit nesses for the prosecution for cross examina tion, of calling witnesses for tbe defense and of examining evidence given during tbe pre liminary investigation. The counsel expect the Egyptian Government will appoint sev eral additional members on court-martial who will be able to speak Eoglish, and will gener ally take steps to raise the proceedings to the dignity or a great State trial. THE COBBAN DIFFICULTY. The Corean King has issued a pro clamation In which be accuses himself of em ploying incompetent Ministers and of neglect ing the welfare of his kingdom and people. He promises a full amendment There Is much doubt as to the whereabouts of Tat In Knn, father of the Corean King, and Instigator of all the disturbances. He was Inveigled on board a Chinese ship of war and transported to China. He refnsed ta mest LI Hung Chang at Tientsin and by universal report waa taken to Peking. Three high Commissioners have arrived In China from Corea bringing a peti tion from the King tint tbe captive be released and restored to the Coi ean Government. It is not generally believed be has been released and the Japanese camp isiUIl kept ap to pre serve order. A Chinese cmp Is also stationed at ZmL Fugitive Con-ant dally seek protec tion In the Japanese csmp agaidet the aggres sions and outrages of the Chinese soldiers. The Chinese authorities bave promlied to ad vance the money required for the Corean in demnity if Corea is' unable to raise the amount CHIMIN AL W AT TEES. A STABTLINO 8TOBT. ITarry Cooper, a Toronto merchant who ha 1 beeD-mlssed for ten days, was taken home the other evening. He stated that he bad Deeu knocked down in the street at To lonto, drugged and driven over 80 miles to Niagara Falls in a carriage, where be wa kept drugged in a house for seven days. At last, while his captors were asleep, he tied his sheets and blankets together, and escaping through a window ran three miles to the hotel. His kidnappers abused him shamefully, frequently beating him and they told him they would kill blin unless be could raise money to buy his freedom. He was nearly exhausted from the effects of the drug when found. The kidnappers relieved him of his money and watch, lie was to be married in a few days. COCKE BELL OC r ON BAIL. A warrant has been sworn out charg Ing Col. Cockerell with murder in the second degree, aud be hks been released on a 110,000 bond. At a meeting held at the;directors' room of the St. Louis exchange to consider measures for the relief of the family of Col. Slay back be tween $5,000 and 16,000 waa subscribed to aid in lifting a mortgage of 912.0G0 on the family residence. The remainder will be Dromutlv raised. Among tbe persons present was John McCullough, the actor, an old and warm friend of Cockereh's and one who deeply sympathizes with him in bis present trouble. As a token of this sympathy and aa evidence of bis bin cere desire to be of service to the family of the man who fell at the hand of bis friend, he offerad to give a benefit for tbe widow and children of Col. Slayback, which was favorably received. and a committee appointed to make tbe neces sary arrangements. On motion of one of the prominent members of the exchange tbe choice f seats at the theatre will be sold on 'change. It is expected that a large sum will be raised in this way. Mr. McCullough will play "Julius Caesar. SEVERAL DEATHS. Rapid aud accurate shooting with gun and pistol in a business street of Knoxvl'Je, Tennessee, settled a feud and produced tbe In stantaneous deaths of Gen. J. A. Mabry, J. A. Mabiy, Jr., and Major Thbs. O'Connor. POLITICAL POINTS. BAD FOB TENNESSEE. By a singular blunder on the part of the Tennessee legislature, three counties were left unasslgned to any congressional district. A special session to remedy the defect is sug gested. A DEAD LOCK.BBOKEN. The Oregon legislature, which has earnestly been balloting at various k times since its first meeting, haa'at last succeeded in choosing a United States senator, Mr. J. N. Dolpn, Bobublican, receiving 1 votes on the 4Ut ballot Mitchell held his etrength until the 26tb ballot when his supporters began to go over to Dolph. ADDITIONAL MEWS. THE STAB BOUTS BRIBER!. Col. Ingersoll has verrified the pre diction of Attorney-General Brewster by mak log public divers affidavits going to show that "several of the jurymen in tbe late star route trial were corruptly approached by employes of the department of justice, and that these employes regularly reported their proceedings frcm day today to the department or some of fioer thereof." Mr, Merrick of government counsel, holds the publication to be a cheap at tempt to forestall public opinion. THE COCKTRY'S CROP. Agricultural department reports show a generally good condition and fair average yield of oats, wheat re, barley, buckwheat and potatoes. STAB ROUTE MATTERS. The annual report of the second as sistant postmaster general will show a de cided Increase in mileage of the star route ser vice for the last fiscal year aa compared with that of the year ended June 80, 1880, when the average mileage was thought to have reached Its maxlum. Tbe report will also show that, notwithstanding this Increase in mllenge the cost of maintaining the service has been le than in 1880 by more than 91,' 000,000. It Is estimated that the star ronte service for the fiscal year ending June 80, 1S84, will cot It ss than the service of the cur rent fiscal year (1882-3) by about 9543,889. FA r ALLY INJURED. A New York traveling man named J. G. Moore got off the train at Fostoria, O. to send a dispatch. The cars starred sooner than he expected and in running to jump on be fell over a trunk on the station platform sustaining fatal injuries. AN EX K.O.OONE. Judge Edward Hammond died in Howard Co., Md, aged 74. He was a mem ber of congress from 1849 to 1853. STATISTICS OF BAILWAT MAIL 8EBVICB. On June 30, 1882, there were in op eration 769 railway post offices, conducted in 842 whole cars and 1,462 apartments in cars and were run over 87,863 miles of railroad making ,76,741,438 miles of fcnnual service There were employed on these lines 3,122 railway postal ' clerks In addition to which 162 clerks were detailed as transfer clerks (formerly known as "local agents") and 286 were detailed as chief clerks and for other clet leal duty in connection with service at offices of the general and divis ion superintendents and other prominent points when needed, and were employed upon steamboats making a total of 8,570 oostal clerks in the service, with salaries aggregating 13,46,779, or an average annnal salary of 9976. During the year the railway postal clerks handled and distributed 2,155.213,880 letters and postal cards, and 1,278,176.600 pieces other mail matter, or a total of all classes of ordinary mall matter of 8,433,390,480, besides 14,234,800 registered packages and 570,483 through registered pouches. There were 83 Casualties, in which three railway postal clerks lost their lives, 16 were seriously and 20 slight ly wounded. Superintendent Thompson rec ommends that congress authorize tbat widows or guardians of minor children of railway postal clerks killed while on duty be paid a sum equal to two years' salary. He adds that this need not Involve an additional appropria tion, as the deductions from pay for failure to perform services, absence without leave,, leave of absence without pay and violation of regu lations could be constituted a permanent ap propriation for the purpose. Last year these deductions amounted to nearly 915,000, which reverts Into the treasury. Estimates for next year: For railway postal clerks, 93,977,120, an Increase of 7.20 per cent over the appropriation the present year: for postofflce cars, 91,626,000 an increase of 9100,000 over this year, and for special facilities, 1600,000, tbe same at the present year. THEIB WOBK. The national liquor dealers' and brewers' association at Milwaukee formally adopted Its new name the personal liberty league of America and elected a full list of f.ffioers. The plan of the league Includes the formation, through the effort of specla agents and agitators, of local, district anj state leagues throughout the country. WHVBE IT WILL BE HELD. A world's cotton exositlon to be held In 1881 was decided upon by the natloral cotton planters' assrcl'tlon, which concluded its sessions at Little Bock recently, having vot ed to meet next yar at Vicksburg. AN AWFCL DISASTER. Adispa ten from North Adams, Mass., gives particulars of a terrible railroad accident. The caboose of tbe worklcgmen belonging to the North Adams freight yard was run Into tbe other morning, and terribly mangled. About 6:30 a. m. Engineer Charles Wells and Fireman Jos. Bostley left the North Adams depot on tbe engine Deer field on the State road pushing a caboose with 3J mou, goiug to work at different places near Zoar and Charlemont. The parties in the car Included a section gang, John Flynn, foreman; a gang of masons, John C. Madden, foreman ; stone crushers. Peter Bar ry, foreman; track layers, Thoman Oilna, fore man, and carpenters, J. J. Peckbam, foreman. rhe engine and caboose started for the tunnel and had gone about halt way there when the caboose, which wns In front, collided with Troy and Boston engine. The caboose was raised from tbe tracks aud carried to tbe cow catcher of the engine Deerfleld. The front of the engine was smashed, and Its boiler soon exploded. Tbe steam blew open the door of the caboose and filled the car. Many of tbe men were unable to rencb the doors, and In tbe stampede many bonea were broken, Tbe boll Ing water and steam saturated tbe men's cloth Ing in a moment, and tbey were fearfully burned. All tbe Injured were carried to bouses, All day tbe doctors' offices were crowded with anxious friends beseeching them to first attend their Injured, among others Icjared are tbe following: Joseph B istley, fireman, eyes burn edout, badly scaldid; Charges Wells of tbe Deerfleld, burned slightly, will recover; John Flynn, burned about tbe limbs and cut In sev eral places, will probably recover; John ( Madden, aged 22, burned on back and sides, dangerous; John Madden ecAlled beverely and it i thought internally injured, may recever Peter Barry, another foreman, badly cut about tbe face and head in collision, and fearfully scalded; his face not recognizable; he will probably die; aged 45; wife and ten cUlldren Thomas Qalnn, scalded on fice, arms and neck scalp wounds, will live; J. J. Peckham, master bridge builder, not serlou ly hurt, but badly scalded about shoulders and face; C. L. Van Husan, telegrapher, aged 21, of Valatie, N. Y. skin burned all over badly; flesh on limbs burned off; will die: Daniel Coanell, scalp wound, face and neck burned ; not dangerously kjured; Charles H. Patterson, burned about limbs and breast; will probab'y recover; John Maloy, seriously burned about breast and abdo men; aged 45; large family; Thomas Deps-y burned, not dangerously; John Young, scalded and otherwise Injured; carried borne and kept under irfluence of opiates; coudition doubtful Manager Locke states tbat the accident was caused by theTro- & Bostrn etfclaa becoming uccoup.'elfrom Its cars and coming back Into the yard by tbe tastein malu track, which lj should not bave done, it was very foggy and the engineers were unable to see one another locomotives. The locomotive was Lushing the caboose to a switch to get the cars behind tbe engine, and tbe collision, which was very light hemmed the caboose between the two engines, and the draw-bar of tbe caboose J immed a hole through the front p.ate of tbe fine sheet. Tbe road's Instructions are that when an employe backs a car into the yard to go around by tbe west track and flag themselves as tbey go. The Troy A Boston bad no right to bring his engine round by the east track, and did it direct viola tion of the rules. This act of Engineer Watson of the Troy & Boston la primarily the cause of tbe accident NO OBOUNDS. The court appointed to investigate the charges agaiist Col. Carr for alleged wrong-doing previous to and during the Indi an trouble in the territories Instead of finding cause for court-martial, com meed bis course and recommend that the specifications bt not made subject for trial. THE EUEOPEAN CANAL. Union of the North Soa With Mediterranean. the The object of the European canal is to unite the North Sea with the Medit erranean by a navigable and maritime canal, accessible to the largest trading vessels, and which will unite the seas of China and Australia with the Atlan tic and the Gulf of Finland The pro ject is not a modern one, for the Iiom ans, and before them them the Celts, had foreseen the great advantages to be derived from the junction of the seas of Gaul by means of its rivers. The scheme was grand, but it was necessary to study and furnish the means of put ting It into execution. In 1878 rrince G. de Beam, published the project of a canal between Marseilles and Don kerque," passing by Paris, Lyons, and others of the richest towns in France. This project, largely planned as much from an agricultural as an industrial point of view, had the advantage of opening a direct and sure road to the vessels proceeding from England and the commercial ports of the north which could thus cross the continent and avoid the dangerous passage around Spain by the Straits of Gibraltar in or der to reach the east. As the canal would realize between the North Sea and the Mediterranean a saving of dis tance of 2,000 kilometers, it would be found that the maritime commerce of Europe jvould benefit by about 175.' 000,000 francs. Best of all, Faris would thus become a seaport. A Spot Transaction. 'Twas Sunday evening. Sunday evening in June, when the sky was soft and the breezes balmy. They two the same two that have sat in each other's presence all these ages sat in the parlor by the open window in that dreamy, listless state that precuraes something important. "Jane," said he dropping the dimin utive 'Jennie' in order to be more im pressive, "Jane, it is about time that a young man like myself was thinking about about settling down for life." "Yes, George, yes," and she leaned a little towards his shoulder. "Could I depend on you? That is, will you be mine?" "I can't tell you to-night, George. Some time in the future "But I'm not speculating in futures now, Jane." This little modernism thrown in carelessly as it were, had the desired effect, and they will go to Saratoga about the last of the season. Oil City Blizzard. The privilege of being a young man is a great privilege, and the privilege of growing up to be an independent man in the middle of life is greater. THE NATIONAL CHOP HEPOET Michigan One of the First Potato 8tatos This Year. The Department of Agriculture re ports that the average yield of oats will be somewhat higher than last year or in 1879, and the product nearly as large as that of wheat, probably about 480,000,000 bushels. Illinois, Iowa, New York, Wisconsin, Missouri, Penn sylvania, Ohio, Indiana and Kansas are the states highest in rank in pro duction. The average yield of rye, averaging from state returns, is fourteen and seven-tenths bushels, making tbe crop 20,000,000 bushels, or nearly the same as reported by the census. The indicated average yield of bar ley is about twenty-three bushels per acre, aggregating 45,000,000 bushels. California, New York and Wisconsin together produce more than half, or 27.000,000 bushels. The product in 1879 was 44,000,000 bushels. The prospect for buckwheat is good for nearly an average product 11.OJ0,- 000 to 12,000,000 bushels. Pennsylva nia produces nearly balf the crop :nd reports 95 as the average of condition, 100 representing the full normal yield. New York makes an average of 75. No other states produces 500,000 bush els. The general average condition of po tatoes is 81. In the South, in the Ohio Valley and in Michigan, Missouri and Neoraska the average is 100 to 106. In the Northwest and in the Eastern and Middle States the condition is lower. It is 70 in New York, 8$ in Maine and 84 in Vermont. The returns indicate a yield of 80 bushels per acre on an area of nearly 2,000,000 acres. The yield per acre of corn will be re ported in November. The condition averages 81, being very high in the South and comparatively low in the States of the largest production. In Illinois (with eight per cent, decrease of area) the condition is only 72; in Iowa, 70,and.in Ohio, 87. These three States produced forty per cent of the crop of 1879. A' careful comparison of changes in area and condition indicates an average yield of seventy-eight bush els per acre, against fifty-eight in 1870 and eighteen last year. The average of the series of years is between twenty-six and twenty-seven bushels. New England will produce, according to the October returns, seven to eight millions, the Middle States eighty-two millions, the Southern 340,000,000, those north of Tennessee and west of Virginia and Pennsylvania 250.000,000, an aggre gate of 1,680,000,000. Later returns may slightly reduce, but cannot ma terially increase this estimate. The Egyptian Slave Trade. Now that England has subdued the Egyptians and is practically responsi ble for their behavior, it becomes a serious question what to do with the slave trade, which has been carried on by the Bedouins for centuries. The emirs aud sheriffs meet on the borders of the Red Sea, as near Souakin as pos sible, in November of each year, when they determine the kidnapping ground of each tribe, and the roads to be taken, that one tribe may not interfere with another. Bonds are given for the ful fillment of this compact, and a number of maidens are for better security con signed by each tribe to the Jemmah tribe, which acts as referee, and keeps them as hostages until the tribes re turn, when, if it is proved that a tribe has broken faith, the maidens deposited by that tribe are handed over to the tribe that has been injured. Having made their arrangements they break bread, share salt and pass tbenarghileh, without which no Bedouin compact is considered sealed. Each tribe then starts on the route assigned to it. So secret are these plahs that, although the Nubians, Abyssinians and Soudan ese are always on the alert, they sel dom know of the presence of Bedouins until it is too late. The Bedouins hide for a few days in the vicinity of each village which they intend to raid, and, after ascertaining the number of vil lagers, their habits and means of re sistance, proceed on their voyage into tbe interior until they arrive at the end of the country which their agree ment entitles them to pillage. The tribe retraces its footsteps, and attacks village after village, each according to a pre-arranged plan. Various methods are employed. One is to set fire to a village in many places simultaneously, and as the terrified inhabitants escape from the conflagration they fall into the hands of the Bedouins, who in variably murder the old men and wo men and the very young children, but carry off those between 15 and 12 years old. The houses and mud huts which have escaped the fire are ran sacked, and t he slaves are made to car ry the booty. The poor creatures are chained together, and often carry goods and drive cattle once their own. They are kept together in a large cir cle formed by the Bedouins on horse back. Foreign and anti-slavery so cieties have repeatedly attempted to put a stop to this, but bave failed, on account of the distance from civiliza tion at which these countries lie. Of late many disti lets have been entirely depopulated, and unless stringent measures are taken the whole of npper Egypt, including the Nubian and Kar tum Nile regions, will be deserted. On their arrival in the vicinity of Souakim the Bedouins find plenty of ready pur chasers for their slaves. These come from Afghanistan, Turkestan, Persia, Beloochistan and Arabia, and very often from Zanzibar; and although British men-of-war are constant ly cruising off this coast it is seldom that a slave widow is captured. The men and women are sold for do mestic or agricultural purposes, and those of the young girls who are like ly to become pret ty are sent to the seraglios of Constantinople. The boys fare even worse. One use they are put to is service in the Persian pearl fisheries, where the little fellows are thrown into 18 or 20 fathoms of water, each with a heavy bag around his neck, and told to drown or bring up oysters. Not more than SO per cent ever rise to the surface, but this is comparatively a small loss to tbe Persian pearl seeker, who can buy a boy for 30, and who knows that a boy who does return to the surface la worth $150 to $200.