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Weekly expositor. (Brockway Centre, Mich.) 1882-1894, October 26, 1882, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn2006060001/1882-10-26/ed-1/seq-2/

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The Weekly Expositor.
DEL T. SOTTON, Pcblishxb.
Immediately upon the surrender and
occupation of Cairo, Colonel Stewart
sent for Arubi Pacha, who responded
to the summons and came to the Abbas
sieh, accompanied by Toulba, and was
received by General Lowe. Turning
to Dullier Bey, an ofllce in the Khe
dive's service. Arabi asktdhimwha
he was required to do. Dullier told
him to surrender his sword. He was
thet asked whether he understood that
he was to surrender unconditionally.
He replied 'Yes," that he surrendered
to the clemency of England. He then
began a speech to the effect that all
men were brothers, but was stopped
by General Lowe, who stated that his
only mission was to receive his sur
render. He then asked to be allowed
to send to his place for some of his
servants. This was allowed. As he
was leaving, he started at the drawn
swords of the escort, and whispered to
Dullier, Tell the General I treated his
prisoners well." He was assured that
he should be treated with all consider
ation until he was kanded over to Sir
Garnet Wolselev. On the arrival of
Sir Garret, he was taken by Sir Charles
Wilson in a carriage to tho place
prepared for him in the Abdin Palace.
On the way he began making the us
nal salaams to the crowds, but, finding
the natives did not respond, he threw
himself back in the carriage with dis
An advertiser in a recent issue of
a Vienna newspaper revealed his truly
desperate condition with such engag
ing frankness that it is quite possible
he received more applications than he
could answer in a week, lnis is a
literal transition of the advertise
ment: "My baptismal name is Frede
rick. I am no less reduced in circum
stances than advanced in age and
repulsive in person. If my inborn
stupidity is exceeded in intensity by
any of my other unpleasant character
istics, it can only be so by my ingraiu
ed malignity of disposition. Neverthe
less I am anxious to marry, and take this
means of offering myself as a candi
date for matrimonial joys. Answers to
this advertisement, under address,
Who will venture? 6,265,' will reach
me at the oflics of the Neue Wiener
John G. Whittier was asked to pre
side at the VI Lth District Congression
al Convention in Massachusetts, but
he declined in the following letter:
must beg leave respectfully to decline
the honor of presiding at the Congres
Bional District Convention on the 10th
of October. The state of my health
makes it doubtful whether I can at
tend the convention, though as a dele
gate and the warm personal and poli
tical friend of Col. Stone I should be
glad to do my part in again presenting
to the voters of the VHth District a
man of tried ability and integrity,
whose life is a guarantee of his faith
ful and efficient performance of every
duty." Mr. Stone was renominated by
Two young men recently arrived at
a toll bridge in the neiehoorhood of
New-Haven in such a desperately
moneyless condition that between them
they could raise only just enough to
pay for the passage of one. They ex
plained the situation, but the toll
keeper was obdurate. In an unguard
ed moment, however, he acknowledged
that a person had a right to carry i
bundle over for a single fare,whereup
on one of the paupers picked up his
companion and ran over the bridge
with him before the keeper had time
to expostulate.
A few years ago Paris was greatly
interested In the case of a man who
swallowed a fork, just now that city of
sensations Is rejoiced at the recovery
of a waiter at a cafe who, while divert
ing himself with a gymnastic per
formance not directly in the line of his
profession, swallowed a toddy spoon
with a long handle. He was carried
to a hospital where the surgeons deft
ly cut open his stomach and extricated
the spoon from its perilous position.
Speaking of the tariff question the
Vicksburg Herald says that "Civil Ser
vice Reform, the control of corpora
tions, internal improvements, finance
who Is to be the next President and
all other questions combined, sink into
insignificance compared to the tariff
question. There is more at stake, and
more liberty and labor Involved In it,
than any question that has been dis
cussed in American politics in twenty
Father Ryau, the Southern poet
priest, is lecturing in the South for
the benefit of the Society of the Army
of Tennessee in their endeavor to raise
a monument to the memory of their
fallen comrades.
Mr. Knight, the new Lord-Mayor of
London, began business life as a ware
house porter in the city of which he
is now Chief Magistrate,
Arthur to Raoul -"Well, did you
kill many partridges?" Not one I but
still I am very well satisfied with my
self I came much nearer than last
yearl" French Fun.
Two hundred and sixteen "Jackson
wagons" are uow inade each week at the state
prison, there being 250 men employed on tbe
A Jackson man threw his wife out
of a buggy, Injuring her quite badly, and drove
off, leaving her upon the ground. lie says he
did it because he found her with her face
painted In a manner he did not like. He was
fined 15.00
P. P. Randolph, a wealthy and re
spected merchant of Flint opened his store for
business as upual In the morning, and while
attending to his affairs fell dead of heart
Mattie Mosher, aged 27 years, daugh
ter of Fred Valentine of Manchester, took
poison and died the first of the week. She
was of weak mind, having been deranged by
reason of having been badly stung by been
when a child two years old. This dwarfed
her iihyslcdlly and mentally. 1 he only reason
known for her fatal deed was her infirmities.
Charles Hicks of Lapeer, was fatally
Injured by the cars on the Detroit & Bay City
railroad last week. He died a few hours alter.
Albert Hunnewell has accepted the
superlntendency of the Tawas & Bay county
Date C. Smith and L. II. Field, of
Jackson, own a far" In Dakota, near Blanch
ard, of 2,560 acres, 1,050 tinder cultivation,
from which there will be taken this season 4,
500 bushels of oats, 2, 00 bushels of barley and
21,500 bushels of wheat.
;Burglars entered the store of Henry
J. Woods, postmaster at Rives' Junction, broke
(.pen the safe and stole about f 13 in money.
"While the bookkeeper in the street
railway office, Jackson, was collecting fare
from the last car in, some tliief crawled through
a window and carried off a box containing the
evening receipts of the car, about $60.
Aa a north-bound freight train on the
Saginaw division of the Michigan Central was
Hearing Bath station, a brakeman started to
set th brakes, and was In tbe act of stepping
across from one car to another when the train
broke in two at that poiut and be fell between
the cars. The train was then moving at the
rate of 2) miles an hour, but strange to say he
escaped with only a dislocated ankle.
Lon Betts of Reading met with a se
rious lo while fishing, lie wanted a hook
which was in his pocket book which he took
out and laid on hU knee. After fixing the
hook on the line, he baited and threw It, forget
ting to put np the book. The boat whs small,
and In a few moments he found the book had
slid off Into the lake. In It was a bank certifi
cate of deposit for f 680; f 220 in cash, a gold
ring worth f 8, a silver ring, etc. The value
of tbe certificate Is all right, but the rest is lost
up to present writing.
James Kelly, of Owosso, a railroad
man employed on the Mackinaw division of
the Michigan Central railroad, was found
drowned in Grand river near the Columbus
street bridge in Jackson. He was about 25
years of asre.
A child of Martin Hicks, of Brighton,
fell Into aa old unused cistern breaking its
neck by the fall.
A fire broke out at l'ontiac in a
building owned by Adam Shaft and 'occupied
by T. Lamountain as a laundiy. Everything
In the building was burned. The store north,
occupied by Geo. Bower, shoemaker, was
partially destroyed. The livery stable building
south of the laundry building, was entirely
bnrned. It was occupied on the lower floor
ty Geo. Hicks, who saved his stock. The up
per floor was used as a dwelling by Henry
Prall and family. He is a steady, bard-work
Ing young man and loses everything. Among
his household goods was a new sewing ma
chine and coal stove just set np. The family
barely escaped with their lives. The boot and
shoe store of John Chase was also partially
burned and his Btock somewhat damaged. Tbe
total losses on the buildings and stock will
ivch f 15.C00; insurance, $5,000.
Three stores were robbed at Kalkas
ka tbe same night. A little over ou was
obtained from them, the most of it being
taken from McVeau's safe, which was blown
A lumber jobber says that men are
going in to work In the woods quite freoly
and wages have slightly declined. Operators
are offering 121 to $28 per month, and state
they have no difficulty in obtaining men at
these figures.
An eight-year-old daughter of Geo.
B. Why at, of near Whitehall, was fatally
burned recently. Her mother sent her with
a shovel full of hot coals to her father who
was working in a field, and the wind blew tbe
fire upon her so that her clothes cangb t
A reunion of ex-prisoners of war
took place at Lyons this week. Many citizens
from various parts of the state were present,
and camp No. 2 was organized. Several able
addreeees were made, and a banquet In the
evening completed the good time.
S. Mortimer, one of Lyons' oldest
citizens, died recently.
James A. Walker who for sometime
has had charge of the Michigan Central Co's
pn raping engine at Marshall, was found dead
In bed at the Forbes house. Physicians state
that death was caused by epilepsy. His home
was in Convls.
New postoffices have been establish
ed at Episoolon, Emmet county.and Strong-
vllle, Chippewa couuty.
J. C. Benedict, one of the oldest bus
iness men In Clayton, Is closing out his stock.
preparatory to Investing In a Texas cattle,
Talk of lowering Stone lake, Jackson
county, three feet by means of a new outlet
Into the Rilaln river.
J. II. Halbert, of Flalnwell, lost his
left arm In the machinery of His man & Ward's
flouring mill, Battle Creek. He would have
been killed had not the men stopped the ma
chinery very quickly.
The M. E. church of Grand Ledge
has pal i its longstanding debt of 1 2,600.
Walter Rossman, a 5-year-old boy of
Grand Ledge, was sent one evening after tbe
cow. Not having returned at 9 o'clock, the
family became alarmed, the fire bell wa rung.
the citizens called out and a general search
Instituted, which resulted in finding Llm In
neighbor's yard, under a grapevine and drench
ed with rain He was afraid to go home with
out the cow, which he bad not found.
The roller skating season at
Stanton hat opened auspiciously, and one
young lady has already broken an arm.
The venison market opens up at 20
cents per pound In the Interior cltiee of the
state. It Is deer meat even at that price.
By a misplaced switch recently an
engine on tbe Tawaa A Bay county railroad
wa thrown into a creek and wrecked.
The hardware store of F. D. Jones of
Bronaon was found to have been broken Into
and f 512 takei from the safe. Tbe loss falls
heavy on Mr. Jones who Is a young man just
bt-glnblng business and on a mall capital.
Mt. Clemens is to have a citizens'
lecture course thia winter.
Beckwith's livery stables and an ad
joining building at Hastings burned last week.
Loss about fl.C 09.
The products of the reporting copper
mines for the months of September are as
follows: Calumet & Heclu. 1.C03 tODS, 1,880
pounds; Quincy, 825 tons, 250 pound; Frank
lin, 170 tone, 28o pounds; Atlantic, 158 tons,
1,425 pounds; Allowz 100 tons, 885 pounds;
Pewabic, 74 tons, 667 pounds.
James Heddon, of Dowagiac, has
over 400 bives of been to winter over this year.
The Bangor chemical works made
150,000 pounds of acetate and 2,009 gallons of
wood alcohol lant month.
A New Michigan Ship Yard.
John Craig, formerly of Linn &
Craig, the well-known ship-builder, has
purchased a ship-building site in tbe
enterprising little town of Trenton.
The location is one admirably adopted
for a shipyard, having a large frontage
on the river, with a good depth of wa
ter. Abyut 300 feet from the mainland
is a grassy island, which makes an ad
mirable boomage and a natural ice
harbor of refuge, so that the citizens
will not be under the necessity, as were
the vessel men of St. Clair, to get an
appropriation for an ice harbor of ref
uge. This place was used by the
Northern Indiana and Michigan South
em, the largest side-wheel steamers
ever on the lakes, as their winter quar
ters. Mr. Craig has still faith in the
future of lake navigation, for he is con
structlng a saw-mill 120 feet long by 30
feet wide, which will have a gang-saw
known aa the Scotch gang, similar to
the one lately destroyed by fire at the
Detroit Dry-dock Company's yard. It
will also have a circular saw six feet in
diameter, which will be driven by an
engine 20x24 inches, with plenty of
boiler capacity. He is also constructing
a mold loft 113x30 feet, and ofllce and a
blacksmith shop.
In about two weeks Mr. Linn will
begin the construction of a steam yacht
for M. S. Smith, which will be 150 fert
in length on deck, 21 feet beam and 10
feet deep. She will have a compound
engine of moderate power, and is ex
pected to make about 14 miles per
hour. She will be as staunch as wood
and iron can make her and will cost f 40,
Wbat No. 1, white tl H)J(? 1 01
Flour 74 e o
Corn 71
Oats 40 itt
Barley rfr cental 2 00 ( 2
AddIw hbl 2 00 & 2
Peaches Sou 60
& 2
Pears ffbu 1 60
Plums Vbu 1 6)
fc? 2 5 J
Urapes y lb
Butter -
20 (t
Eirtrs 23
Potatoes bu 40
Sweet Potatoes 1 bbl 2 25
Hay 18 00
Straw 7 00
Pork.mese .....25 25
Pork, family 27 50
Heef, extra mess 12 60
Wood. Hecb and Maple.
(4 50
S3 50
15 00
(ft 9 00
(i25 75
28 00
12 75
I ou
Wood, Maple. 8 00
Woa, Hickory H uo
Coal, Eg 8 25
Coal, Stove. 50
Coa), Chestnut. 0 60
-A - - -
A Confederate Tribute.
In an article descriptive of the bat
tie of Spottsylvania, Mr. J. II. Moore,
who was a member of the Seventh
Tennessee ltegiment, says: "in con
clusion, I desire to call the attention of
those who participated in the battle
of Spottsylvania to what appeared to
me the most daring and desperate act
of the war by any battery. On the
morning of the 13th, while 1 was with
in our works, I saw to our right, dis
tant about five hundred yards, and
about the same distance immediately
in front of our artillery, a federal bat
tery advanced at full speed, and there,
in an open field, halt. The artillery
men at once took out their horses and
sent them to the rear, as much as to
say We have come to stay.' This was
within full view and within easy reach
of our forty pieces. As quick as tbe
horses were starting back every man
of that battery was seen digging, yet I
could hardly think they were in
earnest, for 1 was satisfied that if our
battery would but once open on them
nut a man could escape. Presently
our artillery opened, and as soon as the
smoke cleared off I could see that dig
ging with desperate energy was kept
up by the survivors. Death and de
struction, I thought, would be the por
tion of the battery and its brave de
feaden, for it appeared at times as if
their very caissons were literally cov
ered with bursting shells, yet, strange
to say, a few gallant fellows survived
the attack of the forty Held pieces, and
amid showers of shot and shell, sue
ceeded in throwing up tolerably secure
works. Tbey came to stay and they
did remain. This was the bravest act
of the war, and in the hope that I may
yet learn whom those gallant fellows
were I mention the Incident.'
No small degree of courage, or expe
rience which begau with the exercise
of courage, is displayed by workmen on
lofty structures high buildings,
bridges, chimneys and the like. There
are many such men who work at eleva
tions which make even the beholder diz
y as he looks atf them from the firm
ground below, but who are themselves
perfectly at ease or profess to be, and
who certainly attend to their business
with an air of being thoroughly at
home. There are doubtless a few men
who are proof against derangement of
the nerves at any height. But the
number of this last-mentioned class is
not so large as many may suppose. A
part of the great Kinzua bridge, on the
N. Y., Lake Erie & Western R, R,,
reaches an altitude of from 218 to 302
feet; and although f 3 per day was of
fered for workmen on this part of the
structure, great difficulty was expert
enced in obtaining a sufficient force. It
appears from this fact that the intre
pidity often shown in this regard is not
in absolute quality, good for all heights
and circumstances, but is subject bo
limitations; and that a man may be a
hero at 100 or 200 feet, and as timor.
ous as an ordinal y mortal at 300 feet.
Mechanical News'
Never ask for a sample copy, but
take half a dozen.
"What does 'in memorlara mean,
pa?" asked Billy. "Oh," said pa, be
hind his newspaper, "it's nothing. It's
something you write) on the tombstone
of a man you are going to forget in a
week." Lurlington Uawkeye, -
Tho evidence of. Arabi's complicity
In the Jane massacres U possibly enough to
secure bis conviction, but it leaves little doubt
that "not proven" rather than "not guilt)" will
See the verdict of impartial minds. Tbe cor
respondence between Arabl and various per
eoi s wbldi fell Into Gen. Woisoley's bauds
after the battle of Tel el Keblr has reached the
foreign office. Eight hundred documents are
la the correspondence. At the private investi
gation of the rebel prisoners, moet of them ob
jected to being questioned in regard to events
which occurred prior to the outbreak, Arabl es
pecially urging that they were covered by the
general pardon issued by the Khedive, Arabl
declares that the June massacre was precipi
tated by tbe presence of the British fleet.
Sir Edward Malet announces that the
trial of Arabl Pasha and associates will not
proceed unless they are defended by English
cmnsel, while the Egyptian ministry has In
formed Sir Edward tbat It will not be respon
sible for the government of the country If
English counsel introduces a method of pro
cedure unknown to Egyptian courts.
Says a Dublin dispatch of the 16th :
"Three London detectives bave arrived with
three of the crew of the Gladstone on which
Westgate, the self accused assassin of Lord
Frederick Cavendish and Under Secretary
Burke, sailed for the West Indies. The sailor
were subjected to a searching examination.
the authorities determined thoroughly to sift
West gates story to quiet tbe public mind.
Westgate probably will be brought hme for
tbe samo purpose, but the police firmly adhere
to tbe belief that Weetgate is crazy, and that
his assertions are unworthy of belief."
Pari ell presided over the Irish na
tional conference which met recently at Dub
lln. There was a large attendance of dele
gates, Including all the extremists among the
Irish members of parliament The leading
speakers of the day were Parnell, Davltt and
O'Connor. A letter was read from Egan at
Paris resigning tbe ofllce of treasurer of the
land league and giving an account of the funds
which he bas bandied in his ( fflclal capacity.
The scheme for the establishment of an Irish
national league, heretofore given in detail in
the cable dispatches, was adopted.
The letter of an official of the de
partment of public domains is published de
dating Egypt is in a state of ferment
which can only be cured by the execution of
the leadets of the rebellion.
It is believed the following will con
stitute the chief .counts of the Indictment
against Arabl Pasha: 1. That In violation ff
the right of nations, he hoisted a white flig in
Alexandria and under cover thereof retired
with bis troops and gave np the city to fires u J
pillage. 2. Tbat be excPed Eirjptlsns to arms
against the Khedive. 3. t hat be continued the
war deeplte news of peace. 4. With naviug
incited civil war, devastation, massacre and
pillag in Egyptian territory.
That the power of England in Egypt
did not cease with the laying down of aims
end capture of the rebels at Kafr el-Dwar, is
demonstrated by the news that tbe Egyptian
Council of Ministers has adopted the prelimi
nary scheme of Biker Pasha for the reorgan
Izntlon of the Eg) utlan army. Baker recom
mends that the field officers of each regiment.
battalion, battery, etc., be one balf British and
one-half Egyptian, an J that the other officers,
from the rank of captain downward.be select
ed from Egyptians, .lbanlans and others 1
ready in the service of the Khedive. The staff
will consist of an equal number of British and
Egyptians. Tbe expense of the army will be
318,000 yearly. Tbe gendarmine will be ffl.
cered by Egyptians, but will bave two British
inspectors. Baker Pasha considers that Oue of
the principal a1vantAgs of bis scheme will be
a healthy emulation between the regiments
commanded by British officers and those com
manded by native officers. Tbe army will
number 11,000 men.
Trevelyan is pleased to say that in
Ireland the relafons between landlords and
tenants are Improving, rente are being fairly
paid and Intimidation is decreasing.
In all the great towns where the
Catholics do not predominate the elections
resulted In favor of the Liberals. Tbe Llbsr
ala gain SO vwtes In the diet from Conserva
tives. In several new districts in the vicinity
of Berlin and Potsdam the Conservatives bave
bsen victorious. No one party will have a
majority in the new chamber. In order to
obtain a majority It would be necessary for
the government to enter into an alliance with
Clericals and Conservatives.
At the final sitting of the interna
tional arbitration conference at Brussels, Ger
many, Herr Laeker, a member of the German
relchstag, and one of the delegates to tbe con
ference, declared tbat Germany, especially
iberal Germany, was at heart pacific. "If the
country which is our western neighbor," said
he, "wishes peace as sincerely as we do, peace
la assured."
According to the agreement between
Broadley and Napier, Arabi's counsel, and the;
government lawyer, In regird to tbe course of
procedure, the Eoglish counsel will have ac
cess to Arabi and the right of recalling wit
nesses for the prosecution for cross examina
tion, of calling witnesses for tbe defense and
of examining evidence given during tbe pre
liminary investigation. The counsel expect
the Egyptian Government will appoint sev
eral additional members on court-martial who
will be able to speak Eoglish, and will gener
ally take steps to raise the proceedings to the
dignity or a great State trial.
The Corean King has issued a pro
clamation In which be accuses himself of em
ploying incompetent Ministers and of neglect
ing the welfare of his kingdom and people. He
promises a full amendment There Is much
doubt as to the whereabouts of Tat In Knn,
father of the Corean King, and Instigator of
all the disturbances. He was Inveigled on
board a Chinese ship of war and transported
to China. He refnsed ta mest LI Hung Chang
at Tientsin and by universal report waa taken
to Peking. Three high Commissioners have
arrived In China from Corea bringing a peti
tion from the King tint tbe captive be released
and restored to the Coi ean Government. It is
not generally believed be has been released
and the Japanese camp isiUIl kept ap to pre
serve order. A Chinese cmp Is also stationed
at ZmL Fugitive Con-ant dally seek protec
tion In the Japanese csmp agaidet the aggres
sions and outrages of the Chinese soldiers.
The Chinese authorities bave promlied to ad
vance the money required for the Corean in
demnity if Corea is' unable to raise the amount
ITarry Cooper, a Toronto merchant
who ha 1 beeD-mlssed for ten days, was taken
home the other evening. He stated that he
bad Deeu knocked down in the street at To
lonto, drugged and driven over 80 miles to
Niagara Falls in a carriage, where be wa
kept drugged in a house for seven days. At
last, while his captors were asleep, he tied his
sheets and blankets together, and escaping
through a window ran three miles to the
hotel. His kidnappers abused him shamefully,
frequently beating him and they told him they
would kill blin unless be could raise money
to buy his freedom. He was nearly exhausted
from the effects of the drug when found. The
kidnappers relieved him of his money and
watch, lie was to be married in a few days.
A warrant has been sworn out charg
Ing Col. Cockerell with murder in the second
degree, aud be hks been released on a 110,000
bond. At a meeting held at the;directors' room
of the St. Louis exchange to consider measures
for the relief of the family of Col. Slay back be
tween $5,000 and 16,000 waa subscribed to aid
in lifting a mortgage of 912.0G0 on the family
residence. The remainder will be Dromutlv
raised. Among tbe persons present was John
McCullough, the actor, an old and warm friend
of Cockereh's and one who deeply sympathizes
with him in bis present trouble. As a token
of this sympathy and aa evidence of bis bin cere
desire to be of service to the family of the man
who fell at the hand of bis friend, he offerad to
give a benefit for tbe widow and children of
Col. Slayback, which was favorably received.
and a committee appointed to make tbe neces
sary arrangements. On motion of one of the
prominent members of the exchange tbe choice
f seats at the theatre will be sold on 'change.
It is expected that a large sum will be raised
in this way. Mr. McCullough will play "Julius
Rapid aud accurate shooting with
gun and pistol in a business street of Knoxvl'Je,
Tennessee, settled a feud and produced tbe In
stantaneous deaths of Gen. J. A. Mabry, J. A.
Mabiy, Jr., and Major Thbs. O'Connor.
By a singular blunder on the part of
the Tennessee legislature, three counties were
left unasslgned to any congressional district.
A special session to remedy the defect is sug
The Oregon legislature, which has
earnestly been balloting at various k times
since its first meeting, haa'at last succeeded in
choosing a United States senator, Mr. J. N.
Dolpn, Bobublican, receiving 1 votes on the
4Ut ballot Mitchell held his etrength until the
26tb ballot when his supporters began to go
over to Dolph.
Col. Ingersoll has verrified the pre
diction of Attorney-General Brewster by mak
log public divers affidavits going to show that
"several of the jurymen in tbe late star route
trial were corruptly approached by employes
of the department of justice, and that these
employes regularly reported their proceedings
frcm day today to the department or some of
fioer thereof." Mr, Merrick of government
counsel, holds the publication to be a cheap at
tempt to forestall public opinion.
Agricultural department reports show
a generally good condition and fair average
yield of oats, wheat re, barley, buckwheat
and potatoes.
The annual report of the second as
sistant postmaster general will show a de
cided Increase in mileage of the star route ser
vice for the last fiscal year aa compared with
that of the year ended June 80, 1880, when
the average mileage was thought to have
reached Its maxlum. Tbe report will also
show that, notwithstanding this Increase in
mllenge the cost of maintaining the service
has been le than in 1880 by more than 91,'
000,000. It Is estimated that the star ronte
service for the fiscal year ending June 80,
1S84, will cot It ss than the service of the cur
rent fiscal year (1882-3) by about 9543,889.
A New York traveling man named
J. G. Moore got off the train at Fostoria, O.
to send a dispatch. The cars starred sooner
than he expected and in running to jump on
be fell over a trunk on the station platform
sustaining fatal injuries.
Judge Edward Hammond died in
Howard Co., Md, aged 74. He was a mem
ber of congress from 1849 to 1853.
On June 30, 1882, there were in op
eration 769 railway post offices, conducted in
842 whole cars and 1,462 apartments in cars
and were run over 87,863 miles of railroad
making ,76,741,438 miles of fcnnual service
There were employed on these lines
3,122 railway postal ' clerks In addition
to which 162 clerks were detailed
as transfer clerks (formerly known as
"local agents") and 286 were detailed as chief
clerks and for other clet leal duty in connection
with service at offices of the general and divis
ion superintendents and other prominent
points when needed, and were employed upon
steamboats making a total of 8,570 oostal
clerks in the service, with salaries aggregating
13,46,779, or an average annnal salary of
9976. During the year the railway postal
clerks handled and distributed 2,155.213,880
letters and postal cards, and 1,278,176.600 pieces
other mail matter, or a total of all classes of
ordinary mall matter of 8,433,390,480, besides
14,234,800 registered packages and 570,483
through registered pouches. There were 83
Casualties, in which three railway postal clerks
lost their lives, 16 were seriously and 20 slight
ly wounded. Superintendent Thompson rec
ommends that congress authorize tbat widows
or guardians of minor children of railway
postal clerks killed while on duty be paid a
sum equal to two years' salary. He adds that
this need not Involve an additional appropria
tion, as the deductions from pay for failure to
perform services, absence without leave,, leave
of absence without pay and violation of regu
lations could be constituted a permanent ap
propriation for the purpose. Last year these
deductions amounted to nearly 915,000, which
reverts Into the treasury. Estimates for next
year: For railway postal clerks, 93,977,120, an
Increase of 7.20 per cent over the appropriation
the present year: for postofflce cars, 91,626,000
an increase of 9100,000 over this year, and for
special facilities, 1600,000, tbe same at the
present year.
The national liquor dealers' and
brewers' association at Milwaukee formally
adopted Its new name the personal liberty
league of America and elected a full list of
f.ffioers. The plan of the league Includes the
formation, through the effort of specla
agents and agitators, of local, district anj state
leagues throughout the country.
A world's cotton exositlon to be
held In 1881 was decided upon by the natloral
cotton planters' assrcl'tlon, which concluded
its sessions at Little Bock recently, having vot
ed to meet next yar at Vicksburg.
Adispa ten from North Adams, Mass.,
gives particulars of a terrible railroad accident.
The caboose of tbe worklcgmen belonging to
the North Adams freight yard was run Into
tbe other morning, and terribly mangled.
About 6:30 a. m. Engineer Charles Wells and
Fireman Jos. Bostley left the North Adams
depot on tbe engine Deer field on the State road
pushing a caboose with 3J mou, goiug to work
at different places near Zoar and Charlemont.
The parties in the car Included a section gang,
John Flynn, foreman; a gang of masons, John
C. Madden, foreman ; stone crushers. Peter Bar
ry, foreman; track layers, Thoman Oilna, fore
man, and carpenters, J. J. Peckbam, foreman.
rhe engine and caboose started for the tunnel
and had gone about halt way there when the
caboose, which wns In front, collided with
Troy and Boston engine. The caboose was
raised from tbe tracks aud carried to tbe cow
catcher of the engine Deerfleld. The front of
the engine was smashed, and Its boiler soon
exploded. Tbe steam blew open the door of
the caboose and filled the car. Many of tbe
men were unable to rencb the doors, and In tbe
stampede many bonea were broken, Tbe boll
Ing water and steam saturated tbe men's cloth
Ing in a moment, and tbey were fearfully
burned. All tbe Injured were carried to bouses,
All day tbe doctors' offices were crowded with
anxious friends beseeching them to first attend
their Injured, among others Icjared are tbe
following: Joseph B istley, fireman, eyes burn
edout, badly scaldid; Charges Wells of tbe
Deerfleld, burned slightly, will recover; John
Flynn, burned about tbe limbs and cut In sev
eral places, will probably recover; John (
Madden, aged 22, burned on back and sides,
dangerous; John Madden ecAlled beverely and
it i thought internally injured, may recever
Peter Barry, another foreman, badly cut about
tbe face and head in collision, and fearfully
scalded; his face not recognizable; he will
probably die; aged 45; wife and ten cUlldren
Thomas Qalnn, scalded on fice, arms and neck
scalp wounds, will live; J. J. Peckham, master
bridge builder, not serlou ly hurt, but badly
scalded about shoulders and face; C. L. Van
Husan, telegrapher, aged 21, of Valatie, N. Y.
skin burned all over badly; flesh on limbs
burned off; will die: Daniel Coanell, scalp
wound, face and neck burned ; not dangerously
kjured; Charles H. Patterson, burned about
limbs and breast; will probab'y recover; John
Maloy, seriously burned about breast and abdo
men; aged 45; large family; Thomas Deps-y
burned, not dangerously; John Young, scalded
and otherwise Injured; carried borne and kept
under irfluence of opiates; coudition doubtful
Manager Locke states tbat the accident was
caused by theTro- & Bostrn etfclaa becoming
uccoup.'elfrom Its cars and coming back Into
the yard by tbe tastein malu track, which lj
should not bave done, it was very foggy and
the engineers were unable to see one another
locomotives. The locomotive was Lushing the
caboose to a switch to get the cars behind tbe
engine, and tbe collision, which was very light
hemmed the caboose between the two engines,
and the draw-bar of tbe caboose J immed a hole
through the front p.ate of tbe fine sheet. Tbe
road's Instructions are that when an employe
backs a car into the yard to go around by tbe
west track and flag themselves as tbey go. The
Troy A Boston bad no right to bring his engine
round by the east track, and did it direct viola
tion of the rules. This act of Engineer Watson
of the Troy & Boston la primarily the cause of
tbe accident
The court appointed to investigate
the charges agaiist Col. Carr for alleged
wrong-doing previous to and during the Indi
an trouble in the territories Instead of finding
cause for court-martial, com meed bis course
and recommend that the specifications bt not
made subject for trial.
Union of the North Soa With
The object of the European canal is
to unite the North Sea with the Medit
erranean by a navigable and maritime
canal, accessible to the largest trading
vessels, and which will unite the seas
of China and Australia with the Atlan
tic and the Gulf of Finland The pro
ject is not a modern one, for the Iiom
ans, and before them them the Celts,
had foreseen the great advantages to be
derived from the junction of the seas
of Gaul by means of its rivers. The
scheme was grand, but it was necessary
to study and furnish the means of put
ting It into execution. In 1878 rrince
G. de Beam, published the project of a
canal between Marseilles and Don
kerque," passing by Paris, Lyons, and
others of the richest towns in France.
This project, largely planned as much
from an agricultural as an industrial
point of view, had the advantage of
opening a direct and sure road to the
vessels proceeding from England and
the commercial ports of the north
which could thus cross the continent
and avoid the dangerous passage around
Spain by the Straits of Gibraltar in or
der to reach the east. As the canal
would realize between the North Sea
and the Mediterranean a saving of dis
tance of 2,000 kilometers, it would be
found that the maritime commerce of
Europe jvould benefit by about 175.'
000,000 francs. Best of all, Faris would
thus become a seaport.
A Spot Transaction.
'Twas Sunday evening. Sunday
evening in June, when the sky was
soft and the breezes balmy. They two
the same two that have sat in each
other's presence all these ages sat in
the parlor by the open window in that
dreamy, listless state that precuraes
something important.
"Jane," said he dropping the dimin
utive 'Jennie' in order to be more im
pressive, "Jane, it is about time that a
young man like myself was thinking
about about settling down for
"Yes, George, yes," and she leaned a
little towards his shoulder.
"Could I depend on you? That is,
will you be mine?"
"I can't tell you to-night, George.
Some time in the future
"But I'm not speculating in futures
now, Jane."
This little modernism thrown in
carelessly as it were, had the desired
effect, and they will go to Saratoga
about the last of the season. Oil City
The privilege of being a young man
is a great privilege, and the privilege
of growing up to be an independent
man in the middle of life is greater.
Michigan One of the First Potato
8tatos This Year.
The Department of Agriculture re
ports that the average yield of oats
will be somewhat higher than last year
or in 1879, and the product nearly as
large as that of wheat, probably about
480,000,000 bushels. Illinois, Iowa,
New York, Wisconsin, Missouri, Penn
sylvania, Ohio, Indiana and Kansas
are the states highest in rank in pro
duction. The average yield of rye, averaging
from state returns, is fourteen and
seven-tenths bushels, making tbe crop
20,000,000 bushels, or nearly the same
as reported by the census.
The indicated average yield of bar
ley is about twenty-three bushels per
acre, aggregating 45,000,000 bushels.
California, New York and Wisconsin
together produce more than half, or
27.000,000 bushels. The product in
1879 was 44,000,000 bushels.
The prospect for buckwheat is good
for nearly an average product 11.OJ0,-
000 to 12,000,000 bushels. Pennsylva
nia produces nearly balf the crop :nd
reports 95 as the average of condition,
100 representing the full normal yield.
New York makes an average of 75.
No other states produces 500,000 bush
The general average condition of po
tatoes is 81. In the South, in the Ohio
Valley and in Michigan, Missouri and
Neoraska the average is 100 to 106. In
the Northwest and in the Eastern and
Middle States the condition is lower. It
is 70 in New York, 8$ in Maine and 84
in Vermont. The returns indicate a
yield of 80 bushels per acre on an area
of nearly 2,000,000 acres.
The yield per acre of corn will be re
ported in November. The condition
averages 81, being very high in the
South and comparatively low in the
States of the largest production. In
Illinois (with eight per cent, decrease
of area) the condition is only 72; in
Iowa, 70,and.in Ohio, 87. These three
States produced forty per cent of the
crop of 1879. A' careful comparison of
changes in area and condition indicates
an average yield of seventy-eight bush
els per acre, against fifty-eight in 1870
and eighteen last year. The average
of the series of years is between twenty-six
and twenty-seven bushels. New
England will produce, according to the
October returns, seven to eight millions,
the Middle States eighty-two millions,
the Southern 340,000,000, those north
of Tennessee and west of Virginia and
Pennsylvania 250.000,000, an aggre
gate of 1,680,000,000. Later returns
may slightly reduce, but cannot ma
terially increase this estimate.
The Egyptian Slave Trade.
Now that England has subdued the
Egyptians and is practically responsi
ble for their behavior, it becomes a
serious question what to do with the
slave trade, which has been carried on
by the Bedouins for centuries. The
emirs aud sheriffs meet on the borders
of the Red Sea, as near Souakin as pos
sible, in November of each year, when
they determine the kidnapping ground
of each tribe, and the roads to be taken,
that one tribe may not interfere with
another. Bonds are given for the ful
fillment of this compact, and a number
of maidens are for better security con
signed by each tribe to the Jemmah
tribe, which acts as referee, and keeps
them as hostages until the tribes re
turn, when, if it is proved that a tribe
has broken faith, the maidens deposited
by that tribe are handed over to the
tribe that has been injured. Having
made their arrangements they break
bread, share salt and pass tbenarghileh,
without which no Bedouin compact is
considered sealed. Each tribe then
starts on the route assigned to it. So
secret are these plahs that, although
the Nubians, Abyssinians and Soudan
ese are always on the alert, they sel
dom know of the presence of Bedouins
until it is too late. The Bedouins hide
for a few days in the vicinity of each
village which they intend to raid, and,
after ascertaining the number of vil
lagers, their habits and means of re
sistance, proceed on their voyage into
tbe interior until they arrive at the
end of the country which their agree
ment entitles them to pillage. The
tribe retraces its footsteps, and attacks
village after village, each according to
a pre-arranged plan. Various methods
are employed. One is to set fire to a
village in many places simultaneously,
and as the terrified inhabitants escape
from the conflagration they fall into
the hands of the Bedouins, who in
variably murder the old men and wo
men and the very young children, but
carry off those between 15 and 12
years old. The houses and mud huts
which have escaped the fire are ran
sacked, and t he slaves are made to car
ry the booty. The poor creatures are
chained together, and often carry
goods and drive cattle once their own.
They are kept together in a large cir
cle formed by the Bedouins on horse
back. Foreign and anti-slavery so
cieties have repeatedly attempted to
put a stop to this, but bave failed, on
account of the distance from civiliza
tion at which these countries lie. Of
late many disti lets have been entirely
depopulated, and unless stringent
measures are taken the whole of npper
Egypt, including the Nubian and Kar
tum Nile regions, will be deserted. On
their arrival in the vicinity of Souakim
the Bedouins find plenty of ready pur
chasers for their slaves. These come
from Afghanistan, Turkestan, Persia,
Beloochistan and Arabia, and very
often from Zanzibar; and although
British men-of-war are constant
ly cruising off this coast it is
seldom that a slave widow is captured.
The men and women are sold for do
mestic or agricultural purposes, and
those of the young girls who are like
ly to become pret ty are sent to the
seraglios of Constantinople. The boys
fare even worse. One use they are
put to is service in the Persian pearl
fisheries, where the little fellows are
thrown into 18 or 20 fathoms of
water, each with a heavy bag around
his neck, and told to drown or
bring up oysters. Not more than SO
per cent ever rise to the surface, but
this is comparatively a small loss to
tbe Persian pearl seeker, who can buy
a boy for 30, and who knows that a
boy who does return to the surface la
worth $150 to $200.

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