Newspaper Page Text
The Weekly Expositor
J. A. Mexzies, Ktlitor aid Prop
Ia his speech at the semi-centennial
celebration, Hon. W L. Webber utter
ed sound gospel when he said: Men
were not created equal in capacity to
accomplish all things in tho world.
Labor was ncccssary,but it should have
intelligent direction. Every laborer
was entitled to full compensation for
all his labor produced by physical
means and enough more to pay him for
his mental efforts. Great wealth was
not to bo desired. The Philosopher ex
pressed it rightly wheu ho wished
for neither riches nor poverty;
wise legislation should be made in this
direction. Farmers, better than any
other class, were able to consider these
question sand suggest methods of
legislation. The speculative mania
which induces so many to resort to the
bucket shops of the cities in hopes of
making speedy fortunes should be re
trained. It was just as much
gambling 'to bet on tho turn of the
market as to cards or dice, only in tho
former case there was less ch nee of
the speculator. No man was well
educated who could not earn his own
living. Those who were"; complaining
of their inability to obtain employment
overlookcd.tho opportunities to firm
Nature was kind, and even the less in
tclligent men could obtain a living
from land. Those who complain of the
dullness of tho labor market could gain
an independent livelihood on tho farm
In no other state than Michigan are
tlierb" better opportunities for men to
get such a li elihood. In such a coun
try as this, where all men arc civilly
equal, there should bo no Mich thing as
a division into classes. There should
not be one class organized as a labor
ing class and another as an employing
class. Education and a knowledge and
respect of tho law should I e spread
among 'the 'people On the j resent
generat on depended 'the future of the
A private car is being I uilt for (Jov.
Algor by the Pullman car company of
Detroit in which the governor and party
will take the trip to the (J. A. 11. en
campment in San Francisco in August
The car is C6 feet long and divided into
seven compartments apart from the
passageways. These comprise draw
ing room, kitchen w-ith pantry attacli
cd, an ordinary 'sleeping car compart
ment of two sections, two private bed i
rooms. Witn passageway ana touet
room between," and parlor. The car h
stilMn the hands of artisans and tut a
comparative idea of its completed
beauty can yet be formed . The exte-,
rior of the car is cum posed of white pine
poplar, oak and ash. Thejoutcr frame
or box is white pine with poplar panels.
Poplar is used for the reason that it is
pliable soft, and capable of receiving
a very Ihigh finish. The other woods
aro used for cross beams, braces plat
forms, etc. The platforms aremade
unusually' wide with swinging gates
that can be locked; sothey are used as
observation porticos or.,vcrandas where
the travelers can seat themselves com
fortably. Tho wheels are paper and
made by the Allen car works at Pull
man. 111. The interior of the car is
ceiled with oak and walled withmahog
any. The floor will bo laid in parquetry
of oak and mahogany, to harmonize
with tho walls and ceiling. The ceiling
will bo elaborately frescoed. The
hangings will bo rich and of a color
ploasantly to contrast w ith the wood
work and decorating. A folding bed
of handsome design will te placed in
the parlor. The other rooms will con
tain the ordinary standing berths. The
cost of the car, which will be one of the
finest ever turned out of the shops, will
be about fc.'lo.OOO.
A scientific expedition under the direc
tion of Prof. Scott of Princeton, is mak
ing a tour of the west. The main object
of the expidition is to make a geological
survey of the Uintah mountains, ia
western Utah and Wyoming, and also
to collect fossils and petrifactions for
the college museum. A good part of
tho time will bo occupied with the work
'n the north base of the mountains.
About the 1st of August the party will
excess the mountains to the White river
Ute Reservation, a district which is as
yet comparatively unexplored. Many
localities of great natural interest, such
as tho flaming gorge of the (Jreenriver,
will be visited. It is expected that the
expedition, will be rich in important
Anthony Comstock has yielded to tho
demand of the New York newspapers
that tho flash advertising photographs
of certain brands cf cigarettes be sup
pressed, and inaugurated a crusade
against the objectionable pictures y
warning store keepers not to display
them, and, if the warning is unheeded,
wholesale arrests will bo ordered. Dis
trict Attorney Marti nc is at the back of
Comstock in the matter. Somo of the
photographs and lithographs aro very
indecent, and many of them show fe
male figures in a utate of undress far
more suggestive than absolute nudity.
The "glorious Fourth1' is fit'y com
memorated in Mr. Ballard Smith's pa
per, "Tho Gunpowder for Hunker Hill,"
In Harper's Magazine for July effective.
Jy illustrated by Howard Pylc. This is
really a novel chapter of our Revolu
tionary history, describing 'the capture
of Fort William and Mary by tJcncral
John Sullivan in December, 1774, four
months before the battlo of Lexington
and six months before Hunker Hill.
STATE KEWS CONDENSED
Frank Grander, the 7-year old loy of tho
nead sawyer iu 'Welch's saw mill In West
Bay City, was caught in tho endless chain
it the sawdust elevator of thw refuse bum
?r, and drugged up tho incline, and tum
bled into tho furnace. Ho wan dead when
tuken out, and frightfully' bruised and
Mayor Charles W. Richardson of Alpena,
lied very suddenly at Pittstield, Maine, ou
Rumored r that Speaker Carlisle will
tpend his summer vacation at tho Oak
land, St. Clair.
B. F. Moore, an old and prominent citl
ten of Lapeer, is dead.
Isadore Brancheau of Monroe has Just
completed a Job of re-plastering a house in
the Fourth ward which was built earlier
than the recollection of the '-oldest Inhabi
tant." It was built by the ancestors of
Francis S. Lnsalle, long before he could re
member, and ho died many years ago at
the advanced ago of 84. The lath are of
hardwood split poles about an inch in di
ameter, fastened to the posts heart side
outward with band made wrought nails.
Sheriff Bethune of Mason ' county cap
tured a burglar at Lndington the other
night, lie had on his person $-0 ) worth of
postage stamps, and there is every reason
to believe that he had a hand in tho recent
robbery of the Hart postollice.
Tho Fenton Independent says that 4,000
whip sockets ore made in that village
every day. The demand is far greater than
A national bank Is to be opened In Sault
Charlotte was visited by a disastrous
Are on the 17th. The buildings were own
ed bv Dr. P. D. Fatterson, M. Hudson, and
Dr. M. S. Phillips. " The loss will
probably be nearly $50,000. Frank Silver
wood, a carpenter who was helping the
firemen fight the flames, fell from tho third
story to the pavement, and sustained in-
turics which must prove fatal. In his fall
o struck Clement Iligby, who is also severe
Robert Walsh of Port Huron has been
held for trial on a charge of attempting to
shoot Ed. Twiss, in that city some time
A brutal murder took place about ten
miles from Seney the other day. William
Dingel, a mill-wright, having $180 on his
person, was attacked by a man named
Kelly, who struck his victim with an ax,
nearly severing his head from his body.
Kelly robbed Ids victim, and then left,
stopping at Seney to purchase some cloth
ing. The antbofities are scouring the
country, and hope to capture the murder
Nora Fetters, who shot Dell Vliet in St.
Louis some time ago, and was released,
has been rearrested, and will bo tried for
L. Martin of Lawton gathered 111 bush
els of cherries from his orchard.
Tho divorce suit of Walsh vs. Walsh has
been decided by tho supreme court in fav
or of Mrs. Walsh and grants her an abso
luto divorco with $'25,000 alimony, $3,000 for
expenses, and $l,.r.0 for solicitor' fees.
This case has been dragging along from
one court to another since May, 15S2.
The House hns reduced the salary of
Commissioner Montgomery from $5,000 to
Andrew Martin of McBride, attempted
suicide the other day by jumping into a
well 40 feet deep. He was fished out with
broken leg. The day before he attempt
ed to take his life by stabbing himself.
A man giving the name of Cornelius
Mormon was arrested in bay City recently
on a charge of using the mails "for fraud
ulent purposes. Mormon is accused of
endeavoring to to sell eountefeit money to
an Ogemaw county man, but his letters
telling of the fortune that could be mado
by purchasing the queer were given to the
theriff, and this led to the arrest of Mor-
whose headquarters were In isay
II. Cook & Son's planing mill. sash, door
and blind factor in Holly burned the other
afternoon. The mill was full of new
machinery, and is a great loss to the town.
Th flames spread quickly to buildings ad
joining, useJ as store and finish rooms.
Loss, $12,000; no insurance 11 ad it not
been for the excellent system of water
works a large portion of the town would
have burned. Henry Cook, engineer, was
severely burned on the hands and face
while operating a safety valve.
Fred Boldt, a German fanner living a
few miles south of Richmond, was instant
ly killed the other morning by tho east
bound Grand Trunk express while at
tempting to cross the track near New
Uaven with a team. The wagon was de
molished and the team slightly injured.
Boldt was unmarried and 85 years of age.
The Yysilanti Bohemian Oat company
has established an ollice in Mason, and is
raking in the farm' cotes full faster
The Senate refuses to confirm the
nomination of Judge Shields as chief jus
tice of Arizona.
Gen. Schofleld has notified the New York
park commissioners that the United States
troops guarding the tomb of (Jen. Grant
at Riverside park will bo removed
Gov. Hill of New ork, has signed the
bill appropriating money to increase the
tockage capacity of the "Erie and Oswego
The Grand Rapids furniture workers
have signed an agreement to go back to
work at 10 hours.
The Jackson county board of supervis
ors has voted $2,600 to aid in putting the
agricultural grounds in proper shape for
the 6tate fair. This, added to what the
council has given, makes $5,000 to bo used
for the same purpose.
The Senate refuses to confirm the nomi
nation of John C. Shields as associate
Justice, of Arizona.
A man hailing from Chicago is making
a tour of this state, r iking in the shekels
of the farmers on a s.iide jewelry scheme.
Look out for him.
The nejv West Michigan Park Associa
tion have decided to issue bonds in the
sum of $8,000, to draw seven per cent, in
ternet, with which to build bath houses.
billiard rooms and bowling alleys in the
new pavilion at Macatawa. ihey are stiu
seeding for a hotel man to lease the entire
grounds end hotel.
A. II. Hart, a brother of Quartermaster
General Hart, and a prominent grocery
merchant of St. Louis, has been arrested,
charged with being an accessory to the dy
namite attack on John Noble's shop and
residence last August. A grand jury, call
ed especially at the time to ascertain the
fectB, was discharged without their de
liberations being made public. It is claim
ed that fresh evidence has been recently
discovered. Tho accused has been very
sick, and is now very low, hence the affi
davits of his medical attendants prevented
his being removed from his residenco.
Dr. C. H. Weir of Oscoda, has heen ar
rested charged with a criminal assault on
a patient whom he was attending.
Sanborn, tho man who escaped from
Sheriff Mclntre of Saginaw, has been re
captured. He had sprained his ankle and
could not escape.
The executive committee of the soldiers'
and sailors' association of southwestern
Michigan have chosen the distinguished
advocate. Gen. Stewart L. Woodford of
New York, for orator of the great reunion
at Kalamazoo, Aug. 17-20
Mrs. Kanouse, an old resident of West
Bay City, died suddenly on the 12th Inst.,
while sitting in her chair.
In the Bare murder case at Cassopolis.
the jury having been out seven hours ana
t half, returned a verdict of not guilty.
The immense crowd that gathered at 10
o'clock at night, when the jury came in,
cheered most lustily. The trial lasted ten
""William Wadworth, living three miles
northeast of Clio, committed suicide the
other day by taking strychnine. He had
not been well for a year or more, and said
be had lived long enough. He told the
physician that it was of no nse to admin
ister antidotes, an he had taken sufficient
to kill himself. He was an old resident,
snd for a number of years ran a stage and
mail route from Clio to Tuscola and
A Belie of Barbarism.
Gov. IIill of New York, has signed the
act amending the law regarding imprison
ment for debt. Hereafter, six months is
to be the limit of imprisonment on arrests
in civil actions and-the operation of
law releases within fivto day, all prisoners
in Ludlow street jail, NewYork, and elne
where, who have been incarcerated beyony
SUICIDE OF KINO LUDWICJ.
He Ends Bit Miserable Career by Browning.
King Ludwig II., the deposed king of Ba
voria. committed uicido on tho Hta inst,
by drowning himself in Lake Staelburg.
'King Ludwig eccentricities have beenthc
subject of much comment for several
vears and for many months tho belief has
been very general that the monarch wai
insane. A few days before his death steps
were taken for his disposition. When the
news was brought to him he shut himself
up in his castle, and also caused the im
prisonment of tho messenger who brought
the word to the castle, lie was finally
prevailed upon to go to another castle on
Lake Starlberg, accompanied by his medi
King Ludwig succeeded in taking his Ufa
while liis attendants were momentarily oil
their guard. Tho king was promenading in
tbo park grounds surrounding berg
castle. The attending physician was also
in the park watching the patient. The
king, awaiting a favorable moment, mads
a dash for Lake Starlberg, near which ths
castle grounds are situated, and threw
himself into the water. He was almost
i instantly missed by the doctor, who at
once gave tue alarm ana aasnea on auer
his royal charge. Tho latter, however,
reeched tbe lake before anyone could inter
cept him and w hen tho doctor hud reached
the edge of the lake the king was strug
gling in the water. The doctor sprang in
to the lake in hopes of rescuing the drown
ing sovereign, and in the desperate strug
gle which ensued both king and physician
went down and were seen no more.
King Ludwig was born on August 25,
1M5. and succeeded his father, Maximilian
II., on March 10, 104. Ho was a bachelor,
an enthusiastic lover of art, especially
music, and theatricals, an eccentric man,
loving solitude und pursuing oven his rec
reations alone, capricious as a sovereign
and giving little time to the duties of his
kingly oilice. During the early years of
his reign his constant companion and
friend, probably the only man whom he
ever loved, was Richard Wagner, and it
was due to this intimacy that Wagner had
opportunity to develop his own theory of
musical composition. Tho popularclamor
caused by the intimacy led to its termina
tion. Ludwig was at the Paris exhibition
in 107 and fell over head and ears in love
with Empress Eugenie. When she parted
with him at the station as he was about to
return home, the kissed him. He never al
lowed the lips of another woman to touch
him since that occasion. One tried, and
received a ducking for her reward. She
was an actress, and had created tbe role of
"Isuelt." The king invited her to take a
turn in his boat, and made her repeat her
great aria, becoming too enthusiastic,
she was about to tliug herself into the
royal uTms. Their owner merely threw
bar into the stream and left her to get out
as best she could.
Notwithstanding his peculiarities, the
King of Bavaria was looked up to with
awe by the masses of the people. He
'in. -iii dered his revenues in foolish pro
ject, and recently had to bar his palace
doors against architects, builders and oth
er creditors whom ho was unable to pav.
His debts footed up $10,000,000, and the
kingdom's exchequer was exhauscd. At
tbe time of his deposition architects were
engaged on six different castles. An army
of masons, sculptors, carpenters, joiners
and iron workers swarmed about those im
mense piles of stone and marblo heaped
together in the most solitary and out-of-the
way places. The King was crazy about
the moon, whose presence was indispensi
able to his happiness. Artificial moons
were to seen arranged in almost every one
of hi sleeping apartments.
Ludwig was not in youth allowed a single
amusement of a boyish kind. As soon as
he became his own master he indulged in
the game from w Inch ho had been debarr
ed by b! tutor. He knew nothing of real
life. After he put away childish things he
did not tecom a man in point of inoellect.
All he cared to do was to realize artistic
As soon as the news of the suicido had
been received in Munich, the generals of
the Bavarian armv met and took the oath
of allegiance to king Ludwig's brother.
Otto, who at once assumes the title of
kiDg, under the name of Otto tho First.
He is three years younger than Ludwig
was having been lorn April 27, IMS. Otto,
however, will simply bo nominally King,
as he is incapable of government, and
Prince Luitpold, his uncle, will remain
Regent. The generals of the armv have
taken the oath of allegiance to Prince
Luitpold as Regent. The Bavarian troops'
oaths are similar to those sworn by tho
Both in Berlin and Vienna a painful im
pression was caused by tho news of King
Ludwig's suicide. Emperor William was
deeply grieved. The Crown Trince will go
to Munich to represent his father. All the
German courts nave gone into mourning
for the dead King. It was stated that
Ludwig had for a long time contemplated
suicide. Ho told his mother of his inten
tion and asked the royal physicians to
give him something that would gently
terminate his existence. The Bavarian
Ministers were fully cognizant of these
Tragedy in St. Joseph.
As Col. J. W. Strong, manager of the
ArroW, of St. Joseph, Mo., was siKing in
tho counting-room the other evening, with
his back to tho door, Dr. H. A. Richmond
entered and, drawing a revolver, fired one
shot, which struck his victim on tho left
side of the neck. Col. Strong jumped up
and staggered towards tho buck office.
Richmond fired two more shots and
Strong fell. Richmond then turned, walk
ed ouUidc, and some twenty feet from the
door placed the revolver to his temple,
tired and dropped instantly to the side
walk. Tho trouble which has resulted so fatally
is solely of Richmond's own making. He
has long been known to tbe newspaper
fraternity as the discoverer and manu
facturer of Samaritan -nervine and has
been an extensive advertiser and has had
an enormous business in his nostrum.
Some five months ago he disappeared from
this community and left a lot
of papers, evidently the work of either
a knave or hopeless lunatic. He charged
Col. Strong and other prominent attorneys
of this citv, with having ruined him. and
indicated that he had ended his career in
tho river. At that time opinions differed
as to his condition, somo regarding him
insane and others believing him simply
working r ruse to obtain $s5,0O0 insurance
on his life. Since then he has become
hopelessly insane. The deed recorded
proves his lunacy beyond a doubt. Col.
Strong leaves a lurge family, consisting of
a widow and three sons; the eldest is John
P. Strong, editor-in-chief of the Herald.
Tho colonel was 61 years old, a lawyer by
profession and a man who has been very
prominent in the Republican party of
northwest Missouri for nearly SO years.
His homo was originally Jacksonville 111.,
where he has a large number of friends
Mrs. Cleveland loves Poodles.
When the steamer Westernland arrived
in New York the other day it was evident
to thoso around that something unusual
wan on board. Tho captain seemed wor
ried and tbe first officer's usually ruddy
face was pale. They watched with anx
iety the movements of two saihvs who
were carrying a largo wicker basket down
the gang-plank. Tho captain lifted the lid
and out jumped a black French poodle,
with fierce looking whiskers and a bcauti
fnll tuft on the end of his tail.
The poodle was a present to Mrs. Cleve
land from Mr. Von Derbock, agent of the
Red Star line.and the captain had received
special instructions to look out for its safe
transportation, along with that of a hundred-year-old
Dutch clock that had been
sent as a present to President Cleveland.
Mrs. Cleveland, then Miss Folsom, had
seen the dog ia Antwerp and had made
friends with it. Mr. Von Derbock deter
mined that it should be hers. He didn't
think it right to neglect her husband, and
sent along the Dutch clock.
Two Giddy Toting Oirli. '
Two old women, whose combined ages
are 173 years, were arrested for fighting
ia Iouisville, Ky., tb other day. One
was Mrs. Walters, aged 74, and the other
Mrs. Raphael, a somewhat famous local
character because of her great age of 104
years. The old.ladies lived in the same
house and have occasional squabble.
Mrs Walters charges that Mrs Rarbael
whipped her, and that after going out for
n pail of water, Mrs. Raphael stopped up
me Key noie oi nor room so mat she couu
not enter her abode. She tackled the cen
tennrian. and a pugilistic encounter en
sued, in which Mrs. Walters' youth and
endurance turned out to advantage. She
used Mrs. Raphael up considerably before
two officers arrived and put them under
arrest. They were conveyed to the station
in a carriage and released upon their own
A Fearful Holocaust-
The town of Vancouver has been com
pletely obliterated by a raging fire. The
lire was started from the brush clearing
fires on the Canadian Pacific railway.
The first building to burst out in flames
was a stable near the Colonial house. The
alarm was given, but so skeptical were the
people that they paid no attention for
some time. Tho wiud by this time had in
creased tho gale and fanned the flames to
a mass of raging firo. Building after build
ing was laid waste, and soon every
road had become an avenue of fire, tho
falling timbers and stumps on each side of
the road glowing with lire and proving as
serious a menace to the fugitives as the
burning houses of the doomed city. Noth
ing was to be seen but a lurid, itolling'band
of smoke hanging over t he ashes of the
city from wtiich stragglers could be seen
occasionally fleeing. The steamer Duns
muirwasatthe wharf to receive people,
and with several other steamers conveyed
a large number over to Moody ville.
Tho dropping of the flames was as sudden
as their rise, and by 0 p. in. some adven
turous spirits had ulreudy made their way
along the roads of the destroyed city, and
before dark the work of searching for the
bodies of those overtaken by the fiery ele
ment had begun. In a short time the in
cinerated remains of several persons had
been discovered. Nine bodies, some of
which were burned leyond recognition,
have been found. There is some un
certainty about tbe exact number already
found, as in some cases a handful of char
red bones were tho only indication of a
human lifo being lost. One of tho search
ers said he thought the number could be
truthfully estimated at twelve. The gen
eral sentiment of the people appears to be
one of hopefulness and determination at
once to begin reconstruction of the city.
Somo have already got building material
on the ground.
Ban is Not Forgotten.
The statue of Daniel Webster In Con
cord presented to tho State of New Hamp
shire Dy Benjamin Pierce Cheney of Bos
ton was dedicated on tha 17th Inst, with
imposing civic and military ceremonies.
The statue has been erected in the state
house yard, about 100 yards east of the
capitol. The pedestal is of tho finest
granite and was designed by Thomas Ball,
who also executed the model of the statue
at Florence, Italy, the casting being made
at Munich. It is eight foet high and weighs
2,000 pounds. On all four sides of the
pedestal are appropriate inscriptions.
The statue was presented to tho state by
Benjamin Pierce Cheney and accepted by
Gov. Currier. From President Cleveland
came a letter of regret that he could not
attend and expressing an opinion that
every capital in the union should have a
similar statue. Gov. Robinson of Massa
chusetts and stall and Gov. Hill of New
York arrived by special train. Among
other distinguished guests of the state
were Gen. Daniel F. Sickles, New York;
the Hon. John A. Bingham, Ohio, ex-min
ister to Japan; the Hon. William M.
Evnrts, New York; the Hon. John Went
worth, Chicago; tbe Hon. William E.
Chandler, Concord ; Gov. Samuel K. Pin
crco and staff, Vermont; Gov. Robie,
Maine; Lieut. Gov. Oliver
Ames, Massachusetts; tho Hon. E. B.
Washburn, Illinois; ex-Gov. Rice, Boston;
tho Hon, George B. Loring. Boston: B. F.
Ayer, Chicago; John H. Mitchell, United
States senator from Oregon; ex-Govs.
Berry, Sinythe, Watson, Boll, Frescott,
and Hale, United States Senator Bain
bridgo, Wadleigh, and Gen. N. P. Banks.
The oration was delivered by Samuel Col
cord Bartlett, D. I)., who gave an his
torical review of Webster's life and re
ferred eloquently to his thirty-three years'
service iu the House, Senate, and Cabinet.
He also fervently eulogized his self-sacrificing
toil and patriotism.
Crovar ii Thankful.
At the timo of President Cleveland's
marriage, tho citizens of Charleston, S. C,
sent a magnificent wedding present. The
president has written a letter of thanks in
which he says:
'I have asked tho privilege of thus com
municating our joint acknowledgement of
this present because this delicate and
thoughtful attention to my wife has
naturally given rise to grateful emotions,
ami because it affords me an opportunity
to express my appreciation oi tne icina
words with which tho donors refer to my
self and my performance of public duty.
"You and your associates who have
united in tho letter accompanying your
gift can hardly realize the comfort I de
rive from the assurances therein contain
ed of confidence and esteem.
"The letter and the gift take their places
in my new household, and for all time will
serve as reminders, not only of the hap
pier incident of my lifo as a citizen, but
of the further fact that in my official char
acter tho humble efforts I have made to
assure good government to the people and
complete reconciliation between all sec
tions of the land are considerately and
pleasantly recognized by my fellow
The present consisted of a massive silver
vase accompanied by a letter to Mrs.
Cleveland saying that It was intended as
a token of the high esteem in . which Presi
dent Cleveland was held in Charleston
"by reason of his ability, his true manli
ness and his constant fidelity to his ob
ligations under the Constitution and laws
of these re-United States."
The Little Glrii Feel Honorel
Two little girls of Hagerston, Md., Ben
lah and Marv Egerly, just prior to the
marriage of'Preident Cleveland and Miss
Folsom, sent a handsome boquet to the
bride-elect and a day or two afterward
were surprised and delighted at receiving
the following letter from Mrs. Cleveland
in her own handwriting:'
Execvtivk Mansion, Washington.
Mt Dear Littlb Fkienhs What good
fairy prompted my two little unknown
friends to remember me so sweetly on my
wedding day? Whoever the fairy which
I think was yonr own little hearts I thank
Jou most sincerely, and and the President
oins me very cordially.
Sincerely .your friend,
(Signed) FRAMJES ULEVELAND.
Juno 11, 1S80.
, Cleveland Chosen.
President Cleveland has accepted the
honorary presidency of the American ex
hibition, to take plae in London May 11,
1SS7. Gen. A. P. Goshorn, president of the
general council of the exhibition, has de
cided that the main office in the United
States thall be in Philadelphia. President
Cleveland will open the exhibition from
the White house and start the machinery
by tho telegraph land lines and the cable.
A committee of over 1,000 prominent
men in Great Britain has been selected to
give a hearty welcome to American ex
hibitors and visitors during the period
when Queen Victoria will celebrate her
Iubilee year or the fiftieth anniversary of
What it Costs to Fight
Register Rosecrans has written a letter
to Congressman Warner in reply a a ques
tion from that gentleman asking the ex
pense to the government of our three
principal wars. Gen.. Rosecrans replied
that the sum assumed and paid by the
government for the war of the revolution
was $fi.000.00. the war of 1812 cost $115.-
000,000, tbe Mexican war $135,000,000 and
tbe war of the rebellion $0,13'J,V20,00j.
Commencement at West Point
The graduating exercises at West Point
were attended by Secretary Endicott and
Gens. Sheridan, Merritt, Gibbon, Nichols,
and others. Gen. Gibbon made the prin
cipal address and referred to Fits John
l'orter as a general who had been acquitt
ed by the deliberate judgment of a Grant,
a Schofleld, a Ferry, and a Getty.
A Level Beaded Woman.
3013 St. Louis avenue, bl. Louis, Mo., has
receivea rrom secretary or estate jsayard
information to tbe effect that she is about
to receive from the United States treasury
$1,000,000 awarded by the court of claims
under the terms of tha French spoliation
bill. Mrs. Vining has prudently retained
possession of her claim during all the un
certainty of its ever being paid, and now
congratulates herself that she has not dis
posed of it, as some others have theirs, for
what some shrewd lawyers were willing to
ry. t '
Iter. Dr. Goodspeed of Morgan Park
theological seminary, has been invited to
become president of Kalamazoo college.
The Democratic state central commute
held a meeting in Lansing on tha 15th Inst,
and decided to call the state convention at
Grand Rapids August 13, the second day
of the Greenback state convention In the
BE OH GTJABB K. 07 L.
Fowderly Issues Another Important letter.
Tha fnllnwlnv annrfit circular of General
Master Workman Powderly has been mado
To tho order everywhere, greeting: A
inomler of the order employed by a
wealthy corporation places tho following
letter iu my bands. It is printed in cir
cular form, and the presumption is that
similar letters have been put in the bands
of other "reliable, trustworthy" men. The
name of the firm sending out the docu
ment is withheld in order to shield the
member to whom it was sent. It was
quite evident that the sender of tho docu
ment did not know that the recipient was
a Knight of Labor. The letter of instruc
"Dear sir You have been named as a
reliable, trustworthy man in whom con
fidence can bo placed. You have it in
your power to confer a lasting benefit up
on your employer, and at tho same time
advance your own interests. We wish to
know something concerning tho secret
workings of the knights of labor. You are
urged to join that body and become thor
oughly informed upon the minutes and de
tails of the management. If you can se
cure an election as delegate to the annual
conclave of the supremo assembly of that
order it will be gratifying to those who
furnish employment to you. If while act
ing in tho capacity of delegate you secure
the passage of radical or revolutionary
legislation wo will not regard it as being
inimical to our iuterests.
"If after your admission to the knights
of labor you succeed in'initiuting the most
Iironiinentlocal politicansof yourneigbor
lood, regardless of party, we will feel that
you are working in the interest of your
employers. We feel that, having thrown
out these hints, you will at once place
yourself in communication with those
who will Bccuro for you an election to the
association named. Wo have given tho
key note to future action 'and will expect
a faithful performance of duty on your
part. Should you be discharged for any
action you may take in the labor move
ment your time will go on."
Failing in breaking up the order by
means of misrepresentation and ridicule,
its enemies would now resort to tho po
litical trick of packing the general assem
bly. Every effort must be put forth to
prevent the nefarious scheme frotn being
consummated. From now until tho
general assembly meets we must expect to
hear all manner of evil reports concerning
the order, its members and officers.
Everything that can be dono to make tho
next general assembly a failure will be
When Washington, at Valley Forge,
gave order, "Put none but American's on
guurd to-night," the roll call of his entire
army would aot muster as many men as
are to le found in a district assembly of
the knights of labor, and tho interests they
represented were not 60 great. Let tho
word go along the line, from the district
assembly to the newest recruit, to put
none but knights of labor on guard at the
next general assembly. Scan well the
characters, tho records and tho abilities of
those who will go to Richmond in October.
Send no politicians there. Send no creatures
of corporations there. Send no members
there who would stamp the impress of com
munism or anarchy on the constitution of
the knighis of labor. Send no members
there who will not pledge to voto for tho
best men for the positions to be filled.
Send no members there who will not
promise to do their part to enact just laws
and to render obedience to them when
passed. Send no members because of their
rino speeches or oratory. Remember that
one or two shrewd persons obeying such
instructions as are contained in tho above
letter could pack a convention to elect
representatives to the general assembly.
Be on your guard at every point. Make
no mistakes. Uninfluenced by friendship
or hatred you will select members of cool
judgement and wise counsel. Remember
that many a dishonorable person works at
an honorable calling. In selecting repre
sentatives see that the member is as hon
orable as the calling.
.Bear in mind that the question to be dis
cussed at tho Richmond general assembly
will be: Shall intelligent, prudent action
on the part of organized labor manage the
affairs of the worker or will we allow an
inanimate thing called Capital to regulate
our affairs for us J Let neither calumny,
fear, ridicule, coercion, flattery, brilery.
friendship, hatred or religious or political
feelings influence you in selecting tho
representatives to the next general assem
bly. Remember the warning: Put none
but Knights of Labor, true and tried, on
guard at Richmond.
T. V. Powdeuly.
Grocers on a Lark.
Over 200 grocers sailed for Europe by the
North German Lloyd steamer Elbe the
other afternoon. Most of the excursion
ists are New York and Brooklyn grocers.
Tin ro was also a large number from
western cities. A grand reception will be
given on the steamer's arrival at Bremen.
()u July 4 a German-American national
picnic will bo held at the Tivoll, in Bre
men. On July 6, parties of six will leave
Brtmen on a tour through Germany,
ranee, England, Austria, Italy, Belgium,
Switzerland and Holland.
A telegram from Saigon says: Two
French officers have been killed with
ftoisoned arrows at Thankoa. There have
een fresh massacres of christians in Anan.
The rebels have burned some villages near
Prohibitionists of tbe Fine Tree State.
Tho Prohibition state convention of
Maine nominated Aaron Clark of Buxton,
a farmer, for governor. The platform de
clares strongly in favor of prohibition and
says the timo has come for a party to rise
or fall on that issue.
A Plucky GirL
Miss Grace Brewer of Vincennes, Ind.,
tho colored girl with whom her white
classmates would not associate, was
graduated alone from the high school. She
read an address on "Education of the
Colored Youth," and was given anovation
by a very large audience.
Parasols are used to pnrry SoI'h ray.
In New York the wages of sin is success.
The sunniest lives have seasons of sha
dow. The word omnibus has no plural prop
Coin from the mint of nature penny
Female ainmunit ion Powderjand Sehot
tische. A dentist is no . chicken. He is always
An evangelical weapon the Acts of the
Shouldn't organists take mit a license
to pedal f
The tolling of the belles dressing and
To see spots on Ihe son, get your loy
The Iowa Millerites are starceing their
"Mason and Dixon's line has lcen entire
Purse strings are the most common ties
A fretful disposition takes the fragrance
out of one's lite.
The pugilist's motto "It's letter to give
than to receive."
Preferred creditors are those who do not
dun their debtors.
A society to 'promote plain writing is
An opponent of Darwinism calls it "sci
lie who does good to another man does
good also to himself.
Horseflesh Is largely used for food in
In the last Colorado blizzard twelve men
were frozen to death.
An auctioneer does as he is bid, a post
man as he is directed.
The intoxication of wealth is not due to
a tight money market.
It is the "duck of a bonnet" that makes
a young girl's head swim.
As a home-ruler the cook is a supreme
success. X. T. Independent.
A baby does not dissemble. He always
hollers when he feels holler.
Eyes are not eyes when cigar-smoke
makes them water. -V. Y. Ledgtr.
Strawberries are familiar as household
words, being in everybody's mouth.
The first morning you forget to be polite
to Tojir wife the honey-moon is over.
Jcne 17 Sexatk After some desultory
talk the Senate proceeded to the consid
eration of bills on the calendar under the
five-minute limitation of debate. Among
the measures passed were the following:
A bill to pay to the representatives of the
government of Great Britain $15.fiO0 to
enable that government to indemnify the
owners of the British .bark Chance for
abandoning their whaling voyage in the
Arctic Ocean in 1871 and reocuiitg ninety
six American seamen from shipwreck in
the ice. A House bill oppropriating $150,
OO0 for additional barracks at the Soldiers'
Home at Hampton, Milwaukee and Leav
enworth. A bill to provide for one addi
tional assistant Adjutant-General, with
the rank of Major of Cavalry. A bill pro
viding for the appointment of an addition
al Assistant Secretary of the Treasury,
to hold office for one year from
the passage of this bill. Tbe
following publlo building bills were
passed: For a building at Duluth, Minn.,
$100,000; El Paso, Tex., $150,000. To com-
fdete buildings already begun the follow
ng additional amounts were appropriat
ed: For tha building at Hannibal, Mo.,
$:J7,000; at Peoria, 111., $50,000; Frankfort.
Ky., $15,000; Keokuk, Ia., $40,000. A bill
classifying registers and receivers of land
offices and fixing salaries for them accord
ing to such classification in lieu of fees. A
bill to promote the political progress and
commercial prosperity of the Amerlcun
nations. This bill authorizes the presi
dent to invite delegates from Mexico and
Central and South America to meet in
Washington in October. 1887, and with
representatives of the United States
to consider such questions and
recommend such measures as shall be to tho
mutual welfare and interest of the
American States. Thelegisiative,executive
and judicial appropriation bill was receiv
ed from the House and referred.
House After routine business had been
disposed of, Mr. Morrison moved that the
House go into committee of the whole on
the reveaue bill, and demanded the yeas
and nays on the vote. The vote was taken
and tho motion was defeated by a vote of
157 to 140. Tbe motion will be renewed on
Tuesday the 22d. The House went into
committee of the whole on the naval ap
propriation bill and listened to a lengthy
argument and an array of statistics pre
sented by Mr. Herbert of Alabama.
Juke D18 Senate Rome miscellaneous
matters were disposed of when tho follow
ing bills were taken up and passed: A
House bill reducing from eight cents to
five cents fhe fee on domestic money or
ders for sums not exceeding $". A bill
prohibiting the publication of lottery ad
vertisements in the District of Columbia
and the territories. A House bill to make
the allowance for clerk hire to postmast
ers at first and second class offices cover
clerical labor in the money order business.
A bill for the encouragement of the Am
erican merchant marine and to promote
postal and commercial relations with for
eign countries (this is the Frye bill),
providing for the payment of
fifty cents a mile for carrying tho foreign
mails of the United States. Tho substance
of the bill has been already attached as a
Senate amendment to the House Postoflico
Appropriation bill. A bill to increase the
efficiency of the army of the United Stsxtes.
This is Mr. Logan's amendment bill. Tho
original bill providing for on increase of
the army and this provision gave rise to a
protracted debate in the Senate some
weeks ago. In its new form that feature
of the original bill has been omitted. After
an executive session the Senate adjourned
HorsE A resolution was offered referred
providing for the adjournment of congress
on Saturday, July 2d. In committee of
tho whole the naval appropriation bill was
discussed. At the evening session 20 pri
vate pension bills were passed.
White Wheat We quote, 79S0.
Red WnEAT Quotations range fron
Corn But small demand. Prices rang'
from 33 to 35 cents.
Oats Demand very light; S3 to 34 cent
is tbe range of prices.
Provisions Detroit, new" mess, $10 CXH
10 25; Detroit family pork, $10 50(a)10 75;
short clear, $1212'J5; lard in tierces. fi'V'"
0,'c; half bbls, iiH(nfiKc n pails, 7(a7!,$e:
hams, 10Jl(tllc; shoulders. Ci,'('ic; dric
beef, 13(V i:ic; bucon, Ti'c; extra mes
beef, $8 2.rK;t8 50; family beef, $(.'J 25.
Flour. The market is quiet and steady
at tbe following quotations: Michigan
patents $5 00(5 25; Michigan roller. $4 S
(?4 05; Michigan superfine, $'i 75('i 75:
Minnesota patents $52.'(d5 50; Minnesota
bakers' $4 25(tf4 50; Michigan rye $3 f
3 05; Illinois rye,$3 77(0,3 85.
Chickens 11 12
Ducks V lb 12 M 3
Geese 8 0
Turkeys 12 C 13
Potatoes?? bu 27 SO
Potatoes (new) per bbl.. COO ($
Onions $ bbl 2 75 M 3 00
Honey l'J 13
Dide9 Green city per B. 6
Country 6 t4
Cured 8 OH 8
Green calf fl (a 10
Salted green call 10 OiJ 11
Sheepskins 50 (v 1 M
Beans, picked 1 10 (fl 1 25
Beans, unpicked 45 (e 75
Hay 9 50 Q$ 10 50
Straw 5 00 (0 6 0
Beeswax 25 (Jit 80
Apples per bbl 2 50 (j 2 75
Butter 15 (t 16
Eggs '. 10 (ft 11
Cheese 10 & 10K
Cattle Market slow but steady;
shipping steers, 950 to 1,500 lbs, $4 40
5 65; stockers and feeders, $3 7.Vtf4 (50;
cows bulls and mixed, $23 115: bulk, $2 70
(3 10; through Texas cattle, $3 25(4.
Hoes-Market fairlv active and 10c. lower;
rough and mixed, $3 8o(di 20; packing and
shipping, $4 104 25; light, $3 S0T4 25;
skips, $3 75.
SnEEr Shipments. none; markets
steady; natives, $22 60; lambs per bead,
A special cablegram to the Drovers'
Journal from London says: With heavy
receipts from all quarters tbe
market is weak and prices have declined
lc per pound since last week. Both Ameri
can and home bred cattle are in large sup
ply and the demand is weak. Best Ameri
cans, 13c dressed.
During the past week buyers of wool
have been very active throughout Michi
gan, and sharp competition has been going
on, and to a great extent speculative
prices have ruled. Last year some money
was made in wool speculations, and, it is
claimed by the large wiyers, prices un
warranted are being paid for the clip by
interior buyers in hopes of reaping large
profits on like good fortune this year.
Many of the eastern firms have found it
impossible to compete with
these speculative buyers, and, conse
quently, the wool is all going into the hands
of the inferior buyer. Prices started at
from 22(g24c per lb, but the speculative
spirit soon carried the price up to 20c and
then to 28c. It is claimed by dealers who
follow the market closely and base their
prices on actual information that even 24o
and 25o per lb for wool this year is mora
than the legitimate situation warrants.
On Wednesday, the 16th, the annual great
auction sale of wool took place in Lon
don, England, when 805,000 bales of wool
cf 500 lbs weight each -vera be
disposed of. This sale virtually
sets the price of wool for the world and
even should last year's prices be sustained
the present price paid is thought to
be too high, while if a slight break should
take place in the price there the Michigan
market will be demoralized.
It is estimated tbat fully three-quarters
of tbe clip has already been purchased,
and on the present out look farmers who
sell at 75o and upwards will have made ex
tremely good bargains.
The Michigan clip is only moderately
large and not quite reaching last year's
An Election Blot.
During the elections In Santiago on the
16th inst a great riot occurred. Forty per
sons were killed and many wounded. Tha
hospitals are fullof injured persons. Ben
or Dinator, a prominent member of the
Radical party, was killed. The result of
the elections is supposed to ba In favor of
One Hundred and Ten Lives Lest.
One hundred natives and ten English
P 'rsons lost their lives through the erup
tion of tbe volcano of Tarawera. New
We Celebrate Onr Semi-Centen-
Michigan's Bed Letter Day.
The exercises of Michigan's semi-centen
nial celebration were opened at the east
front of the capitol at 10 o'clock on the
morning of tbe 15th by selections of na
tional airs by the Cassopolis band. Rev.
(eo. Taylor of Lansing, an old army chap
lain, offered prayer, and Gov. Alger deliv
ered the address of welcome.
Gov. Alger expressed his pleasure at
bidding a welcome to those who were
present. He reviewed the prosperty of
Michigau, her unrivaled growth, her edu
cational and benevolent institutions, and
paid a tribute to the pioneers who had
done so much to build up these. In 1835
the total vote cast for governor was
8,322; in 1884 it was 400,348. In ie37 the
total population was 174,407, while to-day
it is nearly two millions. This population
has ever been patriotic. In the time of
trial, when the civil war broke out, 90,747
men went to the front, nearly one in eight
of the population. The governor eulogized
those who fought and died, and continued
"Hearts there are hero to-day that ache
for loved ones so early lost, and indigna
tion heats the blood and quickens the
Julso of thoso who made these groat sacri
Ices as they read of the recent triumph-,
ant march of tho head of the rebellion
through tho south, uttering the same old
treasonable sentiments that carried the
firebrand of war through the south in 1861,
and whose pathway was strewn with flow
ers by the school children en masse."
This was no appeal to sectional prejudice,
he said, but that which made ihe future of
the country safe. The children must be
taught that here is no place for the flag of
secession, or nihilism, or socialism, or the
commune. There is only ono flag to bow
to here the stars and stripes.
The governor wus frequently applauded,
especially in his reference to Jeff Davis'
recent triumphant journey.
On the steps were a delegation from tha
state pioneer society, and after the gover
nor had concluded Witter J. Baxter spoke
briefly for thesocieiy. It wos so intensely
warm that further outdoor exercises were
adjourned to the shade at tho west front
of the capitol. where Hon. K. O. Grosve
nor delivered his address on the financial
history of the state.
A pretty feature of the opening exer
cises was the singing of the school child
ren, who were dressed in white, and their
rendition of "The red, white and blue,"
accompanied by the waving of small flags,
was tumultuously received. At the con
clusion of the opening exercises two other
meetings were immediately convened in
Representative hall and the Senate cham
ber. The former was presided over by
Hon. Henry Chamberlain of Three Oaks,
and tho latter by Hon. Henry Fralick of
Hon. Henry Fralick of Grand Rapids,
presided at the meeting in the Senate
Chamber, and the Arion quartette furnish
ed the music.
Hon. Alpheus Felch, the oldest governor
in the state, and one of Michigan's most
honored citizens gave a very complete and
interesting history of the government of
the state from its acquirement by France
until the present timo.
Hon. Henry Chamberlain presided in
Representative Hall. Judge Cooley was
the principal speaker. His address was
one of the most able efforts of that able
man, and will be one of the most valuable
historical documents on our state records.
The history of the state and its education
al institutons, was followed by an interest
ing biographical sketch of its public men,
omitting those now living.
Judge J. V. Campbell gave a very enter
ing history of our "Judiciary" from the
territorial day until the present. The ad
dress, aside from its historical value, was
repleto with timely suggestions.
Fx Senator T. 11. Hinchman presided at
the grand stand. Hon. W. L. Webber pre
pared a very able address on "Agricul
ture," which was read by Daniel L. Cross
man, clerk of tho House of Representa
tives. C. W. Garfield delivered an address on
"Horticulture" and gave many valuable
facts and suggestions on fruit-growing in
Adjt.-Gen. Robertson delivered an ad
dress on "Military," the chief part of
which was devoted to the services render
ed the country by Michigan during the
civil war, and the gallantry, heroism and
efficiency of the troops set forth. Owing
to the lateness of the hour Gen. Robertson
did not read all his paper, which will ap
pear in full in the record of the occasion.
John II. Bissell of Detroit read the
opening paper at the meeting irt the grove.
His subject was "Fish and Fish
culture." Mr. Bissell gave a detailed ac
count of the early fisheries in the lakes of
Michigan.flsh culture, and the work of the
President Willits of the agricultural col
lege followed with an able address on
"Agricultural Colleges," and of our own
institution in particular.
Hon. Levi L. Barbour of Detroit, read a
very able paper on "Reformatories and
Charities," abounding in timely sugges
tions, which it is hoped, may be presented
to our legislative solons at . tb next ses
sion of the legislature.
Prof. J. M. B. Sill of Detroit, read a
paper prepared bv James W. Bartlett on
"Mechanics." The paper was a rare com
bination of fun, statistics, and general in
Maj. Ransom, deputy railroad commis
sioner, gave an exhaustive recapitulation
of the history of railroads in Michigan,
and Prof. Sill of Detroit followed with an
able historical sketch of the schools of the
state, normal and common.
At the evening meeting in Representa
tive Hall. President Angell spoke of the
history of the University from its earliest
days to the present and traced the various
departments, the professorships, the
courses of the institutions, the different
executive heads, all teing mentioned.
Fx-Congressman Horr, treated the con
gressional history of the state in a very
While thia "feast of reason and flow of
soul, 7 was so amply provided for, tbe
"inner man" was not forgotton. Many of
tho visitors brought their own food, vet
some thousands availed themselves of the
gigantic free lunch. The result of days
of preparation was seventy minutes of
very speedy carving. Two and a half
hours after the tocsin sounded for lunch
there was not even a bone left. A large
quantity of bread already buttered, was
served to all comers. Three large caldrons
were kept over open fires. In two of these
were potatoes. In the third caldron was
coffee. A couple of barrels of the beverage
was made at one time and as soon as ready
was ladled into tall tin cans, holding about
a barrel each, the cans being kept on a hot
stove. From the faucet of these cans the
hot liquor 'poured in a constant stream into
the procession of tin coffee pots and from
them the coffee went into the cups of the
consumers. Every one had to baing his
ra"cpticlps notice having licen given lie
forehand to this effect. Can after can of
milk also disappeared and was as much
sought after as the coffee.
The exercbes of our first semi-centennial
celebration closed with a vote of thanks
to tho committee, tho speakers the sing
ers, the player and all others forltheir ef
forts. It was felt the celebration had been
Shot by a Craxy Doctor.
Col. J. W. Strong, editor of the St. Jo
eph, Mo., Herald, was shot and instantly
killed in his office the other morning, by
Dr. S. A. Richmond of Nervine fame, who
immediately attempted to take his own
life by placing the muzzle of his smoking
revolver to his own head and firing. Tha
ball, however, glanced around the frontal
bone and he is said to be not serionalv in-
jnred. The motive for the deed grew out
of complications of Richmond with tha
Hubbard advertising agency. Col. Strong
being an attorney In tho case, and to
whom, in connection with others, Rich
mond charged all his late troubles. CoL
Strong's death was Instantaneous, two
shots taking effect, one in the breast and
one in the neck, either of which would
have proved fatal. .
The wheat rrnn of CrAnrmAn An igoo . .
1,818.000: all of it w ! rni,n,n.,..
sumDtlon. An Alhn
Jury out without anything to eat or a
"- v mivry iur vniriJ-SIX QOUrS.