Newspaper Page Text
The Weekly Expositor
J. A. Mkxziks, iMitorand Prop. YALE, - MICH The United Statos army Is to be tuppllcd with smokeless powder. Many of the soldier boys havo al ready had exporionco with it in warm parlor engagements. It is safo to say that the oriental jewelry counter in the California Midway will not bo extensively pat ronized by the same persons who in vested that way in Chicago. Tilfl English parliament complains of being overworked. If tho English parliament should work days and sleep nights, like the rest of the world, it would not get so tired. The English parliament is tho only body of men that, works nights, unless so compelled by tho necessity of tho case. Tub charge against tho Boston psychological Institute of stealing a corpso will not find many believers. If the instituto had an opportunity to teal a real, genuine ghost it might yield to temptation. It is not par tial to soulless bodies; but it would doubtless pay well for a disembodied oul. .Te criminal idiocy of parents who lock helpless children into tho house while they go visiting is ono of the things that the law seems .powerloss to roach. If tho children were always burned alive, instead of oc casionally escaping as they now do. the practice might evontually become unpopular. The Metropolitan traction company of New York offers $5!),000 to any ono who will invent a new motive power for street cars. Emerson advised people, a long timo ago, to hitch their wagons to a star. Perhaps this motivo power would work as well on a street car as on a wagon. The $50,0v)0 check can now bo for warded at once. Being arrested for having caused the death of a child a Brooklyn man put forth the defense that ho was a physician. This plea was not ac cepted, tho fact developing that the claim et up was false. However, the episode would seem to indicate that the privilege of the healer to become killer is too generally recog nized for public safety. Oxe of thoso coincidences that aro ns mysterious as they are interesting occurred in connection with the death of John Nolan, an officer ot the su perior court of New York. Last Saturday ho "took a notion" to make his will, and, as he was in excellent health, was chaffed by friends whom he a.iked to witness it. It was signed and sealod that afternoon and the next day ho died of heart disease. A pleasixo little vico-versa anec dote emerges from tho classic shades of Phillips academy at Exeter, N. H. Tho principal wouldn't let tho stu dents go to a burlesquo performanco and thereupon they plastered his room among othors full of the pleas ing pesters wherewith the attrac tions of the show wero set forth. If Mohammed wouldn't go to tho moun tain, why, they just fetched tbo mountain to him. Jol'no Jewell Flint of Sacramento, Cal., who shot a girl in the back because she hal properly estimated him, and refused him her hand, hal been allowed to plead guilty to murder in the second degree. It would bo interesting; to know what Is considered first-degree murder up that way. Young Mr. Flint is to bo felicitated. If hanged he would ticablo to kill any more girls, but in prison he may live in hopes. V is Baid that tho great flrV pun will carry a shot sixteen nilr Tho best English steel rllles c..:iy thirteen miles, and we havo several 12-inch terrors i 1 tho United States 'that will carry ten miles. And yet it is a fact that several valuable lives havo been lost within the past two months because the best guns used at llfo-saving stations are not able to carry a lifo-lino more than 00J or 700 yards. ' Perhaps if as much attention wero paid to perfecting life-saving mortars and guns as to perfecting doath-dealing ones, the world's civilization would not suffer. Petek Neaicy, of Newark, N. J., had a billy goat and a ten-dollar greenback. Billy and tho bill had a meeting, and, following the fashion of tho period, effected a cohsolida tlon; that is to say, tho goat chewed and swallowed the banknote. This arrangement waa made without Mr. Neary's consent, and ho moved in stantly for a dissolution of partner ship by killing tho goat and recover ing the fragments of tho bilL 'J hose wore sent to tbo treasury, and it seems that thero was enough left to identify tho note, and so a few days ago Mr. Neary received a brand new $10 noto in return, and is only out to tho extent of a goat. A,V0THEtt man with a broken nock is llvin? In Provldenco, It I. Many accidents, liko many diseases, which wero onco considered fatal, are now known to bo not necessarily so. Many cases of men with broken backs and broken necks living are cow on record. Tests of modern riflos are being mado by using human corpses for targets. This sounds brutal, but it really is less brutal than making tho tests on bodies that aro not corpses la tbo beginning. THE BURGLAR AT WORK HOW HE COAXES OPEN THE MODERN BANK SAFE. taoaetliuet tlio Modern Ilnrg'ar I Scientist Who40 C.'le vernesi I Quite Superior ti Kvery Kind of l'roteclton Mcro-Glycerlne. Tho squao door is generally held in position when closed by eight round bolts of one and a half inches in di iraeter. Thoso aro shot from behind tho door across tho joint to the rear jt tho jamb of tho door, and tho strength of the door-jamb to rosist being torn out is tho maximum strength of tho safo to resist tho ulet but forcible eloquence of tho burglarious visitor. Tho second, or round, class of doors aro built of plates similar to thoso of the safe, and generally havo a coarso thread ut on their periphry, tho door being screwed into the safe. Tho square doors are generally more open to persuasion than tho other kind. In opening a modern bank safe the burglar putties up the entire joint or rack except for about an inch at top and bottom, says the Boston Her ald. A wall of putty is then formed about, tho top crack, whero it is un covered, and two and a halt or three ounces of nitro glycerine poured into It If the safo is not protectod by felt or rubber, it will require but throe or four minutes for tho glycer lag to distribute itself over tho en tire joint of tho door and drip out at tho lower crack. An ordinary do tonating cap. such as is used in ex ploding dynamite, is inserted in tho upper well and tho fuso lit. When the explosion occurs the door comes off. When tho operation takos place In tho vault thero is raroly any noise nioro than fifty foot away. The burglar docs not carry nitro glycerine with him. He goes to a hardwaro storo and buys a few pounds of dynamite, which ho breaks up in a convenient vessel, as a wash basin, covers with ' alcohol, and allows it to stand until tho glycerine has all combined with it. The al cohol and glycerine aro then poured off, and an equal amount of water is added; the water and tho alcohol combino, and tho nitro-glycerlne sinks to the bottom, whero it is ready for use. A bank in a Western state had its safe located within ten feet of the street window, thus making it visi ble to everyone who passod. In front of tho safo at night burned an arc light, while the safo door was ar ranged so that its opening would ring a bell in the cashier's sleeping apart ments by means of an electric con nection. After banking hours tho burglar called on the occupants, rep resenting himself as an inspector of tho electric light company, thus gaining access to tho top of the building, whero ho short-circuited tho electric wires and thus prevented tho ringing of tho cashier's bell. That night after tho street cars stopped running, tho burglar cut the trolley wire at two points about six hundred feet apart. Taking ono end of tho pioco between two buildings and placing it in a cistern, tho other end was connected to tho electric wire, thus making a "ground" and putting out Hi's arc lights in tho bank. Tho safe was then opened in less than twenty minutos with nitro glycerine and several thousand dol lars taken. Tho chrome steel, of which the safo and vaults of banks aro now largely built, is easily drilled by first heating tho steel. A basket of wiro netting is mado to cover a space of about six or eight inches square, and this is wired to tho hide of tho safe or door. It is filled with charcoal, which is Ignited and a fierco heat generated by a pair of bellows. In four or fivo minutes tho basket is removed and tho heated spot allowed to cool. It may then be drilled or cut liko ordi nary boiler iron. Onco a holo suffi ciently largo to admit a man's arm was cut through a chromo-stool bank safo four inches thick in four hours, so that a man's arm was passed through and the locking bolts discon nected with a wrench. In a littlo less than two hours a smaller holo was cut through tho back of tho safo into tho money vault and its contents taken out through tho hole. The large vault door behind which tho safo is placod is raroly blown with glycerine. It is generally opened by drilling a two or three inch holo between tho handlo and tho combination lock. This cuts off tho locking bolt, and tho door opens when tho handlo is turned. Safes with round doors which aro screwed in are often opened experimentally by building a well of putty at the upper part of the joint and exploding about a toa.spoonful of glyoerino on tho outside, the result being to cut out the top of tho outer plate ot metal. A largo well, embraoing the cup ped portion, ia then made, and two ounces of glycorino placed therein, which foods around the threads in about ten minutes, tearing the door and part of the frame out when ex ploded. One round door is men tioned, which was' found to be so tight in the threads that glycerine would not flow. This was opened by first cupping out the inside plato, as just explained, and pouring half a toaspoonful of glycerino into the opening. This soon passed down the joint between tho plates, and when exploded brought off tho outsido plato and some! of the screws holding it In place. (Ilyeerine being introduced Into thoso holes and exploded brought off tho second plate, and this pro cess was continued until in twenty minutes tho entiro door was lying on tho floor in pieces. The most ex peditious modo of taking out round doors Is said to be to drill an Inch hole all but through the edgo of the door and safo, and to explodo glycor ino In this hole. In this way tho joints between tho plates of tho safe and door are opened out so that tho explosion of a few ounces of glycer ino in tho crevices will bring out the whole door at once. HUNT OF THE OFFICE-SEEKER. llAfieured Vy bjr Iay I'ntll Hope de ferred Mnketli lit Hrt Sick. Not all tho peoplo who haunt the capltol aro office-seekers, but a good ly proportion of them are, says tho Washington Star. They come from all sections ot the country and repre sent all classes of society. Of all th groAt concourse that stroams through the corridors of the vast building day after day tho office-seekers aro tho most forlorn looking. They im portune their senators and represen tatives over and again, and refuse to bo turned from the phantom they aro pursuing. Before congress me-its every day the general roception room to the south of tho senate chamber is full to crowding with tho.;o wait ing to send in their cards to senators. A majority of these are after office, either for themselves or for relatives or friends. By the timo the invoca tion of tho chaplain is finished the bits of cardboard begin to fall in showers upon tho desks of the states men. Thoso gentlemen do not havo timo to go through their mail beforo they aro interrupted by callers. Tho visitors hand their cards to ono or tho other of tho numerous door keepers and assistants and retire to tho great leather covered chairs and sofas scattered around tho reception room to await tho result. It is a no ticeable fact that women largely pre dominate in these waiting and anx ious throngs about tho senate en trances. Perhaps it is thought that their earnest solicitude will more favorably and deeply impress tho men who aro supposed to control the dispens-ation of official favors. They aro of all ages, appearances and con ditions. The fashionable society woman elbows her more humble sis ter of tho work-a-day world, and blushing, diffident young girls sit and wait by the side of aged, infirm women in the scar and yellow leaf. Silk rustles against the simple garb of the humble poor, and beauty smiles into the faco of decrepit age. Many of them wait long and patiently without reward. Their senator is "not in," or ho is "en gaged,"" or he sends word, "please call again." And tho recipient of the message goes away with a heavy heart and troubled countenance, to come again in a few days and try it all over. NOTES AND NOTIONS. One pound of cork is amply suffi cient to support a man of ordinary size in the water. Kane, the Arctie traveler, was car ried 700 miles bv dogs at the speed of seven miles an hour. There are 'forty-eight distinct dis eases of the eye. No other organ of the human body hits so many. A new steel of extraordinary quali ties is reported to bs discovered by a Japanese named Yamana llanhojye. The agricultural capital of Europe has doubled sinco 181:); that of the United States has increased over six fold. Four tramps took possession of a Santa Fe dining car at Riverside. Cal., tho other day and helped them selves to provisions. Amber, often classed a:nong gems, is a fossil product. Most of the speci mens inclosing insects are manufac tured from gum copal. The law which makes capital pun ishment in New York death by elec tricity went into effect in 18'JO. Since it lias become operative eighteen mur derers have been electrocuted. ALLEGED WITTICISMS. "Waiter, it is almost half an hour since I ordered that turtle soup!" Waiter Sorry, sir, but you know how slow turtles are. "Do you think, Schmidt, that your affection for f raulein is reciprocated?" "I really can't say. I am loving her at pre-ent on credit." "Why don't you strike the man across the street for a quarter?" Raggs I've been waitin' for two hours to see if ho won't come over this way. "Tommy," said Mr. Waters, "isn't that a pretty big buckwheat cake for a boy of your size?" "It looks big," said Tommy, "but really it isn't It's got lots of porouses in it." Girl at the Central Just wait a sec ond; somebody's telephoning for an ambulance. Man at the Telephone What for? Girl at Central Man run over by another ambulance. Princeling, opening the shooting match Donnewetter, I have gone too far to the left? Gamekeeper Oh", not at all, your highness the target is fixed too much to the right A I can not understand why you shed tears at the theater last night It was one of the most wretched per formances I ever saw. B' Yes, but I was fool enough to pay for ray ticket lie Janette, I'm afraid you are a vain little wife. You gaze into your mirror so much. She You oughtn't to blame me for that I haven't your advantage, lie What's that? She You can see my face without looking into a mirror. "I am not expecting any package," said the lady of the house. "This is the number," persisted tho driver of the delivery wagon, looking at his book again. "Name's Illggins, ain't it'" "Yes." "No, 374?" "That's our number." "Then it's for you." "I think not It must be a case of mistaken identity." "No mum. It's a ca9 of beer." TO THE SOUTH POLE THE COOK EXPEDITION TO START IN SEPTEMBER. The Commander Tell What He Expect to Develop In the Vait Ire 'outliieiit of tlio Antarctic Kegloii Interrtliif DUcoverles Kipectet -1 UK NORTH POLK and the regions sur rounding it have long and often been y brought before the V- notice of the public. While t h e geo graphical pole has g.y not been reached, mMsfcA many of th.e hCk:n tic questions in vW volved in these frozen northern regions are now known. The north polar regions have been visited so often by navigators, adventurers, and recently by scientific explorers, that the geography of their surroundings is .fairly well charted, nnd I feel confident that ere the lapse of five years the north pole will be reached, nnd a fair idea of the topog raphy of its immediate surroundings will be at the command of geograph ers. While this state of chronic excite ment, with epidemic enthusiasm, has MAI OF THE ANTARCTIC RKGIONS. Showing routes of previous explorers. been constantly directed northward, the south polar regions have been neg lected, and very little is known of tho Antarctic zone. It seems natural that this should be the ease when we consider the re spective relative positions of the two points with regard to the more densely inhabited portions of the earth. The one is situated almost in the center of the land hemisphere; the other occu pies a corresponding position in the water hemisphere, surrounded by a waste of wild seas, and lying thou sands of miles away from any inhal ited land. So utterly isolated is the south pole and the regions surrounding it, so lonely and cold is it in its solitude, tha"t one would hardly feel astonished if it had failed to attract the curiosity of mankind. It was to satisfy curiosity that the first expedition to the south frigid zone was undertaken. Old geographers en tertained the quaint idea that in the southern seas great continents existed, as a necessary condition of terrestrial construetion.in order to counterbalance those in the north, and maintain the earth in stable equilibrium. From tune to time search for these imaginary lands was made. Previous to the beginning of this century man' attempts had been made to enter the ice barrier and discover the continent supposed to exist, but their only success hr.d been the discov ery of a few barren islands. As a re sult of this the old geographers were disgusted that nature should have neglected to construct an Antarctic continent, and scratched from off their maps the great mainland of the south ern seas, which had figured so long on their charts. Early in this century a few import ant discoveries were made, and about J83." the American and several European governments began to take an interest in these regions. As a result of this international interest, which was per haps international pride, intermingled with curiosity, the L'nited Sates gov ernment tdaborateby fitted out an ex pedition under the command of Lieu tenant Wilkes, and the Trench an ex pedition under the command of Ad miral Dumont dTrvellc. Shortly after these had been fitted out the English fitted out an expedition on a grand scale under Captain James Hoss. ,The meager results of thee expedi tions and the iotensely bitter contro- EIVIND ASTRVP. vcrsy which they excited, I presume, are familiar tonll. An expedition to the South Polar regions is an enterprise far more diffi cult of conception in all its bearings than the one to the opposite hemis phere, a climate perhaps vastly more severe, a navigation Infinitely more in tricate and dangerous in character, and so far removed from any base of operations, with no known harbor for the security of the ship as winter quarters. The right or Greenland whale is rap idly becoming extinct Whale oil has become less desirable since the intro duction of other oils to take its place, and whaling. In general, has become very unprofitable within recent years. This has thrown several excellent ves sels, built for Arctic service, on the market, where they can be bought at low figures. I propose to buy one of thesa steam whaling vessels of about 300 tons, nnd refit her for Antarctic service. She must be provisioned for three years. While two strongly built steamer of this kind would bo perhaps most desirable, their use would so increase the expense as to render the enter prise almost impracticable. I think that one vessel can be so equipped us to render retreat safe and certain if the vessel is lost. On the decks of the steamer we shall carry two lifeboats. One of these shall be largo enough to cross the rough waters between the South Shetland islands and South America. The other, a smaller one, will be built for ice navigation. Since the seasons are reversed in the southern hemisphere, the months for exploration will be December, Janu ary, February and March. Therefore, the expedition should leave New York about Sept. 1, next. The course will be New York to the Falkland islands, there replenish our coal nnd provision supply. From the Falkland islands we shall steam directly for Terra Louis Philippe. On one of the islands oif this coast we shall deposit one of our lifeboats, with provisions enough to reach the Falk land islands from here. From Terra Lou's Philippe our course will depend much upon the movements of tho-o vast packs of ice drifting around the polar area at the mercy of the prevailing winds and currents, leaving temporary openings in the direction of the continent or the Pole. We shall hero take advantage of the first opportunity to enter the ice bar rier and proceed in a southerly direc tion to the most southern point at which we will be al io to reach land. There search for some nook or harbor for our vessel, establish our headquar ters, beginning systematic observa tions at once. What remains in store for us to face on this frozen continent during the long, gloomy Antarctic night, one can do little more than conjecture. We shall be so fortified against the ele ments that if the storms are worse and the temperature lower than in the ! northern regions it would no I materi ! ally affect our existence. We shall be ! thoroughly prepared to meet the worst. The immediate surroundings will I first receive a detailed geological and j topographical survey. Meteorological observations, which will lugin on our arrival, will be continued right along unremittingly for one year. A party will be k-pt constantly in the field in search of an'wji.'l and vege table life in the sea and on land. This DR. F. A. COOK. party shall also search diligently for fossil remains of earlier life. The inland ice, if it exists, will be examined with a view to utilizing it us a highway for more southern explora tions. If we find it practicable for this purpose we shall establish an ad vance station. From this advance station of pro visions we will begin operations the following spring, when the 6un re turns, for an extended southern sledge journey across the continent. As the sun disappears explorations in the field must etasennd a systematic routino of mental und physical exer cise betfin. The length of this Ant arctic night will, of course, depend upon the latitude that we will be ablo to reach. After my experience in the Arctic regions this phenomenon pre sents no terror to me. I feel confident that if a proper system of exercise be enforced, and by the aid of modern foods, we need not fear the curse of earlier explorers scurvy. As soon as the sun returns our ae tions in the field will again begin The inland party for more southern ex plorations will then start on their journey across- the inland ice. lhe scientific observations will be con tinucd along the coast and as much of the coast explored on sledges and In boats as the time before our retreat will permit. After the return of the inland party, which will be ubout March 1, we will at once begin our retreat We shall use every endeavor to protect our ves sel from ice pressure and try to keep her from being jammed or detained in tho ice packs. If we should be so un fortunate as to lose our vessel, our re treat is so planned that by the use of a combination of small boats which can be drawn over ice, nnd sledges, we will be able to reach our life-boat on nn island off Louis Philippe Land, and In this cross over to the ! alkland islands. After we have crossed the Antarctic Circle, if the time nnd weather con ditions will permit, we shall endeavor to study the mainland and islands in the region of Jcrra Louis Philiooe. Leaving here we shall probably reach the I alkland islands about May 1: from there, after stopping at one or two South American ports, we shall steam direct ior ew iorit. - wyff mi EDVIN BOOTH. The llllllnj of I'resideut Lincoln and It KfTVict Upon the Actor'a Life. For the next year I paw hlrn con stantly, either In Philadelphia or in Mew York, whero ho was then play ing at the Winter Garden, write William Uispham in tho Century, ia those marvelous revivals of Shake speare's plays which made hi fame as a stage manager only second to his fame as an actor. Ihen camo tho horror of the event of Good Fri day night of 18t)., and Kdwin Pooth was stricken to tho ground. Nothing but tho lovo that waj poured Jut for him by his friends saved him from madness. For days his sanity hung In the balance, and wo all wero fear ful for the result, but nature and friendship gained the victory, and though his very soul was torn with anguish, his clear, strong brain re asserted itself and ho was himself again. For nearly a year ho with drew from tho stage, and it was only when-the call of the public for his: return became too strong to longer be withstood that ho consented to play again. During the timo that ho was in retirement it was ray great privilege to pass nearly every evening with him. I had come to- Mew York to live in tho spring of 165, and being alono here could follow my own inclinations in being with him as much as he dosirod. Wo used to sit in his library on tho first fioor of the houso ho occupied in Nineteenth street, east of iJroadway, whore his mother, his sister Kosalie, and his littlo daughter Kdwina wero with him. Often we ".fould talk so late that when wo were ready to go to bed (we wero never ready to stop talking), it was too lato for me to go to my lodgings, and ho would insist on my turning in with him. which I would do, sharing his room and bed. Ofton in the evening we would stroll through the dark streets, for it was only at this timo that ho would ven ture out, hardly knoring what kind of a reception would bo his if he wero recognized, for. to its eternal infamy be it said, ono of the leading (P) papers of Mew lork had de nounced him in the most bitter man ner, arid said that neither ho nor any of his name would ever again do permitted to appear upon tho stage of any theater in tho United States. It is a singular comment on this that the only vote ever cast by Edwin Booth for president of tho United States vas for Abraham Lincoln in 18G4, and that ho 6uvcd the life of one of Abraham Lincoln's sons. Booth himself told mo of this occurrence He had started for Philadelphia from New Ycrk, and while he wa9 stand ing on tho platform of a car, still in the Pennsylvania railroad station at Jersey City, and just as the train was about to move, a young lad. go ing from ono car to another, stumbled and would have fallen between them. had not Kdwin caught him by tho collar of the coat and landed him in safety by his side. The boy, whom Kdwin had never seen beforo, evi dently recognized him, and holding out his hand said to him: "That was a narrow escape, Mr. Booth," and thanked him warmly. Two weeks later Kdwin received a letter from General Adam Pad can in which tho latter mentioned thatUobert Lin coln had told him that it was his life that had thus been saved. Strain I'ower in sinrr Mil'. Steam power is being gradually introduced into tho sugar null., but tho island of Barbadoes is still well studded with windmills, which pleas ingly diversify tho monotonous as pect of tho over cultivated country. Indeed with so constant a power as tho trade wind, most of tho work of this favored land can bo performed almost free of cost. If you need water you havo only to tunk a well anil erect a windmill over it. which will keep your reservoir full. The coral rock is so porous that there is no such tning as a river in tho whole island. Tho whole rainfall sinks through the soil to form un derground streams, which discharge their copious Hoods below the sur face of tho sea. Will Any Deterred? Mr. Darley, reading A shower .cf rice thrown after a bride and bride groom in England as they wero starting on their wedding journey caused tho horses attached to their carriage to bolt, with tno result that the oridegrom was thrown out and received. serious injuries! Mrs. Darley, who has been -refused money for a new bonnet, spitefully Another warning against marriage. Voguo. Hard Time Soiteneil Illrdle. Birdie McGinnis Aro you still angry with mo, Charlie? Charlio Bondcllpper Angry about what Birdie? . Birdie Mc(ilnnls You know about a year ago you offered mo your hand, and I cruelly rejected your offer. 1 havo havo thought bettor of it since. Charlio Bondcllpper Hump! So havo I. Texas Siftings. Kief trio Light for HtU. Electric light is being usod as a bait by fishermen who ply their call ing along tho Pacific coast This Yankco adaptation of electricity brings big hauls. Tho fish aro at tracted by tho bright light in the water, and their investigations gen erally end in their being hookod whilo trying to swallow tho glass globules. Whr He IHned at the ini. "Hullo, old man! How's it you're dining at the club? Thought your wifo told me sho had tho Browns and Smiths to dinner this evening." "No; that was yesterday. This evening sho has the odds and ends." Punch.