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THE WASHINGTON' (TOTIC, MONDAY EVENING?
KRY 27,, 1890. WASHLNGTON C1HTT 11 iwkijnp, Cowhn & 11uski;tt. 43 D STREET NORTHWEST, WASHINGTON, t). O. THE SUNDAY CNITU'. Mnglceopy ttConti One year $J,W THE EVENING CHITIC. fcliifleCopy '.'fonts By Carrier, per month..... liOnti By mall, postage pnld, ono year Jia) By mall, postage pn'd, six months 3 00 St Malt, pottage paid, por month. ...SO Oonts Mall subscriptions Invariably in advance. Address THE CHITIC, Washington, P. C. TVASHIKQTON, JANUAUY 87, 18D0 ro-xwirrsAMUSEMEXTs. AibaugVi, Flttccnlh ami E streets Fanny Davenport lu "La Tosca." National, Pennsylvania avenue, near Fourteenth street Francis Wilson In "The Oolab." Jlijou, Ninth street and Louisiana ave tuic "The Fakir." Jktruan'i, Eleventh and C streets Mentz Kanlley Burlcsquo Comnauy. (VJpftrenngylvaiilji avcnue,ncar Eleventh etretl Variety. .1 Oil A XG E. YVlnitcier lepulatlon, glorious or lhcrwite, the CAriTAij-Citrrri! has earned In the pnst should go into ro tiiement with those who formerly rtliected It. To-day Its orjnulsm, tvo tlvcs, ambitions are new. It Is yoked to no pnrticulnr Interest, to no official set. In no private Echcnie. It Is the hampion of no party, the spokesman of no politician, the omnibus of no'pro mofcr. It tv ill Iry to say good of tho good and need never be expected to spare tho bad. It will assail public men, without malice, and defend them, without devotion. It will strive to bo frank and honest with everyone, and, as tin earnest of this endeavor, opens its column to the complaints and retalia tions of nil. It shall not bo without convictions. )t thinks the only honorable imbecility of the period is the passion of legisla tors to live and act for constituencies alone. It has an abstract admiration for equal rights and will often have oc casion to show how rarely they niein lcnlily enjoyed. It knows that to prac tical government equality 1? a spiritual Hon, that fiateinily cannot be cnfoiccd by law any more than morality, and lhal alid sense of paternity in tho administration of public affairs is just as necessary to the honesty and welfare of a democracy as it Is to tho virtue and hanpincss of the family upon which that democracy is founded. It it-gnrdN the fear of centralization us a phantom, and depiecatcs Mr. Dana as the most amiable metaphysician of his country. It sees that political parties aiaonly new forniB of hostile armies, whose passions are too often tricked by lenricts covetous of fame and power. It dares to hold, though they know it not themselves, that all Democrats are Uuc Republicans as all Republicans are tiue Democrats, and will urge both to rise above platitudes, jealousies, plat forms, and particular concern for foreign-born citizens, till all aie become flue Americans holding solely in view tho higher destiny of the na tion. Tho tendency of the politician to be a demagogue when poor and a cormptlouist when rich it regrets, and i-'very Olodius and Crassus of the time it hopes to chasten with some printer's Ink. It believes th.it forced mental 1m-. provement rather than freely-peddled franchises Is to form the buckler of the lepnblic, and thinks that sincere men of limited knowledge and ono Idea like Calvin and Senator Blair are truly gicat.. It believes that the raco problem, begun in tho injustice of slavery, made bigger by -war and thon muddled by the mock cry of civil rights, demands the serious consideration of every thinking citizen. It reverences democratic simplicity and deplores the accumulation of wealth, while frankly admitting inability to as. Mime the one or stop the other. tl looks upou intemperance and the taijfY as very bad habits which common sense it nd time may ameliorate, if not i-rllrcly oicreome, It has any number of ideas, not to bo mentioned here, since they would lead further and further away from the defi nition ofits chief aim, which Is, in short, to be a newspaper above all ideas. In its humble way, and to the utmost of its humble means, Tub CniTio will try to give its readers tho happenings of the world, in condensed form, from day, to day, reserving moat of its space for, and devoting the major pait of its labor to, the affairs of Washington, which, after all, is at once its parent and its protege, tho beginning and eud of both its aim and ideas, - TO WASIIIXGTOXIAXS. Tin; CiiiTiy believes the people of "Washington -i without question the roost intelligent, democratic c6mmu nily in the wido world will support a journal which labors to maintain inde pendent views respecting all matters of public concern and strives at tho same time to exclude the scandals of privato life from Its columns. Such will bo tho earnest cffoit so long as tho piesent nmnngeinent holds the helm. Journal Urn lias Its preachers and doctrines, like every other presumptuous Institu tion of life, and tho theories as to how ucecss should be gained and extended are as urlous and confoundinc as tho moods of lho distinguished O'Hourko lttauiin However, it confers but one tcward upon failure, nml that is tho hhrcud of honest purposes. IliC'ir are two kinds of Independence Id n rdi in Journalism, the decisive nnd ; utnUfuL, Tho one pursues tho iitanf ine, tho other turns courses jjjie oneuover hesitates to Lrlear first leap it undoitnkcs, nnd puts In the remainder of its existence trying to convince cvoryono that It is testing on the ground somen lino. Tho ono is positive Independence; the other nogn tle. To bo Micccssful in negative in dependence it is necessary to ny ns Ut ile ns possible about cierythlng and to speak ill of no one who might have the power to lclallate. To be successful in positive independence tho lines between right and w rong must bo sharply nnd constantly drawn, and blows must bo Bliuck at ineu nnd Urines which the hurry nnd Imperfect judgment of the moment niny render false. Then It be comes the duty of positivo independ ence to rttnict or make every repara tion possible. A positively Independ ent journnl is often accused of being foolhardy j a negatively independentono Is more likely to seem foolish. The Ciiitic will bo positively independent. Tl.isisits honest purport, livery just grievance may call upon its columns for a bearing. Kvery good cause will hne Its enthusiastic support. Its opin ions can neither be bought nor bullied. Its mistakes will bo confessed tho in stant It sees them. It will lay no pre tense to consistency, since consistency Is only posslblo to unspcakablo Nature. If the people of "Washington do not care for tills sort of journalism the pres ent management of Tub Ciutio will soon go out of business. GOODBY, L0U1SIAXA LOTTERY. TiikCiiitic cannot boast the business patrouageof its contemporaries. Itiu hcrltcd from the Capital, however, a profitable advertisement, which thoy, in their wisdom, do not object to publish ing. It is the advertisement of tho Louisiana State Lottery, TheOhiticic jectsit, and to day returns to the honor-, able gentlemen who preside over the wheel at Now Orleans the difference be tween the amount of their premature check for tho month and what the Capital should receive for the twenty-ouo Insertions of Jan uary up to date. Thu Oniric mlmitsits inability to mark tho distinc tion between the Louisiana Lottery and a public gamblins den. It would not publish the advertisement of a gambler. It refuses to publish the advertisement of the Louisiana Lottery. Public lot tery is a public vico Neither legisla tive franchise nor the eood will of pa tions can justify It. Tun Critic Is going to prove its position, too. THE FA IP, AXD THE PARTIES. Ileic is a hint ol what would happen If Congress should locate tho World's Tnir in New York. The New York Times of yesterday said: Should the Stntc'of New York now full to secure from Congress the selection of the City or New York ns the site of the World's Fair of 1802, It Is perfectly evident tint, so far as Washington will have anything to do villi luriilajilng an explanation of the fail ure, It will attribute it to tho Interference and hostility of the Ifepubllcan party in tho State of New York. II is logical, then, to conclude that should Con gi ess choose New York as the site the Democratic party in that State would claim a triumph. Whichever way the matter is decided it is manifest thnt. so far ns Now York is concerned, paitinn politics is going to be a consideration paramount to the real purpose of the great memorial fair. Tho more the peoplo of this land con sider the fact that 1892 will bo a year of political hustling in New York; the more they contemplate the spectacle of a lot of cheap politicians using this memorial for their petty ends, the more unsafe it will be for the present Con. gress to locate the fair In such an at mosphere. CHICAGO'S CLAIMS. What if Chicago is thebig city of the Mississippi Valley and the centre of the country! What if it is ready to expend millions and build a tower hisher than the Eiffel with a pilc-driverf If the Government is to charter a World's Fair the seat of Government is the place for it. If the nation is to partici pate In an exhibition of its own mak lug, Its national, and not its geograph ical, centre, should contain" It. No other country has quibbled over this expediency. England did not raise her Crystal Palace at Manchester; Austria did not erect her llotanile at LInz; France never for a moment thought of holding hor exhibitions at Dijon. Yet nil these cities might have advance 1 pretenses similar to those of Chicago. Chicngo's magnificent interest in the World's Fair is not patriotic; it-is not national. It is speculative, entirely. It is the interest ot business men, of rail road jobbers, of real estate brokers. It Is not stimulated by pride half so much ns by purso. Honey, the pineal gland of Chicago greatness, is tho beginning and end of her efforts in this, ns in all projects. She Is no more entitled to tho World's Fair than sho is to the Na tional Museum, which, did she possess, she would charter to Kohl A Middloton for royalty. THE SCXDA Y LA W. A bill ''to prevent poisons from being foiccd to lnbor on Sunday" is before the House Committee on tho District of Columbia. It appeals that ex. Attorney for the District Riddle made tho discov ery, alarming to some and astonishing to all, that the Federal District was with out a Sundny law, Tho zeal of those worthy persons who believe that tho morals and habits of a great peoplo can bo regulated by statuto was aroused, and a determined effort Is being made to secure the passage of a comprc hcusivo aud far-reuching act designed lo prevent any secular labor or business in tho District on Sunday, except "works of necessity or mercy." Tho bill provides punishment for both laborer or employer with equal impar tiality. A proper and piacticid Sunday law is not objectionable, but tho most oftoc-. tivo Sunday laws are those which pre vent the wild license of a mining camp on tho ono hand, and avoid tho harsh and nanow icstrictions of tho Puritan on tho ether. Thus while tho .store, tho shop, tho saloon nnd the factory should bo closed on Sundny. tho institutions of lit erature, science nnd nrt could bo loft open, to the discomfltuie of few nnd tho benefit of all, Ther aro thousands of men nnd women In Washington to whom these jjotcrlc mysteries, The employes of tho Government nrc kept at their tasks from U o'clock in tho morning until -i in the nftcrnoou six days In the week. Tho Institutions described nro opened nnd closed nt the snmo hours. Hence tho Department clerks nnd em ployes have l nro nnd scant opportuni ties to enjoy nnd profit by tho stores with which tho Nntlonnl Capital is ciowdcd. Tho employes of privato firms and corpornttons work longer hours than those who toll Tor Uncle Sam, and, consequently, bnvcyot, less opportunity to visit these places, Tho Congress men nnd tho heads of bureaux nnd Dc pnitmcntf", employers generally, and the rich ami tho idle, can choose tho time most convenient to thcmsclvo to mnko their visits. Hut to the Indus trious poor, men nnd women, auch n time never comes. It is for them Tiik Ciiitic plends. THE LASH IS POLITICS. Whatever the Illinois factions may say or do. Senator Fnrwcll Is to bo re spected for having stood by his old friend. Ifnny Republican in Illinois deserved IhoMnrsHtilship it was Colonel Apios C. Uabcock. Nor was It his nsso elation with Senator Farwell nnd Colonel Taylor In the Toxns State House deal thnt swnyed tho Administration in the matter. A deeper policy of revenge, which is going to keep on striking at the Washington influence of Senator Fnrwell, though ever so subtly, was at the bottom of Coloucl Bnbcock's de feat. The defection of '84 is not for gotten. Conferences and promises can never heal the wound It indicted. The justice of tho fight can never plead for it in the seciet heart of tho van quished. If there is ono man in Illinois who should back Colonel Rnbcock and thou resent his rejection ns a party and a per sonnl affront, that man is Senator Farwell. The two have been intimate in busi ness nnd politics the major part of their lives. Colonel liabcock begnu urging Mr. Farwell towairi tho seat he now occupies in the Capitol as early as the Davis campaign, lloth his time and re sources, since the days of Lincoln, have been given freely to Insure Republican dominance in the State. Ho was chair mnn of tho Central Committee in doubtful campaigns, which his llbur' nlity and energy nlouc made successful. He was never nn office-holder, nor an office-seeker. It was well-known that during the periods of his pirty influ ence he would not accept so much as u coiporation favor or a railroad pass. His defeat is a lesson of the party lash; Ills punishment an object study in po litical slavery. Had he submitted to the betiaynl of a ccttniu member of the Gai field household and fallen humbly into line in tho State Conven tion pi' '8f, he would bo in tho crumb ling Federal building of Clark street to-day, if he desired. For tho sake of independent politics, it is too bad that Colonel Dabcock has not tho fire of twenty years nso. However, he con ccals nunc lightning than any sunll sized human dynamo in tho West. Nor is Senator Farwell "a mere con sphator of opera bouffe. XAMIXG 'THE CRITIC." (icntle reader, Old ou ever name a news paper? 1'iobablyyou never did, else you would not he a gentle reader. Naming a newspaper Is a task that ean knock more solid chunks of gentleness out of a man's system In a day than he cau accumulate la a whole armful of years. It Is bothersome enough to name a baby, when grau'mas and grau'pas, nuntraud uncles, open friends aud secret jSKft come trooping In, each with in arvfieut agalutt tho name youhavo lastbcUfcd upon; but namlug a baby is like basking In summer sunshine, while naming a newspaper Is like being caught out on the prairie late at night by a Dakota blizzard. The new publishers of The Ciiitic have come out of the desperate struggle of nam ing this paper, but they have come out with tattered souls and lacerated Inner consciousnesses. If they could lay their psyeholoclc parts beforo you, sweet reader, you would think you were looking upon a map of a desolate Island, which "had been traiuactlng business with an enthusiastic c clone. First, the publishers agreed that they did not like the nauio Capital for tho evening edition, and, In their lanocency, supposed that, having planked up their money for the Institution, they were going to bo able to name It to pleiBe themselves, Thai's where tho publishers aforesaid had lunocency to spare. The wealthy and urlstotratle printer came in and swooped down upon the poor but proud publishers, saying that tho Typographical Union In tended to have something to say about that matter, and that what It hail to 6ay was to the effect that If the name of tfce evening editions as changed the name of tliu.S'im ihvj Capital would also have to be slm llarly changed or the publishers would be cut In two aud served up as distinct par ties of the second part. This ground the irbn Into the poor publishers' souls, but they realized that onco the printers were poor themselves nnd that these greody publishers had grouud them down, so they the present publishers said In their hearts that this Is the natuial result of all greed; that poor men ground down un reasonably will at last rlso and take even more than Justlco for themselves. So the publishers smiled In a sleuly sort of way and accepted as meekly and humbly as posslblo the sltuutlon prepared for them by the grasping publishers who used to grind tho poor printer. Very well, they said, we will call the papers the "Evening News" and ilia "Snu day .Morning News." "Nawyou won't," shouted the newsboys; "wo ain't gwlne ter learn no noo names tcr holler." .Si) the publishers gavo the newsboys a chance to name tho paper, and thoy did It, It Is Tin: Cjtinc. It may not bo as good a paper as tho ol Critic or It may ,bo' better, 'that remuius for lho gref big world to do tcrmfue. Ily the way, the publishers desire to add that if the great big world doesn't like the name of Tiik Ciiitic, soma chap si III prob ably eome aloug ami buy it up and change It again. Hut a fow more changes ot name now and then wou't surprise this paper. It Is used to tllem. A l'GNNsri.v wiui i.s died the other day while pulling on his boots. We trust he was a good mau and that ho went upward, 80 many rcuusylvanla men, In politics and out have been trjlng to lift themselves by their bootstraps, it would be encouraging to know thnt unc of them had at last am ended. Tiik Fhkmh asp Knolisii peoplo aro in a stato of expectancy over the prospect that Talleyrand's memoirs are at last to be publlthed, It is believed they contain J (omc starlllug exposures of Stato aiercis, since Talleyrand, liibc'iucftthlng thorn.' pro vided that they should not be published for nl least thirty years after his death, and that then his executors should; exer cise their judgment ns to nhcthcr they ihould be published or held for a longer time. Mns. I'oiia Mumus Is being tried nt Wcnl noith Court-House, N. C, on n clurgc nt having chloroformed her hnsiiaml. Wo did not know the late Mr. Morris personally, but wo have seen soma of the pictures of him published by the papers down that way, and o belleva ire could say on oath that If he looked like these it was a mcruy to chloroform him and put him out of pain, l'vEimionr ought lo bo glad to learn that the thread combination has received a black eye. It has been ono of tho meiuijst Institutions in this country, and Its efforts utkeeplug up prices lmvo been made malulv against poor 6owlng women, who, at host, haio a hartl enough time to live, and to whom every penny seems as big us a two mile race course, Wb snuK of a dull fellow as ono who probably never will set a river nflro. Uut n stupid English sailor did sot tho Weir IllTcr afire the other day, A cargo of oil had been spilled on the water and ha throw a lighted match overboard. Tho conflagra tion burned many ships and valuablo prop erty along tho shores. Chicago Is Immensely pleased over tho fact that the tailors held their convontlou there. Perhaps thc,taIlors were duly con siderate In their choice, but up to the last reports no c lilcnce had been presented to tho World's Fair Committee tending to prove that Chicago had anything to dress but hogs. M11. llr.ECKiKUiDGB must feel that he has gone a long way from home to promote the spiritual welfare ot humanity. Yet on second thought there has been no evidence tending to show that Kentucky moon shiners do not observe tho Sabbath with closed doors. Since Senatok I.noalls declined to give up any of his sccrot thoughts,about cortaln statesmen last Friday, a question has arisen among local scientists as to the probably, beneficial Influence of Influenza bacilli on Intellectual biliousness. A wniTEit roit the nineteenth Century says the Shah of Persia is quick to notu an amusing Incident and laughs heartlly thercat. What fun his majesty v ould have had iilth IladJI Ilasseln Ghooiy Khan over here! Miss Nci.i.ie Blt says: "Never having failed, I could not picture what failure Meant." Jt Is pleasing to note that Nellie, In her extensive travels abroad, did not lose any ot her charming American mod esty. WiUTEVKH.MAVHB6.itd by Senator In galls' critics, they must admit that In his effort of Friday he behaved like a gentle man toward the hoaoiablo other side. Se 1 atorlal amenities are inflating this so'shu. Now Til it Patli has denied that she ever 6aldtbe Mexicans weie savages, perhun the .Mexican editors will cease to act HKo savages toward her. ODDS AND ENDS OF FAOT. A London curiosity is a full-grown deer only a foot In length. It Is of a specie! Known as Stanley's Chcerotalu. An old oaken tnblo which used to stand In Shakespeare's house has just bceu found aud added to the museum at the immortal WJlltom'6 birthplace. Haworth Church, where tho Uronto sis ters Ho buried, has been so much "Im proved" that, as I,. B. Walford writes, "nearly every vestige or Interest or ro mance has been Improved off tho face of it." About all that Is left Is a window bearing the inscription: "In pleasant mem ory of Charlotte Bronte," put up by who? "au American," ltsais. The Vatican has the most artUtlc corps of penmen in the world. It Is composed of priests and mouks, who spend most of their leisure In practicing fancy tracings nnd new forms of letters. Noeiasure Is ever permitted on a page Issued by tho Pope. If an error Is made, even In'thc placing of a comma, tho whole must bo rewritten. There Is a man In New York who makes a comfortablo living by going about with a uhlek broom and baer, gathering up oats that hoi 6cs scatter about their noon-eatlug places in the streets. Jl, Fournier, a well-known leader of the claque III Paris, Is dead, Ho left an estate worth $200,000, which, he earned by direct ing the applause at several theaters. Hu and a few other claijuert had a monopjly of the business for ears. The leader of tho ctaiiiedocs not do the -work himself; he hands It oTer to a head clerk. He treats directly with tho directors of tho theatre, who give htm the appointment of leader of the claque t or a sum generally amounting to about $000 a year. In return the the atrical manager gives him $4,000 worth of tickets a year with a reduction of fifty per cent, on the price at tho ticket ofllce. Ho also buys from the authors the tickets to which they are entitled. A DEAR OI. J) STORY. It is characteristic ot some good-natured men always to agree with those with whom they converse It Is wth them a point of politeness never to differ, which sort of politeness Is cer tniuly a very aniUble kind ot tact. We have a capital Instance of "the value of this policy lu the sensible speech tho man who, during one of tho lleltatt riots, was asked by a mob what his religion was. He didn't know whether his Interro gator were Protestants or Catholics, but he looked at their weapons, their bludgeons aud their rlreanns, suncyed all carefully, and answered! "Gentlnocu, I am of the same opinion as that geutleman there Mltu the big axe," Cfrmltr' Journal, (H'EER CUSTOMS IX CHICAGO. AVo called attention yesterday to the Chi cago custom of wearing a sacho containing myrrh, carbolic acid and cologne. From the Inter-Occan wo hear of another Inter esting Chicago practice, to wit, pultlug half a teaspoonful of sulphur iu each stock ing every morning, There Is a trumpct-llKe notf, In tho Inter-Ocean's brief command: "Put Sulphur lu Your SocUsI" Chicago is evidently ,'ctting ready to put herself In quarantine. Xctv York Sun. WUY 1W IS A SEXATOR.RLVCT. "I operate told and silver mines lu Mon tana, .'d.iho, I'tah and Arizona. 1 opciato copper mines lu Montana and lead in I u in lu Arizona. I own a gold mill aud a silver mill at Butte. I run a bank at lititto ami own a newspapv" tn the sauio city." Inter tiew With Mi: ClarioJ JfcmfaiKi. .1 HIT or TACT. I pen the conclusion of aiuarrlago in a village church the bridegroom signed his register with his x mark. The pretty young bride did the same; and then, turning to a youug Jady who bad known her as tho best scholar in the school, whispered to her, v hile love and admiration shone iu her eyes. Ha Is njdear fellow, miss, but ho i-aunut write. Helsgolug to learn from me, and I nould $"E shame him for the world. To o able to say the right thing at tho right oment Is a great art, and only to be acquired by those who have a u&tural talent that way, Whcq a careless talker, Mho was criticising a jonng lady's father tocrely, paused a moment to say, "I hopo he Is no relation of yours, Miss 11,," qufok ns thought sho replied, with the utmostnon chnlancc: "Only n connection of mother's by marriage." Chamber? Journal. SBNSATIONAL LITERATURE. A writer In tho rortntghtly Revltio makes the following defense of tho cheap sensa tional literature which Is read In England. IIesa)si No doubt sensational novels nro, ns a rule, very poor stun", especially those, which ate known In tho publishing trado as "shilling shockers," But however crudo In style and loose In grammar they may bo, they nro generally quite harmless, nmfthoy meet the needs of a largo number of peoplo for whom It is unquestionably better to rend exciting stories thin to do what they would bo doing It they were not reading. I fiud that no tower than 310.000 copies ot "The M J story of a Hansom Cab" havo been sold in this country In the courso of the last eighteen months, and 147,000 copies of "Madamo Midas," another book ot tho same class and by the sams author, In a twehemontb; aud tho company which publishes them has, in the courso ot oua year and a quarter, sold nearly 099,000 of these nnd other similar books. Scarcely less remarkable aro the statistics made public not long since nt. Bristol, from w hlch It appears that eomo 330,000 copies of "Called Hack" have been Sjld and that np ward'of n million shilling volumes of tho kind havo been Issued during the last four or live years. When, wo reflect that tho pop ulation of tho United Kingdom Is not much more than 3J,000,O0O, tbo proportion ot readers represented by tho figures I have etveu Is suulsiently astonishing, And, there fore, because It Interests tho people, who, for reasons already discussed, have no tasto for choicer fare, ami because It has at least somo claim to our gratitude lu 60 far as It has displaced low-class periodicals, 1 am disposed, bo long as I am not required to read It, to support tho "shilling shocker," which Is certainly to bo preferred to tho "penny dreadful," A FEW INSIDE FACTS Tom Ochlltreo eajs very few of tho smart things that nro credited to him. Most ot them are laid to him by bright newspaper writers who conceive them. Tom sincerely objects to being called a liar In print. Ho says that If anybody should call htm ono to his face he would knock him down. Above all things else ho resents being classed with Kit Pcrklus ami that ilk. Colonel Donan hosc first mine Is not Pat, but Peter has nn ofllce with Uncle Kufus Hatch in Now York. He says Uncle Ruftislsas young in spirit and almost as nimble In action ns ever. Two weeks ngo Colonel Peter was invited to ono of tho swellest receptions ever given in Baltimore. Ills invitation bore the words: "The only man Invited." Phoclon How ard, the ancient correspond ent, writes from lllluols say Ins that General Dick OgleBby certainly has tho Senatoilil bee in his bonnet. Walt Whitman is convinced that tho surest way lo leach very old ago is to "tako things easy, rest a good deal and think butllttle." Sevtrnl members of Congress have said that they Mill iustituto suit against the Government for collection of their salarlos, Tilth which Silcott ran away. MAYBE YOU PONT KNOW lhat tho word "idiot" originally meant only a private person, or ono who was not engaged in.publlc business; then It came to bo applied to au outsider, one who was ill informed on and indifferent to State affairs; aud lastly, to the most hopeless of all tho mentally afflicted. That tho word "villain" at first meant simply a villager. That the word "knave" lu Its origin sig nified a youug man, and on the German court cards is merely tho page orknight at tending tho King or Queen. That tho words "pagan" aud "heathen" come fioni words signifying a countryman, because it was In the rural districts that tho worship of tho ancient deities was longest continued. That the word "rivals" once meant neighbors who lived on tho banks of a river. That the word "simpleton" wasorlgliially applied to persons of honest candor straightforward and simple, as opposed to duplicity of character. That Chaucer and Wjcllffe used to write devoutly of "tho silly babe of Bothlchom." That the word "brat," which is now a low word of contempt, was once used In sacred verso "Oh, Abraham's brats: oh, broode of blessed secdel" TWO KIXDS OEM EX. Count d'Ku As for myself, I am ready to return to Ilrazll aud take possession of the throne-In the name of Isabella. Dom Pedro No matter whether as Em peror, President or private citizen, I 'would gjadlj return to die among my people. A HIRE MISUXDERSTAXIUXG. Tommy Toddler Mr. (ictful, won't iou let me take a ride In your wagon? Mr. GetfuIJIy wagon, Tommy? Wuv, 1 don't own a wagon. What made you think I am "Why, pop told inarm you had a nawful big load on yesterday. FAS1IIOX XOTES. The latest thins Jn hats Is a dudo's head on themoinlns aftor he sits up with a iluk fi lend. Cheeks ui of asblonablo, with younji ladles, They are pieferrod when they have papa's slcuatnieon the buy ns. Ladles' Jackets are made of jfieen billiard cloth. The belt woin with these Jackets Is towered with glial p buckles and Is called the 'balk line," Sutilt .Voi'tglulalru im muoh worn iu the morning. Swede washerwomen are consid erably worn In lho oi cuius about 0 o dock. Green last ill the favorite color with Pari Ian dress-makers. Blue Is the color most popular with tho old ccntlemcn vhen tho bills come In. It Is nu longer considered tmhonpulnl (o wear parti colored patcliei im tho knoes of ono'ijli outers Tno patches should bo of red flannel plcVed out i Ith old-gold floss Auioha AMOR VJXCIT OMXIA. "I claim you still, for my own lovo'a sake." 1 i'rrn ) It. Ilnow.siKcf. I sometlnios'hlnV.belovod, had wo not met, You might havo had a fuller life; and yet It Is not given to us, dear, to forget. I cannot put nway from out my Ufa Its one Mistalulng comfort. Ah, tho Btrlfo U haid and bitter, darling, mid the knlfo That wounds in both was forced by my own hand. Before you, dear one, I must over stand, Knowing that only death can break tho band, And )ct,oh. hosl-belovod, far hotter bo 'lhanireo, to pats through llfo nut still to Know That one stood nearer 50.1 Ah, tint ware 11 oe' biu.li pain is spared me. Though vt) dwell apart, Your love has almost healed the bitter smart; lie siami so cioae logemer. noart 1 o neart jfit.itautmy, e v. MJV OF MERIT. Eugene Field is reveling In the traditional llfo of tho London poet nnd philosopher, without the mlsrles which belonged to tho days ot Johnson and Goldsmith. From choice, rather than necessity, bo has settled down In two rooms. P.ilatlalns these might have seemed to past generations of literary strngglcre, they nro Quakerish In com parison with tho Idealistic abodes ot modorn geniuses. They are in Alfred Place, a llttlo by-way of Bedford Bquarc, Just quiet enough to bo a paradise for hand-organs, which Field abhors for the noisos they makobut gives pennies to for their Inten tion to make tho world brighter. It Is to the howling discords of these ambulant operas that he Is composing Ills' ".folio Smith" and other patriotic gems, Though he Went to England with dys pepsia, he has suffered most from home sickness. The former complaint ran a invago course until he quit smoking a box of cigars a day, took to chewing gum au I found himself deprived of his favorite vices Dock Kellly and mince plr. No American cats mlnco plo lu England, because niluco pie doesn't, urow there, and Dock Hollly lives nway olf In Chicago. What the'Lon doner calls mince; pie is underdone plum duff with an upper and lower grease cake for crust. These changes of habit, together with the bracing fogs and the diversions of society, have well-nigh restored Field's health. The nostalgia which troubles hi in Is'oggravatcd bythe absence of bis threo little boys and daughter In Germany, where they aro being educated. From all accounts, tho boys will not, in their career at Hano ver, accentuate by want of subtlety and merry imVblcf-maklng the fame their father made among the guileless professors of the Missouri Valley. Field's chief occupatiou is payiug and avoiding calls. Ills wit and de llgktful 'mimicries are the surprise of tho London drawing-rooms. Nothing else displeases him so much as to bo posed for an entertainer, nnd just as certain as fato he will borcvonged for tho sacrifices ho Is making iu a series of descriptive studies ot English ovcnlng and literary lifo that will make Dickens' "American Notes" wish they had never been born. Not long ago bo was lho lion ot a meet at tho home of Andrew Lang. His patlonce had been 6cvereTy tried for weeks previously by the questions of Intellectual Britishers as to the barbarism of the Wost, and more than once he had becu made to feel that he was a fair representative of that spotof the unlierso vihlch Is producing the missing link. A 1 atlonal chat ho was cnjoylug with Mrs. Humphrey Ward was interrupted by the wife of a distinguished jurist of the Crown. "Ah," said she, "IdlJn'tkuow till this moment, Mr. Field, that you are from from " "Chicago," ho kindly suggested. 'Dear inc, yes, Chicago. And you don't suffer for tho comforts nnd pleasures of civilization away oil there?" "Not at all, 1 assure you. The fact Is, madam, I'm not accustomed to them. It is only ten jcais slnco I lived In a tree." In auJiour or bo, after considoiing tho matter, sho returned and beamingly con fided to him that his last remark was very funny. There is considerable curiosity among the followers, In the telegraph columns ot the daily press, of Mr. Stanley's fortunes, to know something more definite about tho New York Herald correspondent who went out to hlra in the desert with the loaves and fishes and the wlue which that humble traveler never drinks. That he Is a queer fellow may be presumed by those who are familiar with Mr. Bennett's genius for selection; that he is wanting In tho higher faculties of the American nens gathercr was made apparent In tho ex tremely sharp rebuke Mr. Stanley adminis tered In his letter written to tho public only after the explorer concluded that the man who met him in the uamo of a jour nalist didn't know -what he wanted to know. The fact Is that Vlzitelly was an accidental choice. In tho early spring of last year, before tho Herald had published Stanley's letter from tho Inferior, Mr. Bennett, who Is simply magnificent In his humors, made up his mind to have a little fun with tho mau Stevens, whom tho World, In one of Its fits of Punch-and-Judy enterprise, had sent to rescue Stanley and Etniu Pasha and to break up tho slave trade with $5,000 and a bicycle. Mr. Bennett, bo it known, detests Mr. Pulitzer more cordially thau Mr. Pulitzer likes himself. Ho contemplated hurrying an expedition across tho country by way of Khartoum, but, in tho absence of precise information as to Stanley's plans, abandoned the Idea and decided to scout Stevens'-trail instead, until such time as he could see his way clear to carrying out someiproject of relief operated from Zanzi bar. Indifference to danger, great power of endurance, knowledge of the country and Its Inhabitants, were needed for this mlselon more than newsgatherlng- methods or intellectual dash. While Mr. Benuott was costing about for the man his miud's eye had conceived, Vtzltclly was suggested. It Is told In London that VIzitclly was're celved on Mr. Bennett's yacht iu the Medi terranean; that the anchorage was Infested Tilth sharks; that upou arising the very lii st morning at sunrise he deliber ately stripped oft and dived Into the sea, despite the warnings of the. crew, and thnt, upon clambering back npon the deck unharmed, Mr. Bennett exclaimed with great delight: "This is the very man I have been looking for." Heroic as it Is, however, the 'tale is not precisely true. It is ono of many of the kind which have glo rified Vlzltclly-storlea with which Mr. Bennett was doubtlc6s familiar. Vlzitelly- had tho record of the scape grace, tho prodigal, Ihn daredevil, He Is a eon of the London publisher, a brother of the artist war coricspondent of the London Xcus, and has a talented sister. Though be shared the renown ot his family, )io eu joyed few of Its honors. Ho had survived the most desperate) adventures lu Northern and Lastern Africa, without profiting in he way of either fame or fortune. Equipped for the softer side of evening life Iu Loudon by education and attain ments, he prefencd lho boisterous hours of the supper clubs. His tastes were savage; his inclination was to live forever In tho same clothes, Ho was an athlete, a sharp (.hooter, a linguist, and, in times gone by, would havo been t buccaneer. Mr. Boiii nett realized at once that, for tho delicate task of harassing Steiens In tho wilds of Africa, It would bo difficult to fiud a bettor man than Vlzitelly, and 60 lustiucted him to lepoit at Mco us soon as tho train de hue could brjug tlui fiom Loudon, While crossing tho Mcditcirancau In Mr. Ben nett's acht, Vlzitelly usked for an etTcct ivo pocket ncipoii, nnd Mr. Bennett pre sented him one of'a beautifully-mounted pair of plblols. Tho paitlng glveB one a good Ideo of tho man's peculiar fitness for the Job In hand. When the small boat was gut ready to diop VIzitclly on the Afilcnn shore, Mr. Bennett ordered the steward to fetch tho jouug man's baggage. "Baggage," echoed he, "Why, I have no-Ob, jes, I'd nearly forgotten! My gun, sti'ivtttd; jou will fiud It In the beith.' Tims his entire accou trement for tho trip was au ivory-handlcdlt!l!er-iuoiiutcd six-shooter. Short!) nfteniaid, Stuvuis was remit! cd helpless by fever, leaving Vlzitelly at Zanzibar with out art occupation, Two or thrtt tlmcB Mr, Bennett came within an ace ot dttiillug some ono else for tho Stanley meeting, but luck fnvorcd Vlzitelly from first to Inst. Nftr did It desert him whllo tho Journalists of tho two continents were smiling over Stanley's tnrcatm, for Mr. Bounett gavo him a $10,000 present. Mr. Gruud, tho Berlin correspondent of the Herald, for In terviewing Herbert Bismarck ou a copy ot tho Stanley cablo, which Mr. Bennett wlrod to the German Government before publish ing It, received $1 ,000. It Is by these princely acts by never falling to show Instant and material appreciation for tho earnest work of his lieutenants that Mr. Bennett is made to suffer raoro from Ingratltudo thau any man of hit day, Few among tboso In Journalism who have enjoyed his confidence and rewards and the men he has made or j helped arc legion enn admire his frank ness or forglvo bis generosity. When Mr. Bennett has passed away, and all the evi dence le tn, people will marvel at his great ness, sb well as hla goodness. t John Itussell Young Is expcctsil to re turn from Parts one of these flno days. Although ha has been annoyed of Into with rheumatism bis health Is generally goo 1. After resigning- his post ou tho London llnald bo spent a brief season at Carlsbad, and then assumed editorial charge of the Tarls Herald. It Ib a violation of no con fidence to Say that he ia growing tired of travel, and will soon settle down, probably in New "York, to begin the serious work for which he Is to splendidly equipped. What with his knowledge of men, governments, countries, history, politics, society and morals, any subject he might enter upon would be sure to take from his philosophic pen n guarantee of lifo. If ho had less consid eration for the sensibilities of the living and that mock respect the moderns aro paying the iniquitous dead, he would bo the Taci tus for whose appearance on the scene of public affairs Senator Hoar so vainly sighs. ! t Colonel Henry Altman, Just returned' fiom Laredo, Texas, tells that ex-Governor Hunt of Colorado has rccovcted his lauds down there This is gratifying news. Both Altman and Hunt are two examples of the perverse meanness of tho Fates. Yet to sec them in the autumn of their age, after life had proved a denial of their desserts', smiling with hope, confidence and good will over a mug of ale In the Morton House, ono would think them the luckiest of men. Intelligent, vigorous, full ot pluck and tenacity, both became pioneers In Colorado and carved all over the mountains aud plains of that Stato tho helroglyphlcs of linn-enterprises. Colonel Altman helped toshapo the legis lation of Colorado; to lay out some of Its present cities; to cut roads Into Inac cessible parts; to find and devolop mines and to ndvcrtlso to the world the resources he saw on everv hand. A man of marvelous activity, exquisitely nervous, yet powerful, his health resisted every trial of endurnnco and exposure only to bequeath littlo more than tho momorles of his pist efforts to his declining years. Without Governor Hunt, General Palmer and tho Itlo Grande would have been Im possible. It was Hunt who coucelvod tho pioject of taking narrow-gauge tracks across the seemingly unuridgcablo chasms aud snow-covcrcd pnascsof tho Ilocklcj. It was ho who executed thu woik and who gavo to tho State in n few j cars a system of railroads that will remain thu marvel ot n generation. It was Hunt who dcvclopc 1 the substantial resources, the coal and iron deposits. He was the modest force In tho backgiound which urged Stato legislation ou one hand and stock promoters ou the other, to contribute, whilo inspired by Tarying motives, to the prosperity bo fore saw, to lho prosperity tho State Is now en Mlngt Clvlng him uevorn thuiighr, while ho le an exile In Texas flghtlnjr for tho last of his owu. It was Governor Hunt, by tho way, n ho years ago proposed the oceanic mall subsidy scheme for the development of commercial and naval strength nblch the Republican party is now agitating. Colonel Altman Is interested with Colo nel Hunt in the Laredo property. Those who chould know Its extent and richness say It will mako thorn wealthy, Another stroke of fortune would not chango their simple, gonial ways, however. About twice or thrlco every year, If you could know the timo and look into one of tho remote spots of the Morton, you 11 ould still soo two dis tinguished looking, brlght-visagcd men, gray but lively, building caBtles In Spain over mugs of ale. If you could win from them tho tales of their lives you would re allzo tho vanity of romance. PROVIXG THE RIGHTS OF 31.1 X. He had carried my satchel down to the depot from thohotel at Birmingham, Ala., and, still carrying it In his hand, ho strolled about and got in the way of a baggage truck being pushed by another colored man. The Utter came to a stop and Indig nantly demanded: "Yo' pusson, dar what jo' dolu'?" "Who's a pusson, sab?" 'Yo' Is!" "Be a lcetle kecrful, sah! 1 hain't dun used to belu' 'dressed in dat sort o' way!" "Shoo! Do yo' know who I is?" "An' do yo' know who I is?" "I represents do baggage department ot dls yere railroad, sab!" "Jin! An' I represents de public what Is rleu 'miff to hev any batrgajro to .travel Mid, sah! Boy, doan' yo' go an' make any mistake! If ja' do dar'Il bo a mighty skcerclty ol baggage -In yo' baggage de partment." .Vrw York Sun. A GYPSY WEMHXti. Tho ceremony Is as solemn as could be dcslied. Tho parents or both brldo and bridegroom bring thejoung peoplo before the chief, who addresses them in bombastic phrases ot traditional wording, reminding ihem of the duties of married llfo; where upon au earthen vessel Is smashed to pieces, and a great libation, lu which brandy Is the principal beverage, finishes the festival. After this ceremony tho young people, of whom tho bridegroom Is eoldom older than 15 and the bride 12, aro considered duly married. lAindon Standard. XIAVSPAPER AVVERTISIXU PA YS. "Nobody has tried moro different kinds of advertising than wo have," said Mr. Chambers of the firm ot Itogeis, Peett Co. a few da s ago, "or tried the different kinds moie thoroughly, but wo liavo settled ddwnuow to regular newspaper advertis ing, 11ml believe that, for a permanent busi ness, that alone pays." Xew York Sun. Ilulior'a Orateat l'oem. (Written for General I'hll. Koarnt-y.J Close his e)es; his work is done! Wht to him is friend or foeman, lllso of moon or set of sun, Hand of man or kiss of woman V Lay htm low, lay him low, In tho clover or the snow I What caics be? He cannot knorr Lay him low. Ab mau may, be fought his flgl.t, Proved his truth by his endeavor; Let him sleep 111 solemn night, Sleep forever nod forcier. Lay lilm low, lay him law, In tho clover or tho snow-! What cares ho ? He cannot know; Lay hi 111 low. Fold him In his country's stars, ItolltliL .'rum and Ore thoiolley ' What to Mi. 1 aie all our wars U hut but death beuuocklng folly? I.nj hlpilow, layhfui low, In He clover or the enow ' W'kntcurcBber H cannot know; Lay hlra low. rim GROWLER. I mil 11 cood deal rushed -growlers are opt to be, jou know but I will take tlum lo say tlintl ninglndlllvc In this world. If I had been born Into a world that was jutt right well, I might better never hiv been born nt nil. For I should bo perfectly mlscrablo 11 thcro were nothing to growl at. Folks say Finn mean old bkeczlx (Is that thu way you spell It?), nnd thnt 1 am never happy. That's all folks know about It. I am always happy, except when everything ib going nil light; and that isn't very often j r a J I Hko it formers those professional re foimciBwho go about poking their noser into other pcoplo's nffairs nnd snooping out the weaknesses or their fellowi. Thesorel formers aro meat for mo. They rake upall torts of things for me to growl at, and theu when they are not doing tbnt they aro dnfl lug eomcthlnc that warrants me In growlltiil allium, uuiy yesterday one of them il reformer or national Importance, whosd name Is no, I won't name him -I I would name him and pitch! into him like sixty It he weren't! so Impoitant and so rich nnd all thnt If hi wcro only a poor, obscure fellow who couldn't kick back, a chap who had been oppressed by mlsrortnno and crushed down to despair, I would hop upon him with both feet, perhaps with all fours but, ns I was saying, ouly yesterday this reformer was walking down the Avenue carrying hid big ennounaer hla arm and Jabbing it Into me rncc 01 everybody who got In the war- mnklng a public catastrophe ot himself aJ he wont rushing along, looking Mr some tlilngto reform. T IS 1 like thesa hand-organs that our visiting brethren drag around on wheels. They make mo so delightfully miserable. I w growling about them tho other day to a friend no, an acquaintance; I havo no friends and bcsaldl didn't know good music when I heard it. That's It, that's exactly It. I don't Unow good mnslc when 1 hear II; I know It only when I don't hear It. What's the use ot knowing good music when j ou hear it? You might as well know good health or good weather when you have It. Why, bless me, when I nm per fectly well I never think of my health, and when the weather Is exactly right r don't know It; don't pay any attention to It. That Is why I say I am glad to live lu this world, where there Ib bo much to complain auoui anu grunt over. I am in no hurry toj rcacn nirvana, mat piaco where evcrythluJ is exactly as It should bo and everj body Is J a stato of unconsciousness ot It. I want to be about among folks who are nllve nnd Mck- iig, and I want to do my share of the living and kicking. s Thnt brings mo to what I am driving at. I don't want to be greedy about this matter. I don't care to do all thegrowllng, I wish everybody who I miserable about anything would give me a lift. I should be happy to hear from all sorts of leaders of the Ciiitic (don't you think that Is a better name than the "Capital?'' If jou don't why, you can kick about that If yon like) from everybody who has a reason for find ing fault Tilth thlugs ns they nre. I should be glad to recede two or three hun dred Mchntory letters every day in the week, and If I do ranjbc" I'll print 'cm. Don't liro y ourselves out at It. Tint Is to say, don't attempt to kick everything over nt ono prolonged crack. Just give a quick, Miarp kick nnd have It over with, so that the rest of ns can have a chance, und wemay make lite north living nil round. At any rate, we growlers ought to staid, by each other. DEPARTMENT GRIEVANCE5 .ill reasonable complaint) and criticisms fio'it Gocerumtnt tinjiloi11 Kittle iulllthl Id thin column. Xamtani adding of frlf'r aie requited, not for publication, tmtnnm cat nat of good faith. now Anour Tiirss tinctiLAns? Editor Critic: Have you ever seen or tskonnny particular notice ot those hybrll clroulars which overy or any clerk In the Treasury Department is compelled to t, wear to before a notary public -In case heornhe has been absent on account of illness? Be fore drawing salary on the following pay dnyJ ne or sue is compelled to Bwoar "thatsaldi absence was ncrt on account of the use of in I toxlcntlng llqnoisor other improper con I dnet." This is a relic of the Immortal You4 mans! Bhados of the godst ! I That aur American young lady should ba absolutely compelled to undergo Buch a humiliation uut Bach Is the fact. Now, why cannot tha Treasury Departments place as much honor and dependence on IM clerks as any of the other Departments! where auoh circulars aro unknown? Ifa-1 not tho Treasury Department got very safe I guard Imaginable to prevent such excesses)! or Is the standard of morality so low there1 that they aie compelled to resort to this un American system? Tbo beads of the various bnreaux in that Department can remain absent C&tdavsln thoyear, and yet can draw their full salaries Intact without being requhed even to furnish a physician's certificate. Now, In Govern ment Bervlco why should tho line be drawn between the chief ot division and the derai ls It because the ohlefgets all the pay 1111 1 th clerk does all the Work? Warhlngton, January 23. E.l G. Jill, WANAMAKin tSTEIIt'EIUKU. Editor Cilllc; There Is a xiimtar anil not unwarranted opinion anion.: the elcrks-ln the Sixth Auditor's oftlce lint, Sir. Wlndoro, what with liN natural adminis trative ability and past experience, Is qulto able to tnasago tho affairs of his Department. In a slutesmanllLo manner, without any suggestion fiom Potmastcr-Geueral Wana maker. Tho dry-goods and-general-Yankee-notlon plan my nilt the PostoSIce , but it Is a little officious, to Bay the loast, In tho Post master liencral to attempt to encroach on tho domaln'of 1 ho Secretary of the Treasury. There nro abundant manifest reasons for the behind-hand condition of work in the Mxth Auditor Ofllce without saddling It upon a few sick women, or oven upou the "shilling" of a small number of lazy or dls honest clerk j. Tho pi-osent Administration found tho work iu a terribly disordered ami crowded condition. Democratic economy failed to provide requisite additional clerks. There has been but a small addition to the force In four yeais, while thopostofliccs liuve been ln reased by tens of thousands. It Ik probablo that the untlie time lostby dole leaics In the office would not amount totlio time of two clerks, while forty clerks wonld not be too much to bring-up the work to Its proper condition. It ha mean and paril monlous reonomy that would pnnMi the weak nnd Infirm for the maladministration ot legislates and officials, I'liiik Washington, January SI. A UOIIKMOl'g El TNT Editor Ciltlc: Ono of the amusing phages of Department llfo to thoio who are familiar with the subject is the fuss made over the 01 polntuicnt of an assistant secretary, uhlot of bureau or other prominent official. To read tbo published announcements concern lug tho appointments on Mich occasions ono would fcupporo that a momentous event hail Iransphed. As a matter of fact, tho bulnei ot the Department or bureau Mould lu most cases goon JiiBtaK well without tho promee of lho great men who sign papers without reading them, and who. In many Instances, would nut comprehend their meaning oven If they did read them. This thing U woll enough understood among tho old political bosses who "billet" their filonds In those places. There Is no uanger to tho public InteiviU from this pructlco, ns no Important publlo measure was over known to o-iglnatc with tho hcada of buieaux, wliloh ohango fre quently. It must not be supposed. liwerer, that thoie officials do nuthlng HaittiVthom delight In tho preparation of rules for the government of their olerks nnd thulnangura tlon of a Bjstem of rigid discipline or mo Ecngeri and laborers, A Btenoll plate or rnbbr stamp would answer as well as the average onicr oixnivrit. Washington, January S, L-: