Newspaper Page Text
The Washington C
22D YEAH NO. (3,720.
WASHINGTON, D. C, WEDNESDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 19, 1890.
PRICE TWO CENTS.
NEWS OP THE WORLD IH BRIEF.
Henry Johnson was on trial to-dny Tor
tho killing of Knock Turner,
All (tio Episcopal mill Catholla churches
celebrated tho opening of Lent to-day.
Judgo Miller dismissed tho caso against
Admiral Porter's son and ho was roloasod,
Tho congregation of St. JohnM Church,
object to n chango In al.cntou hcrvlco made
by their now rector.
Tho deferred pajtnenta duo contractors
fiom tho District (iovernmnnt will prob
ibly ho mado next Monday,
Tho District Commissioners and Auditor
l'elty Rnvo the-Houeo Committee, on Appro
priations their vlows upon tho Qoncral
Major Peyton Itandolph, general man
ager of tho Flcdmont Air Line, who has
1 ccn lying seriously 111 for tho past two
wcekant his rceldcnco In this city, Is now
I'ulcnts havo been Issued to local In
ventors n8 follows! John A. Bailey, oar
lock; Frances M. Harbor, fruit stand; It,
Or tli, explosive compound: Kathau II.
Clark, steam holler; Robert 8. Crawford,
blcyclo bearing; Ocorgo II. Darin, printing
from stencils; George C. Hcnning', tele
scopic packing case; John McCormfc, um
II. C. Kcnah has been appointed post
master at Mount Savage, Md., and J. U.
Updllto at Buffalo Forgo, Va.
Chief Inspector Rathbono of tho Post
olllco Department Is In Now Orleans as a
witness in u postal caso. Ills assistant,
Mr. Maynard, Is acting chief.
Tho President to-day granted pardons to
Angus Brobham and Beauregard Hrobham
of Charleston, S. C, convicted of selling
liquor without a United States license.
Congressman Washington will odor a
rteolutlon In tho House providing for a low
of higher taxes upon tho property and
franchises of Btrcot railways of this city.
Tho Scnato passed tho bill votoed by
President Cleveland, which allows tho
claim of Dr. McBlalrof this city against
tho Government of about $20,000, and re
stores him to the Army.
Democratic mayors wcro elected at Allen
town and Lebanon, Pa.
Dcmpsoy knocked out McCarthy at 8an
Francisco In twenty-eight bloody round?.
Friends of tho Cronln murdorers aro ask
ing contributions of money to get a now
Tho president of Cornell University's
freshman class was kidnaped by the sopho
mores. Johnstown, Pa., has taken In eight adja
cent boroughs and elected V. Horace Rose
Ellison Mounts, a member of the Ilatflold
gang of outlaws In Kentucky, was hanged
Tho stcamor City of Kingston, supposed
to havo been lost, has arrived safety at
Colonel Henry C. Do Alma, soldier and
Government officer, Is In destttuto circum
stances at Denver.
Jako Staples, a negro, Is in danger of
lynching at Knoxvllle, Tenn., for assault
ing a f aimer's wife.
It is rumored tho Russian Government
lias leased Its Ilehring Sea seal fisheries to
the Alaska Commercial Company.
R. K. Emtth, representing tho Corbln
Banking Company of New York at Elmly,
La., Is said lo bo a defaulter for $10,000.
A Seittlo jury has found Homer C.
Brown to bo sane. Ho has been persecuted
for years by his family and confined In In
The owners of tho schooner Frank Pratt
Lcohao sued tho owners of tho schooner
Edward Harlow for $27,000 damages for
collision in Chesapeake Hay last week.
Tho alibi which A. A. Fosdlck, accused
of assassinating his brother, Dr. .Fosdlck,
at Kalamazoo, Mich., has attempted, to
prove, Is found by tho shorlfli to ho .very
Fourteen Republican and seven Demo
cratic magistrates havo probably been
elected in Philadelphia. Republican voto
about 85,000 against 55,000 to 00,000 Demo
A large delegation of Baltimore business
men participated in a public discussion be
fore tho Senate committee last night of
tho Western Maryland Railroad bills pend
ing in the Legislature.
Judtro Zano decided that sis Mormon
councllmen of Salt Lako City wero en
titled to certificates of election. This
vould make tho council stand 9 Gentiles
and 0 Mormons. Tho Gentiles appealed
from tho decision.
Tho bill creating a Boaul of Exclso Com
missioners to regulate tho granting of
liquor licenses has passed tho Virginia
llouso of Delegates by a largo majority. It
is designed to prevent the payment of
licenses in coupons.
Tho King of Italy has sent Mayor Hart
of Boston u communication thanking the
Board or Poltco of Boston and Captalu
Cain and his officers, who ilsked their lives
in icsculng tho Italian people at tho lecent
North-street lire In that city.
Tho victims of tho railway accident ou
tho Grand Trunk Railway 'at St. Georgo,
near Hamilton, Ont., about a year ago
have begun suit for damages against the
railway company, consolidating their suits,
the aggregate amount of which Is $3,003,000.
The G. A. R., Department of Maryland,
began Itsfourtcenth annual encampmeut at
Harris' Academy of Music, Baltimore.
Gcucial Russell A. Alirer, cotntmiulor-In-chief,
was their guest, and at night was
tendered a banquet at the Carrollton. A
number of guests from Washington, wero
Tho English Government will not support
an clght-houi measure.
The rumor that Bismarck will lcslgn
Joseph Gtllis Bigcar, M. P., died to-day.
Ho was u noted obstructionist in Parlia
ment. Tho French euglueers who havo been
examining the Panama Canal aro returning
from their labors.
Foveral largo Ironclads and cruisers will
bo constructed by the Russfau Government
iluiltig tho summer.
Tho soldiers wero called out to restore
order at a fight which occurred at Socialist
election In Muhllmuscn, Saxony.
Piesldcut Kruger of tho Transvaal has
conferrul upon Prlnco Henrv of Prussia
tho Grand Cross of the LIou of the Nether
lands. l'roslilent llarilsun Departs.
Tho President left hero to-day at 1!J
o'clock, over tho Pennsylvania Railroad,
for Allegheny City, Pa., to attend tho open
ing of tho freo library donated to tlut city
by Mr. Andrew Carnegie. .Representatives
llnln and Dalzcll, Professor Luugley of tho
Smithsonian Iustltuto and Mr. Enoch Pratt
of Balllmoio wero In tho paity.
A I ihuoii's Salo of scats for next weok's
engagement, Stuart Hobson, in "An Arrant
Knae," opeus at this house to-morrow
Lincoln Mumc Hall John Stetson's
company In 'The Gondoliers" open at this
houso on Monday, and tho sale of tickets
begins at Droop's music store In tho morn-Jul-.
Charles L. Davis, tho well-known de
lineator of rural character, will bo at lluv
jls' llljou Theatre next week In his now
play, "One of tho Old Stock."
Utllly unci 'Woods' now big show will bo
tho attraction at Kcruan's next week, em
bracing the leading novelties of the world.
(leriimn In n I'lvu Wcoltb' Con mo,
lluupt's thiid season In Washington
opens to-morrow at Lincoln Musio Hall
Building, 1) ami Ninth. Tho hours will ho
10.H0, 4;20 ami. 8 p in. Dr. Llpplncott,
Plltsburir, l'a, wrote: "Haupt's method
Is most admirably adapted to tho purpose
of acquiring a practical knowledgo of
(leim.ui Any other method mffers yreatly
Inj comiari8nn " A practical uso of tho
(Jejmaii proinUed to speak, read and write
It, Investigation froo to all.
STOP THE TAX THIEVES.
What Prominent Citizens Havo
Say About tho Frauds.
Mil. HEMMINGWATS sharp criticism
Calls tho Assessors to Account
Their Own Statements.
Dlillciiltlffl of the Proliant System More
Clearly Shown by Thono Who tlaro
llcen Famlllnr With It Opinion.
"Within tho past two days The Oiutio
lins shown in Indisputable figures,
gathered from tho official records of the
city, that gross and Illegal inequalities
exist iu tho present mode of assessing
tho taxes of tho District of Columbia.
Only a small part of tho talo has been
told, but enough to demonstrate, boyond
tho shadow of n doubt, that widespread
irregularities exist in tho raising of the
municipal revenue on account of an In
adequate administration of a faulty tat
law. Tho injustice dono tho bulk
of tho tax-payers and tho Illegal dis
criminations practiced against them
havo been established to bo matters of
No glittering generalities have been
indulged in, but each statement has
been Hanked by an array of facts which
mado its stronghold lmprcgnablo to
controverting assaults. Tho presence
of tho existing evils may be in a meas
ure accounted for by tho explanation of
tho system Of administration ofthc tax
Tho assessment of District real estate
and improvements, for the purposo of
establishing a value upon which to levy
a tax, Is mado onco ovcry three years.
Tho last ono was mado last summer.
For tho purpose of assessment, tho Dis
trict of Columbia Is divided Into twelve
assessment districts, and twclvo ap
piaisers aro appointed. The law re
quires the assessment to bo completed
within 150 days. Tho territory of each
assessor Is large. Ono, for Instance,
embraces that part of tho city lying be
tween Fifteenth and Twentieth streets
at d the river front and boundary. It
takes in the wealthiest section of the
clly. The ical valuo of the property in
ihnt one district would probably reach
over $00,000,000. Tho territory com
prices nil sorts of properties sonio that
lmvu lain dormant for years, and others
that have increased with almost in
The Assessor has only 100 days in
which to look over each houo, lot and
improvement iu this Immense territory
and arrive at an idea of its value. IIu
hns no lime in which to study tho
strides in values which certain localities
have made. IIo cannot take the time
to settle a disputed value by referring
to lbu,cltv records to discover what It
was purchased for, or to ascertain any
facts in relation to It. Ho barely has
timu to get over the territory assigned
to him, and gicat eirors necessarily
creep into his reports. Thcv nny be
eirors of judgment on his part,-or tho 4
lesult ot nusinioimaiion or lacic ot in
formation upon tho subiect matter.
The disastious hasto of tho Assessor
can be often tiaccd by a glance at the
assessment book, showing all sides of a
square with every lot assessed at the
same price save the two corner o"hcs.
rennidless of the difference in value of
individual lots. The assessors nic men
hired at a compensation of $3 per day.
In not cvciy caso are they men who aro
iutimatcly acquainted with tho city's
growth and the rapid iucrcaso In values.
Their compensation,, term of service
and the wholo sunoundlngs of their
positions mo too tcmporaiy to give tho
public confidence in their work,
When the twclvo assessors have com
pleted their valuations of tho propeity
and enteied them in tho books, they
then lesolvo themselves into a Hoard of
Appeals, to hear tho arguments of citi
zens who claim an unequal assessment
upon their piopcrty.
It is a most peculiar spectacle.
Twelve 'men sitting ns a higher court
to bo judges of their own actions.
CritlcUm of the Assessors.
Sir. O. II. Hemingway has been in
terested In tho question of local assess
ment and taxation for several years,
and. when applied to by Tun Ciutig
tor his vlows on tho situation, lcplled
substantially as follows:
This Is on old story with me. For
years I havo been trying toattractpublic
attention to this matter, which is the
greatest evil wo suffer to day In this
District. If tho nconle could bo brought
to realio how far-ieachlng tho evil Is,
how disastious Its effects ate, and that
ench lesident of the District, whether a
land-owner or not, is a sufferer, it
would not take long to coirect It. TUo
couiso of Tnu Chitio is highly com
mendnblc, and if it keeps on until it
tenches tho people what tho facts aro It
will lender a public service that will
Tho interviews published yosterday
with tho latosub assessors tell a story of
ignoianco, stupidity, dishonesty and
sycophancy that accounts for it
an. jur. uoiuen aunuts mat
"Iho wealthy taxpayers bulldo.ed
the tax asscssois into nu under
estimate value of thelrjpropeitles," and
that "an unjust discrimination Is made
against tho poor peoplo In favor of the
rich." Tlio assessors, ho says, "could not
stand tho pressuio brought to bear
on them." So they lacked tho man
hood to eufoico tho law they wcru
swoin to uphold. Hut It Is refreshing to
know that tho bouid contained ono man
as honest and Intelligent as Sir. Golden
appeals to be.
lint tho most surpilslng thing of all
is the fact that there appeared to bo a
disparity of opinion as to what their
duties wcro ou tho most Important point
in connection thciowith. Sir. Shoo
maker says thut "tho law says wo
should assess tho actual value,"
and then asks whother It would
bo "fair" to so assess. Tho
law clearly states that all property shall
bo assessed at Its "tiuu valuo," ami
makes any other assessment a misde
meanor. And yet, Mr. Nash siys thoio
Is "no uniform basis of valuation," and
that "(hciu should bu some definite
niloof assessment," whiloMr. Carpenter
says that "the law Is vaguo," ami that,
"If it only said conllno yourself to a
two-thiuls or thice-fourths valuation,
wo would know what to do," Hut ho
does not know what to do, when It ro
quires assessors to confine themselves to
n tin co thirds or four-fourths valuation,
and prescribes a penally for not doing so.
Mr. Nash confesses to a deliberate
violation of law when ho says: "I aimed
to place tho values at ono half of what
iho properly would bring at a fair
piivato sale. Had ho assessed at two-
halves of what property would bring
at a fair private sale ho would
not havo committed n criminal
act. Mr. Kalbfus ays, "It Is a mis
tako to suppose that we assessed tho
property nt its cntlro value." "Truo
valuo" surely includes "cntlro" valuo.
Then ho gives us tlio surprising In
formation that "what property sells
for is not its truo valuo." Again,
ho says; "It is tho height of absurdity to
say that District property should bo as
sessed at Its full valuo." Hut tho law
requires that it should bo, and whether
absurd or not is a question with which
an assessor has nothing to do. His
statement that to assess at full valuo
"would drlvo tlio Investors who aro
seeking tho Capital ns a profitable field
elsewhero" Is probably truo as to ten
dency, but perhaps it would
be a good thing for tho people
If less land wcro held idlo
by speculators, who require tho peoplo
lo pay a fanny prlco for It when they
want to uso It. I can't sco how I, an
Inhabitant of the District, am benefited
by being compelled to pay a largo profit
to nn outside speculator who holds
land I want to use. Is not tho
"tendency to drive capitalists (land
speculators) away from tho city" a good
icuuvnuy iui iuu pcuiuu wiiu uvu iiuru.
Mr. Bright states that "on unproductive
land tho rato is lower" nn unlawful
discrimination in favor of tho speculator
and against thosowho build and thus
icolly Improve tho city.
Tho "single tax Idea" men wcro tho
only ones in iho city who appeared to
havo read tho assessment law, and,
far from wanting "no classifica
tion ns between real cstato
and improvements," thuy draw
a sharp distinction between land valuo
and improvements. You have novcr
heard ono of them talk about a
"building" notoriously enhanctng
in value, nor about a house be
ing nioro valuable becauso "It stands
alone in a favored locality, open on all
sides," as Mr. Hackney did. They
realize that the land, instead of tho
building, increases In value, and that a
"favored locality," etc., is land valuo. I
am the "ono of theso fellows," referred
to by Mr. Carpenter, who protested
against the assessment of the Saks build
ing lot. My appeal related to tho land.
and did not Include the house. The
ground rent is $11,000 a year, and tho
lot Is worth not less than $220,000 (you
could not buy It for $300,000) ond It Is
assessed at only 20 or 25 percent, of its
"truovaluo." Idid work, inanhumblo
way, "tor a purpose," which purposo
was to sccuro the enfoi cement of the
law as it stands.
There Is a remedy for tilts' inequality,
but Its essential feature has not yet
been suggested. I will tell you what It
is sometime, if you want to know.
Senator Inuulls Ignorant,
Senator Ingalls said yesterday that ho
hnd not had time to read Thk Ciutic
Monday evening, and, therefore, had
not read tho article on unjust assess
ments. He asked to bo excused from
expiessing nn opinion on the mattor,
but said he would read the artlclo re
feried to, and If ho found It required
attention he would attend to It.
Philip S. Post of Illinois, a member
of tho House Dlstilct of Columbia
Committee, said ho wns against any
such style of assessing piopcrty as told
in Tun Cr.vric, and thought, If it was
true, it should bo remedied.
General W. II. F. Lee of Virginia,
another mombcr tf this committee,
said lie was out of town Monday night
and had not seen Iho article. Ho
would not express an opinion, however,
until he hnd dono so.
John 31. Clancy of Biooklyn said
that, accoiding to the nitlclc, tho poor
man was discriminated against. He
thought this was very wiongnnd should
Felix Campbell, Hcpicscntattvc from
Hiooklyn, who Is a member of tho
House Committee on tho District of Co
lumbia, said that all assessments should
be equal. Tho one who would assess
ono person's piopcity nt a certain valua
tion and then assess another person's
propeity, equally as valuable, at a less
valuation, would not last long, he said,
ond was suro to go under. It Is all
wiong, ho continued, for such a state of
affair's to exist, and ho was decidedly
against its continuance.
J. Hemy McCaithy of Now York
was of the opinion that tho evil should
be dono away with by legislation.
Frank Lawlcr of Chicago thought the
matter should be Inqulied into and somo
action should be taken to prevent Its
John Quinn of New York held a sim
Sir. Nnsh StrlltOM tho Koj-Note.
Sir, Nnsli naively lcmarkcd: "As
things aro now all appeals aro rofened
to tho assessor who mado the assess
ment complained of, and he, of course,
is not Inclined to undo his own work."
A former Assessor of tho District,
tho pudeccssor of the piesent in
cumbent, before making his exit trom
office, embodied In his annual report to
the Commissioners tlio following vlg
oious lenmiks upon tho vlclousucss of
tho plan of assessment:
"To pick up twelve mon at $5 a day
to assess 'from actual viow' every plcco
of properly and overy houso in thico
months, oven If thoy wero experienced
In our piopcrty values and competent
In all other respects, and do It correctly,
can hardly be hoped; but when men aro
appointed who havo had no experience
In locating, assessing and determining
values, eirors and mistakes of tkograv"
est character must bo tho result.
"If these errors and mistakes of as
sessment fell equally upon tho taxpay
ers It would not bo buch a serious mat
ter, but It woiks altogether against tho
small taxpaycis and in favor of tho
huge taxpayois. For Instauco, when
the sub-assessor has to value ground
wotth from 5 cents to 25 cents a squaio
foot, ho cannot get far out of tho way.
but when the same man has ground
woithfrom $1.50 to $25 per square
foot ho Is cntlioly nt sea. Ills mistakes
heio make tho great differences lu our
general nggrcgato of assessment.
"Experienced and competent assessors
would assess all property within U3 per
cent, of Its true value; then rich mid
poor would bear ou equal propoillonof
tnxatlon. If tho assessment should
yield moro lovenuo than is requited, tho
rato of taxation might bo i educed. It
Is tho ralo of tax, and not alow li regu
lar and unequal assessment, that in
No better cutlclsm upon tho system
of tho assessment can bu afforded than
tho rcnuuksof tho assessors themselves,
who expressed their opinions at length
lu jesterdny's Ciutio. A fow oxtracts
fiqm Ihoso remaiks convoy the general
Aneecsors Admit tlio Outraee,
Assessor Golden Of couiso, tho law
Is not lived up to, and an unjust dis
crimination is being mado against tho
poor in favor of tho rich. I havo
known of Instances where poor peoples'
houses havo bceu assessed almost double
tho actual valuo of tho property,
"Thero is no doubt that a great ovll
exists in this direction, which Is caused
by tho Influenco of Iho wealthy class
of tax-payers oor tho assessors."
Assessor Carpenter Seo what n farco
of a law wo nro asked to work under
nt tho present time. It Is ono that can
not possibly bo followed, and never Is.
"No clearly dcflnod rules nro given
lo bo followed by assessors in tho valu
ation ot pronorlv. Consequently wo
aro left to go it blind.
"I will admit, as is stated, that the
small property-owners suffer to somo
extent by being, in somo Instances,
called upon to contribute moro to tho
tax fund than the larger property
Assessor Shoemaker: "Ono reison
which appears lo causo such a diver
sity ns to valuations In various portions
of tho clly is, because thero aro twelve
different assessors for as many differ
ent sections, and w ith as many different
Ideas of valuation."
Each assessor admitted that the law
was crude; agreed that tho tlmo in
which to perform tho work was entirely
Inadequate, and heartily favored the
establishment of a permanent Hoard of
Year after voar tho Assessor of tho
District, Incumbent at tho tlmo, ha
appealed for a change in tho law.
Tlmo after tlmo havo tho Inequalities
and injustices of tho law been pointed
out. Nothing has ever como of such
appeals save incases whero tho Assessor
was too vigorous, then bis own official
Tho sentiment of tho citizens at largo
is clearly in favor of a chango in Iho
mode of assessment. Thero aro a fow
who aro satisfied with tho oxistlngplan.
Their names will bo found in the lists
of instances cited by TiieCiutio, whero
certain favored ones wcro pocketing
thousands of dollars annually that
should under tho law go into tho city's
revenue from taxes.
Kent Estate Dealer Urown Talks..
Ono of the most potential real cstato
firms In tho clly is that of Fitch, Fox &
Brown. Tho properties they handlo
foot way up Into the millions. Careful,
conservative and solid, their opinions
upon, matters pertaining to the city's
good aro valuable. Mr. Brown, tho
junior member of tho firm, said to a,
Cnrno reporter yesterday:
"The last assessment In a great many
cases gave dissatisfaction. Thero wore
numerous-instances of unequal assess
ments complained of by our clients, and
thus I came lo havo a knowledge of the
"If wo had had a permanent Board of
Assessors it would bo au advantage In
tho respect that when tho tlmo came for
making an assessment the appraisers
vwmld be better educated In tho details
of their duties and would have acquired
a moie accurato knowledge of values of
"The piesent rote of taxation is not
excessive. I would favor an appraise
ment upon a fair cash valuo, or an
auction value, which is the nearest ap
proach to it. Then when the revenue
uas thus raised, If found to bo In ex
cess of the needs of tho district, tho
legislative poweis could foim an Idea
ot the advisability of a lcduclion in tho
"A stable, fair lax would tend to In
crease the amount of money to be in
vested in improvements."
Views of u Conservative.
Mr. E. C. Cutter is one of the most
conservative of tho larger dealers, and
he, too, lias extensive intciests in the
city, personally and as agent and at
torney. Ho is thoroughly posted on
Dlstilct mattcis, and is In a position to
give an opinion of value upon the sub
"We should certainly have an estab
lished Boaid of Assessors, constantly
employed in levislon, to make them
selves thoioughly familiar with tho value
of District properties," ho sa'd. "The
assessment law itself I think is not so
much responsible for the evils as the
execution of tho law. Theie is a great
difference of opinion as to tho ensh
value of piopcrty. It is very hard for
even the best judges to determine it.
How much harder, then, must it bo for
men not familiar with valuations in
general and the changes in tho prices of
piopcity. I legard tho method of set
tling appeals asialhcr a peculiar one.
It is not exactly in the line of juilsdic
tion for a board which makes Its own
values to also consider appeals fiom the
values thus established.
"Ono of tho leasons why small prop
eities are likely to be assessed moro that
than largo ones is owing to the fact
thero is gi eater demand for them and
they aro moio easily sold. Tills gives
them a lively valuo In compailson with
nn cxpensivo property that might be a
drug on tho market."
Mr. Stelluncon Itetlcont,
When Mr. Edwin J. Stellwagcn, of
Iho ical estate Dim of Thomas J. Fisher
& Co., F street, was asked by a Cumo
hitmicwer for his views upon tho laws
of the District of Columbia governing
tho assessment of realty, ho replied:
"I have not given the subject enough
thought to express an opinion for pub
lication." "Do no changes In tho law suggest
themselves which would bo for tho
"Well, I would ralher not be quoted
on tho subject. 1 will say, however,
that 1 think it right that, the changes
in the prlco of ical estate In tho Dlstilct
being so lapid, a now assessment
should take place overy thico years at
least; but really I don't know much
about the law, and would lathernot
"What do you think about tho pres
ent mode of nssessineut of real ostato?"
"I think that the assessors are hired
too cheap. They aro picked up In a
huiry, and have to complete their work
in two or thiee months, and this pushes
them too much. Thoy should havo a
great deal moro tlmo. Tho pilco that
is paid them Is also cntliely too Rtnall.
I don't know just what thoy lecelvo,
but I do not bellovo it is much. They
hhould not receive less than $10 per
dav. and good men should bo selected.
I do not believe that the light kind of
men con bo secured for less than this
"Do you think tho present law has a
tendency to Invito foieigu or non-resident
"I cannot oxpicss an opinion. I
don't think, however, that loiclgu in
vestors ever think anything about it
ono way or tho other, but I cannot say
Tlio T.iiu- Should bo Clinngeil,
Mr. M. M. Paiker, ical estate agent,
No. 1118 F street, when addressed upon
iho subject, repllod:
"If the law of tho Dlsttlct was car-
rlcd out It would keep money out of
Washington, but tho assessment law
hero is mado clastic, or rather Its en
forcement is clastic. A fair valuation
Is generally construed by our assessors
to bo ono-half, or two-thirds of
tho cash valuo of tho realty
at a forced salo under tho hammer. If
1 was an assessor I would not forco tlio
point of assessments too far. Vo now
havo a surplus of nearly $700,000 In the
Treasury, eo what Is tho uso of need-
Ujsly Increasing It fiom year to ycur
We cannot get Congress lo spend the
Miiplusor allow us to do sn, became
the inenibTrs want lo poso baforo their
constituents as being economical. Thoy
will not voto for nny measure which
may bo construed into uxtravagnnco
that they can avoid. Tho Scnnto Is
ready now to let us spend tho surplus,
but the Houso will not consent to It."
"Have assessments been decreased on
account of iho surplus?"
"Tho Inst assessment Columbia
Heights realty Increased 000 per
cent. I appeared before the board and
protested mid got n reduction of 113 per
cent., but t is still too high. There
Is another point I want to speak of that
Is not generally known. Property
owners In tho county havo been paying
for tho last fifteen years exactly tho
samo assessments as city property
owners, while not 2 per cent, of the col
lection of taxes has over been spent in
"I think tho law should bo amended
so as to crcato a board, consisting of
Ihrco or live men, who should bo sal
aried. Their salaries should bo con
tinuous from year to year, and thcv
should fit constantly. In this
way the members would bo
como familiar with real cs
tato values and with their duties, and
It would glvo citizens a proper oppor
tunity to flic complaints and to sccuro
equitable assessments and readjust
ments oi valuation. The city of iioston
has such & board, consisting of thrco
members. After a fair trial I am suro
the District Could not bo induced to
abolish the board and return to tho old
system, pitr assessors are too often
appointed for political reasons, or hur
riedly picked up through necessity."
Sir. I-rltchott Talks.
Mr. William II. Prltchelt had just re
turned from a meeting In tho Metropoli
tan M. E. Church for the purposo of
indorsing a bill to establish an inebri
ates' homo in the District, when he was
found iu his cosy homo on Can oil
street southeast by a CntTic reporter,
who asked him about the discrepancies
between tho real and assessed values of
his property. Mr. Pritchctt is tho as
sessor of tho district bounded by First
and Sixth streets southeast, iho city
boundary and the Potomac River. Mr.
Prltchett ptroked his beard reflectively
for a moment and answered:
"I am perfectly willing to discuss the
matter, but there is nothing that I know
of that requires a defense, at loast so far
bs my dlstilct Is concerned. Of courso
thero must be discrepancies between the
assessed valuo and what the owners of
the property consider its actual value.
Tho latter Is almost impossible for us to
arrive at. Tho law says we must asses3
at Iho cash value. Now, there is a
great difference of opinion as to what Is
tho rash value. Somo contend that it
Is what Jhc property would fetch at a
foiccd sale, which, ot course, is not tho
fair valuo. Then, on the other hand, a
man sometimes sees a piece of land
which he needs badly for some particu
lar purpose and which suits him so ex
exactly that ho Is willing to pay a little
more fhati its ical value ralher than lose
It. This would not be a fair basis of
"Tho way I airlvcd at the values In
my district was by consulting with a
number ot propcity-owncis ot vailous
classes, and from what they said I
managed to generally , I bcliovc, stiiko
n prelty fair aveinge. In many In
stances my assessments were much
higher 'Ian foimcrly. "For instance,
Sam Walker's place, at the coiner of
Fifth and D streets, was assessed thrco
jeaisngoat 15 cents a foot, but I in
cieascdthis to 8p cents. Allnoithof
East Capitol stieet, between Third and
Sixth stieets and Stanton Square, was
assessed at n very low rate, and I was
obliged to ignore the woik of my pro
dcccesois and put the values up to 00
cents a foot.
"After tinning in our assessments all
tho asscssois sit as a board of aibltra
lion and hear appeals from any person
who is dissatistled. In this way auy
injustice that may havo been dono is
pri-tty sine to bc'set right. In a ma
joiity of cases tho appeals aio mado by
people who kick ou general principles,
and wo find on investigation that their
representations aie incoirect.
"I Aiinlc that peihaps tho public
would bo bettor satisfied with a pcrma
ntnt Doaid of Appeal, who would have
nothing to do but lo examine tho work
of tho asscssois. I don't think the
boaidnsat otescnt constituted makes
mnny mistakes, but that would bo n
still surer plan."
Tew Complaint at Goorcotnwn.
Thomas L. Ciopley, tho Georgetown
assessor, was disinclined to talk about
"So far ns Georgetown Is con
cerned," he said to n CntTic re
porter, "I don't think you will find
many complaints, for the property up
huu is, generally speaking, all of about
the samo value, and any attempt to dis
ci (initiate would fall, for it would bo so
tippuicnt as to latse a storm of piotest.
My district takes iu tho coimtv west to
Hock Cictk, but as it is not ullccted by
I n r. Clinics aitlclo I won't say any
thing about It. A permanent Bo'atd of
Assenois, I thtuk, would bean improve
ment over tho piesent system."
coNsmtVATivi: st. John's
In u riutter Over n Ken Deimrttiro
by Its Hector.
A stiong feeling of disappointment
and a little flutter of well-bred indig
nation pervades the congregation of
fashionable St. John's Episcopal Church
over a dcpaituro from long-established
custom in ono of tho foi ins of service
which tho now rector, Dr. Douglas,
has said ho will Inaugurate. Tho con
gregation of St. John's Is nothing if not
conservative, aristocratic ami lcservcd.
They don't liko chango, but want to go
on in the ways of their forefathers.
Tho senior wnulcnshlp of tho church
has been held through tho fenerations
of ono fiimllv slnco the church was or
ganized, in lrJlO. Thoy like their forms
of Ecrvieo mid cling to them tena
ciously. One of iho most touching and beau
tiful services has been that held on tho
evening of Maundy Thursday, tho
Thuifcduy befoio Easter. It celebrates
tho Institution of tho Last Suppor. On
MauiHly Thuisday night St. John's
Church is shiouded In daikncss. Tlio
only light Is a dim lellectiou fiom tho
altar lamps. Tho congicgntlon cntor
silently, and, lu tho mysteilous gloom
which envelopes the church, ntienit a
communion strvlce. It Is nn appro
pilato ond beautiful cclebiatlon of n
liolv event. Tlio church Is always
crowded upon this occasion and the
congicgntlon treasure it as ono of their
most sacred services.
Dr. Douglas, tho new rector of tho
church, gavo notice last Sunday that
this commemoration of tho feast of the
Last Supper would bo celebrated at
midday on "next Maundy Thursday.
A heavy piesBiiro of opposition to tho
chango "has been aroused, however, and
tho congregation expect tho new rector
to respect their wishes In this matter.
ROBBERY OF THE POOR.
Lotteries, Policy-Writing and "Orap"
"MORE CRIMINAL THAN CRIMINALS."
Such Aro Iho Lawyers Who Aro Subsi
dized by Iho Gamblors.
Humble Hnimnlinlilii I.rt Without
1'ninl in Orilnr Hint the Ill-Ontton
I'rnllta nr tlio Mliciiiitm Mny He
Atiunionlril llroedern of Hillclilo".
Come, old fellow," said a gentleman
n reporter on Sunday morning,
"let's tako n walk over tho Long Bridge.
I know It will bo well worth your
while, for you can gather some point
ers In relation to policy, crap-shooting
and other robbing schemes that aro In
keeping with Louisiana Lottery meth
ods, which Tun Cumo Is making such
a noblo effort to show up."
Tho suggestion was very readily ac
cepted, and that It resulted In convey
ing considerable Information can but bo
juugcii uy me lncts that follow.
This old wooden historical relic, with
Its crumbling stono piers, its ancient
mako up and tho remembrances con
nected with It, will never leave the
memory of thousands of old veterans
who crossed it cither going or coming
during tho sixties. Tho tramp, tramp,
tramp of tho boys In blue who went
out In those days, inspired with a spirit
of patriotism and a desire to serve their
country, and tho maimed, broken-down
and dispirited condition in which they
camo home after the conflict, if thoy
were among those fortunate onough to
come at all, will long bo remembered.
Now this tramp, tramp, tramp is kept
up to day under illiTerent circumstances
and for different purposes. Those who
go over now very irequeutly uo so in
high spirits and with a flush pocket
book, only to icturn with an empty
purse, much depressed in spirits and
in a lit frame of mind that often leads
Over this Long Bildge, from the
hours of 10 a. m. until'late nt night,
thero Is a continual stream of peoplo
passing. Having crossod the draw at
the flood gates, groups of darkies aio to
bo seen gathered hero and there along
tho uats "snooting crap. "Ult there,
eeben, clcben," "lilt 'cm on do head
wid a natural," "Cum up dar, four,"
"Gib me dem cro bones," are only fair
samples of expressions that will greet
one all along tho flats.
Two Michigan Congressmen stood
wntching one of theso games, and they
wero both among the number who
gave free cxpicsslon to their opinions In
relation to Tun Cumc's Louisiana
Lottery expose. What conclusion they
came to In regard to the permission of
a public ciap shooting game on a well
traveled thoroughfare within tho Dls
tilct of Columbia on n bright Sunday
nfitrnoon can leadlly Jic conceived.
They were, however, ignorant of tho
other infamous pollry concern that was
running in full blast nt the Yliginla end
of the bridge.
Stunding Immediately behind the
Congiessmcn on the draw was a poorly
clad colored woman with an almost
miked infant in her aims. This babe
could not havo been ovcrthicc weoks
old, and, as tho mother leaned up
against one-f--the- iron supporters of
the span, standing gazing down Into
the muddy and swift-running curicnt
of the Potomac, thero was but one im
pression to be drawn by anyone who
watched her closely. About this time
a dissipated-looking darkey came shuf
fling nloi.g from tho Virginia side of
"Well, you lazy old coon, how did
lhe'v'wood row' woik this morning?"
said the woman, who proved to be his
"Tell de truth, Li?, do wheel done
gone cockkl'd dis morning and dcre is
no use ob talkin', we coons can't win."
"But, you nigger Solomon, de tabic
husgotlo be supplied wid something
"I knows dat, Li, but if dey don't
spin the wheel my way I cau't help it "
Now hero was a fellow who had been
acioss tho bildge to see the policy wheel
tin n, and to learn if his "row"
came out. lie was only one of a do?eu
men met with on tho bildge who talked
policy slang In tho healing of tho le
poiter. A combination in policy gives a man
about as much chance as ho gets whon
ho buys a ono-dollar ticket fiom tho
Loulsiona Lottciy. Ono man who camo
fiom over the river had a crisp $10 bill
Unit ho had won on a ten-cent "gig."
'I he news that he had made this win
ning was spiead all over certain locali
ties' iu the nflernoon, and by noon on
Monday $20 for $1 had been put in the
wheel lhat never came out and never
will. Any one who has had any expo
liuicc with policy, if he will sit down
und ilguio out his favorablu chances on
a i-j steinallc basis, wilt find that ho has
ono in 20,000 for a leturii of his money.
On tho Virginia side ot tho bridge
thcio is n slccpy-looklug joint with
tlosid blinds. On tlio outside It shows
no evidence of life, but on the lnsido
there Is a tiger of vaiious stripes and
hues fiolicklng around promiscuously.
Here is wheio tho policy wheel spins
twice a day.and whcie the thousands of
tickets puicuaseuln Washington, vary
iug in prico all the way .fiom five cents
to five dollais, aro preseulcd for record.
The branch is ono of many kept up by
a New Yoik company that makes mil
lions every year out of tho 5, 10 and
15 cent pickings which come daily fiom
tho pockets of the poor.
Thero aio Innumerable agencies In
the city wheio these tickets aro written.
There aio in the employ of theso agon
clcs what aio called "runnels," who
cany tho books acioss tho luidgo, check
up with tho concern and collect an'
deliver tho monoy to the lucky win
ncis, if there happen to bo any.
Only a few weel.s ago ouo of these
"ninners" was on trial in tho Criminal
Court. Ho admitted on tho stand that
hu did cany policy tickets into Vir
ginia, but it could not bo proven that
he conducted a plnco where they wero
written. Consequently ho was dis-
"Thcio ought to bo
i caching these 'uinfleis,
toiuoy yesterday, "and
them pietly hard they
somo way of
' " said an at-
if we crowd
will give up.
XIicic mo places lu me
policy plovers frequent everyday and
wheiu tickets aro wiltten legularly.
Tun Ciutic has been very outspoken
on the lottciy steal, and tho next thing
thcv wont tb tackle Is tho policy deal
In Washington, for it is oven a worso
lobbery thou tho other and tho poorer
classes aro tho sufferers. Now, your
paper hat. token up tho flght for tho
poor, and I hope to sco you cairy It out
to Iho bitter end.
"Washington deals libeially with tho
policy millionaires, as it does with tho
Louisiana Lottery monopolists, and this
city has tho credit of turnlug as much
money In this direction ns any placo iu
tho Vnlted Slatce. They arguo In favor
of the former mode of rambling tint
It only takes a nickel and n dlmo now
mid then, but It must bo remembered
that It is nn every day occurrence, and
fifty cents or a dollar n week would
keep the wolf fiom the door In nviny
poor families. It Is the same with the
Louisiana Lottery, 'Wlint Is n dollar a
month?' they say. But It comus from
tho poor, as It docs In policy "
"That's right. I glory in tho pluck
of Tun Ciutio In making n light against
the lop dog and In favor of tho lower
one. The stlltid taken against tho lot
tery combination, tho tax frauds and
Iho policy shops will havo its effect In
Hie long run." Theso remarks were
mndo by n mnii who knows to what ev
tcnt these frnuds aic carried on In tho
District. "Do you know," said he,
"that the attorneys who oio subsidized
bv this ricli Louisiana corporation
which wonts to pay the whole State
debt for n lcnownl of u twenty year
franchise travel hand In hand with tho
New York policy wotkeis? They fre
quent places In the city together, spend
their money freely, nnd aic looked upon
as tho supporters" of corporations that
aro backing them to any amount.
"It has been staled," he continued,
"that the subsidized attorney of thu
Louisiana concern receives $10,000 a
year, but $7,000 will come nearer tho
correct figure. Theio Is a liberal al
lowance, howover, for expenses that
mny bring tho amount up to $10,000.
If you will nolo carefully both theso
concerns pay liberally for olllclal sup
port. Tho mnn who sells Louisiana
Lottery tickets and the one who writes
a policy clg, horsu or saddle, aro on
thu same level. They aro both pro
tec ted by the unlimited capital that
bocks these 'clap trap' banks. I know
of a number of negroes who canvass
the barber-shops, saloons and other
plnces every day. These uro 'runners,'
and seem lo pay no moro attention to
the law or the men who aro expected to
enforco It (ban they do to a 'wooden
Iugun' In front of a cigar store. Thuy
know they will not be interfered with.
Why? Becauso there Is 'a lip.' 'scalo'
or whatever you may call It behind the
whole combination. There is n well
organized effort to protect nil gambling
schemes, pool looms and In fact all
faking' projects intended to deceive
SIIOl'MlfTKltS IN FOK If.
Iteconlft of Ilio 1'rrrIoiiH t'ntr Wliti Aro
The two shoplifters. Koto Friday
and Sarah Lcwess, will probably le
celvc their just deserts beforu they get
through with AVashington. They havo
been indicted under two now charges
and their tilal has been set for Mon
day. The new indictments nro found
for the lurcenv of goods from the stores
of AVIllett &"HuofT and Woodward &
'It has been established." said De
tcctlvc Ball, "that the record of theso
people Is very bad and they belong
to thu woist criminal class In this
country. Kate Fields, now Mary But
ler, alias Sarah Lewis, is tlio" wife
of a green-goods man called Butler
Anna Dunlgnu, alias Koto Friday,
navels in the samo class, nnd, although
the youngest, is tho worst of tho two,
the Lcwess woman, to uso the expres
sion ot a man with, whom l liau somo
conespondeucc," said the detective, "is
an 'old holster,' nnd fences her
L'onds at 'Black Lena's1 In New
York. 'Black Lena' was in Wash
ington whllo these two shop
lifters were working, and registeied at
the St. James Hotel under the name of
Brown. The child who appeared in
couit with Fildny during thu last tiiat
Is her own, and Matt Dunigan, n well
known character In New Yorlc, is her
husband. Kate Fiiilny's mother Is Hose
Dunlgnu, alias 'Big Hose' Sho is also
a notorious shopllltcr.
"Kate Filday wns indicted in 1897 in
Cincinnati, also in the same year In
BrooMjn, ami in 1880 in New Haven,
Conn. Sho gavo bonds in nil theso
cases and they are looking for her to ap
pear on another yet. She Is tho
woman who can led tlio satchel for Billy
Porter and 'Sheeny Mike' inthciamous
Tioyrobbciy in lSS.I. Sho took It to
.Too Dubuque's placo In Albany. She
has a lecoul oil over the country, and
her Jewish moke up and tho mole on
her face can bo identified in her plcturo
that occupies n conspicuous placo in
many a logucs' gollery."
"Thero is no use of talking," said
Jim Springman, who knows every
ciiminol that ever operated in Wash-
ton, "but that these two women aio old
loimdeis, and the fact of them know
ing 'Sheeny Mike,' Iloinco llogau and
Tom Keen and associating with them
ought to convict them on general piln
ciples." Charity llourcl nf MiiniiRcrii,
The tegular monthly meeting of the
boaid of managers ot tho Associated
Chaiities was held last evening at the
Lcntial ofllce, TOT G street. The gen
eral secietary, L S. Bmcry, reported
that the number of calls upon tho cen
tiol olllco sinco January 21, 1890, hid
been 770, on unprecedented number
which, ho added, reminds us of what
ho hod alieady realized, that it is a
severe winter thus far for tho poor
people, notwithstanding the mildness
of the weather. Cold and blustoilng
weather touches peoplo, and they will
leallzo that tho poor need their nssM
anco and they will send In their conlil
butions, but, said Mr Emery, the con
dilions of this season have Imposed
gieater hnidbhlps and keener necessi
ties on account of tho prevailing sick
ness. Money is needed and must be
had, or we will bo cilppled In our ef
forts to aid tho poot An appeal Is
mndo to tho public for contributions,
which niaj bo sent to the secietary, L
S. Linciy.'TOT G slseet north west, or
to any member of the boaid of man
Itciu'Hlnc thi! rubor; l.imiii.
Sax FitAM'iMO, Feb. 10. A prlvalo
dispatch received here announces that
(he imperial Kusslau Government has
confirmed tho renewal of the leaso of
thu ltusslnu seal Mauds in Behrlug
Sen to the Alaska Coinnieichl Com
pany of this city. This action is mi
del stood to bo based upon u pei suasion
that Iho Government of tho United
States will tako a similar couiso with
legaul to Its own seal Islands, and that
tho contiol of thu seal fur Industiy may
thus bo vested in a single management.
District OlllrliilH lli'turo emigre.
Commissioners Hlno and Douglass
and Auditor Petty wore befoio the sub
committee of tho llouso Committee
on Appiopiiatlons this moinliig, mid
gave tlaii views upon tho chuiso In tho
General Delklency bill relotltig to tho
District of Columbia.
Worlil'tt l'ulr t'unferenre.
Al UASi, N. Y , Feb. 19. Tho report of
tho conference committee on the world's
l'ulr bill as adopted In Assembly this
morning by a oto ot llt to 1.
Nothing Is so important to a connoisseur
as comldcnco lu wluo; hence the u
eanitd celebrity ot tho lino clarets ot J.
Calvct A Co, Tor sale by the Bckoomaker
Co, ami other leading dealers.
RAILROAD TAX MAUDS.
Rather Queer Disclosure" in the Dis
trict Assessor's Office.
FRANCHISES 0IVEN FOR NOTHING,
And Yet Thoy Aro as Valuable as Any
in tho United States.
AiirMcil nt $8,000 ii Mlln In IHHil, anil
at Only $1,000 in 18RII lloiv IIib
(lentleinen Who Mnko Iho Aaaonn
niinlH J'lgure It,
Congiessman J. K. Washington of
Tennessee Is preparing n resolution to
bo Introduced In tho House, within thu
next few days, which bids fair to
create n howl among street railway cor
porollons In the District. Ho said to
day that his attention was called to thu
high-handed way in which those mo
nopolistic corporations nro running
things to suit themselves, by tho story
published In Tun Ciutio several days
Tho resolution will call for an amend
ment of iho franchise given to the rail
road companies lo compel them to pay
higher taxes for the prlvliegcs thov en
joy and to nflord better facilities for the;
trnnsportntion of passengers. He will
ask that the District Committee bo in
Mulcted to bring in a bill demanding
of the railroad companies to change
their motor power to cither electric or
"Instead of being the most miserably
equipped city as to transit In tho United
States," said Mr. Washington, "it
should bo the best, and since Congress
has presented these companies with
their franchises for nothing. It should
be seen lo that tho companies should
equip their loads commensurate with
the great pilvileges they enjoy."
A peep into the records at tho lot
ofllce relative to tho assessed value of
the property of somo of these roods on
which they pay tax brought to light
some peculiar facts.
According to tho triennial reports in
188!! both tho Washington and George
town and Metropolitan railroads paid
taxes on the assessed value of tho prop
erty allowed them on the streets at tho
rate of ij-8,000 a mile. This was at that
time considcicd a fair figure. Not
withstanding the fact that other property
dwncd by comparatively poor peoplo has
rapidly increased in valuo and their
tax has proportionately advanced, tho
report book In 1880 shows no record of
whut the assessed valuu of the railroad
companies' hacks was, but in 1839 the
book reveals tho startling Information
that the compauies paid tax on only
$4,000 a mile. Tho man who has
charge of theso books said that this re
duction of ono half on tho former as
sessed value of the property was rc
folvcd on by tho Board of Assessors iu
18SG, ond that instead of $8,000, as
formerly, $4,000 was considered fair.
When the man in charge of tho
books was osked If this was considered
to bo 80 per cent, of the value of tho
propeity occupied by tho railroad tracks,
no laugncu significantly anil saiu, alter
"No, not exactly, but that Is tho way
the ussessois figured It."
Tho Washington and Georgetown
Unilroad Company opeiates sixteen
miles of ioa.'.. This is assessed ot the
ridiculously low sum of $70,000 or
about $a,019 a milo on which taxes aro
paid. Tho company's entire personal and
i nil estate property, including the pro
perly on which the hacks arc laid, is
assessed at $1,000,000, nnd it Is safe
to say that this is not moro than 20 per
cent, of the actual value.
Tho Metropolitan Hailioad Company
operates about twenty miles of track
oudpnjs taxes on $80,000, or $1,000 a
mile. Its personal and real estate and
track property is assessed at $1,0115,000.
Tho fianchises held by these two com
panies nrc said to be as valuable as auy
in tho United States, yet they not only
do not pay for them, but do not pay
within many thousands of dollais the
legitimate taxes on their piopcity.
on tuiai. fok aiuitnnit,
Henry Johnson Telling tlio Jury thu
blnrj of Kuoch Turner's Death.
The trial of Henry Johnson, chatged
with killing Enoch Turner at Seven
teenth and B streets noithcnst, last fall,
w as proceeded with this morning.
It appears fiom the evidence that a
crowd of negroes proceeded to fill them
selves up with whisky and gin at
Skilly's stoic, on Seventeenth street.
Henry Johnson was with the crowd,
and went from Skilly's store to Hetty
Giicn's, whcie shoitly afterward thu
body of Knoch Turuer'was found dead
upon the sidewalk, with n pistol ball
wound upon tho leftside of his head.
George, better known ns "JIoso"
Williams, a companion of Homy John
son, the defendant, when placed upon
the stand, said "Judge, I want to sec
my council befoio I say anything.
Thcv say that if Henry Johuson doii't
talk'l shouldn't, and I don't want to
talk." "Well, go ahead, George."
leplied District Attorney Lipscomb,
"wo will see that you aic piotected."
Williamson gavo evidence to tlio effect
lhat Henry Johnson was with him on
tlio evening of tho murder, and that hu
took a pistol from him nt Skilly's place,
and went fiom thero to "Hetty's."
He and Johnson wcie trying to out
di ink each other. He did not seo tho
shooting but knew that Henry did not
return him his revolver, but said that
he threw It in tho brush.
Hilly Gicen testified that when tho
pistol shot was flred sho was sick and
Ijing upon the bed, but when sho
jumped up anil came Into thu
lront room of her place, she saw
Williams runulng out of tho door
Afterwnuls sho found tho body of
Tinner upon tho sidewalk In front. Sho
admitted that she was asleep, but at thu
t-amo lime sho was talking, and the at
tornoys excused her without much
Mining i:ng!urrn Slci-t.
The convention of tlio Institute of Mln
Ing Kuglneers was beM lu tho Smithsonian
Iustltulo lost night, licueral ltoeecrans,
chairman of the local committee, presided.
1'rofefsor S. 1. I.auglav, Major Powell,
chief of the Geologic al Sun oy, and Presi
dent Franklin Plorce of the Institute ot
Mining I.'uKlucers addressed tho conven
tion. Ur ltossltcr ltajmoml load a bio
graphical sketch of Charles A. Ashburner,
and also a sketch ot thu late Franklin II.
(iouun. To-day tho meiubeia ot the Insti
tute will isit Mouut Vernon and will meet
to-ulght at tho Arlington.
Contrmerm (urn Child.
To-day Judge Montgomery grantod a
writ of habeas corpus to Charles 11. Kim
ble, commanding him to produce Bdgur
Fchersou this afteruoou at 3 o'clock. This
was grauted on the petition of Edgar
Fchersou, 14 months old, now under thn
excluoho control of C. t Klniblo ot 437 (.'
street, w ho deems his right to the child and
who la about to remove to Oregon and
u ants to tako tho boy w Ith him.
A ou can order Tnu Ciutio by postal card.
It will be sent to your address every even
ing for 85 cents.