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The Washington critic. (Washington City, D.C.) 1890-1890, February 23, 1890, Image 4

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" nwim.-mx0mn
-xrtc nrunrf'uMn(uv
v y , I vrti 1J?J(N W JirrMW5
Hawkins, Covvkn & Huskett.
my mail-to'taiu: r-nzr-UD.
Evening edition, one ear $5 CO
rattjof a year, per moiitl M
Evening and Sunday morning, ono year.. 0 Pfl
Simdaj morning edition, ono yoar 1 "
Mall subscriptions Invariably in advance.
to city soufCninnns
(Uollvcred by carriers).
iTrilng edition, ono month 35c.
Evening and Sunday morning, ono month 40a
Sunday morning, thrco month..... SOo
l)l) street,
Washington, t. 0.
Far the Dittrltl of Columbia, Dtlawire,
uml JturyUiml,
.-oulhr v u hitlt.
riliiui jriu-vuii,
Jutr weather;
ii raw;
1'aik .vismust nntl honest col
lection. Just taxation would stop tlio intl.v
tlcn of land values.
"What wo need in Washington is nn
assessors' tnist that will pulup the prices
on rich men's property.
AiiBTHi'.ui: any small laud-owners
nmong the citions of Washington who
ii'ccive immunity from taxation? Cer
tainly not!
Tjiuv thuow Corporal Tanner out of
the Pension JJurcnu, but his famous
pkrac, "God help the surplus," is still
live matter.
The Vice-Preside nt of the Ifnited
State, Jlon. Led P. Morton, paid tat
on $107,020 icorth of property which
tould be sold at $150,000.
Editok CniTir: What does "I f"
mean at the end of an advertisement in
a newspaper? Lulu.
It means tax fraud, dear.
Tun Assnssoiis estimated the value
of the Wormley Hotel property at !$7I),
230. It Eold leccntly for $1-10,000, and
is. now on the mnikcl at $'-200,000.
Why shoui.ii the District of Colum
bia have more than $100,000,000 of real
estate value that is not taxed?
llccauso it is making the lieh lluhcr.
Oxri; Mom: Tin: Chitio would like
to inquire if Senator Ingalls has heard
any complaints about the unjust tax
assessments in the District of Columbi.i.
Why iiokh Mn. Wii.i.akd fence in
his estate and hold it against all bld
bcrs? Uccauso the trilling tax ho con
trives to have put upon it eiublos him
to do so.
-Kvintv j'ii:ci: ok real estate under
valued and held for speculation causes
injury to the city. IJesldes depriving
the District treasury of its just dues, it
hinders entcrpiisc and detcis building.
Cut the following; out and pasto
it in your hat: Owing to the Influence
of the wealthy property-holders the
District of Columbia is annually
cheated out of the tax on more than
To Tin; wealthy land-owners: If
you arc sincerely concerned in the wel
fare of Washington insist on paying
your ta.vcs on the basis of honest valua
tion. You will bo surpiised at the
benefits yourselves and the community
will derive.
Pekhavs wih:n tut. 10,000 Knights
of Labor in the Dlstiict of Columbia
concentrate their eiTorts and let go one
mighty yell in favor of reform of tho
tax assessments, Senator Ingalls will
awake to tho fact that there really is
some complaining in Washington nliout
the matter.
Invkstohs will not buy at exor
bitant rates. Tho big laud-owner, who
pays the smallest pioportlon of the pub
lic taxes, is exorbitant, lie is a specu
lator. In making the present purchase
of his land impossible by tho figures ho
waits' to realize he prevents improve
ment. Just taxation, in re-establishing
healthy values, would accelerate in
vestment, and thus inciease the demand
for labor. Building would bo more
general and extensive, more workmen
would tlnd employment and tho public
piosperity would be augmented.
A ie-peiusal of Mr. "Waincr's letter,
mib)fshcd In Friday's Carrie, produces
tho iinpicssion that his views on the
subject uudur consideration me some
what confused, and that ho U not very
e'ear. on in regard to his own queer
doctrine of public expediency.
He is wrong in asserting that the
Cr.iTic "assumes" anything in regard
to the inequality and Injustice of the
District assessments. On the contrary,
it published a statement of facts from
which the only logical infeience was,
nnd is, that an outrageous discrimina
tion has been made in tho matter of as
sessments against tho poorer and more
numerous class of tax-payers, as a class,
nnd in favor of tho rich property
1 ovvueis. What other inference can Mr.
Warner draw?
The testimony of some of the asses
sois certainly is to the effect that
"prominent citizens were parties to se
eming unfair assessments of their prop
el ty to escape debts jiHly duo from
thcin under tho law," If Mr. Warner
by the phrase, "debts duo under tho
law," means taxes, -"to escapo the pay
incut" of theso was precisely the ob
ject for which "prominent citizens
fcccurcd unfair assessments." What
other object does Mr. Warner think
they had?
If rich propeily-owners "prollted by
fuvoiitism" in their assessments, Is not
the conclusion inevitable that the class
not so favored "must bear propoitlon
ately heavier burdens" In order to
make up tho full amount of a ilxod tax
Jovy, or, as Mr. Warner puts it, "for
the benefit of tho public nt large?"
Wlint other conclusion can Mr. Warner
It Is curious to note that Mr. Warner
moke- no explicit denial of tho suito of
things complained of, but says he
' holds tho opinion" that It Is Inexpe
dient lo d8closo It because such a dls
tkuro may Injure tho
ity Jn Ihc
cttiuiMloti of Congicss and others. In
other words, Mr. Warner would por
pctuate Injustice and continue tho per
pttration of fraud upon tho people
rather thonlhat "the impression should
be cieated that the administration of
our local nffalts has been very defect
ive, or that theio exists such a condi
tion of things as should at once receive
investigation from Uoujtioss." Indeed,
Mr. Warner would nppatonlly carry his
expediency so fnr that ho would sup
press tho fact "that palpable wrongs
have been committed under covor of
law" rather than rulllc tho sensibility
of tho august "chairman of the Senate
committee," who, In tho face of u de
tailed statement of injustice nnd fraud,
"does not pee tho nceosslty of Immediate
action." Mr. Warner's expediency Is,
however, a very one-sided one. It Is
always for the rich and favored tax
payer and novcr, oven by accident, for
the people; it is for the suppression of
agitation and not for tho ledress of
It is wholly beside the malti'r for Mr,
Warner to say that other cities in the
rountiy are more unfairly assessed than
Washington. Tho ptcsent contention
is about Washington, nnd in view of tho
law anil tho facts In the case that con
tention is that tho system of assess
nuut vthichpicvails iaunfalrnnd fraud
ulent. In like manner tho fact that "promi
nent nnd influential citizens" nrc "en
terprising," etc., has nothing to do In
the way of excusing their course in se
eming unjust and illegal assessments.
So itisnlsoiurcsnrd to Mr. Warner's
view of the beneficial effect of taxation
upon the taxpayer. It is an interesting
theory and it may ben true one, but Mr.
Warner, study, cannot find in it any
justification of a system which makes
the burden of taxation fall lightly on tho
i ich and heavily on the poor.
The fact Is Mr. Warner is out of
chaiactcr In attempting to apologize
for a system which lia9 been con
demned as iniquitous by successtvo as
sessors and Dlstiict Commissioners.
It would bo moio In keeping with his
leputatlon for public spiiit, if he should
old with his influence the agitation for
a new law, which is inevitable.
For it is not to bo thought for a
moment that these unjust assessments
me to continue. Already the people
aio taking tho matter up, and, when
lliey have gained full Information, they
will demand their rights, mid then
favoiltlsm must go.
When tho Pan-American Congress,
convened for the purpose of establishing
cidci trade iclations between the United
Stales nnd the countries of Central and
South America, began its session in
this cily, it was suggested that n subsi
dized tlrct, sailing to South American
poits, wiuld not accomplish half so
much to cicale or piomoto leclprocal
trado between tho Three America as
tho building of n continuous continen
tal lallioad. Yestciday the Committee
on Jinihoiids reported to the Congress
n plan, looking toward the construction
of such a load.
What is proposed is a railroad system
that shall connect nil the countries and
the chief cities of Nbitb, Central and
South America, existing lines, of course,
to bo utilized where possible. By
mentis of such n system speedy com
munication will bo established between
all paits of tho Western worid, fast
mails will bo dispatched and the prompt
delivciy of quick ficights will make
multiplied purchases and tho inter
change of commodities ensy and con
venient. The plan of the International com
mittee provides for tho appointment of
a Commission of Engineers, each coun
try having a delegate in the Congress
to be icpreseutcd by tluco of them.
This mixed commission, when ap
pointed, will meet in this city to de
termine the best routes, their respect
ive cot and their special advantages.
As soon as the feasibility of the enter
prise has been demonstrated and one
loutc has been agreed upon, proposals
for construction are to bo invited, and,
with the consent of tho respective gov
ernments, tho work of building will
The Three Americas' Congress has
been regtuded in several quaiters as
being to it great extent a sentimental
conference, capable of no practical
suggestion and likely to lead to no sub
stantial result, liut if it should be tho
means of successfully launching so
gu'iituud compiehenslve nn enterprise
us this Continuous Continental Hail
ipnri scheme foems to bo, the estimate
nt which tho Congiess has been held
in many minds will be greatly changed.
If tills meeting of tho representa
tives of all the American lepubllcs
should succeed in agreeing upon a
common silver coinnge, receivable and
inteichangeablo everywhere on tho
American continent, should reach iv
good understanding in regard to bank
ing and direct exchange, aud should
take tho (list steps leading to tho con
struction of a great connecting railroad
by which tho Threo-Aniciicas would
have fast malls, quick freights and
.speedy intercommunication, it would
do much more than create scutlmcnts
of mutual appreciation, friendship and
good will it would supply pracllcnl
methods for tho inciease of commerce
and produco conditions most favora
ble to tho growth of a trado which
might prove of benefit to far-separated
Whether tho injustice nnd unwisdom
of our tariff will frustinto all tho wlso
conclusions and all the sagacious pro
jects which tho Congress may form
cannot now bo fully known, but oven
if they should, it Is right to glvo tho
great Conference ciedlt for full in
formation, clear views, practical sug
gestions and genuine zeal for tho gen
eral good of all tho American nations,
Now thvt tub Woman's Suftrago Con
vention has adjourned and tho esteemed
delegates have resumed their regular ways
of life, tho free and independent voters ot
this glorious laud will once more begin
taking oil their boots on tho front door
steps and devoting tlielr remaining energies
to gelling into tho house without making
nolso enough to wake anybody.
1'jiom'ssiiu hn.nwN, the eminent scien
tist, Is suld to be so badly broken down in
health that he must go to tlio Hot Springs.
The Professor has not been really well since
, he euduicd the exposures mcldeut to those
scientific studies which he p-irsiicd In Mis
sissippi soino time ago, when Professor Sul
livan went with trim and showed hlin wlicro
all tlio stars nnd comets arc.
Iv iinp or ins lectures licforo tlio law
class of Columbian University Justice llar
Inn rcmaikcd Hint, Owing to vacancies
on tlio Supremo bench, tho Impottnnt legal
illftlcuHlcs connected with the liquor traffic
had not jet been acted upon, but said he,
"Tlio wliliky question will bo decided as
coon as the court is full."
D TiiFiin i:vr.H was any doubt as to tho
real superiority of Indiana It Is dispelled by
the Knowledge dial ono Ilooslcr woman tins
been nine times a brldo and eight times dl-
orced. As fho Is only -10 yeats old there's
plenty of tlmo for licr to Impiovo licr pres
tnticcord, m
Ocm:i:ai. Woi.snixv Is criticised for
certain magazine articles in which ho (Its
ciiBfcd the English Army. Ho is accusod
of having Infringed on military regula
tion?. Hoceitalnly never "infringed" on
tho cncinj-.
Titr.nn is v ciivnci: Mint tlio noted aud
notorious l'lack divorce ease may bo fet
tled and disappear from public view. It Is
to bo hoped, in tlio namooC common de
cency, that It will.
Tun Fiicxcii Scnati: Is determined on
protecting officials from llbol. Doubtloss
that distinguished body believes that tho
greater the truth tho greater tho libel.
.IriKHNfi rno.M Tin: confident smiles and
winks at tlio three headquarters, last night,
tho World's l:alr will go to Chicago and
New York and Washington.
The Amehicax ri.Ao was not itoated
o cr tlio City I'ostofllco yesterday. This Is
another reason why wo should have a new
PostoOlco building.
Glncil Giccly's cold wave got along at
last an' mo an' tho old woman found it
comforlablo to sit closo to tlio Are last oven
in', 6ho a-toeln' out a sock an' mo a-ieadln'
of Tun CniTic.
Blmeby my eye lit on a paragraph In Mr.
U. H. Waincr's letter 'bout tho tax assess.
meut troubles, an' I i ead it, out to the old
"I said to your ropotter that tho picturing
of frauds cither of a nublio or private
character, was In my opinion, damaging to
our city."
"There," says I, "them's my sentiments.
If that 'tarual CniTio keens on exposing
tho fact that tho poor people havo to pay
most o' the taxes hero in the District while
the bic, rich men git oft pretty near scot
ficc, it'll do our city no end 'b mischief."
"Hut ain't it true, Jason?" says the old
woman. "Don't tho poor folks havo to pay
a sight more In propottion than the rich
folks do?"
"Wral," suvs I, "what if it is true? It's
nothing to bo pioud of, au' we don't want
it blowcri all over the country.
"Why not?" sajs she, jest !Iko a woman.
Women never can see through things like
tho men.
"Waal," says 1, "s'pusln' our parson sh'd
It up in the pulpit an begin tell In' what
'tarual sinners tho members o' our church
aic! Wouldn't you say hu'd better n good
deal be tellin' what sinners tho members of
other churches are 'stead o' epo$ln' tlio
faults of his own?"
"No, I wouldn't," says she, soit o' red
dciiln' up.
"S'posln' lie sh'd p'lnt his finger at Dea
con Dobaon an' say: 'Deacon, you're the
man that's a stealln' lirotner BIgglns's
Wood. 1 seen you at it la6t night!"1
"Theu," says tho contrary old woman, "I
sh'd say that was the sort o' preachln' that's
likely to bring about reform."
Jest then Doc. IVhitcomb come In an' we
left the question to him. ,
"Waal," says the Doc, "1 don't know
much about preachln', but If I had a frog
felon on my thumb I wouldn't stick my
hand In my pocket an' try to fool mysolf
Into thinklu' I didn't have no felon. I'd
lance it. Maybe it'd hurt a littlo to cut
into It, but it'd euro tho felon; an' that's
what 1 beliovo lu doln'."
I wasn't just sure what tho Doc meant
by that flguro o' speech, but it 'pcarcd like
It soil o' pleased the old woman cou
sid'able. After the Doc. had gone wo got to golu'
at it nguln.
"I tell you," says I. "Worshfngtou can't
afford to have it git out to the world that
she's wicked. It'd spllo business here."
"As to that, I don't know," says she;
'but It 'pears to mo' Noo Yoik an' Chicago
has got along pretty tol'ablo well, an' they
ain't got rcppjtatlons for being any too
"But who'd come to Worshincton to buy
i cat estate if It sh'd git out that the poor
folks have to pay about all the taxes?"
" W'y tho rich folks, ot course," says she;
an' it sort o' seemed to mo that mebby I'd
better not say much moio in that direction.
While I was a-lookln' into tho fire, won
deitn' what tack I'd take next, tho old
woman hitched up In her chair and put her
kiiittln' In her lap, sayin', earnest like:
"Jason Boggs, you ain't got hold o'
nrither the moial end nor the business end
o' tills question, an' tho quicker you ac
knowledge it tho better you'll feel. It
there is something unfulr about the way tho
taxes in this Dccstrlct Is assessed, an' if tho
poor folks Is paylu' moro au' the rich
folks less than their share It It unfair
then tho best thing to do Is to tell the truth
ilht out about It au' have the thing cor
rected. That's tho only way to git rid of
Injustice. You can go around In a mealy
mouthed soit o' way till the cows come
homo an' it won't do a bit o' good, but the
way to stop a fraud of any kind Is to take
oft your gloves and attack Jes' like you
wasn't afecid of anything. You admit, an'
so does Mr. Warner, that there's been somo
tliln' unfair and unjust about tho way tho
taxes Is assessed here. You admit, an' so
docs Mr. Warner, that this has been goln'
on year after car while tho papers was
a-hecpiu' still about It (mebby somo ot 'era
had a good reason of their own for kocplii'
still). You admit that until Tun Cuitic
exposed this fraud there wasn't no likeli
hood of tho Injustleo being stoppejl. Now,
Jason Hoggs, you needn't sit there an' tell
mo that The Cuitic Is doing onr city any
Injury by lettln' daylight onto thls.wfcked
ness. I tell yon The Ciutic has done more
in a week to stop these evil practices than
you people that go about on tip
toe trying to keep tho facts from
the world would do fu your hull nateral
lifetimes. Pretty soon, when the mer
chants of Washington begin to see that or
dinary people aro goln' outside of the Dces
trlct to buy land an' buld thcr homes, au'
that tho unfairness o' tho taxes hero Is sim
ply buildlu' up a loto' suburbs Instead o'
keeplu' folks In Worshlugtou, you'll ugrco
with 'em that there ain't a point In the
hull controversy that don't prove that The
Ciutic Is doing tho very best thing not only
lu a moral way, but fu a business way, for
the city o' Wor6hbigton."
I never seen tho old woman roused right
up like this before. Sho Jes seemed to he
talklu' llko sho kuowed what she was
talklu' about, au' somehow It made mo feel
so sort o' uneasy like that I never said
another word, but jest setback an' thought
tho thing all over. I duuuo, after all, but
the old woman is moro 'n half right.
Leastwise, I ain't goln' to trytoargy the
case with her any more till I'vo had a talk
with Mr. Warner and got some better
argvinents thnn any o' them I'vo heerd yit
JifeOa floGi.1),
Tic alrot settled mcluiiflioly which per
vaded o cry corner of the Senate chamber
for tho past two weeks suddenly disap
peared Thursday, and Senators who havo
not sat in the chamber after 3 o'clock for
mauy dajs wcro again lu their seats.
Sinatoi Ulnlrwas directly lcsponiiblofor
tho departed gloominess. He brought It
In with hlin on lho6th Inst. It was packed
up tightly In a bundle of papers which
contained his speech on his pet Education
bill. Tlio Insltnt ho opened theso papers
to begin his speech, the doom rolled out
of them like the smoiio from the funnel of
ii locomotlvo It ovorsprcad the galleries
mid almost Instantly they wcro deserted.
By degrees It tilled tho chamber until It
pel varied every Inch of It. Of thosuou the
llodi- tho Senators were the first to be
affected by it; then the pages and attaches
came under Its Influence, and during the
dnys that Sciiator Blair spoko on tho
bill the chamber represented a deserted
theatre with tho Senator as an acior ic
hearsing his pat t.
Tlio Senator always begins his epoeeh pre
cisely at 'J o'clock. During the first day uf It
ho was listened to with attention. Tlio second
day's speech caused many of tho Senators
to leave tho chamber. On the third day
more left when ho commenced, nnd on tho
fourth, and during tho other dajs of his
speech, only a few of tho most patient
hcuators icinalncd during its delivery.
Tho add less was too much for even staid
old iieuator l'.vnrts. Senators Shermau nnd
(.'handler wero often so deenlv affected by
It astocauso them to hurriedly leave tho
chamber. Senator Hampton listened to tho
speech with patlenco for several days, but
finally he. too, followed his associates out
of the chamber.
It was ono of tho funniest sights Imagi
nable to see tho ciodus from the chamber
the Instant Senator Bjiitr commenced his
speech. One Senator after another left his
scat and stepped softly until outside. Tlio
leporters dcscitcd their gallery In a body,
and no matter how crowded the visitors'
galleries were they, too, were soon deserted.
Tho Senator evidently noticed tho startling
Impression his speech was making, for ho
cut It so that he was ablo to finish It two
days sooner than ho had expected to at
Tho address wasonoof tho longest ever
delivered. It took the Senator fifteen days
to go through it, aud those days were the
most trying that soino of the Senators had
ever experienced. Air. Blair, however,
seemed to bo In his clement wlrilo speaking,
and when ho concluded he sat down with
an air of satisfaction, and the listening Sen
ators looked uuuttcrablo thanks at him for
not continuing his 6pecch through the cn
tlio session, as many expected he would,
Judging from tlio pile of manuscript aud
notes he kept continually on tho dosk be
fore him.
AVIth tho last word of the Senator's
speech disappeared tho melancholy that
had como with it, aud now moio than
half a dozen Senators can be seen In the
chamber after 13 o'clock.
A wcaiy looking old man haunted the
corridors about the Senate all.day Friday,
When tho adjournment was taken, ho biU-ton-holed
a Northern Senator who seemed
to know him, and after a few minutes con
versation the latter dieW forth a bill and
some silver from his pocket and handed tho
greenback to the old man. Tho latter took
It, but continued to gazeat the silver lu the
Senator's hand.
"There is ouly ninety-five ccuts there,"
says the Scuator noticing the old man
gaze. "I have given you all tho money I
had but this, and I need at least tills much
to buy some lunch and to'pay my faro back
to the hotel.
The old man looked at the $10 bill which
had been given hlin, and then back at tho
silver In the Senator's hand, and said: "But
I need all the money I can get."
He ;:ot the silver nnd tho Senator went
without his lunch and walked back to his
9 a
Sho pointed to tho ease that had boon
erected as tho pedestal of a statuo on tho
green northwest of the Capitol until the
gaze of half a dozen otherfemalo compan
ions became riveted upon it. Theu, with a
majestic vvavo ot her hand, which caused
people coming down the Capitol steps to
stop and gaze at her, she said: "That littlo
towei" tho base Is about fifteen feet high
"iswherothoy pump wludluto tho base
ment ot the Capitol for tho poor men who
work there."
A dozen neonle w ho overheard her ex
planation snickered, and a bad young man
lemarkcd that If her explanation was true
it would not be n bad idea for 6omo of the
silent Congressmen and Senators to make
occasional visits to tho b.i6emeut In order
that they might Inflate their lungs with
enough wiud to make their voices heard at
least once during a session,
a e
Congressman Frank Lawler of Chicago
tells a good story about himself, which will
bear repetition. lie rushed into the lobby
on Friday, his faco beaming with pleasuro
and a large bundle of letters In his baud.
Tho first man ho met was The Chitio re
porter. "Well, I've cot them nulled at last." ho
said, between breaths. "Yes, 1'yo been
twenty years having it done, and now it Is
all over.
He was asked to explain himself.
"Don't you know about It ? 1 thought
everybody know It. Teeth, I moan, teeth.
I have been trying to get them pulled since
the Chicago lire iu 1871. When I first mado
tho attempt In Chicago tho dentist's twee
zers were on ono of my back tooth whon
tho firo broke out, and he abandoned tho
Job. Tho lire, toeetber with the frluht tho
dentist gave mc, cured me for awhile, but
the utiles returned, aud after tho lira I went
to another dentist. I sat back In tho chair,
but tho Doctor looked sick. In fact I re
marked It to him. lie said, 'Yes, 1 do feel
a tiillcuiiwcl), you had better postpone the
job until to-moirow.' That night tho den
tist died. Thisgavo mo another scare aud
my teeth didn't paiu mo again for fully a
year. When they did begin to Jump I pro
ceeded to another dentist. This time I
muuaged to have ono pulled, and "postponed
having the others pulled until the next day.
On the following day the dentist had sold
out his establishment on the 'quiet aud left
town. I let tho job go until 1 came to Wash
ington the first time and stepped Into an
office and had a new dentist begin on mo
again. After tugging awav nt a back tooth
for a while lio concluded that a larger pair
of piuccrs was necessary, and he left my
aching jaw lu that condition until he found
a larger pair of Irons. I said: 'You arc
new in business, are you not?'
"'Well, lather,' he answered. 'I worked
In the Public Printing Qfllcc, but found
that It didn't pay aud went Into the dentis
try business.'
"I lelt that fellow In short order, and
staited In tho last time with a (kst-class
dentist and now evelytlring Is air rtebt,"
nnd with a pleasant laugh the bialnyCon
gicssman and the poor man's lrlcnd hur
ried on to tell somebody else ot his good
One of tho familiar figures In the lobbies
Is a tall, nice-looking young gentleman,
with blue, good-uatured-looking eyes and
a drooping brown mustache, lie wears a
black derby hat and a dark chinchilla over
coat, always thrown open. Many people
have been attracted lately to this pleasant
looking gentleman and have asked who ho
Is. Ills name Is Thomas Sullivan, and lio
Is Congressman John Henry McCarthy's
private secretary. "Tom" is one of tho
most popular young men on Hie East Side
of New York City.
If Seuator Spoouer only knew what a
narrow escape he had from bciug pounced
on by half a dozen members ot a New
Y'ork labor delegation the other day he
would have probably got Into tho Senate
chamber faster than ho did at the tlmo.
The Senator bears a stiong resemblance to
Lewis Post, a Now York lawyer, who was a
prominent supporter of Heury George and
the labor party. If ho wcro to walk
through the streets of Now York ho would
probably moot dozens of people who would
mistake him for Post, His hair is ot the
same color and is worn In tho samo style as
tho lattcr's and both wear about tho same
stylo of clothing.
When the members of the labor delega
tion, who had been in the city fur several
days In tho Interest ol'a labor bill and wcro
vciy low In pocket, saw Spoouer just
about to cuter tho Senate, ono of
them mistook him for lVt, and a
consultation was immediately held as to
who should strike him for the needed cash.
AH were sure Bpooncr was Post, and just
as the one who had been delegated to ne
gotiate tho loan Martod to approach
Spooncr, tho latter entered the Senate
chamber. Ths single committeeman at
tempted to follow him, and It was only
after conshlciablc persuasion that thodoor
L,.ii. iiim ctnntipd hlin man.iL'L'rt to con
vince him and lil companions who had
gathered around that Spnoucr was not
Post Spooncr had a narrow escape.
& w
"Head tho bill over again." This sen
tence Is repeated probably more often by
Senator Ingalls than by any other man In
tho Senate. 11 Is not a lack ot attention
that causes tho Senator from Kansas to
mako this exclamation, but rather a ricslro
to thoroughly understand a bill, which tho
first reading docs not make quite clear.
Senator Ingalls Is ono of the most atten
tive uicu in tho Senate. Nothing escapes
him. Although seemingly deeply Inter
ested in the nerusal of some welebty docu
ment while an Important measure Is being
lead, he Is on his feet the Instant tho rie
bnto bedns. and his areument. whether In
favor or against tho measure, as tho case
may be, generally shows that ho Is fully
nwarc of what Is going on.
Seuator Ingalls sets as straight In his
chair as a school boy. Ills bock Is straight
up nnd down, Thcro aro no curves thero,
and wlrilo It would lnconvculouco one very
much to assume tho upright position that
ho does, whether walking or sitting, this
position seems as natural to him ns stoop
ing does to a bookworm. Tho Senator is
always one of the first to take his seat In
tho chamber. Immediately after the Sen
ate convenes ho commences to go through
tho Immense stack of documents that litter
Iris desk every morning. Tills work done,
ho offers whatever bills ho Is Interested In,
and then sets down ready to objector as
sent to tho other bills that aro presented.
No ono oversaw the ecntlcmr.n from Kan
sas smile, but this docs not say that hols
devoid of humor. Tlio Senator enjoys a
joke In his own quiet wny, ami everybody
knows It.
I don't want any moro letters sent hero
with tho lino at the bottom "Please correct
spelling." I can't be studying the diction
ary all the time.
A spiritualistic paper In Chicago Is
edited by a gentleman long deceased. If
subscribers don't pay Up he appears to
A correspondent asks us: "Would jou
say 'It was he whom I lent It to,' or 'It was
him whom I lent It to.'" I would not. I
would say. "I lent It to him."
How the women scaled thoSenatol Bock
declares "The do'lllslnlt. Senators ain't
frco n minute from the pcttlcoatcd bores."
And they surged around the portals, jost
ling those Imposing mortals, pi edging them
In silken barracks just outside the Senato
dooie. There they blarneyed them and
jawed them; there thoy lectured them aud
lawed them; there they blaudly overawed
them and explained to them tho plan
of the new Sixteenth Amendment, whoso
beginning and whoso cud meant to
arm every damo and daughter with
a ballot llko a mau. Susie Antique
Anthony took her aigument to Bella
Hooker, and old Mamie Walker shook her
11 bt at Maudcisou aud Junes, whllo tho
plaintive Lucy Black well, who cau lead to
tho attack well, made the IIh.11 of Justice
totter with tho thunder of her tones. Mi.
Colby said: "We'll stand till the derlrive
jibes of lhiudall; why, the game aiu'i
worth the Candle; let the opposition slide;"
and Olympla, Laura, Julia, Phoebe, Lllllo
and Cerulla. Mrs. Johns and Mis. Wal
lace, lu a fearful chorus, cried: "Walt till
our petition mingles with the oloquenco
of Ingalls, till his volco shall raise tho
shinnies, and our wall ot wild despair shall
move Sherman, Evarts, Morrill, Edmunds
to espouse our quarrel and (Here tho
foreman waves his arms and says wo must,
go to press, and seizes tho copy in the mid
dle of tho sentence. But I have said enough
to Indicate how the toad hops this month.
Evolution has overtaken the Connecti
cut hen. Everywhere Is found support for
tho beautiful hypothesis with which tho
name of Darwin has been linked, aud now
the Yankee hen has come forward to add
her silent testimony. It Is a Daubury
fowl. She has ceased to lay eggs of tho
tiresome ovoid pattern, and beguu to pro
duce an egg with a hollow stem at one end,
resembling an Irishman's clay pipo that has
been used about thteo years, Clipping oft
the upper end of this marvelous cig, we
havo a perfect pipe-bowl, of the usual size,
fiom tho bottom of which extends a stem
turning at a right angle, about the size of
a pipe-stem and au Inch and a half long.
Three have already been pioduced, and
thero Is no scientific reason why tho beauti
ful variation should not become permanent,
if the feathered architect Is properly ou
couraged. It Is well known that tho so
called freaks of natuie can bo perpetuated
by careful selection aud Interbreeding
llko Wallace's family of six-toed cats.
Now If Daubury cuu establish a new
breed of Meerschaum fowls, every female
of which cau be relied on to turn nut ono
good, strong, elegant pipe every day, with
a stem to it, it will assume a first Import
ance among manufacturing towns. Hat
ting will becomo subordinate to tho pipe
trjide. Montgomery Bailey can knock oft
vvoik, run for tho Lcglslatuie, nnd
"make of life a joyous holiday."
An extra ration of lime aud sllicifled
dough every morning would toughen the,
shells, and the pattern and texture could
be further improved by modifying tho dlot.
The pipes could bo beautifully decorated
by folding their parent on cieosoto, yellow
ochio and carmine A pipo Illuminated
with fantastic and gorgeous devices would
Immediately command a premium in the
market, for many valuable young men,
who now spend their evenings conferring a
delicate tingo upon their meerschaums,
would ho released for tho benefit of qullt
iug parties. By Intel breeding fowls that
produco eggs with tho longest stems,
stems of any length cau ultimately be at
tained, and there is no doubt that au egg
could be at last reached, having a long
flexible stem, a lid opening with hlnces
and a hook to hang It Up by. There is no
end to possibilities hero. The stem could
be grown solid and looped up on the sldo,
producing a dainty porcolaln cup of tho
Sevres variety. A hou that would produco
two dozen elegant and delicate china cups
every month, with a monogram or portrait
on the side, would bo a treasure. It Is not
necessary to follow up the hint. Tho
meerschaum hen Is the hen of the future,
and Congress might well mako a reasonable
appropriation for the encouragement of
Chickens, like two-edged swords, come
homo to roost. jpinclwiutl Times-Star.
If llfeweio but what lying tongues have
Basely asscitlug kindred with the clay
Iu soul and body; boasting of a day
To bring us nothingness when life has lied
Yet with the dreams ot hope that fondly
A glory and a halo rouud our way,
Then even then, 'twere better far to stay
In ead existence, than to slumber, dead,
life were such! But rouud us aud within
A loud denial says eternally,
"Life Is a pllgrlmago by which wo win
Strength In tho present, f uturo victory;
Gladness from sonow, pmity from sin,
And from our mortal, Immortality,"
- Aiihw L, Salmon,
On Friday the Secretary of tho Treasury
appointed Mr. J. L. Dawson of Pennsyl
vania as nn lusuectorof thu Treasury De
partment, with salary ot 1 a day and
traveling expenses.
Secretary of the Interior Noble delivered
au address at tho banquet given In Detroit
on Friday eight by tho Michigan Club.
This association Is a rival of tho cele
brated Farmers' Club of Pennsylvania
nnd has among its members Senators Mc
Millan and Stockbridgo ami other distin
guished agriculturalists.
Miss F. M. Hepburn of tho District of
Columbia was promoted on Monday fiom
tSOO to $1,000 per annum In tho ofllco of the
chief of the Signal Service
John J. Hell of (leorgia has been ap
pointed to a $1,000 clerkship In tho ofllco of
Ihc Snrgcon-ticncral.
News has been received hero ot thedoath
nt Detroit of Mr. D. V. Hell, ono ot tho
best-kuown officials of tho Treasury. Mr.
Bell was for many years Collector of Cus
toms at Detroit. lie was a frequent and
always welcome visitor here.
Mr. Tbaddcus 11. Slmonton of Maine was
appointed on Friday by Secretary Wlndom
as a special ngcutof tho Treasury Depart
ment, with salary of 50 per dlcm. He will
urobably bo located In sonfo ono of the
Now England States. Mr. Slmonton is
ntout CO vears old, but looks much
younger, lie Is of robust frame, ami has
had many years' experience in customs
business, having been deputy collector In
Maine. Up to the time of his appointment
he was actively engaged in real estate oper
ations and the practice of law In New
T ho Commissioner of Pensions last week
piomoted Ocorgo P. Meyer ot New York
aud John F. Caslow of Pennsylvania from
5-1,500 to $1,400 per annum.
. Joseph 11. Wilson of Toxas has received
an appointment to a '(000 clerkship iu the
Signal Bureau.
The Secretary of tho Treasury has ap
pointed Mr. Augustus S. IJryau ot Penn
sylvania torn $1,200 clerkship In his do
pal tment.
The proposition of the District Commis
sioners to tax boarding-houses has no hor
rors for Washington landladies, but is a
irigbtmaro for the boarders. Ono landlady,
who keeps a lioardlng-house where many
Department clerks icsidc, has Intimated
that she will Increase her prices when tho
new order goes Into effect. This means an
advance of not less than 55 u head per
mouth. Of course there will bo no neces
sity for sueh action, but tho landladies of
"Washington aro not unusually left when
thcro is a'chanco to Increase their receipts.
Tho friends of genial Sam McDonald ot
Ohio will be glad to welcomo him back in
Uncle Sam's service. IIo has just received
an appointment to a clerkship of the sec
ond class iu tho Ticasury.
The resignation of William S. Ballard of
New Yorlt, a clerk of tho $1,200 grado In
tho War Department, has beeu accepted.
8. J. Kubel of tho District ot Columbia
was appointed a few days ago to the posi
tion ot chief cneravcr In tho Geological
Survey, salary' $a,400.
The recent death of Mr. Wyeth Oenby of
Kentucky, a well and highly regarded clerk
in the Navy Department, has opened the
way for thu following promotions: D. C.
Mprilson ot Michigan, from $1,100 to $1,000,
In the Buicau of Equipment and Ilocruit-
ing; is. A. itoucncK oi jenusyivania, irom
$l,'.'00 to $1,400 lu tho snino bureau, aud
Miss M. I). llouth of New Ynik from $1,000
to 1-1,200 In the Secictaiy's ofllco.
Sir. James L. McGlono of Yliglulahas
leceived au appointment to a $000 clerkship
in the Bureau of tho G eologlc.il Survey.
- Privato secretaries aro very useful and
necessary adjuncts in public offices whero
there Is a largo amount of business. It is
part of their duties 'to open letters not per
sonal and thereby relieve principal officers
of much 'drudgery. A private secretary
should not, however, abuse 'his position by
using It to pay off personal 6coies. Friends
ot a caj able clerk iu one of tho Govern
ment offices havo been endeavoring for
some timo past to bring Iris merit to the at
tention of the proper person in his Depart
ment and without avail. Gentlemen who
have addressed letters to tho chief are in
dignant that no uotlco has been taken of
them and friendships of years standing aro
endangered In consequence. It has been
discovered that for some reason the privato
secretary In this case has conceived a dls-
llko for tho clerk, and the papers have been
quietly filed without havlug been brought
to tho attention of the chief. We havo
reason to believe that there are many In
stances of this character In tho Depart
ments, and It would seem that a reform Is
In older. Iu the particular case referred
to wo hope tho voting man, who, In other
respects, is au efficient sccietary, will take
the bint herein contained and rise above
personal spite, otherwise lio may havo
cause to regret his action.
On the recommendation ot tho Commis
sioner of tho General Land Office tho Secre
tary of tlio Treasury has appointed .Mr.
Charles W. Davis of Nebraska an examiner
jf laud claims, with salary of $2,000 per
Major C. C. Snlffcn ot New York, who
has beeu assigned temporarily to discharge
tlio duties of Paymaster-General, Is very
well-known here. He was formerly a clerk
In tho Treasury, and was detailed to the
Whito Houso during President Grant's
Administration. His ability anduuvarylug
courtesy mado for lriui many friends, and his
appointment as paymaster In the Army
was strongly recommended. President
Grant, who held Sniffcn Iu high esteem,
nominated him as paymaster just before tho
close of his second term. As is usual lu tho
case of now officers, Major Sniffeti was
given a post on tho confines ot civilization
immediately after Iris appointment. Grad
ually ho has moved northward and Iris last
official statiou was in Iris native State. Ho
is a mau ot great force ot chaiacter and Is
very methodical, a valtiablo trait- lu ono
who has the handling of large sums of
money, especially when it lielongs to the
Government. Those who know hlin best
predict that ho will make tho most efficient
head the Paymaster's Department has had.
C. M. Gilbert, ot Now York, and E. II.
Slmonds, ot Virginia, havo been promoted
iu the Interior Department; tho first named
from $1,200 to $1,400, and the last named
from $1,000 to $1,200.
After a satlsfactoiy piobatlouary term of
six months J. P. Jackson,' of Kentucky, has
received an absolute appointment' to a $900
clerkship lu the office of tho Secretary of
Treasurer Huston has promoted W. K
Busscll. ot Kansas, from 1,400 to $1,800
quite a boost, but a well earned one,
II. N. Gassaway of New York, one of the
veterans of the the public service, was pro
moted from $1,400 to $l,C0O In the office ot
the Sixth Auditor of the Treasury a few
days ago.
Tho Secrotary of War last week advanced
Mr. N. II. Stcveus of Marylaud, a clerk In
his Deportment, from $1,200 to $1,400 per
On the recommendation of the Cornells
kloner of Internal Revenue, Sir. T. II. Sy
phcrd of Virginia lias beeu promoted froui
$900 tq $1,200.
On Wednesday Hon Ulchard C. McCor
mlck visited the Treasury Department, ot
which ho was formerly Assistant Secretary.
Tho reception given to lrim by tho employes
of all grades must have beeu very gratify
ing to him. During Iris official term ho was
very popular and solely because ho was
considerate and square In his dealings with
the clerks. Probably no head of a Depart
ment over had more disagreeable duties to
perform, among others tho dismissal ot
nearly six hundred persons at una time,
owing to the failure ot Congress to pass
approprlaton bills, but such was the confi
dence placed Iu him as an Impartial man
that none of tho sufferers found
fault with him. There aro gentlemen lu
prominent positions lu ull the Departments
who would do well If they followed Gov
ernor McCormlck's oxamplo In tho matter
ofcomtcsy. It Is proper to say that the
official who now fills the position which
McCormlck held, Hou. George S. Batchcl
ler, is a mau of the same mould iu every
particular, and tho Inquiries made concern
ing hlin dm inc; bit recent Illness Is au ovi-
dence ot the regard entertained forhltn by
the thoutande of employes over whom ho
has control.
A number of Communications havo boon
received from clerks' In tho Departments
concerning a class which needs suppression
very badly. It la composed of men and
women wbote. chief delight seems to bo
found In the Circulation of rumors, moro
or less vile and untruthful, affecting thoso
vi lib whom they are cmployori, but who
will not eoclally affiliate with them. Per
fectly Innocent nets or remarks of ladles
nrc twisted to suit tho Intent ot theso peo
ple. Sometimes tho religious belief, or
want ot it. of the selected victim Is
tho point of attack. Again, It Is tho
political views, real or imaginary,
that Is charged against a man or
woman, aud that, too, by those whoso
views nrc always In exact accord with
whlchcvtr political party may bo lu power.
But by fnr tho most contcmptlblo method
of attack It In Insinuations affecting the
character of modest women, whoso neces
sities compel them to labor for a livelihood.
A few days ago n gentleman employed In
one of the Departments, lu walking to his
ofllco overtook a refined lady employed In
tho the snmo bureau. Ho happened to
have iu his hand a small bunch of vlulcU,
and, as they walked along, ho presented
them to her. A woman belonging to tho
snmo office saw them together, "and, by tho
tlmo she finished her description of tho
Incident, any one would suppose
she was witness ot an assigna
tion. To bo cither a lady or
f;entlcman seems au unpardonable offense
n the eyes of tho class referred to, whoso
existence is tho cattso ot tho unfavorable
opinion cntcrtnlncd by thoso unfamiliar
with tho character of tho greater portion of
the employes of tho Government. It would
be an excellent move on tho part of tho
heads of Departments to dlschargo tho gos
sips, male and female.
All of tho executlvo departments wore
closed yesterday to cnablo tho clerks to
honor the memory of Wnshlncton. This
they did by attending the theatres,
nntl other places of amnscment, as has
been the practice here for many years.
The proclamation ot Secretary Proctor
giantlng amnesty to deserters Is lu tho
Judgo Advocate-General's Office, wlicro tho
legijl aspects of tho subcct aro being con
sidered. A report from tho Fort Leaven
worth Military Prison shows that of tho
M0 prisoners nt that Institution 423 aro
sprvtng time for desertion. Tho Secretary
lias not jet decided to what dato amnesty
will be extended. It Is not Improbable thnt
all deserters prior to December 31, 18S9,
will be pardoned.
During the month of March three chap
lains will bo retired from active service.
Hcv. J. A. M. Latourctte, who was up-
pointed in lSft, and Is at present on leavo at
Hot Springs, Ark., retires ou March 23. Hov.
S. G. Dodd, who is ou duty In Moutana, re
tires the following day. Bcv. David Wil
son, who Is well known In this city, retlics
March 30. This will mako three vacancies,
for which there aro a large number of appli
cations on file at the War Department.
Tho opinion prevails at tho War Depart
ment, that Colonel Hodncy Smith will bo
appointed Paymaster-General. Sueh a se
lection by tho President wonld bo re
garded with satisfaction by the Army
and with something llko resignation
by tho other worthy candidates. Tlio
Secrttaiy ot War realizes that the ap
polutment of Mnor Carey would invite
criticism, with suggestions of nepotism,
even If that officer's claims are sustained
by tho loiurest service record. Colonel
'I errell's chances aro not promising. The
appointment of his brother to a diplomatic
position probably discharges a certain
amount of duty the President owes that
branch of his family. Secretary Proctor,
too, Is credited with reserving his influ
ence for Dr. Itaxtcr, who will probably
succeed tho Surgeon-General of the Army
on the retiicuient of General Mooro.
The fact that tho hill providing for an
-Assistant Secretary of War will receive the
signature of the President, has furnished
material for speculation at tho War Depart
ment regarding tho probable occupant of the
office. The salary Is $4,500 per year, aud
tho bill provides that It shall bo a clvllfau
appointment made by tho President. Mr.
F. C. Partude. Secretary Procter's private
secictnry, and Mr. John Tweedale, chief
clcik of tho Department, are among the
names suggested for the new ofllco.
Bear Admiral L. A. Kimbcrly is at the
Kbbitt House. He has had a long talk with
Sccietary Tracy regarding tho duty to which
he will bo assigned. IIo was Invited to ex
press a preference for duty, but declined,
as he did some vveoks ago, when Commo
dore Iliowu was ordered to command tho
Pacific Station. It Is likely that ho will bo
oidercd, to succeed Admiral Jouett, on tho
board of inspection, Admiral KImberly
has always had an objection to Indicating
his desires for duty, nnd his novel position
was mado the subject of a long letter to
Commodore Walker, then chief ot the
Buicau of Navigation, who wrote to lrim
after tho Samoan disaster regarding an
assignment nt home. Admiral KImberly
lives In Boston, and there has bcon some
talk of his succeeding Commodore
McCaun as commandant of tho Boston
Navy-Yard. Three of Admiral Ktmbcrly's
associates ou tho Pacific Station have been
asslgucd duty. Lieutenant K. M. G. Brown,
whose novel tactics of filling tho rigging
with men, cleared tho Trenton ot a reef ana
saved 450 lives, Is on duty In tho Judse Advocate-General's
Office at the Department.
Lieutenant II. O. Blttcnhouso, who was
Klmberly's flag lieutenant at Apia, will go
on duty at tho Naval Academy as head of
tho department of drawing. Lieutenant
G. A. Merrwau, who was Klmberly's sec
retpiy on the Pacific Station, is also ou duty
at Annapolis.
. "Has Congress yet decided where It will
hold the World's Fair?"
'In abeyance."
"Have you seen Mary aud her son ?"
"No; where?"
"Selling papers at tho comer ot F and
Fifteenth stieets every day."
I'.dltor Critic: Your good woik In oppos
ing the fraudulent practice of the late
Hoard of Assessors must eventually bear
tho fruit It deserves.
The duty of a government is to take caic
of all its citizens, and there should bo no
discrimination made, or If made, then it
ought to bo In the Interest of tho weaker or
pooicr member ot society.
When any part of the 'Government, and
particularly that part ot It that has tho
power ot assessing tho land values or prop
erty values of n stute, county or munici
pality, wilfully discriminates In lis valua
tion In favor ot land speculators or large
owners of real estate, to the dctrlmoutot
tho poor man, there Is every reason to bo
lleve that there Is fu his act somosoidld
Now. It Is but fair to suppose that no
man will bo dishonest iu Iris official posi
tion uulcsa he receives some consideration
for so acting, aud au Investigation Into the
matter will, 1 have no doubt, so prove.
Tho action ot tho different labor oiganl
zatlons will, I havo no doubt, bring about
some Investigation Into tho matter by the
District Committee of tho House, and you
will receive tho thanks ut tho public for
your action lu the matter. J, II. 11,
Washington, February 22.
X1CV J.lTTl.h ROY,
Nice Young Superintendent Now, chll
dien, I am much obliged to you for being
lio still and good while I have beeu address
Jute you. Is thero any nice little boy who
would lko to ask me uuy questions? That
little boy In tho infant clam seems anxious
to say something. What is it, my Uuo little
Fine Little Mun How much longer aro
you goln to shoot off ycr mouthr
Tho contract for the construction of gun
boats flvo and six has been formally
awarded to tho Hath Iron Works of Bath,
Mc. Tho Mooro Company of Ellzaboth, N.
J., did not enter a protest at Secretary
Tracy's artlon In this award, as was lull
mated In a local paper. It was the natural
legal course. On thu day followlug tho
opening of bids for the gun lio.its and the
practice vessels, tho Mooro pcoplo tclo
graphed tho Navy Department that they
wished to w Ithdraw the bids, The request
was preferred on the ground that they did
not possess tho requisite plant aud Wcro
unable to accept tho requirement s of the
oontrnct regarding inree nionuiv prepara
tion. Later n letter was received asking;
thnt the tcleuraphle request bo disregarded
aud that n contract be given the company
for tho construction of ouo of tho gun
boats. The Judgo Advocate-General de
cided that tho contract could not be divided
up lu this manner and that tho award of
the contracts for tho three vessels must lu,
mado to tho Mooro Company, or tho bids
rejected Tho company selected tho latter
alternative. They are preparing n plant at
Elizabeth and a board of Inspection has re
ported that they will soon be able to accept
the usual terms of contract. Tho opinion
of naval constructors Is that Iu pennltllne;
tho Moore peoplo to withdraw their bids
tho Secrtfcry saved thatcompany aeomldcr
ablo amount of money.
During tho coming week the Secretary
Will advertise for proposals for the 5,300
ton cruiser and tho stcol practice-vessel,
for which latter tho Moore Company was
tho only bidder. Modifications in tho
fittings Of tho practice-vessel will bo made)
so as to mako It posstblo to construct n
ship within tho appropriation. A now
circular regarding tho so-called 7,500-ton
cruiser will bo Issued this week. It has
been decided to construct this vessel after
tho typo of tho English cuilser Blake. A
delay was caused bv tlio Intention ot asking
Congress for additional appropriation ne
cessary in tho construction of a larger
vessel than was authorized. Tho vessel
will not bo as large as thu lllako, but will
bo increased from the 7,500 tons displace
ment specified in tho law to 8,150 tons. Tho
plans contemplate a vessel 3S0 feet In
length, CO feet beam and 23 fectdiaught.
The horse-power of tho engines Is phieed
at 15,500, whllo tho speed required will be
twenty knots. Tho vessel will bo known
as armored cruiser No. 2,
Tho report of tho semi-annual standing
of Naval Cadets shows ono deficiency caso
in tho Diet class, six In the second Class, flvo
In the third class and nine In the fourth
class. Tho doficlency cases aro as follows!
First class F. S. Rising, Nevada. Second
class Archibald Anton, New York, re
signed; W. W. Beck, Maryland; F. L.
Eaton, Michigan; E. D. ltynu, New York
W. T. Saunders, at laigo; Edward Tuckle,
Illinois. Third class-Johu f'urlett, Vir
ginia, resirjned; Leonerd Goodwin, Penn
sylvania, resigned; J. C. Kllbourne, Ohio,
resigned; R. B. Larkln, Virginia, resigned;
Randolph RIdgely, Georgia, lcslgued.
Fourth class C. A.- Andrews, Iowa, re
signed; J. It. Herryman, Ohio, resigned;
It. A. French, Florida, resigned; Gordolv
Hood, Alabama, rcslgnpd; J. U. Johnson,
jNortn Carolina, resigneu; u. a. i-anc, .Mis
souri, resigned: S. G. Latta, Tennessee, re
signed; C. F. Ncill, Texas, resigned; Edgar
Richmond, California, resigned
It is never too early to discuss the
chances of tho coniuilbilou to the
Navy of' Naval Cadets. There aro a
present seven vacancies In the line, thrco
In tho Marine Corps and ono In tho En
gineer Corps. There will bo Iu J uuo at
least thirteen vacancies, not I lcludlug
piobablo casualties, which will bring thu
number ot vacancies awaitiug the cadets
to that of last year twenty-four. Thu
two vacancies which will occur by June 'M
In tho Marino Corps will bo caused by tho
resignations of Lieutenants Carroll Mercer
and C. II. Lauchhcimcr. Both of theso
officers aro on leave at present. Lieutenant
Lauchhtimcr's resignation takes effect May
1. He will engage In the wholesale cloth
ing business in Baltimore. Lieutenant
Mercer's resignation takes effect June 30.
Some idea of the popularity of Washing
ton among naval officers as a place ot rcsl
denco may be gained by a glance at the re
tired list. Among the number who havo
completed their actlvo service aud mado
homes In this city arc ouo vice admiral,
twcnty-slx rear admirals, three commo
dores, ono captain, two commanders, four
lieutenant-commanders, one lieutenant,
ono lieutenant of the junior grade, two en
signs, four medical directors, one medical
inspector, flvo pay directors, ono pay In
spector, three paymasters, ouo assistant
paymaster, three chief engineers, two
passed assistant engineers, two professors
of mathematics, threo naval constructors,
one civil engineer, two boatswains and two
gunners. Among retired officers of tho
Marino Corps thero aro on tho retired list
one major, ono captain and one first lieu
tenant who live in this city.
Eusign Hugh Rodman of the Hydro
graphic Office has been sent to Newfound
land, with headquarters at St. Johns, to
study the lco movements in the North At
lantic. Tho Ilydroarnphlc Office has beeu
stiidj Ing since 1SS2 tho movements of too
with a vlow to predicting tlio probable
drift of Ice each month. Each vessel en
countering Ice lias been In the habit of re
porting the circumstance to tho office and
a monthly publ!catlon,edltcd by Lieutenant
II. M. Witzel of the Navy, appears with a
record of the extent, position and direction
of the Ice. From the reports received this
year It Is shown that there Is an uuusally
caily and heavy movement of Ice eastward
aud westward ot Newfoundland. Durliur
Januarvjovcra month oarllerthan any data
hitherto recorded as a tlmo for Ice move
ments, thero were received eighty seven
reports of encounters with bergs ami
ice fields. So far this month there
has been sixty-one reports ot such
experiences. This condition of at
falis has never been known to exist bo
fore nnd has rendered difficult the work or
i ollablo prophecy. Tho Hvdrographlc Ot
fico has issued a form of report to bo used
by masters of veeselsln their returns re
garding ice. Tho reports received this
season exhibit a large extent of Ice-fields,
Interspersed with bergs, which aro from ten
aud fifteen feet to COO and TOO feet lu
height. The bergs vary in length from n
few feet to half a mile, aud the lcc-fleldb
aro reported to bo in area, from small
patches of ono mile to masses of 100 miles.
The City of Exeter, a British steamer,
skirted an Ice-field for 174 miles last week
off tho banks of Newfoundland.
Tho reports sent lu oftentimes de
tail exciting experiences. One ves
sel was conflaed for four days
among treacherous Held Ice, that momen
tarily threatened to demolish the ship. Tho
provisions gavo out and tho possibilities of
starvation wero added to tho probability oC
destruction. Another vessel was impris
oned for thirty-six hours lu an Ice-field, aud
mere aro many instances reported oi ves
sels having tho copper torn off and minor
damages sustained. The present weok'ri
rcpoits aro less In number. Not because
less Ice has been encountered, but because
vessels nro coming further south to avoid
the experiences of tho last month. Last
week tho reports show that Ice was seen by
ouo vessel "in largo patches of about two
miles In wldth;"another vessel "skirted
tlio eastern edgo of a dangerous Ico-tleld
containing many bergs, 8 to 20 feet high,
aud Impoeslblo to detect at night;" another
sighted a berg 200 feet high; another "was
lu tho lco on the Graud Banks for six days-,"
tho LaGaEcogno passed several bergs, one
ISO feet high by 3,200 feet Jong, It la to
study these movements that Ensign Rod
man has been ordered to Newfoundland.
Ho will have tho co-opcratiou of tho whal
ing fleets, who will mako Arctic observa
tions. Ensign Rodman left ou tho IStlt
J'dltur Critic; Permit mo to offer my
congratulations to you for your courage Iu
attacking the present grossly unjust aud
Illegal assessment in the Dlstiict of Colum
b!u. Your expose Is true, Just and exai tly
what Is needed.
If tho new management of TiiuCihth'
continues In its present aggressive cour-.e
It will soon becomo the leading W ashing
ton paper. Yours very truly,
Ainin a N Bu wvr
February 22.

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