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SEWARD:— Gateway to the Land of Opportunity—The Hunters’ Paradise—The homesteaders’ Land of Promise
—-—-1 The Gateway Th*.o°«ray |4l|l£¥1m Kenal, Knik^Broad Pass Great Coal Fields of Gold Fields Matanuska I . J l--* - P1IBI.ISHED DAILY EXCEPT SUNDAY LARGEST ALASKAN CIRCULATION MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS _ _ _ —"V_"-— --“ --- “ # S i ~ SEWARD, THE GATEWAY TO ALASKA, SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 28. 1014._____Un Ccnia the Copy BATTLE STILL RAGING IN RUSSIAN POLAND RUSSIA REPORTS VICTORY AND ARMENIAN MASSACRE RUSSIAN STORIES VARY LONDON. Nov. 28.—While the newspaper reports from Petrograd claim that the Russian victory in north ern Poland is comparable with the disaster which the Rus sians inflicted on the great Napoleon the oft icial cummuni cations are more moderate. The Grand Duke Nicholas, commander in chief of the Russian armies, does not claim that an overwhelming defeat has been inflicted on the Germans. He says that the battle is progressing in favor of the Russians over the entire front between the Warthe and Vistula rivers but the very fact that he reports the battle to be still going on rather takes from the value of the reports that the Germans were decisively beaten. However, the feeling of optimism created by the news of the German repulse exists still and the greatest confidence is felt that the Germans can never reach Warsaw. Mili tary authorities are willing to grant that the Germans have been able as they were on the Aisne to recover quickly by splendid generalship but the general belief is that their advance on Warsaw cannot be again threaten ing his winter. London is now waiting eagerly the next dispatches from the eastern theater as all are fully aware of the tremendous importance of the battle in Poland. ARMENIAN MASSACRE BEGINS ODESSA, Nov. 28.—Following the posting of the proclamation of the holy war in Erzerum, Armenia, the Turkish inhabitants rose against the Christians and dem olished Armenian Christian clubs, churches, schools and various other sorts of buildings belonging to the Christian population. Four Christians were murdered in the public streets. The proclamation was posted throughout Turkish territory simultaneously with the posting in Constanti nople and the inhabitants of remote Turkish places like Erzerum are expected to take the inauguration of the holy war as a license to exterminate the hated people ot the Christian faith. MORE AUSTRIANS CAPTURED PETROGRAD, Nov. 28.—It is officially announced that our troops won important skirmishes in Galicia dur ing the past few days. Southwest of Cracow on Novem ber 26 the Russians routed the Austrian army taking seven thousand prisoners, thirty cannon and twenty machine guns. This battle was most important as the winning of it enabled our forces to advance beyond the line of the fortress whose investment is brought much nearer by the success. BOMBARDING GERMANS LONDON, Nov. 28.—According to all the news re ceived this morning from the western front quiet con tinues over most of the battle line in France and Flanders. The only report of any activity worth mentioning comes in a dispatch from Holland which says that the British fleet is again energetically bombarding the German posi tions on the Belgian coast. No assaults have been report ed and it is evidently the plan of the enemy to await the outcome of the battle against the Russians before renew ing the offensive movement towards the French coast. ONLY ONE ASSAULT PARIS, Nov. 28.—It is officially announced this morn ing that in Belgium the artillery exchanges continued yesterday but without any particular incident. The heavy German artillery showed less activity so that for the great body of both armies the day was one of compara tive rest and security. Only one attack of infantry was recorded for the day. This took place south of T pres but was repulsed by our troops after some severe fighting. The most remarkable occurrence noted was that our artil lery brought down a German bilplane with three aviators. One of the airmen was killed and two were captured after an almost miraculous escape. The plane as usual was taking observations and was flying at a great elevation but the experience gained by the gunners in shooting air ships has enabled them to acquire remarkable proficiency. In Champagne, it is reported, our heavy artillery inflicted serious losses on the artillery of the enemy and several of their guns are reported to have been destroyed. BRITISH POUR INTO FRANCE HAVRE, France, Nov. 28.—Directly following the speech of Lord Kitchener in London in which he stated that he had a million and a quarter of men ready to land in France there has been a steady stream of troops from England to Havre. So great is the flow of British troops into this country that as many as two hundred troop ships of all sizes have been lying outside this harbor at one time pouring forth thousands and thousands of men in khaki. The men are being sent across the channel as rapidly as berths can be found tor them in all kinds of ships. The troops are mostly territorials but are well seasoned after having been trained for some months in the British camps. Landing from the ships they form on the docks and then march through the streets and dis appear to heaven knows where. All the men seem to be in the highest spirits and whistle gaily as they march along. BRITISH SPY SHOT READING, England, Nov. 28—A lance corporal in the Hants regiment of Kitchener’s new army was sum marily shot yesterday as a spy. He was caught with let ters in his possession dealing with the movements of British troops and it was clearly shown that he was in the employ of the German general staff. This man was stationed at Codford and had shown such diligence in drill that he was promoted from a private quickly. This is the second man shot as a spy in England within a few weeks. The last one was a former German lieutenant named Lody who had lived in the United States for years. He was tried in London and, having been found guilty, was shot in the tower of London. He refused to the last to give in formation but it is becoming more and more evident that the Gentians are inaintaing a most complicated and thorough spy system in this country and no mercy need be expected by those caught from this time forward. TEUTONS LOSE HEAVILY LEMBERG, Galicia, Nov. 28—A semi-official an nouncement made today contains the assertion that in three days fighting around the places called Strykow and 1'ushin the Germans lost seventeen thousand men and a heavy battery of artillery as well as twenty eight machine guns. In the same fighting the Austrians lost sixteen thousand men and twenty machine guns. On the whole the German operations in those localities have been a total failure and Russian observers say that the Teutons have only a very slight chance of escaping further disaster, and a disaster that will be complete and overwhelming. There is no doubt here that the Germans have received a most serious repulse which undoubtedly promises to bring about the total collapse of the attempt to march on Warsaw STEAMING TO THE BATTLE MONTEVIDEO, Uruguay, Nov. 28.—A squadron of ten British warships has been sighted three hundred miles off this city and it is assumed that they are on the way around Cape Horn to the Pacific to engage the Ger man squadron of Admiral von S^ee which is still supposed to be waiting off the coast of Chile. IQUIQUE, Chile, Nov. 28—Four warships, nationality unknown, have been sighted off the North Chilean coast. These vessels may belong to the German squadron or may be British or Japanese vessels that are engaged in the search for them. Which ever they are it is plain that a big naval encounter may be looked for somewhere in the neighborhood of Chilean waters. The British cruiser Glasgow and the transport Otranto which were engaged in the battle against the Germans are reported to be safe but there is a fear that the British battleship Canopus which was on the way to reinforce the British squadron at the time of the battle has been lost. Not a word has ever again been heard about the Monmouth or the Good Hope I and it is now assumed that not a member of the crew of either was saved SEVEN TOWNS DESTROYED OSTEND Nov. 28.—Seven towns and one hundred and fifty farms near this city have been destroyed in the fighting which has been raging for some weeks. Hundreds ' of wounded Belgians and French soldiers are constantly i being brought into Ostend by the Germans and those who can stand the journey are being sent to Germany .The number of wounded Germans who die daily in the hospi tals in Ostend is about twelve. The wounded allies are well cared for by the Germans. RAILROAD REPORT NOT READY BETORE JANUARY WASHINGTON, Nov. 28.—That the report of the Alaska railroad en gineering commission will not be j ready oefore January is now well 1 I known here. The commission has opened its winter offices in the liureau of Mines building and the preparations for the issuing oi the report are progressing as fast as possible. Secretary of the Interior liune will make his annual report next week and it is expected that he will deal with matters relating to the con-. struction of the government railroad in Alaska but it is known thoroughly that in that report he will not make any definite recommendation as to the proposed route as the report of the commission will not have been in the hands of the president or the secre tary and a recommendation would be prenature. Much interest in being manifested in the coming report of Mr. Lane by Alaskans as it is surmised he will deal rather exhaustively with the railroad question and may outline what the government's intentions really are, now that ho has had a chance to discuss the whole matter with the members of the commission. SAYS WOMAN SUFFRAGE IS A STATE ISSUE. WASHINGTON, Nov. 28.—Presi dent Wilson reiterated the opinion to day that the question of Womans suf frage is a state issue entirely and is not one that could properly be made a federal issue. This is taken as an answer to the deputations of women who have been trying to prevail on the president to include some state ment regarding the matter in his message to congress. FAMOUS ITALIAN MAN OF AFFAIRS IS DEAL. HOME, Nov. 28.—Visconti Venosi, a famous statesman and formerly minister of foreign affairs, died here last night. It is not anticipated that his death will have any effect on the attitude of the government in relation to the war. MARIPOSA COMING. The Mariposa left Juneau at 6 o’clock this morning. VILLA'S FORCES ENTER IKE CITY OF MEXICO ELPASO. Nov. 27.—Part of Villa’s troops entered Mexico City this evening. This news was received late today after it had been pretty well understood that they were approach ing the capital. Villa himself is still at Tula, forty miles from the city and the troops that entered the capital were probably intended as an advance guard to make sure that the way was clear. Kail and wire communication with the capital was restored today. As far as the authorities in this neigh borhood have been informed the entry of the soldiers of the famous chieftain into the city was most peaceful and orderly and was marked by not the slightest attempt by the population to make a hostile exhibition. The chances are good on the contrary, that a tremendous demonstration of wel come will be vouchsafed the conqueror when ho makes his personal entry. ____________________ BRISTOL BAY CAST NEARLY 200 VOTES. Bristol Bay ciist 192 votes accord ing to A. H. Bradford who passed by on the Evans. He says that Bunnell probably got a majority there but he did not know the exact figures given 1 for any of the candidates. --- ABOUT 1200 POUNDS MAIL WAITING FOR THE TRAIL. j The amount of mail now in the Sew I ard post office for Iditarod, Susitna, I Knik and other places on the trail is ! about twelve hundred pounds. The ! amount to be taken each trip is 475 pounds and this amount will go next ; Monday. PRESIDENT IN WHITEHOUSE. WASHINGTON, Nov. 28.—Presi dent Wilson has returned from Massa ' chusetts after his Thanksgiving holi 1 day. NEW SCHOOL HOUSE NOT READY TILL NEW YEARS Oversight in Heating Arrangements Causes Delay as Stoves Must be Used. The new school building will not be ready for use by the children until New* Years. This is due chiefly to the fact that the installation of a heating apparatus was overlooked and no chimney was provided. It is found necessary to put in stoves but the school board is said to be insisting on having the building properly dried be fore the children are placed in the building. The stoves must also be tested with a view to discovering if they can sufficiently heat it. The school committee decided yesterday to take the blackboards out of the prim ary school to place them in the new building but the school board objected to their removal until the new place is ready as the use of the boards is necessary where they are . The school holidays will begin in about three weeks and as that time is believed to be necessary for the drying of the tructure it will be after New \cars before it is occupied. GUY WHITEHEAD PURCHASES DUNCAN STEWART LOTS. G. B. Whitehead has purchased the lots of Duncan Stewart in block one, six and twelve. Mr. Whitehead is also about to build a fine residence in Seward. ■ ■"■■■■ ■ ■ ..— CATHOLIC SERVICES SUNDAY NOV. 29. 8:30 a. m. confession and commun ion. 9:30 and not 10:30 Mass and # First Communion. 7:30 p. m. Rosary, Instruction and Benediction. HOW THE SPIES WORK IN WAR EXTRAORDINARY MEANS EM PLOYED BY GERMANS TO WATC H THE ENEMY. (By The Associated Press.) PARIS, Nov. 25.—“On coming out of a dirt road, descending from Ver dun," says an officer who is quoted in the Paris Midi, “I crossed a miserable creature leaning heavily on an oak stalf. lie limped along painfully as if ne were wounded and doffed a greasy nut in humble salute. I responded ab sentmindedly ami went on my way. “An hour later, a dull rattling as of the cracking of branches, ami bursting of a shell in a thicket beside the road, Drought us back to the realities of war, and at the same time to the w an dering vagabond.—the oniy creature who could have so soon and so accur ately posted the enemy on the position of my little detachment. We turned aside from this dangerous route ami oy a cross road reached the main road .eading to X-. “i continued to think of the vaga bond, who now' clearly appeared to my mind as one of those soft-mannered spies of whom we have seen so many in this war, who follow their tortuous way, seeking information as the men dicant seeks alms, faltering, insinua ting, scenting, listening, watching, then disappearing into some secret un derground route by which he bears his fruitful harvest to his chiefs, then coming back in the role of the con queror, serving as a guide to the in vader. “Suddenly, there before me appear ed the man, gliding out of the thicket^ He also had taken the roundabout way and after posting the German battery, had at once started on a new hunt for information. “I rushed upon him and he gave a start of surprise, then his greasy hand went to his eyes in the gesture of wip ing away tears. “ ‘Your papers/ I demanded. He produced a greasy bunch with here and there an illegible traco of writing on them, and with hero and there the clever imitation of an official vise. No safe conduct, no passport. “If he had no papers it was because the mayor had been shot, or the no tables of the town had fled. The vil lage existed no more; the children even had been shot. “ ‘Take him in charge.’ Two men on either side executed the order, then the spring of steel hidden beneath the rags of the vagabond shows itself. The man is upright, tall, robust, ag gressive, the eye flashing and tho voice defiant. “ ‘If you want to take me, you’ll have to bring a vehicle, for I’ll never walk/ Then he sees his mistake, his form bends again, his voice becomes humble and supplicating. Til go wherever you like, my good sir.' “Too late! No more doubt possible. The vehicle is despensed with—a stone wall at the entrance to a village is sufficient.” The funeral of Miss Miller has been postponed until the arrival of her brother who is coming on the Mari posa.