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SEWARD:—The Gateway to the Land of Opportunity—The Hunters’ Paradise—The Homesteaders’ Land of Promise
-----The Gateway The Gateway to the Kenai, Knik, Broad Pass Great Coal Fields of Gold pje|ds Matanuska l —" .-. (H i \TF1> PRKSS PUBLISHED DAILY EXCEPT SUNDAY l-AKOKST ALASKAN CIKCIT.ATION No| H N„ SEWARD, THE GATEWAY TO ALASKA, SATUBPAY, JANUARY 2. wir^____**'" C" |S ‘ GERMANS ATTACK THE ALLIES ALL BUT MATANUSKA AND BERING THROWN OPEN BRITISH FLAGSHIP BLOWN LIP IN ENGLISH CHANNEL BRITISH BATTLESHIP SUNK 1 LONDON, Jan. 1.—It is officially announced that the British battleship Formidable was sunk today in the Eng lish Channel by either a .nine or a submarine. The real truth will probably be knco n late r today. The Formd was of fifteen thousand tons displacement and carr a crew of seven hundred 5 '1 nfty men. Seventy on»f ir vivors we picktdup ' vvas &( mg * fiagshir,-J *-he chaniu. at the * hei desiruc'. ^ ihl able bel* ^t- ' *%rrin in wasi blow* »r *n 4 *nal d it an rs • * nsive! ... oeen in .uiies who were at mpelled to take a 9 • gi eater part of the .. ' . * : *; . V o German offensive is shown by today s statement by the French government which speaks of a series of night attacks against the al 1*''*"* * ' ” * * 4-V^OCC to be abaiKi ~turned. GERMANS ATTACK IN POLAND LONDON, Jan. 2.—The Germans are still attempting to press forward in Poland but this morning's official an nouncement contains no definite news of the results of this offensive. The Russians have driven the Austrians back sixty miles and Petrograd announces that the Rus sian troops are now pouring over the Carpathian mount ains into Hungary, causing the inhabitants to flee. Ac cording to all the accounts f’'“' VM-ogml the Austrians continue to lose men by the tnousauus •even the British people receive all such announcemen .»w with care as Russia has crossed the Carpathian mountains so ofter and has captured and killed so many Au fan® according to its own accounts that people are • o wonder that! Austria is left on the map at aii. ADMIT GERMAN GAINS LONDON, Jan. 2.—According to the official an nouncement this morning very little progress is being; made by the allies in the western war theater. The Ger- j mans are making sporadic renewals l the offensive with resultant slight gains in the \rr -ve, and Flanders.; These gains are passed in the pf-' ficial accounts but the very ... ass' made by the enemy has tend, the allies can assume the ode.. success. The Germans are shown ■ ; • but this strength indicates that they have . weakened the western army by .ne transie the east. The pressure exerted >\ fh< ..ii’' weeks has certainly not broken the Ge~ France and Flanders. Joffre is stiil a’-' tack. Except for tactics that aw enemy here and there the aim- ;. ymg a -vaiti < game pending the time when with .? assistance of forcements they can deliver a cone* Mated biew a strategic point. SAY KAISER VERY SICK LONDON, Jan. 2 .—Various reports concerning thej condition of the Kaiser’s throat are now being circulated. Some reports say that he will be compelled to return soon to Berlin to have an operation performed. The British people take consolation from the fact that he will have to go under surgeon’s knife with the full knowledge that a vast number of men are now being trained in Great Britain for dispatch to the front and that Germany must prepare for their entrance into the war. The new British troops will be the cream of the country while Germany, having sent its finest forces into battle at the outset, must depend for reinforcements on the men who are less fit. On the completion of the training of the new British army the allies are now placing their great hopes. TAFT iXH BTS FILIPINOS ABILITY TO GOVERN. ays it \\ ill Take More Than One Generation to i repare Them Fo* utonomy. WASHINGTON Jan. 2.—That it will take the Filipi 10s more than one generation and probably more than two to prepare the Filipinos for self government is the opinion of Ex-presi de* I aft who was examined today b t .he senate committee which is .idering the administration bill Ming for the ultimate indepen dence 01 i.ic Phillippine islands. “The Filipinos must acquire character be fore obtaining self government” said the former president. FIFTY FIVE HUNDRED MEN RESUME WORK. Southern Pacific Shops All Over West Resume Murk After Long Idle Period. SAN FAANCISCO, Jan. 2.—After months of idleness the Southern Paci ine closing. SAN FRANCISCO PAPERS INCREASE THEIR PRICES. The War Increased Circulation but Knocked Advertising into a Cocked Hat. SAN FRANCISCO, Jan. 2.—Two afternoon papers in this city increased their prices to two cents a copy here beginning the new year. The war in creased the circulation of the papers tremendously but injured the adver tising which enables the papers to be sold at their former cheap figures. The price of the white paper used in making newspapers has increased steadily since the outbreak of the war the increased circulation meant a loss instead of a gain because there was no increase in advertising to make up for the expense of getting the papers ovt. ' OTF ON WOMAN SUFFRAGE ON JANUARY TWELFTH. - '.The vote on "1 take „ 12th, .rrived at ns to be no f suit of the vote 'I there is a feeling , .e will be unfavorable to ' .sc of the women. I ’_ fc.N ‘ E STARTS DEBATE ON IMMIGRATION BILL. WASHINGTON, Jan. 2.—The sen ate began the debate on the immigra ri* .. . :U Several of the senators took the stand of the president that lit eracy is no guide by which to judge intending immigrants as illiteracy, they say, does net mean by any means that an immigrant is not worthy. The house is debating today the Indian ap propriation bill. PASSENGERS ON ALAMEDA. SEATTLE, Jan. 2.—The passengers on the Alameda for Seward are A. Rantio and Mrs. Rantio, H. Blake, Miss Walton and C. Hutton. ISSUES RULES FOR LEASING COAL FIELDS WILL NOT IB, OPEN UNTIL EVERYTHING IS READY. WASHINGTON, Jan. 1.—Secretary Lane has issued regulation* under which settlers may take for two year periods ten acre tracts of Alaska coal lands for local and domestic fuel needs. Secretary’ Lane has announced that on account of legal complications caused by existing claims and because of the fact that there are no settlers in the immediate vicinity of the Ber ing River and Matanuska coal fields those fields will not be opened for the present,that is, for a short time until matters arc straightened up. Consid eration is now being given » 1 u.':ng regulations to cover the g* *er ■ «•< ing of coal in Alaska. The*o regula tions will be issued as soon as practic able. CHRISTMAS MAIL FOR LATOUCHE WAS LOST. Small Boat Lowered by Alameda Swamped and C hristmas Messages v. the Bottom. i Just h**fe In a letter *.•! stated that Captain Warner ion a boat with the mail when he got near Latouche as he did not wish to delay unnecessarily to land it. The boat swamped and all that was recovered was one sack which was washed ashore. The mail is said to have been filled with Christmas presents etc., from Kodiak, Seward and other places. The Alameda left here two or three days before Christmas. BROTHER OF Wm. SAUERS DIES IN ABERDEEN. William Sauers has received the sad intelligence of the death of his brother, C. R. Sauers, which took place in Aberdeen, Washington, on the fifteenth of the present month. The deceased gentleman had been suffering for some time from cancer of the liver and his brother left Sew ard some time ago to visit him. He was a prominent business man in the town where ho passed away. ALASKA STEAMSHIP CO. INSTALLS OWN WIRELESS. SEATTLE, Jan. 2.—Owing to an increase in the wireless rates of the Marconi campany the Alaska Steam ship company will install its own wireless apparatus on its ships. The Alameda has already been equipped with a wireless apparatus by the com pany. OTTO HUBER DEAD. ROCKISLAND, III., Jan. 2.—Otto Huber the millionaire brewer died here today. He was 73 years of age. HONORS WOMAN. VIENNA, Dec. 31.—The Emperor, in encouragment of the efforts made by the women in behalf of the army, has bestowed the Cross of the Francis Joseph Order for the first time upon a woman, the wife of an Austrian lieutenant who displayed conspicious bravery by her husband’s side in the trenches. See us before sending outside ftK your job printing. ALASKA FIELD FORCE COMES — STARTS FOR JUNEAU WHICH WILL BE ITS HEAD QUARTERS. — SEATTLE, Jan. 2.—The Alaska field division of the general land of fice is now on the way to Juneau to i make that city its future headquarters ! according to the decision recently ar rived at by the department. Andrew I Christiansen, the chief of the division, ! sailed for Alaska last night with the records of the office. Nine men will be employed in the Juneau officos. That office will have charge of the Alaskan coal claims investigations. THE PANAMA CALIFORNIA EXPOSITION IS OPENED. SAN D1EG), Jan. 1.—The Panama California expoCiion was opened to the world la*t night at midnight by the pushing *f an electric bu in the wh;# by President Wi*son. The was formr y dedicateo this 'ii; ...ig by Secretary of the Treasury * „ loo, the president’s per sons1 n*«»e. * ■ t.i L a ..piiiidid r< *t | men on :\e\s • • > * •splendidly successful alluir. 'lriv,' .ie men say that the attendance was the largest for four years. The costumes were unusually fine an ! ir '.cresting and everything went s* ioothly and most pleasantly. The f^*emen desire to express their thanks to those who contributed to the success, especially those who gave prizes. The following are the p« ize winners: Best dressed character: Lady— 1st, Mrs. Nuzum, Turkish cotume; 2nd, Mrs. Cameron, dancing costume. Gent—1st, Hamilton Graef, Turkish costume; 2nd, Clinton Davis, toreador. Best sustained character: Lady—1st, Mrs. Taylor, Spanish dancer; 2nd, Elsie Baldwin, Spanish dancer. Gent—1st, Curtis Morford, Diogenes; 2nd, Alf. Taylor, “Uncle Tom.” Most comical character: Lady—1st, Mrs. Hopkins, colored woman; 2nd, Mrs. Philip J. Hickey, jr., colored woman. Gent—1st, Grant Carlson, South Sea islander. 2nd,—Mr. Bickford. “Fire.” Most original costume: Lady—1st, Mrs. Ray, Bat costum*; 2nd, Mrs. Walker, “1915.” Gent—1st* Chas. E. Martin, veteran European war; 2nd, C. L. Strathcona, “Nemo.” Female impersonator: 1st, Mr. Koontz, evening gown; 2nd, Guy Whitehead Dutch girl. Male impersonator: 1st, Mrs. Whitehaad, newsboy; 2nd, Mrs. Forgy, Korean gentleman. Judges, 'Messrs. Denny, Shaw and Culbertson. Under the rules adopted by the dance committee for the guidance of the judges, they were to consider in the matter of awards only such costumes as were made for the occa sion. Evening costumes or dress gowns and evening dress for gents were not to be considered. WATSON AND EVANS TO COME, j Agent Wayne Blue received word today that the Watson will leave on the 7th, and the Evans on the 15th. SOME COAL LANDS WERE OPENED EODAV WASHINGTON, Jan. 2.—Secretary Lane of the interior department to day signed the regulations by which the Alaska coal lands outside the ' coal fields of Matanuska and the Ber 1 ing River are apened in ten acre tracts ! to Alaskans. In the regulations the government has imposed no royalty or other charges so that those who mine the coal for local uses will have nothing to meet but the expenses of getting out the fuel. It is expected now that the opening of the Matanuska and Bering fields will be opened with out greater delay than is necessary for the proper adjustment of matters so that no complications may come by the leasing of the lands to private parties. No intimation has been given by the government authorities as to when the government itself will take steps for the operating of the fields for naval uses. LONDON REVIEWS THE WAR LONDON, Jan. 1.—The war and its results up to the present is being reviewed here today. This review states that at the close ot the fifth month the war finds Germany still in occupation of virtually the whole of Belgium, an important trac. of Frenh territory and a large slice of Poland. Nevertheless, it is announced, Germany seems to be unable to make further headway and the initiative now' appears to be in the hands of the allies. Recent Ger i man public uttcranc s to the effect that Germany is wag ! ing a defensive war to save her territory from invasion is accepted here as a direct admission that to battle on two fronts thousands of miles apart has caused an unan ticipated st'-ain on the German resources. The allies, how ever, recognize the fact that the task of recovering the territory seized by Germany is only a little less formid able than the undertaking of Germany when she found herself engaged in warfare against a multiplicity of en emies, her ie the postponement of the offensive movement of the all js until such time as they are able to put more men in ae field. Meanwhile each side is feeling the ct-.v- of the opposing side. The French are now exert ;reatest preasure on the extremities of the long 011 the channel to Alsace. SULTAN MAY LEAVE CAPITAL ATHENS, Jan. 2.—It is reported here that the Sultan of Turkey and his court are preparing to leave Constanti nople fearing the early fall of the city. It is not stated hov. this fall is to be brought about and much scepticism is expressed. On the Black sea the Turks are probably as sti ong as the Russians and it hardly seems likely that the !,ries can force the Dardanelles with their fleets. CO,> STANTINOPLE, Jan. 1.—The Austrian and Ger man embassies to this government are removing their archivto to Asia Minor from this city for saftey as they fear that action is imminent by the French and British fleets against Constantinople. POSTPONE EGYPTIAN ATTACK LONDON, Jan. 2—It is announced here that the Turkish invasion of Egypt has been postponed indefinite ly., This news comes from the most reliable sources and seems to be borne out by the latest movements of the Turk ish armies which have certainly made no advance towards the Suez canal. It is thought that instead of using a great force to invade Egypt, Turkey will use as strong a force as she can muster to draw some of the Russian strength from the Polish battlefields and so relieve the presure on the Germans and Austrians because it is be lieved that on the result of the battles in Europe proper will depend the fate of Egypt as well as most of Europe, Asia and Africa. GERMANS QUIT ST. GEORGES BERLIN, Jan. 1—The German military authorities announce that the idea of retaking the hamlet of St. Georges has been abandoned for the present because of the high water which prevails. The hamlet was captured from the Germans some days ago in a surprise attack and itis the only advantage to the allies that this government concedes. CHANCELLOR’S SON KILLED BERLIN, Jan. 1—The eldest son of the imperial chancellor of Germany, Bethmann Hollweg, has been kil led in battle in Poland. He was a junior officer in the guards and a young man of great promise who had dis tinguished himself during the present war. DUNKIRK BOMBARDED PARIS, Jan. 1.—The city of Dunkirk was bombarded again on Thursday by four German aeroplanes. During the bombardment scores of bombs were dropped and much damage was caused but the details have not been given out.