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SEWARD:—The Gateway to the Land of Opportunity—The Hunters’ Paradise—The Homesteaders’ Land of Promise
-*-- "1 The Gateway The Gateway to the t0 the. Kenai, Knik, Broad Pass Croat Coal Fields of Co(d pje|ds Matanuska L___. - niTin rourn ntnv VYPFPT SUNDAY LARGEST ALASKAN CIRCULATION M km m:i: %sgO< ivtki. press_-_ published daily EXCEPT Sunday v„, Nl, SEWARD, THE GATEWAY TO ALASKA. WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 6, 1915._____Ten U-..U .he Cop/ ROMANIA THREATENS WAR KITCHENER BREATHES CONFIDENCE TO LORDS RUSSIANS REPORT TURK DEEEAT GERMANSFALSO CLAIM VICTORIES >&< m REPORT TURKS DEFEAT LONDON, Jan. G.—Petrograd reports that the two Turkish army corps that had invaded Russian territory in Caucasia have been defeated. If this report is correct one of the corps was virtually annihilated and the other was captured entire. England regards this defeat, if it is true as stated, as removing all likelihood of a Turkish campaign against Egypt. It is also regarded as meaning that Russia need send no more troops to Caucasia by the weakening of the forces opposed to the Germans and Aus trians. As far as the invasion of Egypt is concerned it is believed that the Turks would have made the effort if they had not met the reverse reported from Petrograd today. A desert has to be crossed, however, by the Turks before they could reach the Egyptian border and this is probably what prevented an attempt at invasion up to the present. BERLIN CLAIMS VICTORIES BERLIN, Jan. G.—It is officially announced that the French trenches in the Argonne region have been occupied by the German troops and a position around which tre mendous fighting has been proceeding for months now remains in the possession of our forces. This is regarded as a big success here and as likely to have an important bearing on the ultimate result of the fighting in that quarter of France. This official announcement also con tains the report that the French have been driven once more from the position won by them near Cernay in up per Alsace. The German leaders in that part of the field say that the momentary success of the enemy at that point was due to an accident and that the German troops never had a doubt of the success of the effort to retake the lost ground. The fighting for the village of Steinbach is still proceeding and our troops expect to retake that place also today or tomorrow . In Poland the German troops have gained further successes. The general battle is not yet begun and both sides are probably now maneuvering for position. This battle will be fought all over the country between Lodz and Warsaw and on its result will probably depend the fate of that latter city. During the fighting yesterday the Germans were successful at every point and took fourteen hundred prisoners. ROUMANIA MAY FIGHT LONDON, Jan. 6.—British observers believe that Russia now intends to strike a heavy blow at Hungary. With the province of Bukowina occupied the time is ripe for an invasion of Transylvania, the eastern province of Hungary bordering on Roumania. Nearly three millions of the inhabitants of Transylvania are Roumanians and their aid would be most important to the Russians in the event of invasion. The allies seem to be fullv confident % that those people would unite with the Russians complete ly. In the meantime Roumania has ordered her reservists to hold themselves in readiness for service. The Rus sians have arranged things so that the Russian advance guard which is now situated along the Roumanian border is composed of men who speak the Roumanian language. These soldiers are being received with the greatest friend liness by the Roumanians and all things put together in dicate that Roumanian feeling is strongly in favor of the allied nations. RUSSIA LOOKS TO ROUMANIA PETROGRAD, Jan. 6.—In the Austrian province of Bukowina the Russians are meeting very little resistance. Friendly relations have been established between the Rus sian troops and the Roumanian frontier guards whom they have met on the Roumanian and Bukowina border. So friendly are the expressions of the Roumanians that Russia expects Roumania to enter the war very soon.oni the side of the allies. PARIS SAYS SO TOO PARIS, an. 6.—Dispatches say that developments of. the highest importance are imminent in Roumania. A: dozen French and British war correspondents departed for that country today full of the belief that it will enter j the war very soon on the side of Russia and the other allies. The aid of Roumania at the present time would be] a tower of strength as the country has a population of nearly six millions and can put an army of hundreds of thousands of soldiers in the field. Her geographical posi-! tion would enable her to throw her full force into the struggle at once. KITCHENER ADDRESSES LORDS LONDON, Jan. 6.—Lord Kitchener addressed the house of Lords today in a long speech in which he review ed the progress of the great war. He declared that dur ing December the allies progressed at various points but that the tide has ebbed and flowed with varying success. Despite the unfavorable weather the French made note worthy progress to the east of Rheims and in southern Alsace. The German aspirations in Poland, he declared, had suffered a severe check and he has confidence in the ability of the Russians to prevent the capture of Warsaw, lu his speech the commander in chief declared that one of the brightest spots in the whole story of the operations was the extraordinary achievements of the gallant Ser vians. He further said that the great advantage enjoyed by Germany on account of superior numbers and exten sive war preparations was diminishing while the allies were daily increasing their resources to enable them to prosecute the war to a triumphant end. The speech was well received and created, at least, the belief that the man who is regarded as Britain’s greatest soldier has confi dence in the ultimate result of the conflict. The house was filled to an unusual extent to hear the speech but many of the members are with the army at the front. Listeners outside of the members of the upper house in cluded the prime minister and several members of the cabinet. ANNIHILATE AUSTRIANS AGAIN PETROGRAD, Jan. 6.—The Austrian garrison of Przemysl made another sortie from the fortress yester day but the attempt resulted in failure and in the annihila tion of a whole Austrian force in one quarter of the field. The temperature around Przemysl at present is near zero so that the soldiers besieging are placed at a serious dis advantage. It is hoped here to hear the news of the fall of the place before very long but the Austrians are de fending it with extraordinary stubborness. The Russian forces are reported to be holding all their positions in Galicia with ease and to be advancing in some force through the Carpathian passes. The severe weather ham pers these advances to a great extent but it is hoped that the coming of the fine weather will be marked by a tre mendous advance into the Hungarian plains. BRITISH FLEET MAY ATTACK AMSTERDAM, Jan. 6.—Reports of North Sea skip pers and information from other sources indicate that the British fleet is contemplating the long expected at tempt to force the German fleets to come out and fight. The british people and newspapers have been for some time demanding more vigorous action but Admiral Jellicoe points out that, although he believes he can compel the Germans to a battle in the open sea, there is a possibility that the losses to the British fleets would be so great that Great Britain would fall to a low place amongst world naval powers. It is assumed here that when Germany enters the real naval war she will be prepared to use her Zeppelins in conjunction with her fleet so that the sooner the British forces them to battle the better. It was stated today by a skipper who has just brought his ship to the Dutch coast that the British big ships are now nearer to the German coast than at any previous time. REPORT ATTACK FAILS VIENNA, Jan. 6.—The official announcement made today here contains the information that the attack by the combined British and French warships on the Aus trian naval base at Pola has resulted in failure like the attack on Cattaro. The hostile fleets are said to be still in the waters near the southern coast of Austria but the bombardment is stopped. General Piotroko who command ed the Austrian army of invasion in Servia has been re lieved of his command after his failure to hold the terri tory which had been taken by the Austrian troops. The announcement also declares that the reported Russian invasion of Hungary was meant merely as a demonstra tion and has had no material result except that it has shown again the futility of the efforts of the enemy in that direction. The impossibility of the passage of the Car j pathian mountains at this time of the year by an invading ! force is something which the announcement tries to im I press the people with. SUBWAY PANIC IN NEW YORK TRAIN TAKES FIRE UNDER GROUND DURING MORNING’S RUSH HOUR. - 1 1 NEW YORK Jan .f>.—About a hundred persons were overcome by smoke, cut by flying glass, bruised and otherwise injured in a fire which broke out in a subway train this, morning at a time when the rush to the city was on and when the train: was crowded. The blaze broke out! when the train was near Broadway and Fifty fifth street. During the, panic and confusion the police report ed that twelve people had lost Ihoir lives but it has since been learned that j only one person met death. The en tire fire fighting force of Manhattan Island and every ambulance and pul motor were brought to the scene and the wildest excitement reigned while extraordinary stories gained cur rency. People who were in the train at the time of the occurrence say that a sight so weird and terrifying could not be conceived as the flames roared and glared under the ground and the imprisoned crowds struggled to es cape. OPEN SHOP FOR MINES IN STATE OF OHIO. CLEVELAND, Jan. 6.—The eastern Ohio coal mine operators have de cided to open the mines under the open shop system in ten days. A strike has been proceeding since April and since that time the strikers have been entirely idle. Preparations are being made to protect the mines from possible attack when they open under the new rule. NOT TORAISE BIG ARMY YET DANIELS AND GARRISON SAY MATTER WILL COME UP NEXT YEAR. WASHINGTON, Jan. 6.—Secre tf riee Daniels of the navy and Gar rison of the war department held a conference with congressional leaders today and decided that owing to the curtailment of tho nation's revenue this year it would oe inadvisable just yet to take steps for the increase of the strength of the army and navy Next year, they say, when congress considers the means of raising new' revenues in place of the stamp tax appropriations for national defense will be considered. The result of this conference and the decision arrived at is believed to mean the end of tho agitation which had been started for the increase of the fighting strength of the United State-. The matter is sure to come up again, how’ever after a time. EX-OFFICIALS IN LEGISLATURE. The election of Snow of Ruby to the local legislature adds one more to the long list of members who were formerly on the public payroll. Snow was deputy marshal at Ruby under; Love but was retired during that in- j cumbency. Moran was United States commissioner in the Kobuk. Coombs was clerk in the district office at Nome. Britt was city magistrate at Skagway and is consul for one of the Scandinavian countries at Juneau. jOBRCGON TO CITV WASHINGTON, Jan. 6.—General Obrogon reports that he captured the whole garrison when the city of Puebla fell into his hands and that his troops killed and wounded thou sands of the enemy. He announces that he will as soon as possible march to the attack of Mexico City itself and hopes to capture the capital and p « an end to the ambitions of an<_ government placed in office by Villa, Zapata and their friends. PRESIDENT GIVES SAME ANSWER TO WOMEN. WASHINGTON, Jan. 6.—A delega tion of one hundred women waited on President Wilson today to ask him for his aid in securing equal franchise rights for both sexes and he re iterated his opinion that the question is one for the states and not for the nation as a whole. He has given this answer several times but the deputa tions continue to come. The president received them always with great courtesy in spite of the annoyance which they muse cause. CAPTURED VESSELS SOLD AT AUCTION. Same Hammer Used that was Used in Sales After Crimean War. (By The Associated Press.) LONDON, Jan. 6.—Four German schooners, Else, Gerhard, Thedor and Bolivar captured as prizes have just been sold by order of the Marshal of the Admiralty. These are the first prize ships to be sold in London #ince the Crimean War, and the hammer used by the acutioneer is the same one used in the year 1855, when the last batch of prize ships were disposed of. It was afterwards presented to the Marshal of the Admiralty as a memento. A condition of the sale was that each purchaser had to sign a declara tion that he was not an alien enemy, that he was in no way associated with business carried on in enemies’ coun tries, and that he was not purchasing on behalf of any German, Austrian or Turkish subject, or company. There was brisk bidding throughout here and good prices were obtained but the chronometers of the ships came in for ruost attention and were sold separ ately. BRINGS SUIT WHEN MINE BLEW UP HIS SHIP. (By The Associated Press.) LONDON, Jan. 3.—A peculiar case was decided in the Grimsby countv in a claim brought under the workmen’s compensation act against the owners of the Grimsby trawler, Kilmarnock, by John Risdale, chief engineer of the vessel. The Kilmarnock left Grimsby on September 22nd, on a fishing expedition sighted some floating mines, and went in search of a warship to warn naval vessel In so doing, the Kilmarnock” struck a mine and blew up. The skipper and five men were killed, and John Risdale was so injured as to be totally incapacitated. It was urged by the ownero that Risdale could not recover compensa tion as his injuric3 were caused by the vessel striking the mine of an en emy at a time w’hen the vessel—by diverting its course to act as a mes senger to the navy—had ceased to follow its ordinary occupation. The i court upheld the defendant contention. ATTACK OT MEXICO VERA CRUZ, Jan. 6.—Obregon re ported today to the Carranza head quarters in this city that in the fall of Puebla General Angeles fell into his hands and is now a prisoner. Angeles was the chief advisor of Vil la and was a candidate for the presi dency. An epidemic of small pox has broken out here and is threatening to spread. TAKING STEPS TOR ROAD WORK COMMERCIAL CLUB WILL MEET TONIGHT TO ASK FOR AID The Commercial club will meet this evening at eight o’clock for the pur pose of asking for an allotment of money for the immediate improve ment of the trail between this city and the Iditarod. The amount of money required to make a vast im provement is very small and there is a hope that there may be enough left in the hands of the road commission to enable the work to be done immedi atly. Colonel Richardson will prob ably be communicated with at once. Even a couple of hundred of dollars would make an improvement that would save travellers from thousands of dollars worth of labor in travelling over the trail. Everyone who has come over has kicked and if they send back to their various camps in the interior the same report they have given out here, Seward may expect to have very little travel. This danger can be removed by a very little money and the commerical club wants every members to show up this evening ar.d to help in making strenuous efforts to have an allotment however small. It will be pointed out by the club that as the trail is now one of the great mail routes, it is deserving of serious attention. BUNNELL FOR FAIRBANKS AFTER CONFIRMATION New Judge Came to Alaska In 1900 to Teach School Near Kodiak. The Valdez Prospector siates that Judge Chas. E. Bunnell will leave for Fairbanks immediately after his con firmation in office. In speaking of his appointment the same paper says he came to Alaska in 1900 after graduating from the Bucknell university of Pennsylvania. He taught school at Wood island near Kodiak until 1903 until he went to Valdez to take charge of the local schools at that place. He resigned the professorship and entered the practise of law, building up a large practise. He also interested himself in the Cop per River Lumber company and the Valdez Sheet Metal Works and hns a large block of stock in both companies besides having large property inter ests in Valdez. The sailing of the Admiral Watson has been postponed from the eighth to the eleventh. She will go to Kodiak on this trip. All big game killing closed on Jan uary 1, Dr. Baughman reminds us. The close eason for birds begins on the first of March.