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The American issue. [volume] (Westerville, Ohio) 1912-19??, March 22, 1912, Image 11

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn2008060406/1912-03-22/ed-1/seq-11/

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For Patriotic Reasons
Effective in the fight against evils which menace
national life is the patriotic argument. An appeal to
personal pride of advantage, or to the benefit for section
or state often is lost on the individual addressed. But
there are few citizens whose ears are dull to the be
>eechment of those in authority for aid in times when
the nation is in danger. In all the world’s wars the
rulers have had but to point out the menacing circum
-tances and volunteers have rushed to national defense.
It is cause for world-wide rejoicing and it is a helpful
sign of the times that so many of those in high places
of authority have joined with preachers of righteous
ness and forces working for reformation in pointing
out the danger to national life and prosperity in the
-ale and use of intoxicants, harmful drugs, the corrup
tion at the ballot box and other perils.
In an address, recently the crown prince of
Sweden gave utterance to the following:
The temperance movement is one of the greatest of our
tune; a movement by which the people will gain self-reliance
and self-control. The final aim is nothing else than the
most complete possible liberation of our people from the
destructive effects of the use of alcohol. That nation which
is first to free itself from the injurious effects of alcohol
will thereby attain a marked advantage over other nations
m the amicable yet intensive struggle for existence.
Emperor Wilhelm, of Germany, has publicly
urged abstinence as an essential to national efficiency
and supremacy, declaring that in the next war victory
will lie with that nation which uses the smallest
amount of alcohol.
“The patriotic argument,” asserts Dr. W. F. Crafts,
secretary of the International Reform League, “has won
the greatest of moral crusades, that of China against
opium, where the chief cry has been, not that opium
injures individual health and happiness, and hurts
business, and increases crime and poverty and taxes,
but rather this: “Tkat China may be strong.”
France, also, Dr. Crafts points out, has adopted
the argument of patriotism in putting up official
posters warning the people because of the declining
birth rate of that dying nation, against alcoholism, as
the chief peril to be avoided.
Doctors After Clean Bill of Health
•‘The argument is used that if the soldier is allowed beer
in the canteen it will prevent him from going out to the low
saloons and drinking and then frequenting houses of assigna
tion, where we will contract venereal disease. This cannot
be established by logic. Alcohol lessens a man’s self-restraint.
It benumbs his higher sensibilities. It makes him more reck
less. Now, where is the restraining influence of the canteen?
I mean to say that the canteen is tl* recruiting office for the
<«aloon and bawrdy house just outs®B the camp. The young
man who has never known anylfctng about the saloon or
house of prostitution can get his first drink in the govern
ment canteen. His moral sensibilities are benumbed, his
baser appetites are stimulated and he will go outside that he
may “have a time.” He comes back into camp diseased for
life He never would have fallen but for the initial drink he
kiot in the canteen. I learned long ago that although “fig
ures won’t lie,” you can get almost any result with them you
want, and so it is with statistics, you can make them prove
anything. *****
I want to say I think the medical profession as a body
has been most shamefully disgraced by proclaiming to t'1
world that 279 of its membership have memorialized congress
to pass the Bartholdt bill. I think it is high time that we
who are opposed to it should do some memorializing and
express our indignation.”—W. A. Wiseman, M. D.. in Journal
of the American Medical Association.
It appears that the work of preparing the above
referred-to petition and securing the signatures there
was largely the work of one person. Some of the
signers assert their signatures to the petition were se
cured under a misapprehension as to its nature, and
have withdrawn their names from it. As is well
known, the medical profession is very largely opposed
to the use of alcoholic liquors either as beverages or
as remedial agents. Naturally enough, the doctor'
are unwilling to furnish character for the saloon gan^
or to lend aid to a liquor scheme.
The New Liquor Adjective
Your average liquor man is a hoary-headed master
in the art of deceiving the people. In a popular gov
ernment the liquor traffic could not exist for a day
if the people generally were fully aware of its diabol
ical character and deeds. To keep these from the peo
ple, is the great goal of the liquor trust. To accomplish
this, they employ all sorts of decoys, misleading catch
phrases and side issues. Their fundamental principle
of operation is, “You can fool all the people some of
the time.” When the people generally have discovered
the hypocrisy and falsity of a liquor scheme, it o
promptly dropped and a new and more plausible oik
is confidently installed in its place. For a while,
"personal liberty,” which every true American chei
ishes most highly, was dinged into our ears. Some
good people were deceived by this clamor for awhile
Now the majority of people are seeing that in the
liquor vocabulary, personal liberty means nothing
more than license to debauch one’s self. In thi
emergency, a new adjective is requisitioned and “tern
perate” personal liberty is, with much eclat, touted a>
the Moses to save the liqttor traffic from utter annihi
lation. If personal liberty must be “temperate,” it
ceases to be “personal” in the liquor sense of the word
and becomes social liberty, that is, individual action
is controlled not by the individual himself, but by the
ethical ideals of society. The people are rapidly com
ing to see through these ruses and misleading phrases
and refuse to be deceived by them any longer.
“Tn vain is a net spread in the sight of an old bird."
Drinking Among College Men
In an article in the Cleveland Plain Dealer by
President Charles F. Thwing, of the Western Reserve
University on the subject of the drinking of alcoholic
beverages among college men. that eminent educator
said:
The beginning of the college year emphasizes the significant
tact that the academic like the general community is becoming
more temperate in its use of liquors. * * * * Goethe and
Schiller are cited as saying that the work which they did under
the influence of stimulants, although at the time seemed to be
brilliant enough, are badly done. The movement in favor of
abstinence is certainly growing among German students. This
movement has the sanction of the Kai»er, as his wish for the
spread of abstinence or of temperance among all classes is
recognized.

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