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The American Issue
Illinois Edition Published Every Other Friday by the American Issue Publishing Co., for THE ANTI-SALOON LEAGUE OF ILLINOIS 12C0 Security Building, Chicago. ERNEST H. CHERRINOTON. Editor O. G. CHRISTGAU. Illinois Editor ~~ PUBLICATION OFFICE. WESTERVILLE. OHIO Illinois Office. 1200 Security Building, Chicago ( PRICE. Sl.t'lt PER YEAR Mjkr - li».-n|>tK.ns payable to tic Anti-S.A~m I .cogue o' j Illinois. 1200 Security lllilg., i hicago, Illinois. entered sr second-ctsss matter at the posmfSce at Westerville. Ohio, under the A.t « Match J. 187V. ___ ANTI-SALOON LEAGUE OF ILLINOIS Headquarters, 1200 Security Building. Chicago JTATE OFFICERS— 1’iesident. \v \V. Bennett, Rockford; \ ue Presidents, "ill R Otwetl, catlinville; John II. Lennon. Bloomington; Alfred 1. Uippt. Jacksonvillei Um Galeener, Carrollton. Secretary. Phillip Vario*, Chicago; Trcusuier. Thomas J. Bolger, Chicago. HEADQUARTERS COMMITTEE - Thomas J. Bolger, Chairman, Chicago: M I. Boynton. Secretaiv, t hicago; John R. t,olden, Decatur ; I liarles I . t olenun, t .mago M. Hauherg, Rock Island: A. J. S.togin, Lexington; George 11. Wilson. Quincy; Bishop Thomas Nicholson, Chicago; Judson D. Metagar, Moline. STATE SUPERINTENDENT l Scott McBride, Chicago. ASSISTANT TO THE STATE SUPERINTENDENT—Alice Odell. DISTRICT SUPERINTENDENTS—Northarn. i.rorge McGinnis. Chicago: Chicago, K. T. Davis, thicago; Eastern. II. II. Rood. Chicago. Western, G. W James Galesburg; Cen tral, Packet Shields, Springfield; Alton-East St. Louis, James 11. Dai.skin, Jacksonville., Southern, K. I McLaughlin, Garbondale. DEP.XKTM ENT SUPER!NTUNDENTS—* Headquarter*, Chicago) Scandinavian, I*red Kord<|ui»t; Legal, F. B. Ebbrrt; Woman's Department. Miv *• M- .'lathes. ANTI SALOON LEAGUE OF AMERICA NATIONAL OFFICER.*- President. Bishop Luther B. Wilson. ISO Fifth *'*.'.”**,. York City; General Superintendent. IV A Baker. Westerville. Ohio; *\SSYC’’^l,c. ' Superintendent, Howard li. Russell, D. D.; Treasurer, Foster lopelawl. Lag-, Columbus, umo. | NOTICE TO POSTMASTERS—All notices for change of address or discontinuance should b< addressed | erican lasu Ulin is Edition« 1200 Sacunta ..uig._ They Don't Like Landis The Belleville News-Democrat, commenting on the beer bear ing in the federal court, recalls a former experience of the law breaking wets with Judge Landis. It says: " 1 be cases are brought before Kenesaw Mountain Landis, the same Daniel who played smash in St. Louis a few years ago. Landis can be depended upon to see to it that Illinoisans get none of that seductive high power and high life. Milwaukee heer.” Several years ago Judge Landis held court at East St. Louis. He found that a great deal of the crime brought to his attention was caused by open saloons on Sunday. I he mayor and chief of police were asked to come into his courtroom and explain why the Illinois law on Sunday closing was not being enforced. Soon after the Sunday lid went on in East St. Louis. Somehow the wets don't like men who believe that the laws of the state and the nation should be obeyed, and have the courage to back up their convictions. Zion City and Good Citizenship “A scrap oi paper, that Webb-Kenyon law." said the Wiscon sin beer barons. "The invasion of Illinois and the violation oi her laws is a trade necessity.” said the Chicago saloonkeepers. So they mobilized their forces at the border line and under cwvcr of night advanced with their contraband cragoes into Illinois in 1 defiance of the law s of that great commonwealth in defiance of the j laws of the l.'nited States of America. So secretly and so swiftly did they come that no federal agents barred their wav and no state officials halted llveir. progress. "They shall not pass,” said a small group of alert and resolute patriots in the dim gray hours of the early morning. AND I lib.A DID NOT PASS. Thanks to the watchfulness and the valor of the volunteer officials of /ion City, the great beer drive toward Chicago was checked and the laws of the state and the nation upheld. A mere handful of conscientious citizens was all that stood in the way of the greatest liquor-law violating organization that the nation ever knew—but that handful stood firm. As a result haughty beer truck drivers, wealthy brewers and beer agents, and politicals powerful saloonkeepers learned for the first time in their lives that they must respect the law of the land. The story of how a few men at /ion City, by stopping truck loaded with beer, started the great drive against liquor law violators has gone around the world. It should inspire good citizens every where to do their part toward upholding the law. Are They Patriotic? By their comments on the L.andis hearing various wet news papers raise a question as to their patriotism. If a newspaper op poses a certain law it can advocate the repeal of that law by orderly process, as provided under our form of government, without being open to the charge of disloyalty. But when a newspaper encourages lawlessness by sympathizing with law-breakers it can scarcely be called patriotic. At one point in the hearing before him Judge Landis exclaimed, “You see disclosed here the thing that made this country go dry— utter disregard for law.” Rv their attitude toward law enforcement wet newspapers in the past did a great deal to give the American public its impression of the lawlessness of the liquor traffic. By their present attitude wet newspapers are helping to increase the severity of penalties by giving the impression that violators arc breaking Prohibition laws with deliberate criminal intent. What's the Matter With "Near" Beer? . Judge Landis asked dozens of saloonkeepers why they went to j the trouble, ran the risk, and assumed the extra expense of providing “real” beer for their customers. The same reason was given by practically all who answered. Summed up, their explanation was simply this: Selling “near” beer did not pay. Drinkers did not want "near" beer, but were willing to pay well for “real” beer. They did not drink enough “near” beer to pay a profit to the seller. This expert testimony by Chicago saloonkeepers, many of them in business for over 25 years, coincides with the theory advanced by The American Issue many months ago that beer drinkers want beer for the alcohol there is in it. and for nothing else. I his tes timony vindicates the state legislature and the national Congress in fixing the legal limit of alcohol in beverages at one-half ol 1 per cent. This testimony explains the desperate fight of the brewers to exempt beer up to 2.75 per cent alcoholic strength from the Prohi bition law. It is the alcohol in real beer that leads to an abnormal craving for more and more. The abnormal craving leads to excessive con sumption. This excessive consumption is profitable to the brewer and the bar man. But this excessive consumption causes the evils THE TIDE IS SURE TO WIN j Tor year' tin liquor interests of Chicago considered themselves superior ; to law Year after year local waxes of temperance sentiment heat in vain ! against the "shores of evil" and “reefs of sin" in this great city. But at last the rising tide of Prohibition, expressed in state ami national laws, triumphed. ] The scene in the Federal Court in Chicago when lawless liquor men. for- j tnerly considered above the law, were compelled to recognize the force of ! Prohibition with the people of a state and nation behind it, brought to mind . the following poem from the Outlook: On the far reef the breakers Kccoil in shattered foam. While still the sea behind them Urges its forces home; Its song of triumph surges O'er all the thunderous din. The wave may break in failure, But the tide is sure to win. The rc'cT is strong and cruel Upon its jagged wall One wave, a score, a hundred Broken and beaten fall; t Yet in defeat they conquer. The sea comes flooding in. Wave upon wave is routed. But the tide is sure to xxin. O mighty sea! Thv message In clanging spray is cast. Within Cod's plan of progress 11 matters not at last How wide the shores of evil lloxv strong the reefs of sin. The xvaves may be defeated, But the tide is sure to win. of insobriety which the National Prohibition law is intended to prevent. All arguments to the effect that 2.75 per cent beer is a harmless temperance beverage are knocked out by the saloonkeepers who testified that real beer affected their customers and their cash regis ters in the good old-fashioned xvay, while near beer was a failure. What America Can Give the King of Belgium America gladly welcomes kings. Americans are proud of their country. They are proud of their mountains and their plains, of their schools, their churches, their farms, and their factories. Americans arc proudest of their people and their government. Un ashamed they welcome visitors great or small who come to visit the United States. The King of Belgium is here to study America. He will find much to admire. America has many things that the king would gladly take back with him to his people, if lie could. But most of the things that Belgium could use are tou big to be moved or too precious to be spared. There is one great and valuable thing, however, that America can give without sacrifice, aud'tliat the king can take without diffi cult!. It is the idea of Prohibition. The great American plan of suppressing alcoholism by national iaxv it adapted bx- Belgium would benefit the people of that country more than anything else America could give. What Do'h the Po:r Mans Son inheritl ---- - There La.- bout tmwlt lamenting of late over the lot of the poor man who cannot afford to purchase a life-time store of alcoholic beverages. The latiienters are usually the men who have liquor for sale at a price that is prohibitive to the poor man. Nevertheless, many feel envious of flic rich man who can lmy enough to last him all his life and then leave to his son a cellarful of hard spirits. Any who have permitted this situation to arouse their sympathies for the poor will find comfort in the following lines by James Russell Lowell: Wliat dotli the poor man’s son inherit? A hardy frame and a hardier spirit; King of two hands lie dues his part, In every useful toil and art,— A heritage it seems to me, A king might wish to hold in fee. Now add to the above poetry the scientific truth that children of drinking parents inherit physical, mental and moral weaknesses, and you will shed tears fur the rich instead of the poor. MILK VS. LIQUOR (TheMjlk Magazine) It is not a case of "Ring out the old; ring in the new.” Milk is older than liquor, for that matter, ft was the Creator who ordained that milk should contain those elements tliat sustain life and protect health. It was man who put the "kick” in the long list of drinks that have been served over the bar. It is an insult to American manhood to say, as it has been said, that the enforcement of Prohibition wilt bring riot, revolution and ruin. Just because the lower instincts have, since the earliest days, been appealed to by the exhilaration that alcoholic beverages provide, there is no reason why its dis continuance should lead to national destruction. Catering to the brute appe tite in man with the frequent result of intoxication before it is half satisfied, does not suggest the higher instincts and the ideals toward which the world is supposed to be working. To those who cannot or do not want to understand, milk might seem a tame >ort of thing with which to replace liquor—but it is coming, and has been for a long time. Mill- bars in place of liquor bars; pasteurizing plants in place of breweries—and a better nourished, cleaner-thinking race; that is what the result will be. BLIND PIGS Of course we are bearing a great deal i: these days of blind pigs, and other secret storehouses of multitudinous drinks. And perhaps every time one of these caches of gin is unearthed, someone will cry out, “Prohibition does not prohibit!” lie loves to point out to you this mail or that as "brew ing his own beer.” He cites the hidden chemistry of one Bjoues, who spends the dead waste and middle of the night in his cellar distilling whisky. From such instances and incidents, some men venture to predict the glorious restoration of ‘.lie saloon, the bar-room carousal, the week's wages spent in one brutish night, the ladies' entrance, the knockout drops, the cor ruption of politics, the desolation of homes, the starving of children, and all the other sweet and charming tilings -yvliicl« the saloon brought to society! The men who make such predictions are blinder than the blind pigs. The saloon was always revolting, even to drinking men, even to saloon keepers and bartenders. And every phase of the liquor traffic now revealed is likewise revolting. The liquor forces were always charged with being supported by the law-breaking element. Today there is a continued attempt to carry on sonic kind of liquor business entirely outside the law. The liquor business today appears without any of the glamor of bright lights and pol ished glassware and priceless mirrors which made the barroom alluring. It i> nothing now but the buying and selling of poison, and everyone can see it in its naked hideousness.—Dearborn Independent. j * ENFORCING THE LAW (Chicago Daily News) Judge Landis believes that laws arc made to be enforced and so lie is making notable progress in bis policy of enforcing the federal law against the sale of intoxicating liquor. Judge | Gemmill of the Municipal Court of Chicago holds similar views. He fined! a saloonkeeper $200 and costs the other day and sentenced him to serve sixty days in the bouse of cor rection for selling intoxicating liquor. He also ordered the man’s saloon1 closed until a $5,000 bond should be given as guaranty that no more liq uor would be sold in it, illegally. Mucli is said about “the strong arm of the law.” Too little is said of the strong arm of indifference or sinister influence that prevent the enforce ment of law. . . . Regardless of whether the laws against the sale of intoxicating liquor are wise or desirable it may be said that beyond question the judges who enforce these laws honestly and fear lessly are the judges who teach re spect for law and therefore advance the cause of good order, good citizen ship and good government. JUDGE LANDIS IN ACTION (National Edition, American Issue) The manner in which Federal Judge Kencsaw Mountain Landis is going to the bottom of the Illinois beer smuggling case is cause for re joicing on the part of every law-abid ing citizen in the nation. The thorough manner in which be is conducting the investigation has thrown the booze ring of Chicago and the brewers of Milwaukee into a panic. WHEN LANDIS LANDS (Springfield Stale Register) Judge Landis lias started after the booze peddlers in Chicago, it goes without saying he'll put a lot of them behind bars that never have foot rails; which arc not horizontal but —-------—- - — perpendicular, and which are so close together that the men behind them can hardly get their noses through. THEIR FINISH (Waukegan Sun) It looks as though the beer run ners. encouraged before in the thought that they could get away with their loads, ought now to sit up and take notice and realize that the end has arrived. With Judge Landis so determined to go after these fel lows it is very apparent that their finish has been spelled. Judge Landis is one of those kind of jurists who gives out severe punishment and goes to the bottom of the thing. This is illustrated in the fact that he callety the brewers themselves before him ttj show why they have been selling beer. This in our way of thinking is the proper course. LANDIS GIVEN A KNOCK-OUT BLOW ’ . Under the above heading the Cham pion of Fair Play, official organ of the lirptor dealers, says: "The unique Judge Kenesaw Moun tain Landis received an uppercut at the hands of Brewer George Hoffman on Thursday last. F'or days his hon jor had been bluffing and bulldozing a lot of unfortunate dealers into con fusing to all kinds of doings, and | when standing on their constitutional rights casting them into dungeons j vile and throwing their objecting law yers out of court. . . . At last when I George Hoffman, the brewer, was [ called, the judge found his match and a man he couldn't bluff.” ; The Champion then relates how ^ Brewer Hoffman claimed that his fed-, cral tax receipt was a government li-J! cense, and concludes: “The judge said that it was merely a ‘tax receipt' and that the laws do ! not license a business that is contrary to state or federal law. Thank good ' ness there is a higher tribunal than that of the eccentric judge, who may think otherwise.” A WORD TO WOMEN OF LEGAL AGE (Good Housekeeping) If tlie Constitution did not cover the land New York city need never be thirsty. To the north it is but a step into Connecticut; to the west a five-minute ride by ferry or a two minute ride by tube brings the trav eler into New Jersey. these two states were among the three that re fused to ratify the Prohibition amend ment. That i, perfectly understand able and their right, but if and when they assume that they are immune from the provisions ot the amend ment they arc wrong and foolish. In i New Jersey one candidate for Gov | rrnor is running on a platform in I which opposition to Prohibition is one of the lead ng planks. I he acting | 1 Governor, a candidate for the regular | election, in announcing the principles j for which lie stands, made a state- j | ment that should he road and poll ! dered over iti every voting district in the iiat on. for the fact that Prohibi tion is a part of the law of the land is everywhere being juggled with by those who see in the unsettled senti ment concerning the rightness or wrongness of Prohibition a chance for political preferment for them selves. Said Governor Runyon: "No act of mine as Governor, tior any act of the Legislature during my term, can write out of the United States Constitution what has been written in it before tbe next Gov ernor of New Jersey takes bis oath of office. That oath will be, among other things, to support the Consti tulir.m of the United States. No am bition, no lure of office, however great, can cause me to take that oath with a mental reservation not to keep it. "The problem is one. not of Pro hibition or non-Proh'bition, but of re-pert for the fundamental law of the land. Our American governin'lit ran not permanently endure if tho.-e seeking power ami authority can ar quire it through promise, direct or implied, not to enforce the laws. It is certain that Federal agencies will take supervision and control of the enforcement of the constitutional amendment; but if there be any issue involved, and that issue be enforce ment of law, I will respect my oath * of office in this, as in all other mat ters.” The issue is clear cut. The man or party that seeks votes on a platform declaring opposition to Prohibition is offering to help tear down the Con stitution. We have, as a union of states, agreed to abide by the will of the majority. By the will of the majority the public sale of alcoholic beverages is a crime. To promise not to punish violations of this law is to pledge oneself to disregard one’s oath of office, to break the law of the whole land, which, in matters that have been declared, supersedes the law of the state. We commend this thought to the women of America, those who are soon to be voters as well as those who now exercise that right. Home Brewers Have Trouble With Recipes — They Get Results Not as Advertised One of our exchanges gives the following account of what happens to some who endeavor to make good the prediction of the wets that home brewing would follow Prohibition: "Obtaining a recipe that calls for a I quantity of water, hops, malt, sugar laud yeast, they set about putting a ‘hop’ in the mixture. But after the! entire mess is boiled for about an hour, strained into a large container, skimmed and fumed over for two or three days, a preparation results that j looks like varnish. It lias the odor, j too, of a rendering plant, and when ■ taken into the human system is apt ' to produce anything from ingrown j toenails to calamitous results. For ! instance if it sets too long the con-I i glomeration turns to vinegar; if it is | improperly boiled you get a perfectly ; good aggregate of slacked lime and | filth that can’t even be disposed of via the sink without leaving its smell ing mark for a week: or if it is stirred too strenuously while bottling and the bottle caps are not securely ap plied you wake up during the night to the tuneful melody of a barrage j sounding racket. Investigation proves J the caps on the bottles couldn’t stand the ‘hops’ in tlie mixture and that your garage, barn, kitchen, club room or cellar or wherever it is that you have the stuff looks like a ’tnovie’ scene in a pic fracas with ‘near-beer’ spattered all over the place.” * Prohibition Makes Many Homes Happy Complaints of Drunkenness Decrease in Chicago According to a recent report by the Juvenile Protective Association of Chicago, war Prohibition has had an unmistakably salutary effect on fam ily life. There was a marked diminu tion in complaints of drunkenness < from wives, and complaints of illegal sale to minors decreased 56 per cent. It is admitted that crime during the last months has been widespread, but tin’s is bel’eved the result of so cial and economic unrest rather than the dry legislation. The Cook county. III., Woman’s Christian Temperance Union held, its eighteenth annual convention Septem ber 25-26 in the First Methodist Epis copal church of Englewood, Chicago.