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. LONDON TIMES DISCUSSES
PHASES OF PROHIBITION Special Empire Edition of “Thun derer” Carries World News of Dry Movement PROHIBITION IS “NEWS” Attitude of Great English Daily Strikingly Shows Drift to Prohibition The London Daily Times of May 24, special Empire number, gives con siderable space to the Prohibition is sue. The following are excerpts and abridged statements from articles in this number dealing with this question. THE LIQUOR TRAFFIC OCCU PIES CONSIDERABLE THOUGT IN MANY ' COUNTRIES Liquor control in Canada “Liquor control in Canada becomes both a national and an international problem. The Canadian provinces have no power to prohibit manufac ture or export. There is a federal statute which prohibits importation into provinces which have adopted prohibitory legislation. "No federal measure prohibits ex port out of Canada. It has been held, however, that export companies must have bonded liquor warehouses, and that such warehouses must have licences from the Provincial Govern ments. In Ontario all licences have been refused, and thus many export companies organized along the border were forced out of business. “It is stated that in Western On tario there are 12 breweries and dis tilleries which sell direct to professed agents of American customers. "The Ontario Government is pass ing legislation to authorize seizure of liquor in transit and confiscation of the cargoes if satisfactory evidence of foreign ownership cannot be produced. It is claimed that there is no obliga tion t.pon Canadian shippers to respect the Volstead Act, and in many cases liquor shipments are taken to Cana dian custom houses, the stock in spected, and duty collected.A joint conference of represenattives of the ‘dry’ provinces is to be held at Ottawa shortly to consider what mea sures can be devised to restrict the illegal traffic and to demand necessary supporting legislation from the Fed eral Government.” The Dominion and Provincial auth orities are asking for concurrent legis lation requiring liquor for export to he properly described and also it is pro posed that the export of liquor from Canada to any "dry" country shall be prohibited by Federal enactment. "The Dominion Temperance Al liance has renewed the agitation for a federal measure of Prohibition...... but the situation is complicated by the action of Quebec and British Colum bia,” whp, by government dispensary systems are receiving an annual liq uor revenue of something over $1. 500,000 in British Columbia and prob ably $4,000,000 in Quebec. The artiple also states that there will probably be a call for a referen dum in Manitoba and Saskatchewan, brought about by the Moderation League, who are giving out in spite of newspaper reports that Prohibition cannot be enforced in Saskatchewan. African Drink Trade Scored by Mod * erator of the General Assembly of Free Church in Scotland Rev. Dr. Donald Fraser, presiding over the United Free Church Assem bly in Scotland, said: “that a friend told him that he saw in October at Accra in the Gold Coast, a steamer unload 25,000 cases of liquor exported from Leith. He and his little band of colleagues waited for men and women to help to hold for Christ this great field, but they waited in vain. Scot land was too busy making profit out of the damnation of West Africa— for drink in West Africa was no small evil, but a gigantic curse, which was ruining tribes, trade progress, and im mortal souls. There was no h#pe un less the Powers agreed to accept the original intention of the Brussels Act and prohibit the introduction and dis tribution of spirits of every kind, not only so-called trade spirits. South African Wines The correspondent from South Africa, after picturing in glowing : ■< terms the beautiful vineyards of the Cape, "protected from the south-west winds by majestic pale mauve moun tains, they face the indigo waters of the Indian Ocean" and seen from many points of vantage through the dark foliage or light-colored trunks of great firs and maples, goes on to say that while the Dutch farmers can make good wine they do not—“be cause it pays them better to disregard quality and concentrate on quantity.” He goes on to show how the farm ers make their wines by the addition of strong sulphuric solutions, making them into so-called sauternes, sherry, or even champagne by adding carbonic acid gas, spirit boiled grape juice and ' given out finally under whatever name they are called—a wine that will not keep from one season to the next. This giving the wines any name and using strong sulphuric solutions would be called the result of Prohibition, in the United States, but the correspond ent from South Africa sees in it only the greedy disregard by the liquor ■sj DRYS OF FRANCE ARE ATTACKING THE BOOZE TRAFFIC WITH CARTOONS THAT DRAW BLOOD - - “FOR GREAT EVILS, GREAT REMEDIES—” Aux grands maux, les grands rem&des Duma dc Poulbot. Lcs Etols-Unis, Ics Pays Scandinavcs, etc... a'yant interdit I’imporUlion du vin, Ic Goiivernemcnt, pour rcpondrc aux vosux dcs viliculteurs ct poussor u la consom mation dc la Boisson Nationale, a decide dc decorer tous Ics pojvrots. "The United States, the Scandinavian countries, etc., . . . having forbidden the importation of wine, the government, in order to answer the prayers of the viticulturists and to increase the consumption of the National Drink, has voted to decorate all drunkards.’’ Fraternite, with its motto “Our rights . . . but also our duties” an illustrated, anti-alcoholic paper of social and moral hygiene, edited for the French speaking countries of Belgium, Switzerland and France, published every month at No. 126 Grand Rue de la Guillotier, Lyon, for the meagre sum of three francs a year, prints the above cartoons for the months of March and May of this year. Fraternite says "we are not established alone to create an anti-alcoholic “UNIVERSAL SUFFRAGE —A FREE AND INTELLIGENT ELECTOR” Suffrage universel • In electeur fibre et conscient Dostui uc Viiuuoi .Moi je vole. Et Madame Curie lie vole pas! “I—I vote . . . and Madam Curie she does not vote.” sentiment hut also to render unpopular the agents of alcoholism, the wine shop, and those who sustain the system, the politicians.” The cartoons of this paper are particularly striking and show with con- 1 summate skill the social evils, the government encouragement, and the de- | basing results of the use of intoxicating liquors. To the accusation that these cartoons are not refined and delicate, but exaggerated pictures, Fra ternite replies, ‘'Our designs are exaggerated! . . . our paper is not for Duchesses but for the common people of whom we are one.” Fraternite believes that these exaggerated pictures are necessary in order to compel the attention of the skeptical, the ignorant and of opponents. trade of the natives in,South Africa to whom much of this wine is dis posed. New Zealand’s Mandate for Samoa New Zealand, in accepting the man date toi Samoa, has accepted it in the spirit indicated by the Honorable E. P. Lee, who said after visiting Samoa: ‘‘New Zealand has come into Samoa to govern the islands primarily in the interests of the Samoan people, and in doing so, it must naturally expect to incur the resentment of certain private interests. This hostility of trading and planting interests to Government and missionary activites is one of the out standing features of Facific history." The principal trouble which the New Zealand administration has had in its mandate carried on with the above principle in mind seems to have been with the white residents who are in terested in the liquor traffic. The New Zealand Parliament passed the Samoan Act in which Prohibition was con firmed for Samoa, while the Samoans say that New Zealand has banned liq uor for the islands while retaining it fof New Zealand. The Samoans do not seem to realize that the natives in King Country, New Zealand, have been subject to Prohibition in the in terest of the resident natives, and that white settlers and visitors in that area are compelled to obey the law. ✓ The Bahamas The report for the Bahama Islands states that "the colony has become a veritable rendezvous for Americans seeking relaxation from the Prohibi tion laws.The revenue obtained from large stocks of whisky and other alcoholic liquors imported into Nassau has enabled the Government to wipe out, in two years, a public debt of 170,000 pounds and at the same time to make provision for improvements that were long overdue. “The Grand Bahama, which is with in easy reach of Florida, is to be de veloped into a. great centre for Ameri can sportsmen. Hotels are to be erected, a race track laid out, and it is said that the company which has been formed to introduce various forms of sport in this section of the colony aims at creating a Monte Carlo in the West Indies. PHILA. C. OF C. FAVOR SALE OF WINE AND BEER Through a referendum vote among its members the Philadelphia Cham ber of Commerce has expressed itself in favor of congressional amendment of the Volstead law to permit the sale of light wines and beer, says the Philadelphia North American of June 18. According to resolution adopted a few weeks ago by the board of gov ernors of the Chamber a letter was sent to each member together with a ballot with two questions to be voted upon. The questions were: "Do you favor continuing the present re strictions upon the sale of light wines and beer?” and "Do you favor amend ing the law to permit the sale of light wines and beer?” To the first ques tion 22 per cent of the membership voted in the affirmative; 78 per cent cast affirmative votes on the second question. N. Y. TELEGRAPH CARRIES A. A. P. A. NULLIFICATION Ads. Said to Have Been Offered to Other N. Y. Papers, But Not Accepted DISHONESTY APPARENT' Tribune Refused to Accept Mat ter: Does Not Handle Liq uor Advertisements The New York Morning Telegraph seems to have a monopoly on the full i page advertisements run by the Asso ciation Against the Prohibition i Amendment. These advertisements j are preaching the policy of nullifica-! tion of the Eighteenth Amendment by congressional repeal of the Vol stead law. American Issue, New York edition, says that it has informa- j tion that these advertisements were offered to other newspapers of New] Cork City but were found inconsistent' with the advertising policy of those papers, and adds: "It is to the credit of the other news-, papers and their standards that they perceive the inherent dishonesty in the sort of advertising put out by the Association Against the Prohibition Amendment and decline to give their pages to the featuring of it. Regard less of whether it was purely business motives which governed the decisions of these newspapers or not the de cision they made is eloquent testi mony to the extent to which the liq uor traffic has passed from all favor able consideration on the part of the public even here and the extent to which the absence of liquor advertis ing has improved the market value of newspaper advertising space. The significance of this refusal on the part of New York City newspapers grows greater the more one thinks about it. The New York Tribune in its answer said: It has long been the Tribune's policy to refuse advertising of al coholic beverages. While this carrtpaign does not come under this head it does become involved with'tfic principle. : We do not be lieve that alcohol and business mix veil together. We believe in promoting the business welfare of the 'country to the extenV of our ability. “Very well said. There are a few ‘milfionarres' irt New York andj vicinity who ought quickly to get ashamed of themselves for backing a nullification campaign which New Vork1 City | newspapers do not seem willing to advertise.” ti: ‘ ‘ e . ‘ ‘ ; i _ Big Bootleggar Defense Fund Raised By Regular Levy on Dry . Lav/ Violators Prohibition Commissioner Haynes is said to he concerned over a reported i new discovery of a huge nation-wide liquor ring with a complete and de tailed organization. This ring's exist ence was officially reported by Di rector Rutter of California on June 17. He said it is well organized and makes a regular levy on law-breakers who are given in return protection against the government and local Pro- j hibition forces which are under a com plete surveillance system. An official statement from Prohibition headquart ers on Director Rutter’s report states: T h e organization employs counsel, detectives, and lias dues running from ten to fifty dollars a month based on the amount of business done. by members. Identity of the attorney, acting or directing head, and several of the detectives of the local association in Sacramento has been learned by the federal agents. AMERICAN SPEAKER PILLORIES MONSTROUS LIES CURRENT IN ENGLAND ABOUT U.S.PROB’N All Old Whoppers Used in America About Dry States Revised and Greatly 'Enlarged for English Consumption; Facts Permeate England _ ' 7 The booze publicity agents’ arguments against Prohibition are notoriously inconsistent. These booze publicity agents are either densely ignorant or else they are offering gratuitous insult to the intelligence of the public in the contradictory statements which they are issuing. The wonder is that reput able newspapers and magazines will print their silly stuff. Miss Ida A. Green who was associated with Pussyfoot Johnson iff the Scotland campaign, com piled a few of their contradictory statements which are herewith reproduced. ENGLISH LIQUOR PROPA GANDA 1. LIBERTY (a) We want Liberty. The Ameri can people have no liberty. They ; never voted on the question of Prohi bition; it was put over them by their millionaires. (b) We don't want Local Option, If the people have Local Option, THEY WILL VOTE OUT LIQUOR THE WAY THE AMERICANS DID, AS SOON AS THE AMERI CANS GOT LOCAL OPTION THEY BEGAN TO VOTE OUT THE LIQUOR SHOPS and they have kept at it ever since until they have voted the whole business out. 2. USELESS TO ATTEMPT to stop the evils of drinking. (a) In America where there is Pro hibition, there is more drinking than ever. You can get liquor everywhere in America. (b! In America, WHERE YOU ICAN’T GET ANY LIQUOR, every body takes drugs or some other ter rible substitute. 3. BUSINESS (a) Prohibition will put thousands of people out of business and destroy thousands of pounds invested in the trade. (h) We sell just as much liquor in America as ever, only at a higher i price. 4. EFFECT ON INDIVIDUALS : (a) It is only the physically weak.] the mentally weak, or the weak-willed who drink to excess and it doesn't; matter if they become diseased, insane,' criminal, a care and expense on the community. (b) Robert Burns, Edgar Allen Poe and many other men of brilliant j minds and fine physique have drank to excess. (They FAIL TO ADD that] many of these brilliant and wonderful men went TO AN EARLY GRAVE in poverty and disgrace.) 5. AMERICAN INTERFERENCE (a) WE DON’T WANT any Yan- J kees coming over here to tell'us what to do. Rise, Britons, and drive the I Temperance Fanatics from y6ur shores. (b) WE HAVE INVITED the] strongest speakers from America that money will buy to come over here and tell us what to do in order NOT TO HAVE PROHIBITION. Every liq-j uor dealer, wholesale or retail, should, exert every effort to get every cm- ] ployee and every friend he has to come and hear these Americans speak. Study your newspapers, Americans, and see how much of this same SILLY PROPAGANDA you find daily. CARLOAD BOTTLED WHISKY CAPTURED ON S. A. L. RY. — Federal Prohibition officers on June 17, captured a carload of bottled! whisky on the track of the Seaboard Air L;ne Railway, says a Savannah, Ga., Associated Press dispatch. The car was labelled potatoes and was to have been dispatched to Jersey City, N. J. It had about $20,000. worth of liquor in it with a few sacks of po tatoes. FR. BELFORD CANDIDATE FOR A. A. P. A. MEMBERSHIP The New York Tribune of June 18 1 says that Rev. John L. Belford, rector of the Catholic Church of the Nativ- j ity, New York, has applied for mem- j bership in the Association Against the j Prohibition Amendment. Belford j achieved considerable notoriety short-; ly after the eighteenth amendment was ratified,. I hibition law published in his church bulletin. DESTRUCTION OF 672 BBLS. BEER ORDERED BY COURT The destruction of 672yi barrels of beer by Federal Prohibition agents was authorized in an order signed by Judge Thompson and filed in United States district court, Pittsburg, June 19. The beer which wras seized by Prohibition agents while being trans ported in violation of the law is said to contain more than one-half of one per cent of alcohol. U. $. DRY WORKER TOURS S. AFRICA FOR TEMPERANCE Mrs. Knox Livingston, W. C. T. U. Leader, Speaks to Great Crowds in Capetown MANY ADDRESSES GIVEN Meetings Profoundly Impresi Auditors With Importance of Prohibition Mrs. Knox Livingston who is the world's superintendent of the depart nent oi suffrage of the W. C. T. U. ind now lives in Providence, R. I. is tow in the midst of a triumphant speaking tour of South Africa. Ac cording to newspaper accounts anil ’letters from Capetown, Mrs. Living iton is having large audiefices who isten to her with tremendous interest is she tells about Prohibition in the United States. Born in Glasgow of Scotch parents ihe came to America at the age of ten. she is a direct descendant from that^i ild Scotch African explorer, John Knox, and her husband is a relative sf David Livingston. As a girl she .vas a great friend of Frances E. Wil ard. the founder of the W. C. T. U. Mrs. Livingston has been telling ter audiences the truth about the com ng about of Prohibition in the United states. She also has been giving a history of the fight for Women's Suf frage in this country. She. has denied many of the erroneous reports which set abroad telling the people what the real situation is. She has had some jf the leading citizens of Capetown ind other places in South Africa at ler meetings and entertaining her. Introducing her at one. of her meet ngs was Brigadier-General Byron ivho stated that he came to hear her with open mind on the question of Prohibition. After hearing Mrs. Livingston, General Byron evidently was won over to the side of Prohibi tion from a neutral position. At her meeting in the City Hall in Capetown, the hall was packed, the at tendance being 1,250 by actual count. She went out to Stellenbosch, the hotbed of opposition and the student center of South Africa. She was the guest of Lord and Lady de Villiers and was variously occupied among the students and attending a great meet ing at night. Contrary to Our fears, of the drvs, there was no Opposition; she captivated everybody including a number of professors and other lead ers and received an ovation from the students. Mrs. Livingston's tour is divided into two classes. She began April 17 and the schedule calls for her to leave Capetown July 14 for England and the L’nited States. She will have given more than half a hundred addresses. One of her. best services was in the Metropolitan Wesleyan Church in South Africa which was packed to the doors. A number of Parliamentary and other distinguished persons were present and Mrs. Livingston kept them thrilled for three-quarters of an hour. It is the testimony of many who have heard her that she speaks with great effect for temperance reform in South Africa and for interest in the program of the World League Against Alcoholism in its campaign for world Prohibition. . The newspapers have been giving each of her meetings from a column to two columns ar.d all that is said is in nraisc of her. The Cape Argus says of her “Mrs. Livingston forms, as it were, a con necting link between the old and the new generations of womenwofkers. She was associated with many of the women pioneers of the past, among them being Frances E. Willard and Susan B. Anthony, while one of her closest friends is Mrs. Chapman Catt, whom very many will remember as one of the most eloquent women speakers we have ever had among us.” NEW YORK SENDS DRY LAW VIOLATORS TO THE TOMBS The New York Herald of June 18 announces that five men arrested on June 17 on a commitment charging conspiracy to violate the Volstead act and to defraud the United States out of collection of ljquor duties in con nection with the seizure of a truck containing whisky valued at $50,600, bootleg prices, were sent to the Tombs. That is better than a fine. If New York begins to send her boot leggers to prison the bootlegging pro fession will lose its charm for most of the crooks. PRIVATE DETECTIVE FAILS TO “PROTECT ’ IN PHILA. When the saloon of Louis Tempotit of Philadelphia wa.s raided by Pro hibition agents the surprised saloon keeper was heard to call a private de'-' tective agency on the telephone. The Philadelphia North American Says the following conversation was heard. “The Prohibition agents are at my place. Come and protect me.” Then there was a moment of silence, fol lowed by “What? Say, that is what I pay you for.” A quantity of whisky r conveniently bottled in half-pints was found concealed in clothing and va lises in the place, agents reported.