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The American Issue
Illinois Edition THE ANTI-SALOON LEAGUE OF ILLINOIS 1200 Security Building, Chicago. PUBLICATION OFFICE, WESTERVILLE. OHIO ■rrrr— ——r-a- - “~.»b-=ssc=-_st--------- -- ---— ERNEST H. CHKRRINGTON. Editor O. G. CHRISTGAU. Illinoia Editor lllino’a Office. 1200 Security Building. Chicago. PRK E $1.00 I*h K YEAR Make tnthiicrtpttonsk payable to the Anti Saloon League of Illinois. 1 .’00 Security Bldg., Chicago. Illinois f Entered second cla.-s matter at the i>ost office at Westerville, Ohio, under the Act ol March .t, 187". Notice to Postmasters Ml ] .mi ?•«■! ces fur thane » f l*lt« - "r .l «i ontiminr.rc and all tindeltverable paper* pertaining to the Illinois Edition of The American Issue should be addressed to the Illinois Editor, 1 ’00 Security 1’tiildipg. ( hicago, Illinois'. ANTI SALOON LEAGUE OF ILLINOIS Headquarters. 1200 Security Building, Chicago. STATE OFEIt I RS IVe-ident. \V \\ Bcmiett, Rockford. vice President. Will *5. Otwell. CarlinviMe; John B. Ecnnun, Bloomington; Alfred T. Lapps, JarkaottviUt; * b Cialeenw, iairullton; Sccictnrv, John R. t .olden, Decatur; Treasurer, Thomas J. Bulger, Chicago. HEADQUARTERS UOMMITTEI t barter » . ( oleman. Chairman. C hicago: M. V. Paynton, Secretary, Chicago; John R. Gulden, Decatur; John Rodin. Chicago; John II Hauberg, Rock Island: \ I Scrogir. I .exington : George II Wilson, Quincy; Bishop Tliofiwts Nicholroii. * hic.igo; l'h"v I Bol n, Chicago; \V W. Bennett. STATE SUPERINTENDENT I Sett MrPoide, Chirag" ASSISTANT To THE SI ATI SI PER I MEN DENT Alice t 'dell. DEPARTMENT ^SUPERINTENDENTS i Headquarters. Chicago) - (hicago La" Kn forcement, E. J Davis; Legal and lain Enforcement, Jo- 11. Cnlltet ; Literature and Pub licity, O ». t hristgau; Woman’s Department, Mm t* M. Mathes; Assist, Miss Margaret Wintringei. DISTRICT SUPERINTENDENTS North S.de (.Imago, « 1 Peterson South Side Chicago, J \ | ittle; \ortbvvr*-i Side ( h . i-* . \ II post -*outhw'‘«t Side Chicago. J. W. I angley; Northern Geo M«*Giimi’«, Chicago; Northeastern. II II. Rood, ( hicago; Eastern, N. K. Johnson, Springfield . Western. C \V. fame*, (iale^loirg; Central, < »eo. If. N tile, Springfield; Southern, I cu Howard, I . -t St. Leuis* ; E. E. McLaughlin, Asv>tnnt, l.n.-t St. Loti’s 1-1I.I.D SECRETARN — Elmei I . W illiams. ( h i i;.. Ill SIXF.SS MANAGER B. W*. Ew ng. Chicago. FIELD ATTORNEY— Jav 11 Dam-kin. FIELD WORKER ( . E Dowdell SCANDINAVIAN WORK C. I Andretti. ANTI-SALOON LEAGUE OF AMERICA XA riQN AL OFFICERS President. Bishop Thomas B Nicholson, D.D., LI D.. .’8 Fast Washington St . Chicago; General Superintendent. P. A Baker. D D. Westerville. Ohio; Associate General Superintendent. I’.. J. Moore, West rville, Ohio; Treasurer, Foster Copeland, Columbus, Ohio. , The Relation of the Anti-Saloon League to Prohibition Enforcement Many people think that it is the business of the Anti-Saloon 1 eague to take direct action against liquor law violators. It is not. however, the function of the Anti-Saloon League to act as a detective agency or to take the place of the regular officials in enforcement work. Because of the long record of the League for aggressive action against the liquor traffic if it is natural that some should feel that the League itself should act in cases of liquor law violations. A little study of the situation makes it clear that enforcement is the business of the regular officials and not the business of private citizens or organizations such the Anti-Saloon League. The Anti-Saloon League in the exercise of its proper functions helped secure constitu tional prohibition and laws for its enforcement, flic League alsj has helped place men in office who possess the ability and the desire to enforce the law. As the representative of citizens who favor pro hibition enforcement it is the proper work of the League to secure passage of legislation and the election of men for its enforcement. It is not however properly the work of the League to actually enforce the law. That is the business of the officials elected fur that work. Jf the proper officials do not enforce the law it is the purpose of the League to see to it that others arc elected or appointed in their place. But it can also give aid and co-operation to officials in their work; farther than this the League cannot and should not go. The Anti Saloon League and its representatives are not public officials and therefore cannot take official action against violators. But as repre sentatives of citizens the League can and docs net to secure officials who will enforce the Law . Lady Astor and Mrs. O’Neil One day recently l ady Aster, after a strenuous tight in Par-: liamcnt, succeeded in keeping her bill against selling liquor to children from being killed by amendments which were offered by the wets. Lady Astor displayed considerable ability and sagacity in support of the legislation in which she is interested. And it happened that on the vein same day Mrs. Lottie Holman O’Neil, representative from the 41st District at Springfield, had a similar fight on her hands. A bill in which she was interested was attacked liv its enemies who tried to kill the bill with amendments. Mrs. O’Neil, like I ady \stor, proved herself master of the situation m the successful defense of her bill on the floor of the House. These two incidents mark a new era in the struggle of women for the advancement of causes in which they are interested. These incidents prove that women have the ability and courage to fight effectively in halls of legislation as well as in other spheres of in fluence. That Liquor Stock Division The div ision of the liquor stock, owned by the firm of Grommes pud Ullrich before prohibition to stockholder of the Company, a few weeks ago has aroused considerable discussion. While all the facts in the case arc not clear pending further investigation by the government, it seems certain that a great many individuals have re stocked their cellars from the warehouse of the liquor firm. The question is one of whether the persons who received the liquor were stockholders in the firm before the Volstead Act went into effect. If not. it is clear that the recipients of the liquor by purchasing stock in the liquor concern were able to secure a supply of liquor regard less of the law. If this is what happened both State and Federal officials should act agressively to punish the law violators eveii if the violation appears to have been indirect. Even if the persons whose cellars have been replenished w ere bona fide stockholders j before the adoption of the Volstead Act, there is still a question of w hetlicr it was legal to transport liquor from the warehouse to private t residences. Wets and drvs alike will await with interest the action cd the authorities in this particular case. If there is no way under 1 he law to prevent similar evasions of the plain purposes of the Eight eenth Amendment the law should he changed. The Grommes and Ullrich liquidation incident illustrates the persistence and ingenuity of both buyers and sellers of intoxicants. Wet Propaganda Explained Few people realize how easily the press unfriendly to prohibition can influence public information relative to this subject. henever a dry, no matter how prominent, makes an address jn support of the Eighteenth Amendment he is not likely to get much space in the newspapers opposed to the dry law. Recently Senator \\ illis, one of the most prominent men in American public life, made, a strong appeal for loyalty to the Eighteenth Amendment in an address in Chicago. The reporters were present but very little of bis speech appeared in the papers. On the other hand, whenever a wet, no matter how obscure, criticizes prohibition the columns of wet papers were filled with what was said. This is one phase of wet newspaper propaganda. Another phase of the molding of public opinion through the press is pointed out by the Chicago livening Post. This phase of the situation makes a wrong impression more or less inevitable, no matter what the attitude of the newspaper may be. Commenting on a decrease of 74rf in the number of relief cases due to drink as shown by a country wide survey the Post said: Hut the significance of thesi figures cannot hr questioned. They repre sent the results of prohibition which do not get into the headlines in indiv idual cases the constructive results. If a titan runs amuck on moonshine and kills his wife, the fact is good for a seven-column line in big type; but if ten men arc made sober and industrious, and their ten families better fed, better clothed, better housed gs a consequence, there arc no headlines. The charity organization transfers them from its list of dependents with a gratc :ul sigh and jumps them in a table of statistics or figures them into a per centage. of which the public may or may not hear. Thousands of people arc condemning prohibition by the exceptions to its operation, because it is the exceptions which make the sort of news that finds its way into display tape, and it is only the exceptions they hear about. Hut ten men sobered and become industrious citizens good husbands, good fathers, good neighbors and. for this very reason, escaping the news columns, overwhelmingly counterbalance the one v.ho gets crazed with hooch and shoots or ruts his way to first-page notoriety. tine of these days we arc going to heat moonshine; we are going to put the bootlegger out of business, and the figures we have quoted indirate where the sentiment and moral support will hr found to make the war on liquor effective. Meantime, if newspaper readers will bear in mind that it is the exceptional which makes news, the continued printing of stories which illustrate the defects of law enforcement and the dangers of hooteli may serve the useful purpose of .stimulating effort to reduce the number of exceptions until all over the country relief organizations will he able to report, like that of Providence, K. I., a 100 per cent decrease in relief eases due to drink. I low w et propaganda is made is described in an article by "A Country Banker" in an article on Beer and l.iglit \\ incs in a recent number of the Outlook. This writer said: To my desk come each morning two city papers which I look over—1 will not say that I read them—as a part of the day’s routine. I scan the roe on' of crime—not, alas! to be escaped—the market reports, political and for eign news, now and then an editorial: also I bare of late taken to noting everything bearing upon the stiff insistent issue of “wet or dry.” In other matters these two sheets differ, but I have found that they arc quite agreed ihat the Eighteenth Amendment was a regrettable blunder, somehow “put over” upon the Xatioti, that it is doing no good, and that its repeal or the extraction of i s "teeth" is the desire of all right-thinking people. Our views arc in large measure the product of what we read, and by this continual dropping my once-dry opinions might well be moistened but tor three considerations, one of them perhaps worth amplifying. First. 1 see occasionally, though utily occasionally, other publications, which tell a different story. Second, the "news” in the two dailies mentioned is always news on the same side. If there i- held a conference of Governors to consider the en forcement of. wet and dry laws and the Governor of Maryland is strongly op posed to the laws now existing, the views of the Governor of Maryland ap pear in detail, while those of his associates are left to our conjecture. If a reporter grows humorous, his humor is always directed at the law’s minions, and never by any chance is such as to offend the sensitive feelings of the bootlegger. Indeed, to find any arcount^of honest, efficient enforcement of j a dry law is almost as difficult as it would be to go through the files of , 1Q18 and select recorded instances of German clemency and international j good will. The conclusion to which I have sadly been forced is. therefore, ] that when I read of wet and dry things in these sheets I am not reading news, j but propaganda. It is clear that both by intent and because of tlie nature of news prohibition suffers in public estimation through what appears in the press. This makes it of vital importance that the.organized dry forces ttse their utmost efforts to combat falsehoods and false im pressions with the truth about prohibition. Prohibition Does Cut Offenses There is a news story in this number of the American Issue which discloses the fact that iu 86 American cities the arrests for drunkenness were cut on an average of 25--)- per cent from 1916 to 1922, also, that the arrests for all causes w ere cut 1.7 per cent. These decreases occurcd ip spite of the fact that there have been increases in population. It isTurthcr noted that the number of ar-J rests is relativclv large for two reasons, hirst, that police these days | arc arresting evcrV man no matter hbw quiet he is, who shows the i least signs of intoxication. Whereas, in the saloon days a drunken man was never arrested unless he was disorderly or was found help less. 'flic other fact is that by tho greatly increased number of auto mobiles there would naturally be an increased number of traffic law , violations. Xo body bad any reason to expect that drunkenness would come j to an abrupt end by tho going into effect of the Eighteenth Amend ment. but it is gratifying to note that even in the cities where there ! would naturally be more violations’than in the rural communities: the average cut in the number iff arrests for drunkenness is more than one-fourth. It is worth noting, too, that in many industrial renters there! have been decreases in arrests. 'This answers the old false argument i that the workingmen arc not in favor of prohibition and will resent; enforcement of the law. As time goes on the number of persons who violate the prohibi- j lion laws will continue to decrease. Every sort of statistics gathered j these days shows that prohibition not only is prohibiting but is! working out a betterment in the social order. | Dry U. S. Holds Honor Place in Ship Building An Associated Press dispatch carrying a Xew York dateline of | April 10 declares that the United States is the only maritime nation to show a gain in ship building in the year ended April 1, according to Lloyd’s Register of Shipping Reports. Xot such a bad record, is it. for the Prohibition country whose ships and ocean shipping had been consigned to the eternal bow wows by the liquor interests because she kicked out the liquor traffic. Unreliable prophets are these wets. United States passenger boats arc filled to capacity ~ib fact, are turning away applicants for lack of room, and now Lloyd's Register of Shipping Reports gives United States honor place for gain made in ship building during the past year. The modification of the Volstead law demanded by the wets means the re-6pcning of saloons for the sale of legalized beer. Down in Kentucky they are converting a distillery into an orphanage, and the Xew York Mail remarks that is following liquor from cause to effect. TRY IT FIRST A United States senator is asking for a national referendum on the Vol stead law. The present is no time for such a test. Let the law be first cn foreed for a year, and then the people wilt have the necessary information upon which to base their vote. Any dispute now oil the subject of prohibi tion does not hinge on the merits of the law itself, but on it senforcement. A vote of the people for or against present conditions would not be directed at the law but at the refusal of some public officials to enforce- it. A referen dum on that subject is had at every election, when the people express their preference lor men who have a sacred regard for their oath of office or for those who wilfully violate it.—Moline (III ) Dispatch. THINK BEFORE YOU DRINK 1 Moonshine doesn't pay. A saloonkeeper who cheated and sold moonshine is dead. Donovan and Donegan, two policemen who cheated and bought his moonshine, arc held for his murder. I he policemen don't remember much about it. but they guess one of them killed the saloonkeeper when lie wouldn’t give them more of the poison which drove them mad. I he ease is tragic. A potentially good citizen is dead, two more poten tially good citizens have the crime of murder on their souls, and the name of the police force is stained with a deed unworthy of the brave and true men who make up the department. The case is another pointed answer to the matt who says "Moonshine won't hurt MK." It won't—if you stay away from it. But it you drink moonshine, you need not laugh at the clown who monkeys with a buzz saw," or the fool who rocks the boat. You arc blood brothe^to them both. Think before you drink. Think of Donovan and Donegan. How would you like to have committed murder?—Chicago Evening American. 4 A ™ “ • THE RUM RUNNER’S PATRONS The so-called "blue-book" group, who recently conceived an ingenious plan whereby they hope to evade the tan and to obtain what the law denies them, should do a little serious reflecting, if their minds can rise above their appetites. Wc hope, indeed, that the law will yet stimulate such mental processes as they possess to an activity enabling them to sec the stupid in sincerity of their conduct. It would, perhaps, be futile to appeal to such "leading" citizens on any high ground of social responsibility, on any ground of real American loyalty to Constitution and statute; but appeal on the basis of self-interest may reach what does service for a conscience. They arc endangering the priv ileged life which they cherish; which they enjoy by virtue of the wealth en abling them to pay the price of lawlessness. Only as law is respected is that life secure, and they are doing all they can to bring law into contempt. If it were only themselves they were imperiling, wc might feel small concern about their ways. But they are imperiling society as a whole; they arc im periling American institutions. It is time to transfer some of the emphasis of indignation and scorn and penalty from the rum runner to the rum runner's patron.—Chicago Evening Post. .« WORLD WET FORCES FIGHTING PROHIBITION (By Frazier Hunt in Hearst's International Magazine.) Rudely awakened from their sleepy security the wet interests of Europe have sprung to arms overnight and. now completely organized, equipped, and financed—and thoroughly frightened—-are carrying ou a determined offen sive against the dry idea that is sweeping throughout the world. Today these wet interests have a great international organization in Paris functioning like a general staff. This world wet organization has branches and national committees in all the countries of Europe. For purposes of anti-prohibition propaganda they have easy access to practically the whole press of Europe. They arc securely intrenched in politics and arc able in all but two or three smaller countries to control any unfavorable anti-liquor legislation that may come up. They have powerful friends in governmental circles and. especially in the great wine-growing countries of southern Europe, they can bring pressure to bear ou international trade agreements. Spain, with thr moral assistance of Eranee and Italy, has forced hone dry Iceland to open her doors to Spanish wines. France, hacked by Spain, is forcing partially dry Norway to accept her high percent wines. So powerful is the economic pressure the wine interests can bring to bear, through' their governments', that no mall nation in Europe dares to go dry. l astly, they arc carrying the war straight into the "enemy’s” country, and if they feel it will have any effect they will not hesitate to spend money on electioneering propaganda in America during the Congressional elections. For America is the great enemy country in this wet war. America’s finest old brewery, families, dreaming of a light wine and beer era, could not con tribute more prayers or enthusiasm or straight propaganda to the "cause," directly within the borders of the United States, Ilian do the great wine ex porters of France, financially assisted by all the “trade" interests of Europe. For America is the crux of the whole wet and dry world problem—and every statement concerning the future of this world war must necessarily be marked with the tag. "If there is no change in Smorican prohibition.” The moral significance of a dry \merica i-. tremendous. It would he difficult to overestimate the ultimate effect of this -American idea on the con sciousness of Europe. ARKANSAS LOSES A GREAT MAN, COL. GEO. THORNBURG Paul E. Kemper, Superintendent Arkansas Anti-Saloon League The neVvs of the passing in death of Col. George Thornburg was re ceived with universal regret throughout the entire state of Arkansas, and ° came as a great shock, as very few, outside of the immediate family knew of his serious illness. While he had not been well, and had just recovered from a light attack of pneumonia, his family and friends could see a gradual improvement in looks, and had hoped for his complete recovery; and when in a moment as it were he was seized with a second attack and within 48 hours the dread monster had done its work. No citizen of Arkansas was better known, or loved, or held in higher respect than he. Col. Thornburg's labors in the Methodist Episcopal Church South had been one of long years of loving and successful achievement, hav ing Filled the highest places of confidence and honor in the gift of the church with honor both to himself and the church he loved. He was also a great Mason and had achieved that high and cnvailable place and rank as a thirty-third degree man—and had written and published several high works on the above named order. Front the view-point of the writer—the greatest piece of work done by ^ this great and noble man—was the drafting of a bill and then creating t sentiment sufficient for enactment into law by the State Legislature on January 22nd, 1917, known as the "State Bone Dry Law”. He drew up a Bill that was destined to make History for not only the state of Arkansas, but the whole nation; for when the question of National Constitutional ** Amendment known as Eighteenth Amendment to our Constitution was to be ratified by our State Legislature the vote was taken January 13th, 1919, in the House and stood, 93 to 2 while the vote in the Senate, taken January 14, the next day, was 34 to 0, so this father of temperance wrought our a mighty work for the people then as well as for the future generations— which please God gives momentum to the "World-wide Plan of Emancipation from King Alcohol”. Col. Thornburg was President, and Trustee of the Arkansas Anti-Saloon League at the time of his death—which organization feels its great loss in the going away of this godly man and co-laborer. He was a good up right citizen, always ready to render public service; sincere churchman, with whom practice was one-hundred per cent in keeping with profession. He was not only a tower but a mighty fortress that adds stability to the social fabric and safe guards all those things that American citizenship revers. The writer will miss his godly advice and council in our great work, for I looke I upon Col. Thornburg as one of the greatest, as well as safest men in the temperance work. AND WHO WILL FILL HIS PLACE. . In behalf of the Arkansas Anti-Saloon League of America, we express our deepest and most sincere sympathy; and pray God's richest blessings upon them in this hour of trial and sad bereavement.