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ACCIDENTS CAUSED ;
BY WINE AND BEER ! SAYS CHICAGO JUDGE Opinion Based on Records in Speeders’ Court " ARE DRUNK ON BEER IN HALF OF CASES i The Official Records Show Alcoholic Death Decline DELIRIUM TREMENS DISAPPEAR Tn response to a letter of inquiry sent to him by the American Issue Judge Gemmill has given a remarkable statement on the relation of beer and wine to automobile accidents. Judge Gemmill's opinions and observations based on official records arc of vital importance in view of the desperate drive by the wets to restore the beer and wine traffic. WITH THE INCREASING CON GESTION OF AUTOMOBILE * TRAFFIC WHAT WILL HAPPEN IF THE LIQUOR INTERESTS SUCCEED IN LEGALIZING BF.ER AND WINE? The answer is . easy to read in the following letter by an unquestioned authority on the automobile traffic problem: The Municipal Court of Chicago William N. Gemmill, Judge In Chambers June 15, 1923. j Mr. O. G. Christgau, Editor, American Issue. Dear Sir: Your letter received. I do not know that I can add much to what I have written on this subject. The New York Times after requesting my article wrote me that their limited space made it necessary to cut the article somewhat. The items they cut out have not yet >* ’ been published. They deal with the claim that prohibition has brought many more deaths from drinking moonshine whisky than formerly. The figures from New York state, just gathered by me show that accord ing to the report of the state health board, 1,008 persons died from alcohol ism in the state in 1917, while only 242 died from the same cause in 1622. That while in 1917 only two were re ported to have died from wood alco hol, in 1922 fourteen were reported to have died from the same cause. While | there is an increase in the deaths from wood alcohol of 12, there is a decrease in all alcoholic deaths of 754. I find this same ratio in Philadelphia, Boston and Chicago. This however, is but a small part of the saving of human life. Our county hospital shows that in 5.28b cases of lobar pneumonia only » 23 per cent of the total abstainers ' died, while 39 per cent of the ordinary drinkers and 46 per cent of excessive drinkers died. It is also true that in pneumonia cases involving heavy drinkers many formerly had delirium tremens, while there has only been one case of delirium tremens from such cases in our county hospital in the last two years. I have been presiding in the speed ers’ court for some time and I find that nearly all the serious accidents are caused by men driving while in toxicated, and upon questionning these j men I find over one half of them swear that they got drunk on beer. I find a man who drinks two glasses of wine is much more dangerous to the community than one who drinks six or eight glasses. The man with two glasses can’t sec straight. His mental faculties arc abnormal. He * drives a car all over the street and generally runs into a lamp post or into another car. While the man with six drinks is helpless and can’t drive at all. No man with two drinks of wine: in him is safe at the wheel of an auto mobile. Light wine has in it at least 14 per cent of alcohol. It would be a lie written upon the statute books of any state if it should pass a law declaring that light wine is not intoxicating. The Constitution says—‘‘intoxicating liquor shall not be manufactured or sold.” The lightest wine is danger ously intoxicating and no law can make it otherwise. * Yours very truly, William N. Gemmill. VVNG MK A bill to repeal the Georgia prohi bition law and leave the full responsi k bility for enforcement of the Volstead 1 * act upon the federal government has I been introduced in the lower House. ] 7> v, *®»—'' ' * V GOVERNOR SMALL’S VETO Statement Made by F. Scott McBride, State Superintendent of the Anti-Saloon League of Illinois, as to Governor Small's Veto of House Bill 561 Known as the Rice Bill in the House and the Jewel Bill in the Senate Governor Small's veto of House Bill 561 indicates that lie is not in favor of the enforcement of the prohibition laws. House Bill 56l provides for the placing of one-half of the fines collected from prosecutions, initiated and car ried on by the state's attorneys in a fund designated as County Prohibition Enforcement Fund to be used entirely for additional enforcement, and out of such funds as arc collected from prosecutions instituted by the attorney gen eral’s office a state enforcement fund is created, one-half of the fines going into this special fund and the rest going into the State School Fund. All surplus would go into the school fund. The operations of this bill would in crease the school fund and at the same time bring better enforcement. Had Governor Small signed this bill it would have been the greatest boon to prohibition enforcement the state has ever witnessed. By vetoing it he must carry the responsibility for all violations of the law that would other wise have been prevented. Surprised at Veto Wei of course, arc very much surprised that the governor should veto this bill. The Anti-Saloon League has taken no sides in the factional fight between the governor and Attorney General Brundage. We have dealt with men within these factions absolutely on their records in relation to prohibition. We have been charged with favors to both factions but have been guilty of none.- The fact that we have been neutral as to factions it seems should have led the governor to have played fair with the House and Senate as to this measure. He has vetoed it too late for it to be passed over his head. He has vetoed it at a time when all other funds for prohibition enforcement has been denied. The other source for revenue left to enforce prohibition is through the appro priations by the board of supervisors. This is possible in some of the counties but is a difficult program. The method provided in the new bill would have made the work of enforcement comparatively easy. The Illinois Prohibition act makes the state's attorney and the attorney general responsible in a very definite way for the enforcement of this law1. We believe that when an officer is charged with certain duties he should be given the necessary funds with which to make the fulfilling of these duties possible. . This bill would have enforced prohibition in the state and would at the same time have made it a financial asset and not in any way a financial lia bility. It was among the best pieces of legislation the drys have passed in the House and Senate. And was supported by all drys in both House and Senate. The governor has vetoed this without giving the prohibition forces of the state a chance to be heard in its behalf. Attention is Called Under date of June 21, 192.1. his attention by letter was called to this mat ter. He was assured that if any difficulties should arise as to this measure that he could be, beyond a question of a doubt, satisfied that the measure is a proper one. The record of vetoing this bill is not one that will stand the test in the face of the Eighteenth Amendment to the Constitution of the United States and the Illinois prohibition act which Governor Small signed himself two years ago. It is a slap in the face to those people in the state who favor the enforcement of prohibition laws. He can not excuse this act on the contention that it would not be used for enforcement as the fund could not be created without enforcement pre ceding the creation of the fund. Other governors have killed dry legislation in Illinois by their influence in House and Senate, but Governor Small is the first to veto any legislation for the dry cause passed by both Houses of the Legislature and we predict this will be the last case of such an act by any Illinois Legislature. HARDING SETS ABSTINENCE EXAMPLE IN SPIRIT OF DRY LAWS; ASKS FOLLOWERS Will Refrain From Even Lawful Use of Liquors in Order That Real Purpose of Prohibition May Be Brought About; Calls on Others to Abstain David Lawrence, noted political reporter who is covering the President's trip for the newspapers which take the Lawrence syndicated matter, has done a monumental piece of reporting service by giving to the nation the personal facts back of the Prcsidiyt's appeal in Denver for observance of the spirit rather than merely even the complete letter of the nation’s prohibition laws. In his syndicated article dated June 26. the day after the Denver address, and sent from Rawlins, Wyoming. Mr, Lawrence said: "President Harding has become a to tal abstainer. He meant literally the speech lie delivered at Denver appeal ling to the people of America to give up strong drink even though their stocks were lawfully acquired before the Eighteenth Amendment and the Volstead act were adopted. Mr. Hard ing, it was learned today, feels very deeply that as chief executive of the nation he should set an example of rc-| straint, although there is no law against drinking liquor one has legally acquired and Mr. Harding violated no law in taking an occasional drink in the White House. "It has become known that in the last several months the President has refused gifts of liquor from personal friends and has told them he meant to' conform to the implications of the law" j as well as its specific obligations. Since the Harding administration began no' liquor has ever been served at the ta-' ble for official guests. There has been some gossip that personal friends would drop in at the White House or meet the President at the golf links and offer a drink from a flask very much as might happen in the offices of Senators and Representatives; but while Mr. Harding has since early Marion days enjoyed'a social drink, he has no regrets about practising self denial, for he believes the greater good to be accomplished nationally by a strict observance of Prohibition more than makes up for the indulgence. Regrets Class Clashes "Close reading of the President’s speech at Denver will reveal that he feels very keenly the rivalry of classes in America; the resentment of the working people over the fact that the rich can secure all the liquor they want, irrespective of price. What Mr. Harding realizes, of course, is that there always will be available, through one channel or another, some supply from sources that cannot be stopped to the wealthy. Mr. Harding appeals in the hope that they will voluntarily abstain from violating the law in pur chasing liquor, and that they will either destroy what they have or fail to re new their supply when it is exhausted. “The President thinks the very se curity of American institutions de pends on the attitude that the wealthy folks of the land take toward the Vol stead law. If one law can be ignored and an amendment held in contempt, he fears the whole structure will col lapse. As for himself, the President has taken the matter to heart, and while the public hasn't known it, nevertheless it is a fact that for some time Mr. Harding has been abstaining and that he means to keep his house hold dry and will refrain even when away from the White Mouse from ac cepting the invitations of friends or their gifts. “Mr. Harding's sense of increased responsibility has been no sudden de velopment, his intimates say. He has been gradually coming to the conclu sion that the sooner universal prohibi tion is actually practiced the better it will be for the moral fiber of the na tion and the sooner will come those modifications in existing laws that the people shall desire. “His own prediction is that the longer prohibition is in effect the greater the likelihood that the changes in the law will be in the direction of effective enforcement rather than re laxation; but even if the sentiment of the nation were to swing to a 2.75 per cent beer, the chances are that such a change would follow a period of ab solute drought so far as strong drink is concerned.” In his article from Denver on June 25. tlie day of the address by the Pres ident, Mr. Lawrence said: "Perhaps the most striking para graph in the Denver speech—certainly nothing like it has come before from the lips of the President or any other high official charged with the enforce ment of the prohibition laws—was his direct appeal to people who have hard liquor in their possession to set an ex ample to those who haven’t by giving it up altogether. • ‘‘‘Whatever satisfaction there may be in indulgence,' said the President, ‘whatever objection there is to the so called invasion of personal liberty, neither counts when the supremacy of! Ian and the stability of our institu tions arc menaced.’ Realize Suspicion That Officials Have Rum “ ‘With all gofid intention the major ity- sentiment of the United States has sought by law to remove strong drink as a curse upon the American citizen,! but ours is a larger problem—how to remove lawless drinking as a menace! to the Republic itself.’ “That phrase ‘lawless drinking’ will probably become the slogan of a new campaign on the part of the drys. and it would not he surprising to sec Pres ident Harding and other high officials accept the plea of William Jennings Bryan, who asks that everybody in the government of the United States from the President down take the pledge to abstain from drinking intoxicants. Mr. Bryan’s appeal has long gone un heeded. but the Denver speech gives if added momentum, for the people in President Harding's circle have begun to realize, indeed, that one of the un fortunate aspects of Prohibition is the popular suspicion that high officials have plenty of liquor, either from pre Volsteadian days or from friends who do not inquire into the date of manu facture or origin too closely. "Waves of criticism like that have been wafted in the direction of Ihe White House for some time and the President took occasion today to let the public know just what they meant. Millions Resent Possession of Liquor by Few "Many citizens,' said the President, ‘not teetotalers in tiicir habits, law fully acquired stores of private stocks in anticipation of prohibition, pending the ratification of the amendment and the enactment of regulatory- law. Many others have had no scruple in seeking supplies from those who vend in defiance of the law. The latter prac tice is rather too costly to be indulged in by the masses so there are literally American'millions who resent the law- J fill possessions of the few, the lawless practices of a few more and rebel[ against the denial to the vast majority.! Universal prohibition in the United States would occasion far less discon-j tent than partial prohibition and par tial indulgence.’ "Mr. Harding appealed for ‘an! awakened conscience.’ His speech made a deep impression here for this dry territory and the people have had prohibition so long that they are con vinced of its merit, and the subject is really not an issue here in the same sense that it disturbs the politics of other states where the prohibition amendment has come as a sudden shock to urban habits. “The President reached out in his Denver address, of course, to the peo ple of all parts of the country- and in asmuch as the political aspects of the transcontinental tour he is taking can not be ignored there is every reason to believe Mr. Harding considers il strategically- wise to make the most of A1 Smith’s action. . . . “ ‘Stop buying from bootleggers, stop drinking—in fact, stop thirsti ncss,’ is the advice which in effect Mr. Harding gives to the American people, lest contempt for law may make the whole Republic insecure.” The Anti-Saloon League of America, in harmony with its policy of 30 years, will not request the convention of either political party to adopt a dry platform plank or one sustaining the Eight eenth Amendment. The League will, however, continue its policy of endeavoring to obtain the nomination and election of candi dates favorable to prohibition and the effective enforcement of liquor laws. This is the slogan of thcAnti-Sa loon League for the next national and state campaigns. This declaration, made by the conference qf League state superintendents and national of ficials, held at Westerville, was ratified by the executive committee of the or ganization, sitting in Westerville June 29, following the closing of the con ference. This declaration, it is explained docs not mean that the League will be in different to the efforts of the wets to get the national conventions to adopt moist planks. Of course the League, which does not ask the adoption of dry planks, will fight any effort to make Democrats or Republicans de clare for damp modification of the Volstead law, hut the League does not believe any such modification has the ghost of a chance. BRITAIN CONTINUES EFFORTS TO RENDER INOPERATIVE AMERICAN PROHIBITION LAW American Law as Interpreted by U. S. Supreme Court is Supreme Over All Laws of Other Nations in American Ter ritory Unquestionably According to the Chicago Tribune] of July 4 a new technical point re garding ship liquor which is believed to be of great importance to British shipping has been called to the atten tion of Secretary of State Hughes by the Washington British embassy. Following the request for informa tion, the secretary has asked the treasury department for facts in the case before making a reply to the British government. The case in volves the British liner Tuscania j which plies between New York and Italian ports carrying large numbys of Italian passengers both in cabin ! and in steerage. The Cunard line by the terms of I the contract is bound to furnish liquor rations in accordance with the Italian law and as observed by the Italian steamship lines. The British govern ment in view of this fact wishes to know whether the same allowance of medicinal liquor are to be made for the British liner as are made in the case of Italian liners. It is pointed out that if British vessels operating in the Italian trade are to be put at a disadvantage in the matter of medicinal liquor the result may be that British trade will suffer and that the business will go to Italian lines, which because of the Italian law might be given more liberal allow ances. Roth Democrats and Republicans in the conference and the executive com mittee meeting expressed the belief that when the national conventions of 1924 adjourn the platforms will he minus wet suggestion and both candi dates will he dry. Reaffirmation of the League position of thirty years is held to mean con tinuance of the policy of strict non partisanship and non-denominational ism, a course which has been uniform ly successful. It emphasizes the fact that the League, with suffrage club in hand, will watch wet heads, whether they be adorned with the ears of don key or elephant, as they lift them selves on the political horizon, and swat while the swatting is good. Also, there will he warmth, comfort and hos pitality for the dry candidate, regard less of whether he wears the campaign button of the patient beast of burden or that of the big animal of the cir cus. Congress Gets It First The first person to be signally honored under this procedure is Jamee \ . Couzens, Michigan Senator, who, making public his declaration that the \ olstead act is ridiculous and that there must be 5 per cent beer and some sort of "light” wine, draws the lire of Dr. P. A. Raker, general super intendent of the Anti-Saloon League, who, in a statement printed elsewhere in the Issue of this date, puts Couzcns in a class with Edwards of New Jersey, Calder of New York, Reed of Missouri, Shields of Tennessee and Stanley of Kentucky, "in their pursuit of the beer wagon.” New York Democrats who seek to put upon Democratic A1 Smith the whole burden for state nullification of the state dry code, received no com fort from the conference. This mes sage, at the order of the conference, was telegraphed to .George K. Mor ris, state Republican chairman in New York: “A large number of the voters of New York state ■who are dry and are also Republicans desire to know the attitude of the leadership of the party, as represented in the state committee, toward President Harding's declara tion for the enforcement of prohibition and co-operation therein by the states. Does the Republican leadership in New York endorse the president without qualification, or does it continue it* subserviner.ee to the wet minority of the party and to be out of harmony SUFFRAGE CLUB IS IN READINESS FOR HEADS OF WET CANDIDATES BE THEY DONKEYS OR ELEPHANTS Anti-Saloon League Stands on Platform of Thirty Years, and Will Closely Watch Every Seeker for Office and Insist That He Measure Up to Standard NO DRY PLANKS TO BE ASKED OF CONVENTIONS BUT NO WET PLANKS MUST BE SLIPPED THROUGH Democrats and Republicans Vie With Each Other in Placing Loyalty to Principle Above Loyalty to Party Candidates; Adhere to Tried Pathways STAND IS TAKEN ON FOREIGN SHIP PROPOSITION; PRAISE ENFORCEMENT League Men in Westerville Conference Make Plans for Great Fight Which They See Looming on Horizon; Are Confident of Outcome of 1924 Contest By J. H. Larimore .--———i League Superintendents and Solid South Opposed to Wet Candidate for President The following resolution was adopted at the Conference of State League Superintendents in Westerville, Ohio. June 28: “Whereas, The press of our country has carried stories to the effect that wet Democrats of the North and East are for mulating plans to force the national Democratic convention next year to nominate for president, a man opposed to the Volstead act and claiming that the “solid South” will vote for any can didate nominated regardless of his views on the prohibition question, and that by nominating a wet candidate, they can carry certain large states of the North and East and with the “solid South” will win the national election,—We, the under signed superintendents of these solid Democratic states of the South wish herewith to state that the dry leaders of the South do resent such proposed action, and we, as superintendents of the Anti-Saloon League of these states will urge our followers to support the candidate for president in sympathy with the honest enforcement of the prohibition laws, regardless of party. (Signed) Atticus Webb. Supt. A. S L. of Texas. Chas. O. Jones, Supt. A. S. L. of Georgia. T. J. Bailey, Supt. A. S. L. of Mississippi. David Hepburn, Supt. A. S. L. of Virginia. J. Bibb Mills, Supt. A. S. L. of Alabama. Parker Shields, Supt. A. S. L. of Tennessee. E. M. Lightfoot, Supt. A. S. L. of South Carolina. R. L. Davis, Supt. A. S. L. of North Carolina. H. T. Laughbaum, Supt. A. S. L. of Oklahoma. Ira L. Myers, Supt. A. S. L. of Kentucky. Paul E. Kemper, Supt. A. S. L. of A-kansas.