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The American issue
Illinois Edition THE ANTI-SALOON LEAGUE OF ILLINOIS 1200 Security Building, Chicago. PUBLICATION OFFICE. WESTERVILLE. OHIO Issued bi-weekly except during the month of August. ERNEST H. CHERR1NGTON. Editor O. G. CHRISTGAU. Illinoi. Editor Illinois Office. 1200 Security Building. Chicago. PRICE $1.00 PER N EAR Make subscriptions payable to the Anti-Saloon League of Illinois, 1200 Security Bldg , Chicago, Illinois. Entered as second class* matter at the postoffice at Westerville, Ohio, under the Act of March .(, 18/9. Notice to Postmasters All form notices for change of address or discontinuance and all tindelnerable pipers perlainng to the Illinois Edition of The American Issue should be addressed to the Illinois Editor, 1200 Security Building, Chicago, Illinois. ANTI SALOON LEAGUE OF ILLINOIS Headquarters, 1200 Security Building. Chicago. STATE OFFICERS President, W. W. Bennett. Rockford; Vice President. Will *t. CM well. C'arlinvillr. John B. Lennon, Bloomington; A If red T. Capps, Jacksonville; Civ is Galrenn, (. at rollton, Secretary, John R. Golden, Decatur; Treasurer, Thomas J. Bolgcr, C. hicago. IfEADyt NRTERS OEM MITT El ( harlrs E Coleman, Chairman, (hicago; M. P. Bavntun, Secretary, ( hicago; John R Golden, Decatur; John Rudin. Chicago; John H. Hauling, Roi k Island; A. J Scrogm. Lexington; George II. Wilson, yuiucy; Bishop Thomas Nicholson. Chicago; Thus. I. Bolgcr, t hicago; W. W. Bennett. SIAM SUPERINTENDENT • F. Scott McBride, (hicago. ASSISTANT TO THE STATE SU PER I NTI.N DENT Alice Odell. DEI’ARTMKNI SUPERINTI NDENTS Ofeadquarters, Chicago)- Chicago I.aw En for cement, I J Davis; Legal an I I tw IVnfori ement, Jos. II. (oilier; Literature and Pub licity. O. G. (luistgau; Woman's Department, Mrs. G. M. Mathes; Assist, Miss Margaret Wintrjngcr. DISTRICT SUPERINTENDENTS North Ride (hicago, C. E. Peterson: South Side Chicago. J \, Little; Northwest Sale (he.a go. A. II Post : Southwest Side ('hicago. J. W. Langley; Northern, Geo, McGinnis, (hicago. Northeastern. II. II. Rood, Chicago; Eastern. N. K. Johnson. Springfield; Western. G. W. lames, Galesbtng; Central, Geo. H. Yule, Springfield; Southern, leu Howard, East St. Louis; E. E. McLaughlin, Assistant, Last fct. Louis. PIKLD SECRETARY—Elmer L. Williams, Chicago. PJt^LNESS MANAGER -It. W. Ewing. Chicago. FIELD ATTORN E\ Jas. 11. Danskm. HELD WORKER C. E Dowdell. Scandinavian wbrk (. j. Andreen. ANTI-SALOON LEAGUE OF AMERICA _ NATIONAL OFF !( F.RS President, Bishop Thomas B. Nicholson, D.D., I.L.D.. 28 East Washington St., Chicago; General Superintendent. P. A. Baker. D.D., Westerville, (Miio ; Associate General Superintendent, E. J.. Moore, Westerville, Ohio; Treasurer, Foster Copeland, Columbus. Ohio. The Wet Chicago Tribune Again Tlic Tribune’s editorial on Governor Small's veto of the Rice bill is false for the very good reason that it is based upon the false premise there has at some time existed a deal between the Anti Saloon League through her Superintendent, and Governor Small whereby dry legislation would benefit. Such a claim is absolutely false as the wet Tribune well knows. In IffiM the governor favored a Speaker that was dry as did also the Anti-Saloon League. It would he more fair to charge that the Tribune has entered into a bargain to veto dry legislation with Gov ernor Small now. The Tribune is opposed to all dry legislation. The governor votoed this dry bill. Two hearts beat alike on this question. All dry bills in every session have been passed with dry votes and without any combination with any faction or any bargaining or bickering with anyone. Men have made their records whether in the governor’s chair or a member of House or Senate on what they have done as to dry legislation. We have commended a gov ernor when he has done good as to this big issue and we have been free to condemn him when lie has done wrong. The Tribune would seem to think that we should not seek dry legislation or to elect dry Speakers when Governor Small is in the governor’s chair. The naked truth is that the Tribune really would prefer that no dry legislation should be enacted at any time and that all Speakers elected be wet. We will commend when a public official does well and as freely criticise when he does wrong as Governor Small has done in vetoing the dry enforcement bill providing funds from the lines for state's attorneys and the attorney general to be used in fur ther enforcement work. I Another Nullification Scheme Norman E. Mack, Democratic national committeeman from New York and one of the best known leaders of his party, is quoted in the press as saying: My own idea is that as time goes on and people arc satisfied that the sa loon has gone forever they will become more and more in favor of amend ment to the Volstead act. This would provide that each state could determine for itself the alcoholic content. J think the Democratic party should have such a plank in its platform. Mr. Mack is right in estimating that the people are determined that the saloon shall never come back but he doesn't credit the peo ple with an intelligent understanding of what this beer and wine proposition really is. The rank and tile of the voters arc determined the saloon shall never come back but they also know that you can’t have beer and wine without having dispensing stations, and it doesn't make any difference whether these liquor selling joints go by the name of “saloon” or "cafe” or something else. Mr. Mack’s scheme is merely another nullification route and he w ill fool no man or woman who is in favor of enforcing the mandates of the Eight eenth Amendment. Scaling the Heights of American Citizenship Nothing more fearless, patriotic or encouraging—more con •onant with high grade Christian citizenship—has occurred than the declaration of the Anti-Saloon League superintendents of the •olid South, at their conference in Westerville, Ohio, June 20-28, of their purpose to support at the approaching presidential election “the candidate in sympathy with the honest enforcement of the prohibition laws.” The wet leaders had planned to force the national Democratic convention next year to nominate a man opposed to the Volstead act. They counted upon, in carrying out this scheme, the support of the solid South, that together with the aid of the wet states north and west, they would be able to elect a wet President. These superin tendents not only declare that they will personally work for the election of a dry President irrespective of the ticket he may be on, but that they will urge their followers to do likewise. In the lan guage of the street, the action of these Anti-Saloon League super intendents puts the wet scheme on the blink. It is not believed in face of this keen-cut declaration that the wet bosses will be able to put a wet man in the White House. Hats off to the dry forces of the Southland! Crime Less in Ohio Record of commitments for the past year to Ohio state peniten tiary is another unanswerable refutation to the claims advanced by the liquor interests that prohibition has increased crime. There was a decrease in commitments of 325 over the previous year, the num ber committed being 1.000. whereas in the old saloon days the popu lation ran as high as 2,600. NOT MUCH DANGER OF HIS DROWNING — ihe Indianapolis News. Pipe Dreams vs. Facts The Holy Writ relates an incident in which three hundred men, strategically placed and equipped, stampeded a vast army by mak ing a big noise. The grog sellers have adopted the same tactics in their endeav ors to overthrow prohibition. They are making a noise out of all proportion to their numbers. They are giving out all sorts of wild eyed stories about the increase in smuggling of liquors, break-down of dry law enforcement, wet presidential platforms and candidates, and the like. Over against these sheer allegations, stand the absolute col-' lapse of the so-called wet conventions and parades against prohi-i bition, the flocking of politicians to the dry standard, the vast num bers of business men who are increasingly supporting prohibition— men who have seen to their entire satisfaction what their worst competitor is, the attitude of the great fraternal organizations, the ringing resolutions of the great churches in their national meetings, the outspoken declarations of various labor organizations and the fact that in all popular elections the drys have steadily increased their majority—all these and many other similar facts show beyond the shadow of a doubt the true state of public opinion on the liquor question. These efforts of the liquor interests are simply much ado about nothing—a case of whistling through a dark woods to scare the spectre of further wet defeats away. In these efforts as in every thing that ther have tried the liquor interests will fail. The veter ans of the prohibition wars arc not so easily entrapped or deceived. “In vain is the snare set in the sight of an old bird.” Status of the British “Trade” Advices from England show the situation in the liquor camp is far from irenic. The trade is greatly discouraged over the steady progress of prohibition. Its methods of combatting prohibition arc hackneyed and meet with indifferent results. The liquor interests are making much show of reforming the public house—they are to be cleaned out and made “family resorts,” a la America in 1915. As a further means of defense a great convention is to be held in October in the city of Brussels when the boy-murderers and prostitute-producers hope to accomplish their end of checking pro hibition. A new magazine has been started charged with the dif ficult task of whitewashing a mudhole. An attempt is to be made to check further prohibition progress "with an organized counter offensive.” The troubles of the liquor fraternity are further in creased by a steadily falling consumption of liquor, ditto liquor securities. Added to this is the aggressiveness of the dry forces. As if this were not enough, the malt makers and distillers are in each other’s hair. It seemed that the brewers got a reduction in duty on their product. This led to a reduction in the quality of the beer and to a vigorous protest on the part of the beer-consuming communitv. The distillers charged the brewers with greed and in directlv aiding prohibition. Taking the situation alf in all. it is by no means rosy. “Whom the gods would destroy they first make mad.” Harding’s Portland Address The high ground taken by President Harding in bis Portland, Ore., speech, that there should be no place under the Stars and Stripes for aliens who violate American law, meets with hearty re sponse and approval from the American people. The statement of American jurists that a very large per cent of the dry law violators arc of alien birth has served to arouse in the hearts of American people an opposition to further acquisition of such citizens. This sentiment was expressed in the action of Congress in greatly limit ing immigration and it seems probable that even this small number will be still further reduced. We have no.place and should have no place or asylum for persons jvho come here from other lands with no higher appreciation of American law and the privileges of Amer j ican citizenship than to trample the one underfoot and to violate [ the other. We have had too much Mafia and Black-Hand already. In the earlier periods of American history the notion that America was the asylum for the oppressed of all nations very largely prevailed, but when these “oppressed” show such law-defying and law-violating tendencies it is not surprising that the American peo ple have altered their minds on that question. It will be remembered at'the last session of Congress a bill was | introduced to deport aliens for violating America’s prohibition law. It will be noticed that the President enlarges lii's conception of citi zenship so as to include all law violation. Every red-blooded Ameri can applauds the President’s position. Booze newspapers have ijoined the cry of the British press for the modification of the Volstead law in the interest of rum smugglers. i 1 -r— Real Elks and Eagles \yould scorn to use the booze found in many of the lodge rooms ofj these fraternal orders. • i J WASHINGTON NEWS LETTER Edited by Wayne B. Wheeler, General Counsel and Legislative Su perintendent; Edward B. Dunford, Assistant State Magistrates May Issue Arrest Warrants Under National Prohibi tion Act The question of the authority of state magistrates to issue warrants of arrest for offenses against the Na tional Prohibition Act as provided by section 2 of that act has been repeat edly raised. The Supreme Judicial Court of Massachusetas in the case of Goulis vs. Stone has just had occa sion to consider it. In an able opin ion written by Chief Justice Rugg the court held that under section 2 of the National Prohibition Act, making ap plicable to its enforcement section 1014 of the Revised Statutes of the United States, that state magistrates may issue warrants of arrest for of fenses against the National Prohibi tion Act. An application for a warrant of ar rest was made before the justice of the Third District Court of Eastern Middlesex, Massachusetts, by a Fed eral Prohibition Agent. The com plaint fded on February 22, 1922. charged the defendant with unlawful possession of intoxicating liquors in violation of the laws of the United States. A warrant was issued and ■the defendant was brought before the state court. Motion to dismiss the complaint was denied and after hear ing the court found that there was probable cause to believe that a vio lation of law had been committed and held the defendant on bail for his ap pearance before the United States .__ I District Court for the District of Mas sachusetts. The defendant immediately filed a petition for a writ of prohibition against the state court to test the validity of its action in remanding him to the United States District Court. The Supreme Judicial Court denied the writ of prohibition, stating; "There is no provision in the Constitution or statutes of this commonwealth which prevents hint from acting at his volition. It is manifest that there is noth ing in the public policy of the comonwcalth which constrains * him in this particular. By the Eighteenth Amendment to the hederal Constitution concurrent power to enforce its provisions is conferred both upon Congress and upon the several states. The duty rests as strongly upon one as upon the other. Common wealth vs. Nickerson, 236 Mass. 281. . . . “It was the duty of the re spondent acting under said Sec tion 1014 if he found probable cause to hold the accused for trial before the United States District Court for the District of Massachusetts. That is the only ‘such court of the United States as by law has cognizance of the offense of criminal violations of the National Prohibition Act.’ The Judicial Code of the United States S 24 Second Act of Con gress of March 3. 1911. 36 Unit- * < ed States Stat. at U. c. 231." France’s Falling Birth-Rate According to dath given out by the National Alliance, an organi zation for the increase of French population, the number of births in France in 1868 was 1,034,000; in 1915 it was 846,000. Statisticians estimate that by 1926 the number of births will have fallen to 500,000 or less. The births now exceed the deaths by less than 35,000. I he French birth-rate shows a responsiveness to the per capita consumption of alcoholic liquors too great to be accidental. Alco holic indulgence, investigations show, superinduces, in both sexes, abnormally early sterility. But as important as this item is to France's problem of popu lation it is not the whole story—alcoholism increases the number of maternal accidents, brings about an increased number of epileptics and monsters. France must solve her drink problem before she makes much progress in solving her population problem. _— ^ Lest We Forget The wet nulliticationists who are working for the overthrow of tlie prohibition policy, keep constantly before the people by the aid of newspapers unfriendly to prohibition the more flagrant cases of dry law violations. If a murder results from the drinking of outlawed liquor it is loudly proclaimed. All arrests for drunkenness occurring on special f fete days of various cities are announced under glaring headlines. If an unusual amount of contraband liquor is seized the story is featured, often in syndicated articles. The purpose of this publicity campaign of law' violations con ducted by the wets is to create the impression that conditions arc worse under prohibition than they would be under some sort of a license system. This publicity is not hurting the dry cause if the friends of law enforcement will only keep in mind conditions as they existed in the old saloon days. In fact, it will prove to be a teal aid to better enforcement. When in a city of several hundred ’thousand the newspapers '* announce that anywhere from a half-dozen to a score of arrests have been made for drunkenness, go back in memory four years to the old saloon days. You will have to depend largely upon your mem ory, for the fact is, newspapers in those days paid little attention to drunkenness arrests. The arrest of a drunk was not news because it was a commonplace event. The fact that newspapers feature such arrests these days is a testimonial of the effectiveness of prohibition. Enforcement <>f the dry law is not perfect but the difference between partial prohibition and wide-open saloon conditions is so marked that anyone whdsc« memory extends back four years can not fail to recognize the dif ference. In those days the beer truck had right of way on every thorough fare. Nowadays a truckload of beer on a city’s streets would cause a panic. In those days a saloon on every prominent business corner land in some cities solid blocks of them, welcomed all comers. Now the thirsty one. if he finds a drink at all, must sneak up some back alley and know the password before he can enter the dive where the poisonous concoction of the bootlegger is dispensed at an exorbitant * price. * This is the situation that brings about conditions of which the following reported from Provo, Utah, is typical. On the big steel day in that city, with 15,000 visitors in addition to the 10,000 resi- * dents, there w'ere but two drunks gathered in by the vigilant police, whereas in the days of a dozen saloons it would have taken all the jails in the county to care for them. Provo’s experience is the common experience. Friends of dry law' enforcement must not forget the old saloon days. Pity the New York Policeman Palmer Canfield, state prohibition director of New York, has written Mayor Hylan that he will call to Governor Smith’s atten tion any case in which municipal authorities wilfully ignore the Governor’s construction of their responsibility to continue to en force the national prohibition law. Pity the poor New York policeman. The Governor says he j must help enforce the federal prohibition law, although the Gov I ernor himself renounces responsibility cf the state to assist the fed eral government. Police Commissioner Enright says the policeman.V j need not help unless he wishes to, and is backed up in this ruling j by an opinion of the corporation counsel.