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The American Issue
Illinois Edition THE ANTI-SALOON LEAGUE OF ILLINOIS . 1200 Security Building, Chicago. PUBLICATION OFFICE. WESTERVILLE. OHIO Issued bi-weekly except during the month of August. ERNEST H. CHERRINGTON, Editor O. G. CHRISTGAU, Illinois Editor Illinois Office, 1200 Security Building, Chicago. PRICE SI.00 PER YEAR- Make subscription* payable to the Anti-Saloon League of Illinois, 1*00 Security llldg., Chicago, Illinois. Entered as second-cUm» matter at the postoffice at VYcsterville, Ohio, under the Act of j March .1, 1879. ' * j Notice to Postmasters All Form notices for change of address or discontinuance and all • vmleliverable. papers pertaining to the Illinois Edition of The American Issue should be ! Addressed to the llliuois Editor, 1200 Security Building, Chicago, Illinois. ANTI SALOON LEAGUE OF ILLINOIS Headquarters, 1200 Security Building. Chicago. STATE OFFICERS President, W. \V. Bennett. Rockford. Nice P-esidents, Will B. Otwell, ( arlinville; 1. D. Mettgar, Moline; Alfred T. Capps, Jacksonville; F. O. Wilson, Mt. Carmel. Secretary, John R. Golden, Decatur. Treasurer, Ihomas J. Bolger, Chicago. HEADQUARTERS COMMITTEE- Charles K. Coleman, Chairman, Chicago; M. P. ! Boynton, Secretary, Chicago; John R. Golden, Decatur; John Rudin, Chicago; John It j Hauberg, Rock Island; A. J. Scrugtn. Lexington; George H. Wilson, Quincy; Bishop j Thomas .Nicholson Chicago; Tho». J. Bolger, Chicago; W. W. Bennett. STATE SUPERINTENDENT— F. Scott McBride, Chicago. ASSISTANT TO THE STATE SUPERINTENDENT Alice Odell. DEPARTMENT SUPERINTENDENTS—(Headquarters, Chicago)—Legal and Law En* forcemrnt, Jos. H Collier; Literature and Publicity, O. (i. Christgau; Woman’s Department, | Mrs. G. M. Matties; Assist., Miss Margaret Wintringcr. DISTRICT SUPERINTENDENTS—North Side Chicago, C. E. Peterson: South Side Chicago, J. A. Little. Northwest Side Chicago, Warren G. Jones; Southwest Side Chicago, J. W. Langley; Northern, tiro McGinnis, Chicago; Northeastern. H. H. Rood, Chicago; Eastern, N R. Johnson, Springfield; Western, G. W. James, Galesburg; Central, Geo. H. Yule, Springfield; Southern, l.ro Howard, East St. Louis. I BUSINESS MANAGER -U. W. Ewing, Chicago. FIELD ATTORNEY —Jas. II Danskin. FIELD WORKER C. K. Dowdell. SCANDINAVIAN WORK ( . J. Andreen. ANTI-SALOON LEAGUE OF AMERICA NATIONAL OFFICERS— President, Bishop Thomas Nicholson, 1). D., LL. D., 28 j Fast Washington St., Chicago; General Superintendent, P. A. Baker, D.D., Westerville, Ohio; Associate General Superintendent, E. J. Moore, Westerville, Ohio: Treasurer, Foster Copeland, Columbus, Ohio. Hold 'Em, Chicago As this is written, a little over two weeks after the Chicago con- 1 ference of enforcement officials, the lines of law and order arc hold ing well. The most effective play so far used has been the cancella tion by the mayor of soft drink licenses held by saloonkeepers. Ap proximately four hundred reported as violators by the city police, have lost their licenses. Several have made a legal kick against can cellation of their licenses and have tried to have them restored through mandamus proceedings. The city government is planning to "block that kick” by tiling injunction suits under the Illinois pro hibition act against all license-losers who resort to the mandamus in an effort to regain their licenses. This combination of permanent revocation and injunction has the liquor forces pretty well baffled. One thing still needed to make Chicago what the sporting writers | call a real triple threat artist, is the jail sentence against liquor law j breakers. Under the Illinois prohibition act, first offenders can be ; put behind the bars for as long as six months. If Chicago substitutes j the jail sentence for the utterly ineffective light fine it will go a long j ways towards insuring victory for law and order. So far both the i jail sentence and the injunction have been under blankets on the 1 side lines. The booze forces are a desperate gang of dirty fighters. The full force of the law and order side should be thrown into the j field against the law-breakers. County Supervisors Control Enforcement Power By appropriating money for the use of states attorneys and sheriffs, county supervisors can insure prohibiton enforcement. This is being done in quite a number of counties with very satisfactory results. The money appropriated is used to hire special investi gators and special deputies to secure evidence of liquor law viola tions. The prosecution of violators made possible by the appropria- \ tion of funds for special investigators and deputies has invariably resulted in the collection of fines and penalties in amounts two or three times greater than the appropriation for enforcement. This means that the law was enforced at no additional expense to the taxpayers; in fact, it was enforced at a profit to the treasury. The most important result has been the suppression of liquqr lawlessness in counties where the supervisors have taken action. There is no reason why every county in Illinois, including Cook county, should not appropriate money for prohibition enforcement work. This plan offers quick and certain results. If your county supervisors have not yet taken steps to insure law enforcement, get in touch with them and point out their powers and duties under the law. The Anti-Saloon League, through its legal department and its field at torney, will gladly give any needed information and cboperation. Why Vote For Indorsed Candidates in the Primaries Indorsement by the Anti-Saloon League is the best guarantee that a legislative candidate will, if elected, support the program of the dry forces in Illinois. The history of the prohibition tight in this state is full of examples of candidates who assured voters that they were dry, but who refused to support the dry program when the roll was called at Springfield. A noted example was that of a lower house member who gave every assurance that he would be dry, but when the roll was called he voted wet with the explanation that he was opposed to the search and seizure sections of the enforcement bill. Numerous other wet votes have been cast in the legislature b\ men who claimed to be dry but failed to vote for the particular legislation agreed upon by the dry forces in formulating their legis lative program. Accordingly, the voter who wants a vote to count for prohibition enforcement should have some sort of reliable as surance in advance that the candidate who receives that vote will support the entire dry program if he is elected. The best guarantee that can be given is the indorsement of the Anti-Saloon League, which goes to great trouble and expense to learn as certainly as pos sible what the attitude of the candidate w.ill be relative to the par ticular legislation advocated by the drvs of the state for the coming session. Another strong reason why voters should follow the indorse ment of the Anti-Saloon League, particularly in the case of candi dates for the lower house, is that the League indorsement enables drv voters to concentrate their strength upon the right number of candidates. It is very clear that if the drvs divide their votes among a half dozen dry candidates, while the wets center their votes upon ore or two wet candidates, the chances in favor of the nomination of the wets are very great. This can be prevented if dry voters fol low the indorsement of the League and cast their votes only for the candidate or candidates endorsed. This will result in centering the dry strength upon the candidate or candidates who can be nominated b\ the number of dry voters in any particular district. By follow ing League indorsements voters do not run the risk that their votes will be wasted on candidates who are not really dry, or upon dry candidates who have no chance to win against a concentrated wet vote I Chicago is a great city, made up of a great people; but her “I Will" must he better and more strongly applied. She must say to the whole world: I will clean out this gang of organized crime—then do it. Crooked politics and crooked office holders must meet the same fate as the pug-nozed, square-jawed guntoter and all that class of men who feed and fatten upon the frailties and helplessness of their fellow men and women. Such things as the war among the beer factions arc not conceived and guided by the ignorant and sub-normal —the irresponsible. They may be used in carrying on the criminal activities; but they are organized and directed by brains. The leaders are known. Most of them arc public characters—men who have been active in Chicago in almost every bit of law-breaking and law-defying on a considerable scale for a number of years. Surely the citizenry of that metropolis are not so dead to decency that they will permit rotten politics and rotten politicians to con tinue this sort of thing merely because the leaders and bosses of these criminal gangs have votes to deliyer. In recent years Chicago, as great at it is, has had her greatness over shadowed by the adverse publicity which has come from the activity of criminal gangs. And it is just as well to recognize that these gangs arc a product of the larger gangs which seek td control the city in a political way. In fact the impression is fast gaining ground that the gangs arc so interwoven that it would be hard to sort out the one from the other. Chicago—decent Chicago—can not play with this kind of mud and con tinue to challenge the world's admiration.—Champaign Gazette. - l Fines Do Not Punish The law provides for the punishment of law breakers. The pur pose of punishment is to prevent the repetition of the same offense bv the same offender and to prevent similar wrongful acts by others. When punishment is slow or uncertain or inadequate it loses the desired effect upon the law'breaker and fails to set an example that will be heeded by others. Reports from all parts of Illinois show that a great number of liquor law breakers, after being convicted, are simply fined a small amount. In a great many cases the minimum fine of one hundred dollars and costs is all the penalty paid. In most cases a line of one hundred dollars, and in many cases a fine of one thousand dollars, is not a punishment for the law j breaker. Neither is a line an effective warning to others against [ violating the liquor laws. The bootlegger excused with a fine that j represents a small portion of his profits will go right on breaking ! the law. Others in the bootlegging business, or contemplating j entry into the business of making or selling intoxicants will not be deterred by the knowledge that a boot-legger has been fined. On the contrary the fine is an encouragement to liquor lawlessness be cause it in effect guarantees law breakers that they will not be ' punished if caught, but merely permitted to give up a part of their! profits in the form of a fini. Crime cannot be prevented without j punishment. The way to punish liquor law breakers is to send ' them to jail. Send them certainly, send them quickly and send ; them for terms long enough to discourage further disregard of law, 1 not only by the person sent to jail, but by others contemplating ! similar lawless acts. - ! Escaping the Second Offense Penalty Are the state and federal prosecutors and courts making ef-! fective use of the penalty provided for a second conviction of liquor law breakers? Are second offenders escaping punishment through [ carelessness of officials or through actual design on the part of those j who prosecute and sentence violators? Information reaching T.lie j American Issue arouses a strong suspicion that many offenders 1 guilty for the second time are not being sent to the penitentiary as the law provides. One method of evading second offense convic-! tibn is said to he the proseciition of the offender in the state ’court if the first conviction was in the federal courts, and vice versa. Other means and methods enabling offenders previously Convicted to escape the second offense penalty are apparently being used. The American Issue invites any of its readers who may have informa tion, or may he able to obtain information, to co-operate in exposing methods which enable second offenders to escape the second con viction penalty. Write to Editor, American Issue, 1200 Security Building, Chicago. Telephone number, Main 1069. Issue and Wet Editor Agree—-Almost One of the most bitter enemies of prohibition in Illinois is the editor of the Belleville News-Democrat. He has probably used more uncomplimentary adjectives with reference to prohibition since January 16, 1920, than any other editorial writer in the state. This does not except the Chicago Tribune, which leads in volume of false logic directed against the dry law, but yields first place to the down-state editor when it comes to anti-prohibition invective. Although the American Issue is the dryest and the Belleville News Democrat the wettest paper in Illinois, both agree—almost—on this paragraph recently printed hv the latter. Von will never get rid of prohibition in the United States except through the impartial and vigorous enforcement of the nefarious, the oppressive, the unreasonable and the tyrannical prohibition law. Moonshining and whitc-mtileteering and bootlegging must be abolished first, and then you can abolish prohibition, and not before then. Disregarding adjectives, this is our difference with the Belle ville editor. He thinks that strict enforcement will do away with prohibition. We know that strict enforcement will make prohibi tion permanent. * Arrested Again—Fined a Year Ago The Princeton Republic, telling of anti-liquor activities by the sheriff’s office at Spring Valley, printed this: Another raid Saturday morning resulted in the arrest of Charles Tam bourine, who runs a soft drink saloon in the Fabri building on West St. Paul street. Tambourine was formerly a blacksmith at Arlington. He was fined about a year ago for bootlegging. This case illustrates the ineffectiveness of fines. If this particular law breaker had been jailed the first time it might have made a second arrest unnecessary. The citizens of Bureau county ought to be interested in whether this man arrested again will be given a jail sentence if convicted for the second time. Mrs. Stoddard Leaves a Record of Service Mrs. Bela M. Stoddard, who recently died at her home in Minonk was one of the best friends of the prohibition cause in the state of Illinois. Her interest and her aid in the fight for prohi bition laws and enforcement were a great contribution to the strength of the dry forces* As one of the noble women who were willing to serve and who sacrificed in order that our country might be free from the liquor traffic. Mrs. Stoddard’s name deserves a place on the list with Frances Willard and other Illinois women who fought well for the protection of future generations against the drink evil. The Minonk News-Dispatch included the following in its account of the passing away of Mrs. Stoddard: She was always active in the work of the Woman's Christian Temperance IT IS THE SAME OLD BEER • '4 I 1 he specious argument" that light wines and beer are not intoxicating is not only disproved by the fact that men obviously and intentionally get drunk on them, but is weakened by the contradictory position of their advocates themselves compared with what it was in the days when the sale of intoxicat ing liquors was licensed in this country. In those good old days nobody ever raised the question as to whether beer was intoxicating because it was not only recognized as such by common con sent, but by the law. It was because it was known to be intoxicating that it was manufactured and sold, always under the explicit license of the govern ment as directed and regulated by the internal revenue bureau, and at least theoretically under the licensing ordinances and laws of cities and states. Those who still remember the picture presented by the saloons whose traffic was by law limited to beer need not be told that beer is not intoxicating, be cause they have ample proof to the contrary. The proprietors of lawless resorts had no false beliefs regarding the potency of beer. They knew that those who drank it to excess would become drunk and irresponsible, and ready to squander their money without thought of the duty they owed to their dependents or to themselves. And those who indulged in beer habitually knew, as they know now, that it was intoxicating. That is its only appeal. Were it not intoxicating, there would be no greater demand for it by habitual drinkers than there is for the so-called near-beer substitutes which are now on the market.—Springfield Register. LAYING1 BLAME Chief of Police Collins in Chicago, addressing a meeting of ministers, said the police of that city can not enforce the liquor laws because the courts refuse to co-operate. States Attorney Worth of Logan county makes the assertion that the police of Lincoln do not co-operate to enforce the liquor laws. His efforts alone arc not sufficient. These little stories from the largest and one of the smaller cities in the state embrace the shame of Illinois. When some officers are prepared to do their duty, there are other officials who balk and refuse to do theirs. What is reported from Chicago and Lincoln is prevalent in hundreds of communities throughout the United States. It explains the general disrespect for law which is the forerunner of an anarchy, much more to be feared than the machinations of Russian communists to overthrow the Republic. A generation of what Chief Collins and Prosecutor Worth describe and there will be no republic to overthrow.—Springfield Journal. PROHIBITION CAN PROHIBIT "They tell you that prohibition cannot prohibit, that the nefarious traffic is increasing its intensity among us. But they who talk thus are fooling no body but themselves. The laws arc being enforced, and any law that Con gress sees fit to pass will be enforced. The wettest spot on this continent is New York. There is a conglomeration of people assembled there, who do*» not understand our language, who arc unfamiliar with our laws and our customs and who are avowedly opposed to what they term sumptuary legis lation in restricting the habits of the people of the land. But even in New York the prohibition laws arc being enforced. There arc no open saloons there, and there is nobody in that city from the Battery to the Bronx who* can get a drink of liquor without first having been properly introduced. I presided over court in New York not long ago. A number of the cases that came before me were liquor violations. In the first case tried a verdict of ‘not guilty’ was rendered although the evidence indicated the contrary. In the second case no guilt found. Hesitancy prevailed in the third, and in the fourth a ‘guilty’ verdict was brought in, and thereafter whenever the facts war ranted verdicts of ’guilty’ were returned by the juries. There is not iu all the world a meaner criminal than the bootlegger, and it is a greater pleasure for me to sentence one of them to jail, when the facts indicate that he is guilty, as it is to sit down to a meal. Any man who justifies that stuff, defends, or buys it. is little better than the bootlegger, and a mighty poor citizen.”—Judge Louis fitzhenry of the LT. S. district court, Springfield. Union and in the anti-saloon movement. Mrs. Stoddard was a charter mem ber of the Twentieth Century club of Minonk and at her death she was presi dent of Woman’s Missionary society of the Presbyterian church. In the passing of this woman of high ideals, whose influence for good was a fine asset to Minonk, the community grieves. Fearless in her ider.ls, courage-** ous in her conceptions, she wielded a strong influence in the city’s welfare, although she was a woman of home, a wife and mother first of all. Bootleggers Scarce—Fountain Waits Here is a sad story about the result of prohibition enforcement in the beautiful city of Oregon, Illinois, as related by the Freeport Journal-Standard: Because bootleggers have been so scarce here this season, the sidewalks that was planned to circle the memorial fountain given the city by Lorado Taft, noted artist, whose summer home is near Oregon, cannot be built. Fines collected from bootleggers are being used to improve Mix park where the fountain stands, and sufficient funds to build the walk are not yet available. The fountain will not be dedicated until after the walk is laid. Commissioner Blair Under Fire The Philadelphia North American, evidently actuated by a de sire to save the Republican party to which it is loyal from a charge of unfaithfulness in the enforcement of prohibition laws and also* no doubt actuated by an earnest desire for strict enforcement of the prohibition law, has made charges which if true ought to be a mat ter of grave concern to the Republican administration at Wash ington. Briefly the charges are that Prohibition Commissioner Haynes’ hands are tied both in defining policies and in the selection of ef-r ficient enforcement officers. His hands are tied, says the editorial, by the Commissioner of Internal Revenue, who is a subordinate of the Secretary of the Treasury. Mr. Haynes in reply to the editorial corroborates some of the charges made by the North American but declares that in the main there is cooperation between his office and his superiors, Secretary Mellon and Commissioner Blair. The editorial reveals enough to present strong argument for the change of method in the enforcement of the prohibition law. It , would greatly simplify matters to take the enforcement of the pro hibition law out of the hands of the Treasury Department and put it under the Attorney General’s department or gjake it a separate unit with a head responsible to the President. f A Meaningless Vote The Liberal Alliance is conducting a straw vote in many Ohio cities on the question of bringing back beer. This wet aggregation A has placed ballot boxes in cafes, poolrooms and kindred places. It does not appear that there is any restriction on the voting. A beer thirsty man ,or woman maty vote as many times as desired or under as many names as their ingenuity will suggest. It occasions no surprise that those who are conducting this straw vote announce that the result is from 90 to 95 per cent wet. These votes will undoubtedly be baled like so much hay and some time next winter presented to Congress as evidence of a tremendous uprising in favor of modifying the Volstead law. Some Congress men may be impressed by the volume of the ballots without stopping to consider under what conditions these ballots were obtained. The fact is, this wet straw vote is as meaningless in interpret ing the true sentiment of the voters of Ohio as the straw vote taken in the Buckeye State last fall by the Cincinnati Enquirer on the same question. _ , What sort of material have you for mayor this fall? Better get a line on your candidates. Jjftr,.