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The American Issue .
Illinois Edition *: Volume XVIII WESTERVILLE, OHIO. DECEMBER 14. 1923 Number 23 - i __ W < JUDGE GEMM1LL ON PROGRAM OF ANTI-SALOON LEAGUE STATE CONVENTION ji NOTED DRY SPEAKERS ACCEPT INVITATIONS TO STATE DRY RALLY * Wayne B. Wheeler Coining From Washington to Address Gathering JUDGE GEMMILL’S REPORT AWAITED WITH INTEREST Many Noted Dry Leaders Have Been Invited ANNIVERSARY BANQUET FEATURE One of the most interesting ad dresses to be delivered at the State Convention of the Anti-Saloon League to be held in Chicago February 7 and 8 will be that of Judge Wm. N. Getn mill. For a great many years Wm. N. Gemmill was a judge in the municipal court of Chicago. In the recent elec tions he was named as a Superior Court judge. Judge Gemmill has long been an earnest advocate of prohibi tion. He has given special study to the results of the dry law particularly relative to crime and imprisonment. The results of his early studies have been given by him iu the form of addresses delivered on various occa sions. These reports on prohibition results have been widely reprinted by the newspapers and magazines and throughout the United States. They have also been put into leaflet form for distribution by the Anti-Saloon League and other law enforcement or ganizations. At the Illinois League state convention Judge Gemmill is ex pected to give the results of his recent nation-wide investigations on the ef fect of prohibition laws. He is cx ■* pitted to give soiHc siarlliug figures on changes wrought by the Eighteenth Amendment particularly in the matter of jail population. National Attorney Coming W'aync B. Wheeler, national attor ney and legislative superintendent for the Anti-Saloon League, will also ap pear on the convention program. Dr. Wheeler is probably the most noted defender of prohibitian in the dry ranks. As legislative superintendent at Washington Dr. Wheeler leads the fight to prevent the passage of w-et legislation by Congress. It is Dr. Whcejpr who exposes the fallacies and weaknesses of wet bills introduced in Congress and leads in the mobiliza tion of forces for the defeat of such legislation. Dr. Wheeler is also the chief defender of dry laws in our courts. Repeatedly he has appeared before the Supreme Court of the > United States to defeat the efforts of the wets who have kept up a constant fight to weaken enforcement legisla tion through adverse court decisions. Catholic Orator Will Speak Father Joseph McNamee, noted Catholic priest in the city of Chicago, has also accepted an invitation to speak on the state convention pro gram. For years Father McNamee has been one of the most aggressive enemies of the liquor traffic in the state of Illinois. In the early days of the fight Father McNamee did valiant service in helping outlaw saloons un der the local option law. In many cities and villages his earnest appeals resulted in a majority for the dry side. Few men in Illinois have earned greater hatred by the liquor traffic | or greater respect by the dry forces, j Col. Smith Invited , Among other speakers who have been invited by the Anti-Saloon League arc Chief of Police Morgan A. Collins of Chicago, State’s Attorney i A. V. Smith of Lake county, Hon. Homer Tice, leader of the dry forces1 in the lower House at Springfield, Ex-j Senator Cuthbertson, a dry leader in the state Senate and a member of the I Anti-Saloon League State Board, and: Mrs. Lottie Holman O'Neill, state | Representative from the Forty-first District. Big Anniversary Banquet One of the chief events of the con vention will be the celebration of the1 25th anniversary of the founding of \ the Anti-Saloon League of Illinois. I For this celebration there will be a great banquet at the Morrison Hotel where preparations are being made to serve over a thousand guests on this occasion. In the choice of speakers and the arrangement of the two-day conven ts tion program particular attention is being given to the problems of law enforcement and legislation. It is the purpose of the Anti-Saloon League to 1 make the program as definitely help ful as possible. Men and women will be asked to speak of their actual per sonal success in the fight for prohibi tion enforcement. Officials who have achieved notable results will explain their methods. The legislative prob-[ lents will be discussed by experts in < this field. The importance of the pri-j ntary on April 8 will be emphasized; and definite plans made to defend the j | Illinois prohibition act through the' nomination of dry legislative candi-1 dates. Pinchot Tickets Ready Soon The culminating event of the con ! vention will be the great enforcement: mass meeting at Orchestra Hall on J the evening of February 8. Because j of the great number who will be eager l to hear Gifford Pinchot, the fighting j governor of Pennsylvania, reserved seat tickets arc being printed for this ; meeting. These tickets should he sc-i cured as far in advance as possible. I They will be ready for distribution j within the next few days, i All churches, temperance organiza j tions, young people’s societies, local ] | W o m e n ’ s Christian Temperance ' | Unions, Good Templars, Sunday | schools, civic and enforcement organi-i : zations are invited to send delegates. | For full information address Conven- 1 , tion Department, Anti-Saloon League! j of Illinois, 1200 Security Building,! | Chicago. _ HOTEL MEN PROMISE AID j TO S1CP GUESTS DRINKING The co-operation of Chicago hotel managers has been secured by Prohi-j bition Director Owen in support of, prohibition enforcement. In response! to requtst from Mr. Owen approxi- j mately 40 managers of the leading; hotels in Chicago called at his office i recently for a conference. Matters, concerning the enforcement of prohi-j bition were discussed at great length j and all present expressed themselves j as being perfectly willing to adopt anyj1 set of rules that would help. All stated that ithey would co-operate in J every way with the prohibition J1 director towards absolutely overcom-li ing the use of liquor in hotels. j i WESTERN DISTRICT DRYS HONOR VETERAN FIGHTER OF ANTI-SALOON LEAGUE James Congratulated by Leaders Who Rejoice Over Progress for Dry Law ■ - I The following republished from the Galesburg Republican Register is relative to a celebration in honor of the Western district superintendent of the Anti-Saloon League, Rev. G. W. James. The American Issue adds its tribute and congratulations to this faithful fighter in the dry cause. Urging the dry voters of the forty- j third Senatorial district to promote the! election of a dry delegation to the j Illinois general assembly from this district and to give the Rev. G. W. James, district superintendent of the Anti-Saloon League, loyal support in hi. effort to bring this about, F. Scott McBride, Illinois superintendent of the League, in his address last night at, the celebration of the tenth anniversary j of the Rev. Mr. Jomes as district superintendent, disclosed the political; situation in Illinois, and the necessity of the down state dry voters, men and women alike, seeing that the majority! of the dries in the legislature is main tained. Me depicted the situation as critical and calling for the utmost ef forts of the dries, due to the large number of wet members that Cook j county will nominate and elect. Mrs. B. M. Bland, president of the Galesburg W. C. T. U., brought the greetings of that organization in the district, commending Mr. James for his splendid and efficient work and the co-operation that he had given them. She also warmly praised! the work of the sheriff, the state’s at- j torney, the mayor and police force, i the county judge, and Mr. Dowdell! for their fine and thorough efforts in | law enforcement. She reminded all i that the ballot is the weapon of lasti -esort and must be used. Mayor Given Aid 'Mayor E. W. Mureen then added! tis congratulations to the others, and said that the battle will require the | :o-operation not meiely on the part of ji . j i *k- .. / 3. JUDGE WILLIAM N. GEMMILL One of the most important and interesting addresses on the program for the state convention of the Anti-Saloon League to be held in Chicago, Kebruary 7 and 8, will be delivered by Judge William N, Gemmill, recently elected to the superior court of Cook county. Judge Gemmill is a veteran advocate of ! prohibition enforcement and has made a special study of the effect of dry | laws upon crime. LIQUOR LAW WILL BE ENFORCED TO THE LIMIT IN CHICAGO (Herald and Examiner) The law-enforcing officials oi Chicago will not stop their fight against the illicit sale of intoxi cating liquors until every boot legger in town is either put out on business or jailed. This is the promise of Chief of I’olice Collins, who spoke be fore the Advertising Men's Post of the American Legion Mon day on "What the Police arc Doing and What They Have to Contend With.” “Neither Mayor Dever nor I is a prohibitionist,” said the chief, “but all laws that come under our jurisdiction must be enforced. "It is not for us to decide whether these laws are too harsh or whether certain laws should be enforced. As law-enforcing officials, we must see to it that every law is enforced and to punish the violators.” all the officers, but also on the part of the citizens. -j He commended .the Anti-Saloon League and Mr. James for the aid given. He declared the menace of the day is disrespect for laws in gen- j oral, resulting from disregard of this , law. Dr. D. C. McCown, chairman of I the committee, brought an encourag ing report of the progress made dur ing ‘the past ten years and showed the j large part that Mr. James had had) in shaping the results in this stat?. Hr appealed to all to do their best? in their respective districts to return dry men to ithe legislature, and to give cordial aid to Mr. James along this line. He paid a compliment to Congressmen King and Graham and advocated their return. I Eulogy by Boutelle States Attorney A. J. Boutelle fol ' -J v.':h a fine eulogy of the spirit . ce operation that Mr. James had I shown in bringing about law cnforce ' incut and the punishment of violators. It afforded him pleasure to speak a word of encouragement, not merely for Mr. James, but for the Anti , Saloon organization. He mentioned ; the r. appropriation by the board of j supervisors for law enforcement in | bringing about which Mr. James help ! ed. He also told of the appearance | of Mr. James before the grand jury. I of his presentment there of evidence, and of the applause given him by that I body as he concluded his testimoney.: Mr. Boutelle said ithat a states attor : ney in prosecuting these liquor cases often stands alone, while on the other side are astute attorneys and their hackers, and he indicated his apprecia tion of the presence in the court room 1 of people tha/t believe in law enforce ment. He always felt encouraged by the presence in the audience of men and women enthusiastic for law en forcement. Fred R. Jelliff spoke briefly of the fidelity of Mr. James in Christian ser-! vice, of his faith as the real source of, his power, and of his devotion to all his church duties. . On motion of Dr. Wakefield, the garthering unanimously commended Congressman King, Representatives WYst,. Cutler, and Rice and Senator Jewell, and Judge Stickney, States At torney Boutelle, Sheriff W7ilson, Mayor Mtireen, and Chief Swickard for their efforts in behalf of the law. The prayer of the evening was of fered by the Rev. Mr. Shuey and the singing of hymns was interspersed be tween the exercises. MAYOR DEVER RE-AFFIRMS LAW-ENFORCEMENT STAND In an address to a group of Chi cago bankers and business men last Monday Mayor Dever again declared his intention to enforce the prohibition laws to the limit. He again made it dear that he would not give up the fight to enforce the laws he has sworn to uphold. Mayor Dever expressed regret that it was necessary for him to devote so much of his time to the enforcement problem. The difficulty of his task, he explained, is made greater because some officials are not willing to do their share. He de clared that if all officials would to their duty and use their powers under the law the work of prohibition enforce ment could be easily done. "Passing the buck” from one official to another, Mayor Dever declared, is the greatest handicap in the way of law enforce ment. i COOK COUNTY ENFORCEMENT DRIVE 3 GAINS PROMISE OF CO-OPERATION $ BY FEDERAL AND COUNTY OFFICERS l Attorney General Also Gives Assurance of Help in Campaip; U. S. Grand Jury Will Investigate SPECIAL ATTENTION TO COUNTY FIGHT DIRECTED BY COMMISSIONER HAYNES Director Percy Owen and Sherift Hoffman Gathering Evidence Against Suburban Roadhouses COOK CO. BOARD AGAIN ASKED FOR SPECIAL ENFORCEMENT FUND Considerable progress has been made in the special Cook county en forcement drive suggested by the Anti-Saloon League several weeks ago. Encouraging responses have come to the appeal made by the League through the American Issue. The importance of the Cook county drive has been emphasized by the mur der of a booze runner while transport ing beer toward Chicago, presumably from Joliet. This directed attention to lawless conditions outside of Chi cago city limits. Nearly all officials with power to enforce prohibition in Cook county, have assured the Anti-Saloon League that they would give special attention to this territory. Prohibition Com missioner Haynes and State Director Owen have both agreed to do what! they can to stop liquor'law breaking in Cook county territory outside of Chi cago. A number of raids have al ready been made by the federal forces in this territory. United States Dis trict Attorney Edwin A. Olson in a letter to the League expressed his willingness to co-operate in the Cook county enforcement drive. Federal grand jury investigation of the beer situation in Chicago and Cook county has been started under direc tion of the district attorney. Witnesses will be summoned by the | grand jury to sift reports of collusion 1 and "fixing” between beer runners, deputy sheriffs and Chicago police. Mr. Olson has assigned Jacob AJ Grossman, Harold L. Hart, Edward jJ Hess and John Elliott Byrne, his as- , sisants to the task of getting the! evidence before the grand jury. State's Attorney Promises Action Attorney General Brundage has also | given his personal assurance of help, from his department in the Anti Saloon League Cook county enforce-: ment drive. State's Attorney Crowe: has assured the League that lie will, prosecute all cases of liquor law vio lation brought to bis attention. Sheriff Hoffman and his deputies on Monday night of this week raided a number of road houses, mostly in the territory south and southwest of Chicago. The sheriff’s raids followed the presenta tion of affidavits by the Better Gov ernment Association. Representatives, of this association with a committee of citizens appeared before the sheriff, | told him of lawless conditions and ap pealed for action by the sheriff’s office. With most of the enforcement of ficials giving special attention to the drive against lawlessness in Cook: county the prospect of complete en-j forceme-nt in Chicago and vicinity is very promising. The purpose of the Anti-Saloon League in initiating the concerted movement by officials and citizens is to put prohibition enforce ment in Cook county on a permanent basis. The League's plan did not con-' template merely temporary relief with occasional action by the officials. It is the purpose of the League to help develop a plan of continuous co-opera-! tion by officials and citizens that will, guarantee permanent enforcement of; the law. Among the things necessary, to the achievement of this purpose, are: Further Action Needed 1. Appropriations by the Cook' county board to ccver the expense of additional help needed by the sheriff' and the state's attorney. In other counties boards of supervisors have' provided enforcement funds to enable; sheriffs to hire extra deputies and to' ehable state’s attorneys to employ special investigators. Invariably en-j forcement funds thus provided have, not only resulted in better enforcement' but have resulted in returns to the! | county treasury in the form of fines in amounts from two to four times greater than the sums appropriated. 2. Greater activity by local officials. Mayors and village presidents in . municipalities of Cook county outside of Chicago have great power to help enforce prohibition. They can do in their municipalities what Mayor Dever has done end is dong in Chi cago. Up to the present time local officials have been inactive in most of the territory outside of Chicago where the law i» being openly vio lated. Citizens Must Be Aroused 3. Greater interest and activity on the part of citizens in co-operation with the officials. Up to the present time the citizens of Cook county ter ritory involved in the prohibition en forcement drive have shown less in terest and activity than the officials. A number of enforcement rallies feat uring the dramatic debate "Can the Law Be Enforced" will be held. But more widespread efforts to arouse public opinion in support of the Cook county drive must he made. Citizens have thus far failed almost completely to co-operate with officials by provid ing reliable information relative to vio lations. While it is the duty of the officials to secure the evidence, citizens can through the Anti-Saloon League or directly furnish officials wjth ,i” formation that will enable them to sc , cure the actual evidence of liquor law breaking. The following arc some of the letters ! received from officials pledging their j support to the effort of the Anti | Saloon League to complete cnforce j ment in Chicago by driving violators I out of adjacent territory. Commissioner Haynes Approves Drive Office of Federal Prohibition Director, Treasury Department, Washington, D. C., November 19, 1923 Mr. F. Scott McBride, State Superintendent, Anti-Saloon League, Chicago, Illinois Dear Mr. McBride: Your letter of November 13, relative to your anxiety to have special atten tion given to prohibition enforcement in the country district of Cook county, has been received. In reply I inform you that I am today writing Major | Percy Owen, federal prohibition I director for the State of Illinois, ask j ing that he give you full co-operation | in this project. Very truly yours, (Signed) R. A. Haynes, Prohibition Commissioner. ! States Attorney Promises Prosecu tions Office of State’s Attorney of Cook County. Chicago, November 26, 1923 Mr. F. Scott McBride, State Superintendent, Anti-Saloon League, Chicago. Illinois Dear Sir : Upon my return to town today I found your letter of November 13, ; 1923, and I want to assure you that this office will cheerfully and energetically prosecute any violation* of the Illinois prohibition act that 1 come to our notice whether in the City of Chicago or in the county out side of Chicago. 1 will thank you if you will call my attention from time to time to any evidence you have of these violations so that this office can act. Yours truly, (Signed) Robert E. Crowe. District Attorney Will Give Aid Office of United State* Attorney, Chicago, November IS, 1923 Mr. F. Scott McBride. State Superintendent. Anti-Saloon League, Chicago. Illinois Dear Mr. McBride: Thank you for your letter of Novem ber 13. However, bear in mind that this office has no appropriation for ia