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quest for a division by a vote of 53 to 3.
The appropriation bill passed the House February 15, and passed the Senate with amendments on March 7, 1924. It was sent to the conference on March 10, and the report of the conferees agreed to on March 31, 1924. Tt was approved and be came effective April 4, 1924. This meas ure carries an appropriation of $10,629, 770 for prohibition enforcement, of which $1 ,250,000 is to be expended for enforce ment of the narcotic laws. The appro priation for the previous fiscal year end ing June 30, 1924, was $9,000,000, of which $750,000 was required to be ex pended for narcotic enforcement. The appropriation made by this Congress for the ensuing fiscal year represents an in crease of approximately $1,000,000 for prohibition enforcement. Private and Government Warehouses When the appropriation bill, 11. R. 6349, was pending in the House, on February 5, an amendment was offered by Repre sentative Cramton, which provided that none of the money appropriated for pro hibition enforcement should be used for the storage of liquors in private ware houses wherever there was a government warehouse or other public property avail able and suitable for that purpose. This amendment was adopted and on March 7, the same principle was provided in an amendment offered by the Appropriations Committee when the measure was pending In the Senate. The amendment by the Sen ate Appropriations Committee was incor porated in the measure as passed. This limitation is in the interest of economy, hi some jurisdictions, notably in New York, the government lias been forced to pay large amounts in rent for the use of warehouses for the storage of seized liq uors when government warehouses could have been used except for the fact that under the law if the transfer had been made it would have removed the liquor from the jurisdiction of the court in which the proceedings for forfeiture were pending. This amendment makes provis ion for such a contingency. $13,500,000 for Coast Guard Use The first deficiency appropriation bill, H. R. 7449, which passed the House on March 14, the Senate on April 28, and was approved April 2, carried an appro priation of $13,500,000 for the use of the Coast Guard in the suppressing of smug gling. Dept, of Justice Given Appropriation In the appropriation which was made for the Department of Justice, a provision was made allocating $150,000 for the em ployment of special counsel to aid in the prosecution of prohibition offenders in certain districts. Pending Measures One of the most important enforcement measures which passed the House but failed to be reached in the Senate was H. R. 6645, known as the Cramton Bill. This measure provides for the extension of the provisions of the Civil Service Act to the employees of the Prohibition Unit. It also provides for the creation of a Bureau of Prohibition in the Treasury Department to be administered by a Commissioner of Prohibition under the supervision of the Secretary of the Treas ury. This hill passed the House on Tunc 5, by a vote of 275 to 86 and 8 paired for it. It was sent to the Senate and reported out promptly by the Senate Committee, but owing to the few hours of the session remaining, there was no opportunity for a vote in that body. This measure will doubtless receive consideration by the Senate when it re-convcnes. Among some of the other important enforcement measures still pending is the l*ill which provides for the deportation of BEER MUG OFFENDS It actually looks as if New York is reforming. A nine-foot figure of “Father Knickerbocker,” an an cient symbol of the metropolis, was placed over the main portal of the Hotel Astor. At one end of the figure was a gigantic plaster of paris beer mug overflowing with plaster of paris beer. Democratic leaders and delegates who are as sembling for the convention, en tered numerous and emphatic com plaints. The manager of the hotel apologized and ordered the imme diate removal of the figure. aliens convicted of violating the prohibi tion law. The bill, introduced by Repre sentative Stalker, providing for increased penalties for certain offenses under the National Prohibition Act; the bill provid ing penalties for the forging of physicians’ prescriptions or permits relating to intox icating liquor and the bill empowering the government to take ever seized automo biles for use by enforcement officials in the enforcement of the prohibition law. Wet Measures Which Failed Fifty-nine bills were introduced simul taneously providing for the amendment of the prohibition law so as to permit the sale of 2.75 per cent beer. Hearings were held by the Judiciary Committee of the House on these measures. The advocates of these bills did not succeed in their ef forts to have them reported by the com mittee. Numerous other bills were also introduced seeking to change the defini tion of intoxicating liquors, none of which received favorable consideration. A resolution was also introduced for the re peal of the Eighteenth Amendment and a bill was introduced by Representative Hill seeking to transfer the enforcement of prohibition from tiic Treasury Depart ment to the Department of Justice. The efforts of the wets to enlist the support of the agricultural interests also failed. When the M’Nary Haugen bill, H. R. 9033, was under consideration hi tlie House, Representative Black of New York offered an amendment, which would have permitted the proposed export cor poration to use the farmer’s supply of barley, grain and apples for the manu facture of beer, whisky and cider. The amendment was defeated on May 24, by a vote of 84 to 23. The inability of the wets to make any headway with modification measures during the recent' session of Congress and the overwhelming vote given dry meas ures shows how unfounded were the boasts made by the wet organizations after the election of the last Congress. Their activity, however, shows that they have not abandoned the fight and it be hooves every believer in the Eighteenth Amendment to stand loyally behind those members of Congress who have sup ported enforcement measures. They will he the subject of bitter attacks during the coming campaign. Believers in the Constitution should be on guard. REVIEW OF EUROPEAN TEMPERANCE SITUATION t • Conditions in Soviet Russia are Favorable to Prohibition Movement; to Organize Temperance Society in Greece; Danish Producers and Sellers Contribute Less to Wet Society Dr. Robert Hcrcod, one of the four presidents of the World League Against Alcoholism aand director of the Interna tional Bureau Against Alcoholism, gives American Issue the following up-to-date facts relating to the temperance situation in various countries of Europe. RUSSIA The Russian Red Cross calendar for 1Q24 contains what may be called a little manual of hygiene, written by Prof. E. A. Korovin. The author has not overlooked the effect of alcohol upon the health of the people. He declares that if from econom ical motives the soviet government has had to abandon the prohibition of bever ages containing up to 20 per cent, this measure is a temporary one and prohi bition is still the goal. He considers that ,the conditions in the soviet republic where great efforts are being made to insure the well-being of the workers, are particu larly favorable to the success of the pro hibition movement. RUMANIA The Rumanian temperance society, the Orthodox Cross, whose foundation was announced in a previous letter, has begun the publication of a temperance library and three parts of the series have thus far appeared. The Rumanian metropolitan head of the Orthodox church of Noldavia lately published a pastoral letter warning against alcoholism. FINLAND The government has appointed a com mission to prepare the carrying out of the resolutions of the International Confer ence at Christiania for the repression of alcohol smuggling. The president of the commission is Prof. W. Woionma, former minister, an ardent prohibitionist who has made a special study of this question. GREECE Following on the visit to Athens of the director of the International Bureau Against Alcoholism, the foundation of a Greek national league against alcoholism is contemplated. The editors of the widely circulated journal Hygeia (Health) have expressed their willingness to under take the preliminary work. BULGARIA The Young Abstainers’ Union recently held its meeting of delegates at Tirnovo. The society is making steady progress. It now has 80 sections and 6,500 -members besides a thousand adherents among the children’s sections in the preparatory schools. DENMARK The societies which have been forming nearly everywhere to combat prohibition universally announce they are fighting for principle, that they have no private inter est to defend and that they are entirely in dependent of the makers and sellers of alcoholic beverages. The editor of the Danish Abstainers’ Daily, Mr. Larsen Ledet, published in the issue of his paper of May 13 some interesting information concerning the revenues of the “Danish Association for the Defense of Liberty,” a wet organization. According to this re port, the brewers’ association, the distil lers' and the innkeepers’ associations, have for the last few years been paying the society an annual subsidy of 100,000 Dan ish crowns. This year’s subsidy, it ap pears, will be reduced to 30,000 crowns. Here is a fact that does not square with the assertion that there is no connection between these wet organizations and the producers and sellers of alcoholic drinks. WORLD VISION TO BE SEeT AT CONFERENCE IN WINONA (Continued from Page 1) Anti-Saloon League of Illinois, will be chairman, and Rev. R. L. Davis, superin tendent of the Anti-Saloon League of North Carolina, will conduct devotions. Rev. Dr. Sam \V. Small will speak Sat urday evening on "America, the Moses Nation of the Age." Motion pictures, "The Last Raid of Allen Gimbert,” by David Hepburn, superintendent of the Anti-Sa loon League of Virginia, and “The Last Raid of Sheriff Kendall,” by W. J. Hcr wig, superintendent of the Anti-Saloon League of Oregon, will be shown. Homer W. Tope, superintendent of the Anti-Sa- ' loon League of Pennsylvania, will preside. * Rt. Rev. William F. Anderson of Bos ton, bishop of the Methodist Episcopal church, will deliver a special sermon Sun day morning, and Dr. Ira Landrith will ,J speak. Rev. Dr. Arthur J. Barton of Kan-' ' sas City, will be in charge of the services. ■ At the Sunday afternoon session.Mrs. Ella Alexander Boole, vice-president of the W. C. T. U., will speak on “Around the World With the White Ribbon.” Major Roy A. Haynes, federal prohibition commissioner, will speak on “Are We Making Progress.” Dr. Wayne B. Wheeler will make a short address. The meeting will be in charge of Mrs. Stan ley, and Rev. E. S. Shumaker, superin tendent of the Anti-Saloon League of In diana, will conduct devotions. Two addresses will be made Sunday evening. One of them will be by Bishop Cannon, and the other by Ernest H. Cher rington, general secretarj’- of the World League Against Alcoholism. Rev. C. M. Gordon, of the Victorian Anti-Liquor League and brother of Rev. Gifford Gor don, will be introduced to the conference. Rev. Dr. Henry Beach Carre, president of the Anti-Saloon League of Tennessee, ^ ■ will preside, and Dr. McBride will! coiv- , i duct devotions. STANDARD BREWERY CLOSED Beer Carried in Hot Water Pipes; No Evidence of Seizure of Beer Presented Federal Judge James H. Wilkerson, of Chicago, on June 3 closed the Standard *■ Brewing Company, one of the breweries owned by the Druggan-Lake clique. This was the brewery which was said to have resorted to the subterfuge of carrying the beer from the vats to the bottling room in the hot water pipes of the heating plant. Judge Wilkerson’s decision created a u< precedent in that it closes a brewery without any evidence of the seizure of beer. Concluding his decision, the judge remarked: “The evidence in this case : f establishes the fact that the liquid so de veloped in the manufacture of near beer by the defendant was set for use for bev erage purposes. “The evidence also establishes that the liquid was not only set for beverage pur poses but that it was intended for use in violation of the prohibition laws. Alter- * ation of the pipes and other destruction of evidence and the general conduct of those in charge of the premise; compelled tills decision.” A wealthy textile manufacturer of Phil adelphia was held in $5,000 bail by the city court last week charged with driving an automobile while intoxicated.