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WHAT THE CURRENT MAGAZINES ARE SAYING ABOUT
PROHIBITION AND LAW ENFORCEMENT (Reviewed by Emma L. Transcau) (The Congregationalist December 4, 1924) THANKSGIVING FOR PROHI BITION The causes for thanksgiving with ref erence to national prohibition as given by General Counsel, Wayne B. Wheeler, are published in full. They consist of fifteen “points” supported in whole or in part by statistics, showing the improved so cial conditions—Mr. Mencken to the con trary notwithstanding—since prohibition. The fifteenth point reads: Our motor vehicles number 15,552,077. Henry Ford says we can’t have the sa loon and the auto. Closed saloons make our roads safer for travel. We have enough cars to take the whole nation rid ing at the same time. Seven million peo ple find employment through the motor industry. (Science, December 5, 1924) BEER AND TEA AS MENTAL “STIMULANTS” The “Science Service” department of Science contains the following account of a recent German investigation: The German Institute for Research in Human Food has reached the conclusion that beer does not amount to so much after all, that it is not nearly as effective a stimulant as tea. Results of a compari son of the two beverges were announced in Munich recently. A half litre (1 pint) of Munich beer, containing about 15 grams of alcohol, brought about an ac celeration of mental action for about 20 minutes, followed by a period of notice able depression lasting twice as long. A cup of tea, on the other hand, drove the mental capacity higher by about 10 per cent, for three-quarters of an hour, after which the subject of the experiment re turned to normal without experiencing the ill effects that followed the beer. The scientist warned, however, that the aver age amount of stimulating caffein in the ordinary cup of tea is about one-tenth of the maximum medical dose, so that there may be real danger if large amounts are imbibed at one time. A small amount of tea has relatively a greater effect than a large amount. (Collier’s, the National Weekly, De cember 13, 1924) WHAT OUR BOYS AND GIRLS THINK OF EACH OTHER Something like a composite picture of the thoughts of America junior high school students has been obtained by Prof. Calvin O. Davis, of the University of Michigan, b3r means of a questionnaire containing 96 questions. It was sent to 10.000 of these young people in 19 states of the northern and middle west. The questionnaire was given out to the boys and girls b>r their teachers, as home work, with the direction that the answers be returned unsigned. This was in order to obtain perfect frankness. In answer ing the question as to what they regarded as the most regrettable practices of their own and the opposite sex, 500 girls out of 5.000 thought the boys drank too much and 54 boys out of 2,000 brought the same accusation against the girls. This was only a little more than the number of girls who mentioned the same practice among themselves, 45. From these an swers the author concludes: The picture of our youth as a charnel house of morals, backed up by stories of automobile petting parties and automobile drinking parties, is utterly dissipated by this portion of the questionnaire. The boys and .girls .did .not .find .anything “wicked” in each other, and there is no doubt that their secret and unsigned re plies told the truth. These figures, pre sented by Prof. Davis, intimate and com ing from the very heart of American boy hood and American girlhood, prove that our youth are not wicked. But, the answers to all of the questions, and especially to those formulated to bring out ideas on moral values, such as honesty, to which they gave third place, led to this final conclusion: There is infinite pathos in these pic tures which the children drew of them selves. They show that they are doing the best they can—splendidly well—with the information they have at hand . . . But they prove beyond any doubt that information about the value of character is lacking; they show conclusively that direct instruction in the very fundamen tals of life has been left out of their teach ing. It must be put there somehow. It’s too hard for them to go right in life with out it. According to the New' York Herald Tribune of November 29, reports that the cadets at the United States military academy at West Point have carried liq uor into their quarters, have prompted the authorities at the reservation to or der a searching investigation. The commissioners of the District of Columbia have asked Congress for laws to permit them to meet the numerous violations of the prohibition law in Washington city more effectively. They especially want a law that would make mandatory the imposition of jail sen tences on violators. * ALIEN DEPORTATION Congress Has Bill Which Would Aid in Dry Enforcement Congressman Johnson of the state of Washington has introduced a bill in an effort to check the sale of liquor and narcotics at its source. The bill would amend the basic immigration law of 1917 to make more effective the deportation of aliens. The proposed amendment of the de portation clause takes off the time limit. As the law now stands it makes a man deportable within from three to five years. The new' law makes the cases ad justable according to conditions. The hill is especially designed to assist states in deporting so-called criminals and de fectives. Trior to 1920 there were comparatively few deportations of aliens and their con federates, and although the number has since been increased, it is yet a serious problem and it is impossible to solve the difficult and complicated problem of deal ing with the enforcement of prohibition while so large a door is left open for the operations of those aliens who disregard the law. The hill introduced by Mr. Johnson, it is believed, will prove a check all along the line since it gets at a very large source of the supply of the contraband products, and will help to rid the country of an undesirable and dangerous element. * IRISH BARTENDERS OUT Bartenders in Dublin, Ireland, want better wages than they are getting. In order to get them they have gone on strike. The COO saloons of Dublin were closed December 3. The only promise of relief to the parched consumers was that a few saloonkeepers promised to tend bar themselves during the continuance of the strike. THE NEW HANDCUFF KING mi mm i £ I f / I ! —Chicago Daily News. Those "mysterious disappearance acts” will be less frequent when the “Cramton Bill Knot” is used in tieing up old J. B.