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The American issue. [volume] (Westerville, Ohio) 1912-19??, January 09, 1925, Image 5

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn2008060406/1925-01-09/ed-1/seq-5/

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BISHOP CANNON REPLIED
(Northwestern Christian Advocate)
Bishop Janies Cannon, Jr., of the Methodist Episco
pal Church, South, stirred up something of a sensation
in London recently. A very mild temperance measure
was being debated in the House of Lords, and the
Bishop of Durham made some remarks concerning
American prohibition and American churches, to which
Bishop Cannon took emphatic exception. Therefore,
lie wrote an exhaustive letter which was published in
full in the London Times, giving the facts concerning
prohibition as they really are. The Bishop of Durham
will think twice before he gives such an authority as
Bishop Cannon another excuse to unlimber his big pro
hibition guns.
PEORIA GRAIN CENTER
(Dwight Star-Herald)
When the great distilleries of Peoria and rekin, the
largest in the world, were closed with the adoption of
the Volstead Act, the grain market of both cities was
reduced to almost nothing. Elevators were closed with
the distilleries and an air of gloom hovered around the
grain business. Later food products manufacture was
commenced at the distilleries instead of whisky and other
intoxicants, and corn began to be ground again. Other
grains came into use and Peoria again is assuming a
leading place in the cereal markets of the nation. In
quiry shows that 900 men are now engaged in the grain
business in Peoria, and their pay roll aggregate is $1,
000,000 per annum.
LAWS MADE TO BE ENFORCED
(Princeville, 111., Telephone)
Those who have been following of late the cases in
the federal court in Teona, where Judge FilzHcnry has
been presiding, have been thoroughly impressed with
the spirit of His Honor. Cases for violation of the Vol
stead Act have come before him by the scores, and
every single one has found that the judge means* busi
ness. According to his own statement, the laws arc on
the books to be enforced, and as long as lie presides
they will be carried out.
The judge believes that a fine handed out to boot
leggers and hijackers never touches the individual—
that is added on to tV operating expense, and dimin
ishes the violation not one whit. Most of the sen
tences lie has handed clown have been six months in
jail and several hundred dollars fine. One Pcorian char
acterized the judge’s session as a steady parade from the
court room to the county jail.
At a time when there arc so many crimes and viola
tions, it is refreshing to find a judge who is ready to
stand by the right and hand out the sentences for such
violations.
IN OUR WET CAPITAL
(llenry Adams Hersey in The Universalist Leader)
Having read of the “orgy of delight’’ which rocked
our nation’s capital when the “Senators’’ won the
World Scries, it occurred to me that the occasion must
have been a fair test of the success or failure of prohi
bition enforcement. So I wrote to the Methodist Board
of Temperance. The following letter speaks for itself
and should cause those who have taken opinions and
rumors for truth to accept the facts:
Dear Mr. Hersey:
Representatives of our office attended all of the base
ball games except the one on Sunday.
We did not see a drunken man or a man who indi
cated by his behavior that he had ever heard of alco
holic liquor.
After the final victory of Washington the streets were
crowded all night long by celebrants.
I did not sec a single drunken person or one who
gave any indication of having tasted liquor, and abso
lutely no disorder.
Sincerely yours,
DEETS PICKETT,
Research Secretary.
CONVICTING BOOTLEGGERS
(Springfield, 111., Journal)
Nothing illustrates so well the shifting of public opin
ion toward sympathy for law enforcement and respect
for law as the case with which the government is se
curing convictions in liquor cases in the federal courts.
So successful has become prosecution that, in l’coria
during the present term oi the U. S. district court, sixty
live convictions have been recorded. Every jury trial
but one has resulted in a verdict of guilty. Two hun
dred informations arc pending and the court announces
its determination to clean the docket before adjourn
ment.
The lowest penalty has been three months and the
highest, two years, in jail. Fines have aggregated
twenty thousand dollars.
In addition to putting the fear of the liquor lavs into
the hearts of contemptuous citizens, the court has taken
cognizance of the professional bondsman and of some
unethical legal and medical conduct with such vigor that
vicious acts of contempt for authority arc likely to be
fewer in that bailiwick.
The notion that the federal government may be de
fied and mockery made of its laws, and that it can not
enforce respect for its mandates and decrees, fortunately
is disappearing in all parts of Uncle Sam’s domain.
LABOR AND FARM LEADERS DRY
(Ohio American Issue)
Two Ohio men, heads of large and influential national
organizations, wield power almost illimitable. The one
is L. J. Taber, head of the National Grange, the greatest
organization of farmers in the v*rld, and the other is
William Green, who succeeds the late Samuel Ganipers,
president of the American Federation of Labor, the
greatest labor organization in history.
Taber and Green are personally' known to thousands
of Ohio citizens, and there is general agreement among
their friends that they are worthy the exalted positions
they occupy.
In this testing time for prohibition, every trqc friend
of the dry cause is gratified that both Taber and Green
arc trusted and tried dr)' men. Taber performed yeoman
service in the campaigns which resulted in Ohio adopt
ing prohibition, and as a young man and member of the
Ohio Senate, Green gave his voice and his vote for dry
measures when it took courage for public men to es
pouse the dry cause.
In the positions of great influence which these men
now occupy, they can and will continue to advocate that
policy which means so much not only to farmers and
working men, but to every class oi citizens.
PLEASED OVER CHOICE
OF LABOR LEADER GREEN
Believed His Election Will Give
Marked Impetus to the Cause
of Prohibition
GREEN AS DRY AS GOMPERS
WAS WET
t
Under Green’s Leadership the In
fluence of the American Federa
tion of Labor Will Not Be on
the Side of the Brewers
(Ohio American Issue)
The following was sent to the Colum
bus Dispatch by its Washington corre
spondent:
The election of William Green of Ohio
as president of the American Federation
of Labor is expected to give a very
marked impetus to the cause of prohibi
tion in the United States.
It is assumed that his election will
bring about a very radical change in the
policy of the leadership of the American
Federation as regards that very impor
tant issue, for Mr. Green is well known
to be dry personally, politically and in
every other way—in fact, bone dry.
He stands by the Eighteenth Amend
ment, is opposed to legalizing beer and
wine and wants the Volstead prohibition
act upheld in every particular and rigidly
enforced.
Mr. Green’s attitude on prohibition is
in marked contrast with that of Samuel
Gonipers, whom he succeeds as president
of the greatest federation of labor the
world ever saw.
Mr. Gompers was conscientiously and
consistently a wet. He was born in a
wet country and all his early life as a
craftsman was spent in New York City,
at a time when there was a general ten
dency among workingmen to drink mod
erately. To his dying day the great labor
chief held tenaciously to the doctrine that
the laboring man and the laboring man’s
wife and children are entitled to a glass
of beer or light wine without interfer
ence by the government. Believing as
he did, he gave the weight of his influ
ence to a proposed modification of the
Volstead Act that would permit the man
ufacture and sale of beer and light wines.
Rep. Cooper Pleased
His support was perhaps the greatest
tower of strength the wet cause had to
sustain it, and now with the death of
Gompers that support has gone. Gompers
threw the full weight of his enormous
influence against prohibition. He was a
powerful ally to the forces demanding a
bcer-and-wine amendment to the Vol
stead Act. It is now expected that Green
will he just as powerful an ally to the
Anti-Saloon League and other organiza
tions demanding more effective enforce
ment of prohibition.
The election of a pronounced dry as
president of the federation will he an en
couragement to dry elements within the
organization that have chafed at the
policy of President Gompers. Represen
tative John G. Cooper of Ohio is an ex
ponent of this element. Mr. Cooper, who
holds a union card in the brotherhood of
railroad men, was a locomotive engineer
before he was elected to congress.
In speeches in the house and elsewhere
he took sharp issue with President Gom
pers and declared that the then president
of the American Federation was mistaken
when he asserted that organized labor
ing men desire a return to the beer and
wine days. He declared that organized
labor is not in favor of beer and wine
and in his speeches he cited as proof the
results of the Ohio referendum on beer
and wine when labor strongholds in his
own and other districts went dry by de
cisive majorities, thus giving a vivid ver
dict on the beer and wine issue.
Senator Simeon D. Fess of Ohio, one
of the outstanding leaders in the dry
cause, is greatly pleased by the election
of Mr. Green as president of the federa
tion.
“It was the wisest choice that could
have been made,’' he said. “1 know Mr.
Green very well. He recognizes the ne
cessity and wisdom of sobriety in our
citizenship and stands for it without com
promise. In my opinion his election un
doubtedly will remove the label of beer
and wine that has to a certain extent
been attached to labor."
Worked With Wheeler
Those whose acquaintance with Mr.
Green is of long standing recall that he
was a prohibitionist before prohibition be
came popular. As far back as 1910 he
was elected as a dry to the Ohio senate.
His district embraced Tuscarawas, Co
shocton, Guernsey and parts of Noble
and Monroe counties. As majority lead
er of the senate, he gave effective sup
port to all dry measures. Wayne B.
Wheeler, now the national counsel and
legi slative superintendent of the Ami
Saloon League, was then the superinten
dent of the Ohio league. He and Green
worked hand in glove for the enactment
of dry legislation. It is absolutely cer
tain that as long as Green is the execu
tive of the American Federation of La
bor it will not lend its influence to those
who are working to repeal or render less
drastic the Volstead Act.
DANGEROUS DRINK
(Joliet Herald-Ncw's)
Washington, Dec. 8.—Of one hundred
drinks taken by those who “scoff’ at the
prohibition laws but one is genuine, ac
cording to Federal Prohibition Commis
sioner Roy A. Haynes.
“Less than one per cent, of the more
than 7,000,000 gallons of illic't liquors
seized by federal agents during the last
year was genuine,’’ Haynes said. "We
have examined over 90,000 samples in the
chemical laboratories of the Internal
Revenue Bureau."
The commissioner believes the sam
ples arc fairly representative of th? kind
of liquor now on the market because they
represent seizures from every state. Most
of the tests were made in the Washington
laboratory, analyses made in the branch
laboratories in Buffalo, Chicago, Colum
bus, Little Rock, Minneapolis, New York,
Philadelphia, Providence and San Fran
cisco showed the same results.
Two rum boats carrying 1,100 cases of
liquor which would sell at about $100,000
at bootleg prices were reported seized by
customs guards on December 18 at Lewes
and Cape May.

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