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WHAT THE CURRENT MAGAZINES ARE SAYING ABOUT
PROHIBITION AND LAW ENFORCEMENT (Reviewed by Emma L. Transeau) (The World’s Work) PROHIBITION AS IT IS Ey RoIIin Lynde Hartt The World’s Work has sent an investi gator on a 3,000 mile trip to see and hear and tell what he can about the condition under prohibition, or, as the sub-title of the article puts it, “make observations on how far the dry laws allcct these United States.” The article in this issue covers Hobo ken, Buffalo and Detroit. It is, of course, not surprising that he found saloons, un der other names, functioning rather openly in Iloboken, in veiw of recent revelations in Weehawken, nor “soft drink parlors’’ selling Mayor Schwab’s beer, with Mayor Schwab’s permission, in Buffalo. In Detroit, finding blind pigs, it was not so easy. One had to be conducted, by those who were known. But they could be found, and therefore prohibition did not prohibit them. , All of this is not as startling as the serious record this observer makes of some of the things people tell him. Here for instance, is one: No crook could hang around a saloon in the old days because the proprietor knew what the police would do to his place (!) Today there are five times as many blind pigs in Detroit as there were saloons in the old days, and there is no control over them. It is the same with prostitution; there are conditions in many of these apartment houses due to the sell ing of bootleg booze that make even hardened policemen shudder. The city editor of the Detroit News showed Mr. Hartt a scrapbook he had kept of clippings from his paper on pro hibition. But no one thought to provide him with a scrapbook of pre-prohibition date shewing the saloon’s part in crime and prostitution when it had a legal standing. Mr. Hartt is ready to say that beyond question there is less drinking now than befo;«c. “When in the old days," lie says, “could a man have traveled nearly a week and knocked about the roughest parts of rough cities without beholding more than two Americans unsteady on their feet?” (Physical Culture, January, 1925) STARTLING REVELATIONS OF THE MORALS OF MODERN YOUTH By Judge Ben B. Lindsey Judge Lindsey’s experience leads him to believe that he has an inside view of the minds of boys and girls which their parents and teachers do not have through failure to win and hold the confidence of their young people. The troubles into which they get themselves through lack of confidential guidance by their elders bring them to him, sure of finding in him a wfse friend who will not l>etray them. And thus he learns many things in the currents of their lives which their par ents and teachers do not, hut should know. One of the things he has learned is, Booze is another thing that interests them. No petting party, no roadhouse toot, no joy ride far from the prying eye of Main street, is to be complete un less the boys carry flasks. There are no act&al statistics to be had cn these mat ters, but it is very clear in my mind that practically all of the cases where these girls and boys lose their judgment in Folly Lane involve the use of drink. . . . The external restraints, economic re straints that were once so potent, have gone never to return, and the sole ques tion now is, how soon and how effectively will the internal restraints, which alone keep people going straight, take their place . . . Those restraints can be called into free and spontaneous action only by education of the frankest and thorough going sort. (Physical Culture, January, 1925) A RUM-RIDDEN RUIN REBUILT BY PHYSICAL CULTURE By Ira J. Abcrnethy The personal history here related is a typical case of chronic alcoholism ac quired by a perfectly normal man, phys ically and mentally. In fact his physical condition was so good that he withstood the terrific alcohol poisoning lie gave himself much longer than a weaker man could have done. Mentally he was keen enough to he a successful traveling sales man and to continue in that line for twenty years, in spite of the growing re sults of his drinking, which he took up after becoming "a knight of the grip’* only to be the “good fellow,” which the business demanded. Ilis alcoholic decline fitted exactly the usual description: First, failure to real ize that he was becoming addicted, “for the poison worked slowly and insid iously,” until it had gripped him firmly. Then the desire for drink itself, regard less of sociability, and a realization that it was becoming uncontrollable. But, in stead of stopping, lie only plunged deeper, priding himself on his capacity for “hold ing the stuff.’’ Then his brain lost its keenness and bis business “pep” declined, speech and movements slowed down. Then followed the all too familiar pic tures: As a result of my drinking habit I lost several excellent positions and was un able to take advantage of some splendid business opportunities. Warnings? Of course they were. Warnings in great, big, shrieking letters. But I refused to heed them. Instead, I drank harder than ever, tried to drown my disappointments in more whisky. Next came the most stunning blow of all. I lost my wife and three beautiful children. . . . The reali zation that I had lost the only things that made life worth living spelled my utter defeat. Tlie rest can be told briefly. lie con tinued to poison himself until his body became a complete wreck and he had to be carried to a hospital, where the pro cess of unpoisoniing was begun. When it had proceeded far enough for his brain to begin to work again he got a grip on himself, and struggled back, aided by hy gienic living, including systematic exer cise. But the point is that he did come hack to a condition which he believes to be fully normal, where lie can do his full day’s work like other men. It is reported that today there arc busi ness men of the type this man represented in his best days who say that prohibi tion is all right for the poor man, but it was never intended for them. They are utterly wrong. It was the wrecks liquor made of men of this type that gave the strongest impetus to the temperance movement all along, that enlisted the wo men of their own class, their wives, moth ers, sisters and daughters in the fight that could only end in prohibition. (Hygeia, December, 1924) HEREDITY IN DISEASE By Bernard Fantus Having shown that alcohol, like lead poisoning, can lead to serious defects in the children of fathers thus poisoned, this advice is given to women: For any one to marry a real drunkard is a sin not only against posterity but also against oneself, for not only are the offspring prone to dreadful afflictions, but an alcoholic is liable to be irritable, quarrelsome, jealous and violent. He cannot be or remain a good provider or helpmate. The chances of reforming a confirmed drunkard or dipsomaniac (one who goes on occasional sprees and can not help it) are very poor, and even if reformed, such a person is in the mar riage market not only “damaged goods” but made of poor material to begin with. A slight modification is reeded in the last clause. Sometimes, but not always, is the confirmed drinker made of poorer material at the start. The rebuilt ruin herewith described by Mr. Ira Abernethy was of excellent material to begin with. He is one of the many cases that show what good material can be spoiled by al cohol. The man who keeps liquor in his home for beverage purposes contributes to the delinquency of his sons. -.- ., - - j—T FACTS BROUGHT OUT AT HEARING Some interesting facts were brought to the surface in the testimony given to the House Committee on Appropriations by federal prohibition officials. Accord ing to Washington newspaper correspon dents, some of these facts are as follows: There are still upwards of 20,000,000 gallons of pre-war whisky in the bonded warehouses of the country. There are 68 industrial alcohol plants in operation in the United States. There are 130,000 persons or firms in th.e country holding permits to handle in toxicants in some form or other. The commissioning of the prohibition navy is expected to divert smuggling from the sea-coast to the Canadian bor der next Spring. There were 716 members of the federal prohibition forces who have been dis missed for cause since the force was or ganized. The doctors of the country are pre scribing more than a million and a half gallons of whisky a year as medicine. Cases have been found where doctors prescribe for unknown patients in ad vance and diagnose their illness before they ask for medicine. Sentences aggregating 3,4% years have been given in the last year in federal courts. More than 67,000,000 gallons of indus trial alcohol were produced last year, and this is considered the big source of illicit liquor supply. There were 198 brewers seized by fed eral prohibition agents within the last year. Dr. Harvey Wiley, former chief of the United States Bureau of Chemistry, be lieves that less than one-half of one per cent, alcohol in beverages is, in fact, in toxicating. If dry laws are to be changed, they should be made stronger, not weaker. Most of the wealthy bootleggers we read about are created by the imagina tion of the writers PROSPERITY IN DRY AMERICA Year Just Opened Promises to Be Greatest in Commercial Lines in History Dry America, according to business men, manufacturers, bankers and com mercial reporters, lias high hopes, in many cases amounting to firm convic tions, that 1925 will prove the greatest year in the history of American business. Forecasts made by leaders in basic in dustrial and financial activities agree upon the seeming certainty of prosperity. They see much in the “fortunate coincidence of great purchasing and great producing power at home and upon the promise of a wholesome recovery and expansion in overseas markets.” Elbert II. Gary, chairman of the board of directors of the United States Steel Company, declares that the demand for iron and steel products manufactured in' the United States is “large, persistent and satisfactory.” American railroads have entered upon the year with optimism. Julius Krut schnitt, chairman of the committee of the Southern Pacific Company, that summed up the condition upon which the carriers depend to continue their accomplishment of 1924, a showing which in itself was a climax to what they had done since 1920, summarized the performance of the car riers in the four 3'cars since 1920—four years of prohibition, by the way, and in so doing mentioned the following: Reduced operating expenses greatly; moved, in 1923, the greatest freight traf fic in history, without shortage or con gestion; reduced loss and damage pay ments; reduced fatalities to persons in trains and in train service, and reduced accidents; saved much on fuel; spent substantially $3,000,000,000 on additions and betterments in the four years that ended in 1924. “We are nearer the high road of pros perity,” says Walter C. Teagle, president of the Standard Oil Company of New Jersey Promise of Prosperity “The people of the United States have seldom, if ever, been presented with, a greater promise of prosperity than today if many of the current business analyses and forecasts are to be taken seriously,” is the way William E. Knox, president of the American Bankers’ Association, puts it. Public utilities, according to Henry L. Doherty, share in a general business out look for 1925 the most promising he has seen in twenty years. R. L. Agassiz, president of leading copper companies, declares the outlook for the copper busi ness to be most encouraging, and point3 to the great increase in domestic con sumption. The automotive industry should enter 1925 with the greatest confidence, thinks Alfred P. Sloan, Jr., president of the Gen eral Motors Company. Mr. Sloan says: “Prosperity of the farmer and wage earner add greatly to the prosperity of the industry. Conditions, both cconmic and psychological, are such that the purchas ing power of both should equal or he greater than 1924. This insures a good volume of business. As is generally known, 1923 was the largest year in our history. In 1924 sales to customers were slightly less. I see no reason why 1925 using the same measure, should not he equal to 1923.” The silk industry, according to H. R. Mallinson, ended 1924 with mills run ning day and night, and entered 1925 with the possibilities for profitable pro gress in the year ahead as great as its history ever recorded.