Search America's historic newspaper pages from 1789-1963 or use the U.S. Newspaper Directory to find information about American newspapers published between 1690-present. Chronicling America is sponsored jointly by the
National Endowment for the Humanities and the Library of Congress. external link Learn more
Image provided by: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Library, Urbana, IL
Newspaper Page Text
Edited by Wayne B. Wheeler, General Counsel and Legislative Superintendent, and Edward B. Dunford, Assistant MINORITY REPORT ON STALKER BILL H. R. 728 The minority report of the Judiciary Committee, signed by two members out of twenty-one, indicates about the pro portion of sentiment there is for and against the Stalker bill to increase the penalties in the national prohibition act. The Volstead Act provides no mini mum penalties and that is the reason why ridiculously low fines have been imposed by some of the judges. In such places the bootlegger has no fear of conviction under the law. The testimony before the Judiciary Committee showed that prac tically all of the state prohibition laws as well as the federal statutes relating to violations of the revenue laws fix mini mum penalties. The proposed law makes it harder for the bootlegger but more effective for law enforcement. The argument that the “manufacturer of synthetic gin’’ will be unduly punished and the fear that injustice will be done because a liquor criminal may be pros ecuted in both state and federal courts is not convincing. Scores of other laws carry the same kind of punishment in both state and nation. As a matter of fact, practically no case has ever been tried in the federal courts where the de fendant has been honestly prosecuted in the state courts, and vice versa. The “il legal manufacturer of synthetic gin” was punished by imprisonment, under the old revenue laws, of not less than six months nor more than two years for first offense. Why should a violation of the Constitu tion be treated as a trivial ofI#nse? The Stalker bill is in harmony with effective state laws which are dealing with the outlawed liquor traffic effective ly. The nation should not lag behind the state in making law with effective pen alties. PROHIBITION (Continued from Page 1) The Norwegian government is consid ering legislation to prevent the participa tion of Norwegian vessels in the rum-run ning trade to the United States, which is characterized as “a discredit to the flag.” A speaker at the annual meeting of the Illinois State Society of Optometrists de clared that if you wear glasses you will not crave liquor. He should have added that if you do crave liquor and get it from a bootlegger you may never need glasses at all. The LaSalle County W. C. T. U. and many church and civic organizations have passed resolutions expressing appre ciation of the work of state’s attorney Russel O. Hanson. Support and encour agement by citizens is very helpful to conscientious officials. The other side never neglects to bring pressure against them. Here is a new trick. When Moline po lice raided a bar the proprietor dumped two glasses of alleged hootch into a bar rel of water. This, of course, made the alcoholic content of the barrel legal, put ting the percentage safely below one-half of one per cent. Chief Justice Floyd E. Thompson of the Illinois supreme court recently de clared that “There has been too much mollycoddling of the less than one-third -of one per cent of the population which is deliberately criminal.” He gave it as his opinion that fines are useless as a de terrent to crime. Dr. Paul Kammcrer, a famous scientist from the University of Vienna, in a lec ture under the auspices of the Chicago Woman's Club, said: “If Americans would conscientiously obey their prohi bition law in a few generations there would be no need for it. Their descend ants would lose the taste for alcohol.” County Judge John B. Crabtree, 46 years old, died on January 30th as the re sult of a stroke of apoplexy he suffered while at work in his chambers at the court house. Judge Crabtree had one of the best records for prohibition law en forcement of any county judge in Illinois. Dr. William A. Evans says that the combination of delirium tremens and pneumonia which was usually fatal in the old days is not frequently seen now. He believes that as prohibition becomes more effective as time goes by this form of pneumonia will disappear. He warns that the person who wishes to avoid pneu monia had better get on the water wagon. Paarvo Nurmi, the runner from prohi bition Finland who is breaking all rec ords in America, is a total abstainer. Jack Dempsey, world champion pugilist declares that he does not drink intoxi cants. A sports writer in the Chicago American says that the days of the boozer and the roughneck and the crook in pro fessional baseball are pretty well gone. Alonzo Stagg, Chicago University foot ball coach, says he does not bother to train players who drink. It is getting clearer all,the time that you can’t drink and win in athletes or in any other field. Chief of Police A. E. Bargren, of Rock ford, has received a letter from E. Thiele, state director of the National Association Opposed to Prohibition, warning the town against solicitors for the Rational League, a rival wet organization. The Issue hereby warns everybody against the N. A. O. P. Now’ if anybody gets stung by either bunch or booze boosters it is their own fault and not ours. The new president of the American Federation of Labor was present at the recent enforcement conference in New York City addressed by Judge Gary and Mayor Dever. Josephus Daniels, writing of this meeting, said: “William Green, successor to Gompers, is an advocate of temperance and law enforcement.” He added, “I do not think the captains of in dustry and labor are urging law enforce ment because they fear bolshevism. It can never come in America. But they see that if respect for the prohibition law goes to the point of nullification, w’c no longer have a government of liberty regulated by law.” RAID ON GRIFFITH PLACE Nineteen men were arrested and three automobiles carrying 140 cases of Scotch whisky were seized in a raid January 29 on the D. W. Griffith estate at Mamaro neck, N. Y. This estate, the scene of nu merous motion pictures, recently was sold by Griffith interests to private individuals. DRY AGENT IS POISONED Indications Are That Liquor Containing Poison Was “Planted” In Order to “Get” Him E. N. Tmith, a member of the dry squad, is in the Allegheny general hos pital at Pittsburgh in a serious condition as the result of tasting booze garnered from one of three bars which he raided. It is believed that the liquor was pois oned purposely and planted for the agent. An investigation is being conducted. The proprietors of the places which were searched were arrested with their bartenders. Two additional saloons in the Brownsville Road were also raided and their owners and bartenders arrested. Quantities of liquor were taken from the five bars. SHOWS CHANGE IN SENTIMENT Superintendent Shumaker of the In diana Anti-Saloon League and editor of that state’s edition of American Issue, has been sued for libel by a defeated candidate for prosecuting attorney be cause he was dubbed wet by Mr. Shu maker. A few years ago it was not an uncommon thing for a candidate to be lieve that his chances for success at the polls were enhanced if he were advertised as wet. There has been a marked change in sentiment in this respect since the ad vent of prohibition. New York City is soon to have an other mammoth hostelry on Seventh Avenue and the early Fifties. Speaking of hotel sites, it is interesting to note that the famous Hotel Ambassador, Park Avenue, New York City, stands on the site of an old brewery. TERRY LOSES HIS SINECURE Beer Runner Leaves Good Berth in Hospital for Hardships in Jail Terry Druggan, Chicago beer runner and brewer, has been ousted from his comfortable quarters in the Cook County Jail Hospital. Warden Westbrook despite '1 erry’s protestations moved him into a cheerless cell to spend the remainder of his one-year term for defiance of a federal beer injunction. When first incarcerated by order of Federal Judge Wilkerson, Kerry devel oped a series of llnesses. Physicans de clared he was too ill for the hardships of jail life so he was transferred to the jail hospital where he had a clean bed in,stead of a jail cot and did not have to work. Recently Dr. Frances McNamara, jail physician, gave Terry a second examina tion. He found his health much improved and the warden acted accordingly. Terry couldn’t see what right the warden had to move him but he was moved anj-how. Frankie Lake, Druggan’s partner, is having a better time of it. Instead of sulking and soldiering as Druggan did. Lake behaved cheerfully. He took his turn on the jail scrubbing crew and then did his bit in the jail laundry and as a re ward was given a job as hospital attend ant. If Druggan wants to get the same standing the jail officials say he must work for it. Terry had another privilege which has been taken from him, which was that of going out of jail daily for treatment by a dentist. His teeth are now in shape to serve him until his term is up. FEWER WOMEN IN PRISONS NOW Frederick A. Wallis, Commissioner of Corrections in New York City, issued a statement to the press on January 19 in which he gave figures showing that the daily average number of women in New York City prisons has decreased nearly 50 per cent since prohibition became ef fective. The average daily census of wo men prisoners in all of the city’s penal institutions during the five years of pro hibition was 374, while during the ten pre prohibition years up to and including 1919, the daily average was 743. The de crease, the commissioner pointed out to reporters, is even more remarkable than it appears at first glance when one consid ers the concurrent, steady growth of the city’s population. The total daily aver age of all prisoners—men and women— is lowTer in the five prohibition years, and the daily average for men shows a slight reduction, but it is because the number of women inmates of prisons in the city is almost cut in two that the great change is noted. So far all the women to whom much credit has been given for helping to bring about prohibition can feel that they have helped their own sex to live better and more useful lives. The outstanding of fenses for which wTomen are arrested in New York City are disorderly conduct, intoxication, vagrancy and beggary, so liciting in violation of the narcotic and health laws. The charges of vagrancy and beggary and intoxication have been reduced enor mously among women during the past five years. No New Yorker needs a statistical table to prove this. Anyone with a mem ory can go back to the “good old days’’ when Madison Square, Union Square and the public meeting places on the far east and west side in the early morning hours were full of poor old women derelicts who had spent the night on park benches sleep ing off their sprees. Few Women Drunks So changed are conditions that it gives one a painful shock nowadays to see a drunken woman on the streets, and one of the most outrageous results of the re peal of the Mullan-Gage law (the state dry law enforcement act) is that they are more frequently seen than they were two years ago. The figures given the press by Com missioner Wallis show that the lowest number of arrests for both men and wo men in the fifteen-year-period under ob servation was in the year 1920, the first year of prohibition. During this year the law was really enforced. Between 50 per cent and 75 per cent of New York saloons went out of business and as a consequence the old hangers-on, the can-rushers and corner loafers and the back-parlor crowd, were left high and dry without a place to loaf, and went out and looked for jobs. Women drifters got work or stayed home and took care of their children, and the result is told in the figures Commis sioner Wallis has just given out. The warning of these figures which are show ing a tendency to creep back to pre-pro hibition heights, is that New York first of all must have a state prohibition law to back up the Volstead law and that this lr.v must be enforced by the state and city authorities. The astounding reduction in arrests with prohibition but partially en forced is a prophecy of still greater reduc tion in crime with the more faithful en forcement of the prohibition law.