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WHY BOOTLEGGERS THRIVE
(Chicago Daily News) Much innocent merriment is evoked among wise city men whenever any small-town citzen comes to Chicago and hands over all his money to some plausible operator of a confidence game. Yet wise men continue to pat ronize the busy bootleggers who canvass the office buildings regularly and dispose of enticingly labeled bottles of fine old liquor, so-called, at propotserous prices. In view of the large and well-organized traffic in false labels and ‘'non-fillablc” bottles for refilling, boot leggers find no special difficulty in providing for suffi ciently gullible patrons the choicest brands of ‘‘iin ported’’ liquor, mainly of home manufacture from re processed hrir restorer, denatured alcohol, drugs, dyes and chemical?. The recent raid by federal prohibition enforcement officers on a Chicago garage which resulted in the confiscation of 70,000 bottles of bogus whisky bearing labels admitting it to the rank of booze aris tocracy, was just one more proof that the bootleggers are swindling and poisoning their customers and getting rich out of the proceeds. Even when real liquor of good quality is smuggled into this country it is almost invariably diluted to three or four times its original volume and then is treated with chemicals to conceal the fraud. In these circum stances the purchase of bootleggers’ wares by citizens who pride themselves on their cleverness is sufficiently fatuous to take rank as a form of lunacy. To curl) the illicit-booze traffic in this country there need only be a return to reason by those who purchase the fearful mixtures that arc peddled about as fraudu lently as lawlessly under false labels, WHY ANY ALCOHOL IN BEVERAGES? (The Union Signal) Why then should anyone argue for the return of liquor containng any percentage of alcohol? Are there not enough healthful, palatable beverages to be had to satisfy the normal being? True, a generation of hered ity-cursed individuals may have to pass away before the craving for alcoholic stimulation will die out—but the world can afford to wait for that, if it ceases to con stantly produce more. Tt is inevitable that for the highest welfare of the child, the home, the social fabric and the nation, alco hol must he entirely eliminated as any part of any bev erage, and in this hour when the same forces are strug gling to bring back wine and beer which formerly strove to keep them, even at the cost of the ruin of child and home and nation, it behooves every true patriot, every lover of home and childhood, to stand with and for the W. C. T. U. and other forces that are striving to pro mote the highest welfare of our country by keeping out the arch enemy of all. The childhood of America summons to its protection every unselfish, high-thinking, brave-soulcd, noble hearted, patriotic man and woman of our country. It is the childhood of the nation that stands between the contending armies and with outstretched hands and pleading voice begs for protection from its most cruel and pitiless enemy, alcoholic drink—of any content—in any quantity—anywhere. The Chicago Tribune is again complaining that unless the Illinois prohibition act is repealed violators of prohi bition laws arc placed in double jeopardy. Just why are they so afraid that some poison peddling bootlegger will be punished too much? Why not worry more about the victims of these criminals? The Chicago Daily News admits that it may he im possible to repeal the Eighteenth Amendment but says that enforcement “need not be so rigid as to prove itself reckless of opinion and tradition.” Whose opinion? Those who oppose present enforce ment measures arc of the opinion that there should be no limit at' all on the quantity of intoxicants or percen tage of alcohol in beverages. DRY ENFORCEMENT WORK AID IN SUPPRESSING CRIMINALS (Continued from Page 1) drr; now facing trial in Florida after a ]>ardon set him free from Joliet. Terry Druggan and Frank Lake, heads of a brewery syndicate before Collins took office, now serving federal sentences made possible by co-operation between the police and the government forces. “Big Joe" Saltis, bully and gunman; driven from town by an order to all po lice sqnads to pick him up and jail him on sight. “Sonny” Dunn, well-known gang lead er. who used to strut through the corri dors of the city hall daily parading his immunity; now vanished from a town too hot for him. “Ask any of these men what they think of the morale of the police force," said Chief Morgan A. Collins, as he looked over the crime bureau’s list. “They'll tell you the force is shot to pieces; no good. They’d prefer a police force that winked at beer running and vice. Under such a force they’d be at liberty, with thousands to spend for ‘fixing’ and lawyers’ fees. They'd be more powerful than the law, as they used to be.” Police War Upon Source Critics of the Collins regime have ac cused the police of neglecting homicides and robberies in order to enforce the laws against liquor and gambling. As a matter of fact, the chief said today the best way to encourage murder and rob bery is to countenance syndicated vice. To hammer home his point, he sketched for the first time the condition in which be found the police force when he became chief. Six thousand saloons were selling liquor, beer was being made in fifteen Chicago breweries, gambling was “going" everywhere — all under a demoralizing system of protection, he said. “Beer-running and bootlegging were controlled by a few men who were more powerful than the lag,” said the chief. They were making such profits that they could, and did, spend money at the rate of $1,000,000 a year in graft. They had the shrewdest lawyers in town at their command. They could suppress evi dence, with money or guns. They couldn’t be convicted.” Police Force Rebuilt When the administration started war on the intrenched beer barons, the odds were all the other way. The police force had hoen demoralized; Chief Collins’ predecessor had publicly stated that 75 per cent of his men were taking graft. But the campaign was carried through, accompanied by dismissals as fast as po licemen or police officials showed any signs of corruptibility. The force today is reorganized, it was said. The detective bureau has been rebuilt from chief to the lowest “dick;"’ many district stations have new commanders and lieutenants. Since Jan. 1 the police force has broken all records for the detection and capture of criminals. More indictments than ever before have been obtained on police evi dence. Chief Collins and his assistants believe that this new efficiency is due largely to improved morale, resulting from vigorous war on those lucrative criminal “rackets” that arc so oerrupting when let alone. CHIEF JUSTICE CITES POLICE RECORD (Chicago Daily News, May 21) By Charles E. Owen Figures obtained today from Chief Jus tice Jacob Hopkins of the Cricinal Court indicate that Chief of Police Morgan A. Collins has doubled the pep of the Chi cago force in the last year. The reorganized force gave the Cook county grand jury material for 1,174 in dictments between January 1 and May 1 of this year. That’s more than double the number of indictments voted on police evidence in the first three months of 1923 and almost double the January-May total in 1924. And the record was made at a time when crime was less prevalent than in the spring of 1923. Here are the figures that show what has been accomplished by the remodeling of the police force in the last year or two: Indictments Obtained on Police Evidence 1923 (January to May). 554 1924 (January to May). 576 1925 (January to May).1,174 "The police department is and has been doing its full duty under Chief Collins, as the indictment figures show,” the chief justice said. “The force is more vigorous, more competent and more successful now than in many years. If crime is trouble some in this community ,the fault is else where than in the police department. In the conferences held to discuss the crime situation I have contended that the police are in no way to blame. Under Collins the city of Chicago lias had police work of the finest kind.” II:'. i • * CORRESPONDENCE WHO’S DISCREDITING THE TRIBUNE? That the Tribune’s influence is dis credited in its hotne territory is proven, not only by the examples cited in your editorial, but bj- the fact that its readers, in the same breath, exalt the efficiency of its various departments and denounce the policy which directs them. This writer travels considerably through Illinois and not a little through the central west. And throughout that territory, during the past two to four years, has noted the growing recurrence of these two expressions: “I buy (or take) the Tribune because of its superior equipment to furnish readable news, but I abominate its editorial policy” and “If you want to defeat anything, let the Chicago Tribune espouse it.” Charles FitzHenry, A FEW DETROITERS' STAYED HOME The newspapers tell us that there was a rush to Ontario to get beer the clay the new law allowing 4.4 beer to be sold there. Detroit has a population of a million people or more, and only 8,000 of them went to get a glass of beer. That was less than 1 per cent and still it gets a front page story. Wirt W. Hallam. SCORES OFFICIAL DRINKERS Louisville Chief of Police Calls Attention to Bad Habits of Some of Fellow Delegates Public allegations of the non-observance of the national prohibition law? by Amer ican police officers attending the interna tional police conference in New’ York was made in an address by Forest Braden, chief of police of Louisville, Kentucky. Mr. Braden said he hoped the foreign delegates would not let the drinking they had witnessed make them form their con clusions of American respect for law’. Mr. Braden told the delegates he was call ing the attention of the conference to the lack of respect for the law’ on the part of certain American delegates solely because a prominent foreign delegate had ap proached him and asked him if the drink ing was truthful reyresenation of the Americar^atlitude toward l«w observance. Hundreds of delegates from forty-six nations attended the conference. YIELD PRESCRIPTION RIGHTS Physicians and Druggists Voluntarily Give Up Authority to Handle Liquors Nearly seventy physicians and drug gists in northern Illinois have voluntarily surrendered their permits to write liquor prescriptions or to fill them according to Major Fercy Owen, chief of the prohi bition enforcement office in the Chicago district. Major Owen said that this course is to be attributed in part to the fact that phy sicians and druggists in many cases have carelessly handled their records and pre fer to surrender their authority to write or fill prescriptions because criminal com plaints would be brought against them when investigations discovered the incor rect records. Major Owen placed emphasis on his beliefs that conditions regarding the en forcement of the prohibition amendment and to obedience to law are certainly showing improvement. Assets of Ohio Building and Loan As sociations have doubled since saloons closed six years ago, which is an incon trovertible argument that prohibition at least has not been economically disastrous to the people. WHAT PROHIBITION ACTUALLY DOES “Years ago I stood on historic King’s Mountain and saw the smoke ot‘ 38 government distilleries. I saw no macadamized roads, scarcely a schoolhouse. I saw sa loons everywhere. There were only two or three factories, giving employment to two or three hun dred people. Some years after the people had driven out this curse, I stood in the same place. I found macadamized roads in almost every part of the country. I saw mag nificent churches of almost every denomination. I found school houses in every district of that county. There was not the smoke of a single distillery, but instead I saw the smoke of 43 of the largest cotton factories in the United States.” — Federal Judge E. Y. Webt>, Western District of North Carolina.