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ATTENDS ENGLISH TEMPERANCE SUMMER SCHOOL
American Representative of the World League Against Alcoholism Given Welcome in England; Meets Many Foremost Temperance Workers at Profitable Summer Conference School [The following is the first of a scries of letters by E. J. Richardson, who has been assigned to special work in connection with the London office of the World League Against Alcoholism. Mr. Richardson expects to give special attention to publicity with a view to combatting as far as possible the false reports concerning prohibition in the United States that are finding wide circulation throughout the British Empire. Mr. Richardson is an Anti-Saloon League man of many years’ experience, having been located at the headquarters of the Anti-Saloon League in Westerville, Ohio, for the past ten years and having been intimately connected with the World League Against Alcoholism since its organization.] A big dry ship, a smooth sea, efficient officers and seamen and pleasant traveling companions make the transition from the United States to the Mother Country in less than six days a most delightful ex perience. Dry Ship Best Time would fail me to describe the good ship Leviathan or the details of the journey but there is at least one thing about the trip that will, I am sure, be of special interest to the readers of American Issue—the statement of an English gen tleman to me. He said, in substance: “I deliberately chose to go to America earlier in the year by a big wet ship and to return on the Leviathan, a dry ship, in order that I might experience for myself the difference between such ships. On this point I want to say most emphatically that the comparison is in favor of the dry ship. The use of liquor on board the wet ship makes it most objectionable in almost every part of the ship, but particu 1 irly in the lounge where men and women are accustomed to congregate. The odor of the liquor, passengers in various stages of drunkenness and other very objection able concomitants of drinking on board ship make it exceedingly unpleasant. I am certainly for the dry ship." Arrival in England We sailed from New Vork on May 23, arrived in Cherbourg harbor, France, early the morning of the 2ffih. gaining about ten hours on the eastward journey, discharged passengers and mail and ar rived in Southampton, England, at about five o’clock p. m. It required over two hours to dock, discharge passengers, pass customs and get the train to London, so London was not reached until nearly 10 p. m. However, Mr. William Bingham, Mr. Geo. B. Wilson and Miss Maginn, the efficient secretary in the London office of the World League, were at the station to welcome me. Rev. Henry Carter w>uld have been present as another member of the committee but was unavoidably de tained. I am certainly under obligation to these good friends and those who were especially concerned in giving me the “glad hand” upon my arrival in London. I reached London right at the time of the Whitsuntide holidays, so spent oily half of the next day. Saturday, in the office and did not get back until Tuesday morning after the holidays. I find that the English people take frequent holidays and from Saturday noon until Tuesday morning about the only places of business in the great city of London that were in operation were the hotels, restaurants and the “pubs”—or saloons. Possibly some of us Americans need to learn some les sons of relaxation from the ‘‘eternal grind” which goes hand in hand with English life. London Office I need not say much, if anything, about the routine work of the office, but it is in the greatest newspaper publicity center In the world. Our good friend, and one pt the world’s greatest diplomats, Pussy foot Johnson. I guess never did a wiser thing for the cause of world prohibition than in the selection of the location of the London office. There is hardly a day that a newspaper reporter, or “pressman” as he is called here, from some agency does not come to the office for such informa tion as may be available. Of course we do the best we can for him, and much of this data is given wide circulation. At the same time let me say just here that all sorts of newspaper stories, preferably the full-page of thp paper, and other pub lications containing data or other infor mation showing social and material prog ress under prohibition in the United States will be most helpful if sent to our office at 69 Fleet Street, London. Temperance Progress I have been here too short a time to form and express many opinions as to the situation in London and this part of the world, hut from some things I have seen it is evident that steady, if slow, progress is being made by the temperance forces in the better alignment of themselves for the tremendous fight which they must make against an awakened and increas ingly strong organization of the liquor trade. The truth about American prohibi tion does not get the same chance for circulation as much misunderstanding and not a little misrepresentation do, but I am convinced that as the facts reach the sturdy people of this and other parts of Europe something is going to happen to the liquor traffic on this side of the Atlan tic. The World League office of course is acting only in the capacity of getting all facts possible to the people. The local temperance organizations are directing their own work. Temperance Summer School From Tuesday afternoon until Friday morning of this week I was the guest of The Temperance Council of the Christian Churches of England and Wales at their third Summer School, an institution fol lowing very much the same methods em ployed by the Anti-Saloon League in its .superintendents’ and workers’ confer ences. Rev. Henry Carter, one of the British members of the World League executive, is one of the Hon. Secretaries and through whom the invitation was extended to me and which I greatly ap preciate. The School was held at High Leigh, about twenty-three miles north of Lon don. High Leigh is one of the typical old English estates and lately the home of Robert Barclay, one of the members of the famous English bankers of that name. A tablet in the hall of the house tells an interesting story. It reads as follows: “From 1871 to 1891 this house was the home of Robert and Ellen Barclay. After their deaths it passed into the possession of the First Conference Estate Limited, to be used as a place of conference and prayer and where Christians might take counsel together about the affairs of the Kingdom of God. It is the hope and prayer of Robert Barclay’s children that in this way their old home may continue to serve the cause for which their parents lived, and be a center of Christian light and love for an ever-widening circle.” A Beautiful Old Place The place is most excellently adapted to the purposes intended and, as I under stand it, the old home was the gift of the Barclays, through the “foundation,” the First Conference Estate Limited. There is some subsidy for it, but each body holding a conference pays certain very reasonable amounts for meals, lodg ing and service. A somewhat practical rearrangement of a part of the interior, especially in a section called the “hostel,” provides rooms sufficient to accommodate over one hundred guests. The large, spa cious rooms, several beautifully furnished, afford splendid facilities for social, com mittee, general conference and other pur poses. There is also a “winter-garden” with glass roof and sides, containing dwarf trees, flowers and growing palms. The surrounding grounds are laid out in a fine style of landscape gardening which I hardly have time to try to de scribe. But lovely gardens, with a pro fusion of rhododendrons of varying hues, and other flowers, together with many kinds of trees, including evergreens of stately size and height, shrubbery of privet, holly and other varieties — in groups, banks and hedges—make a scene fit for the gods. The garden immediately behind the large house, and almost one hundred and fifty feet long, is laid out on a very unique scale. In the center is a small statue, while here and there are urns. Closely-trimmed “box” borders fringe narrow, winding gravel walks, while tastefully located are beds of different shapes containing flowrers of varying kinds and hues. Dwarf yews appear to be large round boulders of greenish hue. The entire garden reminds one of a quaint and beautiful piece of embroidery on a large scale except that the threads are flowers and evergreens and the needle a hoe. The Conference About 105 persons attended the School, coming from practically every part of England and Wales, the delegation con taining ministers and men and women of possibly seven or eight different denom inations, representing at least in part the most numerous Christian bodies in Brit ain. In the absence of Bishop Pereira, an Anglican, or Episcopalian, on account of illness, Canon A. H. Sewell, M. A., of Bristol, presided. I have never seen a more excellently conducted conference and under his guiding hand the sessions moved on time, effectively and profitably. ] was much impressed by the spirit of re ligious devotion which marked all the ses sions, especially at morning and evening prayers. The various subjects, which were ably discussed and presented in carefully pre pared papers, with the speakers, are as follows: “The Spiritual Approach to the Drink Problem,” The Rev. Canon A. H. Sewell, M. A. “Our Responsibility Over seas” (relating to English territory), Rev. W. J. Noble. “Alcohol as an Instrument in Social Reversion,” Rev. E. Benson Per kins. “The Bishop of Oxford’s Liquor (Popular Control) Bill,” Viscount (Lord) Astor. “The Opportunities of the Citi zen at Brewster Sessions” (License pro test court), F. G. Neave, LL. D. “Drama, Literature and the Press,” Rev. C. F. Tonks. “The Club Problem,” Sir Isaac Foot, Esq., former Member of Parlia ment. Since I had but recently arrived from the States I was especially invited to an swer questions concerning prohibition in America. During the morning and after noon sessions a total of nearly two hours’ time was consumed in this discussion and DRY WATERS IN DISPUTE Federal Court Decisions on 12-Mile , Limit in Conflict; Appeal to Federal Court of Appeals Conflict of contentions in two federal court decisions has prompted the Depart ment of Justice to take to federal court of appeals for determination the question of how far from the American shores coast guard officers may seize vessels for car rying liquor, says a Washington Associ ated Press dispatch of July 7. The case to be appealed is that involv ing the American steamer Underwriter which was ordered to be released by Fed eral Judge Thomas of the district court of Connecticut on the ground that the coast guard and customs officials were not authorized to- board and search vessels be yond the twelve-mile limit described in the tariff act. That decision was in contradiction to one by Federal Judge Hutcheson of the southern district of Texas, in the case of the British vessel Panama in which it was held that the coast guard did have the right to search and seize vessels beyond the twelve-mile limit. Judge Hutcheson further held that a vessel may be forfeited in one district for an offense in another. Under the liquor treaties between the United States and several foreign coun tries vessels of the treaty nations sus pected of carrying liquor may be searched an hour’s sailing distance from shore with no definite limitations prescribed. This point was not touched upon in the de partment’s announcement of plans for an appeal from Judge Thomas’s decision. SEEKS OFFICE AGAIN Canton Mayor was Removed oy Governor Some Time Ago and His Brother Sent to Penitentiary E. F.. Curtis, safety director, and his brother, C. C. Curtis, mayor, of Canton, • Ohio, were ousted some months ago by Governor Donahey for failure to enforce the laws. E. E. Curtis was tried and con victed in the county court on the charge of accepting a bribe from a bootlegger. The case was carried to the Supreme Court and Curtis must serve from two to ten years in the penitentiary. His brother, the mayor, did not have a crim inal charge against him but was removed from office by the governor for being derelict in the performance of his duty as chief executive of that city. The former mayor is again a candidate for mayor. His chances arc not improved by the out- *— come of the trial of his brother. Those opposed to prohibition are a noisy small minority. the alert members of the conference seized their opportunity to get first-hand infor mation and kept me on the jump to try to answer their various inquiries. The conference gave me an excellent opportunity to get soon in toucli with this large number of temperance leaders and workers and quickly widen my ac quaintance with at least a part of the tem perance forces of Great Britain. T greatly enjoyed the fellowship of those splendid men and women. Besides the leaders and delegates, whose names are too numerous to give in this i communication, there were present Lord' Astor, Sir Isaac Foot, Lady Horsley/"' widow of Sir Victor Horsley, author of the famous book on Alcohol, and Sir Al fred and Lady Spicer.