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WHAT THE CURRENT MAGAZINES ARE SAYING ABOJI
PROHIBITION AND LAW ENFORCEMENT (Reviewed by iiinina L. Iranseau) (The Independent, November 28, 1 *>25) ARRESTS FOR DRUNKENNESS The “survey” of arrests for drunken ness made by the Moderation League is reviewed, with the very sensible comment that the exact meaning of “arrests for drunkenness” differs very greatly in dif ferent localities and from year to year. The question is also raised as to the propriety of calling the years under the Volstead Act “bone dry" since prohibi tion has not yet been strictly enforced. (The Literary' Digest, November 28. 1925) RUSSIA RETURNS TO VODKA Pictures, verbal and graphic, of scenes attending the resumption of government sale of vodka agree in making the policy a truly warning example to the rest of the world. The streets were filled with brawling crowds, it seems, which taxed the city’s ambulances and hospitals to their fullest capacity. . . . Nor were condit>ns better in provin cial cities where one saw zig-zagging fig ures, with arms boldly cutting the air in most unexpected directions, accompanied by a torrent of profanity and gusts of vodka breath. . . . On the first day of the sale of vodka long lines of people stood in front of the liquor stores of Moscow, while toward evening all the cells and even the cor ridors of the police station were packed to capacity with drunken persons, includ ing a number of women. The excuses o(Ter<‘d—they cannot be called reasons—for the return of vodka, are that the soviet government needed the money to be obtained from a revenue on drink and that it was better to give the people “pure" liquors (42 per cent al coholic strength) than that they continue to consume their own home brews. It is a question how far the press will dare to report the consequences of this return to vodka drinking without danger of perse cution from the Soviet government. One, the l’ravda, is recorded as making a faint protest: “Such a way of celebrating the restora tion of vodka must be abandoned once and for all by the Soviet press. What will millions of workers and peasants thir.k when they find these idiotic pane gyrics of vodka in our newspapers, which they read with respect and considera tion.’* MORE DAMPENING FOR THE WETS The same number of the Digest con tains its own and newspaper comments of the Federal Council of Churches re lating to the misinterpretation given the report of its research department Tarts of the Council's statement are cited, namely: First of all the committee would em phasize its unequivocal support of na tional prohibition. . . . We declare our strong conviction that the policy of pro hibition is the deliberate and firmly es tablished policy of this nation, that this policy has not failed, but, on the contrary, has already yielded results which fully justify its adoption, that the liquor traffic and the saloons must not come back again and that the churches must set themselves with new purpose to see that prohibition is enforced by law and sus tained by the national conscience. Among the newspaper comments on this statement cited is the following from die Birmingham Age-Herald; The churches can do more than they have done to complete this prohibition effort which the churches themselves be gan and have put into law, joined in the final years by industrial influences. If prohibition is not enforced the fault will not be with the law. (Collier’s, The National Weekly, November 28, 1925) WHY CRIMINALS ARE NOT AFRAID By William G. Shepherd This is a revelation of the unison be tween crooks and thugs and so-called “high society,” which sometimes blocks the wheels of law enforcement. One phase of it is illustrated by a dialogue in Mayor Kendrick’s office, Pliiladelphi, be tween the mayor, two “outraged real es tate owners who had been hard hit by his (Gen. Butler’s) closing of booze-sell ing restaurants.” and Gen. Butler him self. “It’s all right to smash at the little ten thousand-dollar places,” one of the gen tlemen argued to Butler, in the presence of the mayor, “but we’ve got hundreds of thousands of dollars tied up in our place.” “Since when, in God’s name,” asked the amazed marine, “has a one-hundred-thou sand-dollar crime been less than a ten thousand-dollar one?” Mayor Kendrick spoke up. “You see, gentlemen.” he said, waving his hand, “it’s just as I told you: I can’t do anytliing with him.” One of the real estate men lost his self control. “That man,” he said, pointing to But ler, who stood in his uniform with four rows of military decorations on his breast, including two designating Congressional Medals, “has done more harm to this city than any five thousand men.” “If you feel my efforts THAT hard,” said Butler, “I’m encouraged and compli mented.” General Butler kept right on and soon the second phase developed: After a few months had gone by Phil adelphia society ostracized the Butlers. . . . Society folks, like underworld folks, had discovered at last that Butler was in earnest; they resolved that he would not make a good guest when the cocktails were passed and when cham p .me came up from the cellar. .therefore life became uncomfortable for Butler in every direction which it al ways is, except for certain high compen sations, with all fighters. To be an enemy of Butler meant, in ef fect. to be a friend of crooks, bootleggers and out-and-out criminals from whom Philadelphia has suffered a reign of ter ror. The reason why crooks were not afraid of Butler is to be told in the next issue. We shall evidently see in these articles one cause of our reputed lawlessness in operation, namely, permitting an oligar chy high or low, to hold the reins of government. (The Congregationalism Nov. 26, 1925) RETURNING TO TOTAL ABSTINENCE (Editorial) Citing with approval the words of "the American preacher with the largest week ly hearing,” Dr. S. Parkes Cadman, that we must depend on moral suasion rather than on politics for safeguarding the pro hibition movement, and the exhortation emphasized by the Federal Council to "magnify the values of the principle of total abstinence and the obligation upon law-abiding citizens to practice the same,” the editor enlarges upon the importance of temperance teaching and acceptance of the principle of total abstinence. Not in the history of the American al cohol problem has such a word been more imperative than now. Those who believed—and there are many—that with the placing of a prohibitive law on the statute books the curtain would be at once rung down, have seen their serious mistake. . . . There can be no armistice in the anti alcohol war. There can be no satisfac (Underwood and Underwood) Carrie Nation Home, Where the Famous Hatchet Wielder Died This is where Carrie Nation, the militant enemy of the liquor traffic, lived during her declining years and wrote her autobiography. It is at 35 Steel street, Eureka Springs, Arkansas, the place being known as Hatchet Hall. After being arrested and thrown into jail more than thirty times, she took the advice of friends and began lecturing on temperance instead of wielding the hatchet. When she bought the building it was a sixteen-room hotel. She remodeled it and lived in it until 1911. The building still stands as a curious object of attention on the part of tourists who visit the little city resort of Eureka Springs, which is located in the Ozark Mountains. tory enactment of law without a continu ous program of education. The habits, traditions, customs, and fallacies of a people, deeply rooted through three cen turies of cultivation, cannot be eradicated merely by the passage of legislation. . . . The agencies of the church, we believe, have a clear and definite duty today to take up and carry on the neglected task of education for the habit of total absti nence from the beverage use of all intoxi cants. We cannot have a sober and law abiding nation if we compromise with or condone in any degree drinking habits. Leaders and educators must get back to fundamentals in earnest, back to precept and example, back to thorough educa tion, in home and school and church, firmly to establish the principle and the habits of total abstinence. In the same number of the Congrega tionalist, the Western editor comments on the recent Anti-Saloon League con vention in Chicago. It demonstrated, he thought, that people were mistaken who thought the churches were no longer loyal to the League. Taking this convention as a basis of judgment, one can readily believe that the rank and file of our church people still believe in the Anti-Saloon League and they are especially loyal to its atti tude of no compromise with the liquor traffic and no modification of the Vol stead Act. This writer notes: The difference between the methods that the League uses in handling statis tics and that used by Mr. Johnson of the Federal Council was made evident in the sessions. The latter took the statistics of five years and looking at them concluded that prohibition was in a very bad way. The leaders of the Anti-Saloon League who attended the convention in Chicago are seasoned campaigners against the liq uor traffic. Some of them have been on the job since the organization of the League. They judge progress by the distance they have come. . . . The Anti Saloon League judges that it is making progress because it takes a long view of the situation. Another Western contribution is from Mr. Herbert C. Herring, who attended a meeting of the Chicago Forum ad dressed by Mr. Ernest Johnson and who felt that Mr. Johnson’s straightforward ness in stating facts, as he sees them, “has done more to convince the man out side of the honesty of the church than al most any other man on the scene.” “He was listened to because he did not give the air of being out to prove something.” AN ALLY OF THE WETS Former Crown Prince of Germany Sug gests Beer Gardens for the United States The wets of the United States have an ally in the former Crown Prince Fredrick of Germany. He is the son of the late kaiser and is quoted as saying: Heaven spare us from prohibition! Look at America! Whither has it led in the countries which have attempted it? To smuggling, destruction of commerce, and to the dissemination of immorality. Let the people drink a sensible amount of alcohol and let them do it openly. He also suggests to America the Ger man beer garden as a substitute for prohi bition. It will now be in order for the Association Against the Prohibition Amendment, the Moderation League, or some one of the wet societies, to arrange for this Hohenzollern to tour America in the interest •( beer and the brewers.