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WHAT THE CURRENT MAGAZINES ARE SAYING ABOUT
PROHIBITION AND LAW ENFORCEMENT (Reviewed by Emma L. Transeau) (The Literary Digest, August 2^ 1926) SMITH AGAINST THE FIELD POISON FOR THE SCOFFLAW Under the first of these titles, news paper prophecy as to Governor Smith’s chances for nomination on the Democratic ticket in the next Presidential campaign are quoted. Under the second title are found discussions, pro and con, of the policy of denaturing alcohol with sub stances which are more poisonous than ethyl alcohol. Many will agree with the Memphis Commercial Appeal that “Those who insist on patronizing bootleggers have only themselves to blame if they be 'omc victims of the bootlegger’s wares.” This, of course, seems very hard-boiled to he newly developed sympathies of the wets. The crusading New York World leclart-s that, When General Andrews is able to say, “Wc no longer use poisons; we use only denaturants which are ‘ob noxious’” this issue will be closed—and not before. (The American Revie w of Reviews, August, 1926) ‘Congress and Prohibition"; “The Press and the Wet Propaganda”; “Surprising Effects of the Law"; “Enforcement Pol icies"; “The Dreadful Facts Disclosed"; “How the Drys Spent Millions"; “New York’s Senator and the Drys" Editorials This series of editorials presents a num ber of thoughtful and encouraging con iderations. The following are a few ex racts. The Senate Committee on Campaign Expenditures under the chairmanship of Mr. Reed of Missouri was expected to de mote itself to investigating organized poli tics. . . . But the resolution under which the committee was appointed made it pos sible to include any agency or organiza tion that used money in these current campaigns. ... It happens that Senator Reed is an aggressive opponent of prohi bition, and particularly hostile to those organizations—principally supported by he churches—that took the lead in the ight against the liquor traffic that gave ts the Eighteenth Amendment and the Volstead act. . . . It does not appear that the Anti-Saloon ..eague had anything whatever to conceal, tnd it was evident that there were no im >ortant facts relating to the affairs or the nethods of this organization that Mr. Wheeler was unwilling to put in the pos session of the Senate committee. Senator Reed, however, conducted a cross exami nation for several days that was apparent ly intended to have it appear that a sharp and bearbaiting manner, and a “treat-’em rough” method, were necessary to disclose to the country the nefarious and corrupt ing practices of the Anti-Saloon League. • • • • It is only in the imagination of the wets hat the question of prohibition is domi umtly before the country in- a political ense. Everyone knows that the subject > one of constant talk in private circles, nd that the wet movement supports a remendous propaganda. (Good Housekeeping, August, 1926) THE STAMPEDE OF YOUTH By Vera L. Connolly The writer made a special visit to the iffice of Judge John F. McIntyre, of the Court of General Sessions, Criminal Courts Building, Xew York, to ask him some questions about the so-called “crime wave”: Is there such a thing? If so, W'hat arc the causes and remedies? The judge had decided opinion on the subject, some of which referred to prohibition. He objects to the term “crime wave”: It suggests a temporary outburst. In my opinion, the criminal tendencies acutely apparent among our young today are not an “outburst.” They are rather the logi cal climax of a slow, steady increase in crime among our young people which commenced twelve or fifteen years ago and is still mounting rapidly. Asked to give the causes, and remedies, he wrote down in order, on a piece of pa per, eight causes, naming them in what he considered to he the order of their im portance, and so worded that each indi cated its own remedy. On this list “lack of religious training,” stood first, and this he strongly emphasized, saying that it made no difference what faith the parents held, Buddhist, Catholic, Jewish, Protes tant, Mohammedan,— Instill in your children in infancy the normal principles of that religion. En courage obedience to them in childhood. And send your boy or girl out into the world equipped with a definite set of re ligious standards. Such a boy or girl al most never finds his or her way into the criminal courts. The ‘‘age old liquor question” Judge McIntyre put fourth on his list. Of this he said: Drink has always been a problem of the criminal courts. Don’t make any mistake about that. Today it seems especially acute only because of the kind of liquor drunk, its availability at many of our hearthstones, and the general flippant, cynical attitude towards it. I will admit that until all this is changed, until the prohibtiion law is respected and enforced, the criminal tendencies of our youth are not likely to decrease. If parents flout the law, if they regard hip-flasks as the most interesting topic of social conversation, and spend time and money in pursuit of liquor, as though it were a kind of ultimate aim in life, why should they revolt at the sight of a little son or daughter on trial in a criminal court? The one follows the other as sure ly as night follows day. , . . But if parents would tell their young people that the prohibition law, being a law, must be obeyed, and if they would deny to their boys and girls the taste of liquor, the appetite would pass away in this generation. The next generation would not be desirous of liquor. lie conceded that the parents would have to close the speakeasies and other places where temptation to drink and other vices arc put before young people, but he believed it could be dcine. On the physical conditions that produce morons and on the question of providing suitable recreation, this judge had worth while opinions and advice to give, as well as on the rest of his tight points. (The Survey Graphic, August, 1926) PROHIBITION IN THE LONG RUN By Sir Arthur Newsholme Among other statements on prohibition in this country, the writer calls it, “the logical culmination of various forms of compulsion which have been tried in the past two thousand years.” Drunkenness, he depicts as “a savage vice, which, apart from all restrictions, should become less common with the wid erning of men’s interests and the reduc tion of human misery.” But “savages” are found wherever .men collect together, hence, “throughout the centuries, the con trol of the liquor trade has been regulated by both church and state.” The article deals with liquor restric tions and their results in Great Britain since the establishing of the license sys tem in England in 1552, and shows the necessity of drastic restriction of this trade, since “men themselves create their own social ills, and cannot be trusted to do the right thing even in their own in terest.” War restrictions on drink were sub mitted to because public opinion recog nized the necessity, and now public opin ion is beginning to read the interpretation of the results of the present indulgence in alcohol, which though reduced by the war, is steadily rising until the cost of drink is now the highest item of expendi HE’S REAL TEMPERANCE VETERAN By J. H. Larlmore When the Ohio Conference of Wesleyan Methodist Church assembled the other day on the camp meeting grounds at Africa, near Westerville, the oldest member of the Conference was present. He is Rev. H. R. Smith, of Leonards burg, Ohio, retired. Rev. Mr. Smith is known throughout Ohio as “Sunday” Smith because while a member of the Ohio Legislature in 1882-1884 he was author of a law which closed the saloons of Ohio on Sundays. This was one of‘the first legislative ac tions taken by the General Assembly of Ohio. I had seen “Sunday” Smith a number of times and I remembered him when I was a little boy as he spoke to an audience in my home town. I have seen him often since then but never had interviewed him until the other night at the Conference. Mr. Smith told me that when he proposed the law closing the saloons o.f Ohio on Sundays his proposal was regarded as revolutionary. It‘was not even accepted by many church people. There were even temperance folks who won dered if the thing were not going just a little too far for the times. Mr. Smith was attacked in the press and on the platform and in addition received a threatening letter from the Sons of Libert)' in which letter he was ‘old that he was too good for this earth and ought to be removed and that or ganization had a man who was willing to do the removing. Mr. Smith read the letter in the lower house and the letter drew to his bill the support of other members who might not have otherwise voted for it but were aroused when they heard it read. “Had anyone back there in the 80’s prophesied that by 1920 the liquor busi ness would have been put out of America, be would have been regarded as in sane,” Rev. Mr. Smith told me. The aged pastor-legislator was rejoiced when I told him of the progress being made throughout the world and of the enter jrise and program of the World League Against Alcoholism. ture in tlie country. It exceeds by about 11,000.000 pounds the next highest cost, which is interest on the national debt. Progress towards national abstinence may be even more rapid than the restrictions to which the people are now looking would indicate because: Physiological researches made by in vestigators of undoubted authority have shown, lime after time, that efficiency in all forms of work, mental and physical, is reduced by even small doses of alcohol, and this fact is becoming increasingly ap preciated by the general public. It is being increasingly realized that economic power is seriously affected by the consumption of alcoholic drinks; and that in present circumstances a country whose inhabitants consume considerable quantities of alcoholic drinks is hopeless • ly handicapped, physiologically and eco nomically, in competing with another country in which the consumption of al coholic drinks is an exceptional phenome non. In short, the meaning of the title of the article, “Prohibition in the Long Run,” appears to be a prophecy for England, and the acceptance of it is put upon a high plane: The facts . . . call upon men of mod erate views to show their willingness to suffer some personal inconvenience, to un dergo some limitation of their personal liberty, in order that by so doing they may help those still chained in the bond age of alcoholism to regain the liberty which freedom from temptation to drink will give them. In thus acting the mod erate man cannot be said to suffer from restricted liberty; he is living in the higher liberty which characterizes Christian ideal ism. CARRIES BOOZE AD; BARRED London Tourist Guide Not Admit ted to United States Because of That Importation into the United States of a monthly publication the Key to London, printed in the British metropolis as a guide for American tourists, has been barred by action of Acting Solicitor Ed ward Barnes at the New York customs house. Final decision will be made by United States Attorney Emory R. Buck ner on his return from vacation. The publication was barred on the ground that it is an illegal importation un der Section U of the Volstead Act, which makes it “unlawful to advertise anywhere or by any means or method, liquor or the manufacture, sale, keeping for sale, or furnishing of the same, or where, how or from whom or at what price the same may be obtained.’' The Key to London carries an adver tisement which calls attention to Grant's Morelia cherry brandy. Mr. Buckner holds that the publication is not entitled to the privileges accorded newspapers published in foreign countries when mail ed to America. It is not a newspaper within the meaning of the act. he declares and it was not mailed to America but was shipped. It is said the decision if up held may have a far-reaching effect in barring many foreign magazines that now come to this country. Before prohibition. America was pay ing more than two billion dollars annu ally for drink, and in 1916 paid three quarters of a billion for education. In dry 1922 America spent one and three quarters billion dollars for public educa tion and not one cent for liquor sold bj public permission.