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WHAT THE CURRENT MAGAZINES ARE SAYING ABOUT
PROHIBITION AND LAW ENFORCEMENT (Reviewed by Emma L. Transeau) (The Congregationalism Feb. 17, 1927) (Editorial) “SLOW* PARTIES FOR YOUNG PEOPLE Those who have insisted that our young people are “all right” and not as reckless as painted are backed up by the report here chronicled. Young people are organ, izing against wild parties. It started, ac cording to the report, from a letter which a young man wrote to a newspaper stat ing his desire “to be popular without in dulging in, or expressing approval of, the indiscretions and follies which seemed so essential to the happiness of his friends.” Many of his friends, apparently, had the same desire, but were waiting for a leader. They were willing to be called “slow” in order to start a revolt “away from the type of party, dance, and amuse, ment which have become so closely iden tified with young people." The revolt is also “against the violation of the prohibi tion law.” These young people have fur ther shown their intelligence by taking advantage of the strength there is in un ity. Hence the “Slow” clubs. "Welcome recruits.” There is also significance in the fact that this came out as a “news dispatch." Perhaps such indications of a turning of the tide will be accorded a place as news in the daily press. (Scribner’s Magazine, February 1927) WHEN THE TURTLE SINGS (By Don Marquise) This article should be read in connec tion with Lord Astor’s article in the Feb ruary Forum. “The appeal of wine is purely sensual,” says that article, and this one, which represents a monologue by an old “soak” illustrates it. It is a glorifica tion of liquor and lust, the kind of an ar ticle one does not often see in Scribner’s, a magazine which one usually associates with literature. (The Scientific Monthly, February 1927) LAW ENFORCEMENT Four articles are included under this head, one on the tax laws; one on the im portance of research in economic and so cial problems; and two that deal more or less with the Prohibition law. “Law Enforcement Through Self Re straint,” by Dr. Hastings H. Hart, is written from the standpoint that we are in danger of laying too much stress upon the idea of enforcement and too little on the idea of self-restraint. With an illus tration of the difference between Amer icans and Frenchmen shown in appropri ating fruit found on the highway, he re marks that it is probably due in part “to the training of the youth in these Euro pean countries from childhood to give heed to authority and to hold the law in reverence. Fashions and customs have a large part in directing our acts. A few years ago, appropriating spoons and other hotel property as souvenirs and exhibit ing them was “a common practice for travelers.” Now, no one of any social standing would dream of admitting such collecting. Therefore, invoke the power of custom and fashion as aids to laws that call for self-denial and self-control in the interests of public welfare. “Laws That Men Break and Why,” by Hon. Edwin' M. Abbott, contains an in teresting enumeration of other laws be sides the prohibition law which "respect able citizens” disrespect, disregard, or break with as little compunction. In au Josnc oiling there are laws restricting speeding, parking, specifying lighting, and “rules of the road,” all of which are re garded by many as for the other fellow. Restraints on personal liberty touching adultery, and the Mann Act are disregard ed by thousands, but few of the transgres sirs “find their way into our courts.” Lawa relating to gambling, smuggling, the in come tax are constantly defied. The elec tion official ambitious to ascend the polit ical ladder “takes a chance” in disregard ing election laws. Blaspheming, furnish ing cigarets to minors, dispensing narcot ic drugs, fortune telling, usury, illegal trusts, are other instances. The first place in which to begin tha remedy is the home. “By precept and practice the youth of the land must ba trained to walk in the paths of law observ ance." Other methods are suggested, but among them one does not find modify ing or repealing a law as a method of cre ating respect for law. (The Forum, February, 1927) WHY PROHIBITION WILL WIN By Viscount Astor Not every one who has read with pride and satisfaction Lord Astor’s indictment of the liquor business and defense of pro hibition knows of the wide opportunities he has had, and used, for studying the question. This article tells. He was a member of the British Liquor Control Board during the war, and was at the ministry of Health, where he studied the effects of alcohol on health and life. He was “one of the Prime Minister's secre taries” when the Cabinet was considering legislation suggested by the Liquor Con trol Board and there realized “to the full” the political power of the industry, and in protecting his wife from the abuses it heaped upon her “to try to drive her out of public life because she was a temper ance reformer,” he has had to study its methods. He has devoted time to study ing the “religious aspects of the drink problem,” whether the use of alcohol im pedes the attempt all should make to be more unselfish, to develop one’s high«r and spiritual nature as distinct from one’s lower and animal nature and whether its effect on the brain and mind enables one to get a clearer apprehension of God and His creation.” To this broad physiological, social, in dustrial, political and religious viewpoint Lord Astor has added two visits to the United States, not especially to study the workings of prohibition, but using all op portunities to do so. He also knows the conditions in wet countries, where, in the large cities there are “orgies” not to be explained by prohibition; where the use of alcohol “may not form so frequent a topic of conversation . . . but it is con stantly thrust before men, women and children by commercial advertising.” with this background he can speak with assurance on important points: "Crime Waves”? European cities have them. “A spirit of lawlessness has both ered most cities since the war.” Wine a solution? “Are the wine-drinking coun tries leading the world morally?” Materi alists who extol “wine, women and song” AN ATTEMPT TO GLORIFY LAWLESSNESS “Oil Paint and Drug Reporter” Denounces Edwards Bill Designed to Make Industrial Alcohol Safe for the Bootlegger; Urges United Effort of Industries to Defeat It The Oil, Paint and Drug Reporter, a New York publication, in the issue of Jan uary 31 vigorously assails the Edwards anti-industrial alcohol bill. It will be remem bered that Senator Edwards of New Jersey introduced a bill which would make it un lawful “to denature any alcohol by the admixture therewith of materials rendering such alcohol destructive to human life if used as a beverage.” The Oil, Paint and Drug Reporter has never been conspicuous as an advocate of the prohibition policy, and therefore not even Senator Edwards can accuse that journal of attacking his bill be cause of “fanatical” prohibition ideas. The Oil, Paint and Drug Reporter does not hesitate to say that the Edwards bill is really an attempt “to glorify, yes, legalize law lessness.” The attack in part follows: There is no other purpose in the exist ing laws providing for the denaturing of alcohol than that of assuring a supply of this material for industrial use. Denatur ing alcohol for any other purpose is il legal, no matter what the nature of the denaturant employed. It might be argued that the denaturing of alcohol for use as a rubbing fluid for use on the human body has no industrial purpose, but the denat uring must be done in the manufacture of the rubbing fluid—in other words, the in dustry, and not in the household or even in the drugstore. No amount of explain ing or attempting to explain hidden mean ings can make the Edwards bill anything other than it is: a design to deprive legiti imate industry of alcohol suitably denat ured as the law now provides in order that illegitimate industry may be facilitated and violation of the law be made lesa hazardous. It is a design to nullify the prohibition law and whatever may be th« attitude of any person toward the pur pose of that statute all must agree that this attack upon it is not in the open. [ Need Is Universal So general is the need for alcohol in in dustry that there are but few lines of manufacturing which would not be ad versely affected by being deprived of a ready supply of this material and the op portunity to employ it unhampered by the onerous inspection and supervision that would be necessary if it were obligatory to employ alcohol suitable for beverage use. From hat to shoes there is scarcely an article of clothing in the production of which alcohol is not needed. The furni ture of the household, the family automo bile, ink, pencils, shoe polish—all the sim ple every-day necessities of life and com fort require alcohol In their manufacture. So the protest against the Edwards bill should be universal and it should be vig orous. No matter how small the vol ume of alcohol needed by any manufac turer, there is none who should not pro test against this unwarranted interfer ence. . . . The bill is vicious, the more so because of its seemingly humanitarian alleged pur pose of preventing death by misadventure. The purpose at which it is obviously di rected may be reached in other ways. There is not this need to stifle legitimate industry for the crime of the bootlegger. Let Congress hear in a manner that will pose of preventing death by misadventure, will have no part in this attempt to glori —yes, legalize, lawlessness. turn for their enjoyments to “the worl<^ the flesh and the devil." Money used by the Anti-Saloo® League? “Is it worse than having French brandy and wine interests spending moiu ey in the United States and Canada to im pede the temperance movement? Drink* with a kick? Can any be produced that are not intoxicating? Referenda? They should carry a clear alternative to proht bition. The voter should know what he is voting for. How will it be settled? “The America® people will not start again the general use of intoxicants for science and experi ence have proved that these take the edga off of efficiency, blunt ideals and are al ways on the side of the flesh and its war against the spirit." GOLD FROM SALT WATER (By Walter Karig) This article, a story of a soldier in poo® health and without money who made a fortune by rum-running, appears to imply that Rum-Row went out of existence, no! because of the efficiency of the Coast Guard, but because the “King” of th« Row made all the money he wanted, and quit. However true the rest of the articla may be, that part of it will appeal only t® the willingly credulous. ANDREWS URGES FUND Appeals to Ways and Means Committed for Money for Under-cover Agents Last week one day, General Andrews appeared before the House Ways and Means Committee and urged the crea tion of a $500,000 fund to finance under cover operations and permit prohibition officers to advance expense money to agents. It will be remembered that an attempt to include such authority in the Treasury department appropriations bill was frustrated in the House. General Andrews pointed out that such under-cover methods are employed by the Fost Office department, the Internal Rev enue Department, and customs service in apprehending mail frauds, counterfeiting schemes, and smugglers. He explained that the bill he advocates would merely authorize the same use of money by the prohibition unit which he contends is faced by a much more difficult task than the others. “We are trying to improve the person nel of the Prohibition unit,” said General Andrews. “We want to make it so that a man can wear a prohibition badge with pride. We try to get rid of agents who are not capable and honest.” TO MAKE IT BAD FORM National W. C. T. U. Launches Move . ment to Make Cocktail Drinking a Breach of Etiquette The National Woman’s Christian Tcm. perance Union started a movement on the anniversary of the birth of Frances Wil lard to create a sentiment which will brand cocktail drinking as bad etiquette. Mrs. F.lla A. Boole, national president of the W. C. T. U., announced that the campaign to make the surreptitious cock, tail a matter of bad form, is to be na tional in extent An appeal is being made to society leaders to lend assistance in this campaign. Miss Cora Frances Stoddard, director of the scientific temperance education, in a letter to prominent leaders among wom en says: “Serving of cocktails is a mid Victorian custom and should be rele gated to the antique shop along with the pewter mugs and Georgian candlesticks.” Offers to millionaire bootleggers are not so numerous these days. Is it possible the bootleg trade is falling off?